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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 118-125, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012700

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical efficacy of Qihuang Jianpi Zishen Granules in the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its effect on the signal transducer and activator of tranSCription 3/mammalian target of rapamycin (STAT3/mTOR) signaling pathway, and to decipher the possible mechanism. MethodSixty female SLE patients who met the criteria in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine from May 2022 to May 2023 were selected and randomized into a control group and an observation group (30 cases in each group). The control group was treated with prednisone acetate + hydroxychloroquine sulfate orally, and the observation group was additionally treated with Qihuang Jianpi Zishen granules. The treatment lasted for 8 weeks. The SLE disease activity (SLEDAI), TCM syndrome score, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), immune indexes [immunoglobulin G (IgG), C3, C4, CD4+, and CD8+], interleukin (IL)-17, IL-23, interferon (IFN)-γ, 24 h urinary protein (24 h PRO), serum creatinine (SCr), and expression of proteins [STAT3, phosphorylated (p)-STAT3, mTOR protein and STAT3,mTOR mRNA] in the STAT3/mTOR signaling pathway were determined before and after treatment. In addition, the adverse reactions were recorded. ResultAfter 8 weeks of treatment, the total response rate in the observation group was 93.33% (28/30), which was higher than that (70.00%, 21/30) in the control group (χ2=4.007, P<0.05). After treatment, both groups showed declined SLEDAI, TCM syndrome score, ESR, hs-CRP, IgG, CD8+, IL-17, IL-23, IFN-γ, 24 h PRO, SCr, and expression of proteins in the STAT3/mTOR pathway (P<0.01) and elevated levels of C3, C4, and CD4+ (P<0.01). Moreover, the observation group had lower SLEDAI, TCM syndrome score, ESR, hs-CRP, IgG, CD8+, IL-17, IL-23, IFN-γ, 24 h PRO, SCr, and expression of proteins in the STAT3/mTOR pathway (P<0.05, P<0.01) and higher levels of C3, C4, and CD4+ (P<0.05, P<0.01) than the control group after treatment. Neither group showed serious adverse reactions during the treatment period. ConclusionQihuang Jianpi Zishen Granules can ameliorate the inflammatory response, reduce the disease activity, and mitigate the kidney injury in SLE by inhibiting the STAT3/mTOR signaling pathway to regulate the immune function.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2923-2930, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007565

ABSTRACT

Melanoma accounts for a small proportion of skin cancers diagnosed each year, but it has a high degree of malignancy and rapid progression, resulting in a short survival period for patients. The incidence of melanoma continues to rise, and now melanoma accounts for 1.7% of cancer diagnoses worldwide and is the fifth most common cancer in the United States. With the development of high-throughput sequencing technologies, the understanding of the pathophysiology of melanoma had also been improved. The most common activating mutations in melanoma cells are BRAF , NRAS , and KIT mutations, which disrupt cell signaling pathways related to tumor proliferation. The progress has led to the emergence of molecularly targeted drugs, which extends the survival of patients with advanced melanoma. A large number of clinical trials have been conducted to confirm that targeted therapy for patients with advanced melanoma can improve progression-free survival and overall survival, and for stage III patients after radical tumor resection targeted therapy can reduce the recurrence of melanoma. Patients who were originally stage III or IV inoperable have the opportunity to achieve tumor radical resection after targeted therapy. This article reviewed the clinical trial data and summarized the clinical benefits and limitations of these therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , United States , Melanoma/genetics , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/therapeutic use
3.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 20-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application effect of three-fourths prone position drainage method in patients with pulmonary infection and consciousness disorders after tracheotomy.Methods:A total of 84 patients with consciousness disorders who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2018 to October 2020 with pulmonary infection after tracheotomy were selected. They were divided into the control group and the observation group, there were 42 cases in each group according to random number table method. The control group received routine prone position drainage for pulmonary infection after tracheotomy and the observation group was given three-fourths prone position drainage method. The arterial partial pressure of oxygen(PaO 2), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide(PaCO 2) before and after intervention, the drainage effect after the intervention, the absorption of pulmonary infection foci, and the time of antibiotic treatment for pulmonary infection during the patients′ hospitalization were compared between the two groups. Results:After the intervention, PaO 2 and PaCO 2 were (91.87 ± 7.21), (35.34 ± 3.28) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) in the observation group, and (85.23 ± 7.90), (43.41 ± 3.39) mmHg in the control group, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( t=-4.02, 11.09, both P<0.05). After the intervention, the apparent rate, effective rate, and ineffective rate were 78.57%(33/42), 19.05% (8/42), 2.38% (1/42) in the observation group,and 33.33% (14/42), 45.24% (19/42), 21.43% (9/42) in the control group. The drainage effect of the observation group was better than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-4.28, P<0.05). After the intervention, the complete absorption rate of the pulmonary infection foci and the time taken to treat pulmonary infection with antibiotics during hospitalization were 59.52% (25/42), (10.67 ± 2.70) d in the observation group, and 35.71%(15/42), (13.51 ± 3.46) d in the control group, the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=4.77, t=4.19, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The three-fourths prone position drainage method has significant application effect in patients with pulmonary infection and consciousness disorder after tracheotomy. It can effectively improve the drainage effect, improve oxygenation, promote the absorption of lung infections, and shorten the antibiotic treatment time.

4.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 173-178, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930215

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of curcumin on the nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor protein (NLRP3) inflammasome in cardiomyocytes of rats with early sepsis and its mechanism.Methods:Twenty-four male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: the sham-operated group (sham group, n=8), the sepsis group ( n=8), and the curcumin intervention group (Cur group, n=8). A rat model of sepsis was prepared by cecal ligation and perforation (CLP). After modeling, 100 mg/kg of curcumin was intraperitoneally injected and repeated 24 h later. Rats in the sepsis group were injected with normal saline. The levels of myocardial injury-specific troponin T (cTnT) in rat plasma were detected by ELISA at 6, 24, and 48 h. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological injury of the myocardium in the myocardial tissue of rat at 48 h. The apoptosis of cardiomyocytes was detected by TUNEL assay. The expression levels of Cleaved caspase-1, NLRP3 and IL-1β protein were detected by Western blot, and the ultrastructural changes of the cardiomyocytes were observed under a transmission electron microscope. Results:The levels of cTnT in rat plasma at 6, 24, and 48 h in the Cur group were significantly lower than those in the sepsis group ( P<0.05). HE staining showed infiltration, cell edema and necrosis of myocardial inflammatory cells in the sepsis group, while only partial cell edema and necrosis were observed in the Cur group. TUNEL assay showed that the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes in the Cur group was significantly lower than that in the sepsis group [(28.4±2.3)% vs. (43.6±3.8)%, P<0.05]. The expression levels of Cleaved caspase-1, NLRP3 and IL-1β in the Cur group were lower than those in the sepsis group and higher than those in the sham-operated group ( P<0.05). Under transmission electron microscopy, the nuclei in the sham-operated group had intact membranes and uniform chromatin distribution; in the sepsis group chromatin margination, pyknosis, mitochondrial cristae breakage, cavitation, and partial breakage of sarcomere were observed; while in the Cur group partial chromatin margination, slightly edema and dilation of mitochondria, with basically complete morphology were observed. Conclusions:Curcumin inhibits NLRP3-mediated acute myocardial injury in septic rats, and its mechanism may be related to pyroptosis induced by the down-regulation of the expression of Cleaved caspase-1 and IL-1β protein.

5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 304-309, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958371

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of application and manipulation technique of neuroendoscope in microsurgical clipping of ruptured posterior communicating artery(PCoA)aneurysms via keyhole approaches.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2020, the clinical data of 52 patients who received microsurgical clipping for ruptured via keyhole approach were retrospectively analysed. Forty-one patients had the intraoperative endoscopic monitoring. The supraorbital keyhole approach or pterional keyhole approach was applied based on the characteristics of the aneurysms. According to the in-surgery requirement, a 30° rigid neuroendoscope was used before and/or after clipping. All patients entered postoperative follow-up in outpatient clinic and were evaluated with the modified Rankin Scale(mRS).Results:All 52 patients had 52 ruptured PCoA aneurysms. Eighteen of the patients were treated via supraorbital keyhole approach and 34 via pterion keyhole approach. Pre-and post-clipping endoscopic observation were carried out in 12 cases and 29 only with post-clipping endoscopic observation. Residual aneurysmal neck was detected in 3 patients. Missed clipping of perforators was found in 2 patients and followed by proper adjustment of clips. All patients received follow-up angiographic examinations. Total obliteration of the aneurysm and an intact of internal carotid artery and PCoA were found in 41 patients by the intraoperative endoscopic observation. Two residual aneurysmal neck were detected in 11 patients without intraoperative endoscopic observation. After 11 to 45 months of follow-up, all patients had good recovery(mRS 0-1).Conclusion:It is a safe and effective method with endoscopic observation during microsurgical clipping procedure for ruptured PCoA aneurysms via keyhole approaches. It can effectively make up for the insufficient visual angle of microscope, realise the anatomical relationship between the aneurysm and adjacent structures, and avoid residual aneurysmal neck and an iatrogenic injury to the parent artery and perforators.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 759-761, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956049

ABSTRACT

With the widespread application of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) technology, ECMO centers have been established in most regions of China, and the demand for ECMO transport is also increasing. Critically ill patients with ECMO carry many catheters. ECMO devices and accessories are cumbersome and numerous, requiring a large amount of manpower to assist in the transfer. At present, most of ECMO transport equipment are vertical carts provided by equipment suppliers, which cannot accommodate all ancillary equipment and are difficult to be loaded into ambulances for transportation. Therefore, critically ill patients face many risks if they need to be transported inter-hospital. A specific vehicle for ECMO patients was designed by the medical staff of the department of critical care medicine of Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, which integrates the ECMO host, oxygenator, centrifugal pump, portable ventilator, coagulation instrument, injection pump, monitor, oxygen cylinder, and etc., to greatly facilitate the transportionation. This invention obtained the National Utility Model Patent of China (ZL 2019 2 1201261.4). The new ECMO transport vehicle can facilitate the interhospital transport of critically ill patients, reduce the occurrence of accidents, shorten the transport time and reduce the number of transport personnel, and has a good clinical application value.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 442-455, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881146

ABSTRACT

Although different types of drugs are available for postmenopausal osteoporosis, the limitations of the current therapies including drug resistances and adverse effects require identification of novel anti-osteoporosis agents. Here, we defined that norlichexanthone (NOR), a natural product, is a ligand of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER

8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 1-20, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880704

ABSTRACT

Proteins are major functional units that are tightly connected to form complex and dynamic networks. These networks enable cells and organisms to operate properly and respond efficiently to environmental cues. Over the past decades, many biochemical methods have been developed to search for protein-binding partners in order to understand how protein networks are constructed and connected. At the same time, rapid development in proteomics and mass spectrometry (MS) techniques makes it possible to identify interacting proteins and build comprehensive protein‒protein interaction networks. The resulting interactomes and networks have proven informative in the investigation of biological functions, such as in the field of DNA damage repair. In recent years, a number of proteins involved in DNA damage response and DNA repair pathways have been uncovered with MS-based protein‒protein interaction studies. As the technologies for enriching associated proteins and MS become more sophisticated, the studies of protein‒protein interactions are entering a new era. In this review, we summarize the strategies and recent developments for exploring protein‒protein interaction. In addition, we discuss the application of these tools in the investigation of protein‒protein interaction networks involved in DNA damage response and DNA repair.

9.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 434-446, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888199

ABSTRACT

Motor imagery (MI) is an important paradigm of driving brain computer interface (BCI). However, MI is not easy to control or acquire, and the performance of MI-BCI depends heavily on the performance of the subjects' MI. Therefore, the correct execution of MI mental activities, ability evaluation and improvement methods play important and even critical roles in the improvement and application of MI-BCI system's performance. However, in the research and development of MI-BCI, the existing researches mainly focus on the decoding algorithm of MI, but do not pay enough attention to the above three aspects of MI mental activities. In this paper, these problems of MI-BCI are discussed in detail, and it is pointed out that the subjects tend to use visual motor imagery as kinesthetic motor imagery. In the future, we need to develop some objective, quantitatively visualized MI ability evaluation methods, and develop some effective and less time-consumption training methods to improve MI ability. It is also necessary to solve the differences and commonness of MI problems between and within individuals and MI-BCI illiteracy to a certain extent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Algorithms , Brain-Computer Interfaces , Electroencephalography , Imagery, Psychotherapy , Imagination
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 275-278, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912668

ABSTRACT

Objective:To probe into the causes, reconstructive strategies, and repair outcomes of asymmetric eyelid configuration after blepharoplasty.Methods:All 73 patients (14 males and 59 females) with asymmetric double eyelid after blepharoplasty were recruited between July 2013 and June 2018 from Department of Plastic and Burns Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University. The patients aged from 18 years to 42 years with the median age of 27 years. The new double eyelid line was designed pre-operation. Releasing subcutaneous adhesion of upper eyelid entirely, trimming inferior orbicularis oculi, adjusting and comparing the attachment position of bilateral levator aponeurosis were performed during surgery. Patients and surgeons marked the appearance of double eyelid both before and after repair operation, results of which were analyzed by t-test.Results:All 73 patients obtained improved double eyelid with primary healing. During follow-up from 8 to 12 months, repaired double eyelid showed satisfactory configuration with smooth natural double eyelid line and symmetric bilateral double eyelid. Of the 73 patients, 3 (4.1%) complaint rough double eyelid line, for whom re-fixation through small incision were adopted and no complication was observed during follow-up time. Scores by patients and surgeons were both significantly better after surgery.Conclusions:Analyzing the causes of asymmetric eyelid after double-eyelid blepharoplasty and repairing it contribute to aesthetic pleasing reconstructed double eyelid.

11.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E443-E316, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862367

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze mechanical characteristics for stress accumulation of the maxillary complex during expansion until complete fracture of the mid-palatal suture by using the three-dimensional (3D) finite element method, and verify validity of the model. Methods The finite element maxillary complex model containing the microimplants was established. The yield strength of the mid-palatal suture was set, and the transverse displacement of 0.25 mm was loaded every 5 ms as the load until the suture was completely fractured. The CT images of one clinical patient before and after expansion were compared and verified. Results During 0-17 ms, the stress was mainly concentrated around the microimplants, the middle of the mid-palatal suture and the zygomatico-maxillary sutures. During 18-60 ms, cracks began to occur in the mid-palatal suture, and expanded forward and backward. During 61-71 ms, the rupture path was followed by posterior part of the mid, palatal suture-the front part and the back part. Conclusions The 3D finite element model of microimplant-assisted expansion based on fracture mechanics was effective and the calculated fracture process result were more consistent with clinical practice. The research findings provide the mechanical reference model for more effective research on microimplant-assisted palatal expansion in the future.

12.
Chinese Journal of Gastroenterology ; (12): 406-410, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861802

ABSTRACT

Background: Alterations in intestinal microbiota and oxytocin receptors (OTR) expression play important roles in the pathogenesis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), however, the underlying mechanisms have not yet been fully elucidated. Aims: To investigate the characteristics of intestinal mucosal microbiota and expression of OTR in patients with IBS and the correlation between intestinal mucosal microbiota and expression of OTR. Methods: Colonic mucosa specimens of IBS-D, IBS-U patients diagnosed by Rome criteria from July 2017 to December 2017 at Peace Hospital Affiliated to Changzhi Medical College were collected, and 13 healthy subjects were served as controls. The species diversity and abundance of intestinal mucosal microbiota were detected by high-throughput sequencing platform. The expression of OTR in colonic mucosa was determined by immunohistochemistry. Results: The mucosal intestinal microbiota of IBS-D group, IBS-U group and control group were mainly consisted of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Bacteroides. No significant differences in chao1 index, shannon index were found among the three groups (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the abundance of Granulicatella was significantly decreased (H=6.212, P0.05). Conclusions: There is no significant change in intestinal mucosal microbiota diversity in patients with IBS. The abundance of some microbiota is changed, and the abundance of intestinal mucosal microbiota in different subtypes of IBS are different. The expression of OTR in the colonic mucosa of IBS patients is up-regulated and associated with the abundance of Tissierella.

13.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 233-236, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804896

ABSTRACT

Scars formed by various injuries can affect the appearance and psychology of patients. Therefore, more and more people pay attention to the prevention and treatment of scar. With the development of the autologous fat grafting, it has been gradually applied to the prevention and treatment of scar. At present, it has been confirmed by scholars that the autologous fat grafting could be an effective method to prevent and treat scar from basic research and clinical practice. At the same time, the deficiency of autologous fat grafting in the prevention and treatment of scar was also pointed out. This paper reviews the application, mechanism, and deficiency of autologous fat grafting in scar prevention and treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 652-657, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755024

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of bladder filling status on the movement of uterine and on the volume of organs at risk(OAR), so as to provide theoretical basis for individualized internal target volume ( ITV) and planning target volume ( PTV) . Methods Simulation CT images for a total of 27 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer were acquired with empty bladder, 1. 0 h after bladder filling, 1. 5 h after bladder filling, respectively. The volumes of uterine corpus, cervix, OARs, CTV and PTV 1. 0 h after bladder filling were delineated. The impact of bladder filling status on the displacements of cervix and corpus, volumetric changes of rectum, small intestine, and the volumes of small intestine, bladder and rectum within PTV were analyzed. The correlation between bladder filling status and uterine displacement and volume of OAR was also investigated, as well as the volume of cervix and corpus in the PTV with empty bladder and 1. 5 h after bladder filling. Results Bladder filling status is different for individual cases. The maximum movement range of cervix and uterine body with bladder filling state was 0-3.04 cm and 0-4.31 cm respectively. The anterior displacements of corpus (F=7. 818, P<0. 05) , the volumetric changes of blander, as well the volume of bladder and small intestine in the PTV ( F=46. 197, 44. 609, 29. 546, P<0. 05 ) were significantly different between different bladder filling status. The bladder filling status was correlated with the displacements of the anterior of corpus, volumetric changes of small intestine, and the volumes of bladder and small intestine within the PTV ( r=-0. 232,-0. 298, 0. 915, -0. 336, P<0. 05) . The volumes of cervix and corpus out of the PTV were significantly different between the empty bladder and 1. 5 h after bladder filling ( t=-1. 326, -1. 559, P<0. 05 ) . Conclusions Bladder filling status was different for individual patients. The displacements of the anterior of the corpus were significantly affected by the bladder filling status. Increasing the anterior margin of PTV was recommended. The consistency of bladder filling status was critical for the precise cervical cancer IMRT.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 485-488, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753530

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of improving immunity in the treatment of chronic brucellosis,and to analyze and evaluate its clinical curative effect.Methods A patient with chronic brucellosis was treated with Mongolian medicine combined with chemical drugs to enhance immunity.The clinical symptoms,serological antibodies,Brucella DNA and immune function were compared before and after treatment.The specific antibody against Brucella in serum was detected by tube agglutination test (SAT) and tiger red plate agglutination test (RBPT).Brucella DNA in serum and blood cells was detected by PCR,and the peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were detected by flow cytometry.Immuno-luminescence technique was used to detect serum immunoglobulin and complement components.Results After treatment,the clinical symptoms such as cold back,fatigue,and joint pain disappeared completely,and the results of serum specific antibodies against Brucella were SAT 1 ∶ 50 (++)and RBPT (+) with no changes before and after treatment,and the results of cells and serum were both negative after treatment though the results of DNA detection of Brucella were cell positive and seronegative before treatment.The results of immunological function test showed that γδT cells decreased to 9.50% after treatment compared to 14.00% before treatment,and the percentage of monocytes and Treg cells were 5.59% and 7.33% after treatment,which were higher than 3.35% and 4.72% of before treatment,and the level of complement C3 was 0.79 g/L before treatment and 0.91 g/L after treatment that was returned to normal reference range (0.88 ~ 2.01 g/L).Conclusion The patients with chronic brucellosis can improve their clinical treatment by improving immunity.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 652-657, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797654

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of bladder filling status on the movement of uterine and on the volume of organs at risk(OAR), so as to provide theoretical basis for individualized internal target volume (ITV) and planning target volume (PTV).@*Methods@#Simulation CT images for a total of 27 patients with locally advanced cervical cancer were acquired with empty bladder, 1.0 h after bladder filling, 1.5 h after bladder filling, respectively. The volumes of uterine corpus, cervix, OARs, CTV and PTV 1.0 h after bladder filling were delineated. The impact of bladder filling status on the displacements of cervix and corpus, volumetric changes of rectum, small intestine, and the volumes of small intestine, bladder and rectum within PTV were analyzed. The correlation between bladder filling status and uterine displacement and volume of OAR was also investigated, as well as the volume of cervix and corpus in the PTV with empty bladder and 1.5 h after bladder filling.@*Results@#Bladder filling status is different for individual cases. The maximum movement range of cervix and uterine body with bladder filling state was 0-3.04 cm and 0-4.31 cm respectively. The anterior displacements of corpus (F=7.818, P<0.05), the volumetric changes of blander, as well the volume of bladder and small intestine in the PTV (F=46.197, 44.609, 29.546, P<0.05) were significantly different between different bladder filling status. The bladder filling status was correlated with the displacements of the anterior of corpus, volumetric changes of small intestine, and the volumes of bladder and small intestine within the PTV (r=-0.232, -0.298, 0.915, -0.336, P<0.05). The volumes of cervix and corpus out of the PTV were significantly different between the empty bladder and 1.5 h after bladder filling (t=-1.326, -1.559, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Bladder filling status was different for individual patients. The displacements of the anterior of the corpus were significantly affected by the bladder filling status. Increasing the anterior margin of PTV was recommended. The consistency of bladder filling status was critical for the precise cervical cancer IMRT.

17.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1955-1958, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697864

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of pirfenidone (PFD) on the transformation of rat corneal stromal cells into fibroblasts in vitro and further explore the anti-fibrotic effect of PFD. Methods The corneal stromal cells from SD rat was isolated and cultured ,and was determined by vimentin stain. The experiment was divided into control group(DMEM+10%FBS),TGF-β1 group(2 ng/mL TGF-β1+DMEM+10%FBS)and PFD group(1 mg/mL PFD+ 2 ng/mL TGF-β1+DMEM+ 10%FBS). Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay. Collagen Ⅰ,Collagen Ⅲ,Keratocan and CD99 expression were detected by Western blot. Results Compared with control group and TGF-β1 group,the cell proliferation were significantly decreased in PFD group(P<0.05). Western blot showed that PFD can up-regulated Collagen Ⅰand Keratocan but down-regulated Collagen ⅢCD90 expression(P < 0.05). The ratio of Collagen Ⅲ/Collagen Ⅰ in PFD group was lowest in all groups(P < 0.05). Conclusion PFD can resistant fibration in corneal stromal cells may through the inhibition of TGF-β ,which affect the collagen synthesis and Keratocan,CD90 expression.

18.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 76-79, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694894

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of nicorandil on hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α mRNA and protein in lung tissue of one-lung ventilation.Methods Twenty-four clean New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into sham group (group S) (two-lung ventilation+thoracotomy),negative control group (group C) (one-lung ventilation + thoracotomy + saline),nicorandil group (group N) (one-lung ventilation+ thoracotomy+ nicorandil) and antagonist group (group J) (one-lung ventilation + thoracotomy + nicorandil + glibenclanide) equally.The implementation of mechanical ventilation depended on self-made double-lumen endotracheal tube after intravenous induction through ear marginal vein.Intravenous maintenance medicine was infused by trace injection pump after anesthesia induction.The implementation of thoracic surgery was simulated through one-lung and two-lung ventilation by auscultation,bubble test and direct observation.Group S was given anaesthesia only,no one-lung ventilation group S,the other three groups had single lung ventilation,and the drug was injected before the operation.Group N was infused nicorandil 100 ptg· kg-1 · h-1 before the implementation of single lung ventilation for 1 h.Group C was injected with the same amount of normal saline.Group J was intravenous infusion of glibenclamide 75 μg· kg-1 · h-1 and nieorandil 100μg · kg-1 · h-1 the implementation of single lung ventilation for 1 h.Then wet and dry weight ratio(W/D) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were measured after non-ventilatory lung was processed and preserved.The expression of HIF-1α protein of non ventilatory lung tissue was detected by Western-blot in the four groups.The transcription of HIF-1α mRNA was detected by real-time quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in all groups.Results W/D in groups C and J were significantly higher compared with that of groups S and N (P<0.05).The activity of SOD in groups C and J was significantly lower compared with groups S and N (P<0.05).The expression of HIF1α protein and transcription of HIF-1α mRNA in groups C,N and J were significantly higher than those in group S,and that of group N was significantly higher than those of groups C and J (P<0.05).Conclsion Nicorandil has a protective effect on the collapse and inflation of non-ventilatory lung in rabbit with one-lung ventilation,reducing oxidative stress by SOD,acting on mito KATP and coming into play by up-regulation of HIF-1α.

19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 506-508, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807194

ABSTRACT

Burn medicine of China started in 1958. Over the past 60 years, through the efforts of numerous burn discipline scholars, China′s burn clinical and scientific research have reached the world′s advanced level. Department of Burns and Plastics Surgery of West China Hospital of Sichuan University was founded in 1963. Department of Burns of our hospital was established earlier in China. In the past 60 years, professor Yu Baoliang, Ren Linsen, and Cen Ying had been working hard for the development of our department. Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery in West China Hospital of Sichuan University has developed from a pure therapeutic specialty group into one of the burn centers with strong technical force, first-class medical level, advanced instruments and equipment, rich scientific research achievements, and integrated medicine, teaching, and research in southwestern China, which enjoys high prestige at home and abroad.

20.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 529-533, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806887

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In order to achieve superior aesthetic outcomes of reconstructed ear, analyze and summarize clinical therapeutic effect in completely applying expanded retroauricular flap to encapsulate cartilage scaffold in total auricular reconstruction.@*Methods@#From January 2016 to October 2017, fifty-three congenital microtia patients were treated. A kidney-shaped tissue expander with 50 ml capacity was embedded under retroauricular skin in the first-stage. After excessive expansion to 70 ml and remaining stable for 4 weeks, secondary operation was performed to completely encapsulate cartilage scaffold with expanded retroauricular skin. Postoperative follow-up was carried out on a routine basis.@*Results@#All patients had undergone operations successfully with primary healing of incision. Blood supply of the retroauricular flaps was excellent, and cartilage scaffolds totally survived with no infection and absorption. Satisfactory aesthetic outcome along with clear structure, reasonable symmetry and suitable auriculocephalic angle was acquired in all cases. No color aberration was observed between the front and back side of reconstructed ear. Scars of retroauricular incisions and costal cartilage harvesting incisions were unconspicuous.@*Conclusions@#Only using expansive retroauricular flap to fully cover reconstructed cartilage scaffold is reasonable and simple without skin grafting, which is worthy of more application in microtia treatment.

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