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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 10-19, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913838

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of the study was to validate the Korean version of Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 29 Profile v2.1 (K-PROMIS-29 V2.1) among cancer survivors. @*Materials and Methods@#Participants were recruited from outpatient clinics of the Comprehensive Cancer Center at the Samsung Medical Center in Seoul, South Korea, from September to October 2018. Participants completed a survey questionnaire that included the K-PROMIS-29 V2.1 and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30). Principal component analysis and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Pearson’s correlations were used to evaluate the reliability and validity of the K-PROMIS-29 V2.1. @*Results@#The mean age of the study participants was 54.4 years, the mean time since diagnosis was 1.2 (±2.4) years, and 349 (87.3%) completed the entire questionnaire. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of the seven domains in the K-PROMIS-29 V2.1 ranged from 0.81 to 0.96, indicating satisfactory internal consistency. In the CFA, the goodness-of-fit indices for the K-PROMIS-29 V2.1 were high (comparative fit index, 0.91 and standardized root-mean-squared residual, 0.06). High to moderate correlations were found between comparable subscales of the K-PROMIS-29 V2.1 and subscales of the EORTC QLQ-C30 (r=0.52-0.73). @*Conclusion@#The K-PROMIS-29 V2.1 is a reliable and valid measure for assessing the health-related quality of life domains in a cancer population, thus supporting their use in studies and oncology trials.

2.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e42-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926485

ABSTRACT

A 1-year-old male Persian cat was presented for castration. Liver incarcerated in a peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia (PPDH) was diagnosed through pre-anesthetic tests. Multiple homogeneous hyperechoic nodules in the hepatic parenchyma were identified using ultrasound. The nodules showed decreased attenuation compared with normal hepatic parenchyma, and the herniated hepatic parenchyma showed increased arterial and decreased portal enhancement on computed tomography. From the histopathology, we diagnosed hydropic degeneration with portal fibrosis and myelolipoma. This report presents diagnostic imaging features of hepatic myelolipoma incarcerated in a PPDH in a cat. When perfusion of the hepatic parenchyma is altered, surgical treatment should be considered.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e212-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899882

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of the study was to translate and linguistically validate a Korean language version of the PROMIS (K-PROMIS) for the six profile adult domains: Fatigue, Pain Intensity, Pain Interference, Physical Function, Sleep Disturbance, and Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities. @*Methods@#A total of 268 items were translated into Korean according to the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy multilingual translation methodology. Participants first completed approximately 27 to 35 items and were then interviewed to evaluate the conceptual equivalence of the translation to the original English language source.The K-PROMIS items that met the a priori threshold of ≥ 20% of respondents with comprehension difficulties in the cognitive interview. @*Results@#54 of the 268 items were identified as difficult items to comprehend for at least 20% of respondents in Round 1. The most frequently identified K-PROMIS domain on difficult items to comprehend was the Physical function (24.5%). Most items with linguistic difficulties were Fatigue and Physical function. Cultural difficulties were only included the Physical function and Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities domains. 25 of 54 items were slightly revised, and then these revised items were tested with additional six participants in Round 2, and most participants had no problems to understand modified items. @*Conclusion@#The six profile adult domains of K-PROMIS have been linguistically validated.Further psychometric validation of the K-PROMIS items will provide additional information of meaningful outcomes for chronic disease and clinical setting.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e212-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892178

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of the study was to translate and linguistically validate a Korean language version of the PROMIS (K-PROMIS) for the six profile adult domains: Fatigue, Pain Intensity, Pain Interference, Physical Function, Sleep Disturbance, and Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities. @*Methods@#A total of 268 items were translated into Korean according to the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy multilingual translation methodology. Participants first completed approximately 27 to 35 items and were then interviewed to evaluate the conceptual equivalence of the translation to the original English language source.The K-PROMIS items that met the a priori threshold of ≥ 20% of respondents with comprehension difficulties in the cognitive interview. @*Results@#54 of the 268 items were identified as difficult items to comprehend for at least 20% of respondents in Round 1. The most frequently identified K-PROMIS domain on difficult items to comprehend was the Physical function (24.5%). Most items with linguistic difficulties were Fatigue and Physical function. Cultural difficulties were only included the Physical function and Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities domains. 25 of 54 items were slightly revised, and then these revised items were tested with additional six participants in Round 2, and most participants had no problems to understand modified items. @*Conclusion@#The six profile adult domains of K-PROMIS have been linguistically validated.Further psychometric validation of the K-PROMIS items will provide additional information of meaningful outcomes for chronic disease and clinical setting.

5.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e58-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833682

ABSTRACT

Background@#Quantitative evaluation of renal cortical echogenicity (RCE) has been tried anddeveloped in human and veterinary medicine. @*Objectives@#The objective of this study was to propose a method for evaluating RCEquantitatively and intuitively, and to determine associations between ultrasonographic renalstructural distinction and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in canine chronickidney disease (CKD). @*Methods@#Data were collected on 63 dogs, including 27 with normal kidney function and 36CKD patients. Symmetric dimethylarginine and creatinine concentrations were measuredfor calculating eGFR. RCE was evaluated as 3 grades on ultrasonography images accordingto the distinction between the renal cortex and outer medulla. The RCE grade of each kidneywas measured. @*Results@#There was a significant difference in eGFR between the group normal and CKD (p< 0.001). As mean of RCE grades (the mean values of each right and left kidney's RCE grade)increases, the proportion of group CKD among the patients in each grade increases (p <0.001). Also, severity of RCE (classified as "high" if any right or left kidney evaluated as RCEgrade 3, "low" otherwise) and eGFR is good indicator for predicting group CKD (p < 0.001). @*Conclusions@#The degree of distinction between the renal cortex and the outer medulla isclosely related to renal function including eGFR and the RCE grade defined in this study canbe used as a method of objectively evaluating RCE.

6.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e62-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758959

ABSTRACT

Evaluation of mandibular lymph nodes in a patient with head and neck cancer is important for stage determination and prognosis development, and, in human medicine, the use of sonoelastography for differentiating between non-metastatic and metastatic lymph nodes has been reported. Our prospective, cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of strain elastography and to determine elastographic cut-off values for predicting malignancy. Sixty-six mandibular lymph nodes were included (clinical healthy, n = 45; non-metastatic, n = 8; and metastatic, n = 13). Elastographic images were evaluated qualitatively (elastographic pattern) and semi-quantitatively (mean hue histogram and stiffness area ratios). Elastographic patterns were classified as grades 1 to 4, according to the percentage of high elasticity determined by visualization. The mean hue histogram was defined based on as the mean pixel color values within the lymph node. Stiffness area ratios were determined by computer program analysis of the stiff area. Among the criteria, receiver operating characteristic curve analyses revealed cut-off values for the prediction of malignancy of 92.26 for mean hue histogram (sensitivity: 100%, specificity: 92%), and 0.17 for stiffness area ratios (sensitivity: 86%, specificity of 100%). Reproducibility and repeatability were excellent. In conclusion, semi-quantitative evaluation via strain elastography holds potential for predicting lymph node malignancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Cross-Sectional Studies , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Lymph Nodes , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e66-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758955

ABSTRACT

The authors regret that there were errors in funding section.

8.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e57-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758934

ABSTRACT

Theophylline acts as a bronchodilator and has an anti-inflammatory effect. In addition, theophylline can be applied in patients where there are concerns regarding the side-effects of corticosteroids. This retrospective case series evaluated theophylline-based therapy in tracheal collapse (TC) canine patients. Forty-seven dogs with TC that received theophylline-based therapy during 2013–2017 were investigated. A fluoroscopic examination was performed to diagnose and grade TC. Theophylline was prescribed (7.5–30 mg/kg PO q12h) and the theophylline serum concentrations were measured. Coughing was assessed using a coughing scoring scale. The mean coughing score decreased after the theophylline-based therapy compared with that observed before treatment. Clinical improvements were observed in 46/47 patients (97.9%). As the intrathoracic TC grading increased, the final theophylline dosage also increased (p value 0.019). The symptom-free period (SFP) with therapy was 189.7 ± 194.45 days (range, 0–720 days) and there was no statistically significant correlation between the SFP and age, sex, or TC grade on fluoroscopy. Although theophylline has generally been used as a third-line treatment, it was used as the main treatment in this study and most patients showed improvements. Dogs have a wider therapeutic index of serum concentrations than humans, and any undesirable effects were easily overcome. With further research, this therapy may prove to be a useful approach, but its safety for long-term use in the treatment of canine TC patients needs to be established.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Cough , Fluoroscopy , Retrospective Studies , Theophylline
9.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e38-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758927

ABSTRACT

Use of a saline chaser has been reported to allow reduction of contrast dose and artifacts during computed tomography (CT) examination in humans. This study assesses the extent of contrast dose by using a saline chaser in abdominal CT scans of normal dogs. Five beagles underwent abdominal CT scans. Three protocols were applied: 600 mg I/kg iohexol without saline chaser (protocol 1), 30% lower dose of iohexol (420 mg I/kg) followed by a 10 mL saline chaser (protocol 2), and 40% lower dose of iohexol (360 mg I/kg) followed by a 10 mL saline chaser (protocol 3). Attenuation values were obtained from aorta, portal vein, and liver parenchyma. The maximum enhancement values (MEVs) in protocol 2 were significantly higher than those in protocols 1 and 3 in the aorta; no difference was seen in the portal vein in all protocols. The liver parenchymal MEVs in protocols 1 and 2 were significantly higher than those obtained in protocol 3. In this study, the use of a saline chaser and a reduced dose of contrast material did not affect vessel enhancement. In conclusion, use of a saline chaser for abdominal CT of dogs is recommended because it allows a 30% reduction of contrast dose without decreasing vascular and hepatic parenchymal enhancement.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Abdomen , Aorta , Artifacts , Iohexol , Liver , Portal Vein , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 205-208, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211701

ABSTRACT

Study purposes were to evaluate ultrasonographic characteristics of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and quantitate bladder tumor size in dogs. Heterogeneous mass, wall involvement, and broad-based attachment were significantly associated with TCC, but not prominently the trigone region. Mass size evaluation revealed a significant correlation between progressive disease (PD) in TCC patients with piroxicam therapy. Largest diameter of target lesion/body weight (cm/kg) ratio showed a high mean value in PD. A value > 0.3 was associated with PD with 83% sensitivity and 66% specificity. The results suggest that ultrasonography can provide evidence for diagnosing and predicting a prognosis for TCC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Piroxicam , Prognosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
11.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : 113-116, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111262

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine normal bronchi in dogs by using virtual bronchoscopy (VB) and to evaluate the utility of VB in clinical practice. The bronchi of six dogs without tracheobronchial disease were visualized by VB. Airways from the tracheal bifurcation to the lobar bronchi were well visualized in all dogs. Segmental and subsegmental bronchi were also well identified, but the degree and number of those varied with dog size. The mean numbers of segmental and subsegmental bronchi identified in the six dogs were 41.83 and 50.17, respectively, whereas, the mean numbers in medium- and large-sized dogs were 55.00 and 82.67, respectively, and in small-sized dogs, the means were 28.67 and 17.67, respectively. Although there were size-dependent differences in VB visualization of the bronchi, it was possible to identify peripheral airways to the subsegmental bronchi level, which can rarely be accomplished via conventional bronchoscopy. VB is the noninvasive method that can be used to examine bronchial anatomy, and our results suggest that VB can be useful for evaluating bronchi, including segmental and subsegmental ones that cannot be examined routinely by conventional bronchoscopy. Thus, VB has potential as an alternative to conventional bronchoscopy in the examination of bronchi in dogs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Bronchi , Bronchoscopy , Methods
12.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 369-376, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57410

ABSTRACT

Small-breed dogs (n = 168; weight < 15 kg) diagnosed with myxomatous mitral valve degeneration based on a routine clinical examination, radiology, electrocardiography, and echocardiography at the Seoul National University Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital were included in this study. Survival periods were determined, and there were significant differences in survival rates among the three International Small Animal Cardiac Health Council classes. The mean follow-up period was 14.3 ± 12.1 months. Univariate analysis revealed that dyspnea, pulmonary edema, and vertebral heart score were significantly associated with survival time (p < 0.05). Additionally, age, left atrial-to-aortic root ratio, ejection fraction, and left ventricular end diastolic volume were associated with an increased risk of death (p < 0.1), while body weight, body condition score, systolic blood pressure, arrhythmia, syncope, fractional shortening, and end systolic volume were not associated with an increased risk of death. These results suggest that among the assessed variables dyspnea, pulmonary edema, and vertebral heart score could be useful prognostic factors for providing patient information to owners.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Blood Pressure , Body Weight , Dyspnea , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart Failure , Hospitals, Teaching , Mitral Valve , Prognosis , Pulmonary Edema , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Stroke Volume , Survival Rate , Syncope
13.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 399-406, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57407

ABSTRACT

Ureteral jets are the result of a forceful ejection of urine from the vesicoureteral junction into the urinary bladder. By using color Doppler ultrasonography (US), we aimed to identify distinct ureteral jets in dogs, provide insight into ureteral obstruction, and facilitate study of urodynamics and vesicoureteric sphincter function via pulsed Doppler US. Color Doppler US was applied to detect urinary flow from the right ureteral orifices in eight healthy beagles. Under anesthesia, 0.9% saline (2.5 mL/kg/h) and furosemide (0.5 mg/kg) were administered intravenously to assist in detection of distinct ureteral jets and examine their frequency, velocity, duration, and waveform. In all dogs, ureteral jets were visualized under diuresis and anesthesia within 2 to 5 min (mean 3.57 ± 0.90 min) of the furosemide injection. Mean frequency, peak velocity, and duration of right ureteral jets in seven dogs in whom six ureteral jet waveform patterns were identified were 9.86 ± 3.09 jets/min, 34.07 ± 10.02 cm/sec, and 2.82 ± 1.08 sec, respectively. During the 10 min period starting 10 min after the initial jet appeared, only three waveforms were identified. Color Doppler US of ureteral jets may aid in assessing vesicoureteric sphincter function and ureteral abnormalities, such as ureteral obstruction, in dogs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Anesthesia , Diuresis , Furosemide , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Ureter , Ureteral Obstruction , Urinary Bladder , Urodynamics
14.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 415-417, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57405

ABSTRACT

One-year-old male Persian cat presented with multiple fractures and no known traumatic history. Marked decrease of bone radiopacity and thin cortices of all long bones were identified on radiography. Tentative diagnosis was osteogenesis imperfecta, a congenital disorder characterized by fragile bone. To determine bone mineral density (BMD), quantitative computed tomography (QCT) was performed. The QCT results revealed a mean trabecular BMD of vertebral bodies of 149.9 ± 86.5 mg/cm³. After bisphosphonate therapy, BMD of the same site increased significantly (218.5 ± 117.1 mg/cm³, p < 0.05). QCT was a useful diagnostic tool to diagnose osteopenia and quantify response to medical treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Humans , Male , Bone Density , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Diagnosis , Fractures, Multiple , Osteogenesis Imperfecta , Osteogenesis , Radiography
15.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 559-561, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11450

ABSTRACT

A dog with a history of diarrhea and dyschezia exhibited an oval-shaped, soft-tissue opacity mass in the abdomen on radiographs. CT examination revealed a large fluid-filled structure displacing the urinary bladder, prostate, and colon. The mass had continuity with the prostate; therefore, it was tentatively diagnosed as a paraprostatic cyst. Cytologic examination was performed and the mass was considered a non-inflammatory cyst. However, after surgery, histopathologic examination revealed a necrotic, inflamed cystic lipoma. This case shows that unusual intra-abdominal lipomas may have a cystic appearance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Abdomen , Colon , Constipation , Diagnostic Imaging , Diarrhea , Lipoma , Prostate , Urinary Bladder
16.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 499-505, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16834

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study included 222 dogs suspected to have tracheal collapse (TC) and examined between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015. Fluoroscopic and radiographic images and medical records were evaluated to investigate the fluoroscopic characteristics of TC and cervical lung herniation (CLH), and to determine their relationships to various influencing. Grade of TC, existence of tracheal kinking, location of CLH (right or left side), and grade of CLH were evaluated fluoroscopically. One hundred ninety-nine dogs (89.6%) were diagnosed with TC. Presence of TC was not associated with the patients' cough history; however, CLH was positively correlated with cough history (odds ratio [OR], 2.896; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.556 to 5.390) and was affected by tracheal kinking (OR, 3.841; 95% CI, 1.884 to 7.831). Chronic cough was not related with CLH. Since TC can be observed in patients without a history of cough, presence of TC should be ruled out by using physical examination and diagnostic imaging. Although CLH is associated with a history of cough, it is a common appearance in dogs, and transient coughing can elicit CLH in patients without a history of cough.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , Cough , Diagnostic Imaging , Fluoroscopy , Lung , Medical Records , Physical Examination , Retrospective Studies
17.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 221-224, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86396

ABSTRACT

The bronchoarterial (BA) ratio measured with computed tomography is widely used in human medicine to diagnose bronchial dilation or collapse. Although use of the BA ratio in veterinary medicine has been recently studied, this has not been evaluated in brachycephalic dogs predisposed to bronchial diseases including bronchial collapse. The purpose of this study was to establish BA ratios for brachycephalic dogs and compare the values with those of non-brachycephalic dogs. Twenty-three brachycephalic dogs and 15 non-brachycephalic dogs without clinical pulmonary disease were evaluated. The BA ratio of the lobar bronchi in the left and right cranial as well as the right middle, left, and right caudal lung lobes was measured. No significant difference in mean BA ratio was observed between lung lobes or the individual animals (p = 0.148). The mean BA ratio was 1.08 +/- 0.10 (99% CI = 0.98~1.18) for brachycephalic dogs and 1.51 +/- 0.05 (99% CI = 1.46~1.56) for the non-brachycephalic group. There was a significant difference between the mean BA ratios of the brachycephalic and non-brachycephalic groups (p = 0.00). Defining the normal limit of the BA ratio for brachycephalic breeds may be helpful for diagnosing bronchial disease in brachycephalic dogs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Male , Bronchial Arteries/anatomy & histology , Craniosynostoses/pathology , Dog Diseases/pathology , Lung Diseases/etiology , Reference Values , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary
18.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 187-193, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-191851

ABSTRACT

The height, width, and cross-sectional area of the vertebral canal and spinal cord along with the area ratio of spinal cord to vertebral canal in the cervical vertebra were evaluated in images obtained using computed tomography (CT). Measurements were taken at the cranial, middle, and caudal point of each cervical vertebra in eight clinically normal small breed dogs (two shih tzu, two miniature schnauzers, and four mixed breed), 10 beagles, and four German shepherds. CT myelography facilitated the delineation of the epidural space, subarachnoid space, and spinal cord except at the caudal portion of the 7th cervical vertebra. The spinal cord had a tendency to have a clear ventral border in the middle portion of the vertebral canal and lateral borders near both end plates. The height, width, and area of the vertebral canal and spinal cord in the cervical vertebra were increased as the size of dog increased. However, the ratio of the spinal cord area to vertebral canal area in the small dogs was higher than that of the larger dogs. Results of the present study could provide basic and quantitative information for CT evaluation of pathologic lesions in the cervical vertebra and spinal cord.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Size , Cervical Vertebrae/anatomy & histology , Dogs/anatomy & histology , Reference Values , Spinal Canal/anatomy & histology , Spinal Cord/anatomy & histology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary
19.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 455-458, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106728

ABSTRACT

Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) mapping are functional magnetic resonance imaging techniques for detecting water diffusion. DWI and the ADC map were performed for intracranial lesions in two dogs. In necrotizing leukoencephalitis, cavitated lesions contained a hypointense center with a hyperintense periphery on DWI, and hyperintense signals on the ADC maps. In metastatic sarcoma, masses including a necrotic region were hypointense with DWI, and hyperintense on the ADC map with hyperintense perilesional edema on DWI and ADC map. Since DWI and ADC data reflect the altered water diffusion, they can provide additional information at the molecular level.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Brain/pathology , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/veterinary , Dog Diseases/pathology , Leukoencephalopathies/pathology , Necrosis/veterinary , Neuroimaging/veterinary , Sarcoma/pathology
20.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 85-90, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-219414

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated pulsed TDI variables including the isovolumic time interval and duration of the major wave in a population of large healthy dogs. Longitudinal myocardial motion at the septal mitral annulus was evaluated with pulsed TDI in 45 healthy adult dogs. Maximal myocardial velocities, isovolumic time intervals, and duration of the myocardial waves were measured. The correlation between time intervals and velocity variables was also investigated. The mean maximal systolic velocity was 6.92 +/- 1.78 cm/sec, the mean early diastolic velocity (Em) was 6.58 +/- 1.81 cm/sec, the mean late diastolic velocity (Am) was 5.10 +/- 2.00 cm/sec, the mean isovolumic contraction time (IVCT) was 53.61 +/- 95.13 msec, and the mean isovolumic relaxation time (IVRT) was 26.74 +/- 57.24 msec. The early diastolic mitral inflow velocity (E)/Em ratio was 10.94 +/- 3.27 while the Em/Am ratio was 1.40 +/- 0.40. There was a negative correlation between Am duration and Am amplitude, and a positive correlation between the IVRT and Em/Am ratio (p < 0.05). The normal LV parameter using pulsed TDI method could be used as the reference range for identifying myocardial dysfunction in dogs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Dogs/anatomy & histology , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Pulsed/methods
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