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1.
Ultrasonography ; : 307-313, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969226

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study compared the malignancy risk of intermediate suspicion thyroid nodules according to the presence of suspicious ultrasonographic (US) findings. @*Methods@#From January 2014 to December 2014, 299 consecutive intermediate suspicion thyroid nodules in 281 patients (mean age, 50.6±12.5 years) with final diagnoses were included in this study. Two radiologists retrospectively reviewed the US findings and subcategorized the intermediate suspicion category into nodules without suspicious findings and nodules with suspicious findings, including punctate echogenic foci, nonparallel orientation, or irregular margins. The malignancy rates were compared between the two subcategory groups. @*Results@#Of the 299 intermediate suspicion thyroid nodules, 230 (76.9%) were subcategorized as nodules without suspicious findings and 69 (23.1%) as nodules with suspicious findings. The total malignancy rate was 33.4% (100/299) and the malignancy rate of nodules with suspicious findings was significantly higher than that of nodules without suspicious findings (47.8% vs. 29.1%, P=0.004). In nodules with suspicious findings, the most common suspicious finding was punctate echogenic foci (48/82, 58.5%) followed by nonparallel orientation (22/82, 26.8%) and irregular margins (12/82, 14.6%). Thirteen nodules had two suspicious findings simultaneously. A linearly increasing trend in the malignancy rate was observed according to the number of suspicious US findings (P for trend=0.001). @*Conclusion@#Intermediate suspicion thyroid nodules with suspicious findings showed a higher malignancy rate than those without suspicious findings. Further management guidelines for nodules with suspicious findings should differ from guidelines for nodules without suspicious findings, even in the same US category.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 903-911, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002435

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Regrowth after radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of symptomatic large thyroid nodules, initially treated as benign, sometimes turns out to be malignancies. This study aimed to assess the ultrasound (US) characteristics of thyroid nodules initially treated as benign with RFA and later diagnosed as cancers, predictive factors for cancers masquerading as benign, and methods to avoid RFA in these cancers. @*Materials and Methods@#We reviewed the medical records of 134 consecutive patients with 148 nodules who underwent RFA between February 2008 and November 2016 for the debulking of symptomatic thyroid nodules diagnosed as benign using US-guided biopsy. We investigated the pre-RFA characteristics of the thyroid nodules, changes at follow-up after RFA, and the final surgical pathology. @*Results@#Nodule regrowth after RFA was observed in 36 (24.3%) of the 148 benign nodules. Twenty-two of the 36 nodules were surgically removed, and malignancies were confirmed in seven (19.4% of 36). Of the 22 nodules removed surgically, pre-RFA median volume (range) was significantly larger for malignant nodules than for benign nodules: 22.4 (13.9–84.5) vs. 13.4 (7.3–16.8) mL (P = 0.04). There was no significant difference in the regrowth interval between benign and malignant nodules (P = 0.49). The median volume reduction rate (range) at 12 months was significantly lower for malignant nodules than for benign nodules (51.4% [0–57.8] vs. 83.8% [47.9–89.6]) (P = 0.01). The pre-RFA benignity of all seven malignant nodules was confirmed using two US-guided fine-needle aspirations (FNAs), except for one nodule, which was confirmed using US-guided core-needle biopsy (CNB). Regrown malignant nodules were diagnosed as suspicious follicular neoplasms by CNB. Histological examination of the malignant nodules revealed follicular thyroid carcinomas, except for one follicular variant, a papillary thyroid carcinoma. @*Conclusion@#Symptomatic large benign thyroid nodules showing regrowth or suboptimal reduction after RFA may have malignant potential. The confirmation of these nodules is better with CNB than with FNA.

3.
Ultrasonography ; : 689-697, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969211

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study investigated the ultrasound (US) features of malignancy in patients with Hürthle cell neoplasms (HCNs) of the thyroid gland. @*Methods@#The present study included 139 HCNs that had undergone surgical excision at a single institution from 1996 to 2020 and had preoperative US images. The sonographic characteristics of HCNs were correlated with their pathological results. The US findings associated with malignancy were explored using logistic regression analysis, and the diagnostic performance and cutoff were assessed using receiver operating characteristic analysis. @*Results@#The most common US findings of HCNs were a solid content (76.3%), oval to round shape (100%), hypoechogenicity (70.5%), a smooth margin (95.0%), the halo sign (90.6%), and no calcifications (93.5%). HCNs were commonly smaller in pathologic measurements than in US measurements (smaller, same, and greater than US measurements in 60.4%, 21.6%, and 18.0% of HCNs, respectively; P3.35 cm might be used as a criterion to suggest malignancy. The size of HCNs often showed discrepancies between US and pathologic measurements.

4.
Ultrasonography ; : 493-501, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939265

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The prevalence of the tall cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (TCVPTC), which has a poor prognosis, has increased as its definition has been modified. We sought to investigate whether TCVPTC is different from the classic type on ultrasonography (US). @*Methods@#This study included 46 consecutive TCVPTC patients and 92 classic papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) patients who were confirmed surgically at the authors’ institution. The US findings and pathologic reports of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. US features based on the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System, preoperative US suspicion for lymph node metastasis, and the presence of capsular location were evaluated. @*Results@#Univariable and multivariable analyses identified that TCVPTC showed more frequent irregular tumor margin (odds ratio [OR], 6.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46 to 30.09; P=0.014) and capsular location (OR, 4.63; 95% CI, 1.49 to 14.41; P=0.008) than classic PTC. Capsular location was an independent predictor of TCVPTC for tumors less than or equal to 1.5 cm in size (OR, 4.23; 95% CI, 1.12 to 15.92; P=0.033). Irregular margin was an independent predictor of TCVPTC for tumors larger than 1.5 cm (OR, 10.46; 95% CI, 1.16 to 94.48; P=0.037). Extrathyroidal extension was not significantly different between the two groups. @*Conclusion@#The two key features of TCVPTC on US are frequent capsular location for tumors less than or equal to 1.5 cm in size and the higher likelihood of an irregular margin for tumors larger than 1.5 cm.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 840-860, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902467

ABSTRACT

Imaging plays a key role in the diagnosis and characterization of thyroid diseases, and the information provided by imaging studies is essential for management planning. A referral guideline for imaging studies may help physicians make reasonable decisions and minimize the number of unnecessary examinations. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed imaging guidelines for thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer using an adaptation process through a collaboration between the National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency and the working group of KSThR, which is composed of radiologists specializing in thyroid imaging. When evidence is either insufficient or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence for recommending imaging. Therefore, we suggest rating the appropriateness of imaging for specific clinical situations in this guideline.

6.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 840-860, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894763

ABSTRACT

Imaging plays a key role in the diagnosis and characterization of thyroid diseases, and the information provided by imaging studies is essential for management planning. A referral guideline for imaging studies may help physicians make reasonable decisions and minimize the number of unnecessary examinations. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed imaging guidelines for thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer using an adaptation process through a collaboration between the National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency and the working group of KSThR, which is composed of radiologists specializing in thyroid imaging. When evidence is either insufficient or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence for recommending imaging. Therefore, we suggest rating the appropriateness of imaging for specific clinical situations in this guideline.

7.
Ultrasonography ; : 594-601, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919533

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study compared the diagnostic performance of the modified Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS) for thyroid malignancy with three international guidelines. @*Methods@#From June to September 2015, 5,708 thyroid nodules (≥1.0 cm) in 5,081 consecutive patients who underwent thyroid ultrasound (US) at 26 institutions were evaluated. The US features of the thyroid nodules were retrospectively reviewed and classified according to all four guidelines. In the modified K-TIRADS, the biopsy size threshold was changed to 2.0 cm for K-TIRADS 3 and 1.0 or 1.5 cm for K-TIRADS 4 (K-TIRADS1.0cm and K-TIRADS1.5cm, respectively). We compared the diagnostic performance and unnecessary fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) rates for thyroid malignancy between the modified K-TIRADS and three international guidelines. @*Results@#Of the 5,708 thyroid nodules, 4,597 (80.5%) were benign and 1,111 (19.5%) were malignant. The overall sensitivity was highest for the modified K-TIRADS1.0cm (91.0%), followed by the European (EU)-TIRADS (84.6%), American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists/American College of Endocrinology/Associazione Medici Endocrinologi (AACE/ACE/AME) (80.5%), American College of Radiology (ACR)-TIRADS (76.1%), and modified K-TIRADS1.5cm (76.1%). For large nodules (>2.0 cm), the sensitivity increased to 98.0% in both the modified K-TIRADS1.0cm and K-TIRADS1.5cm. For small nodules (≤2.0 cm), the unnecessary FNAB rate was lowest with the modified K-TIRADS1.5cm (17.6%), followed by the ACR-TIRADS (18.6%), AACE/ACE/AME (19.3%), EU-TIRADS (28.1%), and modified K-TIRADS1.0cm (31.2%). @*Conclusion@#The modified K-TIRADS1.5cm can reduce the unnecessary FNAB rate for small nodules (1.0-2.0 cm), while maintaining high sensitivity for detecting malignancies >2.0 cm.

8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 2094-2123, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918179

ABSTRACT

Incidental thyroid nodules are commonly detected on ultrasonography (US). This has contributed to the rapidly rising incidence of low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma over the last 20 years. The appropriate diagnosis and management of these patients is based on the risk factors related to the patients as well as the thyroid nodules. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) published consensus recommendations for US-based management of thyroid nodules in 2011 and revised them in 2016. These guidelines have been used as the standard guidelines in Korea. However, recent advances in the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules have necessitated the revision of the original recommendations. The task force of the KSThR has revised the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System and recommendations for US lexicon, biopsy criteria, US criteria of extrathyroidal extension, optimal thyroid computed tomography protocol, and US follow-up of thyroid nodules before and after biopsy. The biopsy criteria were revised to reduce unnecessary biopsies for benign nodules while maintaining an appropriate sensitivity for the detection of malignant tumors in small (1–2 cm) thyroid nodules. The goal of these recommendations is to provide the optimal scientific evidence and expert opinion consensus regarding US-based diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules.

9.
Ultrasonography ; : 257-265, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835339

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic performance of machine learning in differentiating follicular adenoma from carcinoma using preoperative ultrasonography (US). @*Methods@#In this retrospective study, preoperative US images of 348 nodules from 340 patients were collected from two tertiary referral hospitals. Two experienced radiologists independently reviewed each image and categorized the nodules according to the 2015 American Thyroid Association guideline. Categorization of a nodule as highly suspicious was considered a positive diagnosis for malignancy. The nodules were manually segmented, and 96 radiomic features were extracted from each region of interest. Ten significant features were selected and used as final input variables in our in-house developed classifier models based on an artificial neural network (ANN) and support vector machine (SVM). The diagnostic performance of radiologists and both classifier models was calculated and compared. @*Results@#In total, 252 nodules from 245 patients were confirmed as follicular adenoma and 96 nodules from 95 patients were diagnosed as follicular carcinoma. As measures of diagnostic performance, the average sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the two experienced radiologists in discriminating follicular adenoma from carcinoma on preoperative US images were 24.0%, 84.0%, and 64.8%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the ANN and SVM-based models were 32.3%, 90.1%, and 74.1% and 41.7%, 79.4%, and 69.0%, respectively. The kappa value of the two radiologists was 0.076, corresponding to slight agreement. @*Conclusion@#Machine learning-based classifier models may aid in discriminating follicular adenoma from carcinoma using preoperative US.

10.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 377-383, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel radiofrequency ablation (RFA) application utilizing an adjustable electrode for treatment of benign thyroid nodules.MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 2011 to December 2018, 21 patients underwent RFA treatment on 21 thyroid nodules, utilizing an 18-gauge internally cooled electrode equipped with a size adjustable active tip. The peripheral nodule portions were ablated with the moving-shot technique and a shorter active tip, and the nodule centers were ablated with the fixed technique and a longer active tip. We assessed parameters including characteristics of the treated nodules, use of variablesized active tips, volume reduction rate, therapeutic success rate, and post-procedural complications. The therapeutic success rate was defined as a > 50% volume reduction of the initial nodule volume at the 6- or 12-month follow-up.RESULTS: The treated thyroid nodules were large enough to cause symptoms (mean volume, 29.6 mL). Two types of active tips per session were used for all nodules. The mean volume reduction rate at the last follow-up was 68.3 ± 4.4% and our therapeutic success rate was 90.5%. Both symptoms and cosmetic scores decreased significantly. Minor complications in three patients were recorded during and after the procedure.CONCLUSION: This initial study demonstrated that an adjustable electrode for RFA of benign thyroid nodules effectively and safely resulted in volume reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheter Ablation , Electrodes , Follow-Up Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 749-758, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system based on a deep learning framework (deep learning-based CAD) improves the diagnostic performance of radiologists in differentiating between malignant and benign masses on breast ultrasound (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS: B-mode US images were prospectively obtained for 253 breast masses (173 benign, 80 malignant) in 226 consecutive patients. Breast mass US findings were retrospectively analyzed by deep learning-based CAD and four radiologists. In predicting malignancy, the CAD results were dichotomized (possibly benign vs. possibly malignant). The radiologists independently assessed Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System final assessments for two datasets (US images alone or with CAD). For each dataset, the radiologists' final assessments were classified as positive (category 4a or higher) and negative (category 3 or lower). The diagnostic performances of the radiologists for the two datasets (US alone vs. US with CAD) were compared. RESULTS: When the CAD results were added to the US images, the radiologists showed significant improvement in specificity (range of all radiologists for US alone vs. US with CAD: 72.8–92.5% vs. 82.1–93.1%; p < 0.001), accuracy (77.9–88.9% vs. 86.2–90.9%; p = 0.038), and positive predictive value (PPV) (60.2–83.3% vs. 70.4–85.2%; p = 0.001). However, there were no significant changes in sensitivity (81.3–88.8% vs. 86.3–95.0%; p = 0.120) and negative predictive value (91.4–93.5% vs. 92.9–97.3%; p = 0.259). CONCLUSION: Deep learning-based CAD could improve radiologists' diagnostic performance by increasing their specificity, accuracy, and PPV in differentiating between malignant and benign masses on breast US.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Dataset , Diagnosis , Information Systems , Learning , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Mammary
12.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 609-620, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741439

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive treatment of symptomatic thyroid nodules is now commonplace. Ethanol ablation (EA) of thyroid cystic nodules has been performed since the 1990s, but there is no global consensus or guideline. Although various limitations of EA have been described, recommendations for practical application are necessary. Therefore, the Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology initiated the present consensus statement and here we provide recommendations for the role of EA in the management of symptomatic thyroid nodules. These recommendations are based on evidence to date from the literature and expert opinion.


Subject(s)
Advisory Committees , Consensus , Ethanol , Expert Testimony , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule
13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1454-1461, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760250

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively compare the diagnostic performances of two different ultrasound (US)-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) techniques for intermediate or low suspicion thyroid nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between August 2015 and December 2016, two different biopsy techniques were alternatively applied for 248 consecutive thyroid nodules, of which, 140 intermediate or low suspicion thyroid nodules were included in this study. In the first technique, two specimens included nodular tissue, nodular margin, and surrounding normal parenchyma (i.e., marginal target). In the second technique, two specimens were obtained from two different target areas, one for the marginal target and another for the intranodular target. The diagnostic performances of the two techniques to predict neoplasm and malignancy were compared. RESULTS: CNB was performed on 80 intermediate or low suspicion nodules (57.1%) using the first technique and on 60 (42.9%) using the second technique. The accuracy of the first technique for predicting neoplasm or malignancy was significantly higher than that of the second technique (100% vs. 93.3%, p = 0.032 for predicting neoplasm; 88.8% vs. 75.0%, p = 0.033 for predicting malignancy). The negative predictive value of the first technique for predicting malignancy was also significantly higher than that of the second technique (87.5% vs. 72.7%, p = 0.035). CONCLUSION: For intermediate or low suspicion thyroid nodules, US-guided CNB to obtain two specimens with marginal targets is more effective for diagnosing neoplasm or malignancy than is CNB for respective marginal and intranodular targets.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Diagnosis , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
14.
Journal of the Korean Child Neurology Society ; (4): 164-169, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728846

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To identify the significance of the 12-month developmental assessment in high-risk neonates by comparing their 12 month and later childhood development. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of high risk neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units of Korea University Ansan Hospital for ten years. Data of 146 patients, who underwent the Bayley test at 12 months of age and retook the same test at 24–36 months, was analyzed. Changes in mental developmental index (MDI) and psychomotor developmental index (PDI) were assessed and < 85 scores of indices were defined as abnormal. RESULTS: At 12 months of age, 35 (24.0%) had normal development, 45(30.8%) had psychomotor developmental delay (MDI≥85, PDI < 85), 7(4.8%) had mental developmental delay (MDI < 85, PDI≥85), and 59(40.4%) had global delay (MDI& PDI < 85). At 24–36 months of age, 52(35.6%) had normal development, 10(6.8%) had mental delay, 16(11.0%) had psychomotor delay, and 68(46.6%) had global delay. Out of 35 patients with normal development at 12 months, 27(77.1%) showed normal development after that, and 46(78.0%) of 59 patients with global delay showed a global delay. All 7 patients who had delayed mental development at 12 months showed global delay at 24–36 months of age (P < 0.01). The 12-month development of high-risk neonates was associated with later developmental status. CONCLUSION: Considering the importance of early intervention for delayed development, the 12-month Bayley test of high-risk neonates may be useful for prediction of later developmental progress.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child Development , Early Intervention, Educational , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Korea , Neuropsychological Tests , Retrospective Studies
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 632-655, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716271

ABSTRACT

Thermal ablation using radiofrequency is a new, minimally invasive modality employed as an alternative to surgery in patients with benign thyroid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers. The Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed recommendations for the optimal use of radiofrequency ablation for thyroid tumors in 2012. As new meaningful evidences have accumulated, KSThR decided to revise the guidelines. The revised guideline is based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature and expert consensus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Catheter Ablation , Consensus , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
16.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 656-664, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716270

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Core needle biopsy (CNB) of the thyroid is an additional diagnostic method for non-diagnostic or indeterminate cytology samples. We sought to evaluate a new modified core biopsy technique and compare the concordance of its diagnosis with the final diagnosis of the surgically resected specimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 842 patients who had a thyroid CNB with or without a previous fine-needle aspiration from August 2002 to March 2015; 38% of patients ultimately underwent thyroidectomy. We divided the patients into two groups for comparison: conventional group (n = 329) and new modified technique group (n = 513) that enabled sampling of not only the lesion but also the margin and surrounding parenchyma. The diagnostic conclusiveness of CNB and concordant rate with thyroidectomy was compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The overall diagnostic conclusiveness did not exhibit a significant increase (77% in the conventional technique group and 75% in the modified technique group, p = 0.408). In terms of the diagnostic concordance rate between CNB and thyroidectomy, no overall significant increase was observed (83% in the conventional technique group and 88% in the modified technique group, p = 0.194). However, only in follicular-patterned lesions (nodular hyperplasia, follicular neoplasm, and follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma), a significant increase in the diagnostic concordance rate was observed (83% in the conventional group and 94% in the modified technique group, p = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Modified CNB technique can be beneficial for the accurate diagnosis of follicular-patterned thyroid lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Diagnosis , Hyperplasia , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Thyroidectomy
17.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 992-999, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of gray-scale ultrasonography (US), Doppler scan, and elastography using carotid artery pulsation in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules and to find a complementary role of elastography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 197 thyroid nodules with 91 malignant and 106 benign pathologic results from 187 patients (41 males and 146 females; age range, 20–83 years; mean age, 49.4 years) were included in this prospective study. The gray-scale, Doppler US images, elastography with elasticity contrast index (ECI), and stiffness color were assessed. The diagnostic performances of each dataset were assessed in order to differentiate benign from malignant thyroid nodules. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of the ECI was 1.71. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (Az value) was 0.821 for gray-scale US, 0.661 for the ECI, 0.592 for stiffness color, and 0.539 for Doppler US. The Az value for a combined assessment of gray-scale US and the ECI was higher than that for the gray-scale US alone; however, there was no statistical difference between the two (p = 0.219). The median ECI values of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) and follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) were significantly lower than those of the other malignant lesions (p = 0.005). Meanwhile, the diffuse sclerosing variant of PTC and a metastatic nodule showed the two highest median values of the ECI. CONCLUSION: For differentiating thyroid nodules, the diagnostic performances of the combination of gray-scale US and elastography with the ECI were similar to, but not superior, to those of gray-scale US alone. FVPTC and FTC have a significantly lower ECI value than those of the other malignant lesions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular , Carotid Arteries , Dataset , Diagnosis , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1000-1005, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ultrasonography (US) features and clinical characteristics of columnar cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CCV-PTC) that can predict disease progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six cases of CCV-PTC were identified via surgical pathology analysis at our institution from 1994 to 2016. The histological, architectural, and cytological features met the diagnostic criteria of CCV-PTC. We reviewed the US features and clinicopathological findings in the six cases. RESULTS: An indolent clinical course was observed in four young female patients aged 27–34 years (median: 32 years), while two older patients aged 55 years or 70 years had an aggressive clinical course. All patients underwent total thyroidectomy and radioiodine therapy. The indolent group included patients with T1 and nodal metastasis, where the disease was not observed during the follow-up period (range: 8–17 years). On the other hand, a larger tumor size (1.8 cm and 6.0 cm), gross extrathyroidal extension to the muscle and lymph node, and distant metastasis were observed in the aggressive group. In one male patient, recurrence occurred immediately after operation, and this patient died 4 years after the diagnosis of thyroid cancer. Based on US, the individuals from the indolent group had a smooth margin, except for one. Both cases in the aggressive group had a microlobulated margin. CONCLUSION: Favorable prognosis in CCV-PTC is observed in young patients with T1 staging and demonstrates a smooth margin at US. These US findings might help exclude the same treatment as the aggressive type in the indolent type of CCV-PTC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology, Surgical , Prognosis , Recurrence , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Ultrasonography
19.
Ultrasonography ; : 103-110, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731206

ABSTRACT

Ultrasonography (US) is routinely used to evaluate thyroid nodules. The US features of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), the most common thyroid malignancy, include hypoechogenicity, spiculated/microlobulated margins, microcalcifications, and a nonparallel orientation. However, many PTC variants have been identified, some of which differ from the classic type of PTC in terms of biological behavior and clinical outcomes. This review describes the US features and clinical implications of the variants of PTC. With the introduction of active surveillance replacing immediate biopsy or surgical treatment of indolent, small PTCs, an understanding of the US characteristics of PTC variants will facilitate the individualized management of patients with PTC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 217-237, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208823

ABSTRACT

Core needle biopsy (CNB) has been suggested as a complementary diagnostic method to fine-needle aspiration in patients with thyroid nodules. Many recent CNB studies have suggested a more advanced role for CNB, but there are still no guidelines on its use. Therefore, the Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology has developed the present consensus statement and recommendations for the role of CNB in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. These recommendations are based on evidence from the current literature and expert consensus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Consensus , Diagnosis , Methods , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule
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