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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875126

ABSTRACT

Schwannomas originate from Schwann cells, and they are the most common benign neoplasms of the peripheral nerves. They can occur in most parts of the body but have a predilection for the head, the neck, and the flexor aspects of the extremities. Pancreatic schwannomas are uncommon, and only a few cases have been reported in the English literature. Approximately two-thirds of pancreatic schwannomas undergo cystic degeneration, and they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of solid pancreatic tumors with cystic changes to facilitate accurate diagnosis and optimal treatment. We report a case of a pathologically proven schwannoma in the pancreatic tail with multiple cystic and hemorrhagic changes followed by a review of relevant literature.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875124

ABSTRACT

Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital anomalies that are most frequently found in the mediastinum along the tracheobronchial tree, especially in the posterior aspect of the superior mediastinum. Bronchogenic cysts have also been reported in intrapulmonary, intrapericardial, abdominal, and retroperitoneal locations. Herein, we report a case of a retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst in the presacral space. The patient was diagnosed based on a post-operative histopathological examination.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764166

ABSTRACT

Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) arising from the descending thoracic aorta is a rare type of tumor. To our knowledge, only a few cases have been reported in the literature. We present computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging findings of a 43-year-old male patient with undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the descending thoracic aorta, which showed enhancement on only magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI with contrast enhancement may be useful in differentiating an aortic tumor from atherosclerotic disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aneurysm, False , Aorta, Thoracic , Hematoma , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Sarcoma
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740137

ABSTRACT

Metronidazole is an antimicrobial agent widely used for the treatment of anaerobic infection or antibiotics-associated diarrhea. It is generally thought to be safe, but can induce reversible toxic encephalopathy in the case of excessive or cumulative over-dose. Metronidazole-induced encephalopathy generally demonstrates the characteristic features of typical lesion location and bilaterality on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We report a case of metronidazole-induced encephalopathy with the involvement of asymmetric white matter. To our knowledge, only a few cases have been reported with respect to white matter lesion characteristics on MRI with diffusion-weighted images.


Subject(s)
Brain Diseases , Brain , Diarrhea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metronidazole , Neurotoxicity Syndromes , White Matter
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714016

ABSTRACT

According to the reports presented at the second Asian Radiology Forum (ARF) 2016, organized by the Korean Society of Radiology (KSR) during the Korean Congress of Radiology (KCR) in September 2016 in Seoul, there is an increasing need for the Asian-Oceanian Society of Radiology (AOSR) and its member societies to promote radiology together in the Asian-Oceanian region. In ARF 2016, the national delegates of the Asian-Oceanian radiological partner societies primarily discussed their societies' activities and contributions in international and regional societies including AOSR, expectations for AOSR, recommendations and suggestions for AOSR, and their societies' support of AOSR.


Subject(s)
Asia , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Humans , International Cooperation , Oceania , Seoul
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189592

ABSTRACT

Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is a severe and rare disease usually related to drug eruption. AGEP is induced by drugs in over 90% of cases with antibiotics being the most common. It is characterized by a fever and a pustular eruption on erythematous skin with acute onset and without follicular localization. Acetaminophen is commonly used as an antipyretic and analgesic. Acetaminophen has been reported to be an uncommon cause of AGEP. We report a 79-year-old woman presenting with fever and erythematous maculopapular eruptions on the trunk with sterile pustules arising upon the use of acetaminophen for back pain. Leukocytosis and elevated C-reactive protein levels were noted on the laboratory examination. The histopathological examination of the skin biopsy specimen showed intraepidermal pustule formation with superficial perivascular lymphocytic infiltration, including eosinophils, and extensive red blood cell extravasation. The lesions were resolved with discontinuation of acetaminophen and use of systemic corticosteroid. We report a case of AGEP probably caused by acetaminophen.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Acute Generalized Exanthematous Pustulosis , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Back Pain , Biopsy , C-Reactive Protein , Drug Eruptions , Eosinophils , Erythrocytes , Female , Fever , Humans , Leukocytosis , Rare Diseases , Skin
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160733

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the factors associated with neurological outcome and to provide ideas for improving the operation of the emergency medical system in Korea. METHODS: A total of 95,911 out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) with cardiac etiology who were transported by 119 EMS ambulances for seven years from 2006 to 2012 in Korea were analyzed. According to these data there is a multilevel structure, so that patient's neurological outcome in the same region is not independent but interrelated, therefore two-level (patient-region) logistic regression analysis was applied to adjust this correlation. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratio (OR) in the group in which Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) was performed by a bystander was 1.27 for good neurological outcome. The adjusted OR in the group with implementation of an automated external defibrillator (AED) before arrival at the hospital was 4.11 for good neurological outcome. The adjusted OR in the numbers of emergency physicians compared with <3 was 2.76 (3-4), 4.24 (≥5) and the adjusted OR in OHCAs volume of each hospital compared with <50 was 2.31 (50-64), 2.51 (65-102), and 2.94 (≥103). The adjusted OR in deprivation level compared with <2 was 0.72 (≥2). CONCLUSION: The neurological outcome was significantly better in the group in which CPR was performed by a bystander and AED was applied early. The neurological outcome tended to be significantly better in hospitals with higher numbers of emergency physicians and higher volume of OHCAs, in less deprived districts.


Subject(s)
Ambulances , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Defibrillators , Emergencies , Korea , Logistic Models , Multilevel Analysis , Odds Ratio , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32760

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the level of Human papillomavirus (HPV) knowledge, intention of HPV vaccination, and barriers on HPV vaccination among male undergraduate students of Health department and Non-health department. METHODS: A total of 149 male undergraduate students responded to self-administered questionnaires about their HPV knowledge, HPV vaccination intention, and their barriers on HPV vaccination. ANOVA, t-test and χ2 test (Fisher's exact test) were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Mean score of HPV knowledge was 3.39±3.05, and there was significant difference between Health department (4.15±3.08) and Non-health department (2.58±2.82) in HPV knowledge (t=3.241, p=.001). There was no significant difference in HPV vaccination acceptance between the two groups. The barriers on HPV vaccination were 'lack of information about HPV vaccine efficacy' and 'lack of information about HPV vaccination time and strategy', and there were significant differences in barriers on HPV vaccination between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The knowledge on HPV was low, and HPV vaccination was hindered due to lack of information about HPV vaccine despite their intention to obtain HPV vaccine. HPV education to promote HPV vaccination should be targeted among male students.


Subject(s)
Education , Humans , Intention , Male , Papillomaviridae , Statistics as Topic , Vaccination
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77117

ABSTRACT

According to the reports presented at the Asian Radiology Forum 2015, organized by the Korean Society of Radiology (KSR) during the Korean Congress of Radiology (KCR) in September 2015 in Seoul, there is an increasing need to promote international exchange and collaboration amongst radiology societies in Asian countries. The Asian Radiology Forum was first held by KSR and the national delegates of Asian radiological partner societies, who attended this meeting with the aim of discussing selected subjects of global relevance in radiology. In 2015, current stands, pros and cons, and future plans for inter-society collaboration between each Asian radiological partner societies were primarily discussed. The Asian radiology societies have international collaborations with each other through various activities, such as joint symposia, exchange programs, social exchange, and international membership. The advantages of continuing inter-society collaboration in most of the Asian radiology societies include international speakers, diverse clinical research, and cutting edge technology; while limited range of financial and human resources, language barrier, differences in goals and expectations are claimed as disadvantages. With regard to the future, most of the Asian radiology societies focus on expanding partner societies and enhancing globalization and collaboration programs through various international meetings and exchange programs.


Subject(s)
Asia , Humans , International Cooperation , Radiology/organization & administration , Research , Societies, Medical
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134015

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the past, subacute thyroiditis causing thyrotoxicosis included both painful and painless subgroup, but it is representative for the painful subacute thyroiditis these days. So we evaluated the clinical and laboratory characteristics of subacute thyroiditis and compared with the painless (silent) thyroiditis, and identified predictive factors of permanent hypothyroidism and recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case series study analyzing clinical data of 221 consecutive patients diagnosed between 2009 and 2015. Medical records were reviewed for diagnostic route, age distribution, laboratory data, clinical course and long-term follow up outcome. RESULTS: The mean age was 48 years; female v/s male ratio 3.4:1. Median disease duration was 110 days; mean peak free T4 level was 2.9 ng/dL. 56.7% of painless thyroiditis patients were diagnosed on health checkup or routine thyroid function test with symptoms not typically associated with thyrotoxicosis. Permanent hypothyroidism was not uncommon (11/221; 5.0%). Higher peak thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was associated with permanent hypothyroidism in painless thyroiditis. Lower peak TSH was associated with recurrence rate in both subacute and painless thyroiditis. In painless thyroiditis, short duration of thyrotoxicosis phase was also associated with recurrence rate. CONCLUSION: Considerable numbers of painless thyroiditis without symptoms were diagnosed on health checkup. Higher peak TSH was associated with permanent hypothyroidism in painless thyroiditis. Recurrence rate was related with lower peak TSH in both groups.


Subject(s)
Age Distribution , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypothyroidism , Male , Medical Records , Postpartum Thyroiditis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyroiditis , Thyroiditis, Subacute , Thyrotoxicosis , Thyrotropin
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134013

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the past, subacute thyroiditis causing thyrotoxicosis included both painful and painless subgroup, but it is representative for the painful subacute thyroiditis these days. So we evaluated the clinical and laboratory characteristics of subacute thyroiditis and compared with the painless (silent) thyroiditis, and identified predictive factors of permanent hypothyroidism and recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective case series study analyzing clinical data of 221 consecutive patients diagnosed between 2009 and 2015. Medical records were reviewed for diagnostic route, age distribution, laboratory data, clinical course and long-term follow up outcome. RESULTS: The mean age was 48 years; female v/s male ratio 3.4:1. Median disease duration was 110 days; mean peak free T4 level was 2.9 ng/dL. 56.7% of painless thyroiditis patients were diagnosed on health checkup or routine thyroid function test with symptoms not typically associated with thyrotoxicosis. Permanent hypothyroidism was not uncommon (11/221; 5.0%). Higher peak thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) was associated with permanent hypothyroidism in painless thyroiditis. Lower peak TSH was associated with recurrence rate in both subacute and painless thyroiditis. In painless thyroiditis, short duration of thyrotoxicosis phase was also associated with recurrence rate. CONCLUSION: Considerable numbers of painless thyroiditis without symptoms were diagnosed on health checkup. Higher peak TSH was associated with permanent hypothyroidism in painless thyroiditis. Recurrence rate was related with lower peak TSH in both groups.


Subject(s)
Age Distribution , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypothyroidism , Male , Medical Records , Postpartum Thyroiditis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyroiditis , Thyroiditis, Subacute , Thyrotoxicosis , Thyrotropin
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115655

ABSTRACT

The publisher and authors would like to the readers' attention to an error in the following article. Asian Radiology Forum 2015 for Building an Asian Friendship: A Step toward the Vigorous Intersociety Collaboration in Asia. Korean J Radiol 2016;17(2):175-181.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194476

ABSTRACT

Clear cell sarcoma is rare and difficult to diagnose. Herein, we present a case of clear cell sarcoma in the dorsum of the wrist with MRI findings, including diffusion-weighted imaging, and histopathologic correlation, which was initially diagnosed as giant cell tumor of tendon sheath.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Giant Cell Tumors , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Sarcoma, Clear Cell , Tendons , Wrist
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39494

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by the progressive loss of skeletal muscle mass and muscle strength. Although data exist on the prevalence of sarcopenia among the community-dwelling elderly, there is no systematic research on hospitalized elderly patients in Korea, in accordance with the newly developed criteria. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the Daejin Medical Center, Bundang Jesaeng Hospital, Korea, from May 2013 to March 2015. In this study, we evaluated the levels of hemoglobin, total cholesterol, serum albumin, serum prealbumin, and serum zinc. Handgrip strength was measured with a hand grip dynamometer (FT-7110). Furthermore, the skeletal muscle mass was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Sarcopenia was defined by skeletal muscle mass as measured with BIA, according to the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. RESULTS: Of the hospitalized elderly subjects, 40 (46.5%) had a definite diagnosis of sarcopenia and 46 (53.5%) had no sarcopenia. The prevalence of sarcopenia of the subjects was higher in males than females (males, 46.9% vs. females, 46.3%). The correlation analysis showed that the score of skeletal muscle index (SMI) was negatively correlated with age; whereas, it was positively correlated with the BMI, body weight, and serum prealbumin level. CONCLUSION: The results of the study showed that sarcopenia was associated with several factors, including age, BMI, serum prealbumin level, among the study subjects. Sarcopenia can be used as a sensitive predictive marker for prognosis of the hospitalized elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Body Weight , Cholesterol , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis , Electric Impedance , Female , Hand , Hand Strength , Hospitalization , Humans , Korea , Male , Muscle Strength , Muscle, Skeletal , Prealbumin , Prevalence , Prognosis , Sarcopenia , Serum Albumin , Zinc
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1319-1325, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172973

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between alpha angle and herniation pit on MRI in asymptomatic hip joints and their associations with demographic variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hip MRI of 185 asymptomatic hip joints of 105 adults (age 18 to 80 years) from September 2011 through December 2012 were retrospectively studied. Alpha angles were measured on oblique axial MR images by 2 observers. Herniation pit was determined by 1 observer. Size measures, prevalence, and statistical analyses were conducted regarding its association with age, gender, laterality (right or left hip). Intra- and inter-observer agreements were determined by intra-class correlation coefficient. RESULTS: The prevalence of herniation pit in asymptomatic hips was 21.6%. The range of alpha angle was 27.6-65.0 degrees. Seventeen and 16 out of 185 (9.1% and 8.6%) hip joints showed alpha angle of ≥ 55 degrees in first and second measurement sessions, respectively. There was no association between alpha angle ≥ 55 and presence of herniation pit. There was no association between alpha angle ≥ 55 and the size of herniation pit. Inter-observer agreement of alpha angle was 0.485 between first measurements of first vs. second observer, respectively. Intra-observer agreement of alpha angle was 0.654, respectively. Forty (21.6%) of 185 hip joints (35 of 105 patients, 33.3%) had herniation pit, with no difference according to age, gender, or laterality of hip joint. CONCLUSION: There is no association between alpha angle ≥ 55 degrees and presence of herniation pit or demographic variables.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asymptomatic Diseases , Female , Femur Neck/anatomy & histology , Hip Joint/anatomy & histology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23921

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between superior labral dimension of the glenohumeral joint on direct MRA and presence of SLAP lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IRB approval was obtained and informed consent was waived for this retrospective study. Direct MRA studies of the shoulder in 296 patients (300 shoulders) with arthroscopic surgery were analyzed by two radiologists blinded to the arthroscopic results, which were used as gold standard. One of the radiologists reviewed the images twice (session 1 and 2) for the evaluation of intra-observer variability. Transverse and longitudinal dimensions of superior labrum on coronal T1-weighted images were measured as base and height of the inverted triangular-shaped superior labrum and compared between patients with SLAP lesions vs. non-SLAP patients. Presence of meniscoid labrum was noted. Statistical analysis was done using unpaired t-test. RESULTS: Among 279 patients (283 shoulders), 122 patients (43.1%) had SLAP lesions. The mean base/height of superior labrum in SLAP and non-SLAP patients measured on T1-weighted MR image were 8.8 mm / 5.2 mm, 8.5 mm / 4.9 mm for reader 1; 8.2 mm / 4.9 mm, 8.1 mm / 4.5 mm for session 1 of reader 2; 8.0 mm / 4.8 mm, 7.6 mm / 4.3 mm for session 2 of reader 2. In SLAP group, the mean labral height was larger than non-SLAP group with statistically significant difference (p<0.05). Fifteen patients (5.3%) had meniscoid labrum according to operation records. CONCLUSION: In patients with SLAP lesion, the height of the superior glenoid labrum on oblique coronal image of MRA was slightly larger than non-SLAP patients. A larger height of superior glenoid labrum may be associated with SLAP lesions.


Subject(s)
Arthrography , Arthroscopy , Ethics Committees, Research , Humans , Informed Consent , Observer Variation , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23918

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of truncated triangle appearance of anterior horn (AH) to body of medial meniscus (MM) and determine its clinical significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IRB approval was obtained, and informed consent waived for this study. The criteria of "pseudoradial tear" was truncated triangle appearance of the tip of AH to body of MM on one or more coronal images with adjacent fluid signal intensity at the blunted tip. Two musculoskeletal radiologists retrospectively evaluated 485 knee MR images independently for the presence and number of sections with "pseudoradial tear" of AH to body of MM using proton density-weighted coronal MR images. Inter-and intraobserver agreement was calculated using kappa coefficients. Medical records were reviewed for arthroscopic correlation. RESULTS: A pseudoradial tear in the AH to body of MM was present in 381 (78.6%) patients. Locations were 112 in AH (29.4%), 143 in AH to body (37.5%), and 126 in body (33.1%). Number of consecutive sections of pseudoradial tear were 1 in 100 (26.2%), 2 in 164 (43.0%), 3 in 94 (24.7%), 4 in 21 (5.5%), and 5 in 2 (0.5%). Interobserver agreement was 0.99 for presence and 0.43 for number of sections of pseudoradial tear. Arthroscopies were performed in 96 patients and none of the pseudoradial tears were proven as true radial tears on arthroscopy. CONCLUSION: Pseudoradial tears are frequently seen in AH to body of MM on coronal MR images and may be another pitfall that a radiologist needs to be aware of and be able to differentiate from true radial tear.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthroscopy , Ethics Committees, Research , Horns , Humans , Incidence , Informed Consent , Knee , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Medical Records , Menisci, Tibial , Protons , Retrospective Studies , Tears
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interobserver reproducibility and diagnostic feasibility of a visual grading system for assessing atrophy of the supraspinatus muscle on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three independent radiologists retrospectively evaluated the occupying ratio of the supraspinatus muscle in the supraspinatus fossa on 192 shoulder MRI examinations in 188 patients using a 3-point visual grading system (1, > or = 60%; 2, 30-59%; 3, < 30%) on oblique sagittal T1-weighted images. The inter-reader agreement and the agreement with the reference standard (3-point grades according to absolute occupying ratio values quantitatively measured by directly contouring the muscles on MRI) were analyzed using weighted kappa. The visual grading was applied by a single reader to a group of 100 consecutive patients who had undergone rotator cuff repair to retrospectively determine the association between the visual grades at preoperative state and postsurgical occurrences of retear. RESULTS: The inter-reader weighted kappa value for the visual grading was 0.74 when averaged across three reader pairs (0.70-0.77 for individual reader pairs). The weighted kappa value between the visual grading and the reference standard ranged from 0.75 to 0.83. There was a significant difference in retear rates of the rotator cuff between the 3 visual grades of supraspinatus muscle atrophy on MRI in univariable analysis (p < 0.001), but not in multivariable analysis (p = 0.026). CONCLUSION: The 3-point visual grading system may be a feasible method to assess the severity of supraspinatus muscle atrophy on MRI and assist in the clinical management of patients with rotator cuff tear.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Feasibility Studies , Female , Humans , Joint Diseases , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Muscular Atrophy/diagnosis , Observer Variation , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff/pathology , Young Adult
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74093

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a preoperative MRI with microscopy coils in determining the primary tumor thickness of malignant melanoma with histopathologic correlation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven patients with histopathologically confirmed malignant melanoma were included in this study. MR images of the tumors were obtained with a 47-mm microscopy coil on 1.5T MR scanners and were evaluated by two radiologists, who assessed the thickness of the primary tumor on T2-weighted images (T2WI) and gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted images with fat suppression (Gd-T1WI) and compared the results with the histopathologic findings as the reference standard. Correlations between tumor thickness on MRI and histopathologic examination were assessed using concordance correlation coefficients (CCCs). Inter- and intraobserver variabilities of tumor measurements were also assessed by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: Among the 11 cases included in the study, 10 cases from the same number of patients were managed with surgical excision and one case was confirmed with punch biopsy. The primary tumor thickness measured on T2WI showed better correlation with histopathologic results, as compared with measurements taken on Gd-T1WI: the CCC of measurements on T2WI ranged from 0.64 to 0.78, indicating a substantial agreement, whereas the CCC of measurements on Gd-T1WI ranged from 0.50 to 0.61, indicating a moderate to substantial agreement. Inter- and intraobserver agreements of readers 1 and 2 were excellent for both T2WI and Gd-T1WI, with ICC ranging from 0.86 to 0.99. CONCLUSION: MR imaging with microscopy coils may be an accurate technique in the preoperative assessment of tumor thickness in malignant melanoma, especially on T2-weighted images.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biopsy , Contrast Media , Female , Gadolinium DTPA , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation , Male , Melanoma/pathology , Middle Aged , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Skin Neoplasms/pathology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88117

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Atrophy of rotator cuff muscles has been considered an irreversible phenomenon. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether atrophy is truly irreversible after rotator cuff repair. METHODS: We measured supraspinatus muscle atrophy of 191 patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging and postoperative multidetector computed tomography images, taken at least 1 year after operation. The occupation ratio was calculated using Photoshop CS3 software. We compared the change between pre- and postoperative occupation ratios after modifying the preoperative occupation ratio. In addition, possible relationship between various clinical factors and the change of atrophy, and between the change of atrophy and cuff integrity after surgical repair were evaluated. RESULTS: The mean occupation ratio was significantly increased postoperatively from 0.44 +/- 0.17 to 0.52 +/- 0.17 (p < 0.001). Among 191 patients, 81 (42.4%) showed improvement of atrophy (more than a 10% increase in occupation ratio) and 33 (17.3%) worsening (more than a 10% decrease). Various clinical factors such as age tear size, or initial degree of atrophy did not affect the change of atrophy. However, the change of atrophy was related to repair integrity: cuff healing failure rate of 48.5% (16 of 33) in worsened atrophy; and 22.2% (18 of 81) in improved atrophy (p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: The supraspinatus muscle atrophy as measured by occupation ratio could be improved postoperatively in case of successful cuff repair.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Muscular Atrophy/diagnosis , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff/injuries , Tendon Injuries/diagnosis
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