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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 5133-5138, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690792

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on inflammatory reaction of acute myocardial ischemia (MI) in mice, and to explore its action mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty adult male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into a control group, a sham operation group, a model group and an EA group, 10 mice in each one. The model was established in the model group and EA group by ligating the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery. The mice in the EA group were treated with EA at "Neiguan" (PC 6) with 2 mA of intensity and 2 Hz /100 Hz of frequency; EA was given 30 min per treatment, once a day for totally 5 days. The mice in the control group and model group were treated with immobilization and no EA was given. The mice in the sham operation group were not treated with ligating at the left anterior descending branch of coronary artery, but the remaining procedure was identical to the model group. The electrocardiogram was recorded and △ST was calculated to evaluate the model. TTC and HE staining methods were applied to evaluate the infarct size and pathologic change of myocardial tissue, respectively. Western blot method was applied to test the protein expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), nuclear factor-κB p65 (NF-κB p65), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-8 (IL-8).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the sham operation group, the S-T segments in the model group and EA group were increased obviously after modeling (both <0.01), indicating the MI model was established successfully. The TTC and HE staining results indicated, compared with the sham operation group, the model group had larger infarction size (<0.01), more myocardial fibers injury and inflammatory infiltration; compared with the model group, the infarction size of the EA group was significantly reduced (<0.01), and the myocardial fibers injury and inflammatory infiltration were improved. Compared with the control group, the protein expression levels in the sham operation group were similar (all >0.05); compared with the sham operation group, the expression levels of TNF-α, NF-κB p65, IL-1β and IL-8 were significantly increased in the model group (<0.01, <0.05); compared with the model group, the expression levels of TNF-α, NF-κB p65, IL-1β and IL-8 were significantly reduced in the EA group (all <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA might reduce the protein expression levels of TNF-α, NF-κB p65, IL-1β and IL-8 in cardiac muscle tissue to inhibit inflammatory reaction and achieve myocardial protective effect in mice with acute myocardial ischemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Inflammation , Therapeutics , Interleukin-1beta , Metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardial Ischemia , Therapeutics , Myocardium , Pathology , Random Allocation , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
2.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 170-174, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487060

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) and percutaneous transluminal septal tunnel myocardial ablation (PTSTMA) on cardiac function in experimental canines. Methods: According to CAG determined coronary septal branches, a total of 25 hybrized canines were divided into 2 groups:PTSMA group, n=13 canines with the bigger septal branches and PTSTMA group, n=12 canines with the smaller or uneven septal branches. Alcohol ablation model was established. Electrocardiograph (ECG) at before and after the operation, biomarkers for myocardial injury, echocardiography and hemodynamic changes were recorded. The animals were scariifes at 1 week after operation, the pathological changes in ventricular septal were observed by HE and Masson staining. Results: Myocardial infarction (MI) could be induced by either PTSMA or PTSTMA and the thickness of septal was decreased. LVEDd, LVEF and hemodynamic indexes were similar between 2 groups. The alcohol volume used in operation, EKG and echocardiography ifndings were similar between 2 groups, P>0.05. Pathological staining indicated that there was a well-demarcate between the ablation focal and normal myocardium, merging area had neutrophiles invasion, infarcted cells were partially having the ghost cell sample and they were gradually replaced by ifbrous tissue. There was nest-like necrosis in ablated lumen and the normal vessel wall disappeared. PTSMA group had vessel lumen conifguration in septal branch and the necrosis limited inside the lumen;while in PTSTMA group, the vessel wall of was discontinued and some necrosis materials move out to from lumen. Conclusion: Both PTSMA and PTSTMA were effective for alcohol septal ablation in different coronary septal branches, the impacts on cardiac function and hemodynamic changes were similar in experimental canines.

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