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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875504

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although the use of surveillance 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is discouraged in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, its usefulness in different subtypes has not been thoroughly investigated. @*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated 157 patients who showed positive results on surveillance FDG-PET/CT every 6 months following complete response for up to 5 years. All of the patients also underwent biopsies. @*Results@#Seventy-eight (49.6%) of 157 patients had true positive results; the remaining 79 (50.3%), including eight (5.1%) with secondary malignancies, were confirmed to yield false positive results. Among the 78 patients with true positive results, the disease in seven (8.9%) had transformed to a different subtype. The positive predictive value (PPV) of FDG-PET/CT for aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) was lower than that for indolent B-cell or aggressive T-cell NHL (p = 0.003 and p = 0.018, respectively), especially in patients with a low/low-intermediate international prognostic index (IPI) upon a positive PET/CT finding. On the other hand, indolent B-cell and aggressive T-cell NHL patients showed PPVs of > 60%, including those with low/low-intermediate secondary IPIs. @*Conclusions@#The role of FDG-PET/CT surveillance is limited, and differs according to the lymphoma subtype. FDG-PET/CT may be useful in detecting early relapse in patients with aggressive T-cell NHL, including those with low/low-intermediate risk secondary IPI; as already known, FDG-PET/CT has no role in aggressive B-cell NHL. Repeat biopsy should be performed to discriminate relapse or transformation from false positive findings in patients with positive surveillance FDG-PET/CT results.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875447

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Compared with Western countries, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) rarely occurs in Asia and has different clinical characteristics. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and prognostic significance of Korean patients with CLL. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 90 patients with CLL who had received chemotherapy at 6 centers in Korea between 2000 and 2012. @*Results@#Compared with Western patients with CLL, Korean patients with CLL express lambda (42.0%) and atypical markers such as CD22 and FMC7 (76.7% and 40.0%, respectively) more frequently. First-line chemotherapy regimens included chlorambucil (n = 43), fludarabine and cyclophosphamide (FC) (n = 20), fludarabine (n = 13), rituximab-FC (n = 4). The remaining patients were treated with other various regimens (n = 10). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 79.3% and 28.1%, respectively. Multivariate analyses showed that hyperleukocytosis (≥ 100 × 103/μL), extranodal involvement, and the Binet C stage were significant negative prognostic factors for OS (hazard ratio [HR] 4.75, p = 0.039; HR 21.6, p = 0.002; and HR 4.35, p = 0.034, respectively). Cytogenetic abnormalities including complex karyotypes (≥ 3), del(11q), and del(17) had a significantly adverse impact on both OS and PFS (p < 0.001 and p = 0.010, respectively). @*Conclusions@#Initial hyperleukocytosis, extranodal involvement, complex karyotype, del(17) and del(11q) need to be considered in the risk stratification system for CLL.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 762-773, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833409

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Pharmacological inhibition of mutant isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) reduces R-2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG) levels and restores cellular differentiation in vivo and in vitro. The IDH2 inhibitor enasidenib (AG-221) has been approved by the FDA as a first-in-class inhibitor for the treatment of relapsed or refractory (R/R) IDH2-mutant acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study,the effects of a combination of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and AG-221 on AML cell differentiation was explored, along with the mechanisms employed by IDH2-mutant cells in AML. Materials and Methods: We treated the human AML cell line, IDH2-mutant-TF-1, and primary human AML cells carrying IDH2 mutation with 30 μM AG-221 and 100 nM ATRA, alone or in combination. @*Results@#Combined treatment with AG-221 and ATRA inhibited 2-HG production and resulted in synergistic effects on differentiation among IDH2-mutant AML cells and primary AML cells expressing IDH2 mutation. Combined treatment with AG-221 and ATRA altered autophagic activity. AG-221 and ATRA treatment-induced differentiation of IDH2-mutant AML cells was associated with autophagy induction, without suppressing autophagy flux at maturation and degradation stages. A RAF-1/MEK/ERK pathway was founded to be associated with AG-221 and ATRA-induced differentiation in IDH2-mutant AML cells. IDH-associated changes in histone methylation markers decreased after AG-221 and ATRA combination treatment. @*Conclusion@#Our preliminary evidence indicates that the addition of ATRA to treatments with IDH2 inhibitor may lead to further improvements or increases in response rates in IDH2-mutant AML patients who do not appear to benefit from treatments with IDH2 inhibitor alone.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1121-1129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717453

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)–negative, hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc)–negative patients are not considered to be at risk for hepatitis B virus (HBV)–related hepatitis, the actual risk remains to be elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the risk of HBV-related hepatitis in HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc–negative patients receiving autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) for multiple myeloma (MM) or malignant lymphoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 271 HBsAg-negative patients (161 anti-HBc–negative and 110 anti-HBc–positive at the time of ASCT) who received ASCT for MM or lymphoma. The risk of HBV-related hepatitis was analyzed according to the presence of anti-HBc. HBV serology results at the time of ASCT were compared with those at the time of diagnosis of MM or lymphoma. RESULTS: Three patients (two anti-HBc–negative MMs and one anti-HBc–positive MM) developed HBV-related hepatitis after ASCT. The rate of HBV-related hepatitis did not differ among patients with or without anti-HBc status (p=0.843). HBV-related hepatitis more frequently occurred in MM patients than in lymphoma patients (p=0.041). Overall, 9.1% of patients (16.7% with MM and 5.4% with lymphoma) who were HBsAg–negative and anti-HBc–positive at the time of diagnosis had lost anti-HBc positivity during chemotherapy prior to ASCT. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that HBsAg-negative, anti-HBc–negative patients at the time of ASCT for MM or lymphoma still might be at a risk for HBV-related hepatitis.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis , Humans , Lymphoma , Multiple Myeloma , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158044

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN) is a condition in which immune hemolytic anemia occurs in fetuses or newborns as a result of maternal alloimunized antibodies transfer. Antibody elution test and direct antiglobulin test (DAT) can be performed to diagnose HDFN; maternal originated antibodies cannot be confirmed if DAT is utilized alone. In this study, we analyzed the clinical significance of implementing concurrent DAT and antibody elution test in diagnosing HDFN. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the DATs and antibody elution tests that were simultaneously conducted in a period of 11 years, between 2005 and 2015, in newborns that received hemoglobin, reticulocyte, and total bilirubin tests. According to the results of these tests, the number of newborns diagnosed with HDFN was measured. Furthermore, the sensitivity and specificity of DAT and antibody elution test were compared. RESULTS: Among 325 newborns, the results of DATs and antibody elution tests were both negative in 208 (64.0%), negative and positive, respectively, in 80 (24.6%), positive and negative in 10 (3.1%), both positive in 27 (8.3%). When this was compared to the clinical diagnosis of HDFN, more sensitive and specific diagnoses were possible when implementing DAT and antibody elution test together (sensitivity of 76.9% for antibody elution test and specificity of 90.3% for DAT). Twenty-six (8.0%) newborns suspected for HDFN showed clinically significant hemolytic anemia. CONCLUSION: It is necessary to conduct both DAT and antibody elution test when HDFN is suspected. The severity of hemolysis in HDFN can be indirectly anticipated using an antibody elution test confirming maternal originated alloantibodies.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic , Antibodies , Bilirubin , Coombs Test , Diagnosis , Fetus , Hemolysis , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Isoantibodies , Reticulocytes , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Blood Research ; : 184-192, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185280

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Isolated myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a rare extramedullary tumor mass composed of malignant myeloid precursor cells without any evidence of leukemia in the peripheral blood and bone marrow. We describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients diagnosed with isolated MS at our institution. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 9 of 497 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients (1.8%) with isolated MS. Isolated MS patients were divided into 2 groups according to the first-line treatment strategy: systemic treatment only (S) or local treatment with or without systemic treatment (LS). RESULTS: The most common site of MS occurrence was the head and neck area (N=4, 44.4%), followed by the anterior mediastinum (N=2, 22.2%) and the gastrointestinal tract (N=2, 22.2%). The tumors of 4 patients (44.4%) eventually evolved to AML, in a median time of 13.4 months (range, 2.4–20.1 mo). The number of patients achieving complete remission after first-line treatment was higher in the LS group (N=5, 83.3%) than in the S group (N=1, 33.3%) (P =0.226). All patients in the LS group survived, but those in the S group died (P=0.012). CONCLUSION: Accurate and rapid diagnosis using various modalities and the early initiation of intensive combined treatment may be the optimal strategies to reduce the risk of isolated MS subsequently evolving to AML. To fully understand the characteristics of isolated MS, a larger number of patients from a multinational study is necessary.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Tract , Head , Humans , Leukemia , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mediastinum , Neck , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Myeloid
7.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 257-267, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144717

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pulmonary toxicities, including infectious pneumonia (IP) and idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS), are serious side effects of total body irradiation (TBI) used for myeloablative conditioning. This study aimed to evaluate clinical factors associated with IP and IPS following TBI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent TBI before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between 2005 and 2014 were reviewed. Most patients (91%) received 12 Gy in 1.5 Gy fractions twice a day. Pulmonary toxicities were diagnosed based on either radiographic evidence or reduced pulmonary function, and were subdivided into IP and IPS based on the presence or absence of concurrent infection. RESULTS: Pulmonary toxicities developed in 36 patients (62%); 16 (28%) had IP and 20 (34%) had IPS. IP was significantly associated with increased treatment-related mortality (p = 0.028) and decreased survival (p = 0.039). Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk of developing IPS was significantly higher in patients who received stem cells from a matched unrelated donor than from a matched sibling donor (p = 0.021; hazard ratio [HR] = 12.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46–110.30). Combining other conditioning agents with cyclophosphamide produced a higher tendency to develop IP (p = 0.064; HR = 6.19; 95% CI, 0.90–42.56). CONCLUSION: IP and IPS involve different risk factors and distinct pathogeneses that should be considered when planning treatments before and after TBI.


Subject(s)
Cyclophosphamide , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Pneumonia , Risk Factors , Siblings , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Tissue Donors , Unrelated Donors , Whole-Body Irradiation
8.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 257-267, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144704

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pulmonary toxicities, including infectious pneumonia (IP) and idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS), are serious side effects of total body irradiation (TBI) used for myeloablative conditioning. This study aimed to evaluate clinical factors associated with IP and IPS following TBI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with hematologic malignancies who underwent TBI before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation between 2005 and 2014 were reviewed. Most patients (91%) received 12 Gy in 1.5 Gy fractions twice a day. Pulmonary toxicities were diagnosed based on either radiographic evidence or reduced pulmonary function, and were subdivided into IP and IPS based on the presence or absence of concurrent infection. RESULTS: Pulmonary toxicities developed in 36 patients (62%); 16 (28%) had IP and 20 (34%) had IPS. IP was significantly associated with increased treatment-related mortality (p = 0.028) and decreased survival (p = 0.039). Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk of developing IPS was significantly higher in patients who received stem cells from a matched unrelated donor than from a matched sibling donor (p = 0.021; hazard ratio [HR] = 12.67; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46–110.30). Combining other conditioning agents with cyclophosphamide produced a higher tendency to develop IP (p = 0.064; HR = 6.19; 95% CI, 0.90–42.56). CONCLUSION: IP and IPS involve different risk factors and distinct pathogeneses that should be considered when planning treatments before and after TBI.


Subject(s)
Cyclophosphamide , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Pneumonia , Risk Factors , Siblings , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Tissue Donors , Unrelated Donors , Whole-Body Irradiation
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 35-42, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65065

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Decitabine, a DNA hypomethylating agent, was recently approved for use in Korea for older adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are not candidates for standard chemotherapy. This study aimed to evaluate the role of decitabine as a first-line treatment for older adults with AML. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients with AML who received at least one course of decitabine (20 mg/m²/d intravenously for 5 days every 4 weeks) as a first-line therapy at Severance Hospital were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 73.5 years. The longest follow-up duration was 502 days. A total of 113 cycles of treatment were given to 24 patients, and the median number of cycles was four (range, 1–14). Thirteen patients dropped out because of death, no or loss of response, patient refusal, or transfer to another hospital. Twenty-one (87.5%) and 12 (50%) patients completed the second and fourth cycles, respectively, and responses to treatment were evaluated in 17. A complete response (CR) or CR with incomplete blood-count recovery was achieved in six (35.3%) patients, and the estimated median overall survival was 502 days. Ten patients developed grade >2 hematologic or non-hematologic toxicities. In univariate analysis, bone marrow blasts, lactate dehydrogenase, serum ferritin level, and bone marrow iron were significantly associated with response to decitabine. CONCLUSION: Five-day decitabine treatment showed acceptable efficacy in older patients with AML who are unfit for conventional chemotherapy, with a CR rate 35.3% and about a median overall survival of 18 months.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/administration & dosage , Azacitidine/analogs & derivatives , DNA Methylation , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Remission Induction , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122520

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with severe bacterial infection (SBI) in multiple myeloma (MM) patients during treatment with bortezomib-based regimens. A total of 98 patients with MM were evaluated during 427 treatment courses. SBI occurred in 57.1% (56/98) of the patients and during 19.0% (81/427) of the treatment courses. In the multivariate analysis for the factors associated with the development of SBI in each treatment course, poor performance status (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ≥ 2, P < 0.001), early course of therapy (≤ 2 courses, P < 0.001), and pretreatment lymphopenia (absolute lymphocyte count < 1.0 × 10(9)/L, P = 0.043) were confirmed as independent risk factors. The probability of developing SBI were 5.1%, 14.9%, 23.9% and 59.5% in courses with 0, 1, 2, and 3 risk factors, respectively (P < 0.001). In conclusion, we identified three pretreatment risk factors associated with SBI in each course of bortezomib treatment. Therefore, MM patients with these risk factors should be more closely monitored for the development of SBI during bortezomib-based treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Bacterial Infections/complications , Bortezomib/administration & dosage , Female , Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/isolation & purification , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphopenia/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma/complications , Multivariate Analysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Rate , Transplantation, Homologous
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770849

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but fatal complication after solid organ transplantation. Acquired forms of HLH are described in association with severe sepsis, autoimmune disorders, malignancy, immune-compromised states, infections, and solid organ transplantation. We experienced a case of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis after bilateral lung transplantation. Leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and hyperbilirubinemia were noted and became aggravated 50 days after transplantation. Diagnosis of HLH was based on clinical and laboratory findings of splenomegaly, cytopenia, elevated ferritin, elevated interleukin-2 receptor, and hemophagocytosis in bone marrow. Other features such as elevated bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase, and D-dimer which can be present in HLH were also noted. The patient was immediately treated with etoposide and dexamethasone. Despite aggressive therapy, the patient deteriorated and died. Awareness of the diagnostic criteria of HLH after lung transplantation is important for clinicians.


Subject(s)
Bilirubin , Bone Marrow , Dexamethasone , Diagnosis , Etoposide , Ferritins , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Interleukin-2 , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Leukopenia , Lung Transplantation , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Organ Transplantation , Sepsis , Splenomegaly , Thrombocytopenia , Transplants
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-204511

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but fatal complication after solid organ transplantation. Acquired forms of HLH are described in association with severe sepsis, autoimmune disorders, malignancy, immune-compromised states, infections, and solid organ transplantation. We experienced a case of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis after bilateral lung transplantation. Leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and hyperbilirubinemia were noted and became aggravated 50 days after transplantation. Diagnosis of HLH was based on clinical and laboratory findings of splenomegaly, cytopenia, elevated ferritin, elevated interleukin-2 receptor, and hemophagocytosis in bone marrow. Other features such as elevated bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase, and D-dimer which can be present in HLH were also noted. The patient was immediately treated with etoposide and dexamethasone. Despite aggressive therapy, the patient deteriorated and died. Awareness of the diagnostic criteria of HLH after lung transplantation is important for clinicians.


Subject(s)
Bilirubin , Bone Marrow , Dexamethasone , Diagnosis , Etoposide , Ferritins , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia , Interleukin-2 , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Leukopenia , Lung Transplantation , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Organ Transplantation , Sepsis , Splenomegaly , Thrombocytopenia , Transplants
14.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 243-248, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102974

ABSTRACT

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a spectrum of clinically and morphologically heterogeneous lymphoid proliferations of various clonal compositions that are observed after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or solid organ transplantation. The majority of PTLD cases are associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, while overt peripheral blood (PB) or bone marrow (BM) involvement in PTLD is uncommon in early lesions. We report a 38-year-old woman with EBV-related PTLD, with BM and PB involvement, who presented with peripheral lymphocytosis as an early lesion 1 month after haploidentical HSCT for Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia was performed during first complete remission. Although PB or BM involvement of PTLD after HSCT is uncommon in early lesions, peripheral lymphocytosis can be an initial presenting manifestation of PTLD, as in this case.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphocytes , Lymphocytosis , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Organ Transplantation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Transplantation , Transplants
15.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 406-419, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180827

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The first edition of the Korean treatment guidelines for chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) was published in 2006. We intend to update those guidelines to include the use of next-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). METHODS: New guidelines were developed in 2012 based on the results of a survey and a consensus meeting of various Korean experts, the reports of recent clinical studies, and updated guidelines from external study groups. RESULTS: An assessment of risk factors is strongly recommended before treating newly diagnosed chronic phase CML. Imatinib, dasatinib, and nilotinib are reimbursable in Korea as first-line treatments, and the patient's age, comorbidities, and possible adverse events should be considered in the choice of treatment. Molecular studies are recommended for assessing treatment efficacy instead of invasive cytogenetic response evaluations, and an early response is believed to correlate with a good prognosis. Second-line TKIs can be considered for patients who fail or are intolerant of first-line therapy, pending analysis of ABL tyrosine kinase mutation status. For treating advanced stages, a combination of TKIs with cytotoxic agents and hematopoietic cell transplantation is recommended. The adverse effects of TKI therapy can be managed via dose reduction and supportive care, or switching to an alternate TKI. CONCLUSIONS: The use of TKIs has improved the outcome of CML treatment. Treatment-free remission after discontinuing TKIs might be possible in select patients who achieve sufficient response, indicating that curative treatment for CML can be expected in the future.


Subject(s)
Cell Transplantation , Comorbidity , Consensus , Cytogenetics , Cytotoxins , Hematology , Humans , Korea , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Prognosis , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Risk Factors , Transplants , Treatment Outcome , Dasatinib , Imatinib Mesylate
16.
Blood Research ; : 160-166, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36729

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Among the currently available prognostic models for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), we investigated to determine which is most adoptable for DLBCL patients treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) followed by upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated survival differences among risk groups based on the International Prognostic Index (IPI), the age-adjusted IPI (aaIPI), the revised IPI (R-IPI), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network IPI (NCCN-IPI) at diagnosis in 63 CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront auto-SCT. RESULTS: At the time of auto-SCT, 74.6% and 25.4% of patients had achieved complete remission and partial remission after R-CHOP, respectively. As a whole, the 5-year overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 78.8% and 74.2%, respectively. The 5-year OS and PFS rates according to the IPI, aaIPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI did not significantly differ among the risk groups for each prognostic model (P-values for OS: 0.255, 0.337, 0.881, and 0.803, respectively; P-values for PFS: 0.177, 0.904, 0.295, and 0.609, respectively). CONCLUSION: There was no ideal prognostic model among those currently available for CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront auto-SCT.


Subject(s)
Autografts , B-Lymphocytes , Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Prednisone , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation, Autologous , Vincristine , Rituximab
17.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 310-319, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70162

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that is highly sensitive to radiotherapy (RT). However, the effectiveness of RT has not been well established. We reviewed our experiences to assess the role of RT for FL and analyze treatment results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis was done on 29 patients who received first RT between January 2003 and August 2013. Of 23 early stage (stage I, II) patients, 16 received RT alone, four received chemotherapy followed by RT, two received RT postoperatively, and one received salvage RT for relapse after resection. Six advanced-stage (stage III, IV) patients received RT after chemotherapy: two received consolidation RT, three received salvage RT for residual lesions, and one received RT for progressive sites. Median RT dose was 30.6 Gy (range, 21.6 to 48.6 Gy). Median follow-up duration was 62 months (range, 6 to 141 months). RESULTS: All patients showed complete response in the radiation field. Eight outfield relapses were reported. Seven patients received salvage treatment (three chemotherapy, four RT). Four patients showed excellent responses, especially to RT. Estimated 5-year and 10-year relapse-free survivals were 72% and 60%. In the RT-alone group, 5-year relapse-free survival was 74.5%. All advanced-stage patients were disease-free with 100% 5-year overall survival. Disease-specific death was noted in only one patient; four others died of other unrelated causes. No significant toxicity was reported. CONCLUSION: RT resulted in excellent treatment outcomes for all FL stages when used as a primary treatment modality for early stage or salvage-treatment modality for advanced-stage disease.


Subject(s)
Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 127-132, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-20548

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The heavy-light chain (HLC) quantitative test can identify and quantify the heavy and light chains of each immunoglobulin class. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the HLC quantitative test. METHODS: To evaluate the effectiveness of the HLC quantitative test, a systemic review of the literature, using Ovid-MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and eight domestic databases including KoreaMed, was performed until October 10, 2013. We included five cohort studies and one diagnostic evaluation study in the final evaluation. Two reviewers independently assessed the quality of the included studies and extracted data from the studies. The quality of the studies was assessed according to the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN) tool. RESULTS: A correlation between the HLC quantitative test and previous assays was evaluated in one study, which enrolled patients with increased monoclonal IgA. The correlation coefficient was reported as 0.94 in this study. The clinical significance of the quantitative HLC test to predict a prognosis was also reported in five cohort studies. The survival rate in patients with higher HLC ratio was significantly lower and the increased IgA kappa/lambda ratio or IgM kappa/lambda ratio was significantly correlated with higher survival rate in patients with monoclonal gammaglobulinemia. CONCLUSIONS: The HLC quantitative test is an effective test that can quantitatively measure the identified immunoglobulin type and predict the prognosis of patients with monoclonal gammopathy.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Humans , Immunoglobulin A , Immunoglobulin M , Immunoglobulins , Paraproteinemias , Prognosis , Survival Rate
19.
Blood Research ; : 107-114, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217664

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We investigated factors that influence outcomes in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients treated with rituximab combined with the CHOP regimen (R-CHOP) followed by upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (Auto-SCT). METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated survival differences between subgroups based on the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aaIPI) and revised-IPI (R-IPI) at diagnosis, disease status, and positron emission tomographic/computerized tomographic (PET/CT) status at transplantation in 51 CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront Auto-SCT. RESULTS: Patients had either stage I/II bulky disease (5.9%) or stage III/IV disease (94.1%). The median patient age at diagnosis was 47 years (range, 22-66 years); 53.3% and 26.7% had high-intermediate and high risks according to aaIPI, respectively. At the time of Auto-SCT, 72.5% and 27.5% experienced complete (CR) and partial remission (PR) after R-CHOP, respectively. The median time from diagnosis to Auto-SCT was 7.27 months (range, 3.4-13.4 months). The 5-year overall (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 77.3% and 72.4%, respectively. The 5-year OS and PFS rates according to aaIPI, R-IPI, and PET/CT status did not differ between the subgroups. More importantly, the 5-year OS and PFS rates of the patients who achieved PR at the time of Auto-SCT were not inferior to those of the patients who achieved CR (P=0.223 and 0.292, respectively). CONCLUSION: Survival was not influenced by the aaIPI and R-IPI at diagnosis, disease status, or PET/CT status at transplantation, suggesting that upfront Auto-SCT might overcome unfavorable outcomes attributed to PR after induction chemoimmunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Autografts , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Electrons , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Analysis , Transplantation, Autologous , Rituximab
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1568-1575, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221605

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS) consisting of serum C-reactive protein and albumin levels, shows significant prognostic value in several types of tumors. We evaluated the prognostic significance of mGPS in 285 patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL), retrospectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: According to mGPS classification, 204 patients (71.5%) had an mGPS of 0, 57 (20%) had an mGPS of 1, and 24 (8.5%) had an mGPS of 2. RESULTS: Our study found that high mGPS were associated with poor prognostic factors including older age, extranodal involvement, advanced disease stage, unfavorable International Prognostic Index scores, and the presence of B symptoms. The complete response (CR) rate after 3 cycles of R-CHOP chemotherapy was higher in patients with mGPS of 0 (53.8%) compared to those with mGPS of 1 (33.3%) or 2 (25.0%) (p=0.001). Patients with mGPS of 0 had significantly better overall survival (OS) than those with mGPS=1 and those with mGPS=2 (p=0.036). Multivariate analyses revealed that the GPS score was a prognostic factor for the CR rate of 3 cycle R-CHOP therapy (p=0.044) as well as OS (p=0.037). CONCLUSION: mGPS can be considered a potential prognostic factor that may predict early responses to R-CHOP therapy in DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Female , Glasgow Outcome Scale , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin/metabolism , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine/therapeutic use
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