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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 197-205, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012709

ABSTRACT

With the increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus in recent years, cardiomyopathy caused by diabetes mellitus has aroused wide concern and this disease is characterized by high insidiousness and high mortality. The early pathological changes of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) are mitochondrial structural disorders and loss of myocardial metabolic flexibility. The turbulence of mitochondrial quality control (MQC) is a key mechanism leading to the accumulation of damaged mitochondria and loss of myocardial metabolic flexibility, which, together with elevated levels of oxidative stress and inflammation, trigger changes in myocardial structure and function. Qi deficiency and stagnation is caused by the loss of healthy Qi, and the dysfunction of Qi transformation results in the accumulation of pathogenic Qi, which further triggers injuries. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), DCM is rooted in Qi deficiency of the heart, spleen, and kidney. The dysfunction of Qi transformation leads to the generation and lingering of turbidity, stasis, and toxin in the nutrient-blood and vessels, ultimately damaging the heart. Therefore, Qi deficiency and stagnation is the basic pathologic mechanism of DCM. Mitochondria, similar to Qi in substance and function, are one of the microscopic manifestations of Qi. The role of MQC is consistent with the defense function of Qi. In the case of MQC turbulence, mitochondrial structure and function are impaired. As a result, Qi deficiency gradually emerges and triggers pathological changes, which make it difficult to remove the stagnant pathogenic factor and aggravates the MQC turbulence. Ultimately, DCM occurs. Targeting MQC to treat DCM has become the focus of current research, and TCM has the advantages of acting on multiple targets and pathways. According to the pathogenesis of Qi deficiency and stagnation in DCM and the modern medical understanding of MQC, the treatment should follow the principles of invigorating healthy Qi, tonifying deficiency, and regulating Qi movement. This paper aims to provide ideas for formulating prescriptions and clinical references for the TCM treatment of DCM by targeting MQC.

2.
Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1777-1785, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984531

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of the Modified Tongmai Anshen Formula (通脉安神方加减, MTAF) in the treatment of stable angina pectoris (SAP) with sleep disorders. MethodsA total of 148 patients suffering from SAP with sleep disorder were included and randomly divided into control group and treatment group, with 74 patients in each group. The control group received conventional western medicine, and the treatment group additionally received MTAF (1 dose per day), both for 4 weeks. The changes in angina pectoris symptoms, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes, sleep quality, quality of life, serological indicators including serum intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), brain-derived nerve growth factor (BDNF) and tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrkB) were compared between groups before and after treatment, and the safety was evaluated. ResultsIn the treatment group and the control group, the total effective rates of TCM syndromes(82.43% vs 52.70%), angina pectoris (79.73% vs 64.86%) and sleep (89.19% vs 68.92%) showing significant difference (P<0.001). After treatment, the total TCM syndrome score, primary symptom score, secondary symptom score, and secondary symptoms sleeplessness, restlessness, tiredness and fatigue individual score, angina pectoris score, PSQI total score and each item score were all significantly reduced in both groups, while the SF-36 single item score significantly increased (P<0.05). The total TCM syndromes and primary symptom scores, secon-dary symptoms sleeplessness, restlessness, tiredness and fatigue individual score, angina pectoris score, time to fall asleep, sleep quality, hypnotic medication, sleep disturbance, daytime dysfunction score and PSQI total score were significantly lower in the treatment group than those in the control group after treatment (P<0.05), while the somatic pain, general health status, social functioning, emotional functioning, mental health, and health change were significantly higher in the treatment group (P<0.05). After treatment, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 level significantly decreased (P<0.05), and BDNF and TrkB levels increased (P<0.05) in the treatment group, while BDNF level significantly decreased in the control group (P<0.05). The TrkB level was significantly higher in the treatment group compared to the control group after treatment (P<0.05). A total of four adverse events occurred during the treatment, none of which were considered to be related to this study. ConclusionMTAF can significantly improve angina pectoris symptoms, TCM syndromes, sleep quality and quality of life in patients suffering from SAP with sleep disorders, the mechanism of which may be related to the protection of vascular endothelial function and central neurons.

3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 519-523, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988632

ABSTRACT

Ribosomal proteins (RP) are important components of ribosomes and play key roles in ribosome biogenesis and protein translation. In addition, ribosomal proteins also possess many extra-ribosomal functions, such as regulation of gene expression, cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, DNA repair, and many other cellular processes. The dysfunction of RP is closely related to the occurrence and development of various diseases including blood, metabolism, cardiovascular diseases and tumors, and RP might become potential therapeutic targets for a variety of diseases. The research progress on RP, including the basic functions of RP, extra-ribosomal properties, and the connections with human diseases were reviewed and their potential as biomarkers and therapeutic targets in diseases were discussed in this paper.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 473-476, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996259

ABSTRACT

Bispecific antibodies (BsAb) are special antibodies that can bind to two different antigenic epitopes at the same time, and their diverse forms provide the basis for different effects. In 2021, amivanamab was approved to treat metastatic or surgically unresectable non-small cell lung cancer patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) 20 exon insertion mutation who experience tumor progression during or after platinum doublet chemotherapy. BsAb has made great progress in the treatment of solid tumors, especially lung cancer. This article reviews the structural form, mechanism and research progress of BsAb in the field of lung cancer.

5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 59-64, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995064

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the implementation of early essential newborn care (EENC) in baby-friendly hospitals in China.Methods:This is an investigation carried out using convenience sampling method. People in charge of labor ward, obstetric wards or neonatology department of the selected hospitals, such as baby-friendly hospitals with birth facilities, primary or higher level of hospitals, or general hospitals or those specialized in obstetrics and gynecology or materal and child health care centers, were selected as the subjects of the survey. Information about EENC practices in these hospitals was collected using a self-designed questionnaire sent through WeChat from April 1 to 30, 2021. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 126 questionnaires were distributed and 124 (124 baby-friendly hospitals) were withdrawn. There were 74 hospitals in the eastern, 18 in the central and 32 in the western region. Among the 124 hospitals, tertiary hospitals, general hospitals, and maternity and child care hospitals accounted for 72.6% ( n=90), 64.5% ( n=80) and 35.5% ( n=44), respectively. There were no significant differences in the hospital type, levels, EENC coverage and training, or implementation of mainly recommended EENC practices among the hospitals in the eastern, central and western regions (all P>0.05). The implementation rate of at least one mainly recommended EENC practice was 79.0% (98/124) and there was no significant difference in the implementation rates among eastern, central and western regions [86.4% (64/74), 13/18 and 65.6% (21/32), χ2=6.60, P=0.159]. A total of 80 (64.5%) hospitals implemented 10 or more recommended EENC practices, and the implementation rates in eastern, central and western regions were 71.6% (53/74), 10/18 and 53.1% (17/32), respectively ( χ2=4.08, P=0.130). Among the 17 mainly recommended measures of EENC, in eastern, central and western hospitals, the implementation rates were 10.8% (8/74), 2/18 and 18.8% (6/32) for mother-infant skin-to-skin contact for 90 min after birth; 66.2% (49/74), 11/18 and 68.8% (22/32) for delayed umbilical cord clamping; and 25.7% (19/74), 7/18 and 21.9% (7/32) for delayed routine care following skin-to-skin contact, respectively ( χ2=6.57, 0.34 and 4.53, all P>0.05). Conclusions:There is a big gap between the implementation of EENC in most baby-friendly hospitals in eastern, central and western China and the recommendation of the World Health Organization. It is necessary to further strengthen and standardize the implementation of EENC practices in baby-friendly hospitals in our country to continuously improve the health of newborns.

6.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 277-283, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973684

ABSTRACT

Tumor immunotherapy has become a new cancer treatment which has been expected to eliminate tumors. Immune checkpoint inhibitors, especially programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibodies, have achieved significant clinical efficacy in the treatment of solid tumors. But biologics possess disadvantages such as strong immunogenicity and high cost. Therefore, the discovery of small molecule drugs as immune checkpoint inhibitors may overcome the shortcomings of biologics and become a new challenge for future tumor immunotherapy. The active small molecules from traditional Chinese medicine that inhibit the expression of PD-1/PD-L1 and their regulatory effects on the tumor immune microenvironment were reviewed in this paper.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 227-233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972317

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of specific knockdown of hepatic stellate cells (HSC) ribosomal protein S5 (RPS5) on liver fibrosis in rats. Methods The glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) promoter-driven RPS5 shRNA adenovirus was established, and AdGFa2-shRPS5 and its control AdGFa2 shNC were used to transfect primary rat HSCs and hepatocytes, respectively. RPS5 was determined by Western-blot and Real Time PCR, α-SMA and type I collagen expression; the rat liver fibrosis model was established by dimethyl nitrosamine (DMN) and bile duct ligation (BDL), and intrahepatic HSC was specifically knocked down by tail vein injection of adenovirus of RPS5 levels. The pathological changes of liver tissue sections were analyzed by HE staining; the content of hydroxyproline, sections of Sirius red and Masson staining were used to evaluate collagen deposition; immunohistochemical staining was used to detect the expression of α-SMA and RPS5. Results AdGFa2-shRPS5 specifically knocked down the expression level of RPS5 in HSC and increased the expression of α-SMA and type I collagen in vitro. The in vivo results showed that in two animal models of chronic liver injury, specific knockdown of RPS5 expression in HSCs promoted HSC activation, increased the deposition of extracellular matrix, and promoted liver fibrosis. Conclusion RPS5 is essential for HSC activation and liver fibrosis, which could be a potential target for the treatment of liver fibrosis.

8.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 207-211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972313

ABSTRACT

Cryptotanshinone is one of the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine salvia miltiorrhiza which shows good activities against a variety of tumors. Its anti-tumor effects include inhibition of tumor cell proliferation, induction of cell apoptosis, inhibition of cell migration and invasion, regulation of immune function and reversal of drug resistance. The direct anti-tumor targets include signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), tyrosine protein phosphatase SHP2, DNA topoisomerase 2, and other mechanisms of action include the induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, regulation of estrogen and androgen receptor signaling, and inhibition of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. In addition, many cryptotanshinone derivatives have been designed and synthesized to study the antitumor effects. The research progress of the antitumor activity of cryptotanshinone and its derivatives were reviewed in this paper to give references to the anti-tumor drug development of cryptotanshinone and its derivatives.

9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 46-51, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971178

ABSTRACT

Chemokine-like factor-like MARVEL transmembrane domain containing member/chemokine-like factor superfamily member (CMTM/CKLFSF) including CKLF and CMTM1-CMTM8 are a new family of proteins linking chemokines and transmembrane superfamilies. CMTM not only have broad chemotactic activities, but also associate with hematopoietic system, immune system, and tumor development and metastasis closely. CMTM proteins are involved in key biological processes of cancer development, which include activation and recycling of growth factor receptors, cell proliferation and metastasis, and regulation of the tumor immune microenvironment. This is a new focus of research on the relationship between CMTM and tumors, because CMTM4/CMTM6 can be considered as a regulator for programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1). This paper reviews the role of CMTM family members on cancer, especially in tumor growth, metastasis and immune escape, summarize the latest findings on the relationship between CMTM and non-small cell lung cancer, and explores the potential clinical value of CMTM as a novel drug target or biomarker.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Chemokines/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
10.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 146-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965563

ABSTRACT

As a natural compound with high efficiency and low toxicity, cryptotanshinone (CTS) has a good anti-fibrosis effect in various organs and tissues. However, its mechanism of action has not been clearly defined, and there is no systematic literature review to describe its potential anti-fibrosis mechanism. The efficacy and mechanism of cryptotanshinone in the treatment of fibrosis in various organs were summarized and the use prospects were put forward in this paper.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 71-78, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961685

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the inhibitory effect of different concentration of baicalin (0, 100, 200, 400 μmol·L-1) on the proliferation of human gastric cancer SGC-7901 cells and the underlying mechanism. MethodSGC-7901 cells were treated with baicalin. Then methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was employed to examine the inhibitory effect of baicalin on the cells. At the same time, ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) was added to observe the viability of cells after baicalin treatment. The expression of ferroptosis-related genes was detected by Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the level of glutathione (GSH) were detected respectively by MTT assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The role of tumor protein 53 (p53)/solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11) pathway in the regulation of ferroptosis was investigated respectively via overexpression and small interfering RNA (siRNA) methods. ResultCompared with the blank group, baicalin decreased the viability of SGC-7901 (P<0.05, P<0.01) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The intervention of Fer-1 significantly alleviated the decrease of SGC-7901 cell viability caused by baicalin (P<0.01). In addition, compared with the baicalin group, Fer-1+baicalin group showed decrease in MDA content and the mRNA and protein levels of prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) in the cells (P<0.01), and increase in GSH activity and mRNA and protein levels of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) (P<0.01). The protein level of SLC7A11 in the baicalin group was decreased compared with that in the blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01) in a dose-dependent manner. Compared with the baicalin group, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) level and MDA content in SLC7A11-overexpressing cells were significantly decreased after baicalin treatment (P<0.01), and the GSH activity was significantly increased (P<0.01). The fluorescence intensity of p53 in the cells of the baicalin group was increased compared with that of the blank group (P<0.01). Compared with the baicalin group, the expression level of p53 protein in the cells transfected with p53 siRNA was significantly decreased after baicalin treatment (P<0.01), and the expression level of SLC7A11 was significantly increased (P<0.01). ConclusionBaicalin can effectively inhibit the proliferation of SGC-7901 cells by regulating p53/SLC7A11-mediated ferroptosis.

12.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 208-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924049

ABSTRACT

Signal transduction and transcriptional activator 3 (STAT3) is an important transcription factor that can be activated by many cytokines and growth factors. STAT3 plays a key role in cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation. It has been shown that hyperactivation of STAT3 exists in almost all animal models of liver injury and human liver diseases. Therefore, inhibition of STAT3 activation might become a promising strategy for prevention and treatment of acute liver injury and liver fibrosis. The research progress of STAT3 on liver injury, hepatitis, liver regeneration, liver fibrosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma were mainly discussed in this review.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 304-308, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of cabazitaxel on lung cancer cell metastasis and proliferation and the related mechanisms.Methods:Lung cancer cells A549 were divided into two groups. The experimental group were cultured with a low concentration of 50 μg/ml cabazitaxel, and the control group were cultured with an equal volume of a solution of cabazitaxel. The proliferation ability of the two groups of cells was examined using CCK8 and plate cloning experiments. The migration ability of A459 cells was verified by transwell and cell scratch experiments. The expression levels of MMP2/9, CDK4/6, and P16 protein were detected by Western blotting.Results:Compared with the control group, the cell proliferation ability of the A549 cell was weakened in the experimental group. The plate clone formation rate of the experimental group was 17.5%±2.3%, and A549 cell clone formation rate of the control group was 74.8%±4.5%. The cloning ability was reduced in the experimental group. Western blot results showed that the expression of CDK4/6 in the experimental group was down-regulated and the expression of P16 was up-regulated. The scratch healing percentage of the cells in the experimental group was 56.2%±3.8%, and the scratch healing percentage of the cells in the control group was 86.8%±5.2%. The scratch healing ability of the cells in the experimental group decreased. The transwell results showed that the experimental group had 35±4 cells per field of view, while it was 78±9 in the control group. The cell migration ability of the experimental group was decreased. Western blot results showed that the expression of MMP2/9 in the experimental group was down-regulated.Conclusion:Cabazitaxel leads to a decrease in the metastasis ability of lung cancer cells A549 through the extracellular matrix pathway, and inhibits cell proliferation by up-regulating P16.

14.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 515-519, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904751

ABSTRACT

Objective To find small molecules binding specifically to signal transducer and activator of transcription3 (STAT3) based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR) technology and confirm their inhibitory activities to STAT3. Methods The biomolecular interaction analysis T200 system based on SPR technology was used to couple the purified protein STAT3 to CM5 chip under the optimal pH conditions. The compounds with high binding response value were screened out from 50 candidate compounds derived from traditional Chinese medicines and the binding specificity was then confirmed. Biological experiments were performed to confirm the inhibitory effects of the screened compounds on STAT3. The binding pattern of STAT3 and the compound was fitted by molecular docking technique. Results More than 10 candidate molecules exhibited binding activities to STAT3 and kinetics assays revealed that only one candidate molecule, apigenin, showed specific binding. Western-blot analysis exhibited that apigenin inhibited the phosphorylation of STAT3 dose-dependently. Luciferase reporter gene assays demonstrated that apigenin also inhibited IL-6-induced STAT3 transcriptional activity in a dose-dependent manner. Molecular docking results showed that apigenin binds to the SH2 domain of STAT3, and interacts with key residues Glu638, Gln644, Gly656 and Lys658 by hydrogen bonds and with Tyr657 through π-π interactions. Conclusion Apigenin was a direct inhibitor of STAT3.

15.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 424-428, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the induction of specific T lymphocyte by bispecific monoclonal antibody in pancreatic cancer and its killing effects on KIF20A positive pancreatic cancer PANC1 cell line.Methods:CD 3/KIF20A bispecific monoclonal antibody was prepared and concentrated by chemical cross-linking method and purified by Sephrose-25 gel chromatography. Peripheral blood samples of healthy volunteers were collected, and monocytes were isolated using lymphocyte separation solution, and then cultured as dendritic cells (DC) and T cells respectively, and then co-cultured as DC-T cells. Meanwhile vitamin C was used to treat DC-T cells (vcDC-T cells). The levels of IFN-γ, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-12 in the supernatants and T cell subsets were detected by flow cytometry. About 1×10 5 T cells, DC-T cells, and vcDC-T cells with 10, 50, 100 and 300 ng CD 3/KIF20A antibody loaded were cocultured with PANC1 cells (20∶1) for 2, 6 and 10 hours to determine the highest killing rate dosage of CD 3/KIF20A antibody loaded cells. DC-T cells and DC-T cells, vcDC-T cells loaded with the highest killing rate dosage of CD 3/KIF20A antibody were cocultured with PANC1 cells (20∶1) for 2, 6, 8, 10 and 12 hours. The aggregation effect of effector cells on target cells was observed under inverted microscope, the killing rate of tumor cells was detected by LDH method. Results:The molecular weight of CD 3/KIF20A antibody was 130 000 measured and validated by SDS gel electrophoresis. The ratio of CD 8+ CD 28+ and CD40L subsets of vcDC-T cells was increased [(47.6±15.8)% vs (38.2±7.6)%, (52.1±4.9)% vs (44.7±3.2)% ] compared with that of DC-T cells, the ratio of negative regulatory cells (Treg) was decreased [(4.3±0.8)% vs (8.3±1.1)%]; the release of IL-2, IFN-γ and IL-12 was increased [(201.2±17.3) ng/L, (163.4±13.1)ng/L, (303.3±22.6)ng/L vs 221.8±17.6)ng/L, (190.4±11.7)ng/L vs (80.3±8.6)ng/L]. All the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.01). 100 ng CD 3/KIF20A loaded T cells were observed under microscope, which obviously targeted KIF20A + pancreatic cancer PANC1 cells and had a strongest killing power. At the killing cells to targeting cells ratio of 20∶1 with 4-hour coculture, the killing rate of CD 3/KIF20A-vcDC-T cells on PANC1 cells was (88.6±2.6)%, which was significantly higher than (68.4±3.4)% and (39.2±2.1)% in the CD3/KIF20A-DC-T group and (39.2±2.1)% in the DC-T group, increasing by 20% and at lease 45%, respectively. Conclusions:DC-T cells loaded with CD 3/KIF20A antibody can significantly increase the killing rate of KIF20A positive pancreatic cancer PANC1 cells, and vitamin C intervention can further enhance the killing ability of antibody loaded T cells.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 475-479, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging for the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in patients with lung adenocarcinoma. Methods:From January 2013 to December 2017, a total of 146 patients (83 males, 63 females, age: (60.2±10.3) years) who were confirmed as lung adenocarcinoma by pathology and were examined by 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and EGFR mutation testing in Shanxi Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The differences of clinical characteristics (age, gender, smoking, tumor diameter, loymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, stage, thyroid transcripition factor-1 (TTF-1), NapsinA, cyiokeratin (CK)-7, Ki-67) and PET/CT parameters (maximun standardized uptake value (SUV max) of the primary tumor (pSUV max), SUV max of lymph node (nSUV max) and SUV max of distant metastasis (mSUV max)) between patients of EGFR mutation and EGFR wild type were analyzed using independent-sample t test, χ2 test and Fisher exact test. The predictors for EGFR mutation were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. The predictive value of pSUV max and pSUV max combined with gender, smoking and tumor diameter was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results:There were 46.58%(68/146) patients with EGFR mutations and 53.42%(78/146) patients with wild type. Gender, smoking, lymph node metastasis, tumor diameter, pSUV max, nSUV max, TTF-1, NapsinA and Ki-67 were significantly different between patients with EGFR mutations and those with wild type ( t values: from -3.023 to -2.032, χ2 values: 4.725-33.749, all P<0.05). Female (odds ratio ( OR)=3.236, 95% CI: 1.213-8.779; P=0.029), non-smoker ( OR=4.947, 95% CI: 1.796-13.621; P=0.019), tumor diameter<3.5 cm ( OR=2.750, 95% CI: 1.109-6.818; P=0.001) and pSUV max<9.1( OR=2.960, 95% CI: 1.227-7.141; P=0.016) were predictors of EGFR mutations in lung adenocarcinoma. The area under the curve (AUC) of pSUV max was 0.640 with the specificity of 43.6%(34/78)and the sensitivity of 27.9%(19/68), while the AUC of the four independent factors was 0.83 with the specificity of 71.8%(56/78) and the sensitivity of 83.8%(19/68). Conclusions:pSUV max is associated with mutant EGFR status. Moreover, the combination of pSUV max, gender, smoking and tumor diameter can enhance the predictive value on EGFR mutation status in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 489-492, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872531

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of anlotinib in treatment of advanced malignant tumors.Methods:The clinical data of 65 patients with advanced malignant tumors after the failure of the second-line treatment in Shanxi Bethune Hospital from July 2018 to July 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 32 cases of non-small cell lung cancer, 12 cases of small cell lung cancer, 15 cases of ovarian cancer, and 6 cases of peritoneal cancer. The objective total remission rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS) time, and the related adverse events were also analyzed.Results:ORR in non-small cell lung cancer group was 43.7% (14/32), DCR was 68.8% (22/32); ORR in small cell lung cancer group was 8.3% (1/12), and DCR was 25.0% (3/12). ORR in ovarian cancer group was 33.3% (5/15), DCR was 73.3% (11/15). In peritoneal carcinoma group, ORR was 0 (0/6) and DCR was 33.3% (2/6). The median PFS time was 8.0 months (95% CI 6.2-9.8 months) in the non-small cell lung cancer group, 3.0 months (95% CI 1.9-4.1 months) in the small cell lung cancer group, 5.0 months (95% CI 3.1-6.9 months) in the ovarian cancer group, and 2.0 months (95% CI 0.0-5.6 months) in the peritoneal cancer group. Hypertension was the most common non-hematology-related adverse event, and there were 6 cases (9.2%) of grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ adverse event and 1 case (1.5%) of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ adverse event. Among the hematology-related adverse events, thrombocytopenia was the most common, and there were 8 cases (12.3%) of grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ adverse event and 1 case (1.5%) of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ adverse event. All patients could tolerate the adverse reactions. Conclusion:Anlotinib is one of the options for the treatment of advanced malignant tumors, with mild drug-related adverse reactions and definite efficacy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 161-165, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745233

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of electromagnetic pulse (EMP) on reproductive function of male adult mice.Methods A total of 48 healthy adult male BALB/c mice (8 weeks old) were randomly divided into sham group and EMP group with 24 animals in each group.The mice were wholebody exposed or sham exposed to EMP at 720 kV/m for 100 pulses with 1 Hz repetition rate and 40 ns pulse width.At 1,7,14 and 35 d after EMP exposure,the mice were anesthetized and the sperms were collected from the bilateral epididymal tail.After that,the sperm quality including the number of sperms,the ratio of abnormalities and the survival rate was evaluated.In addition,the morphology of testis was observed by HE staining and the diameter of seminiferous tubules was measured by Image J 1.43 u software.The protein level of stem cell factor (SCF) and glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in testis tissue were detected by ELISA and Western blot.Results The sperm quality and the morphology of testis did not change obviously at different times after exposing mice to EMP at 720 kV/m for 100 pulses,compared with sham group (P>0.05).The diameters of seminiferous tubules at 1,7,14 and 35 d after exposure were (196.85+ 16.65),(196.79+ 14.33),(196.35±22.71) and (198.60±25.88) μm in exposed mice,respectively,while (204.31±27.13),(197.07± 18.11),(194.37±21.45) and (200.59± 19.36) Iμm in sham exposed mice,respectively.There was no significant difference between two groups (P>0.05).Additionally,the levels of SCF and GDNF in testis tissue between EMP group and sham group had no statistically significant difference (P>0.05).Conclusion Under this exposure condition,EMP couldn't affect the reproductive function of male adult mice.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 469-473, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756780

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the safety and efficacy of low-dose apatinib in treatment of advanced malignant tumors. Methods The clinical data of 54 patients with advanced malignant tumors who were admitted to Shanxi Dayi Hospital from March 2015 to March 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. These patients were treated with apatinib at doses of 250 mg (29 cases) and 500 mg (25 cases) after initial treatment or failure of multi-line treatment. There were 15 cases of gastric cancer, 11 cases of lung cancer, 9 cases of ovarian cancer, 7 cases of liver cancer, 6 cases of soft tissue sarcoma, 3 cases of esophageal cancer, 2 cases of melanoma, and 1 case of peritoneal cancer. The objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), progress free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed, and the efficacy and related adverse reactions were evaluated. Results The adverse reactions of 54 patients could be evaluated. Non-hematological drug-related adverse reactions were most common with hypertension, hand-foot skin reaction and proteinuria, while hematologic drug-related adverse reactions were most common with leukopenia and thrombocytopenia. All patients were well tolerated. The incidence of drug-related adverse reactions in the 250 mg dose group was lower than that in the 500 mg dose group, and the incidence of grade Ⅰ-Ⅱhypertension between the two groups was statistically different (χ2 = 6.268, P= 0.012). Short-term efficacy:ORR of the patients in the 250 mg and 500 mg dose groups was 6.9% (2/29) and 12.0% (3/25), respectively;DCR was 41.4% (12/29) and 52.0% (13/25), respectively; and the 500 mg dose group was superior to the250 mg dose group, but the differences were not statistically significant (ORR: χ2= 0.416, P= 0.519; DCR:χ2= 0.609, P= 0.435). Long-term efficacy: the 500 mg dose group had a slight advantage over the 250 mg dose group in both median PFS time (3.9 months vs. 3.6 months) and median OS time (7.8 months vs. 7.6 months), but the differences were not statistically significant (PFS:χ2=0.472, P=0.492; OS:χ2=0.261, P=0.609). Conclusions Low-dose apatinib can be used to treat advanced malignant tumors. The drug-related adverse reactions are small, the curative effects are exact, the adverse reactions are easy to tolerate, and it is convenient for long-term use. Low-dose apatinib is one of the treatment options for advanced malignant tumors.

20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 477-480, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712855

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a serological detection method for EA-D-IgA antibody,and to evaluate its diagnostic efficacy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in different clinical stage.Methods EA-D-IgA antibody serological detection method was established by using the polypropylene microplate with eukaryotic expression product of BMRF1 whole gene fragment of EB virus.Fifteen early stage (stage Ⅰ and Ⅱ) and 48 advanced (stage Ⅲ and Ⅳ) patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma in Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital and Shanxi Dayi Hospital from April 2012 to August 2017,and serum samples from 40 patients with rhinitis who were treated at Shanxi Dayi Hospital from October 2016 to October 2017 were examined respectively by using the constructed EA-D-IgA antibody detection method.The positive detection rate of EA-D-IgA antibodies in different groups was calculated.When the patients with rhinitis were used as the differential control,the diagnostic efficacy of this index for different stages of nasopharyngeal carcinoma was evaluated.Results EA-D-IgA antibody serological method was successfully established.The positive detection rate of EA-D-IgA antibody in early nasopharyngeal carcinoma,advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma and rhinitis control was 60.0 % (10/15),68.3 % (33/48) and 5.0 % (2/40) respectively.The differences between early stage nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the rhinitis control,advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma and the rhinitis control were statistically significant (x2 =20.625,P =0.000;x2 =37.017,P =0.000).The difference between early nasopharyngeal carcinoma and advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma was not statistically significant (x2 =0.394,P =0.530).When compared with the patients with rhinitis,the diagnostic sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,negative predictive value was 60.0 % and 68.3 %,95.0 % and 95.0 %,81.8 % and 94.3 %,86.4 % and 71.7 % respectively in early nasopharyngeal carcinoma and advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.Conclusion The method constructed in this study effectively improves the efficacy of EA-D-IgA antibody detection in serological diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma,which can be used as an adjunct for early diagnosis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma,yet not as a reference for clinical staging.

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