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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691297

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility and application value of improved anvil placement in laparoscopic resection of low rectal cancer with resection of anal eversion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective study was performed on 17 patients who were operated by improved extracorporeal anvil placement in laparoscopic resection of low rectal cancer with resection of anal eversion at Huaihe Hospital of Henan University during June 2015 and June 2017.</p><p><b>INCLUSION CRITERIA</b>(1) distance from tumor low margin to anal edge was 4 to 6 cm; (2) protrusive type tumor with a circumferential diameter of less than 3 cm; (3) ulcer type tumor with circumferential bowel infiltration of less than 1/2; (4) no distant metastasis(M0) and preoperative MRI of pelvic floor indicating T1-3N0. Patients with BMI>35 kg/m, or insufficient length of sigmoid and mesentery, or thickening sigmoid and mesentery were excluded. According to total mesorectal excision(TME) principle, rectum and its mesentery was resected completely; the sigmoid colon was cut off at the superior margin of tumor; the oval forceps was placed through anus to clamp and evert the rectum out of the anus; the rectum was transected at 1-2 cm from the lower edge of the tumor; the distal sigmoid colon was pulled out through anus; purse string suture was made after insertion of anvil and was restored to the abdominal cavity; end-to-end anastomosis of the rectum and sigmoid colon was performed after closing rectal stump.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 17 low rectal cancer patients, 10 were male and 7 were female with age of 42 to 71 (median 58) years old and BMI of 20.6 to 33.5(median 26) kg/m. Preoperative staging indicated 2 cases of stage I, 15 cases of stage II. Distance from tumor low margin to anal edge was 4 to 6(median 5.0) cm and diameter of tumor was 3.4 to 4.8 (median 4.2) cm. All the patients completed operations successfully without conversion to laparotomy. The operation time was 124 to 182 (median 136) minutes. Distal sigmoid colon was difficult to pull out in 1 patient due to the insufficient free of the mesosigmoid, which was then successful after the mesosigmoid was dissociated with laparoscopy thoroughly again. The intraoperative blood loss was 10 to 50 (median 20) ml. Postoperative pathology reveled 2 cases of stage I, 12 cases of stageII and 3 cases of stage III; 1 case of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, 15 cases of moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma and 1 case of highly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The postoperative exhaust time was 24 to 128 (median 36) hours and hospital stay was 5 to 15 (median 8) days. No anastomotic leakage and intra-abdominal infection was found. Fifteen patients were followed up for 5 to 24 months without local recurrence or distant metastasis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The improved anvil placement in laparoscopic resection of low rectal cancer with resection of anal eversion without abdominal incision is safe and feasible.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anal Canal , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Rectum , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464966

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of combined detection with MMP-9 and uPA in the progno-sis of pancreatic carcinoma. Methods By immunohistochemistry PV methods,the expression of MMP-9 and uPA was respectively studied in 63 surgical specimens of primary pancreatic carcinoma and the survival time of patients with pancreatic carcinoma was analysed. Results The expressions of MMP-9 and uPA were positively related(r=0. 573,P=0. 000). The expression of MMP-9 and uPA significantly correlated with differentiation (r= -0. 271,P=0. 032;r= -0. 333,P=0. 008),TNM stages(r= -0. 449,P=0. 000;r= -0. 430,P=0. 000)and lymph node metastasis(r=0. 329,P=0. 009;r=0. 400,P=0. 001),separately. The expression of MMP-9 had also a significant correlation with tumer size(r= -0. 297,P=0. 018)and distant metastasis(r=0. 320,P=0. 011). Univariate analysis identified that tumor size(χ2 =8. 766,P=0. 012),differentiation(χ2 =29. 050,P=0. 000),clinical stage(χ2 =24. 940,P=0. 000),distant metastasis(χ2 =12. 846,P=0. 000), lymph node metastasis(χ2 =15. 457,P=0. 000),MMP-9(χ2 =32. 700,P=0. 000)and uPA(χ2 =41. 495,P=0. 000)were significantly associated with prognosis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that 1-year survival rate of patients with MMP-9 ( -),uPA ( -)were significantly longer than that of the patients with MMP-9( ﹢),uPA( ﹢),respectively(χ2 =32. 700,P=0. 000;χ2 =41. 495,P=0. 000);1-year survival rate of patients with MMP-9( -)/uPA( -)was significantly longer than the others( Log-rank test,χ2 = 54. 892, P=0. 000). COX regression revealed that differentiation(RR=2. 315,P=0. 004),clinical stage(RR=1. 694, P=0. 002),MMP-9(RR=0. 165,P=0. 000)and uPA(RR=0. 244,P=0. 007)was independent prognostic factors in pancreatic carcinoma. Conclusion They may have a synergistic function in the the process of growth and invasion in pancreatic cancer between MMP-9 and uPA,and the posssible mechanism is that uPA activate degradation of MMP-9,which is not favorable to prognosis. Combined analysis of MMP-9 and uPA may lead to a more reliable prognostic estimation,as the beneficial supplement of the differentiation,and clinical stage to judge the prognosis of pancreatic cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447333

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the life quality changes and influencing factors of acute coronary syn -drome after stent implantation .Methods 100 cases with acute coronary syndrome received stent implantation were selected .SF-36 life quality questionnaire was used to survey the patients′life quality before operation and 6 months af-ter operation,and the life quality changes and influence factors were analyzed .Results 6 months after operation,the physical activity ,mental health ,social activities ,physical pain ,physical function ,physical role ,energy and health score of the patients were higher than before operation (P<0.05).According to Logistic regression analysis ,female,type 2 diabetes,underwent percutaneous coronary intervention ,ST-T segment elevation myocardial infarction were the im-portant factors affecting patients′recovery(P<0.05).Conclusion 6 months after stent implantation,the life quality of the patients with acute coronary syndrome were improved obviously;the female and underwent percutaneous coro-nary intervention have positive influence on patients′recovery,while type 2 diabetes,ST-T segment elevation myocar-dial infarction affect patients′recovery in negative way .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455445

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical management of adult presacral tumors.Methods The clinical data of 24 patients with adult presacral tumors from 2007 to 2012 were retrospectively analysed.All patients were diagnosed by digital rectal examination and imaging examination before operation.Seventeen patients with via sacrococcygeal approach,4 patients with via abdominal approach,and 3 patients with via combined abdominal and sacrococcygeal approach.Results The incision of 22 patients primary healing.There were 2 patients with postoperative incision infections,after dressing change cure.No patients died during perioperative period.Twenty patients were followed up for 3-17 months,1 patient with via abdominal approach recurrenced,and was healed after a second surgical resection.Conclusions Digital rectal examination and imaging examination are the main methods for diagnosis of adult presacral tumors.Most adult presacral tumors can be resected through sacrococcygeal route.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437599

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) and bile acid levels in patients with colon cancer.Methods Totally 189 patients with colon cancer (CC group),201 patients with adenomatous polyp (AP group),and 512 healthy patients (control group) who were confirmed by endoscopy were included in this study.The fecal SCFA and bile acid levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Results The total bile acids,primary bile acids,and secondary bile acids were not significantly different among these three groups (P > 0.05).The chenodeoxycholate level in the CC group [0.338 (0.101,0.416) mg/g] was significandy higher than that in AP group [0.241 (0.108,0.375) mg/g] and control group [0.248 (0.110,0.371) mg/g] (P=0.025,P=0.023),but was not significantly different between the AP groupand the control group (P > 0.05).The deoxycholic acid level in CC group [0.375 (0.136,0.503) mg/g] and AP group [0.369 (0.113,0.494) mg/g] were significandy higher than that in control group [0.277 (0.115,0.412) mg/g] (P=0.026,P=0.024),and the difference between CC group and AP group was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).The level of lithocholic acid in CC group [0.386 (0.147,0.507) mg/g] was significantly higher than those in the AP group [0.103 (0.012,0.238) mg/g] and control group [0.239 (0.081,0.405) rng/g] (P=0.011,P=0.027); also,its level in AP group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P =0.022).The levels of total short-chain fatty acids,acetic acid,propionic acid,and isovaleric acid were not significantly different among the control group,AP group,and CC group (P>0.05).The levels of butyrate [0.105 (0.059,0.198) mg/g,0.090 (0.050,0.183) mg/g],isobutyl acid [0.036 (0.024,0.046) mg/g,0.025 (0.020,0.034) mg/g] in CC group and AP group were significantly higher than in the control group [0.081 (0.051,0.107) mg/g,0.021 (0.016,0.029) mg/g] (butyrate:P=0.026,P=0021; isobutyl acid:P=0.025,P=0.019),and the difference between CC group and AP group was statistically significant (butyrate:P =0.031; isobutyl acid:P =0.024).Conclusions Fetal chenodeoxycholic acid,lithocholic acid,butyric acid,and isobutyric acid may play a role in the developmem of colon cancer,while deoxycholic acid may also be implicated in both colon cancer and colon adenomas.No association is found between other SCFA and bile acids and colorectal cancer/adenoma.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399645

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical effect of surgical treatment for hilar cholangio-carcinoma. Methods The clinical data of 89 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma surgically treated in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into 3 groups: radical resection(group A,n=23),palliative resection (group B,n=44) and external drainage operation (group C,n=22). Complications,operative mortality,survival rate and posttreatment quality of lire were compara-tively analyzed among the 3 groups. Results The rate of complications was significantly higher in group A than in group C (P<0.05). There was no marked difference in operative mortality between group A and group B (P>0.05). The 1-,2-and 3-year survival rates and scoring of quality of life were remarkably higher in group A than in other 2 groups (P<0. 001 and 0. 05). Conclusion Radical re-section of hilar cholangiocarcinoma can improve the long-term survival and significantly enhance quality of life of the patients after operation. For patients receiving unradical resection, palliative surgical man-agement can improve the long-term survival and enhance quality of life.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-523311

ABSTRACT

AIM: Niflumic acid (NFA) is known as a kind of inhibitor of calcium-activated chloride channel. The inhibition and mechanism of NFA on the proliferation of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) were investigated. METHODS: Using [ 3H]-TdR incorporation method, we examined the effect of NFA (at concentration of 10 and 50 ?mol/L) on the proliferation of primarily ASMCs from BALB/c mouse. With confocal laser scanning microscope the [Ca 2+ ]i in ASMCs exposed to histamine was observed, and the opposed effects of NFA and nifedipine on histamine were also checked. Finally the effect of NFA on expression of MAPK in ASMCs was examined by indirect immunofluorescent assay. RESULTS: Compared with control group, the proliferation of NFA group was reduced markedly with dependent concentration. Histamine significantly improved the [Ca 2+ ]i in ASMCs, but NFA and nifedipine showed the inhibition on the effect of histamine. NFA reduced the level of MAPK expression in ASMCs. CONCLUSION: It is demonstrated that NFA inhibits the proliferation of ASMCs by reducing [Ca 2+ ]i and the expression level of MAPK. [

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