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Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 361-377, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878567


Exoelectrogenic microorganisms are the research basis of microbial electrochemical technologies such as microbial fuel cells, electrolytic cells and electrosynthesis. However, their applications are restricted in organic degradation, power generation, seawater desalination, bioremediation, and biosensors due to the weak ability of biofilm formation and the low extracellular electron transfer (EET) efficiency between exoelectrogenic microorganisms and electrode. Therefore, engineering optimization of interaction between exoelectrogenic microorganisms and electrode interface recently has been the research focus. In this article, we review the updated progress in strategies for enhancing microbe-electrode interactions based on microbial engineering modifications, with a focus on the applicability and limitations of these strategies. In addition, we also address research prospects of enhancing the interaction between electroactive cells and electrodes.

Bioelectric Energy Sources , Biofilms , Electrodes , Electron Transport , Electrons
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504749


Objective To learn the epidemiological characteristics of syphilis in Shihezi in recent three years and to provide bases for prevention .Epidemiological analysis with syphilis was conducted in our hospital from 2012 to 2014 ,which is about the detection rate ,age ,gender ,and the distribution in the department .Methods Serum were deteceted by using three methods and the data were analyzed .Results 1 281 syphilis cases in 74 798 patients were detected in our hospital during this period .The total positve rate of three years was 1 .71% .The positve rate was 1 .35% ,1 .83% and 2 .01% respectively .The results of three years was significant differences(χ2 =39 .877 ,P0 .05) .The ca‐ses were mainly distributed in Han(581 ,45 .36% ) ,Uygur(43 ,3 .36% ) ,Kazak(23 ,1 .80% ) .353 cases were negative by RPR among 1 281 patients with syphilis(27 .56% ) ,and the negative rises year by year .Conclusion The incidence of syphilis increased slightly in Shihezi since 2012 .Though the detection rate between 2013 and 2014 was no significant difference .The focus was on 20- year′s old women of childbearing age .It is necessary to take strict measures to control the spread of syphilis and to do syphilis examina‐tion for all inpatients in order to prevent the infection of syphilis .

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280215


This paper is composed with the cardiac sound measurement and analysis system for in-home use of heart abnormality monitoring. The heart sound acquiring system is composed of a traditional chest-piece, earphone, microphone, and IC recorder. The recorded data is transmitted to a computer by USB interface for analysis based on the cardiac sound characteristic waveform (CSCW) method, which is extracted from an analytical model of single degree-of-freedom (SDOF). Furthermore, the characteristic parameters [T1, T2, T11, T12] are defined by the time intervals between the crossed points of the CSCW and a threshold value (THV), which are related to the first sound and the second sound and are used for discriminating normal and abnormal heart sounds. Also, an easy-understanding graphical representation for these parameters is considered, so that, even for an inexperienced user, he or she is able to monitor his or her cardiac status easily. Finally, a case study on the abnormal/normal cardiac sounds is demonstrated to validate the usefulness and efficiency of this proposed system and the cardiac sound characteristic waveform method.

Algorithms , Heart Auscultation , Heart Sounds , Physiology , Humans , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Software Design , Stethoscopes
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471943


Objective: To observe the clinical effect in the treatment of toothache by puncturing Hegu(LI 4). Methods: Two hundred and seventy-eight cases of the patients were randomly divided into the treatment group (139 cases) and the control group (139 cases). The treatment group was treated by puncturing Hegu (LI 4) with electric stimulation and the control group, by puncturing Chenshan (BL 57) with electric stimulation, for 3 days as one course of the treatment,to grade pain and observe the anesthetic effect respectively. Results: There was no significant difference in the remarkable effective rate between the two groups before withdrawal of the needle in the treatment for one day (P>0.05). In the other times, the remarkable effective rate was obviously higher in the treatment group than in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Acupuncture on Hegu (LI 4) is effective in treating toothache.