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1.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 865-872, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of GluA2-3Y which is an inhibitor of AMPA(α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid) receptor internalization on cognitive function and hippocampal postsynaptic protein expression in rats with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.Methods:Forty-eight adult male SD rats were randomly divided into Sham group, 2VO group, high-dose GluA2-3Y group and low-dose GluA2-3Y group according to random number table, with 12 rats in each group.The chronic cerebral hypoperfusion model of rat was established by two vessel occlusion (2VO) while the Sham operation was performed in rats of Sham group.The rats in high dose GluA2-3Y group and low dose GluA2-3Y group were intraperitoneal injected with 3 μmol/kg and 0.03 μmol/kg GluA2-3Y respectively once a day for 2 weeks. Rats in 2VO group and Sham group were intraperitoneally injected with control peptide. Morris water maze test and new object recognition test were performed to evaluate the learning and memory ability of rats, and Western blot was used to evaluate the expression of Akt1、GSK3β、p-GSK3β、GluA2 and PSD-95 in rat hippocampus. The expressions of GluA2 and PSD-95 in rat hippocampus were evaluated by immunofluorescence. SPSS 23.0 software was used for data analysis. The comparison between multiple groups was analyzed by one-way ANOVA and repeated measurement ANOVA was used to analyze Morris water maze results. And independent-samples t-test was used for pairwise comparisons. Results:(1)In Morris water maze trials, the results of repeated measurement ANOVA showed that the interaction between group and time of escape latency of rats in each group was not significant ( F=0.79, P>0.05), and the group main effect and time main effect were significant ( F=24.44, 40.42, both P<0.05). On the 5th day of navigation trials, the escape latency of rats in 2VO group was longer than that in sham group ( t=5.87, P<0.05). The escape latency of rats in low dose GluA2-3Y group and high dose GluA2-3Y group were significantly shorter than that in 2VO group ( t=2.20, 3.41, both P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between low dose GluA2-3Y group and high dose GluA2-3Y group ( t=1.37, P>0.05). The target quadrant residence time and resolution coefficient ((14.57±1.40)s, (0.15±0.10)) in 2VO group were significantly lower than those in Sham group ((23.71±2.57)s, (0.40±0.06)) ( t=3.23, 2.24, both P<0.05), while the target quadrant residence time in high dose GluA2-3Y group ((20.19±1.53)s) and low dose GluA2-3Y group ((20.31±2.06)s) were longer than that in 2VO group( t=2.71, 2.35, both P<0.05). The discrimination coefficients in high dose GluA2-3Y group (0.47±0.10) and low dose GluA2-3Y group (0.59±0.06) were higher than that of 2VO group ( t=2.21, 3.94, both P<0.05). (2)The Western blot results showed that the expression of PSD-95 and GluA2 in hippocampus of rats in 2VO group were significantly lower than those in Sham group ( t=2.31, 2.20, both P<0.05), and the expression of PSD-95 in high dose GluA2-3Y group (1.026±0.056) was significantly higher than that in 2VO group ((0.760±0.061), t=2.49, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between low-dose GluA2-3Y group and 2VO group( t=0.96, P>0.05). The expression of GluA2 in low-dose GluA2-3Y group was higher than that in 2VO Group ((1.130±0.087), (0.766±0.080), t=2.37, P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between high-dose GluA2-3Y group and 2VO group( t=1.06, P>0.05). (3) Immunofluorescence showed that compared with Sham group, the expression of PSD-95 and GluA2 in 2VO group decreased ( t=4.23, 2.57, P<0.05). Compared with 2VO group, the expression of PSD-95 and GluA2 in high dose GluA2-3Y group and low dose GluA2-3Y group increased significantly, and the differences were statistically significant (PSD-95: (7.757±0.578), (12.057±0.578), t=3.14, 6.96, both P<0.05; (9.721±0.950), (16.610±0.950), t=4.56, 9.34, both P<0.05). (4) The results of Western blot showed that the expression GSK3β in hippocampus of rats in each group were not statistically different( F=2.03, P>0.05). There were significant differences in the expression of Akt1, p-GSK3β and the percentage of p-GSK3β/GSK3β in hippocampus of rats in each group ( F=8.30, 4.76, 3.57, all P<0.05). Compared with Sham group, the levels of Akt1, p-GSK3β and the percentage of p-GSK3β/GSK3β in 2VO group were significantly lower ( t=3.00, 2.81, 3.17, all P<0.05). Compared with 2VO group, the levels of Akt1, p-GSK3β and p-GSK3β/GSK3β percentage in low dose GluA2-3Y group and high-dose GluA2-3Y group were significantly higher (Akt1: t=2.05, 5.20, both P<0.05; p-GSK3β: t=2.49, 4.15, both P<0.05; p-GSK3β/GSK3β percentage: t=2.30, 2.97, both P<0.05). Conclusion:GluA2-3Y, an AMPA receptor internalization inhibitor, can alleviate the cognitive impairment in rats with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion, which may be related to the increased expression of Akt1, p-GSK3β and postsynaptic proteins.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 795-799, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755416

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of agonist of angiotensin-(1-7)(AVE0991) on endothelial function and atherogenesis in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice.Methods Eight-week-old ApoE-/-male mice and C57BL/6J male mice were randomly divided into 3 groups:a normal diet control group(ND,n=10),a high-fat diet group(HFD,n=10),and a high-fat diet with AVE0991 0.58 μmol · kg-1 · d-1 group(HFD+ AVE0991,n=10).After 12 weeks of treatment,serum levels of lipids and parameters of endothelial function were measured.Atherosclerotic lesions in aorta roots were detected by Oil Red O staining.CD31 levels in the arterial intima were analyzed by immunohistochemistry.Results AVE0991 had no effects on blood lipids (P > 0.05)but lowered serum levels of nitric oxide in high-fat diet mice(76.8±34.4 μmol/L vs.116.8±33.9 μmol/L,P<0.05).Also,AVE0991 had no effects on the activity of serum nitric oxide synthase(19.5±5.7 U/ml vs.17.9±3.3 U/ml,P>0.05)but decreased the activity of serum induced nitric oxide synthase(9.0 ±2.3 U/ml vs.12.7 ± 3.2 U/ml,P <0.05) and increased the ratio of phosphorylated endothelial nitric oxide synthase to induced nitric oxide synthase in the vessel wall in high-fat diet mice(0.8±0.2% vs.0.6 ± 0.2%,P < 0.05).AVE0991 decreased serum levels of C-reactive protein,tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 (P < 0.05),and decreased the area percentage of atherosclerotic lesions in aorta roots (15.6 ± 3.3 % vs.45.4 ± 9.8 %,P < 0.05) and increased the integrated optical density of CD31 in the arterial intima in high-fat diet mice(54.1±11.0% vs.28.7±10.6%,P<0.05)Conclusions AVE0991 can attenuate atherogenesis in ApoE-/-mice fed a high-fat diet,possibly via reducing inflammatory response,regulating the activity of nitric oxide synthases and improving endothelial functions.

3.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 694-699, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704142

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of uric acid in cerebral small vessel disease and its cognitive impairment.Methods 102 patients with cerebral small vessel disease(CSVD)and 56 patients with NCSVD (non-CSVD) were enrolled.The CSVD imaging manifestations was assessed by brain MRI.Neuropsychological test was used to evaluate the cognitive function and serum uric acid concentration was detected.The uric acid levels was compared in CSVD and NCSVD groups and Logistic regression was used to assess the risk factor of CSVD.In patients with CSVD,the cognitive function was compared between the patients with and without hyperuricemia and partial correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between uric acid and cognitive function.Results The serum uric acid level of patients with CSVD was higher than that of patients with NCSVD ((360.31 ±78.31) μmol /L,(301.79±49.37) μmol/L,P<0.05).Uric acid was risk factor for patients with CSVD (OR=1.014,95%CI=1.007-1.021,P<0.05).In patients with CSVD,there were significant differences in MMSE,VFT,DSST and TMT-A scores between patients with and without hyperuricemia (MMSE (23.76± 3.09) vs (22.27 ± 3.87);VIT (34.29 ± 8.01) vs (31.85 ± 6.16);DSST (34.39 ± 7.84) vs (31.15±7.47);TMT-A(59.10±17.52) vs (65.98±15.97),all P<0.05).Uric acid was negatively correlated with MoCA,DST and VFT scores (r=-0.178,P=0.039;r=-0.202,P=0.018;r=-0.250,P=0.004),and positively correlated with TMT-B time cost (r=0.241,P=0.005).Conclusion Uric acid is a risk factor for CSVD and may damages the overall cognitive function,attention,language and executive function of patients with CSVD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Imaging and Therapy ; (12): 230-233, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702398

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of HRCT and contrast-enhanced MRI in diagosis of facial nerve injuries.Methods HRCT and contrast-enhanced MRI were performed in 18 cases of facial nerve injuries.CPR of the facial nerve and canal was performed on the Philips EBW workstation,and the temporal bone involved location,fracture type and involvement of facial nerve and canal and its course were observed.The involved location,size,signal variation of facial nerve were analyzed compared with contralateral side on the GE AW 4.5 workstation.Results Among 18 cases,8 cases of longitudinal fractures,5 cases of transverse fractures and 5 cases of mixed fractures were found.HRCT axial scan and CPR of facial canal revealed that 18 cases had temporal bone fractures,including 1 case of labyrinthine segment,2 cases of geniculate fossa,4 cases of tympanic segment,2 cases of geniculate fossa,tympanic segment and hematoma of middle ear cavity,3 cases of tympanic segment with adjacent hematoma of middle ear cavity and 6 cases without obvious fracture of facial canal.Contrast-enhanced MRI and CPR of facial nerve revealed facial nerve injuries in all 18 cases,including 12 cases of internal auditory meatus segment,14 cases of labyrinthine segment,18 cases of geniculate ganglion,16 cases of tympanic segment and 15 cases of mastoid segment.Signal intensity ratio of affected internal auditory meatus segment,labyrinthine segment,geniculate ganglion,tympanic segment and mastoid segment were higher than those of contralateral side (all P< 0.001).Conclusion HRCT and contrast-enhanced MRI can clearly reveal the involvement of different segment of traumatic facial nerve,HRCT CPR and MR CPR are helpful to visualiz the involvement of traumatic facial nerve and canal.

5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2467-2470, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702109

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the application effect of minocycline in the treatment of aggressive periodontitis.Methods From January 2014 to January 2017,116 cases of invasive periodontitis in the People's Hospital of Panan County were selected in the research.According to the different treatment methods,the patients were divided into observation group and control group with 58 cases in each group.The control group was given basic treatment,the observation group was given minocycline on the basis of basic treatment.The levels of tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α),interleukin-17(IL-17),matrix metalloproteinase-1(MMP-1)and matrix metalloproteinase-8(MMP-8)in the two groups were observed.The changes of gingival index(GI),periodontal exploration depth(PD),attachment loss(AL),periodontitis gingival crevicular fluid(NO)were compared.Results After treatment,the total effective rate in the observation group was 93.1%(58/54),which was significantly higher than that in the control group [80.0%(58/46)],the difference was statistically significant(χ2 =9.469,P=0.002).After treatment,the levels of TNF-α,IL-17,MMP-1,MMP-8 in the gingival crevicular fluid of the observation group were(2.98 ±0.77)ng/mL,(20.87 ± 5.34)pg/mL,(1422.45 ±175.45)pg/mL,(1341.58 ±169.56)pg/mL,respectively,which were lower than those of the control group[(3.98 ±0.99)ng/mL,(31.65 ±7.88)pg/mL,(1781.44 ±199.55)pg/mL,(1678.99 ± 185.44)pg/mL](t=6.072,8.625,10.289,10.226,P<0.05).The levels of GI,PD,AL and NO of the observation group were(1.21 ±0.38)mm,(1.51 ±0.61)mm,(2.43 ±0.39)mm,(45.78 ±8.21)μmol/L,respectively,which were lower than those of the control group [(3.31 ±0.29)mm,(4.21 ±0.89)mm,(3.59 ±0.62)mm,(64.34 ± 12.88)μmol/L](t=33.4572,19.057,12.061,9.254,all P<0.05).After treatment,the levels of TNF-α,IL-17,MMP-1 and MMP-8 in the gingival crevicular fluid of the two groups were significantly lower compared with those before treatment(observation group:t=14.590,18.885,23.019,3.789,control group: t=7.809,12.993,10.905,7.608,all P<0.05).Conclusion The use of minocycline in the treatment of invasive periodontitis can significantly reduce the levels of TNF-α,IL-17,MMP-1,MMP-8 in gingival crevicular fluid,relieve periodontal plaque,promote periodontal tissue regeneration,the clinical efficacy is good.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1252-1255, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608932

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the changes of cerebral cortical thickness and explore the connectivity of cortical thickness and the clinical syndrome of concomitant strabismus using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging.Methods Participants were 26 children with primary strabismus and 28 healthy children strictly matched for sex, age, education and socioeconomic level.By using Freesurfer software, the whole-brain-based analysis was perfomrmed to compare the cortical thickness between the two groups.Results Compared with the healthy control group the children with strabismus were found that the cerebral cortex became thinner, including these brain regions related with stereovision,advanced visual-attention,attention and executive control function,as well as brain areas in insula and cingulate circuit.Conclusion Concomitant strabismus in children are not only caused by pathological changes of extraocular muscles,but anatomical changes of the central nervous system, especially the brain areas involved in the advanced visual processing related with visual-motor and visual-attention, and the advanced cognitive brain regions associated with attention and executive control, as well as the anatomical changes in insula and cingulate cortex circuit, which can explain the clinical syndrome of children with concomitant strabismus.

7.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 64-67,71, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606155

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between coronary lesions with serum cystatin C (Cys C)and vascular endothelial function(RHI)in the patients with coronary heart disease(CHD).Methods A total of 318 patients receiving coronary angiography(CAG)were selected as the research subjects and divided into the control group(65 cases)and CHD group;then the CHD group was divided into the single-vessel lesion group(77cases),double-vessel lesions group(70c ases),multiple-vessel lesions group(106 cases)according to CAG and the number of disease vessels;the CHD group was re-divided into the low score group(67 cases),middle score group(107 cases)and high score group(79 cases)according to the Gensini score of coronary artery lesions.The vascular endothelial function was evaluated by using peripheral arterial tension (PAT)measurement technique.The reactive hypere-mia index(RHI)was calculated;serum Cys C level was determined by immunoturbidimetry.Results The serum Cys C level was in-creased and RHI level was reduced as the number of lesion vessels increasing,the inter-group comparison showed the statistical difference (P 0.05);the serum Cys C level was increased as the Gensini score increasing,the difference between the groups had statistical significance (P <0.05);the vascular RHI value was reduced as the coronary Gensini score increasing(P <0.05);moreover the Cys C level was positively correlated with the Gensini score (r=0.375,P <0.01);RHI was negatively correlated with corornary Gensi-ni score (r=-0.587,P <0.01 );the serum Cys C was negatively correlated with RHI(r =-0.350,P <0.01 ).Conclusion The vascular endothelial dysfunction and serum Cysc C level increase are associated with coronary lesions in CAD patients,moreover Cys C is negatively correlated with vascular RHI,serum Cys increase may be a predictive index for vascular endothelial function damage in CHD patients.

8.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 529-533, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620401

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between different Framinghan vascular risk factor and cognitive impairment in the middle-aged and elderly.methods 71 participants from Physical Examination Center,Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University were consecutively recruited from March 2016 to May 2016.Framingham Cardiovascular Disease Risk Profile (FCVDRP),Framingham Stroke Risk Profile (FSRP) and Framingham Coronary Heart Disease Risk Profile (FCHDRP) were respectively used to evaluate the vascular burden of the participants.Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and digital sign conversion test (DST) were used to evaluate the cognitive function of the participants.Partial correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation between FCVDRP,FSRP and FCHDRP scoring methods and cognitive function.Result s(1)After adjusting for education years,with the increase of vascular burden scores,the scores of MMSE (FCVDRP:low-risk group (28.29±1.38),mid-risk group(27.40±1.73),high-risk group (26.72±1.93);FSRP:low-risk group (28.00±1.60),mid-risk group (26.26±2.46),high-risk group (27.2±2.04);FCHDRP:low-risk group (27.74±1.73),mid-risk group (27.46±2.00),high-risk group (27.18±1.59)) and DST (FCVDRP:low-risk group (29.24±5.54),mid-risk group (27.40±1.73),high-risk group (26.72±6.76);FSRP:low-risk group (30.09±5.61),mid-risk group (25.11±7.55),high-risk group (23.53±5.60);FCHDRP:low-risk group (30.37±6.41),mid-risk group (25.46±6.76),high-risk group (26.82±5.99)) were significantly decreased(all P<0.05).(2)The Result s of partial correlations analysis showed that the scores of FSRP were significantly correlated with MMSE (r=-0.249) and DST (r=-0.291)(both P<0.05).Conclusion Aggregation of vascular risks factors may aggravate cognitive impairment in middle-aged and elderly people.Compared to FCVDRP and FCHDRP,FSRP assessment may be more significantly associated with vascular cognitive impairment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatric Heart Brain and Vessel Diseases ; (12): 699-703, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616583

ABSTRACT

Objective To study effect of Radix Angelica Sinensis (RAS) on Alzhemier's Disease (AD)-like lesions in rats with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH).Methods rats were randomly divided into sham group,bilateral vascular occlusion (model group),low RAS dose treatment group and high RAS dose treatment group.Cognitive function was assessed by Morris Water Maze and Object Recognition Test.Aβ was detected by ELISA while brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)、β secretory enzyme 1 (BACE1)、phosphorylated Tau and phosphorylation of Akt/ GSK3β was detected by Western blot.Results There were shorter target quadrant exploration time (TQET),lower priority index (PI) 、phosphorylated Akt/GSK3β expression、BDNF and high-er Aβ1 40 、Aβ1-42 、p-Tau and BACE1 in model group than insham group (P<0.05,P<0.01).Low and high RAS dose treatment lengthened TQET,improved PI、phosphorylated Akt/GSK3β expression and BDNF while decreased Aβ1-40 、Aβ1-42 、p-Tau and BACE1 compared with model group.BDNF was higher after high dose RAS treatment than model group (P<0.01).Conclusion RAS inhibits AD-like lesions in rats with CCH by downregulating the Akt/GSK3β pathway and BACE1 activity,thus improving the cognitive impairment.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1520-1523, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660155

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of 256-slice high resolution CT(HRCT)and reconstuction technique in the preoperative assessment of ossicular chain trauma.Methods 106 cases of temporal bone trauma were scanned using 256-slice HRCT,38 cases of ossicular chain trauma were collected.The multi-planar reformaition(MPR),curved plannar reformation(CPR) and three-dimensional volume rendering reformation (3D VR)of the ossicular chain were performed on Philips work station.The locations, types and the involving structures were analyzed,then these cases were followed up.The display rates of AX,MPR,CPR,3D VR were evaluated.Results Among 106 cases of temporal bone trauma,38 cases(76 ears)were found ossicular chain trauma,in which there were 43 ears of ossicular dislocation,22 ears incudomalleolar joint separation,6 ears incudomalleolar and incudostapedial joint separation,3 ears incudostapedial joint separation,11 ears translocation of the ossicles,1 ear stapediovestibular dislocation;4 ears ossicular fractures,2 ears fracture of the malleus,1 ear fracture of the incus,1 ear fracture of the stapes.Among 38 cases,11 cases underwent surgery,and the surgical results were consistent with CT findings.The display rates of AX,MPR,CPR,3D VR were 97.87%,100%, 97.87%,82.98% respectively.Conclusion 256-slice HRCT and reconstuction technique can clearly reveal the whole structure of ossicular chain trauma,which are effective methods for diagonsis of ossicular chain trauma before surgery.

11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1493-1496, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659461

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of HRCT for the diagnosis of internal ear injuries caused by temporal bone trauma.Methods Totally 106 patients with temporal bone trauma were scanned by HRCT,and 12 patients with internal ear injuries were collected.MPR of temporal bone (cochlea,vestibule,horizontal semicircular canal,anterior semicircular canal and posterior semicircular canal) was performed on Philips workstation.The locations,types,and the involving structures were observed.Results Among the 106 cases of temporal bone trauma,12 cases were internal ear injuries,including 8 cases of fractures of inner ear,3 cases of pneumolabyrinth,and 1 case of foreign body in the cochlea,which 3 cases complicated with traumatic labyrinthine ossification.Conclusion HRCT and MPR can clearly reveal internal ear injuries,which are effective methods for diagnosis of internal ear injuries.

12.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1520-1523, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657755

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of 256-slice high resolution CT(HRCT)and reconstuction technique in the preoperative assessment of ossicular chain trauma.Methods 106 cases of temporal bone trauma were scanned using 256-slice HRCT,38 cases of ossicular chain trauma were collected.The multi-planar reformaition(MPR),curved plannar reformation(CPR) and three-dimensional volume rendering reformation (3D VR)of the ossicular chain were performed on Philips work station.The locations, types and the involving structures were analyzed,then these cases were followed up.The display rates of AX,MPR,CPR,3D VR were evaluated.Results Among 106 cases of temporal bone trauma,38 cases(76 ears)were found ossicular chain trauma,in which there were 43 ears of ossicular dislocation,22 ears incudomalleolar joint separation,6 ears incudomalleolar and incudostapedial joint separation,3 ears incudostapedial joint separation,11 ears translocation of the ossicles,1 ear stapediovestibular dislocation;4 ears ossicular fractures,2 ears fracture of the malleus,1 ear fracture of the incus,1 ear fracture of the stapes.Among 38 cases,11 cases underwent surgery,and the surgical results were consistent with CT findings.The display rates of AX,MPR,CPR,3D VR were 97.87%,100%, 97.87%,82.98% respectively.Conclusion 256-slice HRCT and reconstuction technique can clearly reveal the whole structure of ossicular chain trauma,which are effective methods for diagonsis of ossicular chain trauma before surgery.

13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Imaging Technology ; (12): 1493-1496, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662134

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of HRCT for the diagnosis of internal ear injuries caused by temporal bone trauma.Methods Totally 106 patients with temporal bone trauma were scanned by HRCT,and 12 patients with internal ear injuries were collected.MPR of temporal bone (cochlea,vestibule,horizontal semicircular canal,anterior semicircular canal and posterior semicircular canal) was performed on Philips workstation.The locations,types,and the involving structures were observed.Results Among the 106 cases of temporal bone trauma,12 cases were internal ear injuries,including 8 cases of fractures of inner ear,3 cases of pneumolabyrinth,and 1 case of foreign body in the cochlea,which 3 cases complicated with traumatic labyrinthine ossification.Conclusion HRCT and MPR can clearly reveal internal ear injuries,which are effective methods for diagnosis of internal ear injuries.

14.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 79-84, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483941

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe effect of environmental enrichment on the learning and memory ability and the expressions of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1a) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in rats with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.Methods A total of 40 rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: bilateral vascular occlusion (2VO) of the common carotid arteries group (n=14, 2VO group), 2VO + enriched environment (EE) group (n=14, 2VO+EE group) and sham group (n=12, SHAM group).Morris water maze, novel object recognition test, real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry methods and Western blotting were used to detect changes in learning and memory ability of rats and HIF-1α and VEGF expression levels in hippocampus.Results Morris water maze showed that the escape latency was longer in the 2VO group than in the SHAM group at 3, 4 and 5 day during the training (all P<0.05), while the 2VO+EE group spent significantly less time in finding the platform as compared with the 2VO group at 4 and 5 day (both P<0.05).The time for space exploration in target quadrant was less in 2VO group than in SHAM group (P<0.05), while it was longer in 2VO +EE group than in 2VO group (P<0.05).Novel object recognition test showed that the 2VO operation impaired the priority index (PI) of time spending at exploring the novel object (P<0.05), and environmental enrichment could improve the PI in 2VO group (P<0.05).The real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting showed that the HIF-1α mRNA expression was higher in 2VO group than in SHAM group (P<0.05).The VEGF mRNA and protein expressions were higher in 2VO+EE group than in 2VO group (both P<0.05).The expression of HIF-1α in hippocampal CA1 area was higher in 2VO group than in SHAM group (P<0.05).Conclusions Environmental enrichment can alleviate the damages of spatial and non-spatial learning and memory ability which are caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.And HIF-1α and its downstream gene VEGF may be involved in the restoration of cognitive function by enriched environment.

15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 215-219, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-670237

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of Radix Angelica Sinensis ( RAS) on depression be-havior and cytokines,TNF-αand IL-6,in the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex of depression model rats in-duced by chronic unpredictable mild stress ( CUMS) .Methods 32 adult male rats weighting 140-160 g were randomly divided into 4 groups: Control,CUMS,CUMS+fluoxetine and CUMS+RAS groups.CUMS procedure went on 5 consecutive weeks and during the last 3 weeks the rats in CUMS+fluoxetine and CUMS+RAS groups were taken RAS or fluoxetine via intragastric administration.After 5-week CUMS procedure, rats were subjected to sucrose preference test,forced swimming test and open field test.After behavioral tests were finished,all rats were anesthetized with 10%chloral hydrate (350 mg/kg,intraperitoneal injection) and then decapitated.The hippocampus and prefrontal cortex of rats were separated and ELISA was used to detect the expression of TNF-αand IL-6 in these regions.Results Comparing with control rats, rats exposed to CUMS showed decreased sucrose preference ratio((42±15)%),prolonged immobility time ((68.28±16.50) s),decreased crossing numbers (31.25±21.56) and increased TNF-α((206.14±30.53)pg/ml) and IL-6 ((369.51±103.81)pg/ml) expression in hippocampus and TNF-α((199.33±25.67)pg/ml) and IL-6 ((347.74±81.04) pg/ml) expression in prefrontal cortex ( P<0.01).However,RAS treated rats reversed the behavioral changes such as sucrose preference ratio((66±21)%),immobility time ((32.53±10.26)s) and crossing numbers ( 83.00 ±23.25 ) , meanwhile reduced TNF-α( ( 53.42 ±12.43 ) pg/ml ) and IL-6 ((93.84±13.19)pg/ml) expression in hippocampus,TNF-α((57.58±8.33)pg/ml) and IL-6((91.18± 17.37) pg/ml) expression in prefrontal cortex among stress rats ( P<0.01) .Conclusion RAS can amelio-rate CUMS induced depression behaviors of rats through regulating hippocampus and prefrontal cortex cyto-kines ( TNF-α,IL-6) .

16.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 953-956, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481971

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the damaging effect of infectious burden on cognition and the potential mechanisms, and reveal a newly insight into the prevention and treatment of cognitive impairment.Methods Based on the PUBMED, CBM and CNKI database, the articles involving the definition of infectious burden and the relationship between infectious burden and cognition were searched with the main key words infectious burden , cognition and inflammation.Results This study finally included 42 articles from the primarily retrieved 342 articles.Overall, the definition of infectious burden remains controversial.Infectious burden was related to cognitive impairment whereas the potential mechanisms had not been fully elucidated.Conclusion Infectious burden is the risk factor of cognitive impairment via the possible mechanisms of inflammation,vascular lesion and neuronal toxicity.

17.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 841-843, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479823

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Objective:To study risk factors of the old subjects with severe periodontitis.Methods:1 60 cases of patients aged 61 ~81 years with severe periodontitis were included in the case group and other 200 cases of age matched individuals without periodontitis were included in the control group.The related risk factors for senile severe periodontitis were analyzed by oral and periodental exami-nation and questionaire survey.Results:Smoking (OR =3.1 601 ,95% CI:1 .051 -1 .31 0),diabetes mellitus(OR =2.1 42,95%CI:1 .621 -5.91 2),bad prosthesis(OR =1 .989,95% CI:1 .21 8 -4.298),merging root bifurcation lesions (OR =3.282,95%CI:1 .01 9 -2.296)and the combination of systemic disease (OR =2.1 96,95% CI:1 .51 6 -2.61 9)factors were closely related to the pathogenesis of elderly severe periodontitis,and were the independent risk factors.Conclusion:Smoking,diabetes mellitus,bad prosthesis,root bifurcation lesions and the combining systemic disease are main risk factors of senile severe periodontitis diseases.

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Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 95-98, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469202

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on cognitive function in rats with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.Methods The animal model of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion was established in 30 Sprague-Dawley rats by surgically induced bilateral common caroid artery stenosis,who were then divided into a control group and a treatment group.The rats in the treatment group were administered with 20 Hz rTMS 4 weeks postoperation for 7days.Another 10 rat subject to sham operation served as blank controls.The cognitive function was assessed by Morris water maze (MWM) at the time points of 2nd,3rd,4th and 5th days after ending of the 4 weeks of tretment.The morphologic changes of hippocampus neurons were observed with HE staining.The apoptosis was examined by TUNEL,the expression of Bcl-2 or Bax protein was determined using immnunohistochemistry assay.Results At all the time points the MWM escape latency in the rTMS group was shorter than that in the control group (P < 0.01).The percentage of crossing the corresponding platform during the same time period in platform quadrant in the rTMS group was significant higher than that in the control group (P < 0.01).Compared with the control group,the treatment group demonstrated significantly decreased percentage of neuronal apoptosis (P <0.05),as well as increased expression of Bcl-2 protein (P <0.01) and reduced expression of Bax protein (P < 0.01).Conclusion rTMS can improve the cognitive dysfunction in rats caused by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion,probably through inhibiting neuronal apoptosis in hippocampus region.

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Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 629-632, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480898

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Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of different full spectrum light times in treating patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD).Methods A total of 127 AD patients with sleep disorder were randomly divided into a blank group (n=34),a 30 min group (n=31),a 60 min group (n=33) and a 120 min group (n=29).After one month treatment by 10 000 lux full spectrum fluorescent light,the improvements of sleep quality,excessive daytime sleepiness,cognitive ability,mental state,dementia degree were graded by Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PQSI),Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS),Neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI),mini-mental state examination (MMSE),global deterioration scale (GDS).The scores were compared among the groups before the treatment and after the treatment respectively.Results (1) Compared with before treatment,the scores of PQSI,ESS,NPI of the 30 min group,60min group and 120min group were statistically significant (in 30 min group 14.4 ±5.2vs 11.7±4.9,14.4±4.1 vs 11.8±3.7,14.2±1.3 vs 10.9±1.7,t=2.071,2.609,8.446.P=0.043,0.011,0.000; in 60 min group13.4±4.0 vs 8.1±3.7,14.5±3.0 vs 9.4±2.0,13.7±5.8 vs 8.7±4.3,t=5.650,8.209,3.902,all P<0.01 ;in 120 min group 14.0±3.2 vs 7.0±2.3,14.7-±2.3 vs 7.0± 1.9,14.9±3.6 vs 8.1±3.7,t=9.474,13.926,7.062,all P<0.01),but the scores of MMSE,GDS were not statistical significances(all P>0.05).(2)Compared with the blank group,the scores of PQSI,ESS,NPI of 30 min group,60 min group and 120 min group were statistically significant (30 min group t=1.936,4.524,2.482,P=0.031,0.000,0.016.60 min group t=5.945,5.153,7.319,all P=0.000.120 min group t=7.896,6.767,10.776,all P=0.000), but the scores of MMSE,GDS were not statistical significances(all P>0.05).(3)Compared with the 30 min group,the scores of PQSI,ESS,NPI of 60 min group and 120 min group were statistically significances (60 min group t =3.288,2.694,3.354,P=0.002,0.009,0.001.120 min group t=4.615,3.930,6.303,all P =0.000),the scores of MMSE,GDS were not statistical significances (all P>0.05).Compared with the 60 min group,the scores of ESS of 120 min group was statistically significant(t=4.854,P=0.000),but the scores of PQSI,NPI,MMSE,GDS were not statistical significances (all P > 0.05).Conclusion It is demonstrated good curative effects that light therapy treat patients on AD patients in the matter of sleep quality,excessive daytime sleepiness,mental state,but have not apparent effect for their cognitive ability and dementia degree.And the effect of light therapy with 60 or 120 minutes is better than that of 30 minute,illumination time of 120 minutes is superior to that of 60 minutes in improving excessive daytime sleepiness.Light therapy has no obvious impacts in the cognitive ability and the degree of dementia in the patients with AD and has not appear obvious adverse reaction in the process of treatment.

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Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 45-48, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443910

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of hippocampal neurogenesis in spatial learning and memory,especially in spatial long-term memory.Methods Totally 24 wistar rats were randomly divided into two groups:normal control group (NC group,n =12) and irradiation group (IRR group,n =12).We use low-dose irradiation at subgranular zone to inhibit adult hippocampal neurogenesis and new neurons were investigated by 5-Bromo-2-deoxyUridine/neuron specific nuclear protein double-labeling.Four weeks after irradiation,Morris water maze,including navigation test and space exploration assay,was used to detect spatial leaming and memory.Then,in the day 8 and day 15 after the navigation test,space exploration assay was repeated to detect spatial long-term memory.The expression levels of postsynaptic density protein 95 and synaptophysin were evaluated using western blot and real-time quantitative PCR.Results Hippocampal neurogenesis was inhibited by low dose irradiation(2.80 ± 0.44 vs 23.50 ± 1.12,t =20.21,P < 0.01).After the inhibition,the escape latency did not change,while the time spent in target quadrant was significantly declined in the day 2((14.76 ±.2.04) s vs (20.47 ± 1.29) s),day 8((11.95 ± 1.34) s vs (19.52±1.43) s)and day 15((11.79 ±1.35) s vs (21.58 ±1.07) s) after the navigation test (t=2.45,P<0.05; t =3.76,P<0.01; t =5.39,P<0.01).The postsynaptic density protein 95 and synaptophysin expressions were significantly decreased in IRR group.As to the RNA levels,there was also a significant difference between the two groups.Conclusion Hippocampal neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus plays an important role for the formation of spatial long-term memory.

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