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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 40-45, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the accuracy and effectiveness of orthopaedic robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery versus open surgery for limb osteoid osteoma.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 36 patients with limb osteoid osteomas admitted between June 2016 and June 2023 was retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 16 patients underwent orthopaedic robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery (robot-assisted surgery group), and 20 patients underwent tumor resection after lotcated by C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy (open surgery group). There was no significant difference between the two groups in the gender, age, lesion site, tumor nidus diameter, and preoperative pain visual analogue scale (VAS) scores ( P>0.05). The operation time, lesion resection time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, lesion resection accuracy, and postoperative analgesic use frequency were recorded and compared between the two groups. The VAS scores for pain severity were compared preoperatively and at 3 days and 3 months postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the open surgery group, the robot-assisted surgery group had a longer operation time, less intraoperative blood loss, less fluoroscopy frequency, less postoperative analgesic use frequency, and higher lesion resection accuracy ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in lesion resection time ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up after surgery, with a follow-up period of 3-24 months (median, 12 months) in the two groups. No postoperative complication such as wound infection or fracture occurred in either group during follow-up. No tumor recurrence was observed during follow-up. The VAS scores significantly improved in both groups at 3 days and 3 months after surgery when compared with preoperative value ( P<0.05). The VAS score at 3 days after surgery was significantly lower in robot-assisted surgery group than that in open surgery group ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in VAS scores at 3 months between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with open surgery, robot-assisted resection of limb osteoid osteomas has longer operation time, but the accuracy of lesion resection improve, intraoperative blood loss reduce, and early postoperative pain is lighter. It has the advantages of precision and minimally invasive surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Robotics , Osteoma, Osteoid/surgery , Orthopedics , Blood Loss, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Bone Neoplasms/surgery , Analgesics , Treatment Outcome
2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 394-398, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the curative effect of biofeedback combined with oral Liumo Decoction on functional constipation (FC) and qi constipation syndrome.Methods:According to random number table method, 120 patients with FC of qi constipation meeting inclusion criteria in Beijing Rectum Hospital were divided into two groups between January 2018 and December 2019, 60 in each group. The control group was treated with biofeedback, while the observation group was additionally treated with oral Liumo Decoction. All were treated for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, TCM syndromes were scored and recorded. The resting anal pressure (RAP) was detected. The anal maximal contraction pressure (AMCP) was detected by forced systolic anus. In relaxation status, gas was injected into rectal balloon to record the rectal sensation threshold (RST) and rectal maximum tolerance (RMT). The levels of serum substance P and NO were detected by double-antibody sandwich ELISA and immunoturbidimetry. The adverse events were recorded, and clinical curative effect was evaluated.Results:The differences in total response rate between the observation group and the control group was statistically significant [89.3% (50/56) vs. 64.4% (38/59)] ( χ 2=9.90, P=0.002). After treatment, scores of TCM syndromes in observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=-15.36, P<0.01). After treatment, the RAP [(48.31±4.15) mmHg vs. (53.64±5.46) mmHg, t=-5.88], RST [(30.14±3.17) ml vs. (35.42±3.12) ml, t=-9.00] and RMT [(154.21±15.27) ml vs. (160.61±16.38)ml, t=-2.16] in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05), while AMCP [(156.67 ± 15.62) mmHg vs. (132.26 ± 13.21) mmHg, t=9.07] was significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.01). After treatment, the substance P in observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group ( t=9.08, P<0.01), while NO was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=-6.58, P<0.01). There were no serious adverse events during treatment in either group. Conclusion:Biofeedback combined with oral Liumo Decoction can alleviate clinical symptoms, improve anorectal dynamics indexes and regulate levels of enteric neurotransmitters in patients with FC of qi constipation with safety.

3.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3915-3916,3919, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658562

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of TAZ in peripheral blood and tumor tissue of the patients with colorectal cancer and to analyze their relationship and clinical significance.Methods Eighty-five cases of pathologically verified colorectal cancer treated by radical operation were selected as the operation group,and 35 cases with postoperative relapse served as the recurrent group.Meanwhile 50 age and sex-matched healthy persons were selected as the control group.The immunohistochemical(SP)technique was adopted to detect the expression of TAZ in tumor tissues and expression of TAZ in peripheral blood was tested with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).Results The level of preoperative TAZ in peripheral blood of the operation group was significantly higher than that of the control group(P<0.05).The level of peripheral blood TAZ after operation in the operation group had no significant change compared with the control group (P>0.05).The level of peripheral blood TAZ in the recurrent group was significantly higher than preoperative level of operation group(P<0.05).The expression of tumor tissue TAZ was significantly higher than that of normal mucosal tissue(P<0.05);the expression of tumor tissue TAZ in the recurrent group was higher than that in the operation group(P<0.05).The tumor tissue TAZ level in the operation group and recurrent group had obvious correlation with peripheral blood TAZ level(P<0.05).Conclusion Monitoring the TAZ level has obvious reference value for predicting colorectal cancer staging and timely understanding tumor recurrence.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3915-3916,3919, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661481

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of TAZ in peripheral blood and tumor tissue of the patients with colorectal cancer and to analyze their relationship and clinical significance.Methods Eighty-five cases of pathologically verified colorectal cancer treated by radical operation were selected as the operation group,and 35 cases with postoperative relapse served as the recurrent group.Meanwhile 50 age and sex-matched healthy persons were selected as the control group.The immunohistochemical(SP)technique was adopted to detect the expression of TAZ in tumor tissues and expression of TAZ in peripheral blood was tested with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA).Results The level of preoperative TAZ in peripheral blood of the operation group was significantly higher than that of the control group(P<0.05).The level of peripheral blood TAZ after operation in the operation group had no significant change compared with the control group (P>0.05).The level of peripheral blood TAZ in the recurrent group was significantly higher than preoperative level of operation group(P<0.05).The expression of tumor tissue TAZ was significantly higher than that of normal mucosal tissue(P<0.05);the expression of tumor tissue TAZ in the recurrent group was higher than that in the operation group(P<0.05).The tumor tissue TAZ level in the operation group and recurrent group had obvious correlation with peripheral blood TAZ level(P<0.05).Conclusion Monitoring the TAZ level has obvious reference value for predicting colorectal cancer staging and timely understanding tumor recurrence.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 624-627, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467901

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the c1inicopatho1ogica1 and immunohistochemica1 characteristics of enteropathy-associated T-ce11 1ymphoma( EATL)and to eva1uate the criteria of diagnosis and differentia1 diagnosis. Methods There were enteropathy-associated T-ce11 1ymphoma patients co11ected with c1inica1 data(n=9). Histo1ogica1 features were observed under microscope by HE staining and by immunohistochemstry. EBV was tested by in situ hybridization. Results EATL type Ⅰ showed a variab1e histo1ogy consisting of medium-sized to 1arge 1ymphoid ce11s with round or po1ygona1 nuc1ei,containing remarkab1e nuc1eo1i. EATL typeⅡshowed that tumor ce11s were medium-sized,with round,hyperchromatic nuc1ei. Nuc1ear debris and necrosis cou1d be seen easi1y. A 1arge number of his-tiocytes and neutrophi1s formed the inf1ammatory background. Immunohistochemica1 findings showed that tumor ce11s of two types were diffuse1y positive for CD3,CD43 and TIA-1,whi1e negative for CD4,CD5,CD20,CD79a. Tumor ce11s of EATL type II expressed CD56 and CD8,but negative in EATL typeⅠ. A high pro1iferation index was demonstrated by Ki-67. EBER was negative detection. There were seven patients with fo11ow-up data from 0 to 18 months. Four patients died within 10 months and three patients died within 18 months. Conclusions EATL is a rare type of 1ymphoma with intestina1 invo1vement. Patients often present with chronic abdomina1 pain,diarrhea,persistent fever and abdomina1 mass for a 1ong time. Intestina1 perforation occurs in some cases. Diagnosis shou1d be corre1ated to c1inica1 symptoms whi1e the fina1 diagnosis is main1y based on the patho1ogica1 features and the immune phenotypes.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 227-230, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443794

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence and significance of DHA on expression of angiogenesis-related genes in SGC7901 cells. Methods:SGC7901 were treated with DHA (5, 10, 20, 40, and 80μmol/l) for different times (24, 48, and 72 h), and the growth inhibition was detected by MTT. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-C), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), and PTEN mRNA were detected by fluorescence-based quantitative poly-merase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Their corresponding protein levels were tested by Western blot. Results:DHA significantly inhibited the growth of SGC7901 cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner (P<0.05). The expression of the angiogenesis-related genes signifi-cantly changed, as shown by RT-PCR and Western blot analyses. Compared with the control group, the expressions of VEGF-C, COX-2, and VCAM-1 were down-regulated, whereas the expressions of PTEN were up-regulated, after DHA treatment (P<0.05). Con-clusion:DHA inhibits cell growth in gastric cancer SGC7901 cells. The effect may be due to its reduction of VEGF-C, COX-2, and VCAM-1 gene expression, as well as its promotion of PTEN expression in gastric cancer cells.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6409-6416, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438518

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The reported time of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s induced to differentiate into chondrocytes is different. Few studies have observed and compared the cel s’ dynamic transformation during the induction process. OBJECTIVE:To observe the dynamic differentiation and the mature time of rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s which were directional y induced to chondroblasts for 8, 11, 14, 17, 20 days. METHODS:Bone marrow was aspirated from the femur of New Zeal rabbits, and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s were isolated by gradient centrifugation. After cultivation and amplification, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s at passage 3 were directional y induced to chondrocytes by the serum-free medium containing transforming growth factor beta-1. The experiments were divided into five groups according to different induction time points:8 days, 11 days, 14 days, 17 days, 20 days. Then cel ular morphology, toluidine blue staining, typeⅡ col agen immunohistochemistry, aggrecan content in induction medium, and chondrogenic differentiation in each group were observed and compared. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s had apparently transformed in morphology at 8 days of induction, and presented obvious chondrocytes’ morphology at 14 days. The aggrecan in induction medium could be detected at a low level at 4 days, significantly increased at 8 days, and maintained slow increasing at 20 days. At 14 days, the metachromatic particles could be found by toluidine blue staining, and the col agen type Ⅱimmunohistochemistry was significantly positive in cel climbing slice. Experimental findings indicate that, bone marrow mesenchymal stem cel s that are monolayer cultured in a high density can be induced into chondroblasts at the effect of transforming growth factor beta-1 and other factors. There are a few chondroblasts in the early induction process, then cel s begin to have chondrocytes morphology and function after induced for 8 days, and may differentiate to mature chondrocytes at 14 days. In addition, they can keep a high biological activity in the induction process.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 579-582, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430645

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) on the proliferation of gastric cancer cell line SGC7901 and its mechanism.Methods SGC7901 cells were divided into the DHA group and the control group.SGC7901 cells in the DHA group were treated with DHA of different concentrations (6.25,12.50,25.00,50.00,100.00 μmol/L),SGC7901 cells in the control group were cultured in the 0.1% DMSO medium.The proliferation of SGC7901 cells was detected by the MTF method at different time points (24,48,72 hours).Cell cycles of SGC7901 in the DHA group were observed by flow cytometry at 24 hours after treatment.The expressions of Cyclin A,Cyclin D1,Cyclin E,Cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4) and P16 were detected by Western blot after treating SGC7901 with DHA at concentration of 100μmol/L for 24 hours.The interaction between CDK4 with Cyclin D1 or P16 was examined using the co-immunoprecipitation assay.All data were analyzed using the one-way analysis of variance or the t test.Results The proliferation of SGC7901 cells was significantly inhibited after the treatment with DHA at different concentrations (6.25,12.50,25.00,50.00,100.00 μmol/L) for 24,48 and 72 hours (F =78.66,235.37,93.75,P < 0.05).Compared with control group,the number of SCG7901 cells in the G0/G1 phase in the DHA group was significantly increased (F =18.42,P <0.05).After treating SGC7901 cells with DHA for 24 hours,the protein expressions of Cyclin D1 and CDK4 were 0.67 ± 0.15 and 0.64 ± 0.18 in the control group,which were significantly higher than 0.17 ± 0.05and 0.24 ± 0.06 in the DHA group (t =7.746,5.164,P < 0.05).The protein expressions of Cyclin E were 0.42 ± 0.06 in the control group and 0.35 ± 0.06 in the DHA group,with no significant difference (t =2.021,P > 0.05).The protein expressions of Cyclin A were 0.35 ± 0.09 in the control group and 0.38 ± 0.08 in the DHA group,with no significant difference between the 2 groups (t =1.266,P > 0.05).The protein expressions of P16 were 0.29 ± 0.07 in the control group and 0.54 ± 0.12 in the DHA group,with significant difference between the 2 groups (t =4.408,P < 0.05).The results of co-immunoprecipitation assay showed that DHA decreased the interaction between CDK4 and Cyclin D1,and increased the interaction between CDK4 and P16.Conclusion DHA induces SGC7901 cells arrested in G0/G1 phase,and the effect may be related with its downregulation of Cyclin D1 and CDK4,up-regulation of P16,decreasing the interaction between CDK4 and Cyclin D1,and increasing the interaction between CDK4 and P16.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12)1997.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-525026

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of cyclin G1、cyclin G2 in gastric carcinoma and its significance. Methods The mRNA expression of cyclin G1、cyclin G2 in 55 cases of gastric carcinoma was measured with RT-PCR. The protein expression of cyclin G1 and cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry.Results Expression rate of cyclin G1 in gastric carcinoma was 58%,which was higher than that in normal tissue(P

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