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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690377

ABSTRACT

Blood stasis syndrome is the pre-state of thrombotic disease. The model of blood stasis syndrome in rats was induced by sleep deprivation to study on effects of blood stasis syndrome on platelet activation. The weight, the color of tongue and hemorheology for the blood stasis syndrome of Chinese medicine were measured after modeling. The release of platelet granules and platelet activation factors in plasma were detected by ELISA kit related indicators to provide experimental basis for platelet function evaluation and related drug effects in syndrome research. The results showed that the weight of the model group rats was significantly lower than that of the normal group (<0.01). The tongue showed a dark purple blood stasis pattern, and the R, G and B values of the tongue surface in model group were significantly lower than those of the normal group (<0.01). The hemorheological parameters including high shear, middle shear and low shear viscosity in whole blood were significantly higher than those in the normal group (<0.01). But plasma viscosity did not change significantly. The release levels of platelet α particles (GMP-140, -TG, PF4) and dense particles (ADP, 5-HT) were significantly higher than those in the normal group (<0.01). The levels of TXB₂ and 6-keto-PGF₁α in plasma were significantly higher than those in the normal group (<0.01). The ratios of TXB₂ and 6-keto-PGF₂α were also significantly higher than those in the normal group (<0.01). The levels of PAF in plasma in model group were significantly higher than those in the normal group (<0.01). It was concluded that platelet functions could be changed induced by sleep deprivationin rats with blood stasis syndrome, and there might be inflammation and endothelial cell dysfunction.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771667

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to observe the general state and changes in pathophysiological indexes of multiple cerebral infarction rat model with Qi-deficienty and Blood-stasis syndrome. Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups(with 30 in each group): the normal group, the sham group, the model group and the Yiqi Huoxue recipe group. Rats in the model group and Yiqi Huoxue group were provided with interruptable sleep deprivation for 7 days before the multiple cerebral infarction operation, and followed by another 4 weeks of sleep deprivation; rats in the Yiqi Huoxue group were intragastrically administrated with drug at a dose of 26 g·kg⁻¹, once a day for 4 weeks. The general state was observed, and the pathophysiological indexes were measured at 48 h, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after administration. The results showed that rats in the normal group and the sham group represented a good general state and behaviors, with a normal morphological structure of brain tissues; rats in the model group featured yellow fur, depression, accidie, loose stools and movement disorder, with obvious brain histomorphological damage, which became aggravated with the increase of modeling time; rats in the Yiqi Huoxue group showed release in the general state and above indexes. Compared with the sham group at three time points, rats in the model group showed decrease in body weight, exhaustive swimming time and RGB value of tongue surface image, and increase in whole blood viscosity of the shear rate under 5, 60 and 150 S⁻¹, reduction in cerebral cortex Na⁺-K⁺-ATPase, Ca²⁺-ATPase activity and contents of 5-HT, rise in TXB2 levels and decline in 6-keto-PGF1a in serum(<0.05, <0.01). Compared with the model group, rats in the Yiqi Huoxue group showed alleviations in the above indexes at 2 w and 4 w(<0.05, <0.01). The results showed that the characterization and pathophysiological indexes in the multiple cerebral infarction rat model with Qi-deficiency and blood-stasis syndrome were deteriorated; Yiqi Huoxue recipe could significantly alliviate the abnormal conditions, which suggested of the model was stable and reliable and the pathophysiologic evolutionary mechanism might be related to energy metabolism dysfunction, vasoactive substance abnormality and changes in neurotransmitters.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Energy Metabolism , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Qi , Rats , Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase , Metabolism
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258821

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence of hypertension and identify its contributory factors in the labor force population in Karamay. A total of 2819 adults (55.9% male adults) were interviewed and examined. The overall crude prevalence of hypertension was 32.4%. Among 914 hypertensive patients, 34.8% were aware of their diagnosis, 22.1% received treatment, and 5.6% achieved blood pressure control. Hypertension was significantly correlated with age, overweight/obesity, central obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia in both men and women. In addition, less education, alcohol consumption, and less walking were risk factors for men. Effective hypertension prevention and control programs are urgently needed to decrease the burden of hypertension in this region.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Employment , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Young Adult
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237731

ABSTRACT

To establish a multi-pretreatment method for the determination of aflatoxin B1, B2, G1, G2 in Chinese patent medicines, aflatoxins were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detector with post-column derivatization, after the multi-pretreatment of samples. The results showed that after the samples extracted with MeOH-H2O, dehydrated by anhydrous magnesium sulphate and sodium chloride, and finally purified by neutral alumina, the impurity interference of different sources in Chinese patent medicines matrix can be effectively removed, and the main peak can be nicely separated from the impurity peak. The detection limits were 0.25, 0.25, 0.50, 0.25 μg x L(-1) for AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2, respectively. The quantification limits were 1.00, 0.50, 1.00, 0.50 μg x L(-1), respectively. Aflatoxin B1, G1 showed a good linear relationship at a range of 1.0-50 μg x L(-1), aflatoxin B2, G2 at a range of 0.5-12.5 μg x L(-1) (R2 > 0.99). The average recovery was 80.40% - 108.6%. The present method is simple, reproducible with the reasonable recoveries and can be applied for the determination of aflatoxins in Chinese patent medicines.


Subject(s)
Aflatoxins , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Dosage Forms , Drug Contamination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294395

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze and summarize changes of syndrome-related biological indices in acute lacuna encephalon infarction patients of upper hyperactivity of Gan yang syndrome (UHGYS), thus providing objective evidence for syndrome typing and disease identification.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recruited were 50 patients at Department of Encephalopathy, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, who were in line with diagnostic criteria of UHGYS as the experimental group in this study. Another 40 healthy volunteers were recruited as the control group from May 2010 to July 2012. Blood routines (including WBC, RBC, Hb, NEUT%, and LY%), hepatic and renal functions tests (including ALT, AST, TBIL, TP, ALB, Cr, and BUN) were performed by automatic whole blood analyzer and colorimetric technique. The levels of fasting blood glucose, HbAlc, blood lipids (including TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C, and VLDL-C), and coagulation functions (including AT-III, PT, PTA, INR, TT, APTT, and FBG, reaction time), renin, angiotensin II, hs-CRP, and Hcy were also measured. The thyroid functions (including FT3, FT4, T3, T4, and TSH) were detected by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay. The levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-6 and IL-1 in serum were measured by ELISA and radioimmunoassay respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, RBC, LY%, ALT, TP, ALB, HDL-C, AT-III activities, contents of PTA and FT4 obviously decreased, TBIL, BUN, Glu, HbAlc, TSH, hs-CRP, renin, Ang II, TNF-alpha, IL-1 and IL-6 significantly increased in the experimental group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The pathological process of acute lacuna encephalon infarction patients of UHGYS was closely correlated with thyroid functions, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, the extrinsic and intrinsic coagulation systems, as well as inflammation reaction.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Infarction , Blood , Diagnosis , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Stroke, Lacunar , Blood , Diagnosis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319613

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of formula of removing both phlegm and blood stasis (TYTZ) in inhibiting the inflammatory reaction in Chinese mini-swine with coronary atherosclerosis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Totally 36 Chinese mini-swine were randomly divided to six groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Shujiangzhi group and TYTZ groups with does of 2.0, 1.0 and 0.5 g x kg(-1), and six each in every group. Except for the normal control group, all of other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 2 weeks. Interventional balloons are adopted to injure their left anterior descending artery endothelium. After the operation, they were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to prepare the coronary atherosclerosis model. In the 8th week after the operation and administration, the intravascular ultrasound was adopted to observe the coronary artery plaque burden of each group and the pathological morphology of coronary artery. Such inflammatory factors as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-6 were detected by ELISA. The expression of NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation was observed by the immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed significant increase in the coronary artery plaque burden at the end of the experiment (P < 0.01), notably abnormal structural changes in atherosclerotic vascular tissues, luminal stenosis, a large number of foam cells and inflammatory cell infiltration, remarkable growth of hs-CRP, TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels (P < 0.01). The immunohistochemical staining also showed the significant increase in the NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation of coronary artery of Chinese mini-swine in the model group. Compared with the model group, TYTZ could significantly attenuate atherosclerotic plaque burden (P < 0.01), inhibit the coronary luminal stenosis, reduce inflammatory cell infiltration, decrease such inflammatory cell factors as hs-CRP, TNF-alpha and IL-6 in serum, and inhibit the NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation of coronary artery (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TYTZ can reduce the downstream inflammatory reaction by controlling NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation, so as to inhibit the occurrence and development of coronary atherosclerotic plaque in Chinese mini-swine.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Female , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Mucous Membrane , Bodily Secretions , Swine , Swine, Miniature , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319610

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effect of formula of removing both phlegm and blood stasis (TYTZ) in improving hemorheology and blood fat of mini-swine with coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Thirty-six Chinese mini-swine were randomly divided to six groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Shujiangzhi group and TYTZ groups with doses of 2.0, 1.0 and 0.5 g x kg(-1), with six mice in each group. Except for the normal control group, all of other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 2 weeks. Interventional balloons are adopted to injure their left anterior descending artery endothelium. After the operation, they were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to prepare the coronary heart disease model of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome. In the 8th week after the operation and administration, the changes in hemorheological parameters, serum lipid level, myocardial ischemia level and range were observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed significant increase in serum TC, TG, LDL-C and VLDL-C levels (P < 0.01), whole blood viscosity under the shear rate of 5 s (-1) and 60 s (-1) (P < 0.01), and myocardial ischemia degree and range (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, TYTZ groups revealed significant decrease in myocardial ischemia degree and range (P < 0.01), serum TC, TG, LDL-C and VLDL-C levels (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01) and whole blood viscosity under the shear rate of 5 s(-1) and 60 s(-1) (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TYTZ could improve the abnormal hemorheology in Chinese mini-swine with coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome, and regulate serum lipid, with a certain efficacy for coronary heart disease of phlegm-stasis cementation syndrome.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronary Disease , Blood , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Female , Hemorheology , Lipids , Blood , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Mucous Membrane , Bodily Secretions , Swine , Swine, Miniature
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287471

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical significance of serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), and monocyte CD147 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients of damp-heat Bi-syndrome (DHBS) and of cold-damp Bi-syndrome (CDBS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 22 patients from inpatients and outpatients with RA were collected, and their peripheral blood was withdrawal. The disease activity scores [DAS28(4)] were assessed. The serum levels of MMP-3 and TIMP-1 were detected by double antibody sandwich enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) and the expression percentage of CD147 on CD14+ monocytes were detected by flow cytometry. The difference of each index between RA patients of DHBS and RA patients of CDBS was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of serum MMP-3 and the MFI of CD147 on the monocyte surface were obviously higher in RA patients of DHBS than in those of CDBS and the normal control group (P < 0.05). The concentration of serum TIMP-1 was obviously higher in RA patients of DHBS than in those of the normal control group (P < 0.05), while there was no statistical difference between the two syndrome types. The percentage of CD147 expression was obviously lower in DHBS than in those of CDBS and the normal control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Increased serum MMP-3 level of RA patients of DHBS might result in destroy of joint cartilages and sclerotin. The significant increase of MFI and decreased expression percentage of monocyte CD147 might be the results of increased disease activity of RA and monocyte migration to the synovial membrane tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood , Diagnosis , Basigin , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Blood , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Monocytes , Metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338058

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of Sailuotong capsule (Sailuotong) on learning and memory functions of multi-infarct dementia (MID) rats and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>All SD rats were divided into five groups, namely the sham operation group, the model group, the positive group, the low dosage Sailuotong-treated group and the high dosage Sailuotong-treated group. The multi-infarct dementia model was established by injecting the micro-sphere vascular occlusive agent. On the 10th day after the successful operation, the rats were administered intragastrically with distilled water, memantine hydrochloride (20 mg x kg(-1)) and Sailuotong (16.5 mg x kg(-1) and 33.0 mg x kg(-1)) once a day for 60 days respectively, in order to detect the effect of Sailuotong in different doses on the latent period and route length in Morris water maze and the activities of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and acetylcholinesterase (AchE) in brain tissues.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the sham operation rats, it had been observed that the latent period and route length of MID rats in Morris water maze were significantly increased (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and the activity of ChAT in brain tissues was significantly decreased (P < 0.05). After the intervention with Sailuotong for sixty days, the latent period and route length of MID rats in Morris water maze significantly shrank (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Additionally, Sailuotong decreased AchE activity, while increasing ChAT activity in brain tissues of MID rats (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sailuotong capsule can improve cognitive dysfunction of MID rats to some extent. Its mechanism may be related to its different regulation of activities of ChAT and AchE in brain tissues.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase , Metabolism , Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Choline O-Acetyltransferase , Metabolism , Cognition Disorders , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Dementia, Multi-Infarct , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Male , Maze Learning , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264843

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a capillary electrophoresis with field-amplified sample stacking method for the separation and determination of aconitine alkaloid in Guifudihuang pills.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>An uncoated fused-silica capillary column (50 microm x 43 cm, effective length 35 cm) was used. The running buffer was 50 mmol x L(-1) phosphate electrolyte solution (pH 4.6)-methanol (8:2). The runing voltage was 10 kV and the capillary inlet was dipped in methanol for 5 s prior to electrokinetic injection (10 kV, 40 s). The detection wavelength was 235 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>This method allowed 500 fold enrichment of aconitine alkaloid. A good linear relation was obtained in the range of 31.3-2 x 10(3) microg x L(-1) (r = 0.9996), with the detection limit of 9.4 microg x L(-1). The average recovery was 98.0% with the RSD of 2.6%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is simple, rapid and specific with high stacking efficiency; it provides a new reliable means for production and quality control of Guifudihuang pills.</p>


Subject(s)
Aconitine , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Electrophoresis, Capillary , Methods , Reproducibility of Results
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269081

ABSTRACT

The phenomenon of lexical gap, a commonly encountered problem in cross-cultural communication, often causes trouble to translation in cross-cultural communication. The author analyzes the phenomenon of lexical gap in the English translation of traditional Chinese medical terms from the viewpoint of TCM culture, and puts forward the principles for their translation, that is, equivalence translation, equivalence in meaning translation and transliteration.


Subject(s)
Information Dissemination , Methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Terminology as Topic , Translations
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