Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 11 de 11
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906192

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants have a long history and play an important role in the prevention and treatment of human diseases. However, the interaction between bioactive components and specific biological targets in many medicinal plants is still unclear. Conventional separation and activity evaluation model of chemical constituents from natural products was time-consuming and laborious, and cannot truly reflect the interaction between the natural conformation of compounds and receptors, so these methods could not meet the urgent needs of modern drug development. Affinity ultrafiltration coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (AUF-LC/MS) is a rapid, efficient and precise method focused on identification of bio-components from natural products, it can make up for many shortcomings found in conventional discovery of bio-constituents. However, AUF-LC/MS technology also has some drawbacks in experiments. In this paper, the principle, characteristics and application of AUF-LC/MS in the screening of active ingredients from medicinal plants are systematically reviewed, and its development prospect is prospected, so as to provide scientific basis for rapid and targeted screening of active components from medicinal plants.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906001

ABSTRACT

Objective:To rapidly identify the chemical constituents of Chaishi Tuire granules by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray/quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Method:Chromatographic separation was conducted on a Phenomenex<sup>®</sup> Luna omega C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.6 μm) with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) as the mobile phases for gradient elution (0-20 min, 5%-40%B; 20-40 min, 40%-95%B; 40-43 min, 95%B), the flow rate was set at 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. MS data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, the scanning range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 150-1 500 and electrospray ionization (ESI) was employed. The chemical constituents of Chaishi Tuire granules were identified by comparing with the retention time and the mass data of the reference substances, as well as the accurate mass, MS/MS fragment ions, mass spectrometry databases (PubChem, MassBank, ChemicalBook and others) and related literature. Result:A total of 85 chemical constituents were identified, including 28 flavonoids, 24 phenylpropanoids, 11 terpenoids, 10 alkaloids, 4 quinones, and 8 others. Among them, 19 constituents derived from Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, 14 constituents derived from Scutellariae Radix, 10 constituents derived from Isatidis Radix, 9 constituents derived from Taraxaci Herba, 9 constituents derived from Forsythiae Fructus, 4 constituents derived from Bupleuri Radix, 4 constituents derived from Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, and 4 constituents derived from Rhei Radix et Rhizoma. Conclusion:Chaishi Tuire granules is rich in phytochemicals, which are derived from many of traditional Chinese medicines. This study can lay a foundation for the quality control, material basis and <italic>in vivo</italic> metabolic analysis of this preparation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846218

ABSTRACT

Lagopsis supina has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Tibetan medicine and Mongolian medicine for centuries in China. In this paper, we compared the same and differences of L. supina used in TCM, Tibetan medicine and Mongolian medicine, including the medicinal theories, functions and indications, prescriptions, processing methods. Furthermore, we summarized the modern research and application of L. supina from literatures. This paper provided the foundation for the clinical applications, quality control, comprehensive utilization and further development of L. supina.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773717

ABSTRACT

Phytochemical investigation of the flowers of Hosta plantaginea led to isolate of one new flavonoid glycoside,plantanone C( 1) by silica gel,Sephadex LH-20,and RP-HPLC column chromatographies. Its structure was extensively determined on basis of HR-ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopic data. Compound 1 exhibited moderate antioxidant activity against DPPH radical scavenging activity,with an IC50 value of 240. 2 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Flavonoids , Flowers , Chemistry , Glycosides , Hosta , Chemistry
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 452-454, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812743

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the clinical diagnosis and treatment of seminal vesicle cyst (SVC) associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis (Zinner syndrome) in order to promote the understanding of the disease.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data about 1 case ofZinner syndrome diagnosed and treated in our hospital and reviewed the literature related to this disease in domestic and foreign authoritative databases.@*RESULTS@#The patient was a 23-year-old male, diagnosed with Zinner syndrome, treated bytransrectal aspiration of SVC, and discharged from hospital 3 days postoperatively. Follow-upat 6 months after discharge found that the patient no longer felt perineal discomfort in the endstage of urination, but transrectal ultrasonography of the prostate revealedthe samevolume of fluid in the left seminal vesicles as before,which indicated recurrence.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SVC associated with ipsilateral renal agenesis can be considered asZinner syndrome. Transrectal aspiration of SVCcan relieve the local symptoms of the patient but relapse may easilyoccur. Therefore it is not recommended as the first-choice treatment of the disease.


Subject(s)
Cysts , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Genital Diseases, Male , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Perineum , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seminal Vesicles , Diagnostic Imaging , Solitary Kidney , Syndrome , Ultrasonography , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853142

ABSTRACT

The medicinal parts of Hosta plantaginea includes the whole plant, roots, stems, and flowers with a long history used as traditional folk herbal medicine. It has been commonly used for hundreds of years in Mongolia solely or in complex preparation for the treatment of sore throat and other diseases. However, there are few non-systemic studies on anti-inflammatory material basis, mechanisms, and quality control of H. plantaginea so far as well. The crude extracts or pure compounds from H. plantaginea showed anti-inflammatory, analgesic, cytotoxic, anti-microbial, anti-viral, anti-AchE activities, etc. In addition, previous phytochemical studies on H. plantaginea have indicated that steroids, alkaloids, and flavonoids are the major constituents in this plant. In this paper, we have systematically summarized and analyzed the chemical constituents, pharmacological activities, clinical application, and quality control of folk medicine H. plantaginea, which provides the foundation for the rational use and comprehensive development of H. plantaginea.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246084

ABSTRACT

In this paper, an analysis was made on the varieties and standards of labiatae medicinal plants used in Tibetan medicine. The results showed 71 species of labiatae plants in 21 genera (including varieties) recorded in relevant literatures, involving 44 varieties of medicinal materials. Specifically, seven species (9.9%) were intersected with traditional Chinese medicines (TCM), 19 varieties (43%) were recorded in Chinese medicinal material standards at all levels, and 27 species (38%) were source plants. In Tibetan medicine standards and literatures, there are great differences between Tibetan names and translated Chinese names and among varieties of source plants. Apart from a few of varieties intersected with traditional Chinese medicines had complete standards and regulations in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, most of species only had characters, microscopic, physical and chemical identifications in Standards Issued by Ministry of Health-Tibetan Medicine, Tibetan Medicine Standard and local standards. Therefore, the Tibetan medicinal material variety-source specification and quality standard system shall be promoted on the basis of literatures research, investigations for resources and current applications and modern pharmaceutical studies.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Classification , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reference Standards , Phytotherapy , Reference Standards , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237708

ABSTRACT

Two new polyesters, talapolyesters G-H (1-2) were isolated from the wetland soil-derived fungus Talaromyces flavus BYD07-13, and their structures were determined by NMR and MS spectroscopic data. The absolute configurations of the residues were determined by alkaline hydrolysis. The cytotoxicity against five tumor cell lines (HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7 and SW480) of 1-2 was examined.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Molecular Structure , Polyesters , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Talaromyces , Chemistry , Wetlands
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237688

ABSTRACT

This paper is in order to discussion with the composition and characteristics of Tibetan medicine plant resources, and promote the reasonable protection and utilization of the resources of Tibetan materia medica. Statistical analysis of species, distributions, and others of Chinese endemic seed plant from Tibetan medicine plants and usually used in the clinic of Tibetan medicine. The results showed that there are 523 species (25%) of Chinese endemic seed plant, belonging to 65 families and 162 genera, in about 2 000 varieties of Tibetan medicine plants recorded in relevant literatures. There are 180 Chinese endemic seed plant species (28%) belonging to 42 families and 72 genera from 625 medicine plants usually used in the clinic of Tibetan medicine. Specifically, the most of these Chinese endemic seed plant species are characteristic crude drug used in Tibetan medicine, and mainly or only distributed in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. And a few species of them were intersected with traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) and other ethnic medicines. In addition, about 10% are listed in China Species Red List. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is the most abundant areas of Areal-types of the Chinese endemic seed plant. This is the biological and ecological reason formation the characteristics of Tibetan medicine plant resources. Therefore, strengthen the research of Chinese endemic seed plants used in Tibetan medicine is great significance for the reasonable protection and utilization of Tibetan medicine plant resources.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Seeds , Chemistry , Classification , Tibet
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236022

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the domestic varieties and quality standard of Leguminosae medicinal plants used in Tibetan medicine were analyzed. The results showed that there were 36 genera and 142 species (including varieties), as well as 64 medicinal materials varieties of Leguminosae plants were recorded in relevant literatures. In relevant Tibetan standards and literatures, there are great differences in varieties, sources, used parts, and efficacy of medicinal plants. Among them, about 38.0% (including 54 species) of the endemic plants, about 25.4% (including 36 species) of the original plants have medicinal standard legal records, except 9 kinds of traditional Chinese medicine general quality standard more fairly completed, the most varieties have only description about characters, identification, etc. Therefore it is necessary to reinforce study for the herbal textual, resources and the use present situation, chemical components and biological activity, quality standard, medicinal terms specification, to promote establishment of quality standard system for variety-terminologies-sources of Tibetan medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Fabaceae , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reference Standards
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250432

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the popular domestic varieties and quality standard of Scrophulariaceae plants used in Tibetan medicine were analyzed. The results showed that there were 11 genera and 99 species (including varieties), as well as 28 medicinal materials varieties of Scrophulariaceae plants were recorded in the relevant literatures. In relevant Tibetan standards arid literatures, there are great differences in varieties, sources, parts, and efficacies of medicinal plant. Among them, about 41.4% (including 41 species) of endemic plants, about 15.2% (including 15 species) of the original plants have medicinal standard legal records, except the medicinal materials of Scrophalaria ningpoensis, Lagotis brevituba, Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora, Veronica eriogyne general, most varieties have not completed quality standard. Consequently it is necessary to reinforce the herbal textual, resources and the use present situation investigation, the effects of the species resources material foundation and biological activity, quality standard, specification the medical terms of the plants, and promote Tibetan medicinal vareties-terminologies-sources such as the criterion and quality standard system for enriching the varieties of Tibetan medicinal materials and Chinese medicinal resources.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reference Standards , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Classification , Scrophulariaceae , Chemistry , Classification
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL