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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e210-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001109

ABSTRACT

Background@#The risk of vertebral fractures is increased in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. However, whether the severity of vertebral fractures differs between IBD patients and the general population, or between patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), is unknown. @*Methods@#We investigated risk factors associated with the occurrence and severity of vertebral fractures in IBD patients using The National Healthcare Insurance Service (NHIS) database. We defined the patients who underwent vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty after being diagnosed with a vertebral fracture as having a severe vertebral fracture than those with only diagnosis codes. @*Results@#From 2008 to 2018, there were 33,778 patients with IBD (24,370 UC patients and 9,408 CD patients) and 101,265 patients in the reference population. The incidence rate ratio of vertebral fractures in the IBD patients was 1.27 per 1,000 person-years (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26–1.27). The risk of vertebral fracture was higher in CD and UC patients than in the matched reference group (hazard ratio [HR], 1.59; 95% CI, 1.31–1.92; P < 0.001 and UC: HR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.29–1.65, P < 0.001), and long-term steroid use (CD:HR, 3.71; 95% CI, 2.84–3.37; P < 0.001 and UC: HR, 3.88; 95% CI, 3.07–4.91; P < 0.001). The severity of vertebral fractures was associated with IBD (CD: HR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.17–2.83; P = 0.008 and UC: HR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.17–1.89; P < 0.001) and older age (HR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.05–1.07; P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Vertebral fractures occur frequently and more severely in IBD patients, particularly those with CD. Therefore, we suggest monitoring of bone density, regular vitamin D supply, and reducing the use of corticosteroids to prevent vertebral fractures in IBD patients who are older, female, or have comorbidities.

2.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 96-106, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915598

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: The most common complication of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is cage subsidence and maintenance of disc height affects postoperative clinical outcomes. We considered cage subsidence as an inappropriate indicator for evaluating preservation of disc height. Thus, this study aimed to consider patients with complications such as reduced total disc height compared to that before surgery and evaluate the relevance of several factors before ACDF. @*Methods@#: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 40 patients who underwent stand-alone single-level ACDF using a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage at our institution between January 2012 and December 2018. Our study population comprised 19 male and 21 female patients aged 24–70 years. The minimum follow-up period was 1 year. Twenty-seven patients had preoperative bone mineral density (BMD) data on dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Clinical parameters included sex, age, body mass index, smoking history, and prior medical history. Radiologic parameters included the C2-7 cobb angle, segmental angle, sagittal vertical axis, disc height, and total intervertebral height (TIH) at the preoperative and postoperative periods. Cage decrement was defined as the reduction in TIH at the 6-month follow-up compared to preoperative TIH. To evaluate the bone quality, Hounsfield unit (HU) value was calculated in the axial and sagittal images of conventional computed tomography. @*Results@#: Lumbar BMD values and cervical HU values were significantly correlated (r=0.733, p<0.001). We divided the patients into two groups based on cage decrement, and 47.5% of the total patients were regarded as cage decrement. There were statistically significant differences in the parameters of measuring the HU value of the vertebra and intraoperative distraction between the two groups. Using these identified factors, we performed a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Based on the ROC curve, the cut-off point was 530 at the HU value of the upper cortical and cancellous vertebrae (p=0.014; area under the curve [AUC], 0.727; sensitivity, 94.7%; specificity, 42.9%) and 22.41 at intraoperative distraction (p=0.017; AUC, 0.722; sensitivity, 85.7%; specificity, 57.9%). Using this value, we converted these parameters into a bifurcated variable and assessed the multinomial regression analysis to evaluate the risk factors for cage decrement in ACDF. Intraoperative distraction and HU value of the upper vertebral body were independent factors of postoperative subsidence. @*Conclusion@#: Insufficient intraoperative distraction and low HU value showed a strong relationship with postoperative intervertebral height reduction following single stand-alone PEEK cage ACDF.

3.
Korean Journal of Neurotrauma ; : 277-286, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969022

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to compare the radiological and clinical outcomes of oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgeries and to confirm the effects of additional partial laminectomy on the surgical outcomes of OLIF. @*Methods@#This retrospective study included 130 patients who underwent OLIF or PLIF for single-level fusion. Among them, 42 patients underwent PLIF and open pedicle screw fixation and 88 underwent OLIF and percutaneous pedicle screw fixation. In the OLIF group, 42 patients received additional neural decompression through partial laminectomy and discectomy (direct OLIF), whereas the remaining 46 patients did not (indirect OLIF). To measure the neurological deficits, the clinical outcomes were evaluated using a visual analog scale for back and leg pain and the Oswestry Disability Index. Radiologic outcomes were evaluated based on the disc and foraminal heights as well as the segmental lordotic and lumbar lordotic angles. @*Results@#The improvement in the clinical outcomes did not differ significantly among the 3 groups. Radiologically, the 2 OLIF groups showed statistically significant improvements in the disc and foraminal heights when compared with the PLIF group. The PLIF group showed a significant decrease in the disc height and segmental lordotic angle when compared with the OLIF group in the postoperative 1-year period. @*Conclusion@#Both OLIF and PLIF showed similar clinical outcomes in the single-level lumbar fusion. However, OLIF grafts showed an advantage over PLIF with respect to the radiographic outcomes and complication rates. Additionally, partial laminectomy did not significantly affect the radiological results.

4.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 1022-1033, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966353

ABSTRACT

Lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) is an excellent treatment option for a number of lumbar diseases. LIF can be performed through posterior, transforaminal, anterior, and lateral or oblique approaches. Each technique has its own pearls and pitfalls. Through LIF, segmental stabilization, neural decompression, and deformity correction can be achieved. Minimally invasive surgery has recently gained popularity and each LIF procedure can be performed using minimally invasive techniques to reduce surgery-related complications and improve early postoperative recovery. Despite advances in surgical technology, surgery-related complications after LIF, such as pseudoarthrosis, have not yet been overcome. Although autogenous iliac crest bone graft is the gold standard for spinal fusion, other bone substitutes are available to enhance fusion rate and reduce complications associated with bone harvest. This article reviews the surgical procedures and characteristics of each LIF and the osteobiologics utilized in LIF based on the available evidence.

5.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 677-692, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892440

ABSTRACT

Many studies have focused on pre-operative sagittal alignment parameters which could predict poor clinical or radiological outcomes after laminoplasty. However, the influx of too many new factors causes confusion. This study reviewed sagittal alignment parameters, predictive of clinical or radiological outcomes, in the literature. Preoperative kyphotic alignment was initially proposed as a predictor of clinical outcomes. The clinical significance of the K-line and K-line variants also has been studied. Sagittal vertical axis, T1 slope (T1s), T1s-cervical lordosis (CL), anterolisthesis, local kyphosis, the longitudinal distance index, and range of motion were proposed to have relationships with clinical outcomes. The relationship between loss of cervical lordosis (LCL) and T1s has been widely studied, but controversy remains. Extension function, the ratio of CL to T1s (CL/T1s), and Sharma classification were recently proposed as LCL predictors. In predicting postoperative kyphosis, T1s cannot predict postoperative kyphosis, but a low CL/T1s ratio was associated with postoperative kyphosis.

6.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 447-459, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892407

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) is becoming the preferred treatment for degenerative lumbar diseases. As beginners, we performed 143 surgeries over 19 months. In these consecutive cases, we analyzed the learning curve and reviewed the complications in our experience. @*Methods@#: This was a retrospective study; however, complications that were well known in the previous literature were strictly recorded prospectively. We followed up the changes in estimated blood loss (EBL), operation time, and transient psoas paresis according to case accumulation to analyze the learning curve. @*Results@#: Complication-free patients accounted for 43.6% (12.9%, early stage 70 patients and 74.3%, late stage 70 patients). The most common complication was transient psoas paresis (n=52). Most of these complications occurred in the early stages of learning. C-reactive protein normalization was delayed in seven patients (4.89%). The operation time showed a decreasing trend with the cases; however, EBL did not show any significant change. Notable operation-induced complications were cage malposition, vertebral body fracture, injury to the ureter, and injury to the lumbar vein. @*Conclusion@#: According to the learning curve, the operation time and psoas paresis decreased. It is important to select an appropriately sized cage along with clear dissection of the anterior border of the psoas muscle to prevent OLIF-specific complications.

7.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 677-692, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900144

ABSTRACT

Many studies have focused on pre-operative sagittal alignment parameters which could predict poor clinical or radiological outcomes after laminoplasty. However, the influx of too many new factors causes confusion. This study reviewed sagittal alignment parameters, predictive of clinical or radiological outcomes, in the literature. Preoperative kyphotic alignment was initially proposed as a predictor of clinical outcomes. The clinical significance of the K-line and K-line variants also has been studied. Sagittal vertical axis, T1 slope (T1s), T1s-cervical lordosis (CL), anterolisthesis, local kyphosis, the longitudinal distance index, and range of motion were proposed to have relationships with clinical outcomes. The relationship between loss of cervical lordosis (LCL) and T1s has been widely studied, but controversy remains. Extension function, the ratio of CL to T1s (CL/T1s), and Sharma classification were recently proposed as LCL predictors. In predicting postoperative kyphosis, T1s cannot predict postoperative kyphosis, but a low CL/T1s ratio was associated with postoperative kyphosis.

8.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 447-459, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900111

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) is becoming the preferred treatment for degenerative lumbar diseases. As beginners, we performed 143 surgeries over 19 months. In these consecutive cases, we analyzed the learning curve and reviewed the complications in our experience. @*Methods@#: This was a retrospective study; however, complications that were well known in the previous literature were strictly recorded prospectively. We followed up the changes in estimated blood loss (EBL), operation time, and transient psoas paresis according to case accumulation to analyze the learning curve. @*Results@#: Complication-free patients accounted for 43.6% (12.9%, early stage 70 patients and 74.3%, late stage 70 patients). The most common complication was transient psoas paresis (n=52). Most of these complications occurred in the early stages of learning. C-reactive protein normalization was delayed in seven patients (4.89%). The operation time showed a decreasing trend with the cases; however, EBL did not show any significant change. Notable operation-induced complications were cage malposition, vertebral body fracture, injury to the ureter, and injury to the lumbar vein. @*Conclusion@#: According to the learning curve, the operation time and psoas paresis decreased. It is important to select an appropriately sized cage along with clear dissection of the anterior border of the psoas muscle to prevent OLIF-specific complications.

9.
Korean Journal of Neurotrauma ; : 226-234, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918002

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Recently, many studies have reported that cervical alignment is related to clinical outcomes. However, poor visibility of anatomical structures during X-ray (XR) imaging limits accurate measurements. In supine magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, the boundary of the anatomical structure is clear, but the correlation to XR images taken in a standing position is problematic. In this study, we evaluated the agreement of sagittal alignment parameters between MR and XR measurements. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 268 patients. Cervical sagittal parameters were measured using XR and MR images, and their relationships were evaluated using Pearson's correlation, paired t-tests, and 2-way random, single score intraclass correlation coefficient (ICCs) (2,1). Using simple linear regression analysis, MR results were converted to the expected value (MR-E). The subsequent comparison of MR-Es with XRs was used to examine whether MR-Es could replace XRs when the measurement difference was less than 2 mm or 2°. @*Results@#The correlation between the MR and XR measurements was high, but ICCs showed low reliability. All parameters were significantly different between XR and MR measurements in paired t-tests. Converting the MR values eliminated the t-test differences between MR-Es and XRs, but did not affect correlations and ICCs. The replacement ratio included the Cobb angle: 20.3%, T1: 27.1%, the sagittal vertical axis: 17.6%, C1–2: 29.7%, and C2: 16.0%. @*Conclusion@#These results indicate that supine MR measurements could not replace upright XR measurements.

10.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 237-247, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833441

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: Fixation of the C1–2 segment is challenging because of the complex anatomy in the region and the need for a high degree of accuracy to avoid complications. Preoperative 3D-computed tomography (CT) scans can help reduce the risk of complications in the vertebral artery, spinal cord, and nerve roots. However, the patient may be susceptible to injury if the patient’s anatomy does not match the preoperative CT scans. The intraoperative 3D image-based navigation systems have reduced complications in instrument-assisted techniques due to greater accuracy. This study aimed to compare the radiologic outcomes of C1–2 fusion surgery between intraoperative CT image-guided operation and fluoroscopy-guided operation. @*Methods@#: We retrospectively reviewed the radiologic images of 34 patients who underwent C1–2 fusion spine surgery from January 2009 to November 2018 at our hospital. We assessed 17 cases each of degenerative cervical disease and trauma in a study population of 18 males and 16 females. The mean age was 54.8 years. A total of 139 screws were used and the surgical procedures included 68 screws in the C1 lateral mass, 58 screws in C2 pedicle, nine screws in C2 lamina and C2 pars screws, four lateral mass screws in sub-axial level. Of the 34 patients, 19 patients underwent screw insertion using intraoperative mobile CT. Other patients underwent atlantoaxial fusion with a standard fluoroscopy-guided device. @*Results@#: A total of 139 screws were correctly positioned. We analyzed the positions of 135 screws except for the four screws that performed the lateral mass screws in C3 vertebra. Minor screw penetration was observed in seven cases (5.2%), and major pedicle screw penetration was observed in three cases (2.2%). In one case, the malposition of a C2 pedicle screw was confirmed, which was subsequently corrected. There were no complications regarding vertebral artery injury or onset of new neurologic deficits. The screw malposition rate was lower (5.3%) in patients who underwent intraoperative CT-based navigation than that for fluoroscopy-guided cases (10.2%). And we confirmed that the operation time can be significantly reduced by surgery using intraoperative O-arm device. @*Conclusion@#: Spinal navigation using intraoperative cone-beam CT scans is reliable for posterior fixation in unstable C1-2 pathologies and can be reduced the operative time.

11.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 450-457, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788788

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is commonly used surgical procedure for cervical degenerative disease. Among the various intervertebral spacers, the use of allografts is increasing due to its advantages such as no harvest site complications and low rate of subsidence. Although subsidence is a rare complication, graft collapse is often observed in the follow-up period. Graft collapse is defined as a significant graft height loss without subsidence, which can lead to clinical deterioration due to foraminal re-stenosis or segmental kyphosis. However, studies about the collapse of allografts are very limited. In this study, we evaluated risk factors associated with graft collapse.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 33 patients who underwent two level ACDF with anterior plating using allogenous bone graft from January 2013 to June 2017. Various factors related to cervical sagittal alignment were measured preoperatively (PRE), postoperatively (POST), and last follow-up. The collapse was defined as the ratio of decrement from POST disc height to follow-up disc height. We also defined significant collapses as disc heights that were decreased by 30% or more after surgery. The intraoperative distraction was defined as the ratio of increment from PRE disc height to POST disc height.RESULTS: The subsidence rate was 4.5% and graft collapse rate was 28.8%. The pseudarthrosis rate was 16.7% and there was no association between pseudarthrosis and graft collapse. Among the collapse-related risk factors, pre-operative segmental angle (p=0.047) and intra-operative distraction (p=0.003) were significantly related to allograft collapse. The cut-off value of intraoperative distraction ≥37.3% was significantly associated with collapse (p=0.009; odds ratio, 4.622; 95% confidence interval, 1.470-14.531). The average time of events were as follows: collapse, 5.8±5.7 months; subsidence, 0.99±0.50 months; and instrument failure, 9.13±0.50 months.CONCLUSION: We experienced a higher frequency rate of collapse than subsidence in ACDF using an allograft. Of the various pre-operative factors, intra-operative distraction was the most predictable factor of the allograft collapse. This was especially true when the intraoperative distraction was more than 37%, in which case the occurrence of graft collapse increased 4.6 times. We also found that instrument failure occurs only after the allograft collapse.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Allografts , Cervical Vertebrae , Diskectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Kyphosis , Odds Ratio , Prosthesis Failure , Pseudarthrosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Spinal Fusion , Transplants
12.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 450-457, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765361

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is commonly used surgical procedure for cervical degenerative disease. Among the various intervertebral spacers, the use of allografts is increasing due to its advantages such as no harvest site complications and low rate of subsidence. Although subsidence is a rare complication, graft collapse is often observed in the follow-up period. Graft collapse is defined as a significant graft height loss without subsidence, which can lead to clinical deterioration due to foraminal re-stenosis or segmental kyphosis. However, studies about the collapse of allografts are very limited. In this study, we evaluated risk factors associated with graft collapse. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 33 patients who underwent two level ACDF with anterior plating using allogenous bone graft from January 2013 to June 2017. Various factors related to cervical sagittal alignment were measured preoperatively (PRE), postoperatively (POST), and last follow-up. The collapse was defined as the ratio of decrement from POST disc height to follow-up disc height. We also defined significant collapses as disc heights that were decreased by 30% or more after surgery. The intraoperative distraction was defined as the ratio of increment from PRE disc height to POST disc height. RESULTS: The subsidence rate was 4.5% and graft collapse rate was 28.8%. The pseudarthrosis rate was 16.7% and there was no association between pseudarthrosis and graft collapse. Among the collapse-related risk factors, pre-operative segmental angle (p=0.047) and intra-operative distraction (p=0.003) were significantly related to allograft collapse. The cut-off value of intraoperative distraction ≥37.3% was significantly associated with collapse (p=0.009; odds ratio, 4.622; 95% confidence interval, 1.470-14.531). The average time of events were as follows: collapse, 5.8±5.7 months; subsidence, 0.99±0.50 months; and instrument failure, 9.13±0.50 months. CONCLUSION: We experienced a higher frequency rate of collapse than subsidence in ACDF using an allograft. Of the various pre-operative factors, intra-operative distraction was the most predictable factor of the allograft collapse. This was especially true when the intraoperative distraction was more than 37%, in which case the occurrence of graft collapse increased 4.6 times. We also found that instrument failure occurs only after the allograft collapse.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Allografts , Cervical Vertebrae , Diskectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Kyphosis , Odds Ratio , Prosthesis Failure , Pseudarthrosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Spinal Fusion , Transplants
13.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 133-140, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770048

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined the radiological and clinical outcomes of tibiotalocacalcaneal arthrodesis using retrograde intramedullary nailing in a severe hindfoot deformity and ankle/subtalar arthritis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 22 patients (22 cases) with a severe hindfoot deformity and arthritis underwent tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis with retrograde intramedullary nails. The average age was 57.4 years (22–82 years) and the mean follow-up was 29.6 months (12–74 months). The radiological outcomes included an assessment of the preoperative and postoperative coronal ankle alignment, hindfoot alignment, sagittal alignment, and postoperative union time. The clinical outcomes were evaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, and postoperative complications. The results were analyzed statistically by dividing the patients into two groups based on a 10° angle of deformity. RESULTS: Regarding the preoperative coronal ankle alignment, 14 patients had a mean varus deformity of 17.8°±14.5° and six had a mean valgus deformity of 8.1°±6.6°. Postoperatively, a satisfactory postoperative coronal ankle alignment of less than 5° was obtained in all patients. Regarding the preoperative hindfoot alignment, 12 patients showed a mean varus deformity of 15.2°±10.5° and six had a mean valgus deformity of 8.1°±4.2°. In total, 94.4% (17 patients) had satisfactory postoperative hindfoot alignment of less than 5°. Radiological union was achieved in 90.9% at an average of 19.2 weeks (12–32 weeks) and there were 2 cases of nonunion. The clinical outcomes showed improvement in the mean VAS and AOFAS scores (p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively). Even a preoperative severe deformity more than 10° showed a significant deformity correction of coronal ankle alignment and hindfoot alignment, postoperatively (p<0.001, p<0.001, respectively). No significant differences were found between the patients with a preoperative coronal ankle deformity more than 10° and those less than 10° regarding the mean postoperative coronal ankle alignment (p=0.162). CONCLUSION: Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using retrograde intramedullary nailing is an acceptable technique for achieving satisfactory deformity correction, high union rate with minimal complications, and improvement of the clinical outcomes. In addition, tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using retrograde intramedullary nailing is considered an effective treatment option, particularly in severe ankle and hindfoot deformities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle , Arthritis , Arthrodesis , Congenital Abnormalities , Follow-Up Studies , Foot , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Postoperative Complications
14.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 141-149, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770047

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the results of two different instruments made of stainless steel and titanium alloy for correction of single thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using pedicle screw instrumentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 141 patients with single thoracic AIS treated with pedicle screw instrumentation and selective thoracic fusion were retrospectively reviewed after a follow-up of 2 years. The patients had a main thoracic curve of 40° to 75° and were divided into two groups based on instrument materials; S group (stainless steel, n=90) and T group (titanium alloy, n=51). The diameter of the stainless steel rod used was 7.0 mm while that of the titanium alloy rod was 6.35 mm or 6.0 mm. Standing long-cassette radiographic measurements including various coronal and sagittal parameters for the preoperative, early postoperative and 2-year postoperative follow-up were analyzed. There were no significant differences in the preoperative curve characteristics between the two groups. RESULTS: In the S group, the preoperative main thoracic curve of 51.3°±8.4° was improved to 19.0°±7.6° (63.1% correction) and the lumbar curve of 32.3°±8.4° spontaneously decreased to 12.7°±8.2° (62.9% correction) at 2 years postoperatively. In the T group, the preoperative main thoracic curve of 49.5°±8.4° and the lumbar curve of 30.3°±8.9° was improved to 18.8°±7.4° (62.2% correction) and 11.3°±5.4° (63.3% correction), respectively. The corrections of coronal curves were not statistically different between the two groups (p>0.05). The thoracic kyphosis was changed from 16.8°±8.5° to 24.3°±6.1° in the S group and from 19.6°±11.2° to 26.6°±8.5° in the T group. There were no significant differences in the changes of sagittal curves, coronal and sagittal balances at the 2-year follow-up and the number of fused segments and used screws between the two groups (p>0.05). CONCLUSION: When conducting surgery for single thoracic AIS using pedicles screw instrumentation, two different instruments made of stainless steel and titanium alloy showed similar corrections for coronal and sagittal curves.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Alloys , Follow-Up Studies , Kyphosis , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis , Stainless Steel , Steel , Titanium
15.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 262-268, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766797

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to quantify the sleep behavior of Korean high-school students and its relationship with academic performance. METHODS: Sleep surveys were completed by high-school students in Daegu, South Korea during September 2017. The questionnaires investigated factors such as sleep quality, sleep and wake schedules, nighttime smartphone use, and scores on a five-level grading scale pertaining to academic performance (A, 1–20%; B, 21–40%; C, 41–60%; D, 61–80%; E, 81–100%). The chi-squared test, independent t-test, analysis of variance, and regression analysis were used to analyze the results. RESULTS: The questionnaires were completed by 691 high-school students consisting of 279 (40.4%) boys and 412 (59.6%) girls. Poor sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI] ≥8.5) was identified in 111 (16.1%) students, and depressed mood (Hospital Depression Scale score ≥8) was identified in 254 (36.8%). Students with better academic performance tended to have lower PSQIs (A, 5.29±2.58; B, 5.41±2.98; C, 6.00±2.65; and D/E, 6.15±2.97), and the morningness-eveningness questionnaire scores were significantly higher in A-level students than in D- and E-level students. Regression analysis showed that leaving school early each day and greater nighttime smartphone use were significantly associated with worse academic performance in high-school students. CONCLUSIONS: This study found a close relationship between the sleep behavior of students and their academic performance. Students with better sleep quality, morningness, and less nighttime smartphone use tended to perform better academically. Lifestyle modification should be considered as an important factor for improving academic performance.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Appointments and Schedules , Depression , Korea , Life Style , Smartphone
16.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 256-258, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738860

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Brain , Neuroimaging , Neuromyelitis Optica
17.
Korean Journal of Neurotrauma ; : 150-158, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759996

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Several studies have reported that patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are vulnerable to infection. However, the mechanism underlying this remains unclear. We hypothesized that preoperative blood glucose levels in patients with DM may be a risk factor for surgical site infection (SSI). We aimed to investigate the relationship between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level and SSI incidence following single-level spinal fusion surgery. METHODS: Patients with DM who underwent single-level lumbar posterior fusion surgery were retrospectively reviewed. Ninety-two patients were included and classified into the SSI and SSI-free groups. Clinical data with demographic findings were obtained and compared. The HbA1c cut-off value was defined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and area under the curve (AUC) analyses, which showed a significantly increased SSI risk. Potential variables were verified using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Among the enrolled patients, 24 had SSI and 68 did not within 1 year. The preoperative HbA1c level was higher in patients with SSI (6.8%) than in the non-infected patients (6.0%; p=0.008). ROC analysis showed that if the HbA1c level is higher than 6.9%, the risk of SSI significantly increases (p=0.003; AUC, 0.708; sensitivity, 62.5%; specificity, 70.6%). The preoperative HbA1c level was significantly correlated with SSI incidence, after adjusting for potential variables (p=0.008; odds ratio, 4.500; 95% confidence interval, 1.486–13.624). CONCLUSION: The HbA1c level, indicating glycemic control, in patients with DM may be a risk factor for SSI in single-level lumbar spine posterior fusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus , Glycated Hemoglobin , Incidence , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Surgical Wound Infection
18.
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow ; : 216-219, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Progression of the tear size and erosion of the greater tuberosity (femoralization) in the supraspinatus tear makes it difficult to repair or increases the risk of a re-tear. This study examined the proximal articular surface and greater tuberosity of the humeral head in plain radiography.@*METHODS@#Two-hundred forty-seven cases, whose anteroposterior (AP) radiographs were taken correctly, were included from 288 cases, in whom the status of the supraspinatus had been confirmed by surgery. After downloading the plain AP radiograph as DICOM, the radius of the circle apposed at the superior half of the articular surface of the head, and the distance between the circle and the farthest point of the greater tuberosity (‘height’ of the greater tuberosity) were calculated using the software (TechHime, Korea). MRI checked the number of torn tendons and degree of muscular atrophy.@*RESULTS@#The following were encountered: 93 intact supraspinatus, 50 partial-thickness tears, and 104 full-thickness tears. In the analysis using the 93 intact cases, the average radius of the rotation center was 25.3 mm in male and 22.3 mm in female. The average height of the greater tuberosity from the circle with the same rotation center was 4.3 mm in male and 4.2 mm in female with no statistical significance. The correlation between the reparability of supraspinatus and height of the greater tuberosity, fatty infiltration, and muscular atrophy was confirmed.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The height of the greater tuberosity from the circle with the same rotation center was 4.3 mm in male and 4.2 mm in female. This height was strongly correlated with muscular atrophy and fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus tendon.

19.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 205-209, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716890

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To examine the factors which affect the improvement or the recurrence of disease after intralesional steroid injection in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP). METHODS: Sixty-two patients diagnosed as OLP were treated with intralesion corticosteroid injection. To evaluate the objective severity of OLP, total severity score of OLP was assessed. To examine the factors affecting the therapeutic effect of intralesional steroid injection, factors were compared between the symptom-improved group and symptom-not-improved group. To assess the symptom of patients, patients filled in 10-cm visual analogue scale, along with an Oral Health Impact Profile-14. RESULTS: Symptoms improved in 50 patients (80.6%, symptom-improved group), but not in 12 patients (symptom-not-improved group). In a comparison between both group, OLP with lip involvement was the only variable which showed significant difference (P=0.008). Twenty-nine of 50 patients had recurrence of OLP (58%, recurrence group) and 21 of 50 patients did not have recurrence (42%, no-recurrence group). Statistically significant differences were not found between both groups. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that patients suffering from OLP with lesion on the lip might not be effective in treating with intralesional corticosteroid injection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral , Lip , Oral Health , Recurrence
20.
Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery ; : 133-139, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765608

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: To report 2 cases of acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome due to weightlifting. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome is very rare, but it causes muscle necrosis and acute renal failure. Therefore, it should be treated immediately. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 31-year-old male patient and a 30-year-old male patient visited the emergency room due to severe back pain. The left paraspinal compartment pressure of the 31-year-old patient was measured as 35 mm Hg using the Whitesides technique. The paraspinal compartment pressure of the 30-year-old patient was measured as 22 mm Hg on the left side and 30 mm Hg on the right side. We diagnosed acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome and performed a fasciotomy. This study received Institutional Review Board approval (ID: SC18ZESE0032). RESULTS: Lab findings improved after fasciotomy. The operative wounds healed after fasciocutaneous flap placement. CONCLUSIONS: Acute lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome is very rare, but should be considered in patients with severe back pain.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Acute Kidney Injury , Back Pain , Compartment Syndromes , Emergency Service, Hospital , Ethics Committees, Research , Necrosis , Rhabdomyolysis , Wounds and Injuries
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