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1.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 662-665, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872558

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the continuous development of driving gene rare mutations of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients and molecular biology technology, molecular detection and individualized therapy have become standard diagnosis and treatment strategies for patients with advanced NSCLC. The driving gene of NSCLC has become a research focus. The development of molecular detection technology, the discovery of new driving gene and the continuous emergence of new drugs have made the treatment of rare target mutations in NSCLC increasingly precise. This article retrieves and screens out the documents published in recent years which are related to driving gene rare mutations in patients with advanced NSCLC, and analyzes the relevant research progress. It is hoped that more reasonable and accurate treatment plans can be formulated for NSCLC patients to guide the clinical research of NSCLC treatment.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868836

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a Nomogram model in predicting recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) at six months, one year and two years after hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) resection by using inflammatory markers combined with other routine clinical indicators.Methods:The data of 314 patients with HCC who underwent first time hepatectomy at Beijing Chaoyang Emergency Rescue Center and Air Force Characteristic Medical Center from January 2013 to January 2018 were analyzed. HCC patients who underwent hepatectomy at the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from January 2011 to January 2016 ( n=106) were used as the external validation group. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze independent risk factors of recurrence and death in HCC patients. A Nomogram model was constructed based on independent risk factors. Validation of the efficacy of the Nomogram model was done based on external data. Results:In the experimental group, 174 patients relapsed. The median RFS was 26 months. The 6 months, 1 year and 2 years RFS were 26.8%, 43.9%, and 68.8%, respectively. A total of 142 patients had died. The median survival time was 30 months. The 6 months, 1 year and 2 years OS were 5.9%, 23.6% and 63.1%, respectively. In the external validation group, 63 patients had developed recurrence, with a median RFS time of 28 months. The 6 months, 1 year and 2 years RFS were 26.4%, 45.3%, 54.7%, respectively. The median survival time was 31 months. The 6 months, 1 year and 2 years OS were 7.5%, 25.5%, 46.6%, respectively. Tumor size (>6.0 cm, HR: 1.447), vascular invasion ( HR: 1.408), TBil (>0.94 mg/dl, HR: 1.949), NLR (>2.54, HR: 2.843), AGR (≤0.88, HR: 2.447) were independent risk factors of HCC recurrence ( P<0.05). Tumor size (>6.0 cm, HR: 2.207), vascular invasion ( HR: 1.529), and NLR (>2.54, HR: 2.708) were independent risk factors of death for HCC patients ( P<0.05). The C-indexes of half-year, one-year and two-year RFS were 0.764 (95% CI: 0.677-0.854), 0.710 (95% CI: 0.615-0.824) and 0.673 (95% CI: 0.601-0.786), respectively. The C-indexes of half-year OS, one-year OS and two-year OS were 0.729 (95% CI: 0.648-0.841), 0.708 (95% CI: 0.608-0.813) and 0.664 (95% CI: 0.618-0.771), respectively. Conclusion:In this study, the construction of a Nomogram model in predicting prognosis of HCC patients was helpful to guide clinicians in improving preoperative treatment plans and in providing ideas for individualized treatment of patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434484

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize and analyze data of solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas (SPTP) in China,and investigate its epidemiology,clinical features,diagnosis and treatment.Methods Retrieval of Chinese Medical Current Contents and China Biology Medicine disc by the key words of solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas,papillary cystic tumor of the pancreas,pancreatic papillary epithelial tumor,cystic solid tumor of pancreas and Frantz tumor were performed,and relevant literatures were included.Results A total of 1180 SPTP patients from 117 articles were involved.There were 1054 women and 126 men and the ratio of male to female was 1:8.37.The average age was 29 years old (range 9 ~83 years).Detailed clinical information was available for 1172 cases,and the main clinical manifestations included abdominal discomfort (n=526,44.88%),medical check-up (n=464,39.59%),abdominal mass (n=131,11.18%).Laboratory and imaging tests were non-specific.The tumors size was 1.3~ 30 cm with a mean value of 7.84 cm.Four handreds and seven (36.8%) cases were located in pancreatic head,96 (8.7%)were in pancreas neck and 587 (53.1%) were in the body and tail of pancreas.Eleven handreds and sixteen patients received treatment,and the resection rate was 99.2% (n =1107).Pathological examination showed that 628(57.0%) cases were benign and 306 (27.8%) were presented as malignant behavior,mainly as infiltrative growth and invasion of the surrounding organs,vessels.Nine handreds and seventy-seven cases were followed up (ranging from 1 month to 13 years),and re-occurrence or metastasis were detected in 42 cases (4.3%) and 24 patients died.Conclusions Solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas is a rare pancreatic tumor with low-grade malignant potential,and part of this tumor may present as malignant behavior and it primarily affects young females.No characteristics in clinical manifestations,laboratory and imaging tests are found.Pathological examination can confirm the diagnosis.Surgical resection is the therapy of choice and the prognosis is good.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598188

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of Zinc Protoporphyrin and Heme on the expression of HO-1 in cochlear and the change of auditory brainstem response on diffuse traumatic brain injury model of rats.Methods Diffuse traumatic brain injury model of rats were established and randomly divided into thirteen groups.Then auditory brainstem response examination,light microscope,immunohistochemistry technique were used to evaluate the change of auditory brainstem response and the expression of HO-1 in cochlear.Results The differences of auditory brainstem response threshold and latency of wave between the experimental and the normal control group were obvious(P<0.05).The expression of HO-1 in the control group was normal,whereas there were obvious changes of inner ear HO-1 expression in the traumatic groups.The grey value of HO-1 expression in trauma group,Znpp group and heme group was significantly associated with auditory function change(P<0.05).Conclusion There were influence of Zinc Protoporphyrin and Hemeon the inner ear HO-1 expression and the change of auditory brainstem response with diffuse traumatic brain injury model of rats.The protective effect of heme on auditory function may be associated with the increased expression of HO-1.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1485-1488, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413744

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of combination of propofol and whole-body hypoxic preconditioning on lung ischemia-reperfusion(I/R)injury in rats and the mechansim involved.Methods Ninety male SD rats weighing 250-320 g,were randomly divided into 5 groups(n=18 each): sham operation group(group S),lung I/R group(group I/R),propofol preconditioning group(group P),whole-body hypoxic preconditioning group(group WBHP),and combination of propofol and whole-body hypoxic preconditioning group(group PW).The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 3% pentobarbital 30 mg/kg,tracheostomized and mechanically ventilated.Lung I/R injury was produced by occlusion of hilum of the left lung for 45 min followed by reperfusion.Propofol was continuously infused iv at 30 mg·kg-1·h-1 30 min before ischemia in group P.In group WBHP,5 times of WBHP were performed before ischemia.In group PW,propofol was infused iv at 30 mg· kg-1·h- 1 and 5 times of WBHP were performed 30 min before ischemia.Six rats from each group were killed at 30 min,1 h,and 4 h of reperfusion(T1-3).The lungs were then removed for determination of the contents of TNF-α,IL-1,IL6 and MDA,and activities of SOD.The W/D lung weight ratio was calculated.Results Compared with group S,the contents of TNF-α,IL-1,IL-6 and MDA and W/D ratio were significantly increased at T1-3,and SOD activity was significantly decreased at T1-3 in the other four groups(P<0.05).The contents of TNF-α,IL-1,IL-6 and MDA and W/D ratio were significantly lower at T1-3 ,and SOD activity was significantly higher at T1-3 in group P,WBHP and PW than in group I/R(P < 0.05).The contents of TNF-α and IL-6 and W/D ratio at T2,3 and contents of IL-1 and MDA at T3 were significantly lower,and SOD activity was significantly higher at T2,3 in group PW than in group P and WBHP(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the parameters metioned above between group P and WBHP(P>0.05).Conclusion The combination of propofol and WBHP can protect the lungs from I/R injury,the efficacy is better than that of either of them alone,and it may be related to the enhancement in the inhibiton of inflammatory reaction and improvement in the antioxidant effect.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 758-763, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388244

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occurrence, prevention and management of surgical complication of contralateral C7 nerve root transfer through the prespinal route to repair the brachial plexus nerve root avulsion injury. Methods From Feb. 2002 to Aug. 2009, 425 patients were performed the contralateral C7 nerve root transfer through the prespinal route with this procedure. There were 379 males and 46 females,with the average age of 21 years (range, 3 months to 56 years). The contralateral C7 nerve root was sectioned at the distal of the middle trunk in 15 cases, at the distal of the anterior and posterior division in 410 patients. The surgical complications related to the health C7 nerve root section and the make of tunnel through the prespinal route and others were analyzed retrospectively. Results The incidence rate of complication was 5.2%(22/425). The surgical complications related to the make of prespinal route including 2 cases had the severe bleeding during the operation because of vertebral artery injury; transitory laryrecurrent nerve palsy occurred in 5 cases, the pain and numbness occurred on the donor upper limber in 4 cases when the patients swallowed. The complications related to the section of contralateral C7 nerve root including the extension of finger and thumb was dysfunction in 5 patients after the operation, 3 cases had the severely pain on the health upper limber, Horner's sign occurred on donor side in 2 children suffered birth palsy, and C6 nerve root was mistaken sectioned as C7 in 1 case. Other serious perioperative complication including the thromboses of the cerebral trunk occurred in 1 case 42 hours postoperative and died in hospital 38 days after the operation. Conclusion The procedure of contralateral C7 nerve root transfer through the prespinal route is safe. The effective method to prevent this complication occurrence is to expose the origin segment of vertebral artery when making prespinal route.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1138-1143, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296946

ABSTRACT

In this study, we evaluated the development potential of caprine mammary gland epithelial cells (CMGECs) after transfection and nuclear transfer into enucleated, ovulated oocytes. We first isolated CMGECs from udders of lactating goats which were transfected with expression plasmid for human lacterrin and selected by G418. Then we chose sixteen neomycin resistant lines and induced them with prolactin for the expression of human lactoferrin checked by Western blotting. The donor cells, expressing human lactoferrin of 75 kD, were fused and activated with enucleated ovulated oocytes. Pronuclear-stage reconstructed embryos were transferred into the oviducts of 16 recipient goats. There were fourteen (87.5%), thirteen (81.3%), and ten (62.5%) pregnancies confirmed pregnant by ultrasound on Day 30, 60, and 90, respectively. Three recipients carried the pregnancies to term and delivered one goat each. Nested PCR-RFLP analysis confirmed that all of the kids were clones of the donor cells. These results demonstrated that CMGECs after transfection remain totipotent for nuclear transfer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cloning, Organism , Methods , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Female , Goats , Humans , Lactoferrin , Mammary Glands, Animal , Cell Biology , Nuclear Transfer Techniques , Pregnancy , Transfection
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