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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928133

ABSTRACT

Neuropathic pain is one of the common complications of diabetes. Tetrahydropalmatine(THP) is a main active component of Corydalis Rhizoma with excellent anti-inflammatory and pain-alleviating properties. This study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of THP on diabetic neuropathic pain(DNP) and the underlying mechanism. High-fat and high-sugar diet(4 weeks) and streptozotocin(STZ, 35 mg·kg~(-1), single intraperitoneal injection) were employed to induce type-2 DNP in rats. Moreover, lipopolysaccharide(LPS) was used to induce the activation of BV2 microglia in vitro to establish an inflammatory cellular model. Fasting blood glucose(FBG) was measured by a blood glucose meter. Mechanical withdrawal threshold(MWT) was assessed with von Frey filaments, and thermal withdrawal latency(TWL) with hot plate apparatus. The protein expression levels of OX42, inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS), CD206, p38, and p-p38 were determined by Western blot, the fluorescence expression levels of OX42 and p-p38 in the dorsal horn of the rat spinal cord by immunofluorescence, the mRNA content of p38 and OX42 in rat spinal cord tissue by qRT-PCR, and levels of nitric oxide(NO), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-10(IL-10), and serum fasting insulin(FINS) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). RESULTS:: showed that the mo-del group demonstrated significant decrease in MWT and TWL, with pain symptoms. THP significantly improved the MWT and TWL of DNP rats, inhibited the activation of microglia and p38 MAPK signaling pathway in rat spinal cord, and ameliorated its inflammatory response. Meanwhile, THP promoted the change of LPS-induced BV2 microglia from the pro-inflammatory M1 phenotype to the anti-inflammatory M2 phenotype, suppressed the activation of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway, decreased the expression levels of inflammatory factors NO, IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α, and increased the expression level of anti-inflammatory factor IL-10. The findings suggested that THP can significantly ameliorate the pain symptoms of DNP rats possibly by inhibiting the inflammatory response caused by M1 polarization of microglia via the p38 MAPK pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine Alkaloids , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Neuropathies/genetics , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Microglia , Neuralgia/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Streptozocin/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
2.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 298-302, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319266

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse the variability of proteins in the seminal plasma of severe oligospermic and healthy fertile men.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Spermatic fluid samples were collected from 11 healthy fertile men and 6 severe oligospermic male volunteers and tested by SELDI-TOF-MS with the CM10 protein chip to get the protein spectra maps, which were automatically treated with the special softwares of Ciphergen Inc.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean peak heights of 2 lower-abundance proteins expressed in the seminal plasma of the severe oligospermic men were statistically different from the healthy fertile males (P<0.05). Fifteen different proteins existed between the nonobstructive azoospermic and the severe oligospermic group, 7 of which, with m/z of 7,196.058, 7,547.610, 5,780.493, 7,059.844, 7,409.589, 5,379.173 and 10,778.810, also between the non-obstructive azoospermic and the healthy fertile males (P<0.05). Except the latter two, the contents of the other 5 proteins were decreased in the non-obstructive azoospermic men (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The finger prints of the seminal plasma proteins of the severe oligospermic group were similar to those of the healthy fertile males, both significantly different from the non-obstructive azoospermic men. It is suggested that pathogenesis mechanisms differ exist between non-obstructive azoospermia and severe oligospermia but are not the simple accumulation of genetic factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Oligospermia , Metabolism , Semen , Metabolism , Seminal Plasma Proteins , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
3.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 579-583, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297681

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse protein alterations in the seminal plasma of non-obstructive azoospermia patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Semen samples were collected from 11 healthy fertile and 6 azoospermia male volunteers respectively and tested by SELDI-TOF-MS with CM10 protein chip to get protein spectra maps, which were automatically treated with the special softwares of Ciphergen Inc.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean peak heights of 28 proteins expressed in the seminal plasma of the azoospermia patients were statistically different from those of the healthy fertile males (P < 0.05 ), of which 24 were of lower contents than in the normal controls, 4 with remarkably significant difference, M/Z 7 196.058, 7 630.573, 7 547.610 and 7 709.833 (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The seminal plasma proteins of the azoospermia patients were significantly different from those of the healthy fertile males, with decreased contents of most of the different proteins, which might be significantly correlated with the development of azoospermia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Azoospermia , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Proteins , Proteomics , Methods , Semen , Chemistry , Cell Biology , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility
4.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 291-294, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338310

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse clinical feasibility of two electrophoresis procedures of seminal plasma proteins, agarose gel electrophoresis and SDS-agarose gel electrophoresis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-nine semen samples were examined and classified into three groups: the asthenozoospermia (n = 22), the asthenoteratozoospermia (n = 19), and the relative normal group (n = 28) with normal routine and special test results, according to WHO routine and special test criterion. Then, the seminal plasma protenis were separated by two different electrophoresis, with SDS-agarose and agarose support medium, the buffer pH 7.0 and 9.2 respectively. The agarose gel electrophoresis was done under various sample loading time, motion power and staining modules. The completed gels were scanned and compared the each other statistically.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seminal plasma proteins can be separated into 4 strips by SDS-agarose gel electrophoresis with acid crystal violet, and the strips were diffusion and with dark background. However, 6 clear strips named A, B, C, D, E, and F can be obtained by agarose gel electrophoresis with 6 min. After samples were loaded and stained by amidoblack, there showed appropriate spaces among strips, and it was very easy to scan the drying gel by a densitometer. Using agarose gel electrophoresis, the statistical difference in strip C and E was shown between the asthenozoospermia and the relative normal group, and between the asthenozoospermia and the asthenoteratozoospermia, however, not between the relative normal and the asthenoteratozoospermia group. Moreover, the samples in the relative normal group with normal routine and special test results were in different electrophoresis maps.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Agarose gel electrophoresis of seminal plasma proteins with buffer pH 9.2, 6 min. sample loading and amidoblack stain was a simple, fast and fit technique for clinic.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Methods , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Methods , Humans , Male , Proteins , Semen , Chemistry , Staining and Labeling
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