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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of NOV/CCN3 in regulating the proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and its regulatory mechanism and assess the value of CCN3 as a proliferative factor in bone tissue engineering.@*METHODS@#Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were used as the MSC model, in which CCN3 expression was up-regulated and downregulated by transfection with the recombinant adenovirus vectors Ad-CCN3 and Ad-siCCN3, respectively. Flow cytometry was used to analyze the changes in cell cycle and apoptosis of the transfected cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expression levels of the proliferation indicators (PCNA, cyclin E, and cyclin B1) and the apoptosis indicators (Bax and Bcl-2) to assess the effect of modulation of CCN3 expression on MEF proliferation and apoptosis. CCN3 protein secretion by the cells was detected using ELISA. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were employed to analyze the changes in the expressions of Notch1, ligand DLL1, the downstream key proteins or genes (Hey1, P300, H3K9) and MAPK pathway-related proteins ERK1+2 and p-ERK1+2.@*RESULTS@#Flow cytometry showed that compared with the control cells, MEFs transfected with Ad-CCN3 exhibited significantly increased cell proliferation index (@*CONCLUSIONS@#CCN3 over-expression promotes the proliferation and inhibits apoptosis of MEFs possibly by inhibiting the classical Notch signaling pathway and activating the MAPK pathway


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Fibroblasts , Mice , Nephroblastoma Overexpressed Protein
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1444-1448, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904569

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#The outbreak of tuberculosis in campus shows a profound impact on academic learning and mental health of students, which might result in more serious social problems. The present editorial addresses weak links in the school tuberculosis prevention and control. Disease prevention and control institutions, medical institutions, education administrative departments and schools need to clarify work responsibilities, strictly implement the school tuberculosis prevention and control laws, regulations and management guidelines, and coordinate with multiple departments, with the aim to strengthen early warning capacity for campus tuberculosis, improve tuberculosis screening and risk assessment of relevant personnel, and implement the health checkup of schools and faculty, as well as the screening, diagnosis, registration, treatment and follow up of students cases. To further improve tuberculosis control across China, strengthening the awareness of tuberculosis prevention and control among institutions and the public, and improving adherence to tuberculosis treatment, as well as moving forward from passive to active tuberculosis monitoring and early prevention, reducing the occurrence of tuberculosis outbreak in school should be prioritized, so as to promote the smooth development of tuberculosis prevention and control work in China.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) in patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C in the real-world.Methods:This was an open-label, single-center, retrospective real-world study. A total of 103 genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C patients who were treated with EBR/GZR in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from May 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled.And the clinical baseline characteristics of patients and the effectiveness and safety of antiviral therapy were respectively evaluated.Results:A total of 103 patients were enrolled in the study with an age of (47.6±13.9) years. Fifty-five (53.4%) patients were male and 48(46.6%) were female. One point nine percent (2/103) patients were genotype 1a hepatitis C and 98.1%(101/103) were genotype 1b hepatitis C. Seventeen genotype 1b hepatitis C patients were previously treated with interferon, and three patients co-infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Among the 103 cases, 35 had underlying diseases and 26 had combined medication. Ninty-eight cases completed 12-week treatment and 89 cases completed 12-week follow-up after treatment.Overall, 89 cases achieved sustained virological response. The overall incidence of adverse reactions was 20.4%(21/103), and the main adverse reactions were fatigue, insomnia and anxiety. No serious adverse event occurred. The three patients with HBV co-infection had no hepatitis B activation after treatment.Conclusion:EBR/GZR is effective and safe in the patients with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C in China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743414

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the sonographic features as well as clinical histopathological features of follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma(FVPTC) and conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma (CPTC) in pediatric patients.Methods From Jan.2006 to Dec.2017,26 FVPTC patients and 82 CPTC patients were enrolled in this study.The clinical histopathological findings and the sonographic features were compared between the two groups.FVPTCs and CPTCs were divided into PTC-like and follicular neoplasm(FN)-like based on sonographic characteristics.Results The mean nodule size of FVPTCs was larger than that of conventional PTCs.Extrathyroid invasion and cervical lymph node metastasis did not have significant difference between CPTC and FVPTC patients(53.8% vs 62.2% and 76.9% vs 82.9%,respectively).Multiple nodules(P=0.000)and distant pulmonary metastases(P=0.024) were more frequent in CPTCs than in FVPTCs(P<0.05).The rate of an ill-defined margin (P=0.000) and calcification (P=0.003)in terms of sonographic features were lower in FVPTCs than conventional PTCs(P<0.05).A Ⅴ+Ⅵ diagnosis of PTC on FNAC of FVPTCs was less common than that of conventional PTCs (P=0.014).Multifocality(P=0.000),extrathyroidal invasion (P=0.000),and lymph node metastasis (P=0.000) were significantly different between PTC-like FVPTCs and FN-like FVPTCs.Conclusion FVPTC in children and adolescents shows a relatively larger size,more benign sonographic features,and a lower diagnostic rate of PTC by FNAC compared with conventional PTCs in pediatric patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707225

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the regulatory effects of cucumin onoxidation and antioxidation in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH ) .Methods Fifty-six clean male rats were randomly divided into 7 groups by random numbers table .Eight rats in normal control group were fed by normal diet for 12 weeks .Twenty-four rats in model group were fed by choline dificinet (CD) diet and randomly sacrificedat week 4 ,8 and 12 with 8 rats each time point .Twenty-four rats incucumin treatment group were given cucumin at high (500 mg/[kg · d]) ,medium (100 mg/[kg · d]) and low (50 mg/[kg · d]) dosages with 8 rats each dosage from week 5 of CD diet for 8 weeks ,and the rats were sacrificed at week 12 .The liver tissues were reserved for pathology test and detections of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) ,glutathione (GSH) ,the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) ,manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) ,glutathione peroxidase (GPx) ,and levels of triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) .The measurement data with normal distribution were analyzed using t test ,and the data with non-normal distribution were analyzed using rank sum Z test .Results The liver of rats presented with the performance of NASH when fed with CD diet for 4 weeks ,and presented with early fibrosis after 8 weeks of CD diet ,even progressed to cirrhosis after 12 weeks of CD diet .The NAS scores of medium and high dose curcumin treatment groups were 6 .50 (5 .25 ,7 .00) and 6 .00 (5 .00 ,6 .75) ,respectively ,which were both lower than that model group at week 12 (8 .00 [7 .00 ,8 .00])(Z=2 .441 and 2 .728 ,respectively , both P< 0 .01) ,while fibrosis stages at week 12 were not significantly different compared with model group (Z=0 .795 and 1 .807 ,respectively ,both P> 0 .05) .TG and TC levels in liver tissues of rats in low ,medium and high doses treatment group were not significantly different compared with model group at week 12(TG :t=0 .54 ,1 .18 and 1 .66 ,respectively ;TC :t=0 .11 ,0 .59 and 0 .62 ,respectively ;all P>0 .05) .The GSH contentin liver of rats in high dose group was (1185 .82+204 .01) mg/g ,which was significantly different from that in model group at week 12 (735 .29 + 35 .08) (t=4 .97 ,P<0 .01) .The TBARS contents in the liver of the middle and high doses curcumin treatment group were significantly different from that of model group at week 12 (t=7 .58 and 11 .62 ,respectively ,both P< 0 .01) .The SOD activities in liver of rats in low ,medium and high doses curcumin treatment group were statistically different from that in model group (t=4 .17 ,4 .32 and 6 .10 ,respectively ,all P<0 .01) .MnSOD activity in liver of rats in high dose group was significantly different from model group at week 12 (t=8 .42 ,P<0 .01) .The live GPx contents in low ,medium and high doses curcumin treatment group were all not significantly different from that in model group at week 12 (t=0 .27 ,0 .21 and 0 .60 ,respectively ,all P>0 .05) .Conclusions CD diet in SD rats could induce hepatic lipid deposition in liver ,and cause liver antioxidative system disorders ,GSH exhaustion ,and decreases of SOD and GPx activities .Curcumin treatment could improve liver NAS score of NASH rats ,and might play a protective role by upregulating the SOD activity and increasing liver GSH content .But curcumin has no effects on liver GPx activity and fat deposition in liver of NASH rats .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703235

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the pathological changes of brain tissues in the WHBE rabbit model of sporadic Alzheimer disease (AD). Methods Thirty 3 -4-month old male WHBE rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups:normal control (NC) group, high cholesterol diet (HCD) group, high cholesterol diet + copper drinking water ( HCD+ Cu2+) group, 10 in each group. Another 10 senile (36-48-month old) male WHBE rabbits were taken as senile group. The NC group and the senile group were fed a normal basic diet, the HCD group fed a 2% cholesterol diet, and the HCD+Cu2+group fed a 2% cholesterol diet plus 0. 12 PPM copper drinking water for 12 weeks. The levels of total cholesterol (TC) and β-amyloid protein (Aβ) 1-42 were measured at 12 weeks. The activity of superoxide dismutase ( SOD) and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the cortex and the hippocampus were detected. In addition, the covered area of Aβ, β-site APP cleaving enzyme 1(BACE1) and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) protein in coronal sections of brain tissues were also observed by immunohistochemical staining. The senile plaques and the neurofibrillary tangles were observed by Congo red and Bielschowsky staining, respectively. Results The body weight of WHBE rabbits in the senile group was significantly higher than that of the NC group ( P < 0. 01 ), and the plasma TC and Aβ1 -42 in each group were significantly higher than that in the NC group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The activity of SOD in brain tissues was significantly lower than that of NC group (P< 0. 05), and the MDA content was significantly higher than that of NC group (P< 0. 05, P < 0. 01). Immunohistochemical staining showed that the covered area of Aβ, BACE1 and p-tau in brain tissues of all groups were significantly higher than that of NC group (P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01), and the covered area of BACE1 and p-tau protein in the brain tissues of HCD + Cu2+group was also significantly higher than that of the HCD group (P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01). Congo red and Bielschowsky staining showed that the number of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles were observed in the brain tissues of the HCD, HCD+Cu2+and senile groups. Conclusions High cholesterol diet or supplemented with trace copper drinking water can induce obvious AD pathological changes in WHBE rabbit models of sporadic AD with obvious oxidative damage, increased Aβ deposition and senile plaque in the brain, and pathological changes of tau. WHBE rabbit can be used in the study of animal models of neurodegenerative diseases.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703205

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences in the intestinal microflora of WHBE rabbit and JW rabbit models of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS). Methods 16 WHBE rabbits and 16 JW rabbits were randomly divided into normal control(NC)group and IBS model group, respectively(n=8). The diarrhea-predominant IBS model was established by wet-heat stress combined with intragastric gavage of senna decoction. The abdominal circumference index,water content of feces and colonic transit function were observed. After sacrifice,colon tissue samples were taken for histopathological examination and colon contents for intestinal flora diversity analysis. Results Compared with the NC group,the IBS model rabbits showed an increased abdominal circumference index and fecal water content,and a shortened colon transit time, but no obvious pathological changes were observed in the colon tissues. Meanwhile, the Shannon index and Chao1 index of IBS model rabbits were significantly decreased(P<0.05). According to the result of OTU classification analysis,Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes are the dominant bacteria in the intestinal microflora of rabbits. Compared with the NC group, the Firmicutes, Verrucomicrobia, Chloroflexi, Akkermansia, and Streptococcus in the WHBE rabbit IBS model group were significantly reduced(P < 0.05, P < 0.01), while Bacteroidetes and rc4-4 significantly increased(P < 0.05, P < 0.01). However, in the JW rabbit IBS model group, Eubacterium and Subdoligranulum were significantly increased(P< 0.05),while Lactobacillus,Coprobacter,Veillonella and Streptococcus were markedly decreased(P<0.05). Compared with the JW rabbit NC group,the abundance of Firmicutes,Odoribacter, Veillonella,Streptococcus,Oscillospira and Pseudoflavonifractor were significantly decreased(P<0.05, P<0.01), but Bacteroidetes,Verrucomicrobia,Eubacterium,Akkermansia and Coprobacter were significantly increased(P<0.05,P<0.01)in the WHBE rabbit NC group. Compared with the JW rabbit IBS model group, the abundance of rc4-4, Bacteroidetes,Coprobacter and Clostridium were significantly higher(P < 0.05, P < 0.01), while the Firmicutes, Dorea, Coprococcus and Subdoligranulum were significantly lower(P <0.05)in the WHBE rabbit IBS model group. Conclusions There is an intestinal microflora imbalance in rabbits with IBS, resulting in a decrease of microflora diversity. The changes of intestinal microflora in the WHBE rabbits and JW rabbits with IBS have their own characteristics, and have apparent differences.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734143

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the efficacy and safety of daclatasvir (DCV ) combined with asunprevir (ASV) for chronic genotype 1b (GT1b) hepatitis C .Methods Twenty-nine GT1b hepatitis C patients who were treated with DCV combined ASV in Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from September 2017 to November 2017 were included .Hepatitis C virus (HCV ) RNA levels were tested before treatment ,1 week ,2 weeks ,3 weeks ,4 weeks ,8 weeks ,12 weeks and 24 weeks after treatment , and 12 weeks after the end of the treatment .The comorbidities ,combined use of drugs and adverse clinical events were registered .T test was used to compare the measurement data with normal distribution and M (P25,P75) was used for measurement data with non-normal distribution .Results A total of 29 patients with GT1b were included ,with 4 cirrhosis cases and 25 non cirrhotic cases .Seven patients had history of previous interferon and ribavirin combination treatment .There were 9 patients with comorbidity and 7 patients with combined medication . Finally , 25 patients completed a 24-week course of antiviral treatment ;3 patients were lost to follow-up ,and 1 patient withdrew after 16weeks of antiviral treatment because of a virus rebound .Of the 26 followed up patients ,25 achieved sustained virological response at 12-week (SVR12 ) , and one patient failed .And the HCV RNA NS5A resistance-associated variants (RAV) were detected in the patients with treatment failure .No severe adverse clinical events occurred in 26 patients .Conclusions DCV combined with ASV is effective and safe in the treatment of GT 1b chronic hepatitis C .However , the effect of RAV on therapeutic efficacy should be concerned during the treatment .

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 927-932, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810344

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To recognize the efficacy and safety of paritaprevir/ritonavir-ombitasvir combined with dasabuvir (OBV/PTV/RTV+DSV) in the treatment of genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C.@*Methods@#Patients with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C who were admitted to the People's Hospital of Henan Province, Huashan Hospital of Shanghai and the Fifth Medical Center of the General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army of China between November 2017 to August 2018 were enlisted. All patients received OBV/PTV/RTV+DSV antiviral therapy. HCV RNA levels were measured at baseline, weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, and 24, then 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after completion of treatment; patients’ comorbidity, concomitant medications, and clinical adverse events were recorded.@*Results@#108 patients were enrolled in the study, with an average age of 49.1 years, 44 patients were male (40.8%), 96.3% (104/108) were newly diagnosed, and four patients had previous treatment history, of whom three were treated with IFN and one with IFN + DAA. Ninety-eight cases completed 12 weeks treatment and 89 cases were in follow up for 12 weeks, after discontinuation of the drug. Overall, 89 cases (100%) achieved SVR12.One patient treated with PR and DAA had HCV RNA level of 869175 IU/mL at 4 weeks of treatment, which was significantly higher than the baseline HCV RNA level (301776IU/ML), and was judged as failure of treatment; and follow-up was discontinued. Of all enrolled patients, 19 (17.6%) had underlying diseases and 15 (13.9%) had combined medications. During treatment, adverse events (AE) occurred in 11 patients (10.1%). The main adverse events were pruritus and elevated bilirubin.@*Conclusion@#Combined antiviral therapy (OBV/PTV/RTV+DSV) of 12 weeks are highly effective with good safety profile in the treatment of Chinese patients with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 710-713, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807390

ABSTRACT

Since 2014, the United States and Europe has approved all oral, interferon free- regimens that combine with direct-acting antiviral agents. Hence, the sustained virological response rate of patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection has improved over 90%, and the treatment modalities has introduced a new era. These drugs, ombitasvir and dasabuvir, received customary authorization of Food and Drug Administration in 2015 and are the first combined direct-acting antiviral agents for treating HCV genotype 1 infection. It has superior application prospects in China because of its high-sustained virological response rate and safety profile. This article reviews the pharmacokinetics, drug interactions, efficacy and safety of this therapeutic regimen.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619496

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe and compare the function of peripheral blood derived dendritic cells (DC) in white hair black eyes (WHBE) rabbits and Japanese white (JW) rabbits with allergic rhinitis (AR) induced by ovalbumin (OVA),and to explore the mechanism of sensitivity to allergen in WHBE rabbits.Methods For the AR induction,rabbits were sensitized intraperitoneally everyday with OVA emulsified in Al(OH)3 followed from day 17 onward by 5 times nasal challenges with OVA in each nostril.General symptoms and histopathological changes of the nasal mucosa were observed.Expressions of CD86 on cell surface and antigen uptake of peripheral blood-derived dendritic cells were detected by flow cytometry at 6 days of culture.The mannose receptor (MR) mRNA expression was tested by real-time PCR.Proliferation of CFSE [5-(and 6-)-carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester]-labelled T cells stimulated by DC were observed by flow cytometry.Results The rabbits sensitized by OVA showed typical AR symptoms and pathological changes.Expressions of CD86 on the cell surface of dendritic cells in WHBE rabbits with AR were significantly upregulated not only compared with the normal control (NC) rabbits,but also with the JW rabbits with AR (P<0.01).The result of real-time PCR assay showed that MR mRNA expression of DC in the NC group of WHBE rabbits were significantly higher than that of the JWrabbits(P<0.01).Moreover,MR mRNA expression of DCs in the WHBE rabbits with AR were not only significantly higher than that in the NC rabbits (P<0.05),but also higher than that in the JW rabbits with AR (P<0.05).Meanwhile,OVA647 internalization percentages of DCs in the WHBE rabbits with AR were not only significantly higher than that in the NC rabbits,but also obviously higher than that in the JW rabbits with AR (P<0.01).Conclusions The sensitivity of WHBE rabbits to allergen may largely depend on the function of dendritic cells with high expression of mannose receptor and their strong ability of maturation and antigen uptake.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610308

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the morphological structures of WHBE rabbit brain in vivo based on 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging system (MRI), accumulate the basic biological data of WHBE rabbit brain imaging, and provide a background information to further expand the WHBE rabbit application.Methods Nine healthy adult male WHBE rabbits were intravenously anesthetized with 3% pentobarbital sodium.3.0 T MRI plus rabbit brain dedicated coil was used to perform routine transverse and sagittal scans, and the size of brain structures were measured.Results MRI scanning can be successfully performed to obtain sagittal and transverse T2WI or T1WI images of WHBE rabbit brain in vivo, and can be clearly observed the basic structures of WHBE rabbit brains in vivo, such as olfactory bulb, cerebrum, cerebellum and pituitary gland.In addition, high signal was found in the hippocampus of the left and right temporal lobes in 4 rabbits with T2WI, but also low signal appeared in the corresponding regions in T1WI, and the others were not abnormal.Meanwhile, the reference data of frontal lobe, hippocampus, cerebrum, lateral ventricles, pituitary gland and other related anatomical structures were also obtained.Conclusions Using the 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging system and rabbit brain coil,the morphological and anatomical structures of rabbit brain can be clearly observed, and the basic imaging data of WHBE rabbits brain have been established preliminarily.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712032

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology(US-FNAC)in the assessment of radiologically detected ovarian neoplasms and retroperitoneal metastatic lymph nodes. Methods FNAC was performed under ultrasound guidance on 126 patients suspected of ovarian neoplasms and retroperitoneal metastatic lymph nodes. Cytologic examination was performed after staining smears with the haematoxylin and eosin method. Clinical data were retrieved from the medical records and all cytological specimens were reviewed. In these cases, the cytologic findings were correlated with histology of the primary tumor and were compared with surgical pathology. Results Satisfactory sampling was obtained in 86.2% of punctures, and cytological diagnosis was made in 85.7% cases. The size of the lymph nodes punctured was less than 20 mm in 93.5% cases, with the sensitivity of 81.6%、86.2%, specificity of 95.8%、100.0%, positive predictive value of 98.3%、100.0%, negative predictive value of 63.9%、33.3%, and accuracy of 85.3%、87.1%. Seven patients presented slight abdominal discomfort, and relieved without clinical treatment. Conclusions The fine needle aspiration technique has excellent positive predictive value and low morbidity. US-FNAC, as the valuable investigation, is not only useful in the diagnosis of ovarian masses and lymph nodes but can also help in choosing appropriate management. From our experience, US-FNAC can be added in follow-up of selected patients in whom the cytological identification of such masses and nodes is significant for the patient′s treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707206

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze hepatitis C virus genotype(HCV GT)1b NS5A resistance-associated variants(RAV)and its related factors,and to provide references for direct-acting antivirals (DAA)agent selection and application.Methods From January 2017 to July 2017,53 hepatitis C patients were selected from the Department of Infectious Diseases of Henan Province People's Hospital. The mutations of L31M and Y93H in NS5A RAV were analyzed in 43 HCV GT1b patients,and their correlations with hepatitis C virus,liver function,platelet and liver fibrosis diagnostic model[APRI, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase to platelet ratio(GPR),FIb-4]were analyzed.The quantitative data were compared by two independent samples t test,and the qualitative data were compared by chi square test. Results Fifty-three subjects were enrolled,including 43 GT1b(9 males and 34 females)and 10 GT2a(2 males and 8 females).No other genotype was detected.The incidence of NS5A RAV in 43 HCV GT1b patients was 13.9%(6/43),of which L31M and Y93H were 1/43(2.3%)and 5/43(11.6%)with no significant difference(χ2= 1.500,P= 0.219).There were no significant differences in HCV RNA, ALT,AST,albumin,platelets and age between patients with or without mutation(all P> 0.05). Conclusions The incidence of NS5A RAV in HCV GT1b patients is high,but not affected by virus, biochemical factors and liver fibrosis.The detection of NS5A RAV before HCV treatment is helpful for rational selection of DAA,which could reduce the drug resistance.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 424-428, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808888

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of hepatitis B virus X gene (HBx) on apoptosis of hepatic cells mediated by Fas in HePG2 cells.@*Methods@#HBx eukaryotic vector pcDNA3.1(+)-X was transfected into HEPG2 cells with lipofectamine, and the null vector pcDNA3.1(+) and untransfected HEPG2 were used as normal controls. The cells were collected 72 h after transfection, and the expression of HBx mRNA and protein was determined using RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The mRNA expression of apoptosis-related genes Bcl-2 and Bax mRNA was also determined using RT-PCR. Cytotoxicity and apoptosis were evaluated using CCK-8 and flow cytometry, respectively, after HepG2-HBx and HepG2-3.1 cells were treated with stimulatory monoclonal antibody anti-Fas CH11. The t test was used for pairwise comparison.@*Results@#The cell line HepG2-HBx was successfully established, as confirmed by RT-PCR and Western blot, and RT-PCR results showed that HepG2-HBx cells had significantly higher expression of Bcl-2 mRNA than HepG2-3.1 and HepG2 cells (P < 0.05), but had significantly lower expression of Bax mRNA than HepG2-3.1 and HepG2 cells (P < 0.05); CCK-8 and flow cytometry showed that anti-Fas CH11 had a lower cytotoxicity to HepG2-HBx cells and allowed for a lower apoptosis rate of HepG2-HBx cells compared with HepG2-3.1 and HepG2 cells.@*Conclusions@#HBx can inhibit apoptosis of hepatic cells mediated by the Fas pathway.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477796

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Objective To explore the sensitivity and accuracy of directly sequenced core and non-structrural protein (NS)5B regions for hepatitis C virus (HCV)genotyping.Methods Fifty-one serum samples from chronic hepatitis C patients were collected in the study.Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to amplify core and NS5B regions.Genotypes or subtypes were determined by the phylogenetic analysis of directly sequenced core and NS5B regions.Results Among the 51 samples,49 (96.1 %)were successfully typed by phylogenetic analysis of directly sequenced core region.There were overall five genotypes determined in the area,including 1b (61 .2%,30/49 ),2a (20.4%,10/49 ),2b (2.0%,1/49),3a (4.1 %,2/49 )and 6a (12.2%,6/49 ).The positive rate of HCV genotying was 88.2% (45/51 )on the basis of NS5B region.HCV genotypes 1b,2a,2b,3a and 6a were found in 62.2% (28/45),20.0% (9/45 ),2.2% (1/45 ),4.4% (2/45 )and 11 .1 % (5/45 )of the patients, respectively.Conclusion The HCV genotyping based on core regions,compared with that based on NS5B,shows the advantages of primer design,amplification efficiency and accuracy,suggesting that it has the priority to be used in the epidemiological and clinical study of HCV genotyping.

18.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 106-109, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466183

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Objective To investigate the efficacy of pranoprofen drops on dry eye of patients with Sj(o)gren's syndrome (SS).Methods This is a prospective study.Sixty-eight inpatients with dry eye in our hospital were randomly divided into the experimental and control groups.Right eyes were taken for the trial,with 34 cases in each group.The experimental group was given pranoprofen eye drops combined with polyethylene glycol eye drops.Eyes of the control group were given polyethylene glycol drops only.Corneal fluorescein staining (FL),tear film breakup time (BUT) and Schirmer test (SIT) were tested before treatment and 1,2,4 weeks after treatment by the same care giver.The levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in tears were detected by ELISA.Analysis of variance of repeated data and t test were used for statistical analysis.Results The difference of FL,BUT,SIT and content IL-6 and TNF-α in tears in the experimental group patients before treatment and 1,2,4 weeks after treatment were signifcant (F=4.65,7.53,6.43,9.96,10.87; P<0.05),which were statistically significantly different between the experimental group and the control group patients (F=3.27,5.85,4.36,8.36,7.23; P<0.05).One week after treatment and before treatment,the difference of BUT and SIT of the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05),those of the 2 weeks after treatment were statistically significantly different [BUT of the experimental group was (11.1±2.5) s,BUT of the control group was (9.7±1.9) s,t=2.594 8,P<0.05; the SIT of the experimental group was (7.3±1.7) mm,the SIT of the control group was (5.9±1.7) mm,t=3.571 8,P<0.05].BUT of the two groups at 4 weeks after treatment was statistically significantly different [BUT of the experimental group was (14.4±2.8) s,BUT of the control group was (11.4±2.6) s,t=4.469 4,P<0.05; the SIT of the experimental group was (9.9±2.1) mm,the SIT of the control group was (8.7±1.9) mm,t=2.568 0,P<0.05].The difference of FL and IL-6 and TNF-α in tears pretreatment between the two groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05).At week 1,2,4 after treatment,the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (tFL=4.173 9,3.190 7,4.072 6; tIL-6=2.131 5,2.316 4,5.310 1; tTNF-α=2.216 4,4.871 9,8.175 0; P<0.05).No significant discomfort and side effects were observed in the two groups.Conclusion Pranoprofen drops can significantly improve symptoms of dry eye in patients with pSS,in particular,the repair of the cornea,may be related to the inhibition of the expression of ocular inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α,and thus reduce the ocular surface inflammatory reaction.

19.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3921-3924, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482087

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of different medical nutrition therapy on blood glucose variability in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes .Methods Eighty‐five patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly divided into three groups ,29 cases in the control group ,27 cases in the low GI diet group ,29 cases in water‐soluble dietary fiber group .Each patient was established a individuality diabetic diet recipe according to the guidelines of medical nutrition therapy ,combined with oral hypoglycemic agents , The breakfast and dinner for patients in low GI diet group were completely instead of low GI diet ,while the breakfast and dinner for patients in water‐soluble dietary fiber group were added 10 g dietary fiber .Blood glucose ,blood lipid ,renal function and blood glu‐cose fluctuation were observed before and after one‐month intervention .Results Compared with before intervention ,the concentra‐tion of blood glucose after the intervention in each group were decreased (P < 0 .05) ,the glucose fluctuation index in low GI diet group and water soluble dietary fiber group decreased obviously after the intervention (P< 0 .05) .After the intervention ,average fasting blood glucose ,postprandial glucose average ,and mean blood glucose in low GI diet group were significantly lower than those in control group (P< 0 .05) ,Meanwhile ,the blood sugar standard deviation and MAGE in low GI dietary intervention group and in water‐soluble dietary fiber group were significantly lower than that of control group (P< 0 .05) .Conclusion On the basis of the di‐abetes diet recipes and oral drug treatment giving low GI dietary replacement therapy or adding water soluble dietary fiber ,for eld‐erly patients with type 2 diabetes ,could effectively control the blood glucose level ,and significantly reduce glucose variability .

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Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 13-16, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337057

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical features and gene mutation profiles of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and Gilbert's syndrome.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-three patients with CHB and Gilbert's syndrome were enrolled in the study. Serum markers of liver function and histological features of disease-related liver injury were assessed by standard methods. Gene mutations were detected by PCR and direct DNA sequencing.Statistical analysis was carried out with the chi-square and t tests.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sequencing of the Gilbert syndrome-associated gene, UGT 1A 1, revealed mutations in the upstream promoter phenobarbital-responsive element module (PBREM) (-3279 mutation, 23 cases), in the promoter TATA box (a TA insertion mutation, 21 cases), and in the coding region of exon 1 (a GGA-AGA Gly71Arg mutation, 18 cases); there was no statistical difference found for any of the three mutations among this patient population (x2 =1.640, P more than 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The traditional methods of diagnosis for patients with CHB and Gilbert's syndrome remain a technical challenge in the clinic, and gene detection may represent a more favorable method for diagnosing this patient population.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Exons , Gilbert Disease , Glucuronosyltransferase , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Humans , Mutagenesis, Insertional , Mutation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Promoter Regions, Genetic , TATA Box
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