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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor- γ (PPAR-γ) agonists rosiglitazone on the hepatocytes of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and the regulatory mechanism.Methods:Seventy two healthy male SD rats, weighing 255-315 g, aged 49-56 days, were randomly divided into SAP model group ( n=24, SAP model preparation), rosiglitazone group ( n=24, rosiglitazone intravenous injection after SAP model preparation) and sham operation group ( n=24, normal saline injection only). After 6 h, 12h and 24 hours of injection, 8 rats were treated at each time point. HE staining was used to study the liver tissue structure and detect the levels of serum tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin (IL) -1β, IL-6, AST, ALT and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the rats. Western blot was used to detect the expression of high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1), Janus activated kinase (JAK)2 and signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3. Results:The levels of serum TNF-α , IL-1β, IL-6, AST, ALT, LDH in SAP model group and rosiglitazone group were significantly higher than those in the sham operation group (all P<0.05). IL-1β at 6, 12h and 24 h in rosiglitazone group was (226.5±52.1)ng/L, (458.2±82.3)ng/L, (556.4±83.4) ng/L, ALT was (158. 3±39.2) U/L, (235.0±44.6)U/L, (298.4±56.6) U/L, which was lower than that in SAP model group (443. 5±62.3) ng/L, (622.6±78.3) ng/L, (789.1±105.7) ng/L and (198.4±42.5)U/L, (253.8±47.0)U/L, (337.2±60.1) U/L, the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). AST and LDH in rosiglitazone group were also lower than those in SAP model group at each time point, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). HE staining showed that there were less inflammation, hemorrhage and necrosis in rosiglitazone group than those in SAP model group. Expression of STAT3 in liver of rosiglitazone group at 6 h, 12 h and 24 h was (0.22±0.03), (0.30±0.04), (0.31±0.06), lower than SAP model group (0. 28±0.04), (0.38±0.05), (0.40±0.06), the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Expression of JAK2 and HMGB1 in rosiglitazone group at 12 h and 24 h was also lower than that in SAP model group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:PPAR-γ agonists rosiglitazone can protect the SAP rats suffering from hepatocyte injury and inflammation, through JAK2/STAT3 pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742762

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) combined with solid malignant neoplasms. Methods The clinical data of 8 CML patients with solid malignant neoplasms who were admitted to the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University, the Central Hospital of Nanyang City, the First Affiliated Hospital of Science and Technology University of Henan, and the Central Hospital of Xinxiang City from August 2006 to August 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical features, treatment and prognosis of the patients were summarized with the review of literature. Results Among the 8 patients, 3 were male and 5 female, aged 40-76 years, with a median of 50 years old. Seven cases were in CML chronic phase, and 1 was in accelerated phase. Seven patients were treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), and only 1 patient was treated with hydroxyurea. In 8 patients, two cases presented with synchronous multiple primary cancer (SMPC), 6 cases presented with heterochrony multiple primary cancer (HMPC). two patients received the operation, 1 patient received the operation and chemotherapy, 4 patients received chemotherapy, and 1 patient received the isotope treatment. One SMPC patient died and another one was under treatment, and 6 HMPC patients were under treatment. ConclusionsThe relationship between CML and solid malignant neoplasm is under discussion, but patients with CML and solid malignant neoplasm are not unusual. Clinicians should raise awareness to avoid misdiagnosis. The treatment should follow the two main lines that are comprehensive treatment and individualized treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488624

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the role of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in diagnosing and treating iatrogenic bile duct injury after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 45 patients with iatrogenic bile duct injury after LC who were investigated and treated by ERCP from December 2002 to August 2015.Results Using the StrasbergBismuth classification,there were 14 patients with type A and 4 with type C who were managed successfully using endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD) and interventional ultrasound abdominal localized puncture and drainage ; 7 patients with type D were managed successfully using endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) and endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD).For the 5 patients with type E Ⅰ and 3 patients with type E Ⅱ who were treated by EST and ERBD,one patient who had common bile duct transection required cholangioenteric Roux-en-Y anastomosis.For the 6 patients with type E Ⅲ and 6 patients with type EⅣ who were treated by EST and ERBD,a patient required a cholangioenteric Roux-en-Y anastomosis to achieve good results.Conclusions When iatrogenic bile duct injury is suspected after LC,correct assessment with ERCP should be taken immediately.ERCP when combined with ENBD and (or) ERBD could reduce bile duct pressure and dilate stenotic bile ducts to avoid further operation.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 156-158, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473358

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of different dosages of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) on generating the routine bone marrow dendritic cells, and supply suitable dosage of GM-CSF on preparation of dendritic cell vaccines used for different purpose. Methods Using low (5 ng/ml) and conventional (20 ng/ml) and high dosage( 50 ng/ml ) of GM-CSF combined interleukin-4 ( IL-4 ) to induce murine bone marrow dendritic cells were performed, The phenotypes (CD_(11c), CD_(80), CD_(86)) and functional properties of the DC were compared by FACS analysis and MLR. Results The DC induced by low dosage of GM-CSF were immature DC, expressing low CD_(11c), CD_(80), and CD_(86). DC induced by conventional dosage were functional mature, expressing higher CD_(11c), CD_(80), CD_(86), which could induce allogeneic T lymphocyte responses. DC induced by the high dosage GM-CSF were the most phetotypicaUy and functional mature cells, expressing the highest CD_(11c), CD_(80) CD_(86), which could induce the strongest allogeneic T lymphocyte responses. Conclusion The dosages of GM-CSF affect the maturation stage of dendritic cells. Low dosage of GM-CSF generated immature dendritic cells, but conventional dosage and high dosage generated mature dendritic cells. DC generated through high dosage of GM-CSF were the most mature in phenotype and function.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-560227

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of embolization of intracranial aneurysms with GDC.Methods 17 patients with 18 intrtacranial aneurysms were treated with GDC.15 patients presented SAH with the following classifications of Hunt and Hess grading:grade Ⅰ and Ⅱ with 10 patients respectively,Ⅲ with 3,Ⅳ with 2.Results 13 patients had excellent clinical outcomes,and 3 patients suffered from transient parlysis after embolization,but recovered following medical treatment medical treatment and one patient died.Conclusion Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms with GDC is a better alternative but a long-term follow-up is necessary.

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