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1.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 879-888, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanisms that mediate the anti-inflammatory activity of Eurycoma longifolia.@*METHODS@#Kunming mouse models of xylene-induced ear swelling and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute pneumonia were used to compare the anti- inflammatory activities of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Eurycoma longifolia. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS was used to identify the chemical composition in the ethanol extract of Eurycoma longifolia, based on which the potential antiinflammatory targets of Eurycoma longifolia were screened using the databases including SwissADME, SwissTargetPrediction, and Genecards. The String database was used to generate the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, and Cytoscape was used for network topology analysis and screening the core targets. The enrichment of the core targets was analyzed using Metascape database, the core components and targets were docked with Autodock software, and the docking results were visualized using Pymol software. In a RAW264.7 cell model of LPS-induced inflammation, the Griess reagent was used to measure NO level, and Western blotting was performed to detect the expression levels of MAPK1, JAK2, and STAT3 proteins to verify the anti- inflammatory mechanism of Eurycoma longifolia.@*RESULTS@#The ethanol extract (75%) of Eurycoma longifolia (ELE) was the active site, which contained a total of 37 chemical components. These chemical compounds and diseases had 541 targets, involving the JAK/STAT3, cAMP and other signaling pathways. Twelve indicator components were identified, which all showed good results of molecular docking with two core targets involved in the signaling pathways. In the cell validation experiment, treatment of the cells with low-, medium-, and high-dose ELE significantly reduced NO release in the cells, and ELE at the medium dose significantly decreased the cellular expressions of JAK2 and STAT3.@*CONCLUSION@#The anti-inflammatory activity of Eurycoma longifolia is attributed primarily to its active ingredients bitter lignin and alkaloids, which may regulate the JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway by targeting JAK2 and STAT3.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Network Pharmacology , Eurycoma , Lipopolysaccharides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Ethanol , Plant Extracts/pharmacology
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 431-434, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993108

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the precision of 3D printing coplanar template (3D-PCT) assisted CT-guided radioactive particle implantation using two types of phantoms, and compare the differences between the phantoms, in order to provide reference for radioactive particle implantation.Methods:The needle inserting path was designed in the brachytherapy treatment planning system (BTPS) and the needle tip coordinates were obtained. Following the needle inserting path, the implant needles were inserted into the custom and the liver phantoms, respectively. Then gold markers were implanted through the needles. Subsequently, the needles were withdrawn by 10 mm, and the cold sources were implanted. The coordinates of needle tips, gold markers, and cold sources were recorded. The precision of implanted needles, first particles, and particles after needle withdrawal were obtained by calculating the distance between two points in the space. Finally, the differences between the two phantoms were compared through independent samples t-test. Results:In the 3D-PCT-assisted CT-guided radioactive particle implantation, the precision of implanted needles, first particles, and particles after needle withdrawal in the custom and the liver phantoms was (1.89±0.72) and (2.14±0.88 ) mm ( P>0.05), (2.03±1.14) and (2.42±1.12) mm ( P>0.05), and (-1.96±1.29) and (-2.82±0.91) mm ( t=2.09, P=0.046), respectively. Conclusions:The 3D-PCT-assisted CT-guided radioactive particle implantation is efficient, stable, and precise, showing slight precision differences between the two phantoms.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-10, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998157

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the therapeutic effect of Yupingfeng San on allergic rhinitis (AR) and its effect on Reactive oxygen species (ROS)/NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain associated protein 3 (NLRP3)/cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (Caspase-1) pathway. MethodSPF mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, loratadine group (0.9 mg·kg-1), and low, medium, and high dose Yupingfeng San groups (6, 12, 24 mg·kg-1), with 10 mice in each group. The control group was given routine feeding, and the other groups were intraperitoneally injected with [ovalbumin(OVA) + Al(OH)₃ + phosphate buffer solution(PBS)] suspension once every other day for seven consecutive times. After seven days, 10% OVA solution was instilled in the nose, two times each day for seven consecutive days. After successful modeling, each administration group was intraperitoneally injected with different doses of Yupingfeng San Decoction, and the control group and model group were intraperitoneally injected with an equal volume of normal saline. Symptoms of sneezing, scratching, and runny nose were recorded and scored daily. The levels of ovalbumin specific immunoglobulin E (OVA-sIgE), histamine, eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-18 (IL-18), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and γ interferon (IFN-γ) in nasal lavage solution and serum of mice were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The damage status of the nasal mucosa was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The number of goblet cells in the nasal mucosa of mice was observed by periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. The expression of NLRP3 protein in the nasal mucosa of mice was detected by immunohistochemistry. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of NLRP3, cleaved Caspase-1, and cleaved gasdermin D (GSDMD) proteins in the nasal mucosa. The test kit was used to detect the changes in ROS in the nasal cavity of mice in each group. ResultCompared with the control group, the nasal symptoms of the model group were significantly aggravated, and the levels of inflammatory factors OVA-sIgE, histamine, ECP, PGD2, IL-1β, IL-18, and IL-4 in serum and nasal lavage solution were increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). The levels of IFN-γ were decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). The histopathological score, goblet cell number, and ROS content were significantly increased (P<0.01), and the expressions of pyrodeath-related proteins NLRP3, cleaved Caspase-1, and cleaved GSDMD were increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the nasal symptoms of the loratadine group and Yupingfeng San groups were significantly relieved, and the levels of inflammatory factors OVA-sIgE, histamine, ECP, PGD2, IL-1β, IL-18, and IL-4 in serum and nasal lavage solution were decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). The levels of IFN-γ were increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). The histopathological scores, goblet cell number, and ROS content were significantly decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and the expressions of pyrodeath-related proteins NLRP3, cleaved Caspase-1, and cleaved GSDMD were decreased (P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the loratadine group, the curative effect of the high dose Yupingfeng San group was further increased (P<0.05,P<0.01). ConclusionYupingfeng San has a therapeutic effect on AR, and its specific effect may be related to the inhibition of ROS/NLRP3/Caspase-1-induced cell pyroptosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 113-119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993723

ABSTRACT

The global efforts aimed at preventing and controlling HIV infections have made remarkable progress. With the continuous accumulation of clinical evidence and the development of antiviral drugs, the treatment of HIV/AIDS has entered an era of chronic disease management. However, it has also brought about many challenges. Currently, some areas in prevention, control and management of HIV infection need to be further improved, and the long-term management model currently in use need to be further refined in China. The comprehensive whole-course management mode for HIV/AIDS, which is proved as effective and efficient means, should be widely recognized and vigorously promoted in order to provide reference and assistance for the clinical management of HIV infection in China.

5.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E098-E104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920675

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveT o explore the influence of patch shape for intraventricular tunnel (IVT) construction on biomechanical performance of the double outlet right ventricle after correction. Methods Based on the idealized IVT model, a two-dimensional IVT patch was designed. Six groups of patch models with the rhombic long-to-short axis ratio of 1∶0.625, 1∶0.3, 1∶0.2, 1∶0.15, 1∶0.125, 1∶0.1 were established according to the difference between the long and short axis of the rhombus patch in the turning part, and finite element analysis method was used to numerically simulate the process of stitching, holding and propping up the patch into a three-dimensional (3D) IVT model. Results The maximum stresses on suture line of 6 patch models were mainly concentrated at acute-angle corners of the rhombus. As rhombic long-to-short axis ratio of the patch increased, the maximum stress of the IVT suture line first decreased and then increased, and the volume showed an increasing trend. The pressure difference between two ends of the tunnel first decreased and then increased. The patch with the long-to-short axis ratio of 1∶0.15 had a uniform surface stress distribution, and the maximum stress on the suture line was the smallest. Meanwhile the right ventricular volume was less encroached on, and the pressure difference at both ends of the tunnel was small. Conclusions The IVT shape can influence stresses of suture line, the right ventricle volume and the pressure difference of IVT with non-monotonic variations. The suture effect of the patch with the long-to-short axis ratio of 1∶0.15 is relatively better among the constructed models.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 367-372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of preoperative and postoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapies in the treatment of stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ A gastric cancer patients who underwent D2 lymphadenectomy with R0 resection. Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ A gastric cancer who underwent D2 lymphadenectomy with R0 resection in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2012 to 2019. Among these patients, 25 received preoperative chemoradiotherapy (group A) and 22 received postoperative chemoradiotherapy (group B). The disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), local recurrence rate, distant metastasis rate, and adverse reactions were compared between both groups. The total dose, single dose, fractions, and duration of radiotherapy for all the patients were 45-50.4 Gy, 1.8-2.0 Gy, 25-28 fractions, and 5-6 weeks, respectively. The target areas were delineated in accordance with the ASTRO and EORTC-ROG guidelines. Results:There was no statistical difference in clinical baseline characteristics between the two groups. The median follow-up was 48 months (3-72 months). The 1-year OS of group A was significantly higher than that of group B (92% vs. 54.5%, χ2= 5.68, P = 0.017). The 3-year OS and DFS of the two groups were 56% vs. 40.9% ( P> 0.05) and 51.4% vs. 31.8% ( P> 0.05), respectively. There was no significant difference in the local recurrence rate between both groups ( P> 0.05), but the distant metastasis rate of group A was significantly lower than that of group B ( χ2= 6.01, P = 0.014). There was no significant difference in digestive side effects and myelosuppression between both groups ( P> 0.05). Conclusions:For patients with stageⅢ-Ⅳ A gastric cancer after D2 lymphadenectomy with R0 resection, the preoperative and postoperative chemoradiotherapies yield similar efficacy and safety. However, compared to postoperative chemoradiotherapy, preoperative chemoradiotherapy improves the 1-year OS and reduces the distant metastasis rate.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 53-60, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931743

ABSTRACT

Malnutrition is closely related to clinical outcomes and accurate evaluation of nutritional status is the cornerstone of nutritional therapy. However, consistent diagnostic criteria for malnutrition have been absent for quite a long period. The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria were introduced in September 2018 and served as a consensus-based evaluation tool. As per GLIM criteria, evaluation of malnutrition should follow a two-step approach with nutritional screening as the first step and then malnutrition diagnosis assessment and severity grading based on etiologic as well as phenotypic metrics. Since debut, GLIM criteria have been applied in different countries, healthcare settings and populations, showing good accuracy and prognostic value for outcomes such as complications and survival. However, most of the studies are retrospective in nature and high-quality prospective studies are needed to better validate GLIM criteria. The way to steer nutritional interventions based on GLIM criteria is also worth future investigation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 859-864, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958591

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the serum tenascin-C levels in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and its impact on the long-term prognosis.Methods:One hundred and thirteen STEMI patients who were admitted to the Department of Cardiology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University and successfully underwent emergency PCI from June 2015 to June 2016 were included in this prospective study. The serum tenascin-C levels were measured during hospitalization, and the patients were divided into tenascin-C ≥ 120 μg/L group and tenascin-C<120 μg/L group according to the serum tenascin-C level. Major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) were observed during the 5 years follow up in all patients. According to the incidence of MACE, the patients were divided into MACE group and non-MACE group, and the predictive factors of MACE were analyzed. Continuous variables were presented as the mean±standard deviation and compared with the Student′s t-test. Categorical variables were presented as percentages and compared with the Chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the value of serum tenascin-C level in predicting MACE in STEMI patients. Kaplan Meier survival analysis was used to compare the incidence of MACE between two groups. Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of MACE during the 5 years follow up.Results:The serum tenascin-C levels in the STEMI patients increased on the first day after the onset of disease (46.5±24.8 μg/L), peaked on the third day (97.5±41.2 μg/L), and then gradually decreased. All patients were followed up for 5 years. There were 37 cases of MACE, including 4 cases of cardiac death (3.5%), 14 cases of heart failure (12.4%), 14 cases of recurrent myocardial infarction or revascularization (12.4%), and 5 cases of stroke (4.4%). For prediction of MACE, the area under the curve of the serum TN-C level was 0.953 (95% CI 0.918-0.988, P<0.05), which was thus a valuable biomarker in predicting MACE for STEMI patients. The incidence of MACE in the group of tenascin-C≥120 μg/L group was higher than that in the group of tenascin-C<120 μg/L group (86.4% [19/22] vs 19.8% [18/91]), and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Cox proportional hazards model analysis showed that serum tenascin-C level was an independent predictor of MACE for STEMI patients during the 5 years follow-up ( HR=1.007, 95% CI 1.001-1.012, P<0.05). In addition, other variables including high sensitivity C-reactive protein ( HR=1.028, 95% CI 1.007-1.049, P<0.05), and cardiac troponin Ⅰ ( HR=1.004, 95% CI 1.000-1.008, P<0.05) were also found to be the independent predictors of MACE. Conclusions:The serum tenascin-C levels in STEMI patients increased significantly during the acute disease phase. Detecting the serum tenascin-C levels is valuable for predicting MACE in STEMI patients, and serum tenascin-C is an independent predictor of MACE in STEMI patients during the long-term follow-up period after acute myocardial infarction.

9.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 910-916, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the HPLC fingerprint of Centellae herba and determine the content of asiaticoside, madecassic acid and asiaticoside B simultaneously; To compare the quality differences of Centellae herba collected in different months. Methods:The chromatographic condition was a Shimadzu InertSustain C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 2 mmol/L beta cyclodextrin in gradient elution at the flow rate of 0.8 ml/min. The detection wavelength was 204 nm, and the column temperature was 30 ℃. The different Centellae herba materials of collected in 2-12 months from Chenzhou were studied by the similarity evaluation combined with cluster analysis, principal component analysis and the three contents determination. Results:The HPLC fingerprint of Centellae herba was established and 9 common peaks were designated. The eleven samples were different, which can be aggregated into 4 categories and the quality of Centellae herba collected in July was the best. Conclusion:The established fingerprint and multi-components quantitative method are stable and reliable, which can provide a reference for the quality control and the utilization of Centellae herba resource.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 928-934, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993029

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of nimotuzumab combined with IMRT radiotherapy in the treatment of elderly patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted for 34 elderly LACC patients treated with nimotuzumab combined with IMRT radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the Zhangzhou Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University from June 2020 to December 2021. The efficacy and side effects were evaluated one and two years after treatment.Results:Median follow-up time was 13.3 months (6.1-24.3 months). A total of 24 cases of complete response (CR) and eight cases of partial response (PR) were achieved after treatment, with an objective response rate (ORR) of 94.1% (32/34). The tumor diameters were (49.56 ± 19.22) mm before treatment and (19.61 ± 14.59) mm after treatment, with a tumor regression rate (TRR) of 59.22%.The 1- and 2- year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 84.9% and 84.9%, overall survival (OS) rates 91.8% and 87.2%, respectively, disease-free survival (DFS) rates 91.8% and 87.2%, respectively, and the cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates 95.7% and 90.9%, respectively. The main adverse events included radiation enteritis, leukopenia, hypoproteinemia and anemia.Conclusions:Nimotuzumab combined with IMRT radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy is safe and effective in the treatment of LACC.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 666-671, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and prognostic factors of 125I seeds implantation for primary hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods:From December 2011 to January 2021, 102 primary hepatocellular carcinoma patients (86 males, 16 females; median age 61 years) who underwent 125I seeds implantation from 5 hospitals in China were enrolled in this retrospective study. Local progression-free survival (LPFS), overall survival (OS) and the prognostic factors were analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the distribution curve of survival time, and LPFS rate and OS rate were calculated. Log-rank test and Cox regression were used to analyze the influencing factors of survival. Results:The median follow-up time was 38 months until April 2021. The local control rate was 96.1%(98/102). The 1-, 3- and 5-year LPFS rate were 61.3%, 25.5% and 12.7%, and the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rate were 73.9%, 39.1% and 22.6%, respectively. There were 75 patients with progressive disease, including 42 patients with intrahepatic recurrence and metastasis after seed implantation, and 55 patients died. Multivariate analyses showed that short-term efficacy complete response (CR) (hazard ratio ( HR)=0.34, 95% CI: 0.20-0.58) was protective factor related to LPFS; short-term efficacy CR ( HR=0.25, 95% CI: 0.13-0.47) was the protective factors related to OS; Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) C stage ( HR=2.33, 95% CI: 1.27-4.27), intrahepatic progression and extrahepatic metastasis ( HR=3.18, 95% CI: 1.28-7.86; HR=3.23, 95% CI: 1.27-8.21) were independent risk factors related to OS. No sever adverse effects were observed. Conclusions:125I seeds implantation is safe and effective for the treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma. BCLC stage, short-term efficacy and post-implantation progression are independent factors related to survival time.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 753-758, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of Ki-67 and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) in salivary duct carcinoma in stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ A. Methods:The data of 52 cases of locally advanced salivary duct carcinoma(SDC) diagnosed from January 2012 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent radical surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. Among them, 15.4% of patients had local recurrence, 28.8% had distant metastasis, 17.3% had regional recurrence with distant metastasis. The relationship between clinical features, pathological features such as Ki-67 and HER-2 and prognosis such as local recurrence and distant metastasis was analyzed.Results:The average follow-up time was 37.6 months. The 1- and 2-year local recurrence free survival, distant metastasis free survival, progression free survival were 86.5%, 73.1%, 65.4% and 67.3%, 55.8%, 46.2% respectively. The 3-year progression free survival rate was 33.3%. Comparison between groups showed that age ≥ 65 years old, T stage, TNM stage, vascular tumor thrombus, radiotherapy dose <60 Gy, Ki-67 positive index and HER-2 positive were related to the prognosis of different stages. In multivariate analysis, only age, Ki-67 positive index ≥ 60% and HER-2 protein (3+ ) were independent poor prognostic factors for locally advanced SDC ( t =5.16, 9.84, 8.23, P<0.05). Conclusions:In stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ A SDC, only radical surgery and postoperative radiotherapy have a high rate of distant metastasis. Ki-67 positive index and HER-2 positive are independent adverse prognostic factors.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 697-703, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956847

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of multimodal imaging on the performance of automatic segmentation of glioblastoma targets for radiotherapy based on a deep learning approach.Methods:The computed tomography (CT) images and the contrast-enhanced T1 weighted (T1C) sequence and the T2 fluid attenuated inversion recovery (T2- FLAIR) sequence of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of 30 patients with glioblastoma were collected. The gross tumor volumes (GTV) and their corresponding clinical target volumes CTV1 and CTV2 of the 30 patients were manually delineated according to the criteria of the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG). Moreover, four different datasets were designed, namely a unimodal CT dataset (only containing the CT sequences of 30 cases), a multimodal CT-T1C dataset (containing the CT and T1C sequences of 30 cases), a multimodal CT-T2-FLAIR dataset (containing the CT and T2- FLAIR sequences of the 30 cases), and a trimodal CT-MRI dataset (containing the CT, T1C, and T2- FLAIR sequences of 30 cases). For each dataset, the data of 25 cases were used for training the modified 3D U-Net model, while the data of the rest five cases were used for testing. Furthermore, this study evaluated the segmentation performance of the GTV, CTV1, and CTV2 of the testing cases obtained using the 3D U-Net model according to the indices including Dice similarity coefficient (DSC), 95% Hausdorff distance (HD95), and relative volume error (RVE).Results:The best automatic segmentation result of GTV were achieved using the CT-MRI dataset. Compared with the segmentation result using the CT dataset (DSC: 0.94 vs. 0.79, HD95: 2.09 mm vs. 12.33 mm, and RVE: 1.16% vs. 20.14%), there were statistically significant differences in DSC ( t=3.78, P<0.05) and HD95 ( t=4.07, P<0.05) obtained using the CT-MRI dataset. Highly consistent automatic segmentation result of CTV1 and CTV2 were also achieved using the CT-MRI dataset (DSC: 0.90 vs. 0.91, HD95: 3.78 mm vs. 2.41 mm, RVE: 3.61% vs. 5.35%). However, compared to the CT dataset, there were no statistically significant differences in DSC and HD95 of CTV1 and CTV2 ( P>0.05). Additionally, the 3D U-Net model yielded some errors in predicting the upper and lower bounds of GTV and the adjacent organs (e.g., the brainstem and eyeball) of CTV2. Conclusions:The modified 3D U-Net model based on the multimodal CT-MRI dataset can achieve better segmentation result of glioblastoma targets and its application potentially benefits clinical practice.

14.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 623-628, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of eye-open/closed state on 40 Hz auditory steady state response (ASSR) in first-degree relatives of schizophrenia.Methods:Thirty-eight first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients treated in Shanghai Mental Health Center from March 2010 to October 2011 were selected, and 31 healthy controls were recruited in the same period. All subjects were assessed with schizotypal personality questionnaire (SPQ). The 40 Hz EEG ASSR signals lasting for 3 min under open and closed eyes of all subjects were sequentially collected.Event-related spectrum perturbation (ERSP) and intertribal phase coherence (ITC) were used to evaluate ASSR. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Two-way analysis of variance was used to compare ITC and ERSP between the two groups under open and closed eyes. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between each measurement.Results:ITC in group main effect and group×the eye open/closed interaction effect were not significant (both P>0.05), but the main effect of eye-open and eye-closed was significant ( F(1, 67)=10.61, P=0.002). In the healthy control group, the ITC in eye-open state was significantly higher than that in eye-closed state ( P=0.014), and in the first-degree relatives group, the ITC in eye-open state was higher than that in eyes closed state ( P=0.039). ERSP in the main effect of eye-open and eye-closed ( F(1, 67)=0.195, P=0.660), group main effect ( F(1, 67) =0.627, P=0.431), group × the eye-open/closed interaction effect ( F(1, 67)= 1.034, P=0.313) was not significant. Spearman correlation analysis showed that there was no correlation between ERSP (eye open: r=-0.260, P=0.210; eye closed: r=-0.318, P=0.122), ITC (eye open: r=-0.248, P=0.232; eye closed: r=-0.260, P=0.209) and SPQ score in the healthy control group. There was also no correlation between ERSP (eye open: r=-0.387, P=0.226; eye closed: r=-0.363, P=0.238) or ITC (eye open: r=0.126, P=0.485; eye closed: r=0.096, P=0.595) and SPQ score in the first-degree relatives group of schizophrenia. Conclusion:The regulation pattern of 40 Hz ASSR in schizophrenic first-degree relatives is not significantly impaired in the eye-open/closed state, suggesting that the open/closed regulation pattern of 40 Hz ASSR may not be a potential marker for predicting the genetic high-risk prognosis of schizophrenia.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 634-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941485

ABSTRACT

Objective To modify the mouse model of orthotopic left lung transplantation from different perspectives, aiming to establish a simpler, faster and stabler mouse model of lung transplantation. Methods Based on preliminary modified rat model of orthotopic left lung transplantation established by our team, varying extent of modifications were made regarding the tracheal intubation, cannula preparation and anastomosis procedures of orthotopic left lung transplantation in the recipient mice. Orthotopic left lung transplantation in 40 mice were performed by an operator with microsurgical experience. The dissection of the recipient's hilar structure was carried out at the plane of the hilar clamp model within the reverse-view, and the three branches (left main bronchus, pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein) of the pulmonary hilum were anastomosed in turn by the "pendulum" anastomosis method. The operation time of each procedure was recorded. The recipient mice were sacrificed at postoperative 2 weeks, and the incidence of postoperative complications was recorded. Results Lung transplantation was successfully completed in 40 mice, with no bronchial and vascular tearing or twisting, and no bleeding at the anastomosis site. The overall cardiopulmonary procurement time was (10.7±1.5) min, cannula preparation time was (16.2±1.5) min, cold ischemia time was (25.1±2.4) min, warm ischemia time was (19.4±1.6) min, and the total operation time was (57.2±2.9) min, respectively. During the follow-up from 6 to 14 days after surgery, one recipient mouse died of pleural effusion, probably caused by infection. No pneumothorax, thrombosis or atelectasis was found in the remaining recipient mice during postoperative follow-up. Conclusions The modified mouse model of orthotopic left lung transplantation based on "pendulum" anastomosis of the reverse-view plane possesses multiple advantages of short operation time, high success rate and few complications, which is expected to become an alternative model of studying pathological changes after lung transplantation and worthy of further application.

16.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 650-654, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922077

ABSTRACT

This research is based on data from clinical information systems such as HIS, EMR, LIS, etc, based on the functions of the traditional paper bedside card, relying on wired network technology, using the Internet of Things technology to design and develop a multi-functional intelligent interactive electronic bedside card system for inpatients. The functional framework of the system is introduced and discussed in detail, and the design is carried out from several aspects of system architecture, network architecture, software architecture, database and software system. The results show that the system has stable performance and can ensure the real-time and accuracy of medical information. The implementation of the system can fully meet the needs of clinical first-line ward management, reduce the workload of nursing staff, improve work efficiency, and reduce the possibility of medical accidents. At the same time, it can facilitate patients to see their own health information, improve patient experience. It has important guiding significance for the development of ward management and hospital information construction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electronics , Hospitals , Inpatients , Internet of Things , Technology
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 641-644, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922075

ABSTRACT

This research is based on data from clinical information systems such as HIS, EMR, LIS, etc, based on the functions of the traditional paper bedside card, relying on wired network technology, using the Internet of Things technology to design and develop a multi-functional intelligent interactive electronic bedside card system for inpatients. The functional framework of the system is introduced and discussed in detail, and the design is carried out from several aspects of system architecture, network architecture, software architecture, database and software system. The results show that the system has stable performance and can ensure the real-time and accuracy of medical information. The implementation of the system can fully meet the needs of clinical first-line ward management, reduce the workload of nursing staff, improve work efficiency, and reduce the possibility of medical accidents. At the same time, it can facilitate patients to see their own health information, improve patient experience. It has important guiding significance for the development of ward management and hospital information construction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electronics , Hospitals , Inpatients , Internet , Internet of Things , Technology
18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
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19.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e15-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915085

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of 3-dimensional (3D) printing noncoplanar templates (PNCT) assisted computer tomography (CT) guided radioactive125I seed implantation (RISI) for the treatment of recurrent cervical carcinoma (RCC) after external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). @*Methods@#A total of 103 patients with inoperable post-EBRT RCC were included in this retrospective study. A total of 111 lesions received RISI. Eight lesions were at the pelvic center, 75 lesions were at the pelvic lateral, and 28 lesions were extra-pelvic metastasis. The median prescription dose was 120 Gy. The primary end points were adverse events and local control (LC), and the secondary end points were overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival. @*Results@#Grade 2 adverse events of acute nausea, diarrhea, and pollakiuria occurred in 1, 2, and 1 patient, respectively. One patient suffered from grade 3 acute proctitis. Late toxicity was observed in 2 patients with rectovaginal fistula. No grade 5 toxicity occurred. The 3-year LC and OS rates were 75.1% and 20.8%, respectively. The median OS was 17 months. The multivariate analysis showed that the minimum dose received by the “hottest” 90% of the gross tumor volume (D 90 ) ≥130 Gy, squamous cell carcinoma, hemoglobin ≥80 g/L and good short-term efficacy (complete response or partial response) were independent predictors of LC and OS (all p<0.05). @*Conclusions@#3D-PNCT assisted CT-guided RISI is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive modality for RCC. The hemoglobin level, pathological type, dose distribution and short-term efficacy are considered as independent factors for clinical outcomes.

20.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 774-777, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911967

ABSTRACT

We report the clinical characteristics of congenital malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) of the neck in a fetus. Prenatal ultrasound and MRI at 33 +4 and 34 weeks gestation revealed a round solid mass on the right side of the fetus' neck. An initial differential diagnosis was between neuroblastoma and vascular malformation. Re-examination with ultrasound at 36 gestational weeks revealed an enlarged fetal neck mass, with concomitant multiple subcutaneous solid masses all over his body, right-side hydrothorax, and abnormal liver echo, which were highly suspicious of metastasis of a malignant tumor. The baby boy was delivered by cesarean section at 37 weeks of gestation with a normal Apgar score and slight shortness of breath. Physical examination showed scattered lesions in the neck, armpits, and limbs, etc. The condition of the infant deteriorated rapidly with the increasing number and volume of the masses after admission. The boy was confirmed as MRT (stage Ⅳ) by pathological biopsy on the left upper arm and died on postnatal day 10 after treatment was withdrawn.

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