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China Pharmacy ; (12): 338-343, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913093


OBJECTIVE To study the effects of self-assembled nanoparticles from Shaoy ao gancao decoction (SGD-SAN)on the in vitro release and intestinal absorption of the main components of Glycyrrhiza uralensis . METHODS Gancao single decoction (GSD),Shaoyao single decoction (SSD),mixed suspension of Shaoyao and Gancao single decoction (MSSGD)and SGD (i.e. Shaoyao-Gancao decoction )were prepared ,and SAN was characterized. HPLC method was adopted to determine the contents of 7 main components (liquiritin apioside , liquiritin, isoliquiritin apioside , isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid , isoliquiritigenin)in G. uralensis . The dialysis bag method was used to investigate the effects of the formation of SGD-SAN on in vitro release of 7 main components in G. uralensis with pH 1.2 HCl solution and pH 6.8 phosphate buffered solution (PBS)as release media. Single-pass intestinal perfusion study was performed to investigate the effects of the formation of SGD-SAN on the intestinal absorption of 7 main components from G. uralensis . RESULTS SAN with particle size of 200-300 nm and polydispersity index of 0.3-0.5 was found in GSD ,MSSGD and SGD. GSD-SAN and MSSGD-SAN were in rod shape while SGD-SAN was irregularly spherical under transmission electron microscope. The results of in vitro release study showed that the formation of SGD-SAN could significantly increase in vitro release of liquiritigenin ,isoliquiritigenin and glycyrrhizic acid ,and had no effect on other components of G. uralensis in pH 1.2 HCl solution. The formation of SGD-SAN also had no effect on the release of each component from G. uralensis in pH 6.8 PBS. The results of intestinal perfusion experiments showed that the formation of SGD-SAN could significantly promote the absorption of each component from G. uralensis in the ileum. CONCLUSIONS- The formation of SGD-SAN significantly improves the in vitro release of poorly soluble components from G. uralensis and promotes the intestinal absorption of main components from G. uralensis ,which is the physical structure basis for the compatibility and synergy of Paeonia lactiflora and G. uralensis .

Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 35-39, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694200


Objective To compare the preventive effect on bile duct thermal damage of percutaneous transhepatic cholangial drainage (PTCD) intubation with that of endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (ENBD)intubation,through which cooling liquid is continuously infused,in treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)located close to the hepatic hilum by using percutaneous microwave ablation (PMWA) therapy.Methods The clinical data of 23 patients with HCC that was located close to the hepatic hilum,who were admitted to authors' hospital during the period from September 2013 to September 2016 to receive PMWA,were retrospectively analyzed.Among the 23 patients,PTCD intubation was employed in 12 and ENBD intubation was adopted in 11,and the cooling tube was placed in the bile duct near the tumor.Through the tube 4℃ cooling saline was rapidly and continuously infused,meanwhile PMWA was carried out under the guidance of B-ultrasound.The occurrence of thermal damage of the bile duct,the cooling technique-related complications,and the recurrence of HCC were compared between PTCD ~oup and ENBD group.Results The mean follow-up time was 20 months (3.0-36.0 months),and no operation-related death occurred in all 23 patients.In each group,postoperative biloma occurred in one patient.No obvious cooling techniquerelated complications were observed in PTCD group,but in ENBD group 4 patients (36.36%) developed cooling technique-related complications,including hemorrhage after incision of duodenal papilla (n=1,9.09%) and acute pancreatitis (n=3,27.27%);the difference in the incidence of cooling technique-related complications between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.037).No statistically significant differences in local recurrence rate,intrahepatic recurrence rate and mortality existed between the two gro ups(P=1.00,P=0.77 and P=0.61,respectively).Conclusion For the treatment of HCC located close to the hepatic hilum with radical PMWA therapy,continuous infusion of cooling liquid through PTCD intubation or ENBD intubation to prevent the thermal damage of the bile duct is clinically feasible and effective,and PTCD intubation method has less technique-related complications than ENBD intubation method.

Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 185-194, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242302


Lignin degradation products are toxic to microorganisms, which is one of the bottlenecks for fuel ethanol production. We studied the effects of phenolic ketones (4-hydroxyacetophenone, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-acetophenone and 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxy-acetophenone) derived from lignin degradation on ethanol fermentation of xylose and cellular lipid composition of Pichia stipitis NLP31. Ethanol and the cellular fatty acid of yeast were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Results indicate that phenolic ketones negatively affected ethanol fermentation of yeast and the lower molecular weight phenolic ketone compound was more toxic. When the concentration of 4-hydroxyacetophenone was 1.5 g/L, at fermentation of 24 h, the xylose utilization ratio, ethanol yield and ethanol concentration decreased by 42.47%, 5.30% and 9.76 g/L, respectively, compared to the control. When phenolic ketones were in the medium, the ratio of unsaturated fatty acids to saturated fatty acids (UFA/SFA) of yeast cells was improved. When 1.5 g/L of three aforementioned phenolic ketones was added to the fermentation medium, the UFA/SFA ratio of yeast cells increased to 3.03, 3.06 and 3.61, respectively, compared to 2.58 of the control, which increased cell membrane fluidity and instability. Therefore, phenolic ketones can reduce the yeast growth, increase the UFA/SFA ratio of yeast and lower ethanol productivity. Effectively reduce or remove the content of lignin degradation products is the key to improve lignocellulose biorefinery.

Acetophenones , Chemistry , Ethanol , Chemistry , Fermentation , Industrial Microbiology , Ketones , Chemistry , Lignin , Chemistry , Lipids , Chemistry , Phenols , Chemistry , Pichia , Chemistry , Xylose , Chemistry
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 370-373, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493380


Objective To investigate the characteristics of hepatitis virus B ( HBV) reactivation af-ter combined percutaneous microwave ablation ( PMWA ) and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization ( TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ( HCC) and to study the therapeutic role of preoperative antiviral therapy .Methods The data on 180 HCC patients who were treated with the combined therapy were analyzed .The antivirus group ( n=90 ) received antiviral therapy , while the control group ( n=90 ) did not.HBV-DNA was used to study the reactivation status of HBV after the combined therapy and the role of antiviral therapy .Results The incidence of HBV reactivation was significantly lower in the antivirus group (8.2%, 7/90) than the control group (20.0%, 18/90, P<0.05).A preoperative HBV-DNA level above 104 copies/ml was the only independent risk factor of HBV reactivation (P<0.05).Conclusions The HBV reactivation rate was relatively high in patients with HBV-related HCC after combined PMWA and TACE.Preoperative antiviral therapy significantly reduced HBV reactivation and thus it should be adminis -trated especially to HCC patients with a preoperative HBV-DNA level above 104 copies/ml.

Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 883-886, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473911


Objective To investigate the safety and clinical effect of endovascular radiofrequency ablation (RFA) catheter, the HabibTM VesOpen, in treating portal vein tumor thrombus. Methods Fifteen patients of hepatocellular carcinoma associated with portal vein thrombus causing obstruction of blood flow were enrolled in this study. Guided by ultrasound percutaneous portal catheter implantation was performed, then, under DSA guidance RFA catheter was placed at portal vein tumor thrombus. RF generator (RITA) was connected to the electrodes, the power was set at 10 W for 2 - 10 minutes. The technical success rate, the postoperative complications, the hepatic and renal functions as well as routine blood tests, portal vein blood flow and the ablation extent of portal vein tumor thrombus were evaluated, and the results were analyzed. Results The procedure was successfully accomplished in all patients. No technique-related complications, such as hemorrhage, vessel perforation, bile leak complicated by infection, liver abscess, abdominal bleeding occurred. Direct portography performed immediately after RFA showed that the portal vein was re-opened. Laboratory examinations performed 4 weeks after RFA showed that no obvious changes in hepatic functions and routine blood tests were observed. Doppler ultrasound examinations revealed that flowing blood was obviously displayed within previously obstructed portal vein. CT scanning was carried out in some patients with portal vein thrombus, and it indicated that the portal vein tumor thrombus was reduced in size or even disappeared. Conclusion For the treatment of portal vein tumor thrombus in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, endovascular radiofrequency ablation is technically feasible, and the initial results indicate that this technique is an effective treatment.