Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 10 de 10
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on inflammatory reaction, apoptosis and expression of Yes-associated protein (YAP) of ischemic penumbra of cerebral cortex in cerebral ischemia reperfusion injury rats, and to explore the possible mechanism of its neuroprotection effect.@*METHODS@#A total of 84 SD rats were randomized into a sham operation group (12 rats), a model group (18 rats), an EA group (18 rats), an EA+YAP virus transfection group (18 rats) and an EA+virus control group (18 rats). Except for the sham operation group, thread embolization method was adopted to establish the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model in rats of the other groups. EA was applied at "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) for 30 min in the 3 EA intervention groups 2 h before model establishment, disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/15 Hz in frequency and 1 mA in intensity. Adenovirus transfection technique was used to induce gene silencing of YAP in the EA+YAP virus transfection group, and adenovirus vectors was injected as negative control in the EA+virus control group 4 d before model establishment. Twenty-four hours after model establishment, neurological function score was evaluated, the relative cerebral infarction area was observed by TTC staining, the apoptosis in the ischemic penumbra of cerebral cortex was detected by TUNEL staining, the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the ischemic penumbra of cerebral cortex was detected by ELISA method, the expression of YAP was detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham operation group, the expression of YAP was increased in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture pretreatment can effectively improve the ischemia reperfusion injury, its mechanism may be related to up-regulating the expression of YAP in the ischemic penumbra of cerebral cortex and relieving the apoptosis and inflammatory reaction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/therapy
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1289-1293, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupoint stimulation on the quality of recovery in patients with radical thyroidectomy under the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).@*METHODS@#A total of 62 patients with radical thyroidectomy were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 31 cases in each one. In both of the two groups, general anesthesia with tracheal intubation was applied, the same anesthesia induction and maintenance medication were given. In the observation group, auricular point pressing with magnetic beads was adopted at bilateral shenmen (TF) and transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (dilatational wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 6 to 12 mA) was performed at bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) from 30 min before anesthesia induction to the end of the anesthesia. In the control group, medical adhesive plaster was pasted at bilateral shenmen (TF) and the electrodes were plastered at bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) with no corresponding stimulation. In both of the two groups, visual analogue scale for anxiety (VAS-A) score was observed to evaluate the anxiety severity before anesthesia induction; the total intraoperative dosages of sufentanil, remifentanil and propofol were recorded; the numerical rating scale (NRS) score was used to assess the pain severity of instant time (T0) and 30 min (T1) of entering post-anesthesia recovery room (PACU), motor and static mode at 2 h (T2), 6 h (T3), 12 h (T4), 24 h (T5) after surgery; time of first anal exhaust, time of getting out of bed after surgery, total hospitalization time and the incidences of postoperative nausea and vomiting were observed; the quality of recovery was assessed by the 40-item quality of recovery score (QoR-40).@*RESULTS@#The VAS-A score and the total intraoperative dosage of remifentanil in the observation group were reduced compared with the control group (0.05). The time of first anal exhaust and getting out of bed after surgery in the observation group were advanced than those in the control group (0.05). Compared with the control group, the QoR-40 score was increased in the observation group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupoint stimulation can improve the preoperative anxiety in patients with radical thyroidectomy, reduce the intraoperative anesthetic dosage and postoperative pain, advance the time of anal exhaust and getting out of bed, improve the quality of postoperative recovery and enhance the recovery process.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Thyroidectomy , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237891

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe whether adenosine Al receptor (Al R) mediated neuroprotection of Shenmai Injection (SI) on rat cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The focal cerebral I/R model was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Totally 60 successfully modeled rats was divided into 5 groups according to randomized block principle, i.e., the model group, the SI group, the SI + AlR antagonist (1,3-dipropyl-8-cyclopentylxanthine, DPCPX) group, the AlR antagonist control group, and the dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) control group, 12 in each group. Besides, a sham-operation group was set up (n =12). SI at 15 mL/kg was peritoneally injected to mice in the SI group immediately after cerebral I/R. Equal volume of normal saline was injected to mice in the model group and the sham-operation group. DPCPX at 1 mg/mL was peritoneally injected to mice in the Al R antagonist control group 30 min before peritoneal injecting SI. DPCPX at 1 mg/kg and DMSO at 1 mL/kg were peritoneally injected to mice in the AlR antagonist control group and the DMSO control group 30 min immediately before cerebral I/R. Rats' neurobehavioral scores were assessed after 24 h reperfusion. The volume of cerebral infarction and Bcl-2 protein expression of cerebral infarction penumbra were also detected. Results Compared with the sham-operation group, neurobehavioral scores, the volume of cerebral infarction, and Bcl-2 protein expression increased (all P <0. 05). Compared with the model group, neurobehavioral scores and the volume of cerebral infarction obviously decreased, but Bcl-2 protein expression increased in the SI group (all P <0. 05). Compared with the SI group, neurobehavioral scores increased, the volume of cerebral infarction was obviously enlarged, and Bcl-2 protein expression was obviously reduced in the A1R antagonist control group (all P <0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SI's neurobehavioral scores could be partially reversed in the Al R antagonist control group, the volume of cerebral infarction and Bcl-2 protein expression improved. AlR might possibly meditate neuroprotection of SI on MACO mire</p>


Subject(s)
Adenosine , Animals , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery , Mice , Neuroprotection , Physiology , Neuroprotective Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, Adenosine A1 , Metabolism , Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Xanthines
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359286

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES) combined intravenous injection and/or Neiguan (P6) injection with droperidol in preventing and treating post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after thyroid tumor surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recruited were 120 female patients who underwent selective thyroid tumor surgery were randomly assigned to the control group, the TAES group, the IV group (intravenous injection of droperidol), and the P6 group [Neiguan point (P6) injection of droperidol], respectively, 30 cases in each group. Thirty min before anesthesia induction, 2 mL 0.9% normal saline injection was intravenously injected to those in the control group. Patients in the TAES group received TEAS at bilateral P6 points. 2.5 mg (1 mL) droperidol added in 1 mL 0.9 normal saline was intravenously injected to those in the IV group and injected at bilateral P6 points of those in the P6 group. The occurrence and severity of PONV were observed within 0 - 6 h and within 6 - 24 h after operation in each group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the incidence and the severity of PONV within 0 - 6 h and within 6 - 24 h after thyroid surgery were significantly reduced in the three treatment groups (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence or the severity of PONV among the TAES, IV and P6 groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TEAS at P6 could dramatically reduce the occurrence and the severity of PONV after thyroid tumor surgery. Besides, it got equivalent effect to that by intravenous injecting droperidol or by injecting droperidol at P6.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Prospective Studies , Single-Blind Method , Thyroid Neoplasms , General Surgery , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355557

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment at Baihui (GV20) on the concentration of adenosine deaminase (ADA) and adenosine, and to evaluate its effects on the neurologic function score and the infarction volume after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), thus exploring its mechanisms for relieving the ischemia/reperfusion injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 54 male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, the sham-EA group, the EA group, and the control group, 18 in each group. Rats in the control group were not intervened after anesthesia. Rats in the EA group were needled at Baihui (GV20) for 30 min. Rats in the sham-EA group received the same procedure as those performed in the EA group without electricity connected. The changes of adenosine and ADA contents were detected at 30, 60, and 120 min after EA respectively. The I/R model was established. Totally 48 male SD rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, i.e., the model group (Group A), the EA group (Group B), the EA +8-Cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropylxanthine (DPCPX) group (Group C), the EA + DMSO group (Group D), the Deoxycoformycin (Deo) group (Group E), and the normal saline group (Group F). Rats in Group B, C, and D received EA for 30 min before modeling. Rats in Group C and D were peritoneally injected with DPCPX (1 mg/kg) and DMSO (1 mL/kg) at 30 min before EA. The neurologic function score was evaluated and the infarct volumes were detected after 24-h reperfusion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the sham-EA group, there was no statistical difference in the contents of the adenosine or ADA in the control group at each time point (P > 0.05). Compared with the control group at the same time point, the content of ADA significantly decreased at 60 min in the EA group [(315.0 +/- 22.9 U/L), P < 0.05], and restored to the normal level at 120 min after EA. The content of adenosine increased in the EA group at 120 min [(20.4 +/- 2.2) ng/microL, P < 0.05]. Compared with the model group, the neurologic function score decreased (P < 0.05) and the infarct volumes were obviously reduced (P < 0.01) in Group B, D and E. There was no statistical difference in the neurologic function score or the infarct volumes in other groups, when compared with the model group (P > 0.05)</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA at Baihui (GV20) showed protective effects on the cerebral I/R rats, which might be achieved through lowering the ADA concentration and elevating the adenosine content, and further activating adenosine A1 receptor.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenosine Deaminase , Metabolism , Animals , Brain Ischemia , Metabolism , Electroacupuncture , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231633

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES) on stress who received propofol target controlled infusion (TCI) general anesthesia in brain surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 40 neurosurgical patients of I-II grade (ASA grading) in our hospital were randomly divided into the TAES group (T group) and the control group (C group), 20 in each group. All patients received intravenous anesthesia by propofol TCI. The TAES intervention was adopted in those of C group. Electrodes were only applied to corresponding acupoints without electric stimulation. The arterial blood was withdrawn before TAES (T0), before anesthesia (T1), before cutting (T2), at 60 min after encephalic incision (T3), immediately after incisions suture (T4), at about 10 min after removing tracheal catheters (T5) to detect beta-endorphin (beta-EP), cortisol (COR), adrenalin (E), blood sugar (Glu). The heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were recorded. The total time of surgery, anesthesia, total infusion amount, blood lost amount, and urine amount were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In both groups, HR, MAP, COR, and E at T2 were lower than at T0 significantly (P < 0.05). beta-EP in group C at T2 was lower than at T0 significantly (P < 0.05). HR, MAP, COR in group C at T3 were higher than at T0 significantly (P < 0.05). HR, MAP, E, and Glu in group C at T4 and T5 were higher than at T0 significantly (P < 0.05). beta-EP in group T at T1 and T3 were higher than at T0 significantly (P < 0.05). HR, COR, E, Glu, and beta-EP in group T at T4 and T5 were higher than at T0 significantly (P < 0.05). Between groups, comparing with the time point T0, the amplitude of variation of MAP, COR, and E at T2 in group C were significantly less (P < 0.05); the amplitude of variation of HR, MAP, and COR at T3 in group C were less significantly, when compared with the time point T0 (P < 0.05); the amplitude of variation of HR, MAP, COR, E, and Glu at T4 and T5 in group C were less significantly, when compared with the time point T0 (P < 0.05). When comparing the two groups, the amplitude of variation of beta-EP at time points of T1, T3, T4, and T5 in group T were larger than at T0 in group C (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TAES could reduce stress and stabilize the internal environment when used in brain surgery with propofol TCI general anesthesia.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Aged , Craniotomy , Female , Humans , Intraoperative Period , Male , Middle Aged , Propofol , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231618

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of ginsenoside Rb1 on cerebral infarction volume as well as IL-1 beta in the brain tissue and sera of focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury model rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The I/R rat model was established by using thread according to Zea-Longa. SD rats were randomly divided into five groups, i.e., the sham-operation group, the model group, the low dose ginsenoside Rb1 (20 mg/kg) group, the medium dose ginsenoside Rb1 group (40 mg/kg), and the high dose ginsenoside Rb1 group (80 mg/kg), 12 in each group. Rats in the sham-operation group only received middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) but without thread insertion. The MCAO model was prepared in the rest 4 groups, followed by MCAO2 h later. Ginsenoside Rb1 at each dose was peritoneally administrated to rats in corresponding groups immediately after cerebral ischemia. Equal volume of normal saline was administered to rats in the sham-operation group. Rats' cerebral infarction volume, integrals of neurologic defect degree, expression of IL-1 beta content in the brain tissue and sera were observed 24 h after 2-h cerebral I/R.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the model group, integrals of neurologic defect degree were improved (P < 0.01), IL-1 beta positive cells in the brain tissue increased and serum IL-1 beta content elevated (P < 0.05), when compared with the sham-operation group. In comparison of the model group, integrals of neurologic defect degree were lowered in the medium dose and high dose ginsenoside Rb1 groups (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The cerebral infarction volume was all shrunken in each ginsenoside Rb1 group, IL-1 beta positive cells in the brain tissue decreased, and IL-1 beta content in serum reduced (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). Compared with the low dose ginsenoside Rb1 group, integrals of neurologic defect degree decreased, the cerebral infarction volume shrunken, and IL-1 beta content in serum reduced in the high dose ginsenoside Rb1 group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ginsenoside Rb1 (20, 40, 80 mg/kg) might effectively release local cerebral ischemia by down-regulating the IL-1 beta expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Brain Ischemia , Blood , Metabolism , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Blood , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287551

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of acute immobilization stress on the mRNA expression of tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) in rats' hippocampus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighteen SD rats were randomly divided into three groups, i.e., the normal control group, the model group, and the medication group, 6 in each group. The acute immobilization stress model was prepared in the model group using acute immobilization for 2 h. Ginsenoside Rb1 (40 mg/kg) was peritoneally injected to rats in the medication group 30 min before modeling, with the same procedure as those for rats in the model group. No treatment was performed to rats in the normal control group. The plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (CORT) contents were detected using ELISA. The mRNA expression of TrkB in the rats' hippocampus was detected using real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before modeling there was no statistical difference of plasma CORT or ACTH concentrations among three groups (P >0.05). The plasma CORT and ACTH concentrations increased in the model group and the medication group more significantly after modeling than before modeling, showing statistical difference (P <0.05). Besides, they were obviously higher in the model group than in the normal control group (P <0.05). They were obviously higher in the medication group than in the model control group (P <0.05). Compared with the normal control group, the mRNA expression of TrkB significantly decreased in the model group (87.73 +/- 7.62 vs 50.65 +/- 5.19, P < 0.05), showing statistical difference. The mRNA expression of TrkB was significantly higher in the medication group (78.91 +/- 18.07) than in the model group, showing statistical difference (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pretreatment by ginsenoside Rb1 could increase the plasma CORT and ACTH concentrations, maintain the mRNA expression of TrkB, thus relieving injury induced by acute immobilization stress.</p>


Subject(s)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Blood , Animals , Corticosterone , Blood , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Male , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptor, trkB , Genetics , Metabolism , Stress, Psychological , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 697-700, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280598

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of urinary kallidinogenase on subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in rabbits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rabbits symptomatic cerebral vasospasm model was built though Endo method, among the 40 rabbits, 8 died or had severe nervous system syndrome, the other 32 were randomly divided into 4 groups:group A, control group, injection of normal saline to the cisterna magna;group B, subarachnoid hemorrhage;group C, injection of human urinary tissue kallikreins;group D, treated with Nimodipine. The behavior scores, neurological scores and cerebral angiography changes were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Food intake obviously decreased and neurological deficit were seen in group B, while which were attenuated in group C and group D, and group A was normal. Comparing the diameter of basilar artery was (1.9 +/- 0.3) mm before SAH, the diameter of group B 4 d later was (1.5 +/- 0.3) mm, 7 d later (1.4 +/- 0.3) mm, the difference was significant (P < 0.05). Comparing with group C on the day 4th and 7th, the diameters of basilar artery were significantly different (P < 0.001). Comparing with group D on the day 4th, 7th and 14th, there was no obvious improvement.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Urinary kallidinogenase and Nimodipine can obviously alleviate symptomatic cerebral vasospasm in rabbits remarkably, but the former's effect of attenuating vasospasm is better than that of Nimodipine.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Humans , Male , Nimodipine , Therapeutic Uses , Rabbits , Random Allocation , Tissue Kallikreins , Therapeutic Uses , Vasodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Vasospasm, Intracranial , Drug Therapy
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315168

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES) on brain tissue oxygen and glucose metabolism of the brain tissue in peri-operative period of the craniocerebral operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty patients scheduled for neuro-surgery were randomly assigned to the treatment group and the control group equally. Anesthesia applied after induction on all patients was continuous sevoflurane inhalation and intermittent intravenous injection of sulfenany and vecurnium bromide, but to the treatment group TASE was applied additionally from 30 min before anesthesia to the end of operation. Blood samples were taken from artery and jugular venous bulb at different time points, i. e. before induction (T0) , before skin incision (T1) , at the end of operation (T2) , and 10 min after extubation (T3) , for blood-gas analysis. The difference of oxygen, glucose and lactate contents between blood samples of arterial and jugular bulb (Da-jvO2, Da-jvGlu and Da-jvLac) at respective time point were determined and calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Da-jvO2 decreased in both group at T1, T2 and T3, and all lower than that at T0 (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), but significant difference was shown in comparison of the index at T2 and T3 with the same time points in the control group in the treatment group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) , and that between groups at T2 and T3 (P < 0.01). Da-jvGlu in the treatment group decreased at T2 and T3 (P < 0.05), but keep unchanged relatively in the control group before and after anesthesia, inter-group comparison showed it was lower at T2 and T3 in the treatment group than that in the control group respectively (P < 0.05). Da-jvGlu in the treatment group at T1, T2, and T3 were all lower than that at the same time points (P < 0. 01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TAES can significantly decrease the oxygen and glucose metabolism of the brain tissue in the perioperative period of the craniocerebral operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Brain Neoplasms , Metabolism , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Female , Glucose , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Oxygen Consumption , Perioperative Care , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation , Methods , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL