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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 984-990, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010896

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the development present situation of the department of critical care medicine in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (hereinafter referred to as Inner Mongolia), in order to promote the standardized and homogeneous development of critical care medicine in Inner Mongolia, and also provide a reference for discipline construction and resource allocation.@*METHODS@#A survey study was conducted in comprehensive intensive care unit (ICU) of tertiary and secondary hospitals in Inner Mongolia by online questionnaire survey and telephone data verification. The questionnaire was based on the Guidelines for the Construction and Management of Intensive Care Units (Trial) (hereinafter referred to as the Guidelines) issued by the National Health Commission in 2009 and the development trend of the discipline. The questionnaire covered six aspects, including hospital basic information, ICU basic information, personnel allocation, medical quality management, technical skill and equipment configuration. The questionnaire was distributed in September 2022, and it was filled out by the discipline leaders or department heads of each hospital.@*RESULTS@#As of October 24, 2022, a total of 101 questionnaires had been distributed, 85 questionnaires had been recovered, and the questionnaire recovery rate had reached 84.16%, of which 71 valid questionnaires had been collected in a total of 71 comprehensive ICU. (1) There were noticeable regional differences in the distribution of comprehensive ICU in Inner Mongolia, with a relatively weak distribution in the east and west, and the overall distribution was uneven. The development of critical care medicine in Inner Mongolia was still lacking. (2) Basic information of hospitals: the population and economy restricted the development of ICU. The average number of comprehensive ICU beds in the western region was only half of that in the central region (beds: 39.0 vs. 86.0), and the average number of ICU beds in the eastern region was in the middle (83.6 beds), which was relatively uneven. (3) Basic information of ICU: among the 71 comprehensive ICU surveyed, there were 44 tertiary hospitals and 27 secondary hospitals. The ratio of ICU beds to total beds in tertiary hospitals was significantly lower than that in secondary hospitals [(1.59±0.81)% vs. (2.11±1.07)%, P < 0.05], which were significantly lower than the requirements of the Guidelines of 2%-8%. The utilization rate of ICU in tertiary and secondary hospitals [(63.63±22.40)% and (44.65±20.66)%, P < 0.01] were both lower than the bed utilization rate required by the Guidelines (75% should be appropriate). (4) Staffing of ICU: there were 376 doctors and 1 117 nurses in tertiary hospitals, while secondary hospitals had 122 doctors and 331 nurses. There were significant differences in the composition ratio of the titles of doctors, the degree of doctors, and the titles of nurses between tertiary and secondary hospitals (all P < 0.05). Most of the doctors in tertiary hospitals had intermediate titles (attending physicians accounted for 41.49%), while most of the doctors in secondary hospitals had junior titles (resident physicians accounted for 43.44%). The education level of doctors in tertiary hospitals was generally higher than that in secondary hospitals (doctors: 2.13% vs. 0, masters: 37.24% vs. 8.20%). The proportion of nurses in tertiary hospitals was significantly lower than that in secondary hospitals (17.01% vs. 24.47%). The ratio of ICU doctors/ICU beds [(0.64±0.27)%, (0.59±0.34)%] and ICU nurses/ICU beds [(1.76±0.56)%, (1.51±0.48)%] in tertiary and secondary hospitals all failed to meet the requirements above 0.8 : 1 and 3 : 1 of the Guidelines. (5) Medical quality management of ICU: compared with secondary hospitals, the proportion of one-to-one drug-resistant bacteria care in tertiary hospitals (65.91% vs. 40.74%), multimodal analgesia and sedation (90.91% vs. 66.67%), and personal digital assistant (PDA) barcode scanning (43.18% vs. 14.81%) were significantly higher (all P < 0.05). (6) Technical skills of ICU: in terms of technical skills, the proportion of bronchoscopy, blood purification, jejunal nutrition tube placement and bedside ultrasound projects carried out in tertiary hospitals were higher than those in secondary hospitals (84.09% vs. 48.15%, 88.64% vs. 48.15%, 61.36% vs. 55.56%, 88.64% vs. 70.37%, all P < 0.05). Among them, the placement of jejunal nutrition tube, bedside ultrasound and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation were mainly completed independently in tertiary hospitals, while those in secondary hospitals tended to be completed in cooperation. (7) Equipment configuration of ICU: in terms of basic equipment, the ratio of the total number of ventilators/ICU beds in tertiary and secondary hospitals [0.77% (0.53%, 1.07%), 0.88% (0.63%, 1.38%)], and the ratio of injection pump/ICU beds [1.70% (1.00%, 2.56%), 1.25% (0.75%, 1.88%)] didn't meet the requirements of the Guidelines. The equipment ratio was insuffcient, which means that the basic needs of development had not been met yet.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The development of comprehensive ICU in Inner Mongolia has tended to mature, but there is still a certain gap in the development scale, personnel ratio and instruments and equipment compared with the Guidelines. Moreover, the comprehensive ICU appears the characteristics of relatively weak eastern and western regions, and the overall distribution is uneven. Therefore, it is necessary to increase efforts to invest in the construction of the department of critical care medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intensive Care Units , Critical Care , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tertiary Care Centers , China
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2449-2464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981211

ABSTRACT

The CRISPR/Cas systems comprising the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) and its associated Cas protein is an acquired immune system unique to archaea or bacteria. Since its development as a gene editing tool, it has rapidly become a popular research direction in the field of synthetic biology due to its advantages of high efficiency, precision, and versatility. This technique has since revolutionized the research of many fields including life sciences, bioengineering technology, food science, and crop breeding. Currently, the single gene editing and regulation techniques based on CRISPR/Cas systems have been increasingly improved, but challenges still exist in the multiplex gene editing and regulation. This review focuses on the development and application of multiplex gene editing and regulation techniques based on the CRISPR/Cas systems, and summarizes the techniques for multiplex gene editing or regulation within a single cell or within a cell population. This includes the multiplex gene editing techniques developed based on the CRISPR/Cas systems with double-strand breaks; or with single-strand breaks; or with multiple gene regulation techniques, etc. These works have enriched the tools for the multiplex gene editing and regulation and contributed to the application of CRISPR/Cas systems in the multiple fields.


Subject(s)
Gene Editing , CRISPR-Cas Systems/genetics , Bacteria/genetics , Archaea , Bioengineering
3.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 1063-1068, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009455

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of formononetin on immunity of mice with transplanted H22 hepatocarcinoma. Methods Male C57BL/6 mice were subcutaneously inoculated with H22 cells (4×105) to establish a tumor-bearing mouse model. The mice were treated with formononetin [10 mg/(kg.d)] or [50 mg/(kg.d)] for 28 days, and then the tumor inhibition rate was calculated. Carrilizumab was used as a positive control drug. The expressions of CD8, granzyme B and forkbox transcription factor 3 (FOXP3) in HCC tissues were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining. The mRNA and protein expression of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand 1 (PD-L1) in HCC tissues were detected by real-time PCR or Western blot analysis, respectively. The serum levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) were detected by ELISA. Results Formononetin increased the tumor inhibition rate and the positive rate of CD8 and granzyme B staining in tumor-bearing mice. There was no significant difference in the positive rate of FOXP3 staining in tumor tissues of mice in each group. Formononetin decreased the levels of IL-10 and TGF-β in serum of tumor-bearing mice, and decreased the relative expression of mRNA and protein of PD-1 and PD-L1 in tumor tissue of tumor-bearing mice. Conclusion Formononetin can activate CD8+ T cells and reduce the release of immunosuppressive factors in regulatory T cells by blocking PD-1/PD-L1 pathway and play an antitumor role.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Interleukin-10/genetics , B7-H1 Antigen , Granzymes/genetics , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/metabolism , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transforming Growth Factor beta/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor
4.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 973-979, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993035

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes in total radioactivity in patient body with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) after 131I treatment and the factors influencing its metabolism. Methods:The clinical data from 218 patients after DTC treatment in the Department of Nuclear Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from September 2021 to April 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. Based on administrated 131I dose, 171 patients were divided into low-dose group (≤ 3.7 GBq) and 47 into high-dose group (>3.7 GBq) . A whole body dynamic radiation monitoring system was used to measure the in vivo residual activity of 131I 24, 48 and 72 h after 131I administration and to explore their influencing factors. Results:24, 48 and 72 h after adimination of 131I, the residual activity of 131I in the low-dose group patients was significantly lower than in the high-dose group patients ( t= -7.46, -3.31, -2.01, P<0.05) . The discharge compliance rate at 24 and 48 h in the low-dose group was significantly higher than that in the high-dose group (21.0% vs. 4.3%, 98.2% vs. 89.4%, χ2 = 7.23, 5.91, P<0.05) , and all patients could meet the discharge criteria at 72 h. Univariate analysis showed that the residual 131I activity at 24 and 48 h was dependent on age, body mass index (BMI) , basal metabolism rate (BMR) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) . As have been shown by multiple linear regression analysis, in the low-dose group, the older age, the higher BMR and the higher TSH level at 24 h tended to the higher 131I residual activity in the body. At 48 h, the higher BMI and the higher TSH level lead to the higher 131I residual activity in patient body. Meanwhile, in the high-dose group, the higher age and BMR at 24 h, tended to the higher in vivo131I residual activity. The influencing factors were analyzed in terms that 131I residual activity reaching 400 MBq in patient body at 24 and 36 h. The result showed that at 24 h the lower TSH level leaded to the lower 131I residual activity in patient body. At 36 h, the younger age, the lower TSH level, and the smaller 131I treatment dose tended to the lower in vivo131I residual activity. Conclusions:Age, BMI, BMR and TSH levels are the influencing factors for the change in total activity in patient body after 131I treatment of DTC. Radiation dose assessment based on the above indicators can provide a reference for adjusting the length of hospitalization time.

5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 425-429, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930448

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of children with Kawasaki disease (KD) complicated with atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS).Methods:Clinical characteristics of 60 AARS patients complicated with KD (the atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation group) and 60 patients with KD only diagnosed (the control group)in the Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from December 2010 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Differences between groups were compared by the Chi- square test and the t test. Results:A total of 8 365 KD patients were diagnosed during the study period, involving 60 cases (0.72%) complicated with AARS.which usually occurred in the acute phase with the onset ages of 3 to 6 years ( P<0.001). Initial clinical symptoms of KD complicated with AARS included fever with restricted neck movement (100.00%), neck mass (66.67%), torticollis (21.67%) and neck pain (11.67%). CT or X-ray exa-mination of the neck indicated AARS, with thickening and swelling of the cervical soft tissues in some cases.Compared with those of control group, red, dry, cracked lips ( P=0.01) and cervical lymph node swollen ( P<0.001) were significantly pronounced in KD patients complicated with AARS.The absolute and relative count of neutrophils were significantly higher in KD patients complicated with AARS (all P< 0.05). Cervical soft tissue swelling and thickening in B-ultrasound were more obvious than those in the control group( P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in coronary artery lesions and the response to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) combined with Aspirin between groups ( P>0.05). Head traction could relieve neck symptoms to a certain extent, but there was no significant difference between groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Cervical lymphadenopathy, red, dry, cracked lips, increase of absolute and relative count of neutrophils, and swelling and thicke-ning of cervical soft tissues were the high-risk factors of KD complicated with AARS.The complication of AARS in KD patients did not increase the risk of coronary artery injury and IVIG resistance.IVIG combined with aspirin achieved a good prognosis in the majority of KD patients complicated with AARS.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1580-1584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955717

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application value of PAD (Presentation-Assimilation-Discussion) class and case teaching combined with brainstorming in the practice teaching of nursing students in the department of cardiovascular surgery.Methods:A total of 81 undergraduate nursing students who practiced in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University from June 2019 to April 2020 were selected as the research objects. They were randomly divided into the control group ( n=40, brainstorming teaching) and the observation group ( n=41, PAD class combined with case teaching). After one month of intervention, the teaching effect on the two groups of nursing students were evaluated through the nursing students' clinical communication ability scale, Chinese version of self-assessment of clinical reflection and reasoning (SACRR), and competency inventory for registered nurse (CIRN). And the teaching quality was assessed by the clinical nursing teacher teaching behavior assessment scale. SPSS 22.0 was used for t-test. Results:The scores of each dimension and total scores of clinical communication ability scale, Chinese version SACRR and CIRN of nursing students in the observation group were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). The scores of nursing teaching behavior evaluation of clinical teachers in the observation group were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The combination of PAD class and case teaching with brainstorming can improve the clinical communication ability of nursing students in cardiovascular surgery practice, help to promote the transformation of their clinical thinking ability, improve their core competences, and play an important role in improving the teaching quality.

7.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 563-566, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954252

ABSTRACT

Hilar cholangiocarcinoma is the most common extrahepatic malignant tumor in clinic, accounting for about 50%-60% of bile duct tumors. Currently, radical surgical resection is regarded as the best treatment for early hepatic hilar cholangiocarcinoma, but, it’s early lesions have no obvious clinical symptoms. Most patients are already in the advanced stage of the disease when they are admitted to hospital. The surgical resection rate is low, and the 5-year survival rate does not exceed 25%. Locally advanced hepatic hilar cholangiocarcinoma are treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy followed by surgery, it can prolong survival time of the patient. At the same time, the recurrence rate after surgery can reach 50%-70%, and the cancer easily invades microvessels, lymphatic vessels, peripheral nerves and liver, which is one of the most challenging problems in the field of biliary surgery. Therefore, early diagnosis, perioperative management, adequate and accurate preoperative staging assessment, intraoperative standardized resection, postoperative adjuvant therapy of hilar cholangiocarcinoma, it is of great significance to improve the rate of radical surgical resection and prolong the survival time of patients.

8.
Journal of China Medical University ; (12): 105-108,113, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744807

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of alveolar bone augmentation by applying autogenous tooth bone graft material to patients with alveolar bone deficiency in orthodontic treatment. Methods Four patients with a stable periodontal condition managed with fixed orthodontic treatment were included, and the number of graft sites was 17. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) showed labial alveolar bone deficiency. The treatment plan included extraction, and the extracted teeth were used to prepare autogenous tooth bone material. The alveolar bone width was measured at the same site at multiple heights prior to operation and at 3 and 6 months post-operation.Results The alveolar bone width was higher at both 3 and 6 months post-operatively (P < 0.05) than that pre-operatively. The alveolar bone width at 6 months post-operation was lower than that at 3 months post-operation (P < 0.05). Conclusion Applying autogenous tooth bone graft material to patients with alveolar bone deficiency in orthodontic treatment can expand the range of tooth movement and result in good clinical outcomes.

9.
International Neurourology Journal ; : 144-150, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764110

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Transvaginal mesh (TVM) results in a greater anatomic cure but more complications. We aimed to compare laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) plus colporrhaphy with the small intestine submucosa (SIS) graft versus TVM for advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP).


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Intestine, Small , Pelvic Floor , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Polypropylenes , Prolapse , Retrospective Studies , Transplants
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 68-73, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809780

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the effect to the prognosis of tumor site on the patients of colorectal cancer after curative resection with different stage.@*Methods@#Clinicopathological and follow-up data of 2 097 colorectal carcinoma cases undergoing resection at Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2008 to March 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 421 patients in left-sided colorectal cancer (LCC) group (including carcinoma in cecum, ascending colon , hepatic flexure, and transvers colon) , 386 in right-sided colorectal cancer (RCC) group (including carcinoma in splenic flexure, descending colon and sigmoid colon) and 1 290 in rectal cancer (RECC) group. Clinicopathologic features in patients with different tumor location were compared. 5-year overall survival rate were compared among the 3 groups. Patients were stratified by different stage to analyze the effect of tumor location on the prognosis. χ2test and Kruskal-Wallis rank-sum test were used to compare the clinicopathological features among the 3 groups, Kaplan-Meier curve and Log-rank test were used to analyze prognosis, respectively.@*Results@#No significant differences were identified between the three groups in age, family history, N stage and intestinal obstruction. Significant difference were found in gender among LCC, RCC and RECC group (male were 62.5% vs. 54.9% vs.56.3%, χ2=6.040, P=0.049) . Compared with LCC group and RCC group, RECC group had more well and moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma patients (89.7% vs. 86.0% vs. 82.4%, χ2=10.712 and 17.385, P=0.013 and 0.001) , more stage Ⅰ patients (17.1% vs. 6.9% vs. 6.5%, χ2=37.459 and 37.208, P=0.000 and 0.000) , and less likely to be stage T4 (44.7% vs. 76.7% vs.78.5%, χ2=128.015 and 133.704, P=0.000 and 0.000), metastasis (2.6% vs. 5.7% vs. 3.6%, χ2=1 417.167 and 1 424.217, P=0.000 and 0.000) and intestinal obstruction (11.3% vs. 21.1% vs. 24.4%, χ2=25.846 and 41.141, P=0.000 and 0.000). Five-year survival rate reduced in turn in the patients with RECC, LCC and RCC(70.9%, 59.8%, 58.9%, χ2=11.577, P=0.009). In the subgroup of stage Ⅲ, patients with different tumor location had different overall survival (χ2=9.878, P=0.007). Compared to right-sided colon cancer patients, rectal ones had significantly better overall survival (χ2=9.271, P=0.002); but in the subgroup of stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and stage Ⅳ, patients with different tumor location had similar overall survival (P were 0.124, 0.888, 0.263, respectively).@*Conclusions@#Colorectal cancer patients with tumor location had different clinicopathologic features. Patients with rectal cancer had better five-year survival rate than those with left located and right located colon cancer. Tumor location had different effects on the prognosis according to the different TNM stage-subgroups.

11.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 60-63, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512710

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aims to explore the application value of tuberculosis T lymphocytes enzyme-linked immune SPOT test (T-SPOT.TB) on early diagnosis of tuberculosis.Methods The TB infection in 189 inpatients suspected tuberculosis in pneumology department of Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital was detected with T-SPOT.TB,fluorescence RQPCR,tuberculosis (TB-Ab)protein chip and PPD methods.Results The sensitivity of four methods was 91.54% (119/130),73.85%(96/130),63.08%(82/130) and 57.69% (75/130) respectively and the specificity of those was 89.83% (53/59),86.44%(51/59),67.79%(40/59) and 66.10%(39/59),respectively.The sensitivity of T-SPOT.TB method was statistically higher than those of other three tests,respectively (P<0.05).The specificity of T-SPOT.TB was significantly higher than those of TB-AB and PPD (P<0.05),but there was no statistical difference between RQ-PCR and T-SPOT.TB (P>0.05).The positive predictive values of T-SPOT.TB,fluorescent quantitative PCR,TB-Ab and PPD assays were 95.2% (119/1250),92.3% (96/104),81.2% (82/101) and 78.9% (75/95) respectively while the negative predictive values of those were 82.8% (53/64),60% (51/85),45.5% (40/88) and 41.5% (39/94),respectively.The false-positive rates (misdiagnosis rate) of four assays were 10.2% (6/59),13.6% (8/59),32.2% (19/59) and 33.9% (20/59) respectively and the false-negative rates (rates of missed diagnosis) of those were 8.5% (11/130),26.2% (34/130),36.9% (48/130)and 42.3 % (55/130),respectively.The negative likelihood ratios of T SPOT.TB,fluorescent quantitative PCR,TB-Ab and PPD assays were 0.11,0.16,0.48 and 0.51 respectively,meanwhile the positive likelihood ratios of T-SPOT.TB,fluorescent quantitative PCR,TB-Ab andPPD assays were 9.0,5.4,2.0 and 1.7,respectively.What' s more,the diagnostic accordance rates of the four assays were 91.0% (172 189),77.8% (147 189).64.6% (122/189) and 60.3% (114/189),respectively.Conclusion T-SPOT.TB test is a more sensitive and specific method and of great significance to the early diagnosis of TB,which has more clinical value in different stages of tuberculosis diagnosis.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 68-74, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505092

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the correlation between autophagy and polarization of macrophages in atherosclerosis (AS) plaque in arteriosclerosis obliterans amputees. Femoral artery specimens from arteriosclerosis obliterans amputees were performed hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, oil red O and immunofluorescence staining to observe the morphology of atherosclerotic plaque, phenotype of macrophages and autophagy in plaque; using real-time quantitative RT-PCR technology to detect the mRNA level of M1 and M2 type markers in arterial tissue; to analyze polarized signal pathway and autophagy protein levels in macrophages by Western blotting. Arterial specimens staining showed obvious lipid deposition and obvious infiltration of amount of foam cells and inflammatory cells. Macrophages were mainly expression M1 type in percentage in fibrous plaque. Although both M1 and M2 macrophages were upregulated in atheromatous plaque, the increase was dominant in M2 type in percentage. The level of autophagy was significantly higher in the atheromatous plaque than that of fibrous plaque. The expression of tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) mRNA was significantly higher in fibrous plaque than that of atheromatous plaque (P < 0.01 or 0.05), and arginase-1 (Arg-1), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), CD163 and interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA was significantly lower than that in atheromatous plaque (P < 0.01). The levels of p-STAT1 and NF-κB were significantly increased in fibrous plaque (P < 0.01), while p-STAT6 expression was significantly increased in atheromatous plaque (P < 0.01). The level of LC3-II was significantly higher in atheromatous plaque than that in fibrous plaque (P < 0.01). Macrophages in early atherosclerotic plaque were induced to M1 type through p-STAT1/NF-κB pathway and expressed moderate levels of autophagy; while macrophages in advanced plaques were induced to polarization of M2 type through p-STAT6 pathway. M2 macrophages expressed a higher level of autophagy than M1 macrophages.

13.
Chinese Journal of Health Policy ; (12): 52-59, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503124

ABSTRACT

In 2015 , policy reforms on centralized drug purchasing system have been released one by one , and the quality of medicines has been highly valued .Centralized drug purchasing system distinguishes different qualities of drugs mainly through bidding grouping , in order to achieve “uality priority”.However , there are yet some existing problems in group bidding policy at present , such as lack of a unified hierarchy , no scientific indicators and so on , which inevitably weaken the leading role of centralized purchasing policy over the quality of medicines .This paper , focuses on the study of group bidding , and the existing main problems are found through the statistical analysis of rel-evant policies introduced in different provinces .Finally, it explores some optimization strategies for “Group Bidding”which is of paramount importance .

14.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1435-1436, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502160
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1370-1375, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496256

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the influence of Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) on the PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathways in ovariectomized rat myocardium .METHODS:Female SD rats (n=30) were divided into sham oper-ation group , ovariectomized group , progynova group , high-dose LBP group and low-dose LBP group .The serum levels of estradiol, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and creatine kinase (CK) were measured by ELISA.The myocardial contents of H2 S and oxidative stress injury-related indicators were also detected .The morphological changes of the myocardium were observed with HE staining.The expression of eNOS and PI3K/Akt pathway-related proteins in the myocardium was deter-mined by Western blot .RESULTS: Compared with sham operation group , the serum level of estradiol , the content of H2 S, the activity of GSH-Px, and the expression of eNOS and PI3K/Akt pathway-related proteins in the myocardium in ovariectomized group were all decreased , and the levels of ROS and MDA in the myocardium were increased (P<0.05). The serum levels of LDH and CK were also increased .The arrangement of the myocardial cells was disordered , and the in-tercellular space was also increased in the ovariectomized group .Compared with ovariectomized group , the serum level of estradiol, the myocardial levels of H2S and GSH-Px, and the protein levels of eNOS and phosphorylated Akt were all in-creased in high dose group, while the levels of ROS and MDA in the myocardium were decreased (P<0.05).The serum levels of LDH and CK were also decreased .The morphological changes of the rat myocardium were improved in high dose group.CONCLUSION: LBP prevents and treats postmenopausal cardiovascular lesions through regulating PI 3K/Akt/eNOS signaling pathways in ovariectomized rats .

16.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 73-76, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462058

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Wuling Powder on insulin resistance of C57BL/6J mice induced by high lipid diet, and discuss the mechanism. Methods C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into six groups:normal group, model group, rosiglitazone group, Wuling Powder in low, middle, and high dose groups, 10 mice per group. Besides the normal group, other five groups were fed with high fat and sugar diet, with a purpose to establish insulin resistance model. Normal group and model group were given pure water. Rosiglitazone group received a gavage with rosiglitazone of 0.75 mg/kg. Wuling Power low, middle, and high groups received gavage with Wuling Power of 1.23, 3.69, 11.07 g/kg, respectively, the does volume was 0.2 mL/10 g, once a day. The weight and abdominal girth were detected every week. At the end of the sixth week, mice were given 12-hour fasting, and their eyeball were taken for blood. The body weight, length, and fat in abdomen and both kidneys were detected. Paraffin section was made with HE staining. FPG and FINS of each group were detected. ISI and IRI were calculated, and TC and TG were detected. Results Compared with the model group, Wuling Powder can significantly reduce the body weight and abdominal girth of mice (P<0.01, P<0.001), improve liver fatty degeneration, lower the FPG, FINS, TCH, TG, IRI, and increase the ISI in mice (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusions Wuling Powder has the effect of preventing insulin resistance of C57BL/6J mice induced by high lipid diet.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 687-689,693, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603021

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlative factors of anemia in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and to explore the impact of anemia on prognosis.Methods The clinical data of 473 patients with NSCLC treated at the first time from January 2008 to November 2012 in the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were analyzed retrospectively.Results There were 273 patients (57.72 %) with anemia.Anemia occurred in different age (x2 =3.459, P =3.459), different albumin level (x2 =70.648, P =70.648), different PS score (x2 =10.222, P =10.222), whether recent surgery (x2 =4.956, P =4.956), whether recent chemotherapy (x2 =3.627, P =0.037), and other factors.By multiple factors analysis, hypoalbuminemia was an independent risk factor for anemia (P < 0.05).The median OS of the anemia patients was shorter than that of the patients without anemia (15 months vs 17 months, P < 0.05).Conclusions Hypoalbuminemia is the independent risk factor for emergence of anemia.Anemia is the prognosis indicator of shorten survival period, which is an independent factor of prognosis in the NSCLC.

18.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6): 51-52,65, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600540

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a rotatable scalp acupuncture to enhance success rate of arteriovenous puncture during hospital treatment, field firstaid and evacuation.Methods The acupuncture was composed of a pinhead, a neilsbed, wings and a soft tube. The wings connected with each other to form a hole to hold the intermediate section of the neilsbed rotating in it. There was an index point in the middle of the head of the neilsbed, whose direction corresponded linearly with that of the inclined plane of the pinhead in the vessel.Results Clinical trials proved that the acupuncture could eliminate the failure of puncture due to tremble hands, incoordination of the patient and etc.Conclusion The acupuncture structured well is easy to operate for all conditions, and thus is worth popularizing practically.

19.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 44-46, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437297

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the immunologic mechanism of electroacupuncture at Sanyin points on chronic abacterial prostatitis rats. Methods Forty-eight male rats were divided randomly into normal group, model group, drug group and electroacupuncture group, 12 rats in each group. The animal model was made by SC purified prostate protein twice with immunologic adjuvant, and the rats in electroacupuncture group and drug group were treated by electroacupuncture at Sanyin points and feeding Cernilton for 15 days. The changes of prostate weight, index, pathology and contents of IgG, expressions of IL-2 and IL-8 in prostate homogenate were observed. Results Compared with normal group, the prostate weight and index were significantly increased in model group (P<0.05), the content of IgG was significantly increased (P<0.05), cytokine IL-2 and IL-8 were highly expressed (P<0.05, P<0.01), prostate tissue’s morphology and structure were significantly impaired in model group. Compared with model group, the prostate weight and index were significantly decreased in electroacupuncture group after treatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01), pathological changes reduced significantly, the content of IgG decreased significantly (P<0.05), the expressions of cytokine IL-2 and IL-8 were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the pathological manifestation of chronic inflammation was significantly improved. Conclusion Electroacupuncture at Sanyin points can reduce the secretion of local prostate antibody IgG, regulate the expression of cytokine IL-2 and IL-8, protect the morphology and structure of prostate tissue from damage. Electroacupuncture at Sanyin points can adjust local immunologic function and promote the recovery of prostate.

20.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 220-225, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471923

ABSTRACT

The stereoselective hydrolysis of esmolol in whole blood and in its separated components from rat,rabbit and human was investigated.Blood esterase activities were variable in different species in the order of rat > rabbit > human.Rat plasma showed the high esterase activity and had no stereoselectivity to enantiomers.Rabbit red blood cell (RBC) membrane,RBC cytosol and plasma all hydrolyzed esmolol but with different esterase activity,whereas the hydrolysis in RBC membrane and cytosol showed significant stereoselectivity towards R-(+)-esmolol.Esterase in RBC cytosol from human blood mainly contributed to the esmolol hydrolysis,which was demonstrated with no stereoselctivity.Esterase in human plasma showed a low activity,but a remarkable stereoselectivity with R-(+)-esmolol.In addition,the protein concentration affected the hydrolysis behavior of esmolol in RBC suspension.Protein binding of esmolol enantiomers in human plasma,human serum albumin (HSA) and α1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) revealed that there was a significant difference in bound fractions between two enantiomers,especially for AGP.Our results indicated that the stereoselective protein binding might play a role in the different hydrolysis rates of esmolol enantiomers in human plasma.

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