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1.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 202-213, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002869

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This prospective clinical study was conducted to evaluate the clinical usefulness of the freely detachable zirconia ball- and spring-retained implant prosthesis (BSRP) through a comparative analysis of screw- and cement-retained implant prosthesis (SCRP). @*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#A multi-center, randomized, prospective clinical study evaluating the clinical usefulness of the detachable zirconia ball- and spring-retained implant prostheses was conducted. Sixty-four implant prostheses in 64 patients were examined. Periodic observational studies were conducted at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months after delivery of the implant prosthesis. Factors such as implant success rate, marginal bone resorption, periodontal pocket depth, plaque and bleeding index, and prosthetic complications were evaluated, respectively. @*RESULTS@#During the 1-year observation period, all implants survived without functional problems and clinical mobility, showing a 100% implant success rate. Marginal bone resorption was significantly higher in the SCRP group than in the BSRP group only at the time of implant prosthesis delivery (P = .043). In all observation periods, periodontal pocket depth was slightly higher in the BSRP group than in the SCRP group, but there was no significant difference (P > .05). The modified plaque index (mPI) scores of both groups were moderate. Higher ratio of a score 2 in modified sulcus bleeding index (mBI) was observed in the BSRP group in the 6- and 12-months observation. @*CONCLUSION@#Within the limitations of this study, the newly developed zirconia ball- and spring-retained implant prosthesis could be considered as an applicable and predictable treatment method along with the existing screw- and cement-retained prosthesis.

2.
Journal of Korean Dental Science ; : 61-67, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938005

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of bite registration using intraoral scanner based on data trimming strategy for fremitus teeth. @*Materials and Methods@#A reference model was designed by Medit Model Builder software (MEDIT Corp., Seoul). Tooth number 24 and 25 were separated as dies and tooth number 26 was prepared for full-coverage crown. Those were printed using a 3D printer (NextDent 5100). The scanning procedure was performed by a single trained operator with one intraoral scanner (i700; MEDIT Corp.). The scanning groups were divided as follows: group 1 (G1), no fremitus; group 2 (G2), 0.5 mm buccal fremitus in the maxillary left first and second premolar; and group 3 (G3), 1.5 mm buccal fremitus in the maxillary left first and second premolar. Each group was scanned 10 times and were analyzed using the reference model data. Surface-based occlusal clearance was analyzed at the prepared tooth to evaluate accuracy.Result: Mean values of control group (G1) were 1.587±0.021 mm. G2 showed similar values to those from the control group (1.580±0.024 mm before trimming strategy and 1.588±0.052 mm after trimming strategy). G3 showed significantly greater values (1.627±0.025 mm before trimming strategy and 1.590±0.024 mm after trimming strategy) and the differences were found between trimming strategy (P=0.004). @*Conclusion@#Bite trimming strategy for fremitus teeth is a reliable technique to reduce inaccuracies caused by the mobility at maximum intercuspation.

3.
Journal of Korean Dental Science ; : 9-18, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938001

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether three-dimensional (3D)-printed flexible denture resin has suitable mechanical properties for use as a thermoplastic denture base resin material. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 96 specimens were prepared using the 3D printed flexible denture resin (Flexible Denture). Specimens were designed in CAD software (Tinkercad) and printed through a digital light-processing 3D printer (Asiga MAX UV). Post-polymerization process was conducted according to air exposure or glycerin immersion at 35°C or 60°C and for 30 or 60 minutes. The maximum flexural strength, elastic modulus, 0.2% offset yield strength, and Vickers hardness of 3D-printed flexible denture resin were assessed.Result: The maximum flexural strength ranged from 64.46±2.03 to 84.25±4.32 MPa, the 0.2% offset yield strength ranged from 35.28±1.05 to 46.13±2.33 MPa, the elastic modulus ranged from 1,764.70±64.66 to 2,179.16±140.01 MPa, and the Vickers hardness ranged from 7.01±0.40 to 11.45±0.69 kg/mm2 . @*Conclusion@#Within the limits of the present study, the maximum flexural strength, 0.2% offset yield strength, elastic modulus, and Vickers hardness are sufficient for clinical use under the post-polymerization conditions of 60°C at 60 minutes with or without glycerin precipitation.

4.
Journal of Korean Dental Science ; : 43-51, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899656

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The practical examination portion of the National Dental Licensing Examination (NDLE) is slated to be administered in the latter half of 2021 in the form of a clinical performance examination that comprehensively evaluates the patient-dentist interaction using standardized patients (SPs). The SPs should be equipped with the basic qualities and capacity as evaluators for a fair and reliable administration of the test. @*Materials and Methods@#In this study, we analyzed the existing training materials for SPs who participated in domestic and overseas practical tests for the development of training materials for SPs through seminars and surveys of 11 dentistry schools and colleges.Result: First, SPs should be selected according to the basic quality criteria and capacity, which they must possess, and the preliminary basic training about the details which they must have knowledge of and be provided through videorecorded cases before the implementation of the preliminary field training. Second, the roles of SPs and the calibration process of the evaluation result forms are needed when conducting the preliminary field training for SPs. After watching video-recorded scenario cases, the SPs participate in discussions about the watched videos before proceeding to calibration practices of evaluation result forms. Third, because the Type A questionnaire of the practical examination of the NDLE is dependent on the SPs’ capacity and training, the fairness of the practical test is largely dependent on the SPs. Therefore, practicing the roles as evaluators and evaluation training should be provided using practical test items that can improve the reliability of the test and show a high level of reproducibility about the same case. @*Conclusion@#The findings of this study will be utilized for the development of training materials for SPs, so they can participate in the administration of a fair and reliable practical examination of the NDLE.

5.
Journal of Korean Dental Science ; : 43-51, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891952

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The practical examination portion of the National Dental Licensing Examination (NDLE) is slated to be administered in the latter half of 2021 in the form of a clinical performance examination that comprehensively evaluates the patient-dentist interaction using standardized patients (SPs). The SPs should be equipped with the basic qualities and capacity as evaluators for a fair and reliable administration of the test. @*Materials and Methods@#In this study, we analyzed the existing training materials for SPs who participated in domestic and overseas practical tests for the development of training materials for SPs through seminars and surveys of 11 dentistry schools and colleges.Result: First, SPs should be selected according to the basic quality criteria and capacity, which they must possess, and the preliminary basic training about the details which they must have knowledge of and be provided through videorecorded cases before the implementation of the preliminary field training. Second, the roles of SPs and the calibration process of the evaluation result forms are needed when conducting the preliminary field training for SPs. After watching video-recorded scenario cases, the SPs participate in discussions about the watched videos before proceeding to calibration practices of evaluation result forms. Third, because the Type A questionnaire of the practical examination of the NDLE is dependent on the SPs’ capacity and training, the fairness of the practical test is largely dependent on the SPs. Therefore, practicing the roles as evaluators and evaluation training should be provided using practical test items that can improve the reliability of the test and show a high level of reproducibility about the same case. @*Conclusion@#The findings of this study will be utilized for the development of training materials for SPs, so they can participate in the administration of a fair and reliable practical examination of the NDLE.

6.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 185-192, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837261

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study is to investigate dental students’ self-perception of clinical care ability after a denture treatment experience. @*Materials and methods@#Of the 58 fourth-year students at the dental school in 2019, 50 students completed the questionnaire concerning their denture treatment session, including treatment planning and pre-prosthetic treatment (4 questions), clinical and laboratory procedures (20 questions), and students’ opinions on clinical denture education (4 questions). Each question was answered on a five-point scale, of which points four and five, “agree” and “strongly agree” respectively, were classified as positive responses while points one and two, “disagree” and “strongly disagree” respectively, were classified as negative. @*Results@#All the items on clinical and laboratory procedures received a positive response rate of over 60%, and the overall self-perception of the students appeared to be positive. However, the questions on the ability to perform denture treatment independently after graduation received only 48% of positive answer. Those on patient management, explanations of denture precautions, customized tray production, boxing, and work model production were answered with the highest positive response rate whereas those on treatment planning, final impression acquisition, and surveying, were the lowest in each session. @*Conclusion@#The dental students with experience in denture treatment generally have a positive opinion of their clinical care ability, but further education may be necessary to improve their ability to treat their patients independently.

7.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 397-404, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761452

ABSTRACT

Bone and soft tissue conditions are important for successful implant treatment. But, the placement itself is also very important. Implants which is installed in the wrong position result in the biological, esthetical and mechanical problems. In order to place an implant in the correct position, the final restoration and diagnostic wax-up should be considered prior to the surgery. If the artificial teeth for the interim denture are directly transferred from the diagnostic wax-up, the operator can try the form of diagnostic wax-up in the mouth. If the surgical template is produced by duplicating the interim denture, the implant can be placed in the planned position. In this case, the polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) artificial tooth was precisely milled by the digital duplication of diagnostic wax-up. And interim denture was fabricated by using these milled teeth. After the patient adapted for a sufficient period, the implant was placed at the planned position with surgical template produced by duplicating the interim denture. After confirming sufficient osseointegration, the final prostheses were made to reflect the shape of diagnostic wax-up. Through this procedure, the satisfactory functional and esthetic outcome could be acquired.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Dentures , Mouth , Osseointegration , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Prostheses and Implants , Rehabilitation , Tooth , Tooth, Artificial
8.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 254-262, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761432

ABSTRACT

As implant can be covered by National Health Insurance Service (NHIS), it was increased the interest in the removable partial denture (RPD) with the surveyed fixed prosthesis supported by implant fixture. To achieve predictable result, it needs the prudent implant planning by basic principles of RPD and patient's residual ridge. This 67 years old age male had a few unilateral remaining teeth, and hoped the treatment covered by NHIS. As using CAD software, the position of implant is planned with regarding to occlusal table of provisional denture, basic principles of RPD, and resorbed residual ridge. The definitive prostheses can ensure the stability and retention of removable prosthesis. When planning implant fixed prostheses, the digital technique was utilized to consider basic principle of RPD and resorbed residual ridge. As a result, it provided satisfactory prostheses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Denture, Partial, Removable , Dentures , Hope , National Health Programs , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
9.
Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics ; : e29-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761309

ABSTRACT

Endodontic microsurgery is defined as the treatment performed on the root apices of an infected tooth, which was unresolved with conventional root canal therapy. Recently, the advanced technology in 3-dimensional model reconstruction based on computed tomography such as cone beam computed tomography has opened a new avenue in application of personalized, accurate diagnosis and has been increasingly used in the field of dentistry. Nevertheless, direct intra-oral localization of root apex based on the 3-dimensional information is extremely difficult and significant amount of bone removal is inevitable when freehand surgical procedure was employed. Moreover, gingival flap and alveolar bone fenestration are usually required, which leads to prolonged time of surgery, thereby increasing the chance of trauma as well as the risk of infection. The purpose of this case report is to present endodontic microsurgery using the guide template that can accurately target the position of apex for the treatment of an anterior tooth with calcified canal which was untreatable with conventional root canal therapy and unable to track the position of the apex due to the absence of fistula.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apicoectomy , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dentistry , Diagnosis , Fistula , Microsurgery , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth
10.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 31-36, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719553

ABSTRACT

As the number of elderly population increases, the proportion of edentulous patients is increasing, and the demand for traditional dentures will also increase. Arranging the artificial teeth according to the relationship and shape of the upper and lower alveolar ridge is an important factor increasing the stability of the denture. This case is a 79 year old female patient who wishes to make denture covered by national health insurance for psychological and economical reasons. With the alveolar bone severely atrophic, the dental CAD software was used for accurate diagnosis and the posterior teeth were arranged in a cross bite according to the interalveolar crest line angle by the program. After completion, the denture showed adequate stability and maintenance in periodic examinations and treatment, and the patient also expressed high satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Alveolar Process , Denture, Complete , Dentures , Diagnosis , Malocclusion , National Health Programs , Rehabilitation , Tooth , Tooth, Artificial
11.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 77-84, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179527

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the surface roughness of zirconia when using Zircos E etching system (ZSAT), applying a nitric acid-hydrofluoric acid compound as a pretreatment agent, and also to compare the shear bonding strength according to different resin cements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ZSAT, air abrasion, and tribochemical silicacoating were applied on prepared 120 zirconia specimens (10 mm in diameter, 7 mm in height) using CAD/CAM. Each 12 specimens with 4 different resin cements (Panavia F 2.0, Rely X Unicem, Superbond C&B, and Hot bond) were applied to test interfacial bond strength. The statistical analysis was performed using SAS 9.1 (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA). The results are as follows: after application of the ZSAT on the zirconia specimens, surface roughness value after 2-hour etching was higher than those after 1- and 3-hour etching on SEM images. RESULTS: For Superbond C&B and Rely X Unicem, the specimens treated with ZSAT showed higher shear bond strength values than those treated with air abrasion and tribochemical silicacoating system. Regarding the failure mode of interface over cement and zirconia surface, Rely X Unicem and Hot bond showed cohesive failures and Panavia F 2.0 and Superbond C&B showed mixed failures. CONCLUSION: Zircos E etching system in zirconia restoration could increase its shear bond strength. However, its long term success rate and clinical application should be further evaluated.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Resin Cements
12.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 264-271, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90428

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences in bond strength of four different indirect composites to the gold alloy and Ni-Cr alloy according to type of metal surface treatment after water storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Type IV gold alloy and Ni-Cr alloy were used for casting alloy while four types of indirect composite resins (Gradia, Tescera Sinfony and in;joy) were used in this study. Metal specimens were produced by casting and total of 240 specimens (60 specimens per one indirect composite group) were prepared. After bonding indirect composite resin and undergoing 24 hours of polymerization, customized jig was attached to the metal specimen and shear bond strength were measured using universal testing machine. Also, differences in shear bond strength before and after water storage for 240 hours were also measured. RESULTS: In the measurement of shear bond strength according to the metal surface treatments, bead group showed high strength followed by loop and flatting group (P<.05). After being stored in water bath for 240 hours, Gradia showed statistically significant high bond strength compared to other indirect composite resins in all groups (P<.05). CONCLUSION: Shearbond strength was found to be different according to type of metal surface treatment and type of metal used after storage in water. Further studies need to be developed for clinical practices as three are still problems of microleakage, stain or wear.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Baths , Composite Resins , Polymerization , Polymers , Water
13.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 152-158, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71188

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of different coping thicknesses and veneer ceramic cooling rates on the failure load of zirconia-ceramic crowns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Zirconia copings of two different thicknesses (0.5 mm or 1.5 mm; n=20 each) were fabricated from scanning 40 identical abutment models using a dental computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing system. Zirconia-ceramic crowns were completed by veneering feldspathic ceramics under different cooling rates (conventional or slow, n=20 each), resulting in 4 different groups (CONV05, SLOW05, CONV15, SLOW15; n=10 per group). Each crown was cemented on the abutment. 300,000 cycles of a 50-N load and thermocycling were applied on the crown, and then, a monotonic load was applied on each crown until failure. The mean failure loads were evaluated with two-way analysis of variance (P=.05). RESULTS: No cohesive or adhesive failure was observed after fatigue loading with thermocycling. Among the 4 groups, SLOW15 group (slow cooling and 1.5 mm chipping thickness) resulted in a significantly greater mean failure load than the other groups (P<.001). Coping fractures were only observed in SLOW15 group. CONCLUSION: The failure load of zirconia-ceramic crowns was significantly influenced by cooling rate as well as coping thickness. Under conventional cooling conditions, the mean failure load was not influenced by the coping thickness; however, under slow cooling conditions, the mean failure load was significantly influenced by the coping thickness.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Crowns , Fatigue
14.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 387-392, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169356

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of grooved abutments on abutment screw loosening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted to evaluate the abutment screw loosening after 6 months for 50 patients (51 implants) treated at the department of Prosthodontics in Yonsei University Dental Hospital from March, 2015 to July, 2015. A control group with non-grooved abutment consists of 30 implants, and an experimental group with grooved abutment consists of 21 implants. Astra, Straumann, Implantium, Osstem system were used in the study. The abutments with loose screws cases after a period of 6 months has been investigated, with two kinds of measurements: 1) measuring the additional rotational angle on abutment during placement with the same force, 2) measuring the PTV on bucco-cervical area of implant crown. All data collected has been analyzed by normality test followed by Mann-Whitney test using SPSS program. RESULTS: No complications were reported after 6 months for the 51 implants. Abutment screw loose and crown fracture have not been seen in the study groups. The data collected from the two measurements showed no significant differences between the two groups with P-value 0.576 (average= control group: 7.35°, experimental group: 4.75°) for the additional rotational angle measurement and with P-value 0.767 for PTV. CONCLUSION: There are no significant differences between the grooved and non-grooved abutment in screw stability. However, further studies with long-term follow-ups and larger group of patients is needed in order to investigate the effects of grooved abutment on screw stability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Crowns , Follow-Up Studies , Prosthodontics
15.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 363-371, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180736

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: On maxillofacial tumor patients, oral implant placement prior to postoperative radiotherapy can shorten the period of prosthetic reconstruction. There is still lack of research on effects of post-implant radiotherapy such as healing process or loading time, which is important for prosthodontic treatment planning. Therefore, this study evaluated the effects of post-implant local irradiation on the osseointegration of implants during different healing stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Custom-made implants were placed bilaterally on maxillary posterior edentulous area 4 weeks after extraction of the maxillary first molars in Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats. Experimental group (exp.) received radiation after implant surgery and the other group (control) didn't. Each group was divided into three sub-groups according to the healing time (2, 4, and 8 week) from implant placement. The exp. group 1, 2 received 15-Gy radiation 1 day after implant placement (immediate irradiation). The exp. group 3 received 15-Gy radiation 4 weeks after implant placement (delayed irradiation). RESULTS: The bone mineral density (BMD) was significantly lower in the immediate irradiation groups. BMD was similar in the delayed irradiation group and the control group. The irradiated groups exhibited a lower bone-to-implant contact ratio, although the difference was not statistically significant. The irradiated groups also exhibited a significantly lower bone volume and higher empty lacuna count than the control groups. No implant failure due to local irradiation was found in this study. CONCLUSION: Within the limits of this study, the timing of local irradiation critically influences the bone healing mechanism, which is related to loading time of prostheses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Density , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Molar , Osseointegration , Pilot Projects , Prostheses and Implants , Radiotherapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 305-311, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201571

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: When the full veneer crown was treated in the tooth with abfraction lesion due to various causes, the prognosis of it may be compromised according to the location of the finish line, but there is few study about the location of its buccal finish line. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of location of the finish line of the full veneer crown on stress distribution of the tooth with abfraction lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The two dimensional finite element model was developed to express tooth, surrounding tissue and full veneer crown. The stress distribution under eccentric 144 N occlusal load was analyzed using finite element analysis. The location of finish line was set just at the lower border of the lesion (Group 0), 1 mm (Group 1) and 2 mm (Group 2) below the lower border of the lesion. RESULTS: In the Group 0, von Mises stress was concentrated at the finish line and the apex of the lesion. Also, the stress at the bucal finish line propagated to the lingual side. In the Group 1 and Group 2, stress distribution was similar each other. Stress was concentrated at the apex of lesion, but the stress at the buccal finish line did not propagate to the lingual side. That implied decrease of the possibility of horizontal crown fracture. CONCLUSION: Full veneer crown alleviated the stress concentrated at the apex of the abfraction lesion, when the finish line of full veneer crown was set below the lower border of abfraction lesion.


Subject(s)
Crowns , Finite Element Analysis , Prognosis , Tooth
17.
The Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics ; : 227-234, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174445

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aims of this pilot study were to introduce implant loading devices designed for animal study and to evaluate the validity of the load transmission ability of the loading devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Implant loading devices were specially designed and fabricated with two implant abutments and cast metal bars, and orthodontic expansion screw. In six Beagles, all premolars were extracted and two implants were placed in each side of the mandibles. The loading device was inserted two weeks after the implant placement. According to the loading protocol, the load was applied to the implants with different time and method,simulating early, progressive, and delayed loading. The implants were clinically evaluated and the loading devices were removed and replaced to the master cast, followed by stress-strain analysis. Descriptive statistics of remained strain (microepsilon) was evaluated after repeating three cycles of the loading device activation. Statistic analysis was performed using nonparametric, independent t-test with 5% significance level and Friedman's test was also used for verification. RESULTS: The loading devices were in good action. However, four implants in three Beagles showed loss of osseointegration. In stress-strain analysis, loading devices showed similar amount of increase in the remained strain after applying 1-unit load for three times. CONCLUSION: Specialized design of the implant loading device was introduced. The loading device applied similar amount of loads near the implant after each 1-unit loading. However, the direction of the loads was not parallel to the long axis of the implants as predicted before the study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animal Experimentation , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Bicuspid , Dental Implants , Dental Stress Analysis , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Mandible , Osseointegration , Pilot Projects , Sprains and Strains
18.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 243-248, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33063

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the removal torque between prefabricated and customized implant abutment screw. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three types of implant system (Osstem, Astra, Zimmer) were used. For each system, prefabricated abutment screw (control group) and customized abutment screw (test group) were used to connect the fixture and the abutment (n = 6). Digital torque gauze was used to control the tightening torque and the screws were tightened under each manufacturer's recommendation. 10 minutes after the connection the same tightening torque was applied, and 5 minutes after the second connection, the removal torque was measured. This procedure was repeated 10 times. In the cyclic loading test, 10 minutes after the first connection to the 6 groups (n = 3), the same tightening torque was applied, and a total of 1,000,000 time loading was applied at 30 degree angle to long axis with 50 N load. Repeated measures of ANOVA test (alpha=.05) was used as statistics to evaluate the effect of repeated loading number on the removal torque. Independent t-test was used to evaluate the difference in removal torque after cyclic loading. RESULTS: The removal torque significantly decreased as the number of loading repetition increased (P<.05). In the 10 time repetition test, there was no significant difference between the prefabricated and customized implant abutment screw of the 3 implant system (P<.05). Also in the cyclic loading test, there was no significant difference between the prefabricated and customized implant abutment screw of the 3 implant system (P<.05). CONCLUSION: Within the limitation of this study, there was no significant difference in the removal torque between the prefabricated abutment screw and customized abutment screws.


Subject(s)
Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Dental Implants , Torque
19.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 299-304, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33056

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of different experience level and different light source on shade selection ability comparing prosthodontist group and dental student group under 4,000 K and 5,500 K light. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After color difference of Vitapan 3D-master shade guides was measured, 3 sets of 5 shade tabs were selected with similar value but have different chroma (set a, b, c). Also 3 sets of 5 shade tabs were selected with similar chroma but have different values (set d, e, f). Under 4,000 K and 5,500 K light sources, ten prosthodontists and ten dental students were allowed to match in one set of 5 tabs the same shade tab with the tab which was originally selected in the other set of 5 tabs. Color differences of original tab and matched tab were measured by spectrophotometer and the shade selection ability was evaluated with those data. Evaluation of color difference value was performed in regard to different light conditions and different level of experience, followed by t-test with 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Color difference values under 4,000 K and 5,500 K light source were 1.62 +/- 2.0, and 1.33 +/- 1.7 respectively. In addition, color difference values of prosthodontist group and dental student group were 1.34 +/- 1.7, and 1.61 +/- 2.0 respectively. Difference of shade selection ability was not found under either different light sources (P=.398), or different experience level (P=.221). CONCLUSION: Level of experience did not affect on the shade selection ability when prosthodontists and dental students matched the shades with the same shade tab under the same light source.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics , Dental Porcelain , Light , Prosthesis Coloring , Spectrophotometry , Students, Dental
20.
The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics ; : 198-203, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27859

ABSTRACT

Excessive occlusal wear results in unacceptable damage to the occluding surfaces, and can cause pulpal injury, occlusal disharmony, impaired function, and aesthetic deformity. Patients with severely worn dentition need to be classified as several categories relative to the vertical dimension of occlusion (VDO) and the interocclusal distance for the prosthetic space. When treating patients classified as those who have excessive wear without loss of occlusal vertical dimension but with limited space, we could consider treating them at an increased vertical dimension of occlusion. Treatments at an increased vertical dimension of occlusion may provide stability, given that the amount of its increase was minimal, and a perfected occlusion was achieved after enough stabilization period. A 50-year-old male visited the department of Prosthodontics in Yonsei University Dental Hospital with the chief complaint of worn teeth on lower anterior area. Reconstruction at an increased vertical dimension of occlusion was planned. After the compatibility of the new vertical dimension of occlusion had been confirmed under interim fixed restorations, definitive fixed restorations composed of full-contour monolithic zirconia prostheses were placed. This case presents that a satisfactory clinical result was achieved by restoring the worn dentition at an increased vertical dimension of occlusion with an improvement in esthetics and function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Congenital Abnormalities , Dentition , Esthetics , Mouth , Mouth Rehabilitation , Prostheses and Implants , Prosthodontics , Tooth , Tooth Attrition , Tooth Wear , Vertical Dimension , Zirconium
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