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1.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 598-604, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001275

ABSTRACT

Penetrating head injury is a serious open cranial injury. In civilians, it is often caused by non-missile, low velocity flying objects that penetrate the skull through a weak cranial structure, forming intracranial foreign bodies. The intracranial foreign body can be displaced due to its special quality, shape, and location. In this paper, we report a rare case of right-to-left displacement of an airgun lead bullet after transorbital entry into the skull complicated by posttraumatic epilepsy, as a reminder to colleagues that intracranial metal foreign bodies maybe displaced intraoperatively. In addition, we have found that the presence of intracranial metallic foreign bodies may be a factor for the posttraumatic epilepsy, and their timely removal appears to be beneficial for epilepsy control.

2.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1074-1079, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010908

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore lung ultrasound radiomics features which related to extravascular lung water index (EVLWI), and to predict EVLWI in critically ill patients based on lung ultrasound radiomics combined with machine learning and validate its effectiveness.@*METHODS@#A retrospective case-control study was conducted. The lung ultrasound videos and pulse indicated continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring results of critically ill patients admitted to the department of critical care medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from November 2021 to October 2022 were collected, and randomly divided into training set and validation set at 8:2. The corresponding images from lung ultrasound videos were obtained to extract radiomics features. The EVLWI measured by PiCCO was regarded as the "gold standard", and the radiomics features of training set was filtered through statistical analysis and LASSO algorithm. Eight machine learning models were trained using filtered radiomics features including random forest (RF), extreme gradient boost (XGBoost), decision tree (DT), Naive Bayes (NB), multi-layer perceptron (MLP), K-nearest neighbor (KNN), support vector machine (SVM), and Logistic regression (LR). Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to evaluate the predictive performance of models on EVLWI in the validation set.@*RESULTS@#A total of 151 samples from 30 patients were enrolled (including 906 lung ultrasound videos and 151 PiCCO monitoring results), 120 in the training set, and 31 in the validation set. There were no statistically significant differences in main baseline data including gender, age, body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), heart rate (HR), cardiac index (CI), cardiac function index (CFI), stroke volume index (SVI), global end diastolic volume index (GEDVI), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI) and EVLWI. The overall EVLWI range in 151 PiCCO monitoring results was 3.7-25.6 mL/kg. Layered analysis showed that both datasets had EVLWI in the 7-15 mL/kg interval, and there was no statistically significant difference in EVLWI distribution. Two radiomics features were selected by using LASSO algorithm, namely grayscale non-uniformity (weight was -0.006 464) and complexity (weight was -0.167 583), and they were used for modeling. ROC curve analysis showed that the MLP model had better predictive performance. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of the prediction validation set EVLWI was higher than that of RF, XGBoost, DT, KNN, LR, SVM, NB models (0.682 vs. 0.658, 0.657, 0.614, 0.608, 0.596, 0.557, 0.472).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The gray level non-uniformity and complexity of lung ultrasound were the most correlated radiomics features with EVLWI monitored by PiCCO. The MLP model based on gray level non-uniformity and complexity of lung ultrasound can be used for semi-quantitative prediction of EVLWI in critically ill patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Extravascular Lung Water/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Critical Illness , Case-Control Studies , Bayes Theorem , China , Lung/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 792-796, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866911

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical characteristics of patients with severe abdominal infection and the epidemiological characteristics of pathogenic bacteria in a hospital, to provide a basis for rational use of antibiotics and reduce the drug resistance rate of pathogens.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 237 patients with abdominal disease as the primary disease admitted to the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from January 1st, 2017 to December 31st, 2019. They were divided into two groups according to whether abdominal infection occurred or not. The clinical features of patients in both groups were analyzed, including gender, age, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score, chronic underlying diseases, primary abdominal site, abdominal trauma or bleeding, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) involving organs and surgical treatment. At the same time, the bacterial origin, bacterial distribution and antibiotics sensitivity test results of patients with abdominal infection were recorded.Results:Abdominal infection occurred in 141 of the 237 patients and did not occur in the remaining 96 patients. There were no statistically significant differences between the abdominal infection group and the non-abdominal infection group in terms of gender, age, chronic underlying diseases, etiology and trauma. The APACHE Ⅱ score in the abdominal infection group was obviously higher than that of the non-abdominal infection group (24.0±8.1 vs. 17.1±5.8, P < 0.01). Incidences of abdominal bleeding, MODS involving four or more organs, surgery and the times of surgery ≥ 3 in the abdominal infection group were significantly higher than those in the non-abdominal infection group (36.2% vs. 17.7%, 20.6% vs. 1.0%, 84.4% vs. 21.9%, 9.3% vs. 0%, all P < 0.05). Among the 141 patients with abdominal infection, 107 obtained positive microbial culture results, and a total of 133 pathogenic strains were detected, including 115 strains of bacteria (86.5%) and 18 strains of fungi (13.5%). The main source of bacteria was abdominal drainage (46.1% of non-bloody specimens and 13.9% of bloody specimens). Among the 115 bacteria, Gram-negative (G -) bacteria were the most common (72.2%) and Gram-positive (G +) bacteria accounted for 27.8%. Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter baumannii were the top two G - bacteria (40.9% and 13.9%, respectively), and enterococcus faecalis accounted for the largest proportion of G + bacteria (7.8%). The pathogenic bacteria of abdominal infection were sensitive to tigacycline. Conclusions:The patients with abdominal infection in our hospital had high APACHE Ⅱ score, more organs failure and were easily complicated with intraperitoneal hemorrhage and required surgical intervention and even repeated surgery. The pathogenic bacteria in patients with abdominal infection in ICU were mainly G - bacteria, and the rate of multi-drug resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii was high. Empirical anti-infective treatment should be started as soon as possible according to the microbial spectrum of the region until the pathogenic bacteria results are obtained. Broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy and combined antimicrobial therapy are recommended for the healthcare acquired abdominal infection in hospital.

4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 108-118, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734705

ABSTRACT

To establish the experts consensus on the management of delirium in critically ill patients.A special committee was set up by 15 experts from the Chinese Critical Hypothermia-Sedation Therapy Study Group.Each statement was assessed based on the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment,Development,and Evaluation) principle.Then the Delphi method was adopted by 36 experts to reassess all the statements.(1) Delirium is not only a mental change,but also a clinical syndrome with multiple pathophysiological changes.(2) Delirium is a form of disturbance of consciousness and a manifestation of abnormal brain function.(3) Pain is a common cause of delirium in critically ill patients.Analgesia can reduce the occurrence and development of delirium.(4) Anxiety or depression are important factors for delirium in critically ill patients.(5) The correlation between sedative and analgesic drugs and delirium is uncertain.(6) Pay attention to the relationship between delirium and withdrawal reactions.(7) Pay attention to the relationship between delirium and drug dependence/ withdrawal reactions.(8) Sleep disruption can induce delirium.(9) We should be vigilant against potential risk factors for persistent or recurrent delirium.(10) Critically illness related delirium can affect the diagnosis and treatment of primary diseases,and can also be alleviated with the improvement of primary diseases.(11) Acute change of consciousness and attention deficit are necessary for delirium diagnosis.(12) The combined assessment of confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit and intensive care delirium screening checklist can improve the sensitivity of delirium,especially subclinical delirium.(13) Early identification and intervention of subclinical delirium can reduce its risk of clinical delirium.(14) Daily assessment is helpful for early detection of delirium.(15) Hopoactive delirium and mixed delirium are common and should be emphasized.(16) Delirium may be accompanied by changes in electroencephalogram.Bedside electroencephalogram monitoring should be used in the ICU if conditions warrant.(17) Pay attention to differential diagnosis of delirium and dementia/depression.(18) Pay attention to the role of rapid delirium screening method in delirium management.(19) Assessment of the severity of delirium is an essential part of the diagnosis of delirium.(20) The key to the management of delirium is etiological treatment.(21) Improving environmental factors and making patient comfort can help reduce delirium.(22) Early exercise can reduce the incidence of delirium and shorten the duration of delirium.(23) Communication with patients should be emphasized and strengthened.Family members participation can help reduce the incidence of delirium and promote the recovery of delirium.(24) Pay attention to the role of sleep management in the prevention and treatment of delirium.(25) Dexmedetomidine can shorten the duration of hyperactive delirium or prevent delirium.(26) When using antipsychotics to treat delirium,we should be alert to its effect on the heart rhythm.(27) Delirium management should pay attention to brain functional exercise.(28) Compared with non-critically illness related delirium,the relief of critically illness related delirium will not accomplished at one stroke.(29) Multiple management strategies such as ABCDEF,eCASH and ESCAPE are helpful to prevent and treat delirium and improve the prognosis of critically ill patients.(30) Shortening the duration of delirium can reduce the occurrence of long-term cognitive impairment.(31) Multidisciplinary cooperation and continuous quality improvement can improve delirium management.Consensus can promote delirium management in critically ill patients,optimize analgesia and sedation therapy,and even affect prognosis.

5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1435-1439, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824220

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of mild hypothermia on the incidence of post-stroke infection and explore the relationship between mild hypothermia and outcome of stroke patients by using propensity score matching. Methods Patients hospitalized in department of intensive care unit (ICU), neurology and neurosurgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University due to stroke from March 2012 to April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether or not mild hypothermia was provided, they were divided into the normal thermic group (NT group) and mild hypothermia treatment group (MHT group). The MHT group patients were matched with the NT group patients by the propensity score matching method at a ratio of 1:1. The observation period was within the first 7 days after admission. Baseline characteristics including age, gender, type of stroke, comorbidities, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) score and Glasgow coma score (GCS) on admission, surgical operation, dysphagia, invasive procedures and outcomes of these patients had been analyzed. The primary outcome was incidence of post-stroke infection, and the secondary outcomes included the time of initial infection (TII, the duration from stroke to initial infection), hospital mortality, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) at discharge, incidence of complications such as arrhythmia, coagulation dysfunction and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). Results 201 stroke patients were enrolled, 41.8% (84/201) of whom underwent mild hypothermia. Comparison with NT group before matching, there were more males in MHT group (71.4% vs. 56.4%), the proportion of surgical operation, mechanical ventilation, deep vein catheterization and gastric catheterization were higher (78.6% vs. 54.7%, 84.5% vs. 39.3%, 90.5% vs. 37.6%, 98.8% vs. 70.9%), and so as incidence of infection (90.5% vs. 72.6%), in-hospital mortality (27.4% vs. 12.8%) and TII [hours: 62.00 (35.25, 93.00) vs. 42.00 (28.50, 69.50)]. All the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Fifty-three patients in the MHT group were matched with 53 patients in the NT group. After matching, there was no significant difference in 15 baseline characteristics between two groups.Significant differences in infection and hospital mortality between the MHT group and NT groups disappeared (92.5% vs. 88.7%, 22.6% vs. 26.4%, both P > 0.05), while TII of MHT group was longer than that of the NT group [hours:62.00 (40.75, 92.25) vs. 40.00 (28.00, 63.00), P = 0.000]. There were no statistically significant differences in SOFA score or complications between the two groups either before or after matching. Conclusion Mild hypothermia had no significant effect on the incidence of post-stroke infection and hospital mortality, it could delay the occurrence of infection and provide longer duration of treatment.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1435-1439, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800004

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of mild hypothermia on the incidence of post-stroke infection and explore the relationship between mild hypothermia and outcome of stroke patients by using propensity score matching.@*Methods@#Patients hospitalized in department of intensive care unit (ICU), neurology and neurosurgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University due to stroke from March 2012 to April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether or not mild hypothermia was provided, they were divided into the normal thermic group (NT group) and mild hypothermia treatment group (MHT group). The MHT group patients were matched with the NT group patients by the propensity score matching method at a ratio of 1∶1. The observation period was within the first 7 days after admission. Baseline characteristics including age, gender, type of stroke, comorbidities, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) score and Glasgow coma score (GCS) on admission, surgical operation, dysphagia, invasive procedures and outcomes of these patients had been analyzed. The primary outcome was incidence of post-stroke infection, and the secondary outcomes included the time of initial infection (TII, the duration from stroke to initial infection), hospital mortality, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) at discharge, incidence of complications such as arrhythmia, coagulation dysfunction and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS).@*Results@#201 stroke patients were enrolled, 41.8% (84/201) of whom underwent mild hypothermia. Comparison with NT group before matching, there were more males in MHT group (71.4% vs. 56.4%), the proportion of surgical operation, mechanical ventilation, deep vein catheterization and gastric catheterization were higher (78.6% vs. 54.7%, 84.5% vs. 39.3%, 90.5% vs. 37.6%, 98.8% vs. 70.9%), and so as incidence of infection (90.5% vs. 72.6%), in-hospital mortality (27.4% vs. 12.8%) and TII [hours: 62.00 (35.25, 93.00) vs. 42.00 (28.50, 69.50)]. All the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Fifty-three patients in the MHT group were matched with 53 patients in the NT group. After matching, there was no significant difference in 15 baseline characteristics between two groups. Significant differences in infection and hospital mortality between the MHT group and NT groups disappeared (92.5% vs. 88.7%, 22.6% vs. 26.4%, both P > 0.05), while TII of MHT group was longer than that of the NT group [hours: 62.00 (40.75, 92.25) vs. 40.00 (28.00, 63.00), P = 0.000]. There were no statistically significant differences in SOFA score or complications between the two groups either before or after matching.@*Conclusion@#Mild hypothermia had no significant effect on the incidence of post-stroke infection and hospital mortality, it could delay the occurrence of infection and provide longer duration of treatment.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 8-11, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide references and suggestions for expiration date management of dismounted drugs in China.METHODS:The main contents about compliance policy for expiration date of repackaged drugs in America were summarized.The current situation and problems of expiration date management of dismounted drugs in China were analyzed to provide suggestions for standardizing expiration date management of dismounted drugs in China.RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS:The compliance policy for expiration date of repackaged drugs in America contain determination principle of expiration date of repackaged drugs,repackaged container standard,etc.In contrast,the expiration date management of dismounted drugs in China is lack of specific standards and requirements;major issues are as follows as the concept of expiration date of dismounted drugs is ambiguous and container management is not standardized.It is suggested that relevant departments can refer to compliance policy for expiration date of repackaged drugs in America,define the method of determining the expiration date of the dismounted drugs,and standardize the standards and management of packaging containers so as to standardize expiration date management of dismounted drugs in China practically.

8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 151-155, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703614

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanisms of protective effects of dexmedetomidine on lungs in patients of sepsis complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods The adult patients with sepsis complicated with ARDS, the oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was 150-200 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ (APACHEⅡ) score was 10-20, need mechanical ventilation (MV) treatment > 72 hours, and admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from September 2013 to June 2017 were enrolled. According to the random number table method, the patients were divided into three groups (n = 80): no sedation group, propofol group (0.3-4.0 mg·kg-1·h-1) and dexmedetomidine group (0.2-0.7 μg·kg-1·h-1). The three groups were adequately analgesic treated with remifentanil. The sedation target was -1-0 of Richmond agitation-sedation score (RASS). The levels of interlenkin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (INF-α) were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) before sedation, and 24, 48, 72 hours after sedation. The expressions of inflammatory signaling proteins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were determined by Western Blot before sedation and 72 hours after sedation. Results There were no significant changes for inflammatory factors in serum, and inflammatory signaling proteins and anti-apoptotic signaling proteins in alveolar exfoliated cells in no sedation group. The levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in serum and the expressions of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinase (p-JNK) in alveolar cells in propofol group and dexmedetomidine group were all significantly reduced after sedation, moreover, it was more significantly in the dexmedetomidine group compared with propofol group [48 hours: TNF-α (ng/L) was 153.76±29.16 vs. 179.82±30.28;72 hours: IL-6 (ng/L) was 272.18±42.76 vs. 304.49±44.93, TNF-α (ng/L) was 102.18±30.25 vs. 140.28±28.92, TLR4 (IA value) was 0.288±0.034 vs. 0.648±0.029, MyD88 (IA value): 0.356±0.030 vs. 0.752±0.044, p-JNK (IA value): 0.256±0.027 vs. 0.303±0.034, all 1 < 0.05]. The expression of p-Akt in alveolar cells in propofol group and dexmedetomidine group was all significant increased after sedation, moreover, it was more significantly in the dexmedetomidine group compared with propofol group (IA value: 1.032±0.030 vs. 0.743±0.028, 1 < 0.05). Conclusion Dexmedetomidine exerts the protective effects on lungs in patients of sepsis complicated with ARDS through the TLR4-MyD88-JNK signaling pathway.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 775-779, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501991

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the influence of mild hypothermia on pulmonary vascular permeability in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) induced by infection.Methods A prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted.Patients with ARDS induced by infection satisfied criteria including age 18-70 years,endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation (MV),and without severe coagulation disorder admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from May 2012 to November 2015 were enrolled,excluding tumor,burn,cardiac disease,vascular disease,and endovascular surgery within 3 months.The patients enrolled were randomly divided into non-temperature controlled group and mild hypothermia group.The primary diseases in all patients were treated according to the treating principles,including respiratory support,integrated treatment of organ support and symptomatic treatment.Besides,the patients in the mild hypothermia group were administered with systemic hypothermia,and the patients' core body temperature (nasopharyngeal temperature) was rapidly decreased to 34-35 ℃ within 1 hour.Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score,oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2),extravascular lung water index (EVLWI) and pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI) in two groups at 1,24,48,and 72 hours after treatment or core temperature up to standards were monitored respectively.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in venous blood as well as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and surfactant apoprotein A (SP-A) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF),and circulating endothelial cell (CEC) was counted.The duration of mechanical ventilation and 7-day survival rate were recorded.Results Fifty-six patients were enrolled,with 32 in non-temperature controlled group and 24 in mild hypothermia group.There was no difference in baseline variables including gender,age,APACHE Ⅱ score,PaO2/FiO2 between two groups.APACHE Ⅱ score,EVLWI,PVPI,VEGF,CEC,and TNF-α in both groups were gradually increased with treatment time prolongation,and PaO2/FiO2 and SP-A were gradually decreased.Compared with non-temperature controlled group,APACHE Ⅱ score (16.34±4.27 vs.19.24 ± 5.95),EVLWI (mL/kg:12.17 ± 2.26 vs.12.39 ± 4.71),PVPI (15.40 ± 10.95 vs.16.08 ± 10.24),VEGF (ng/L:127.92 ± 31.49 vs.159.12 ± 40.67),CEC (cells/μL:4.15 ± 1.79 vs.5.70 ± 2.38),and TNF-α (ng/L:147.18 ± 48.85 vs.257.17 ±40.84) in mild hypothermia group were significantly decreased from 24 hours (all P < 0.05),and PaO2/FiO2 [mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa):175.03± 12.64 vs.162.53 ± 14.15] and SP-A (μg/L:80.85 ± 16.18 vs.62.06 ± 17.28) were significantly increased (both P < 0.05),the duration of mechanical ventilation was significantly shortened (days:10.38 ± 1.50 vs.15.74 ± 3.06,P < 0.01),and 7-day survival rate was significantly increased (75.0% vs.46.9%,P < 0.05).Conclusion Mild hypothermia can reduce the pulmonary vascular permeability,and improve pulmonary function in early phase in patients with ARDS,as well as shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation,and decrease short-term mortality.

10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 153-158, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488146

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the results of thrombelastography (TEG) and the conventional coagulability test in patients with sepsis, and to discuss the value of TEG in monitoring blood coagulation dysfunction in patients with sepsis. Methods The clinical data of 92 adult patients with sepsis admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score ≥ 12 group (n = 47) and SOFA 0.05; K value (minutes): 4.2 (3.4, 7.1) vs. 1.5 (1.3, 1.8), P < 0.01]. The α angle, maximum amplitude (MA) and coagulation index (CI) in SOFA < 12 group were higher than those of the non-sepsis group [α angle (° ): 73.3 (68.5, 74.7) vs. 66.8 (62.2, 69.0), P < 0.01; MA (mm): 71.7 (61.9, 73.3) vs. 60.3 (58.2, 63.8), P < 0.01; CI: 3.1 (-0.1, 3.9) vs. 0.9 (-0.4, 1.3), P < 0.05], while they were lower in SOFA ≥ 12 group than those of the non-sepsis group [α angle (° ): 48.1 (36.6, 53.0) vs. 66.8 (62.2, 69.0), P < 0.01; MA (mm): 37.8 (30.0, 45.7) vs. 60.3 (58.2, 63.8), P < 0.01; CI: -5.6 (-8.4, -3.6) vs. 0.9 (-0.4, 1.3), P < 0.01]. The above results indicated that TEG could distinguish quickly the hypercoagulability and hypocoagulability status in septic patients. PCT in non-sepsis, SOFA < 12, and SOFA ≥ 12 groups were 0.27 (0.05, 1.80), 0.68 (0.10, 10.00), 41.10 (4.24, 100.00) μg/L respectively (Z = 195.475, P = 0.000), which indicate the severity of infectious disease. Correlation analysis results showed that SOFA score was negatively correlated with PLT, α angle, MA, and CI (r value was -0.853, -0.833, -0.881, and -0.859, respectively, all P = 0.000), and it was positively correlated with activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), D-dimer, R value, K value, and PCT (r value was 0.381, 0.561, 0.587, 0.831, 0.775, respectively, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), and non correlations was founded with PT, fibrinogen (FBG), and INR (r1 = 0.211, P1 = 0.233; r2 = -0.252, P2 = 0.142; r3 = 0.248, P3 = 0.148). Conclusions TEG can effectively monitor the change in coagulation in patients with sepsis, and distinguish the hypercoagulable and hypocoagulable state. TEG may be a valuable tool to evaluate degree and risk of sepsis objectively.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 815-820, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473899

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of hypothermia on the expression Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2),myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88),nuclear factor-κBp65(NF-κBp65),plasminogen activator inhibitor-1(PAI-1)in the TLR2/MyD88 pathway in rats with acute lung injury(ALI)induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)inhalation. Methods Ninety male Sprague-Dawley(SD)rats were randomly divided into control group (n=18),hypothermia group(n=24),temperature controlled group(n=24),and temperature-uncontrolled group(n=24). The ALI model was reproduced by 0.5 mL/kg LPS intratracheal instillation,while only normal saline was instilled intratracheally for control group. Arterial blood was collected and physical cooling was started 1 hour after instillation. The body temperature was lowered to 32-34 ℃in hypothermia group and 36-37 ℃in temperature controlled group,and no intervention was used for temperature-uncontrolled group and control group. The arterial blood gas was determined in all the groups before and 1 hour after instillation of saline or LPS and 1,6, 12 hours after intervention. Rats were sacrificed respectively at 1,6 and 12 hours after temperature control therapy, the morphological changes in lung tissue were observed under light microscope. The protein expression of PAI-1 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF)was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). TLR2 mRNA and MyD88 mRNA transcriptional level were determined by reverse transcription-polymeras chain reaction (RT-PCR). NF-κBp65 protein level was determined by Western Blot. Results After instillation of LPS,the oxygenation index(PaO2/FiO2)of each group was decreased obviously,the damage of lung tissues was aggravating,the lung injury score was increased significantly,PAI-1 protein in BALF and the expressions of TLR2 mRNA,MyD88 mRNA, NF-κBp65 protein in lung tissues were increased obviously. Each index was improved by therapeutic Hypothermia, the effect of which was best in using a cooling period in the 1-6 hours,while might be benefit at 6-12 hours. Compared with temperature controlled group,PaO2/FiO2(mmHg,1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)at 1 hour and 6 hours of hypothermia group was improved(1 hour:402.49±38.61 vs. 324.36±28.93,6 hours:349.72±98.20 vs. 284.35±13.68, both P<0.01),the lung injury score at 1,6 and 12 hours were significantly decreased(1 hour:6.04±0.74 vs. 7.96±0.65,6 hours:9.09±0.80 vs. 13.13±1.02,12 hours:10.79±1.42 vs. 13.42±0.68,all P<0.01),the PAI-1 protein(ng/L)in BALF at 1,6 and 12 hours were significantly decreased(1 hour:121.36±4.62 vs. 197.74±9.42, 6 hours:230.53±10.76 vs. 294.06±16.60,12 hours:270.48±13.20 vs. 319.40±10.24,all P<0.01),TLR2 mRNA and MyD88 mRNA expressions(2-ΔΔCt)in the lung tissues at 1,6 and 12 hours were significantly decreased (TLR2 mRNA 1 hour:2.18±0.26 vs. 3.04±0.39,6 hours:4.09±0.29 vs. 4.90±0.35,12 hours:6.02±0.43 vs. 7.10±0.54;MyD88 mRNA 1 hour:2.25±0.41 vs. 3.04±0.30,6 hours:5.67±0.55 vs. 7.01±0.76,12 hours:7.14±0.60 vs. 8.87±0.54,all P<0.01),NF-κBp65 protein expression(A value)at 6 hours and 12 hours was significantly decreased(6 hours:0.31±0.08 vs. 0.53±0.12,12 hours:1.05±0.17 vs. 1.76±0.35,both P<0.01). There was no difference in each index between temperature controlled group and temperature-uncontrolled group. Conclusion Hypothermia can down-regulate the expression of TLR2 mRNA,MyD88 mRNA,NF-κBp65 protein and PAI-1 in the TLR2/MyD88 pathway to protect lung tissue of rats with ALI induced by LPS inhalation from injury.

12.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 571-5, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634991

ABSTRACT

The neural stem cells in Wistar rats were cultured in vitro, purified, and transplanted into C6 glioma model in order to observe their biological characters and provide a basic foundation for treatment of neurological diseases by neural stem cell transplantation. The cells at hippocampal area from gestation 15-day rats were cultured in vitro, and frozen and preserved in liquid nitrogen. C6 tumor-bearing models (n=25) and neural stem cells transplantation models (n=35) were established. When the tumor grew to 3 to 4 weeks, 5 rats in each group were randomly selected for MRI examination. At different intervals, the rats were perfused and sampled for HE staining, GFAP and BrdU immunohistochemical staining. The results showed that after resuscitation of neural stem cells at 1-4 passages, the cell viability was 40%-63% with the difference being not significant. The cells could proliferate, passage, and most cells transplanted into glioma model survived. The mean survival time in neural stem cell transplantation group and control was 4.28 and 3.88 weeks respectively, and the average tumor size in the former was smaller than in the latter. It was concluded that embryonic neural stem cells in rats could proliferate and differentiate, and after resuscitation the biological characteristic and viability of the cells were not influenced. Neural stem cells had inhibitory effects on the growth of glioma cells and could prolong the survival of rat model.


Subject(s)
Brain/cytology , Brain Neoplasms/therapy , Cells, Cultured , Embryonic Stem Cells/cytology , Embryonic Stem Cells/transplantation , Glioma/therapy , Neoplasm Transplantation , Neurons/cytology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Stem Cell Transplantation
13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 571-575, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238693

ABSTRACT

The neural stem cells in Wistar rats were cultured in vitro, purified, and transplanted into C6 glioma model in order to observe their biological characters and provide a basic foundation for treatment of neurological diseases by neural stem cell transplantation. The cells at hippocampal area from gestation 15-day rats were cultured in vitro, and frozen and preserved in liquid nitrogen. C6 tu-mor-bearing models (n=25) and neural stem cells transplantation models (n=35) were established.When the tumor grew to 3 to 4 weeks,5 rats in each group were randomly selected for MRI examina-tion. At different intervals, the rats were perfused and sampled for HE staining, GFAP and BrdU im-munohistochemical staining. The results showed that after resuscitation of neural stem cells at 1-4 passages, the cell viability was 40%-63% with the difference being not significant. The cells could proliferate, passage, and most cells transplanted into glioma model survived. The mean survival time in neural stem cell transplantation group and control was 4.28 and 3.88 weeks respectively, and the average tumor size in the former was smaller than in the latter. It was concluded that embryonic neu- ral stem cells in rats could proliferate and differentiate, and after resuscitation the biological charac- teristic and viability of the cells were not influenced. Neural stem cells had inhibitory effects on the growth of glioma cells and could prolong the survival of rat model.

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