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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775809

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore serological and molecular characteristics of a family trio with weak B phenotype.@*METHODS@#ABO blood type of the family was determined with a serological method. Genotypes of the ABO gene were determined with PCR-sequence specific primer (PCR-SSP). Sequences of exons 6 and 7 of the ABO gene were analyzed by PCR sequence-based testing.@*RESULTS@#Serologically, the proband and her father were determined as B subtype (Bw), while her mother was of O group. The genotypes of the proband and her father were Bw12/O, while her mother was O01/O01. Sequencing of exons 6 and 7 of the ABO gene confirmed that the proband and her father were Bw12/O01. Compared with B101/O01, the Bw12 subtype carried a missense mutation (278C>T) in exon 6 of the ABO gene.@*CONCLUSION@#The 278C>T mutation probably underlies the Bw phenotype and can be transmitted stably.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System , Genetics , Alleles , Base Sequence , Exons , Female , Genotype , Humans , Male , Mutation, Missense , Phenotype , Sequence Analysis, DNA
2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 148-152, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705793

ABSTRACT

Cancer is the most cause death of among adolescents and young adults (AYAs).Psychological distress caused by cancer affects AYAs' effective coping abilities of disease,physical symptoms and treatment.This paper mainly introduces the related concepts,screening tools and intervention progress of psychological distress of AYAs cancer patients to deepen the understanding of these among clinical professionals and provide reference for implement effective interventions to patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511825

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical effect of hysteroscopic eletrosurgery for abnormal uterine bleeding of endometrial polyps.Methods 126 patients with abnormal uterine bleeding of endometrial polyps were selected,and they were selected and randomly divided into control group and research group according to the digital table,63 cases in each group.The control group received traditional curettage surgery, the research group received hysteroscopic eletrosurgery.The intraoperative blood loss,operative time,length of hospital stay,postoperative menstruation recovery time,therapeutic effect and complications were compared between the two groups.Results The intraoperative blood loss and operation time of the research group were significantly lower than those of the control group (t1=7.44,P1<0.01,t2=7.78,P2<0.01).And there were no statistical differences between the two groups in length of hospital stay and postoperative menstruation recovery time(t1=1.82,P1=0.07,t2=1.71,P2=0.09).The total cure rate of the research group was 100.00%,which of the control group was 92.14%,the difference was statistically significant(x2=8.18,P=0.00).The incidence rate of complications of the research group was 3.17%, which of the control group was 17.50%,the difference was statistically significant(x2=11.08,P=0.00).Conclusion Hysteroscopic eletrosurgery for abnormal uterine bleeding of endometrial polyps has remarkable clinical effects and low incidence of complications,and it is worthy of clinical application.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671277

ABSTRACT

One hundred patients with early diabetic nephropathy were randomly divided into control group and study group with 50 cases in each group.All patients received conventional antidiabetic therapy with valsartan tablets 80mg, q.d;patients in study group were given additional TCM Jiawen Dihuang decoction.TCM syndrome scores, relevant biochemical testing and renal function changes were evaluated before and after treatment in two groups.After 8 weeks of treatment, the results showed than the TCM scores in both groups were significantly reduced (study group: 18.9±1.6 vs.7.2±5.1, control group 18.8±1.5 vs.10.3±6.2.both P<0.05);the improvement rate of TCM syndrome in study group was significantly higher than that of control group (90% vs.68%, x2=5.3,P<0.05);and the improvement of relevant biochemical index and renal function in study group was more marked than that in control group.The study indicates that the integrated TCM and Western medicine can enhance the efficacy in treatment of early diabetic hephropathy.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1655-1658, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501247

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the simultaneous determination of 5 unsaturated fatty acids in Perilla oil cap-sule. METHODS:With the reference material of α-linolenic acid methyl ester,GC was used to determine and calculate the relative correction factors of α-linolenic acid methyl ester with methyl palmitate,methyl stearate,methyl oleate and linoleic acid methyl es-ter,and the correction factors were used to calculate the contents of 5 unsaturated fatty acids;the column was Agilent Innowax cap-illary column,the detector was FID,the inlet temperature was 230 ℃,the detector temperature was 250 ℃,the gas flow rate was 20 ml/min(nitrogen),40 ml/min(hydrogen)and 350 ml/min(air),split ratio was 30 to 1,the column temperature was 190 ℃, and injection volume was 1 μl. RESULTS:The linear range was 0.018-0.792 μg(r=0.9994)for methyl palmitate,0.0016-0.0176μg(r=0.9993)for methyl stearate,0.0056-0.2464 μg(r=0.9999)for methyl oleate,0.003-0.132 μg(r=0.9990)for linoleic acid methyl ester and 0.018-0.792 μg(r=0.9998) for α-linolenic acid methyl ester;RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were lower than 5%;recoveries were 98.990%-101.70%(RSD=0.720%,n=6) for methyl palmitate,99.599%-100.699%(RSD=0.368%,n=6) for methyl stearate,98.996%-101.680%(RSD=1.240%,n=6) for methyl oleate,99.813%-100.963%(RSD=0.434%,n=6)for linoleic acid methyl ester and 97.185%-99.602%(RSD=0.874%,n=6)for α-linolenic acid methyl es-ter. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple and stable with good reproducibility,and can be used for the simultaneous determina-tion of methyl palmitate,methyl stearate,methyl oleate,linoleic acid methyl ester,α-linolenic acid methyl ester in Perilla oil cap-sule.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 797-800, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a method for the determination of 7 residual solvents(ethanol,n-hexane,benzene,tolu-ene,xylene,styrene,divinylbenzene)in Liuwei dihuang glycoside. METHODS:The column was DB-624 capillary column,carri-er gas was nitrogen,flow rate was 5.0 ml/min;detector was a hydrogen flame ionization detector with temperature of 250 ℃(pro-grammed temperature);equilibrium temperature was 80 ℃,sample loop temperature was 90 ℃,and transfer line temperature was 100 ℃;the equilibrium time of vial heating was 30 min,sample loop filling time was 0.05 min,injection time was 1.0 min;the carrier gas pressure was 95 kpa,and the vial pressure was 60 kpa. RESULTS:The linear range was 25-500 μg/ml for ethanol(r=0.998 7),0.025-10μg/ml for n-hexane(r=0.998 8),0.025-10μg/ml for benzene(r=0.999 9),0.1-40μg/ml for toluene(r=1.000 0),0.25-100 μg/ml for xylene(r=0.999 9),0.5-500 μg/ml for styrene(r=1.000 0) and 0.5-500 μg/ml for divinylbenzene (r=1.000 0);RSDs of precision,stability and reproducibility tests were lower than 4%;recoveries were 99.60%-102.70%(RSD=1.08%,n=9),90.70%-100.30%(RSD=4.51%,n=9),100.10%-109.80%(RSD=3.82%,n=9),99.50%-110.00%(RSD=4.40%,n=9),100.00%-109.10%(RSD=3.50%,n=9),93.40%-102.30%(RSD=3.73%,n=9) and 99.70%-101.70%(RSD=0.79%,n=9),respectively;the low limits of detection were 1.000,0.025,0.025,0.025,0.100,0.025,0.250 μg/ml respectively. CONCLUSIONS:The method is simple,stable and reproducible,and can be used for the determination of residual solvents(etha-nol,n-hexane,benzene,toluene,xylene,styrene,divinylbenzene)in Liuwei dihuang glycoside.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484732

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to establish a simultaneous determination method of chlorogenic acid,liquiritin,rosmarinic acid,arctiin,glycyrrhizic acid,schisandrin,menthone in Guo-Ming-Xing Bi-Yan(GMXBY) granules by HPLC under multiple UV wavelengths.Waters Symmetry C18 column (4.6 mm× 250 mm,5μm) was used as the chromatographic column.Acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid water solution was used as the mobile phase with gradient elution.The detection wavelength of chlorogenic acid and rosmarinic acid was 327 nm; that of liquiritin and arctiin was 280 nm; that of glycyrrhizic acid,schisandrin and menthone was 250 nm.The column temperature was 25℃.The injection volume was 10μL.Chlorogenic acid showed a good linear relationship in the range of 1.19-59.50μg?mL-1 (r = 0.999 8).The average recovery rate was 100.95%.Liquiritin showed a good linear relationship in the range of 1.51-150.70μg?mL-1 (r = 0.999 1).The average recovery rate was 100.38%.Rosmarinic acid showed a good linear relationship in the range of 3.40-68.08 μg?mL-1 (r = 0.999 9).The average recovery rate was 101.02%.Arctiin showed a good linear relationship in the range of 56.15-1 123.00μg?mL-1 (r =0.999 9).The average recovery rate was 100.39%.Glycyrrhizic acid showed a good linear relationship in the range of 21.54-430.80μg?mL-1 (r = 0.999 8).The average recovery rate was 97.09%.Schisandrin showed a good linear relationship in the range of 2.57-51.34μg?mL-1 (r = 0.999 9).The average recovery rate was 99.19%.Menthone showed a good linear relationship in the range of 0.50-10.00μg?mL-1 (r = 0.999 9).The average recovery rate was 100.35%.This established method was simple and reliable with good reproducibility,which can be used as the determination method of active components in GMXBY granules.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3335-3336,3337, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605173

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the efficacy and safety of ferrous succinate in the treatment of pregnancy complicated with iron deficiency anemia. METHODS:90 pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia were randomly divided into treatment group and control group. All patients were stopped drugs related to iron supplement 2 weeks before treatment,and the blood index-es were detected,including red blood cell count (RBC),hemoglobin concentration (Hb) and serum ferritin concentration (SF), etc. The treatment group was orally given 2 Ferrous succinate tablets after a meal,twice a day;control group was orally given 2 Ferrous sulfate tablets after a meal,twice a day. The treatment course for both groups was 1 month. The clinic data was observed, including clinical efficacy,RBC,Hb and SF level before and after treatment,and the incidence of adverse reactions. RESULTS:The total effective rate in treatment group was significantly higher than control group,the difference was statistically significant(P0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Ferrous succinate tablets has good efficacy and safety in the treatment of pregnancy complicated with iron deficiency anemia.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476879

ABSTRACT

To develop a method for the determination of 18 elements such as Pb, Cu, As, Hg, Mn, Ni, & Tl in Panax notoginseng,Bulbus fritillariae thunbergii,Coix seed, Resina draconis, and to control the contents of heavy metal elements in Sanjie Zhentong Capsule, the samples were digested by microwaves and then analyzed by appropriate determination parameters through ICP-MS, with the internal standard method to improve the matrix effect and interference. The correlation coefficientR2≥ 0.999 2. The lowest limits of quantification were from 0.002 8 to 0.54 μg·L-1. The experiments had better repeatability, while the recovery values ranged from 73.01% to 109.13%. The method is simple, accurate and high sensitive, and it can be used for the determination of rapid monitoring the multi-elements inPanax notoginseng, Bulbus fritillariae thunbergii, Coix seed,and Resina draconis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-671958

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to establish an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of the content of echinacoside, acteoside and isoacteoside in Total Cistanchis glycosides Capsules. Waters C18 column (4.6 mm ×150 mm, 5 μm) was used with the mobile phase of methanol-0.1% formic acid at a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 330 nm. The column temperature was maintained at 30℃ . The results showed that the linear ranges of echinacoside, acteoside and isoacteoside were in the range of 27.792-277.92 μg·mL-1 (r = 0.9996,n = 6), 2.4184-24.184 μg·mL-1 (r = 0.9996, n = 6), 5.106-51.06 μg·mL-1 (r = 0.9998, n = 6). The average recoveries of three components were in accordance with the determination requirement. It was concluded that the method was simple and accurate, which can be used in the content determination of echinacoside, acteoside and isoacteoside in Total Cistanchis glycosides Capsules.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 79-85, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329751

ABSTRACT

An aerosol formulation containing 7.5 mg of R-salbutamol sulfate was developed. The aerosol was nebulized with an air-jet nebulizer, and further assessed according to the new European Medicines Agency (EMA) guidelines. A breath simulator was used for studies of delivery rate and total amount of the active ingredient at volume of 3 mL. A next generation impactor (NGI) with a cooler was used for analysis of the particle size and in vitro lung deposition rate of the active ingredient at 5 °C. The anti-asthmatic efficacy of the aerosol formulation was assessed in guinea pigs with asthma evoked by intravenous injection of histamine compared with racemic salbutamol. Our results show that this aerosol formulation of R-salbutamol sulfate met all the requirements of the new EMA guidelines for nebulizer. The efficacy of a half-dose of R-salbutamol equaled that of a normal dose of racemic salbutamol.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1330-1333, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469794

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the blood transfusion paths in elderly patients in order to ensure the blood transfusion safety in the elderly.Methods Clinical data of elderly patients (aged 60 and over) receiving blood transfusion were selected from January 2008 to December 2013.Data of blood transfusion in different clinical department were analyzed.Results From 2008 to 2013,the number of elderly patients receiving blood transfusion and transfusion volume showed the rising trends.Patients in Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery had the most blood transfusion volume among all surgical departments (9.3U/person),and plasma transfusion accounted for the most with plasma and red blood cells in a 3 ∶ 1 ratio.Patients in Department of Internal Medicine had the most blood transfusion volume among all non surgical departments (15.9U/person),and platelets transfusion accounted for the most with platelets and red blood cells in a 3 ∶ 1 ratio.The oldest patients on average receiving blood transfusion in the top 10 was from Department of Emergency (aged 77 years),and the most common cause was gastrointestinal hemorrhage.The youngest patients receiving blood transfusion in the top 10 was from Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Department of Gynecology (aged 69 years),and the most common cause was huge pleural mass and ovarian cancer.Conclusions Blood transfusion for elderly patients should be restrict the indications for transfusion strictly,choose the reasonable transfusion time,blood components and volume.Physiological and functional changes and clinical features of elderly patients should be paid attention to at the same time in order to reduce unnecessary transfusions,particularly the dependence on plasma transfusion and unnecessary collocated blood transfusion,to avoid the overload and adverse transfusion reactions.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1309-1311, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468487

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of dexmedetomidine on the expression of phosphor-cAMP response element binding protein (p-CREB) in isoloated hippocampal neurons of fetal rats.Methods SpragueDawley rats on 16-18 days of gestation were sacrificed and the fetal rats were obtained.The hippocampi of fetal rats were isolated and hippocampal neurons were seeded in culture medium for 8 days.The cells were then divided into 4 groups (n =12 each) using a random number table:control group (group C),dexmedetomidine 0.001 μmol/L group (group D1),dexmedetomidine 0.010 μmol/L group (group D2),and dexmedetomidine 0.100μmol/L group (group D3).In D1.3 groups,dexmedetomidine with the final concentrations of 0.001 μmol/L,0.010 μmol/L,and 0.100 μmol/L was added to the culture medium,respectively,and then the cells were incubated for 3.5 h.The apoptosis in hippocampal neurons was detected by flow cytometry.The expression of p-CREB in hippocampal neurons was determined by RT-PCR and Western blot.Results Compared with group C,apoptosis rate was significantly decreased and the expression of p-CREB was up-regulated in D1.3 groups.Conclusion Dexmedetomidine inhibits apoptosis in isolated hippocampal neurons of fetal rats by up-regulating the expression of p-CREB.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-457672

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to establish a method for simultaneous determination of seven anions and organic acids in Huo-Xue Tong-Luo (HXTL) injection by HPCE. With tartaric acid as the internal standard, separation was performed on an uncoated fused silica capillary (50 μm × 64. 5 cm, 56 cm of effective length). The 14 mmol·L-1 potassium acid phthalate and 0.1 mmol·L-1 hexadecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride were selected for the running buffer solution (pH 5.6). The separation voltage was -16 kV. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm. The column temperature was maintained at 25 ℃ . The sample was injected at 50 mbar×4 s. The results showed that calibration curves of chloride ion, sulfuric acid root ion, formate ions, malic acid, succinic acid, iodate ion and acetic acid ions showed good linear relationship 41.4-248.2 μg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 3), 12.5-74.8 μg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 8), 18.2-109.1 μg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 8), 20.3-121.6 μg·mL-1 (r = 0.999 5), 17.2-103.1 μg·mL-1 (r=0.999 1), 17.6-105.6μg·mL-1 (r=0.999 6), 51.6-309.6μg·mL-1 (r=0.999 7), respectively. The average recoveries were 102.6%, 97.3%, 102.2%, 99.0%, 99.2%, 97.8%, and 103.4%, respectively. The RSD were 1.7%, 2.0%, 1.6%, 2.6%, 2.1%, 2.9%, and 1.0%, respectively (n = 6). It was concluded that the method was accurate and reproducible. It was suitable for the determination of anions and organic acids in HXTL injection.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 453-455, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389976

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the potential therapeutic effect of potassium antimonyl tartrate (PAT) on human colon cancer in transplanted tumor nude mice models. MethodsSixty transplanted animal models were constructed with colon cancer cell line SW480 injected in nude mice. Nude mice were then random divided into 4 groups ( n = 15) :Normal saline group, 5-Fu group and different dose of PAT groups [ (20 mg/( Kg · d) ,40 mg/( Kg · d) ]. The volume of mass was measured every 3 days. After final-administration for 24 hours, immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of PCNA in colon cancer cells. ResultsAfter the use of PAT, the growth of mass slowed down. PCNA levels [ (63. 63 ±8. 88)% ,(59. 13 ±6. 15)% ,(33. 38 ± 12. 76)% ] in SW480 cells was reduced by PAT( P <0. 05, P <0. 01 ). ConclusionPAT potentially inhibited the growth of colon cell lines and induced apoptosis of SW480 colon cancer cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579239

ABSTRACT

AIM:To determine the contents of sinomenine and chelidonine in Tong’an Injection(Caulis sinomenii, Chelidonium majus Linn, etc). METHODS: HPLC was used. The conditions included the gradient elution with methanol-0.1% triethylamine. The detection wavelength was set at 280 nm. RESULTS: The calibration curve was linear in the range of 162-1 620 ?g for the sinomenine and the range of 35-350 ?g for chelidonine, respectively. The average recovery for sinomenine was 99.56% and the relative standard deviation was 0.41%(n=5). The average recovery for chelidonine was 99.46% and the relative standard deviation was 0.62% (n=5). CONCLUSION: The method is simple, rapid and specialty. It can be used for the determination of sinomenine and chelidonine in Tong’an Injection.

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