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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1430-1438, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#This study aimed to develop a comprehensive instrument for evaluating and ranking clinical practice guidelines, named Scientific, Transparent and Applicable Rankings tool (STAR), and test its reliability, validity, and usability.@*METHODS@#This study set up a multidisciplinary working group including guideline methodologists, statisticians, journal editors, clinicians, and other experts. Scoping review, Delphi methods, and hierarchical analysis were used to develop the STAR tool. We evaluated the instrument's intrinsic and interrater reliability, content and criterion validity, and usability.@*RESULTS@#STAR contained 39 items grouped into 11 domains. The mean intrinsic reliability of the domains, indicated by Cronbach's α coefficient, was 0.588 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.414, 0.762). Interrater reliability as assessed with Cohen's kappa coefficient was 0.774 (95% CI: 0.740, 0.807) for methodological evaluators and 0.618 (95% CI: 0.587, 0.648) for clinical evaluators. The overall content validity index was 0.905. Pearson's r correlation for criterion validity was 0.885 (95% CI: 0.804, 0.932). The mean usability score of the items was 4.6 and the median time spent to evaluate each guideline was 20 min.@*CONCLUSION@#The instrument performed well in terms of reliability, validity, and efficiency, and can be used for comprehensively evaluating and ranking guidelines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Practice Guidelines as Topic
2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 87-94, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between nutritional status and frailty and sarcopenia in geriatric inpatients (GIPs) planning to receive major hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery.Methods:From December, 2020 to September, 2022, GIPs who were planning to receive major HPB surgery were recruited. Nutritional assessment was performed using nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS-2002) and Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria. Frailty and sarcopenia assessment were performed using Fried frailty phenotype (FFP) and Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS) 2019 consensus on sarcopenia diagnosis and treatment. The prevalence and concurrence of malnutrition, frailty and sarcopenia were investigated, and the correlation between nutritional status and frailty and sarcopenia was analyzed.Results:A total of 144 participants at the mean age of (70.10±7.44) years were included. The prevalence of nutritional risk, malnutrition, and severe malnutrition were 73.6% ( n ?=?106), 68.1% ( n ?=?98), and 34.7% ( n ?=?50) respectively. The prevalence of frailty was 20.8% ( n ?=?30) and that of sarcopenia was 35.4% ( n ?=?51). The prevalence of severe malnutrition increased significantly in older participants and the prevalence of nutritional risk, malnutrition and severe malnutrition decreased significantly with higher BMI. The prevalence was 35.4% (51/144) for concurrent sarcopenia and malnutrition, 19.4% (28/144) for frailty and malnutrition, 14.6% (21/144) for sarcopenia and weakness, and 14.6% (21/144) for sarcopenia, malnutrition, and weakness. There was a positive correlation between nutritional risk and frailty ( r = 0.603, P < 0.001). The risk of pre-frailty and frailty in the nutritional risk group was higher than that in the non-nutritional risk group ( χ 2 = 31.830, P < 0.001). The risk of pre-frailty and frailty in the malnutrition group was higher than that in the normal nutrition group ( χ 2 = 36.727, P < 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of frailty in patients with severe malnutrition was 12.303 times higher than that in patients with normal nutrition status (95% CI: 2.592 to 58.409, P = 0.002). The risk of sarcopenia in the nutritional risk group was higher than that in the non-nutritional risk group ( χ 2 = 13.982, P < 0.001). The risk of sarcopenia in the malnutrition group was higher than that in the normal nutrition group ( χ 2 = 37.066, P < 0.001). Conclusions:The prevalence and concurrence rate of malnutrition, frailty, and sarcopenia are high in GIPs undergoing major HPB surgery. GIPs with malnutrition are susceptible to frailty.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 58-62, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991909

ABSTRACT

Sarcopenia is an age-related syndrome with progressive, generalized loss of muscle mass, strength, and physiological function. Low muscle mass is an important diagnostic criterion for sarcopenia. Ultrasound is safe, convenient and cost-effective, with extensive availability. It's a promising diagnostic tool for muscle mass assessment and sarcopenia screening in the elderly population. This review focuses on the specific methods and latest research progress on ultrasound assessment of sarcopenia.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 54-57, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991908

ABSTRACT

Most hospitalized patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are in severe or critical condition, and malnutrition is a key factor contributing to adverse outcomes. The basic principles of medical nutrition therapy have been determined in the recently released tenth edition of the National Diagnosis and Treatment Protocol. The principles have promoted nutritional risk assessment, emphasized the preferred method of enteral nutrition, and recommended the daily intake of calories at 25 to 30 kcal/kg and protein at > 1.2g/kg. Parenteral nutrition should be also added when necessary. Based on the above principles, Beijing Hospital has refined the medical nutrition therapy measures to facilitate the implementation in clinical practice, in order to improve healthcare quality and decrease the mortality in COVID-19 patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1227-1236, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908498

ABSTRACT

Nutritional support therapy can improve to the postoperative nutritional status and quality of life of patients with digestive tract malignancies. Clinical guidelines at home and abroad recommend early preoperative nutritional support therapy based on oral nutrition supple-mentation for patients undergoing surgery for digestive tract malignancies to reduce the risk of malnutrition. Enteral nutrition powder is the main perioperative nutritional support method for patients with basically normal gastrointestinal function. At present, many Meta-analyses also point out that early postoperative nutrition can effectively enhance the body′s immunity, reduce post-operative complications and shorten the length of hospital stay. However, the analysis of short-term outcome indicators is not comprehensive, and there is no summary analysis result on Chinese patients. The authors review the relevant literatures and conduct a Meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of enteral nutrition powder on the short-term postoperative outcomes of Chinese patients with digestive tract malignancies.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1153-1157, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908486

ABSTRACT

Precision medicine emphasizes formulating reasonable diagnosis, treatment and prevention strategies according to patients′ different genotypes, metabolic characteristics, lifestyle and environment. It is the frontier and development direction of modern medicine. As an important branch of precision medicine, precision nutrition has attracted extensive attention. On the one hand, metabolomics and nutriomics researches based on gene level have become hot spots in this field, but it will take some time to apply it to clinical practice; On the other hand, based on the concept of "precision", the practice of individualized nutrition diagnosis and treatment centered on phenotypic characteristics is gradually carried out in various clinical medical fields, reflecting good application value. With the research progress, precision nutrition will be better combined with clinical nutrition to benefit patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 364-369, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the nutritional status of elderly inpatients in China, and to assess its relationship with clinical outcomes.Methods:A prospective, multicenter, parallel investigation was organized and conducted by the Chinese Medical Association's Group of Geriatric Nutrition Support.Patients aged ≥65 years from 30 major hospitals of 14 cities in China were evaluated by the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002(NRS2002)and the Mini-Nutritional Assessment-Short Form(MNA-SF), in order to understand the nutritional status and nutritional risk of elderly inpatients in China.The indicators of clinical outcomes were summarized, and the correlation between nutritional status and clinical outcomes was analyzed.Results:A total of 10 184 elderly patients who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in this study, aged 65-112(74.81±7.01)years, with a body mass index(BMI)of 17.80-35.50(23.32±3.83)kg/m 2.Grip strength of the dominant hand was(16.95±18.42)kg, upper arm circumference was(25.68±3.70)cm, and calf circumference was(32.07±3.89)cm.BMI, grip strength, upper arm circumference and calf circumference decreased significantly with age( F=13.74, 97.47, 28.31 and 88.68, all P<0.001). NRS2002 was conducted on 10 182 patients.Of them, 10.14%(895/10 182)suffered malnutrition(BMI≤18.5 kg/m 2), and 46.42%(4 726/10 182)were at nutritional risk(NRS2002 score≥3). Nutrition deficiency and nutritional risk showed upward trends with age( F=43.41 and 177.05, both P<0.001). A total of 9 755 patients(95.79%, 9 755/10 182)completed the MNA-SF.Of them, 14.67%(1 431/9 755)had malnutrition, 35.04%(3 418/9 755)were at risk of malnutrition, and 50.29%(4 906/9 755)had normal nutritional status.The incidence of malnutrition and the risk of malnutrition significantly increased with age( F=172.79, 12.10 and 152.42, all P<0.05). Nutritional risk(NRS2002 score≥3)was related to age, BMI, mortality, infectious complications, length of hospital stay and total hospital cost(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of malnutrition and the risk of malnutrition are high in elderly inpatients in China.Nutritional risk is an influencing factor for adverse clinical outcomes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 752-755, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910911

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the perioperative safety of pancreaticoduodenectomy(PD)in elderly patients.Methods:Clinical data of 152 patients undergoing PD in Beijing Hospital between 2016 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.According to the age, patients were divided into the elderly group(age≥65 years)and the non-elderly group(age<65 years). The perioperative and postoperative parameters were compared between the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the operative time, intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative urine output between the elderly group and the non-elderly group(352.7±69.5)min vs.(359.0±94.4)min, (708.7±672.7) vs.(662.6±896.7)ml and(875.8±497.3)ml vs.(1010.6±568.2)ml, all P>0.05). The perioperative mortality, postoperative complications(Clavien-Dindo classification ≥ grade Ⅲ)and reoperation rate had no significant difference between elderly group and the non-elderly group(6.1% vs.1.2%, 21.2% vs.19.8%, 10.6% vs.8.1%, respectively, χ2=1.487, 0.048 and 0.272, all P>0.05). The incidences of operation-related complications, cardiovascular or cerebrovascular adverse events in elderly group were comparable to non-elderly group( P>0.05). The postoperative hospital stay had no significant difference between the elderly group and the non-elderly group[(28±19)d vs.(27±18)d, P>0.05]. Conclusions:PD is safe in elderly patients.Age is not a contraindication to pancreaticoduodenectomy.The comprehensive systemic evaluation, intraoperative delicate operation and enhanced perioperative management are necessary in the elderly patients undergoing PD.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 321-325, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dynamic change of nutritional risk in hepatological surgical patients during hospitalization.Methods:Anthropometric measurement and laboratory examination were conducted within 24 hours both after admission and before discharge. NRS 2002 was used to assess patients' nutritional status. The correlation between nutritional status and clinical outcomes was also analyzed.Results:A total of 600 patients were included in the study, among whom 401 were with benign diseases and 199 with malignant tumors. Compared with those values at admission, patients' weight, BMI, grip strength, calf circumference and main serum protein indicators decreased significantly at discharge ( P<0.05). The incidence of nutritional risk at discharge was 57.3%, higher than that at admission ( χ 2=6.512, P=0.011). The incidence of nutritional risk showed a significant increase during hospitalization in hepatological surgery patients ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Hepatological surgery patients were at high nutritional risk, which increased during hospitalization. The whole-course nutrition management of surgical patients should be given more attention.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1062-1069, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865156

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the current practice in perioperative nutritional managament of patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy from 64 level A tertiary hospitals in China, and investigate nutritional managament strategies.Methods:The cross-sectional survey was conducted. From March 31 st to April 13 th, electronic questionnaires of perioperative nutritional management of patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy were sent to the members of Youth Club of Chinese Pancreatic Surgery Association and some pancreatic surgeons from other level A tertiary hospitals in China. The questionnaires were issued by online Wechat platform. Observation indicators: (1) general data; (2) preoperative nutritional management; (3) intraoperative nutritional management; (4) postoperative nutritional management; (5) comparison of nutritional management among medical centers with different surgical amount. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Results:(1) General data: a total of 96 questionnaires from 64 level A tertiary hospitals in 35 cities of 22 provinces were retrieved. There were 94 males and 2 females, aged (42±7) years, with a range from 29 to 59 years. (2) Preoperative nutritional management. ① Preoperative nutritional evaluation and screening: 62.5%(60/96) of surgeons evaluated preoperative nutritional status for patients. For preoperative screening, 41.7%(40/96) of surgeons performed nutritional screening in every patient, and 54.2%(52/96) performed nutritional screening when considering nutritional support. For screening tools, Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 was used in 66.7%(64/96) of surgeons. For selection of non-tool evaluation parameters, 97.9%(94/96) chose two or more indicators for comprehensive evaluation, 92.7%(89/96) chose Albumin as the evaluation parameter. ② Preoperative nutritional support: there were 13.5%(13/96) of surgeons conducting nutritional support regularly. For preoperative nutritional support methods, nutritional support based on diet was conducted by 94.8%(91/96) of surgeons. For timing of perioperative nutritional support, 43.8%(42/96) of surgeons determined the time according to the surgical time. Based on the theory of enhanced recovery after surgery, 24.0%(23/96)of surgeons routinely gave liquid diet or carbohydrate load at the preoperative 2 hours. (3) Intraoperative nutritional management. ① Intraoperative jejunostomy management: 8.3%(8/96) of surgeons performed routine jejunostomy. ② Intraoperative nutrition line management: the nasojejunal tube was placed intraoperatively by 30.2%(29/96), and the nasogastric tube was placed intraoperatively by 78.1%(75/96). Of the above surgeons, 38.7%(29/75) determined the time to nasogastric tube removal based on gastric volume, and 32.0%(24/75) removed the nasogastric tube after flatus in patients. (4) Postoperative nutritional management. ① Postoperative nutritional support methods: 84.4%(81/96) of surgeons gave nutritional support, in which 56.8%(46/81) mainly gave the parenteral nutrition and transition to diet. Total parenteral nutrition at the postoperative first day or complementary parenteral nutrition was the first choice in 78.1%(75/96) of surgeons, oral feeding at postoperative 7 days was the first choice in 86.5%(83/96) of surgeons. ② Postoperative nutritional management for complications: 63.5%(61/96) of surgeons chose enteral nutritional support through percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy, nasogastric tube or nasojejunal tube for grade B or C pancreatic fistula, 72.9%(70/96) chose enteral nutritional support through percutaneous endoscopic gastrojejunostomy or nasojejunal tube for delayed gastric emptying. (5) Comparison of nutritional management among medical centers with different surgical amount: of the 96 surgeons, surgeons in medical centers with surgical amount >100 cases a year had the nasogastric tube placement rate of 66.7%(32/48), and surgeons in medical centers with surgical amount ≤100 cases a year had the nasogastric tube placement rate of 89.6%(43/48), showing a significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=7.375, P<0.05). Conclusions:There is no uniform standards for indications, routes, or timing of perioperative nutritional management of patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy among surgeons from level A tertiary hospitals in China. In patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy, the theories and practice of perioperative nutritional management and enhanced recovery after surgery are diverse, which urgently require prospective study with nutritional management strategy as intervention and expert consensus on perioperative nutritional managament in pancreatic surgery accorded with clinical practice in China.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1038-1043, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865152

ABSTRACT

Surgical diseases and traumatic stress can cause body catabolism, which result in inflammation, protein decomposition and nitrogen loss. In surgical patients, sarcopenia, cachexia and muscle fat infiltration, which are related to nutrition deficiencies, lead to adverse clinical outcomes. The first step of nutrition support is nutrition risk screening and assessment. The nutrition risk screening tools recommended by relevant guidelines of European Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (ESPEN) include Nutrition Risk Screening 2002, short-form Mini Nutritional Assessment, Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, etc. Evaluation tools include Subjective Global Assessment and Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition. Due to the close relationship with clinical outcomes, the change of lean body mass has received increasing attention in nutritional assessment. If the patient has malnutrition before surgery, it is recommended to perform 10-14 days of preoperative nutrition support. Enteral nutrition is the first choice, especially oral enteral nutrition. Enteral nutrition is also preferred for postoperative nutrition support, however, supplementary parenteral nutrition or total parenteral nutrition should be performed if enteral nutrition is non-compliant or infeasible. There are still controversies on the application of pharmacological nutrients in the perioperative period, which are recommended for parenteral nutrition in critically ill patients after major surgery by relevant guidelines and consensus. Combined with the update of ESPEN surgical nutritional guidelines and perioperative nutrition support recommendations, the authors elaborate on perioperative nutritional management strategies.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1298-1303, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824557

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of malnutrition in elderly cancer inpatients based on global leadership initiative on malnutrition(GLIM)diagnostic criteria.Methods Clinical data of 1 472 inpatients with cancer aged 65 years and over from a multicenter study in 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.Nutritional assessment was performed based on GLIM diagnostic criteria and the prevalence of malnutrition in a different stratifieddiagnosis was recorded.Results Of 1472 consecutive patients,924 cases(62.8%)were diagnosed as nutritional risk.The malnutrition rate was 51.8 % (762 cases)based on GLIM diagnostic criteria,with 29.6 % (436 cases)of moderate malnutrition and 22.3% (326 cases)of severe malnutrition.The prevalences of nutritional risk,total malnutrition and severe malnutrition were increased along with aging (P=0.000).There were 906 cases not receiving surgery treatment.Among the 906 cases,the prevalence of nutritional risk and malnutrition were 61.9% (561/906 cases)and 53.3 % (483/906 cases),the moderate malnutrition rate was 53.3 % (483/906 cases)and the severe malnutrition rate was 22.1% (200/906 cases)respectively.There were 566 cases undergoing surgery treatment.And among 566 cases,the prevalence of nutritional risk and malnutrition were 64.1% (236 cases) and 49.5% (280 cases),the moderate malnutrition rate was 26.9%(152 cases)and the severe malnutrition rate was 22.6% (128 cases).The prevalence of nutritional risk was high in patients with gastrointestinal cancer who underwent surgery,and the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with gastrointestinal cancer or lung cancer was higher in the nonsurgical group than in the surgical group.Conclusions The prevalence of malnutrition is high in elderly cancer inpatients,which is increased along with aging.GLIM diagnostic criteria has clinical operability,and its availability needs more studies in the future.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1298-1303, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801269

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prevalence of malnutrition in elderly cancer inpatients based on global leadership initiative on malnutrition(GLIM)diagnostic criteria.@*Methods@#Clinical data of 1 472 inpatients with cancer aged 65 years and over from a multicenter study in 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.Nutritional assessment was performed based on GLIM diagnostic criteria and the prevalence of malnutrition in a different stratifieddiagnosis was recorded.@*Results@#Of 1472 consecutive patients, 924 cases(62.8%)were diagnosed as nutritional risk.The malnutrition rate was 51.8%(762 cases)based on GLIM diagnostic criteria, with 29.6%(436 cases)of moderate malnutrition and 22.3%(326 cases)of severe malnutrition.The prevalences of nutritional risk, total malnutrition and severe malnutrition were increased along with aging(P=0.000). There were 906 cases not receiving surgery treatment.Among the 906 cases, the prevalence of nutritional risk and malnutrition were 61.9%(561/906 cases)and 53.3%(483 /906 cases), the moderate malnutrition rate was 53.3%(483/906 cases)and the severe malnutrition rate was 22.1%(200/906 cases)respectively.There were 566 cases undergoing surgery treatment.And among 566 cases, the prevalence of nutritional risk and malnutrition were 64.1%(236 cases)and 49.5%(280 cases), the moderate malnutrition rate was 26.9%(152 cases)and the severe malnutrition rate was 22.6%(128 cases). The prevalence of nutritional risk was high in patients with gastrointestinal cancer who underwent surgery, and the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with gastrointestinal cancer or lung cancer was higher in the non-surgical group than in the surgical group.@*Conclusions@#The prevalence of malnutrition is high in elderly cancer inpatients, which is increased along with aging.GLIM diagnostic criteria has clinical operability, and its availability needs more studies in the future.

14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 572-577, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810804

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effect of standardized lymphectomy and sampling of resected lymph nodes (LN) on TNM staging of resectable pancreatic head cancer.@*Methods@#Consecutive patients with resectable pancreatic head cancer who received standard pancreatoduodenctomy at Department of General Surgery in Beijing Hospital from December 2017 to November 2018 were recruited as study group. After operation, the surgeon sampled lymph nodes from the fresh specimen following the Japanese Gastric Cancer Guidelines.Thirty-three cases were recruited in the study group and the mean age was (59.8±15.2) years.Pathologic reports from December 2015 to November 2016 were taken as control group, containing 29 cases with age of (57.0±13.0) years. Number of lymph nodes, standard-reaching ratio and positive nodes ratio were compared between two groups. According to the seventh edition and eighth edition of TNM staging, the changes of N staging and TNM staging were analysed. The quantitative data conforming to normal distribution were tested by independent sample t test, the quantitative data not conforming to normal distribution were tested by rank sum test, and the enumeration data were analysed by χ2 test.@*Results@#The basal data of the two groups were comparable (all P>0.05) . The number of lymph nodes sampled in the study group was 23.27±8.87, significantly more than in control group (12.86±5.90, t=0.653, P=0.000) .Ratio of cases with more than 15 nodes was 81.8% (27/33) in the study group and 34.5% (10/29) in the control group with statistical significance (χ2=14.373, P=0.000) . In the study group, the positive lymph node ratios of No. 17a+17b, 14a+14b, 8a+8p LN were 36.4% (12/33) , 30.3% (10/33) and 9.1% (3/33) respectively. The positive lymph node ratio in No.14a+14b LN was higher than in No.8 LN (χ2=4.694, P=0.030) . According to the change in N staging system in the AJCC eighth edition, 2 cases (6.1%, 2/33) changed from ⅠB to ⅡA, 7 cases (21.2%, 7/33) from ⅡA to ⅠB and 5 cases (15.2%, 5/33) changed from ⅡB to Ⅲ (25.0%, 5/20) .@*Conclusions@#No.14 LN should be treated as the first station rather than second station because of the anatomic character and higher metastatic ratio. Standardised lymphectomy and sampling may increase the number of LN resected and improve the TNM staging of resectable pancreatic head cancer.

15.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 583-585, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755864

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of retroperitoneal cysts.Methods Data of 7 patients with retroperitoneal cysts undergoing laparoscopy surgery in Beijing Hospital were analyzed.Result All the seven patients received laparoscopy surgery without the residual of cyst wall,and recovered successfully.The blood loss was from 50 ml to 400 ml.The average operation time was (151 ± 113) min.The average post-op hospital stay was(5.9 ± 5.4) d.There was no major post-op complication,nor recurrence.Conclusion Laparoscopy for retroperitoneal cyst is safe and effective Comparing to laparotomy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 26-29, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745327

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the correlation between microvascular invasion(MVI) and prognosis in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC),and to analyse the influencing factors of MVI in patients with HCC.Methods Total of 81 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated in Beijing Hospital from January 2014 to December 2016 were retrospectively studied.There were 65 males and 16 females.The mean age was 59.6± 12.7 years,and the age ranged from 21 to 87 years old.Pathological examination showed presence of MVI in 35 patients.Results Total of seventy-six patients with hepatocellular carcinoma were followed-up.The 1-,2-,3-and 4-year overall survival rates in the 35 patients with microvascular invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma were 78.6%,55.4%,38.3%,and 32.2%,respectively.The 1-,2-,3-,and 4-year overall survival rates of the 41 patients without microvascular invasion were 93.4%,76.5%,68.2% and 68.2%,respectively.The difference was significant (P<0.05).Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that microvascular invasion was an independent risk factor of overall survival after surgery (HR=3.071,95% CI:1.239~7.610,P<0.05).Sub-group analysis was done on patients with microvascular invasion based on pathological results which included the number of MVI lesions,the call number in the MVI lesion,the distance of the MVI to the primary liver cancer,and the gradings of MVI.There were no significant differences in the overall survival outcomes (P>0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed the maximum diameter of tumor > 5 cm (OR =6.340,95% CI:2.000 ~ 20.096),preoperative total bilirubin (TBil) > 17 μmol/L (OR =5.067,95%CI:1.386 ~ 18.525),and preoperative alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) >400 μg/L (OR =6.042,95% CI:1.435 ~ 25.444) were independent risk factors of microvascular invasion (P< 0.05).Conclusion Hepatocellular carcinoma patients with microvascular invasion had poor prognosis.Preoperative AFP,preoperative TBil,and diameter of tumor were independent risk factors of microvascular invasion in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 65-69, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753869

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of the nutritional status of elderly patients in Chinese major hospitals dynamically with nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and subjective global assessment (SGA) during hospitalization.Methods A prospective,multi-center survey was conducted on over 65 years old patients who were admitted in departments of gastroenterology,respiratory medicine,general surgery,geriatrics,thoracic surgery,neurology,orthopedics and medical oncology of 9 large hospitals in China for 7-30 days between June 2014 and September 2014.On admission and within 24 hours after discharge,the clinical data were recorded,physical indices were measured,and laboratory examination were conducted.NRS 2002 and SGA were used to make an evaluation.The nutritional supports and clinical outcomes were also recorded and then the correlation between nutritional status and clinical outcomes were analyzed.Results A total of 2558 patients above 65 years old were included into the study.Compared with their status on admission,their grip strength,upper arm circumference and crural circumference were reduced significantly at discharge (P<0.05).The total protein,albumin and hemoglobin levels were significantly lower than those on admission (P<0.05).The incidence of nutritional risk (NRS 2002 score ≥ 3) and malnutrition (SGA B + C) on admission were lower than those at discharge (51.1% vs 53.0%,32.6% vs 35.6%).The hospitalization time and medical expenses were higher in patients with malnutrition on admission than in those with normal nutrition intakes.The nutritional status at discharge was negatively correlated with hospitalization time and medical expenses.61.3% patients having nutritional risk did not take nutritional support during the hospital stay,while utilization rate of parenteral nutrition was higher than that of enteral nutrition in patients receiving nutritional support (19.6% vs 11.9%).Conclusion Elderly patients have higher possibilities of facing nutritional risk or malnutrition on admission,these are associated with poor clinical outcomes and their nutritional status will not improve significantly at discharge.Therefore,the screening and evaluation of nutritional status in elderly patients during hospitalization should be conducted and their nutritional intervention should be standardized so as to improve the clinical outcomes.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 156-161, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702647

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of nutritional status of chronic cardiovascular patients during hospitalization by using nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002) and subjective global assessment (SGA).Methods A prospective,parallel multicenter study was can-ied out in 3 tertiary A hospitals in Beijing from June 2014 to September 2014.Subjects in the study had been hospitalized for 7-30 days for various types of chronic cardiovascular diseases.Physical indexes and laboratory examination results were recorded within 24 hours after admission and 24 hours before discharge.The nutritional status was evaluated using NRS 2002 and SGA.Results 454 inpatients were enrolled in this study.Prevalence of undernutrition,defined as body mass index< 18.5 kg/m2 with poor general condition,was 7.0% on admission.Prevalence of nutritional risk (NRS 2002 score≥3) was 27.9%.Patients with heart valve disease (34.6%) and arrhythmia (47.5%) had higher prevalence of nutritional risk,which decreased on discharge.At admission,the prevalence of SGA-based moderate and severe undernutrition (grade B+C) was 16.7%.In particular,this prevalence was higher in patients with heart valve disease (30.7%) and arrhythmia (22.5%).At discharge,the proportion of patients (except patients with coronary heart disease) with moderate and severe dystrophy,especially severe dystrophy,decreased significantly.Conclusions Patients with chronic cardiovascular disease were likely to have comorbid nutritional risk at the time of admission,including undernutrition,as defined by body mass index< 18.5 kg/m2 plus poor general condition,and SGA-based moderate or severe malnutrition,which was partially improved on discharge.Attention should be paid to nutritional status screening and evaluation on admission.Reasonable nutrition intervention should be done to correct malnutrition and improve clinical outcomes.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 149-155, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702646

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of nutritional risk,undernutrition and nutritional support among elderly inpatients with coronary heart disease in 11 tertiary A hospitals in China.Methods Records of elderly patients under the age of 90 with coronary heart disease were collected between March 2012 and May 2012 from 11 tertiary A hospitals in China following the direction of diagnosis related group of Beijing government.Results A total of 1 279 consecutive cases were recruited with the average age 74 years old (65-89).The total nutritional risk prevalence was 28.14% (360/1 279).The prevalence of nutritional risk and nutritional risk score ≥ 5 increased with age.The prevalence of nutritional risk (12.88% vs.30.08% vs.42.28%) and nutritional risk scored ≥5 (10.86% vs.18.61% vs.27.78%)increased with age.Judging from BMI,most patients were overweight or obese (BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2),accounting for 53.0% of the total,and prevalence of nutritional risk in this subgroup was 15.12% (96/635).The prevalence of nutritional risk in patients with normal BMI was 34.24%.The prevalence of undernutrition defined as BMI< 18.5 kg/m2 was 4.25% (51/1 279),among which patients with score ≥ 5 account for 64.7% (33/51).The prevalence of undernutrition defined as nutritional impairment score =3 was 7.58% (97/1 279).In patients with nutritional risk,57 were administrated nutrition support (16.6%);in patients without nutritional risk,21 received nutrition support,mostly parenteral nutrition (16 cases,76.2%).In patients with nutritional risk [(79.46± 7.19) years vs.(76.40± 6.16) years],there were statistically significant difference between those who received nutrition support and those who did not in terms of age and the ratio of patients with nutritional risk scored≥5 (35.1% vs.17.1%) (P =0.001,P=0.002).Conclusions The prevalence of nutritional risk in patients with coronary heart disease was high.The prevalence of undernutrition was low.Prevalence of overweight and obese was high,but there was still nutritional risk in this group of patients.The patients who received nutrition support were older and had high nutritional impairment score,but the indication is not rationale.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1102-1106, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709425

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of mini-nutritional assessment short-form(MNA-SF) in screening and evaluating nutritional status in elderly hospitalized patients with malignant tumor.Methods 1472 elderly hospitalized patients(≥65 years old)with malignant tumor were enrolled and prospectively studied for evaluating the nutritional status by nutritional risk screening 2002 (NRS 2002)assessment.Indicators of clinical outcomes were summarized.The consistencies of MNA-SF with body mass index(BMI),grip and results of NRS 2002 assessment,and the relationship between the different nutritional status and clinical outcomes were analyzed.Results The patients meeting the inclusion/exclusion criteria were aged(72.1±5.9)years,with BMI of(22.3 ±3.7)kg/m2 and grip of(21.7± 19.0)kg.Among 16.7% of the malnourished patients with malignant tumors,pancreatic cancer (30.9 %),bile duct cancer (24.1%) and esophageal cancer (21.2 %) occupied the top three incidence of malnutrition,with the lowest (5.4%)incidence in breast cancer.Among 59.2% of patients being malnourished (16.7%)or at risk(42.5%)of malnutrition,the highest incidence was in bile duct cancer(82.8%),and lowest one was in breast cancer(28.6 %).MNA-SF-discriminated malnutrition(0~ 7 points)showed a great agreement with malnutrition evaluation by BMI(<18.5),but had a poor agreement with grip in screening malnutrition.MNA-SF-discriminated nutrition problem(malnourishment plus at risk of malnutrition)showed a great agreement with NRS 2002-discovered nutrition problem (score≥3).Under-nourished patients had a higher infection complication(9.29% vs.5.14%,P =0.006)and longer hospital stays(15.4 d vs.12.8 d,P<0.01)as compared with patients with normal nutrition status.Conclusions The prevalence and risk factors for malnutrition are higher in elderly patients with malignant tumor.Poor nutritional status is correlated with poor clinical outcomes.MNA-SF can be used as a tool for evaluating the nutritional status of elderly patients with malignant tumor.

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