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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620878

ABSTRACT

Objective To study multimodal analgesia in patients who underwent transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods 60 patients who underwent TACE for HCC from Aug.2016 to Nov.2016 were randomized into two groups:the multimodal analgesia group and the control group.The pain scores of these two groups of patient during the procedure and at different posttreatment time points,and the rates of adverse effect and pharmacoeconomic differences were recorded.Results When compared to the control group,the pain scores at 0 h,2 h,4 h,6 h,12 h after treatment in the multimodal analgesia group were significantly lower (P < 0.05),and the satisfactory scores for the patients were significantly improved (96.6% vs.66.7%).The multimodal group of patients also had significandy lower adverse effect rates of nausea and vomiting,and it was more cost-effective.Conclusions Patients who required multimodal analgesia had better pain relieve,patient satisfaction and less adverse reactions after TACE than patients in the control group.Multimodal analgesia was a safe,effective and economic way to control TACE pain and it was worth recommended in clinical practice.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481251

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety and clinical short-term efficacy of interventional emboliz-ation with hepasphere-loaded microspheres in treating inoperable hepatocellular carcinomas. Methods A total of 15 patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma underwent transcatheter arterial chemoembolization ( TACE ) using hepasphere-loaded microspheres as embolic agent . The clinical data , imaging follow-up materials, complications of interventional treatment, prognosis, etc. were summarized and analyzed. The results were evaluated with modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (mRECIST); monthly follow-up was made for all patients. A total of 23 TACE procedures were performed in 15 patients. Results The following-up period ranged from 6 months to 15 months , the median follow-up time being 10 months . According to mRECIST, the 3-month objective response rate (CR+PR) was 73.3% and disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) was 93.3%;the 6-month objective response rate (CR+PR) was 73.3%and the disease control rate (CR+PR+SD) was 86.7%. No severe complications, such as bile leak complicated by infection, liver abscess, abdominal hemorrhage, bleeding due to tumor rupture, gastrointestinal bleeding, etc. occurred in all patients . Conclusion In treating unresectable hepatocellular carcinomas , TACE using newly-developed hepasphere microspheres carries satisfactory clinical short-term efficacy and safety, although thelog-term results need to be further investigated with larger sample trial.

3.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 582-588, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453869

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined with selective portal vein embolization (SPVE ) in two-stage hepatectomy of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods From September 2010 to September 2013,a total of 107 patients with HCC in the right liver lobe who were not suitable for one stage hepatectomy received TACE or TACE combined with SPVE treatment were enrolled.Among them,55 received TACE therapy and 52 accepted TACE combined with SPVE treatment.The technique success rate,complication,adverse reactions,the volume change of each liver lobe and the rate of hepatectomy of HCC were observed.Chi-square test was used for numerical data comparison and Student′s t test for measurement data.Results TACE or TACE combined with SPVE therapy was successfully applied in all the 107 patients,the technique success rate was 100%.During treatment period,no complications such as ectopic embolization, liver function failure,puncture tract bleeding,gastrointestinal bleeding,bile leakage and hepatic abscess were observed.After treatment,the adverse reactions included liver function impairment,pain in hepatic region,fever,nausea and vomiting.Four weeks after the treatment,the volumes of tumor and right liver lobe decreased to certain degree in patients with HCC of both TACE group and TACE combined with SPVE group.The volume of left liver lobe in TACE group had no obvious change,while remarkably increased in TACE combined with SPVE group.The pre-treatment residual liver volume (RLV)of TACE group and TACE combined with SPVE group was (404.0 ± 46.3 )cm3 and (393.9 ± 65 .7 )cm3 , respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant (t=0.927,P =0.356).Four weeks after the treatment,RLV was (415.4 ±45.7 )cm3 and (567.3 ±88.7 )cm3 ,respectively,and the difference was statistically significant (t= -11 .219,P <0.05).Patients were followed up for three to six months,the rates of hepatectomy were 38.2%(21/55)and 86.5 %(45/52)in TACE group and TACE combined with SPVE group,and the difference was statistically significant (χ2 =26.440,P <0.01 ).Conclusion For patients with HCC not suitable for one stage hepatectomy,the treatment of TACE combined with SPVE before operation could effectively control the growth of the tumor,decrease the volume of tumor,increase RLV,and then increase the rate of two-stage hepatectomy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of the frequency of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on preventing tumor recurrence after hepatectomy. Methods:A total of 45 post-operative patients who had received prophylactic TACE once or thrice were retrospectively examined between January 2008 and June 2009. Of the 45 patients, 23 underwent TACE once, and the others un-derwent it thrice. TACE was administered to all patients via the hepatic artery one to two months after operation and was repeated every two to four months with patients who underwent TACE three times. All cases were followed up for 36 to 40 months after surgery. The rates of cumulative recurrence between the two groups were compared. Results:In the group that underwent TACE once, the 1-, 2-and 3-year cumulative recurrence rates were 30.43%, 47.83%, and 47.83%, respectively. In the group that underwent TACE thrice, the 1-, 2-and 3-year cumulative recurrence rates were 4.55%, 27.27%, and 36.36%, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that the relapse rate within one year was lower in the group that underwent TACE thrice than in the group that underwent TACE only once (P=0.022). How-ever, no significant difference in the cumulative recurrence rate was found between the two groups in two and three years (P=0.086, 0.225). Conclusion:Hepatocellular carcinoma patients who undergo preventive TACE three times after hepatectomy exhibit reduced re-currence rates during the peak time of tumor recurrence and extended disease-free survival intervals.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 758-764, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399373

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the influence of home synthesize magnetic iron oxide (called Fe2O3-PLL) labeling on peripheral blood endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) bionomics to provide experimental foundation for MR imaging ex and in vivo. Methods Fe2O3 was incubated with PLL for 2 hours to obtain a complex of Fe2O3-PLL. Rabbit peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated and EPCs were selected by adherence method. Fe2O3-PLL was used to label EPCs. Prussian blue stain and electron microscope was used for showing intracellular iron. MTT assay was assessed to evaluate the difference of growth curve between unlabeled and labeled with 25 mg/L Fe2O3-PLL. Flow cytometry was performed to analyze cell cycle, cell apoptosis and the expression of surface markers of labeled and unlabeled cells. Expressions of Enos, KDR and Vwf at Mrna levels among unlabeled and labeled EPCs were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Calcium ion channel and membrane fluidity were observed and analyzed by laser confocal microscopy. Statistical analyses were used with ANOVA and t test. Results Almost 100% cells were labeled by Fe2O3-PLL, iron-containing vesicles were intracytoplasma. There was no statistical difference in cells growth curve, cell life cycle [(93.74±3.52)% ,(94.57±3.66)% ] and cell apoptosis rate(12. 89±1.81) %, (11.67±1.18) %) between labeling with Fe2O3-PLL at a concentration of 25 mg/L and unlabeled cells (t = 0. 283, P > O. 05 ; t = 0. 977, P > 0. 05). There was also no statistical difference in relative amount of Enos, KDR and Vwf at Mrna levels and the expression of sudace phenotypic markers (CD34, CD106, CD146 and KDR) between two groups (P > 0. 05). In addition,Labeling had little influence on calcium ion channel and didn't significantly alter cell membrane fluidity.Conclusions The rabbit peripberal blood EPCs can be effective labeled with Fe2O3-PLL and without significant influence on cells bionomics at a low concentration of 25 mg/L. Almost every cell can be labeled and the labeled cells can be used further.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407871

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Among many transplanted cells,adult autologous bone barrow-derived mononuclear cells have beenused in clinical practice because they are easy to be obtained,without immunological rejection and ethical disputationand other advantages.How to distinguish donor cells from receptors and observe the survival of donor cells following stem cell transplantation still trouble people.OBJECTIVE: superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO)particles-labeled bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells from minipigs were used to observe the feasibility of in vivo tracking with magnetic resonance imaging(MRI).DESIGN:A controlled observation experiment.SETTING:Institute of Cardiovascular Disease,Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University.MATERIALS:This experiment was carried out in the Institute of Cardiovascular Disease,Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University between April 2006 and August 2006.Healthy Chinese minipigs,aged 3 to 4 months,weighing from 20 to 30 kg,were provided by the Experimental Animal Center of Southeast University[SYXK(Su)2002-0012].METHODS: Autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells of minipigs were isolated and cultured. Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells in the suspension were traced with SPIO particles.Ferrum in the cells were shown by Prussian blue staining, and cell viability was evaluated by trypan blue exclusion method. Eleven minipigs used for preparation of model of myocardial infarction were divided into experimental group(n=9)and control group(n=2).By means of percutaneous left or right cervical artery or femoral artery puncturation, 1.5 to 2.0 mm balloon was used to occlude 1/3 left anterior descending branch,304 to 405 kPa,60 minutes later,ischemic preconditioning was conducted 3 tO 4 times before operation. When pig models of myocardial infarction were successful that was proved by surface electrocardiogram,bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells were percutaneously injected into coronary artery.Coronary arteriography was performed through femoral artery acupuncture at 24 hours after establishing infarction models.Suspension of bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells was perfused into coronary artery with OTW catheter.Then,the injector and OTW catheter for containing cells were rinsed with normal saline containing heparin and infused with the residual cells within 10 minutes.Non-labeled cells were perfused in 2 minipigs of control group by the same method.Postoperatively, bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells were traced by magnetic resonance and compared with Prussian blue-stained myocardial tissue sections.RESULTS: Seven minipigs of experimental group and one minipig of control group were Involved in the final analysis.One of each group was used for preparation of model of myocardial Infarction.One minipig of experimental group died from anesthetic accident before magnetic resonance.①Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells all were nearly labeled by SPIO particles. Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells could further proliferate in culture medium containing Fe2O3-PLL without obvious changes of cellular shape. ②T2+WI showed that 5 of 8 models of myocardial infarction presented fuzzy low-echo signal region in peripheral myocardial infarction after transplantation of labeled cells and the low-echo signal disappeared 4 weeks Iater. Ex vivo T2+WI sequence showed there was a dot-distributed low-echo signal region in the peripheral infarction region.③It was found in histological examination that 5 models(cell number over 106) had Prussian blue-positive cells,which distributed the same as those in magnetic resonance signal reducing region.CONCLUSION:SPIO particles-labeled bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells are safe and effective;T2+ WI is sensitive to tracing SPIO particles-labeled bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells;Magnetic resonance can in vivo trace SPIO particles-labeled stem cells transplanted through coronary artery,magnetic resonance signal change is related with the number of stem cells and division growth.

7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 544-552, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258623

ABSTRACT

Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown as an important signaling messenger involved in cardioprotection of ischemic preconditioning (IPC). To date, most studies suggest that NO might provide its protective effects by regulating the mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel via the classic NO/cGMP-dependent pathway. However, there is emerging data suggesting that NO might also elicit its physiological role through protein S-nitrosylation. Protein S-nitrosylation, the covalent attachment of an NO moiety to sulfhydryl group(s) of cysteine residue(s) of proteins, is a reversible post-translational protein modification involved in redox-based cellular signaling. IPC has been found to increase S-nitrosothiol content and result in increased S-nitrosylation of proteins, which not only induces the structural and functional changes of modified proteins, but also prevents the target cysteine residue(s) from the further oxidative modification. In addition, S-nitrosothiols could elicit pharmacological preconditioning effect and protect against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. Thus, protein S-nitrosylation is emerging as an important contributor to cardioprotection in IPC, providing protection from cellular oxidative and nitrosative stress.


Subject(s)
Cyclic GMP , Heart , Ischemic Preconditioning , Mitochondria , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Nitric Oxide , Physiology , Oxidation-Reduction , Protein S , Metabolism , Reperfusion Injury , Signal Transduction
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575914

ABSTRACT

Stem cell possesses the capability of self-regeneration and multidirectional differentiation.Although renal transplantation being the best way for the treatment of end-stage nephropathy,the shortage of donor kidney arouses the treatment with transplantation of stem cells taking emphasis in recent years.The process and mechanism of this therapy are complicated and the authors review in detail the experimental research advancement on stem cells engraftment for the treatment.The correlative interventional technology is also evaluated.(J Intervent Radiol,2006,15: 632-635)

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-562428

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the 1.5 T magnetic resonance imaging system to depict and track in vivo of magnetically labeled endothelial progenitor cells(EPCs),and to study the possibility for preventing the atherosclerotic plaque formation in New Zealand rabbit model of carotid arterial injury after transplantation.Methods New Zealand rabbit EPCs were isolated,confirmed,expanded and then incubated with home synthesized Fe_2O_3-PLL,Prussian blue stain was performed for showing intracellular irons.The model of carotid arterial injury was performed by 2.5F balloons,the group A of 8 rabbits received magnetically labeled EPCs,group B of 3 rabbits received fluorescent-labeled EPCs and the group C of 5 rabbits were given same volume saline injection after endothelial injury of the carotid artery.MR imaging and histology were performed and compared 4 days later for randomly chosen three rabbit,each from one of the three group;all the other rabbits were fed with high lipid diet and examed using MR imaging and histology after 15 weeks.Results Epcs labeling efficiency was more than 95% by Prussian blue stain, 4 days after transplantation of EPCs,only in group A,the injured endothelium of carotid artery had signal intensity loss in T_2 * WI,which were correlated well with the area where the most Prussian blue staining positive cells were found in histopathology analyses.The rabbits of group A and B which received EPCs transplantation exhibited fewer plaques formation than those of the group C(P

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