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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 193-203, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992588

ABSTRACT

The condition of patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) complicated by corona virus 2019 disease (COVID-19) is complex. sTBI can significantly increase the probability of COVID-19 developing into severe or critical stage, while COVID-19 can also increase the surgical risk of sTBI and the severity of postoperative lung lesions. There are many contradictions in the treatment process, which brings difficulties to the clinical treatment of such patients. Up to now, there are few clinical studies and therapeutic norms relevant to sTBI complicated by COVID-19. In order to standardize the clinical treatment of such patients, Critical Care Medicine Branch of China International Exchange and Promotive Association for Medical and Healthcare and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Trauma organized relevant experts to formulate the Chinese expert consensus on clinical treatment of adult patients with severe traumatic brain injury complicated by corona virus infection 2019 ( version 2023) based on the joint prevention and control mechanism scheme of the State Council and domestic and foreign literatures on sTBI and COVID-19 in the past 3 years of the international epidemic. Fifteen recommendations focused on emergency treatment, emergency surgery and comprehensive management were put forward to provide a guidance for the diagnosis and treatment of sTBI complicated by COVID-19.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 779-789, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927568

ABSTRACT

Neurocritical care (NCC) is not only generally guided by principles of general intensive care, but also directed by specific goals and methods. This review summarizes the common pulmonary diseases and pathophysiology affecting NCC patients and the progress made in strategies of respiratory support in NCC. This review highlights the possible interactions and pathways that have been revealed between neurological injuries and respiratory diseases, including the catecholamine pathway, systemic inflammatory reactions, adrenergic hypersensitivity, and dopaminergic signaling. Pulmonary complications of neurocritical patients include pneumonia, neurological pulmonary edema, and respiratory distress. Specific aspects of respiratory management include prioritizing the protection of the brain, and the goal of respiratory management is to avoid inappropriate blood gas composition levels and intracranial hypertension. Compared with the traditional mode of protective mechanical ventilation with low tidal volume (Vt), high positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), and recruitment maneuvers, low PEEP might yield a potential benefit in closing and protecting the lung tissue. Multimodal neuromonitoring can ensure the safety of respiratory maneuvers in clinical and scientific practice. Future studies are required to develop guidelines for respiratory management in NCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung , Lung Diseases/etiology , Positive-Pressure Respiration/methods , Respiration, Artificial/adverse effects , Tidal Volume
3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 50-53, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702631

ABSTRACT

Pharmaconutrients refer to macronutrients,micronutrients,microecologics,and nucleotides.Informed by large randomized clinical trials,people have become increasingly prudent in using pharmaconutrients.Critically-ill neurological patients are intensive care patients who have neurological impairment,and therefore command extra caution in using pharmaconutrients.This article reviews the latest studies on the use of pharmaconutrients in this group of patients.

4.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 802-807, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612306

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of exosomes extracted from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells(hAMSCs) on traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its possible mechanism.Methods Mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) were isolated from healthy human adipose tissue and the exosomes were extracted by ultrafiltration.Rats were divided into four groups: sham group, PBS control group, MSCs treatment group and exosomes treatment group.24 h After TBI, the treatment group was locally injected along the lesion area, 30 μL of PBS, 2×105 MSC, 25 μg protein of exosomes respectively, the total volume was 30 μL.We performed the Modified Neurological Severity Score(mNSS) and the forelimb Foot-Fault Test in all rats before injury and at 1, 3, 7, 10, 13, 16, 21 and 30 days after TBI.The rats were sacrificed at 3 and 7 days after TBI respectively,total RNA was extracted from rat brain tissue.The expression of TNF-α and IL-1β were detected by quantitative PCR.The rats were also killed at 30 days after TBI for testing the neuronal apoptosis in lesion area by tunel-neun double imm-unofluorescence.Results Exosomes treatment significantly promotes the recovery of neurological deficits caused by TBI,and the therapeutic effect is similar to MSCs, its possible mechanism may be the inhibition of the acute inflammation and the reducing of the neurons apoptosis after TBI.Conclusions Exosomes extracted from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cellshas promoted neurological functionrecovery after traumatic brain injury, which will provide a new and safer TBI treatment for clinical practice.

5.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 880-883, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-612294

ABSTRACT

The neural stem cells (NSCs) can migrate into the injured area and differentiate into neurons or oligodendrocytes.Endogenous neurogenesis may potentially be harnessed as a putative therapy for neural injury.But the complex micro-environment due to TBI will be one of the biggest challenges for endogenous NSCs to perform neural regenerations.Exogenous NSCs have been shown to be able to survive in host tissues and regulate microenvironment via paracrine effects.Thus, transplantation of NSCs to assist neural regeneration has become an attractive option.Recently, rapid advances in the stem cell biology have raised appealing possibilities of replacing damaged or lost neural cells by transplantation of in vitro-expanded stem cells and/or their neuronal progeny.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 113-117, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488006

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the walking ability and cognitive function changes in normal pressure hydrocephalus patients after cerebrospinal fluid ( CSF ) tap test for helping clinicians choose evaluation time and methods.Methods Twenty-seven patients with probable normal pressure hydrocephalus in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2013 to 2014 were included.All patients were evaluated using Minimum Mental State Examination, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, Ability of Daily Life, and Idiopathic Normal Pressure Grade Scale, underwent 1.5 T head MRI scan and had ventriculo-peritoneal shunt after informerd consent.A lumbar tap with removal of 30 ml of CSF was performed in all patients.Evaluations included the 10 m walking time and steps, Trail Making Test A, number code and Stroop test.Those tests were performed 1 day before and 4, 8, 24, 72 hours after CSF tap test.The walking test and neuropsychological test results were compared between those before and after the CSF tap test.Correlation analysis was conducted between the normal pressure hydrocephalus featured MRI characters and CSF tap test responses including Evan′s index, callosum corpus angle, mismatch between narrowed high-convexity and medial subarachnoid spaces and enlarged Sylvian fissure associated with ventriculomegaly . Results Compared with 0 h walking time (23.56(14.00) s), the 10 m walking time on the 8 hours and 24 hours after CSF tap test, which were 19.41 ( 9.00 ) s and 19.67 ( 11.00 ) s respectively, were significantly improved ( Z values in Wilcoxon signed ranks test were -3.416 and -3.443 respectively,both P<0.01).There were no statistically significant differences on every evaluation time point.The neuropsychological tests changings were significant on 24 hours and 72 hours.Compared with 0 h neuropsychological test z scale (-10.28(21.60)), the z scale on the 24 hours and 72 hours after CSF tap test, which were -6.29 (26.72), -3.37(36.15)respectively, were significantly improved (Z values in Wilcoxon signed ranks test were -3.506,-2.701 respectively, both P<0.01).The Evan′s index, callosum corpus and the feature of mismatch between narrowed high-convexity and medial subarachnoid spaces and enlarged Sylvian fissure were not statistically correlated with the response of CSF tap test.Conclusions Walking ability in normal pressure hydrocephalus patients was improved after the CSF tap test.The Evan′s index, callosum corpus and the feature of mismatch between narrowed high-convexity and medial subarachnoid spaces and enlarged Sylvian fissure might not be correlated with the response of CSF tap test.

7.
Acta Laboratorium Animalis Scientia Sinica ; (6): 432-436,illust 2, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556432

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To compare and evaluate the efficacy of three operating procedures to produce permanent rat models of cerebral ischemia, including mortality, neurological evaluation score, infarction volume of ischemia and time consumed in the operation. Methods The rats were randomly divided into three groups. Group 1: The common carotid artery (CCA) and external carotid artery (ECA) were ligated during the operation and ICA was clipped temporarily by artery clamp. Group 2: The CCA and ECA were ligated and the superior thyroid artery and pterygopalatine artery were exposed but not ligated. Silk suture was utilized to hang the internal carotid artery (ICA). Plastic suture was inserted into ICA and stepped over the initiation point of pterygopalatine artery under microscopic observation. Group 3: The CCA and ECA were ligated and ICA was hanged with a silk suture, and the pterygopalatine artery was not exposed, but during the period of inserting plastic suture, the proximal part of the suture was pressed to make the suture's round distal end elevated, and then pass the initial point of pterygopalatine artery. Mortality, neurological score, volume of ischemic infarction and operation time consumed of the three groups were compared after the operation. Results The procedure to prepare the model was most efficient in the group 3, taking only 17.5 min to complete, significantly less than that in the group 1 (50 min) and group 2 (40 min), (P<0.05), and with a lower mortality and more steady neurological evaluation score and infarction volume. Conclusion The use of the third operating method can shorten the operation time and improve the efficacy of operation. Using this method, more consistent and repetitive focal cerebral ischemia models can be produced effectively, and meet the demands of clinical trials.

8.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-560535

ABSTRACT

The current therapeutic strategies for ischemic stroke are more limited. In the field of biotherapy bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell(BMSC) is a seed cell with the most potential. Synthesizing the advances in methodology of preclinical studies, this article mainly reviews the types of BMSC, time window for cell transplantation, approaches of cell transplantation, tracing technique in vivo after cell transplantation, and treatment effectiveness evaluation.

9.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593081

ABSTRACT

Objective Investigate the behaviors of cerebral ischemic rats after treatment with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs).Methods Bone marrow was collected and BMSCs were separated and cultivated.Twenty-four adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were performed transient(2 hours) middle cerebral arterial occlusion(MCAO) and then divided into treated group(n=12) and control group(n=12).All rats received corresponding behavioral training before surgery,15 ?L hBMSCs(2?1010cells/L) and D-hanks(15 ?L) were injected into the brain cortex after 24 h of MCAO.Morris water maze test,NSS,Rotarod test and adhesive-removal test were performed serially and cyclically from the 4th day after transplantation.Results Since the 8th day after transplantation,the mean escape time and the mean swimming distance of treated group significantly are shorter than control's in Morris water maze test(P

10.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592600

ABSTRACT

Objective To label Flk-1+CD31-CD34-human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) and to evaluate the effect of SPIO on proliferation and neural differentiation of labeled cells. Methods hMSCs were incubated with SPIO (50 mg/L) and PLL (1.5 mg/L) overnight(12~18 hours). Both labeled and unlabeled cells went through growth curve test,Trypan blue staining and flow cytometer to evaluate the effects of SPIO on cell proliferation,cell viability and surface markers. Immunofluorescence assay was conducted for neuron and neuroglia specific cell surface markers after neural induction protocols were used. Results Cell viability of the two groups were both more than 90% for 7 days. There was no significant difference in cell viability and growth curve test between two groups. The results of flow cytometer showed that both labeled and unlabeled cells expressed CD44, CD105 and Flk-1 markers, while CD31 and CD34 were negative. After neural induction, the statistical analysis of A value for all the markers showed no significant difference between the two groups.Conclusion SPIO, as MRI cellular contrast, is safe and efficient.

11.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592285

ABSTRACT

Neural system diseases are the significant burden threatening life quality of human beings. The investigation of stem cells especially the adult stem cells improved the related basic and clinical research of biological therapy and highlighted a prpspective future. The transplantation of adult stem cells maybe an effective method to treat neural system diseases. So the collaboration between the basic and clinical research will be strenthened to serve patients. Translational medicine is a potential field in which the basic medicine and clinical medicine and linked.

12.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592273

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of MRI and iron oxide particle labeling in stem cell therapy of stroke model. Methods Nine rats with middle cerebral artery occlusion were randomly selected and underwent Neurological Severity Scoring(NSS), MRI and pathological examination. The results of the 3 evaluation criteria were correlated. Bone marrow stromal cells were labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide particles. Eighteen models were screened and divided into 3 groups based on different transplantation sites. MRI was performed at different time points. The MR appearance of labeled stem cell transplantation sites was observed. The relative infarct volume of the models in three groups were recorded and compared. Results Significant correlations among the NSS, MRI and pathological examination were found. Different MR sequences could depict local transplanted labeled stem cells and gradient echo sequence was the most sensitive method, while the T2WI showed its advantage of better temporal resolution. MR images showed the morphological changes of transplanted stem cells. The change of the relative infarct volume showed no significant differences among the three groups. Conclusion MRI is an ideal tool to evaluate the rat stroke model. MRI together with iron oxide particle labeling technique helps to in vivo track and monitor the transplanted stem cells.

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