Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Add filters

Year range
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2745-2749, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998559


OBJECTIVE To optimize the extraction process of polysaccharides from Dendrobium officinale, and preliminarily study its effect on acute lung injury (ALI) in mice. METHODS Using D. officinale as raw material, the polysaccharides were extracted from D. officinale by ultrasonic-assisted hot water immersion. Using the extraction rate of D. officinale polysaccharides as response value, the single-factor experiments and Box-Behnken response surface method were used to optimize the ratio of material to liquid, extraction time and extraction temperature. ALI mice were induced by lipopolysaccharide. Using prednisone acetate (5 mg/kg) as the positive control, the effects on the mass ratio of wet and dry lung and pathological changes of lung tissue (HE staining and Masson staining) of low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose D. officinale polysaccharides (50,100,200 mg/kg) were investigated. RESULTS The optimal extraction technology of D. officinale polysaccharides was as follows: the ratio of material to liquid was 1∶25 (g/mL), the extracting time was 1 h, and the extracting temperature was 58 ℃ . Under these conditions, the average extraction rate of D. officinale polysaccharides was 37.75% (RSD=1.12%,n=3), the relative error of which with predicted value (38.63%) was 2.28%. Compared with the model group, the ratios of wet and dry lung in the positive control group and D. officinale polysaccharides groups were all decreased significantly (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and the pathological changes in lung tissue (severe destruction of alveolar structure, significant widening of alveolar septa, extensive infiltration of inflammatory cells and proliferation of fibroblasts) were alleviated to varying degrees. CONCLUSIONS The optimal extraction process of D. officinale polysaccharides is feasible; the obtained polysaccharide extract has a certain improvement effect on ALI in mice.

Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 148-152, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811672


Objective@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia and a preliminary study to explore the relationship between different clinical classification and liver damage.@*Methods@#Consecutively confirmed novel coronavirus infection cases admitted to seven designated hospitals during January 23, 2020 to February 8, 2020 were included. Clinical classification (mild, moderate, severe, and critical) was carried out according to the diagnosis and treatment program of novel coronavirus pneumonia (Trial Fifth Edition) issued by the National Health Commission. The research data were analyzed using SPSS19.0 statistical software. Quantitative data were expressed as median (interquartile range), and qualitative data were expressed as frequency and rate.@*Results@#32 confirmed cases that met the inclusion criteria were included. 28 cases were of mild or moderate type (87.50%), and four cases (12.50%) of severe or critical type. Four cases (12.5%) were combined with one underlying disease (bronchial asthma, coronary heart disease, malignant tumor, chronic kidney disease), and one case (3.13%) was simultaneously combined with high blood pressure and malignant tumor. The results of laboratory examination showed that the alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB), and total bilirubin (TBil) for entire cohort were 26.98 (16.88 ~ 46.09) U/L and 24.75 (18.71 ~ 31.79) U/L, 39.00 (36.20 ~ 44.20) g/L and 16.40 (11.34- ~ 21.15) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the mild or moderate subgroups were 22.75 (16.31- ~ 37.25) U/L, 23.63 (18.71 ~ 26.50) U/L, 39.70 (36.50 ~ 46.10) g/L, and 15.95 (11.34 ~ 20.83) mmol/L, respectively. ALT, AST, ALB and TBil of the severe or critical subgroups were 60.25 (40.88 ~ 68.90) U/L, 37.00 (20.88 ~ 64.45) U/L, 35.75 (28.68 ~ 42.00) g/L, and 20.50 (11.28 ~ 25.00) mmol/L, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The results of this multicenter retrospective study suggests that novel coronavirus pneumonia combined with liver damage is more likely to be caused by adverse drug reactions and systemic inflammation in severe patients receiving medical treatment. Therefore, liver function monitoring and evaluation should be strengthened during the treatment of such patients.

Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E150-E155, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862305


Objective A three-dimensional (3D) printing precise pressure device was designed specifically targeted at cambered limbs according to the requirement of postoperative rehabilitation of total knee replacement(TKR), and its effectiveness and safety was verified by finite element analysis. Methods Based on gastrocnemius muscle of lower limbs as the pressurized objects, the precise pressure device was designed, which contained an air pressure generating module, an inflatable airbag and a 3D printing brace. Through the closed loop control algorithm, the device stably supplied different pressures in the airbag. Distributed pressure data of the airbag-skin within contact surface were collected under different experimental conditions and imported into biomechanical simulation software which combined CT images to reconstruct 3D model of the lower limb mechanics. Finally, the effective compression area fraction and the joint micro-motion angle under each condition were obtained, to verify the effectiveness and safety of the system. Results Using generally preferred 4 cm-size offset and 4-barrel airbag configurations, under different intracapsular pressure of 5.32,6.65,7.98,9.31,10.64 kPa, the simulated knee joint micro-motion angles were 5.3°, 6.1°, 7.2°, 9.5°, 10.6°, respectively, and the effective compression area fraction could be up to 90-8%-95-2%. Conclusions For the optimized scheme, the dynamic range of joint micro-motion angle and the effective compression area fraction caused by different airbag pressure values were the best and met the design requirements of effectiveness and safety. The research findings can contribute to analyzing the influence of compression system on limb biomechanics, which are of great significance for effective and safe rehabilitation training after TKR.

China Pharmacy ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-532673


OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the derma safety of miconazole and chloramphenicol cream (MCC) for Guinea pigs.METHODS:Blank matrix,positive sensitizing agent (2,4-dinitro-chlorobenzene) and MCC (high dose and low dose) were applied on normal or damaged areas of the unhairing backs of Guinea pigs to conduct acute toxicity test,sensitivity test and irritation test,respectively.RESULTS:MCC caused no acute toxicity when applied on the skin of Guinea pigs,nor skin/systemic hypersensitive reaction was noted after repeated sensitization.Single or multiple dosing of MCC caused no irritation on normal skin of Guinea pigs but caused mild irritation on damaged skin which disappeared after 48 h or 72 h.CONCLUSION:MCC has good dermo safety for Guinea pigs.

China Pharmacy ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-533642


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and regularity of antineoplastic medicine-induced adverse drug reaction (ADR) occurred in our hospital. METHODS: 162 antineoplastic medicine-induced ADR cases reported in our hospital from 2005 to 2008 were analyzed statistically in respect of patients’age and sex, categories of drugs, route of administration, drug combination,organs and systems involved in ADR and clinical manifestation, etc. RESULTS: Of the total 162 ADR cases, proportion of men was similar to women. 68 cases (41.98%) were old persons aged older than 60. 123 cases(75.93%) were single use of drugs, 39 cases(24.07%) were combined use of drugs. 39.51% of ADR cases were induced by antineoplastic medicine made from plants and took up the first place in terms of incidence of ADR. 36.42% of ADR cases dominantly manifested as lesion of skin and its appendants. CONCLUSION: ADR monitoring of antineoplastic medicine should be strengthened to ensure rational and standardized use of antineoplastic medicine, avoid or reduce the occurrence of severe ADR.