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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1137-1141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972961

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide ideas and reference for the treatment and pharmaceutical care of infective endocarditis (IE) caused by Micrococcus luteus complicated with severe pneumonia. METHODS The clinical pharmacist participated in the treatment of a patient with IE caused by M. luteus complicated with severe pneumonia; all anti-infective treatment plans were agreed upon after the doctor invited the clinical pharmacist for consultation. After the implementation of the plan, the clinical pharmacist conducted pharmaceutical care of effectiveness and safety for the plan, including adopting suitable drug, adjusting the dose of vancomycin by using parameters such as steady-state valley concentration and creatinine clearance rate, monitoring renal function and adverse drug reactions. RESULTS IE caused by M. luteus was cured after surgery and full treatment with anti-bacterial drugs, the severe pneumonia was improved, and the decline of renal function caused by drugs and the primary disease were recovered; clinical pharmacists had ensured the effect of anti-infection treatment by assisting in the formulation of treatment plans and the implementation of pharmaceutical care, avoiding further renal damage and solving the problem of cefoperazone sulbactam- related drug fever. CONCLUSIONS IE caused by M. luteus is relatively serious, and the treatment drug can be vancomycin and rifampicin. During the treatment, it is necessary to monitor the renal function, and adjust the dose of vancomycin or change other drugs; anti-infection pharmaceutical care provided by clinical pharmacists can guarantee the effectiveness and safety of anti- infection plan, and avoid the occurrence of severe adverse drug reactions.

2.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 722-732, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003618

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the main active components and potential molecular mechanism of Sophora flavescens against breast cancer based on network pharmacology and molecular docking. Methods The chemical constituents were collected and screened by TCMSP, ETCM database and literature review. The targets of active ingredients were predicted by Swiss Target Prediction database. Breast cancer-related targets were collected by GeneCards, TTD, Drugbank and OMIM. The anti-breast cancer targets of Sophora flavescens were screened by Venny 2.1.0 software. Cytoscape software was used to construct the network diagram of Sophora flavescens-key active ingredients-targets. STRING database was used to analyze the common targets, and PPI network diagram was constructed. GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis of key target proteins were performed by DAVID database and Hiplot online platform. Schrodinger software was used to calculate the molecular docking between the active ingredients and targets. Molecular biological methods were used to verify the key targets. Results A total of 36 active components with clear structures were screened from Sophora flavescens. 70 anti-breast cancer targets of Sophora flavescens were screened out. 12 core targets including EGFR, AKT1, ESR1, SRC, CYP19A1, AR and ABCB1 participate in endocrine resistance, EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors and estrogen signaling pathways in breast cancer. Moreover, the docking score between the core component and the key target AR is the highest. In vitro experiments showed that the extract of Sophora flavescens can inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells, induce cell apoptosis and up-regulate AR protein expression. Conclusion It was revealed that Sophora flavescens plays an anti-breast cancer role by regulating complex biological processes through multiple components acting on multiple targets and signaling pathways. The upregulation of AR protein by Sophora flavescens may become a new therapeutic strategy for the treatment of breast cancer.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 209-216, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940746

ABSTRACT

Paclitaxel is the first-line chemotherapy drug for a variety of cancers. However, the paclitaxel resistance greatly reduced the efficacy in the later treatment stage, which seriously increased the mortality and recurrence rate of cancer and limited the clinical application of paclitaxel. At present, Chinese medicine compound prescription, proprietary Chinese medicine, and Chinese medicine injection are widely used as the adjuvant chemotherapy drugs for the treatment of cancer in clinic. Chinese medicine has shown unique advantages in improving the efficacy of chemotherapy drugs and the prognosis of chemotherapy, and reducing the toxic and side effects. However, the specific mechanism and effective monomer composition of Chinese medicine for reversing the resistance of chemotherapy drugs are unclear, and the application of Chinese medicine in different types of cancer is also limited, which are worthy of further exploration. This review summarized the composition of Chinese medicine monomer with synergistic antitumor effect combined with paclitaxel in recent years. The specific mechanism and pharmacological activities of Chinese medicine monomer reversing paclitaxel resistance were classified. This review found that through acting on the membrane transport protein, Chinese medicine monomer promoted the accumulation of paclitaxel in tumor cells, inhibited the expressions of protein and metabolic enzyme related to multidrug resistance and the metabolism of paclitaxel, and regulated the levels of apoptosis genes and factors and apoptosis-related pathways to promote the inhibitory effect of paclitaxel on cell proliferation. Chinese medicine monomer also significantly improved paclitaxel chemotherapy sensitivity by regulating the expression levels of micro ribonucleic acid (microRNA) and long non-coding ribonucleic acid RNA (lncRNA), inhibiting the characteristics of tumor stem cells and tumor metabolic reprogramming, improving tumor microenvironment, and triggering tumor cell death autophagy and oxidative stress response. This review provides a theoretical basis for clarifying the specific anti-tumor mechanism of Chinese medicine monomer combined with paclitaxel, which is of great significance for the development of new Chinese medicine and the clinical research of the drugs combined with paclitaxel, and has certain value for the application of Chinese medicine combined with other chemotherapy drugs.

4.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 308-315, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine classification and clinical features of morphea.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on epidemiological information about clinical manifestations of and laboratory data from 180 patients with morphea, who visited Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2010 to July 2021. Two-independent-sample t test was used to compare the age at onset between genders, and chi-square test to analyze differences in clinical characteristics between different genders and subtypes. Results:Among the 180 patients, 123 were females and 57 were males, with a male-to-female ratio of 1∶2.16. The age at onset of morphea was 28.69 ± 17.97 years for female patients, and 29.90 ± 20.67 years for male patients. Among them, linear morphea was the most common type in this study (68 cases, 37.78%), followed by plaque morphea (63 cases, 35.00%), mixed morphea (28 cases, 15.56%) and deep morphea (21 cases, 11.67%). The disease occurred in all age groups, but the age at onset significantly varied among different clinical subtypes ( F = 5.95, P < 0.001). No significant difference was observed in the age at onset or proportion of clinical subtypes between genders ( F = 0.15, P = 0.696; χ2 =2.88, P = 0.410). Atrophoderma of Pasini and Pierini (APP) was very common (62 cases, 34.44%) in the 180 patients, which mainly manifested as plaques or linear lesions, and 26 out of 45 patients with plaque APP and 11 out of 17 with linear APP were both accompanied by other subtypes of morphea. Among the 75 patients tested for autoantibody profiles, 34 (45.33%) presented with positive results. More diverse types of autoantibodies were found in female patients compared with male patients, and antinuclear antibodies, anti-SSA and anti-SSB antibodies were the most common types. There were various types of comorbidities in female patients, but lichen sclerosus et atrophicus and vitiligo were the most common comorbidities in both genders. Conclusion:High incidence and frequent co-occurrence with other subtypes of APP may be the characteristics of Chinese patients with morphea, and it is recommended to classify morphea into plaque, linear, deep and mixed subtypes.

5.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 351-355, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867066

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between childhood trauma and aggressive behavior in patients with major depressive disorder(MDD), and the mediating role of self-esteem in childhood trauma and aggression.Methods:A total of 241 MDD patients with childhood trauma were investigated by Chinese version of the Buss & Perry aggression questionnaire(AQ-CV) and self-esteem scale (SES). Data were analyzed by SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 24.0.Pearson correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation of childhood trauma, aggressive behavior and self-esteem.The Bootstrap method was applied to test the mediating effect of self-esteem between childhood trauma and aggressive behavior.Results:The total score of attack questionnaire, self-esteem and childhood trauma were (48.81±18.81), (24.91±5.29)and(53.87±10.43), respectively. Self-esteem of MDD patients was negatively correlated with aggressive behavior and childhood trauma ( r=-0.45, -0.24, P<0.01). Childhood trauma was positively correlated with aggressive behavior ( r=0.42, P<0.01). The direct effect of childhood trauma on aggressive behavior was 0.438(95% CI: 0.305, 0.579). Self-esteem played a partly mediating effect between childhood trauma and aggressive behavior, and the mediating effect value was 0.161 (95% CI: 0.080, 0.256), accounted for 26.9% of the total effect. Conclusion:Self-esteem plays a partly mediating role between childhood trauma and aggressive behavior.Childhood trauma can directly and through the part of mediating role of self-esteem affect aggressive behavior.

6.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 87-90, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510201

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Duyiwei capsule combined with traditional bone setting manipulation treatment of senile femoral intertrochanteric fracture clinical effect, for clinical elderly femoral intertrochanteric fracture clinical treatment in patients with reference. Methods 86 elderly patients with intertrochanteric fracture in Yuyao Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from April 2014 to May 2015 were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 43 cases in each group. The control group using tibial tubercle traction, after traction with the traction arch to maintain. The observation group was treated by TCM manipulation combined with Duyiwei capsule. Continuous treatment for two weeks in two groups. The quality of life and clinical efficacy were compared between the two groups after treatment score, pain score, fracture healing time, hospitalization time, Harris score, evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine treatment of manipulative reduction combined with Duyiwei capsule of senile intertrochanteric fracture clinical effect. Results Two groups of patients after 2 weeks of treatment, The quality of life score, the Harris score of the observation group was significantly higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), pain scores were significantly I control group, healing time and hospitalization time were significantly shorter than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The observation group excellent rate 90.7%was significantly higher than the control group 65.12%, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Duyiwei capsule combined with TCM manipulation for treatment of intertrochanteric fracture of femur in the elderly curative effect, effectively improve the patient's clinical experience, is suitable for the elderly femoral intertrochanteric fracture patients with a clinical treatment plan.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 516-519,529, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790808

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inhibitory effect of Xiaoaiping injection (XAP) combined with paclitaxel (PTX) on human ovarian cancer SK-OV-3 cells .Methods In vitro anti-proliferation activity study of XAP combined with PTX on hu-man ovarian cancer SK-OV-3 cells was performed using optical microscope and MTT assay .Human ovarian cancer SK-OV-3 cells were treated with PTX ,XAP ,PTX combined XAP or vehicle control .Each group of cells was treated with drugs for 24 h or 48 h .SK-OV-3 cell morphology was observed with optical microscope .MTT assay was used to detect the A value and cell vi-ability was calculated .In vivo effect of XAP combined with PTX on the growth of SK-OV-3 cells was determined in nude mice . In our study ,thirty-six mice were randomly divided into six groups :G1 (NS) ,G2 (PTX ,10 mg/kg) ,G3 (XAP ,20 ml/kg) , G4 (XAP ,50 ml/kg) ,G5 (PTX 10 mg/kg+XAP 20 ml/kg) and G6 (PTX 10 mg/kg+XAP 50 ml/kg) .Animals were trea-ted for 18 days .Body weight ,tumor volume and tumor inhibition rate were recorded and calculated .The results were analyzed by the SPSS 19 .0 software .Results In vitro study showed that SK-OV-3 cell viability decreased significantly in PTX com-bined XAP group compared to PTX group or XAP group ,in a time and dose-dependent manner .In vivo study showed that the combination of PTX and XAP resulted in decreased tumor weight significantly compared to the control or the PTX alone . Conclusion The combination of XAP and paclitaxel exhibited a synergistic effect both in vitro and in vivo in nude mouse tumor xenograft model .

8.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 407-411, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of brain-benefiting and collateral-unblocking needling technique for chronic alcoholic gastritis complicated with depression. Methods:A total of 92 cases with chronic alcoholic gastritis complicated with depression were included in this trial. They were randomly allocated into an observation group (n=46) and a control group (n=46) by random number (envelope) method. Patients in the observation group received the brain-benefiting and collateral-unblocking needling technique. Scalp points included Shenting (GV 24), Xinhui (GV 22), Qianding (GV 23), Baihui (GV 20), Chengguang (BL 6), Tongtian (BL 7) and Luoque (BL 8). Body points included Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Zhongwan (CV 12), Gongsun (SP 4), Shenmen (HT 7), Daling (PC 7), Qimen (LR 14), Xinshu (BL 15) and Taichong (LR 3). The control group only received the same body acupuncture as the observation group. The treatment was conducted once a day, 30 min for each treatment, and 10 times made up a course of treatment. The efficacy was observed after 3 courses of treatment, and there was a 2-d interval between two courses. Results:After 3 courses of treatment, the clinical symptoms and gastroscopic features were significantly improved in the observation group than that in the control group. The clinical efficacy, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) were significantly better than those in the control group (allP<0.05). Conclusion:The brain-benefiting and collateral-unblocking needling technique can significantly improve clinical symptoms in patients with chronic alcoholic gastritis complicated with depression and substantially alleviate their gastroscopic features, anxiety and depression.

9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1247-1251, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247806

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical efficacy differences among acupuncture combined with western medicine, acupuncture alone and western medicine alone for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety patients were randomly assigned into a needle-medicine group, an acupuncture group and a western medicine group, 30 patients in each group. The patients in the needle-medicine group were treated with acupuncture combined with western medicine; the scalp points included Shenting (GV 24), Xinhui (GV 22), Qianding (GV 21), Baihui (GV 20), Chengguang (BL 6), Tongtian (BL 7), etc. The body points were Zhongji (CV 3), Guanyuan (CV 4), Pangguangshu (BL 28), Ciliao (BL 32), etc. The acupuncture was given 30 min per treatment, once a day. Besides, oral administration of 0.2g levofloxacin (twice per day) and 0.2 mg tamsulosin (once a day) was applied. The patients in the acupuncture group and western medicine group were treated by acupuncture and western medicine respectively. 12-d treatment was taken as one session, and totally 2 sessions were given. The clinical efficacy of the three groups after treatment was compared as well as the National Institutes of Health-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI) total score and pain score, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the trial two patients dropped out, as a result, 30 patients in the needle-medicine group, 29 patients in the acupuncture group and 29 patients in the western medicine group were included in the analysis. After treatment, 21 patients were cured, 6 patients were markedly effective, 2 patients were effective and 1 patient failed in the needle-medicine group;12 patients were cured, 10 patients were markedly effective, 5 patients were effective and 2 patients failed in the acupuncture group; 11 patients were cured, 12 patients were markedly effective, 4 patients were effective and 2 patients failed in the medicine group; the efficacy in the needle-medicine group was superior to those in the acupuncture group and medicine group (both<0.05). Each score was improved after treatment in each group (all<0.01); the total score of NIH-CPSI as well as SAS and SDS scores in the needle-medicine group were superior to those in the acupuncture group and medicine group (<0.05,<0.01); the pain scores of NIH-CPSI in needle-medicine group and acupuncture group were superior to that in the medicine group (<0.05,<0.01), but the difference between the needle-medicine group and acupuncture group was not significant (>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The efficacy of acupuncture combined with western medicine for CP/CPPS is superior to that of acupuncture alone and western medicine alone, which could improve the symptom of prostatitis as well as status of anxiety and depression.</p>

10.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 281-284, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486477

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of the three active ingredients of a Chinese traditional medicine compound named Kang Fu Ling( KFL) against PC12 cells oxidative damage induced by microwave radiation.Methods PC12 cells were differentiated into neuros induced by nerve growth factor ( NGF ) .PC12 cells were incubated for 48 hours after astragalosides,total paeony glycoside and tanshinones were added at different concentrations (1, 3, or 9 μg/ml) .The cells in the control group were cultivated with the only medium of the same volume.Then, cells were irradiated with 30 mW/cm2 microwave for 6 minutes.The morphology of PC12 cells was observed under an inverted microscope soon before and after irradiation and the cell viability was measured by methylthiazolyl tetrazolium ( MTT) colorimetry.Reactive oxygen species ( ROS ) was determined using active oxygen probe 2′, 7′-dichlorodihyarofluolescen diacetde ( DCFH-DA ) while malonyldialdehyde(MDA) was measured in the homogenate of PC12 cells through thiobarbituric acid ( TBA) reactive substance assay.Results The cell morphology of each group showed no obvious difference.6 h after irradiation, the viability of irradiation control group measured by MTT declined apparently(P<0.01)compared with the normal control group.The 3 μg/ml astragalosides treatment group increased the viability of PC12 cells after microwave exposure ( P <0.01).The contents of ROS and MDA were increased after irradiation(P<0.01).However, in the three active ingredients of Kang Fu Ling treatment groups, both ROS and MDA were much lower than in irradiation control group.Conclusion Astragalosides, total paeony glycoside and tanshinones, which are the three active ingredients of Kang Fu Ling, all have protective effect against PC12 cell injury caused by microwave radiation,possibly by scavenging free radicals and reducing oxidative stress injury.

11.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 86-89, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462034

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a gas chromatographic method for the determination of 41 organophosphorus pesticide retention in ginseng. Methods Samples were extracted with acetonitril, purified by PSA solid phase extraction column, eluted by acetone-normal hexane, detected by FPD, and separated by ZB-1701 capillary column. Temperature for the samples was increased through program and the samples were determined by gas chromatography. Results 41 organophosphorus pesticides showed good linear relation in the range of 5-1000 μg/kg, and correlation coefficient was 0.991-0.998. The average recoveries at the three fortification levels (50, 100, 500μg/kg) were between 69.8% and 99.7% with the RSD between 1.9% and 15.3%. The limits of quantification (LOQ) of the 41 pesticides were between 9μg/kg and 45μg/kg. Conclusion The method developed in this study is with high degree of accuracy, good sensitivity, easy and simple to handle.

12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 892-894, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489834

ABSTRACT

Objective To master the status of iodine content in drinking water and iodine nutritional status of population before and after the salt iodine concentration reduction in 2012 in Meizhou City, and to provide a scientific basis for safety assessment of salt iodine content after adjustment of the policy.Methods Using stratified random sampling method, drinking water samples were collected, and iodide content was measured by cerous sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry.Urine samples of children aged 8-10 were collected, in which the iodide content was quantitatively tested by arsenic cerium catalytic spectrophotometry.Samples of household edible salt were collected to determine iodine content by direct titration in 2012 before (September 2011), and after the salt iodine concentration reduction (September 2012 and September 2013).Results A total of 422 water samples were measured, the median iodine content of water was 2.4 μg/L.The water iodine median was 2.1 μg/L in centralized water supply (n =163),and 2.9 μg/L in decentralized water supply (n =259), the difference was statistically significant (U =-2.526, P < 0.05).Totally 800 and 803 urine samples of children aged 8-10 were collected in 2011 and 2012, median urinary iodine was 216.5 and 207.5 μg/L, respectively, which were higher than that in 2013 (n =807, 190.0 μg/L, x2 =17.040,24.868, all P < 0.05).Urinary iodine ≥300 μg/L ratio was significantly decreased (2013 than 2011 and 2012,19.3% (156/807) vs.26.5% (212/800) and 24.5% (197/803), x2 =6.363, 11.695, all P < 0.05), and urinary iodine < 100 μg/L rose in the proportion (2013 than 2011, 18.0% vs.13.5%, x2 =6.045, P < 0.05).A total of 2 410 household salt samples were tested, and the coverage rate of iodized salt, iodized salt qualified rate, the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt were all higher than 98.8%.Totally 800, 803 and 807 salt samples were collected in 2011, 2012 and 2013, the salt iodine medians were 31.0, 27.7 and 25.4 mg/kg, respectively, the difference between the salt iodine medians was statistically significant (H =91.422, P < 0.05).Conclusions Iodine excess risk is significantly decreased, and the level of iodine nutritional status of the city's population is appropriate after the salt iodine concentration reduction in 2012.The salt iodine concentration adjusted is suitable and safe.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 191-193, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432973

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure and analyze Varian Clinac 21EX accelerator induced radioactivity,and to provide specific recommendations and ways of radiation protection for radiotherapy technicians.Methods To simulate the working environment of radiotherapy technician,and to detect induced radioactivity variation of Varian Clinac 21EX accelerator that induced by 15 MV X-rays under different conditions of beam field area,dose,time,distance and by high energy electron beam (12,16,20 MeV)at the different time.Results The induced radioactivity level was not influenced by different beam field area,and was increased with increasing dose (r =0.930,P < 0.05),decreased with time increase (r =-0.84,P < 0.05),decreased with distance increase(r =-0.975,P < 0.05).The induced radioactivity attenuation levels of the different doses at the same time are different,and have the common characteristic that the induced radioactivity attenuation rate is faster in the initial times.The induced radioactivity levels of high energy electron beams were significantly lower than those of high-energy X-rays.Conclusions During radiotherapy positioning,it is necessary to take measures to protect against the induced radioactivity when high-energy rays with energy greater than 10 MeV will be used.The radiotherapy technician should take the different time and energy interval steps for the different ray type and energy and dose in order to meet the radiation protection principle of optimization.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 80-81, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385550

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of temperature results between mercury thermometer and infrared thermometer. Methods The temperature of three parts was recorded respectively by mercury thermometer in axilla and infrared thermometer in forehead and earlobe on the same patient, totally 98 patients were recorded in ICU. Results There was statistical difference of three parts' temperature in 98 cases. It could be assumed that axilla temperature > earlobe temperature > forehead temperature;There was no statistical difference of three parts' temperature in 17 cases with temperature 38.0~38.9 ℃ by mercury thermometer, but the difference had clinical significance. It could be assumed that axilla temperature > earlobe temperature > forehead temperature; There was statistical difference of three parts' temperature in 30 cases with temperature at 37.0~37.9 ℃ by mercury thermometer. It could be assumed that axilla temperature > earlobe temperature > forehead temperature. There was no statistical difference of three parts'temperature in 51 cases with temperature at 35.0~36.9 ℃ by mercury thermometer. Conclusions Temperature of the patients with normal axilla temperature could be monitored by infrared thermometer instead of mercury thermometer,but it is not applicable to the patients with fever.

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