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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the bladder neck descent and the area of levator ani hiatus obtained on the maximum Valsalva were consistent at the lithotomy position and separating-legs-holding-knees position.Methods:Forty four subjects who underwent perineal pelvic floor four-dimensional ultrasound at 6-8 weeks postpartum in Third Hospital of Longgang Shenzhen from November 2019 to January 2020 were enrolled in this study. All subjects were able to effectively complete the maximum Valsalva maneuver both at the lithotomy position and the separating-legs-holding-knees position. The bladder neck descent and hiatus area of the levator Ani on the maximum Valsalva at these two positions were measured and compared.Results:The bladder neck descent at the separating-legs-holding-knees position was higher than that at the lithotomy position [(41.06±8.25)mm vs (39.96±8.10)mm; t=-2.965, P=0.005], and the hiatus area of levator Ani at the separating-legs-holding-knees position was larger than that at the lithotomy position[(27.55±4.90)cm 2 vs (26.32±4.76)cm 2; t=-3.820, P<0.001]. Conclusions:The bladder neck descent and the area of levator Ani hiatus on the maximum Valsalva at separating-legs- holding-knees position are larger than those on the maximum Valsalva at the lithotomy position.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711258

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between muscle fibrosis and the displacement of the hyoid bone while swallowing among patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after radiation therapy.Methods Twenty-six NPC patients with dysphagia were recruited.Shear wave elastography was performed to assess the fibrosis of the mylohyoid muscle.The horizontal and vertical displacement of the hyoid bone were measured based on the videofluoroscopic swallowing study,and the severity of dysphagia was determined using the penetration-aspiration scale (PAS).The correlation between the modulus value of the mylohyoid muscle and the horizontal and vertical displacement of the hyoid bone were analyzed,respectively.Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve were constructed to assess the diagnostic ability of modulus value for the severity of dysphagia above grade 5 of PAS.Results For patients whose PAS was higher than grade 5,the modulus value of mylohyoid muscle was negatively correlated with the displacement of hyoid bone,while such correlation was absent for patients whose PAS grading were less than or equal to 5.Sensitivity and specificity by modulus value to detect dysphagia were 80% and 81.8%,respectively,with the best cut-off value of 14.37 kPa.Conclusion The reduction of hyoid bone displacement can be partially attributed to muscle fibrosis for post-radiation NPC patients with severe dysphagia.The modulus value measured by Shear wave elastography could be used as a supplementary way to monitor the development of dysphagia.

3.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 470-471,474, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600678

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical curative effect of ginseng cream stickon in patients suffering from lack of lactation after parturition .Methods Ninety patients suffering from lack of lactation after parturition were divided into three groups :the treatment group (patients with ginseng cream stick by acupoint application ) ,and 2 control groups (control with lactation elixir ,and control with decavitamin) .The treatment last for 5 days for each group .And the breast filling degree ,the lactigenous volume ,the neonatal weight ,artificial feeding times ,the artificial feeding volume and the prolactin level before and after the treatment were all recorded .Results Ginseng cream stick by acupoint application dramatically improved breast filling ,the lactigenous volume ,the neo‐natal weight ,artificial feeding times ,the artificial feeding volume and the neonatal urination frequency ,there was a significant differ‐ence between the treatment group and the two control groups (P<0 .05) .Conclusion Ginseng cream stick by acupoint application could significantly relieve lack of lactation ,meet the need of breastfeeding ,and increase the breast‐feeding rate .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455607

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of transperineal ultrasound in female patients with cystocele.Methods Transperineal ultrasound were performed in 36 female patients with cystocele and the bladder neck movement degrees (BND),retrovesical angle and the degree of urethral rotation were observed at maximum Valsalva.The ultrasonic manifestation of 36 female patients with cystocele were summarized.Results On maximal Valsalva bladder neck mobility all increased in 36 patients,32 patients with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and 30 female patients with urethral rotation ≥ 45°.There were 6 cases with type Ⅰ,bladder neck was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and urethral rotation <45°.There were 26 cases with type Ⅱ,bladder neck was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with open retrovesical angle (≥140°) and urethral rotation ≥45°.There were 4 cases with type Ⅲ,bladder was lower than inferoposterior margin of the symphysis pubis,cystocele with intact retrovesical angle (< 140°) and urethral rotation ≥45°.Conclusions The transperineal ultrasound can be used for classification of cystocele in female patients and which may provide more reliable information for clinical diagnosis.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 352-355,388, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731558

ABSTRACT

Objective To study preliminarily on the value of real-time three-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasound (RT-3D-CEUS ) for the diagnosis of hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation.Methods From April to July in 201 4,a total of 1 8 liver transplant recipients were examined 29 times,by color doppler ultrasound,contrast-enhanced ultrasound (2D-CEUS)and RT-3D-CEUS.The successful rate of RT-3D-CEUS was calculated.And the image quality and the diagnosis of hepatic artery complications were evaluated.Results In the 29 times of RT-3D-CEUS examination,the successful rate was 93% (27 /29).The image quality of RT-3D-CEUS got 3 points for 1 4 times,2 points for 1 3 times and 1 point for 2 times.In 6 cases who were diagnosed hepatic artery stenosis by RT-3D-CEUS,4 cases were first diagnosed by RT-3D-CEUS and confirmed by CTA,and 2 cases were diagnosed by CTA or DSA before RT-3D-CEUS.Conclusions The RT-3D-CEUS examination can get intuitive and clear images,which has clinical application value in evaluating hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 178-181, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731540

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the ultrasonograms of biliary sludge and its relationship with the prognosis of patients after liver transplantation.Methods Ultrasonograms of 36 patients with biliary sludge after liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed.These patients were divided into two groups according to the different treatment outcomes:poor prognosis group and favorable prognosis group.The characteristics of initial ultrasonograms of biliary sludge when they were found at first time compared between two groups .Results Biliary sludge combined with ischemic-type biliary lesions accounted for 95% ( 19/20 ) in poor prognosis group while 13%(2/16)in favorable prognosis group.There was significant difference between two groups (P<0.05).In favorable prognosis group , biliary sludge was found locating in hepatic hilar region in all 16 cases (16/16) and the sludge had clear boundaries dissociated with bile duct walls were observed in 14 cases (14/16).There was no incrassation of bile duct walls in hepatic hilar region , nor dilation of intrahepatic bile ducts observed in 14 cases ( 14/16 ).In poor prognosis group , biliary sludge was observed widespread not only in hepatic hilar region but also in intrahepatic biliary ducts in 10 cases ( 10/20 ) , and the boundaries between sludge and bile duct walls were vague in 15 cases (15/20).Obvious incrassation of bile duct walls in hepatic hilar region was observed in 16 cases (16/20), and dilation of intrahepatic bile ducts was observed in 19 cases (19/20).There were significant differences in the above 4 ultrasound features between two groups (all in P<0.05).Conclusions There are differences in the ultrasonograms of biliary sludge between different prognosis groups.Biliary sludge combined with ischemic-type biliary lesions suggests a poor prognosis , which may need more active interventional treatments.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 174-177,190, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731539

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of three-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasound (3D-CEUS) in diagnosing the hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation.Methods A total of 26 liver transplant donors or recipients suspected with hepatic artery complications were examined by color Doppler ultrasound, two-dimensional contrast-enhanced ultrasound ( 2D-CEUS ) and 3D-CEUS.The successful reconstruction rates of 3D-CEUS and the three-dimensional image quality of reconstructed hepatic arteries were evaluated.Results In the 26 patients, 21 hepatic arteries could be visualized with a successful reconstruction rate 81%.The three-dimensional images of hepatic arteries by 3D-CEUS were continuous.The coronal ( Z-axle) , fine or circuitous branches or tributaries could be visualized well.The segmental hepatic arteries origin could be determined and the spatial relationship of vessels could be visualized definitely.Conclusions The 3D-CEUS images are intuitive , three-dimensional and clear , and have clinical application value in diagnosing of hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458007

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the repeatability and consistency of normal female pelvic floor structure using transperineal real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound .Methods Forty‐two cases of normal adult female were evaluated by two different experience operator ,using the real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound diagnostic apparatus .The bladder neck movement degrees and the levator hiatus area were observed after Valsalva condition .Differences between the groups were compared .Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) ,the coefficient of variation (CV) and Bland‐Altman analysis of consistency were evaluated . Results The bladder neck movement degrees and the levator hiatus area measured by the experienced operator (operator 1) and less experienced operator(operator 2) were (18 4.8 ± 5 8.4)cm and (17 7.9 ± 5 4.8) cm ,(17 5.3 ± 3 9.5)cm2 and (17 3.1 ± 4 3.2)cm2 ,respectively .There was no significant difference between the two operators ( P > 0 0.5) .The intra‐ICC were 0 8.9 and 0 9.0 ,CV were 7 2.6% and 3 0.3% .Experienced operator repeatability (ICC= 0 9.9 ,0 9.4) was slightly higher than the less experienced researchers (ICC 0 9.2 ,0 8.1) .The analysis results of Bland‐Altman image showed good consistency between two different operators .Conclusions The current study proves real‐time three‐dimensional ultrasound is a reproducible method for female pelvic floor structure assessment ,and the reproducibility is very well .The detection performance of experienced operator slightly better than the one with less experience ,strengthen the training of junior doctors may further improve the accuracy of measurement .

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442613

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in diagnosing ischemic-type biliary lesion (ITBL) and analyze the relation between the enhancement patterns of bile duct wall of ITBL and its outcome.Methods 36 patients confirmed with ITBL (24 cases),anastomotic biliary stricture (3 cases),cholangitis (4 cases),biliarysludge (1 cases),and acute rejection (4 cases),who underwent CEUS examination,were enrolled in this study.The images were retrospectively analyzed in consensus by 2 readers.After reviewing the images,the readers were asked to make a diagnosis of ITBL.The diagnostic standard was hypo-or non-enhancement of hilar bile duct wall in arterial phase on CEUS.Results The diagnostic sensitivity,specificity,accuracy,positive predictive value and negative predictive value were 66.7%,83.3%,72.2%,88.9%,and 55.6% for reader 1;62.5%,83.3%,69.4%,88.2%,and 52.6 % for reader 2,respectively.The interobserver agreement was good (κ =0.83).In 24 ITBL patients,the ratio of mortality or retransplantation with non enhancing hilar bile duct wall in arterial phase was much higher than that with enhancing hilar bile duct wall (non-enhancement 54.5%,hypo-enhancement 20%,hyper-or iso-enhancement 12.5%).Conclusions CEUS had diagnostic value of ITBL.Non-enhancing hilar bile duct wall in arterial phase on CEUS predicated the poor outcome.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424686

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the value of uhrasonography for arthrocentesis in the hip and the advance of the femoral head/acetabulum as the puncture location in patients without sonographically obvious joint effusion.Methods Forty-three patients diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis or osteoarthritis were included,82 hip joints were involved and received ultrasounded-guided intra-articular injections.The puncture site was the joint space between the femoral head and the acetabulum.The times,depth,procedure time,side effects and complications of each injection were recorded.ResultsAll 82 hips could be explicitly displayed.The depths from the skin surface to the joint space were (3.4 ± 0.9)cm (left)and (3.1 ± 0.8)cm (right),respectively.Overall,100% of hip joints were punctured successfully,and 95.1% of them were succeeded with the first arthrocentesis.The procedure time was (287.9 ± 45.8) s.No side effects or complications were observed.ConclusionsThe sonographic technique could be used as a primary method of image guidance for performing hip arthrocentesis and the joint space between the femoral head and the acetabulum could be a choice of target location for the patients without joint effusion.

11.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1051-1054, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423476

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the sonographic features of gouty arthritis.MethodsThe sonographic features of gouty arthritis were summarized by retrospectively studying the sonogram of 19 joints of 5 patients.ResultsFive the first metatarsophalangeal joints,8 knees,2 ankles,2 elbows and 2 wrists were investigated.Out of 19 joints,17(89.4%) had double contour signs,a hyperechoic and irregular band over the superficial margin of the articular cartilage.Joint effusions were seen in 13 of 19 joints (68.4%).Multiple hyperreflective foci could be seen in the joint fluid,which were obvious by shaking the probe.In 19 joints,11 (57.9 %) had proliferation of the synovium identified,and proliferative synovium were revealed as hyperperfusion or hypoperfusion by color Doppler ultrasound.In one knee,the synovium proliferated obviously with involved area about 5 cm × 2 cm,and hyperechoic aggregates with acoustic shadow could be seen in it.Articular cartilage became irregularly thin and the hyperechoic outline of subchondral bone cortex became rough or even broke in 6 of 19 joint (31.6%).H omogeneous,hyperechoic aggregates with or without acoustic shadow in the soft tissue around the joint were seen in four joints (21.1 %).Three in these 4 joints exited bone cortex erosions adjacent to aggregates.ConclusionsGouty arthritis has some specific sonographic features,ultrasound maybe usefully discover this disease in early period.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389093

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the color Doppler ultrasonographic findings of active ankylosing sacroiliitis.Methods Thirty three patients (66 sacroiliac joints in total) with active ankylosing sacroiliitis identified by MRI and twenty eight healthy volunteers (56 sacroiliac joints) underwent color Doppler ultrasound examinations of sacroiliac joints.Degree of blood flow within and around the sacroiliac joints was evaluated by semi-quantitative scale (0 - 4 grade).For arteries, resistive index was also measured.Statistical analyses were performed to compare blood flow demonstration rate, blood flow signal scale distribution,degree of blow flow and RI value between the two groups.Results Higher blood flow demonstration rate was found in patients with active ankylosing sacroiliitis(60/66,90.1%) than control group (25/56,44.6%)( P = 0.000).The scale distribution and degree of blow flow between these two groups were statistically different (all P = 0.000) ,with mainly 2~3 grade for the patients and 0~1 grade for the control.Mean value of RI in the patients was 0.57 ± 0.07, which was lower than the control (0.66 ± 0.04, P = 0.000).Conclusions Patients with active ankylosing sacroiliitis tend to have higher degree of blood flow in sacroiliac joints and lower RI values of artery.Color Doppler ultrasound may help to evaluate the activity of ankylosing sacroiliitis.

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