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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930709

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to Understand the cognition of breastfeeding needs in perinatal period among parturients, International Board Certified Lactation Consultants and obstetric nurses, and analyze their differences, provide a theoretical basis for the development of interventions.Methods:Using the objective sampling method, 10 parturients, 6 International Board Certified Lactation Consultants and 6 obstetric nurses from a tertiary A specialist hospital in Shanghai from February to June in 2021 were selected for semi-structured depth interviews. The inteniew focused on the needs of breastfeeding in different stages of perinatal period.Results:Through analysis and induction, the following three themes were finally condensed. Cognitive differences in prenatal education: post-hospital breastfeeding support. Parturients lack prenatal awareness of breastfeeding initiatives and prefer problem-oriented feedback after childbirth to be addressed in a timely manner, but healthcare professionals consider it necessary to provide prenatal breastfeeding education to pregnant women. Inpatient nursing supports cognitive similarities and differences: there was agreement between parturients and healthcare professionals on strengthening post-natal health education and assessing needs for psychological change. The difference is that parturients are more likely to have information and guidance on milking, however, healthcare professionals believe that the focus is on providing guidance on breastfeeding techniques and strengthening professional training for medical personnel. Breastfeeding supports cognitive similarities and differences after discharge: both parturient and healthcare professionals want family and peer support in post-hospital breastfeeding support. The difference is that parturients want to be able to keep in touch with healthcare professionals on feedback issues, but healthcare professionals believe that further community support is needed.Conclusion:Parturient and healthcare professionals have different cognition of perinatal breastfeeding needs. Targeted interventions and personalized breastfeeding plans should be developed for their different cognitions, with a view to further improving the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in China and achieving the goal of healthy development for all.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883515

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease(PD)is the second most common neurodegenerative disease in the world;however,it lacks effective and safe treatments.Ginkgo biloba dropping pill(GBDP),a unique Chinese G.biloba leaf extract preparation,exhibits antioxidant and neuroprotective effects and has a potential as an alternative therapy for PD.Thus,the aims of this study were to evaluate the effects of GBDP in in vitro and in vivo PD models and to compare the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of GBDP and the G.biloba extract EGb 761.Using liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry,46 GBDP constitu-ents were identified.Principal component analysis identified differences in the chemical profiles of GBDP and EGb 761.A quantitative analysis of 12 constituents showed that GBDP had higher levels of several flavonoids and terpene trilactones than EGb 761,whereas EGb 761 had higher levels of organic acids.Moreover,we found that GBDP prevented 6-hydroxydopamine-induced dopaminergic neuron loss in zebrafish and improved cognitive impairment and neuronal damage in methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced PD mice.Although similar effects were observed after EGb 761 treatment,the neuroprotective effects were greater after GBDP treatment on several endpoints.In addition,in vitro results suggested that the Akt/GSK3β pathway may be involved in the neuroprotective effects of GBDP.These findings demonstrated that GBDP have potential neuroprotective effects in the treatment of PD.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772254

ABSTRACT

By removing a part of the structure, the tooth preparation provides restorative space, bonding surface, and finish line for various restorations on abutment. Preparation technique plays critical role in achieving the optimal result of tooth preparation. With successful application of microscope in endodontics for >30 years, there is a full expectation of microscopic dentistry. However, as relatively little progress has been made in the application of microscopic dentistry in prosthodontics, the following assumptions have been proposed: Is it suitable to choose the tooth preparation technique under the naked eye in the microscopic vision? Is there a more accurate preparation technology intended for the microscope? To obtain long-term stable therapeutic effects, is it much easier to achieve maximum tooth preservation and retinal protection and maintain periodontal tissue and oral function health under microscopic vision? Whether the microscopic prosthodontics is a gimmick or a breakthrough in obtaining an ideal tooth preparation should be resolved in microscopic tooth preparation. This article attempts to illustrate the concept, core elements, and indications of microscopic minimally invasive tooth preparation, physiological basis of dental pulp, periodontium and functions involved in tool preparation, position ergonomics and visual basis for dentists, comparison of tooth preparation by naked eyes and a microscope, and comparison of different designs of microscopic minimally invasive tooth preparation techniques. Furthermore, a clinical protocol for microscopic minimally invasive tooth preparation based on target restorative space guide plate has been put forward and new insights on the quantity and shape of microscopic minimally invasive tooth preparation has been provided.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755911

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of cerebrospinal fluid chimerism in central nervous relapse surveillance for patients of acute leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods The follow-up data were retrospectively collected and analyzed in 104 patients with acute leukemia after allo-HSCT.Comparisons were made between patients with complete chimerism and mixed chimerism in cerebrospinal fluid.The role of recipient DNA percentage and its changing trend in predicting central nervous relapse were also explored.Analysis was conducted for determining the risk factors of central nervous relapse.And the effectiveness of prophylaxis with intrathecal injection was also examined.Results The incidence of relapse was higher in patients with mixed chimerism (P<0.001),high percentage of recipient DNA (P<0.05) and higher mixed chimerism (P<0.001).Hyperleukocytosis at an initial diagnosis was a risk factor of central nervous relapse.Whether or not intrathecal injection prophylaxis was applied showed no significant difference in relapsing rate.Conclusions Monitoring cerebrospinal fluid chimerism can effectively help predict central nervous relapse among patients of acute leukemia after allo-HSCT.Yet intrathecal injection prophylaxis failed to benefit recipients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-493783

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact factors of psychological distress in patients with first diag-nosed lung cancer.Methods:The cross-sectional study was applied to newly diagnosed lung cancer pa-tients who received treatments in Cancer Center of West China Hospital of Sichuan University in Chengdu from June 201 3 to March 201 5 by distributed questionnaires.The general information of the patients,the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS)and distress management screening measure (DMSM) were included in the questionnaire to evaluate the states of distress,pain and the factors related to the distress of the patients.Results:The survey investigated a total of 390 patients with first diagnosed lung cancer,including 291 male patients and 99 female patients.The proportion of the patients with positive anxiety symptom was 26.7% (1 04 /390),with positive depression symptom was 27.7% (1 08 /390), and with positive distress symptom was 30.0% (1 1 7 /390).On the top five problem list of DMSMwere worry,disease treatment,breathing,pain and sleep.The Spearman correlation analysis showed that an-xiety score,depression score,and the pain intensity were positively correlated with the distress.Multiple linear regression analysis showed that gender (β=-0.209,P =0.003),age (β=-0.098,P =0.042),chronic disease (β=0.378,P <0.001 ),and pain score (β=0.1 00,P =0.029)could affect the distress of the patients.Smoking (β=0.1 1 1 ,P =0.041 )could affect the anxiety of newly diagnosed lung cancer patients.Conclusion:The gender,age,chronic disease and pain score of the patients are the independent factors of the psychological distress of first diagnosed lung cancer patients.Smoking is the predictive factors of the patients with anxiety.Controlling the pain intensity and the clinical process of chronic disease of the patients actively,solving the sleep and breathing problem and helping the patients to quit smoking progressively could alleviate the psychological distress of the patients.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261125

ABSTRACT

The target restoration space (TRS) is a required tooth space that should be occupied by an esthetically formed and optimally functioned crown, veneer, or other fixed restoration. It can be either internal of or external of a tooth. Since minimal invasive can't be achieved without a minimal TRS, a precise preparation of slightest damage should conform to the transfer guide based on TRS. This paper introduces the concept, design of TRS, explains how it can be applied in tooth preparation, and helps to better understand a precise and minimal invasive tooth preparation technique.


Subject(s)
Crowns , Humans , Tooth Preparation
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600664

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the necessity and feasibility of nucleic acid test(NAT)in clinical blood transfusion by the im-plementation of the nucleic acid testing after the ELISA screening of Zhengzhou blood donors.Methods HBV DNA,HCV RNA, HIV RNA were detected by Roche Cobas S201 system and Shanghai kehua screening system,the samples were mixed by 6×166.7μL and 8×180 μL(as one pool)separately.If the mix pool was negative,the result can be issued directly;if the pool was positive, than secondary single sample dectection must be taken and the secondary report was the final result.Results A total of 115 227 blood samples were screened by Roche Cobas S201 system and 130 mix pools were positive,among which 80 pools were reactive by secondary split testing,and the reactive samples were 86,the split ratio was 61.5%,The positive ratio of specimens was 0.75‰.90 359 samples were screened by kehua system,and the mixed pools were 93,among which 31 pools were reactive by secondary split testing,and the reactive samples were 31,the split ratio was 33.4%,The positive ratio of specimens was 0.34‰.So the total num-ber screened by the two systems was 205 586,among which 117 cases were reactive,the total positive ratio of specimens was 0.57‰.And one case was HIV window phase infection.Conclusion NAT could effectively decrease the risk of blood transfusion caused by omission of ELISA and ensure the safety of blood transfusion.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484602

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of cognitive behavioral intervention on quality of life and distress of cancer patients. Methods The research was a random control study, and computer randomized grouping, the experimental group and control group contained 64 cases, 66 cases, respectively. The control group only accepted health education, while experimental group accepted cognitive behavioral intervention twice a week. Before and after the research, the patients were investigated with quality of life and distress scale. Results After the study of cognitive behavioral intervention, quality of life of experimental group scored (71.7±17.5) points which showed greater improvement than the control group scored (63.9±18.3) points (t=2.2,P<0.05), the distress score of experimental group was (2.6±0.6) points which was significant lower than the control group scored (3.9 ±0.7) points (t=11.8, P<0.05), and the proportions of distress problems contained anxiety [42.2% (27/64)], pain [29.7% (19/64)], depression [35.9% (23/64)] and sleep [23.4% (15/64)] in the experimental group were all significant lower than the control group [60.6% (40/66), 47.0% (31/66), 53.0% (35/66), 39.4% (26/66)]( X2=4.4, 4.1, 3.9, 4.5, P<0.05). Conclusions Short-term group cognitive behavioral intervention can alleviate the distress and pain, improve their negative emotions and sleep, eventually improve the quality of life of cancer patients.

9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 333-336, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474086

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is a common inflammatory autoimmune disease. Angiogenesis is known to be a key pathogenic fea?ture of psoriasis. The elevation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has been demonstrated in the skin and plasma of patients with psoriasis. A number of case reports have indicated that VEGF inhibitor is effective in patients with psoriasis. VEGF inhibitors are consisted of three categories:anti-VEGF monoclonal antibodies, VEGF receptor antagonists and tyro?sine kinase inhibitors. This article reviewed the current clinical application and therapeutic potential of VEGF inhibitors in psoriasis .

10.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 467-469, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462295

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the dynamic change of pro‐and anti‐inflammatory eytokines of sepsis patients and its signif‐icance in clinical condition .Methods Forty‐three sepsis patients from 2010 to 2011 were divided into the survival group and the death group .Morning serum samples were collected on the first ,third ,firth and seventh day morning ;ELISA method was used to quantify the serum level of TNF‐α,IL‐1 ,IL‐4 and IL‐10 .The severity of patient′s condition was assessed according to the APACHEⅡsystem .Results In the early stage ,TNF‐α and IL‐1 in of both group increased and reached the peak on the third day ;then there was a gradual decline .Test in the same time point showed that the indexes of death group were all higher than that of survival group (P0 .05) .The APACHE Ⅱ of the survival group declined significantly while in death group it kept increasing and stay high .Conclusion Pro‐inflammatory eytokines(TNF‐α,IL‐1) ascended earlier than anti‐in‐flammatory eytokines(IL‐4 ,IL‐10) ,and the serum level of IL‐10 keep high level prompt the poor prognosis .

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442293

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of the central venous catheter (CVC) specialized for drainage intervention in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients.Methods Sixty-two severe acute pancreatitis patients with seroperitoneum were randomly (random number) assigned into two groups:the drainage group (n =31) and the control group (n =31).All patients were treated with conventional internal medicine therapy.Patients of drainage group were treated with continuous peritoneal drainage by using the central venous catheter.The intra-abdominal pressure (IAP),lactic acid (LAC),and procalcitonin (PCT) were detected before and 12 h,24 h,48 h,72 h,5 days after intraperitoneal drainage.The symptoms of abdomen pain,abdomen distention,resume of bowel movement and the rate of MODS were observed.Results All patients with drainage got catheter successfully inserted.Compared with the control group,the IAP,LAC and PCT decreased significantly in the patients of drainage group.And the duration of abdomen pain,abdomen distention and resume of bowel movement function in the drainage group were shorter and the rate of MODS was lower.Conclusions Application of CVC specialized for intraperitoneal drainage is a safe and effective method for the treatment of pancreatitis with seroperitoneum.It is worthwhile to be widely used in clinic.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427037

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the applicability and superiority of modified Seldinger technique (MST).MethodsTotally 108 patients receiving peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) through vascular ultrasound combined with MST technology were enrolled as MST group and another 108 patients receiving PICC using traditional direct vision method as control group.The first puncture success rate,PICC succesa rate,catheterization time required,and early complication rate were compared between these two groups.ResultsThe first puncture success rate was 88.89% in MST group and 72.22% in control group (P=0.002) ; the catheterization success rate was 82.41% in MST group and 57.41% in control group ( P =0.000).In the MST group,there were two cases where the catheter within neck was ectopic ( P =0.003 ),two cases experienced bleeding at the puncture sites (P =0.017),three cases had phlebitis (P =0.001 ),and one case suffered from catheter blockage (P=0.010).In the eontrol group,the corresponding numbers were 13,10,18,and 9.However,the time required for PICC showed no significant difference between these two groups (P=0.685).In the MST group,15 cases were catheterized in less than 15 minutes,72 cases between 15 and 25 minutes,and 21 cases for more than 25 minutes.In the control group,12 cases were catheterized in less than 15 minutes,70 cases between 15 and 25 minutes,and 26 cases for more than 25 minutes.ConclusionPICC through MST can be more effective in positioning the targeting blood vessels,increasing the success rate of catheter insertion,reducing various tissue damages,and lowering potential complications.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 45-50, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414931

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the effects of indirubin on ATP-induced immune responses of macrophages. For this, neutral red dye uptake method was used to test phagocytosis, MTT assay was used for measuring cell death, and reactive oxygen species (ROS) was tested with fluorescent probe DHE. The data showed that extracellular ATP attenuated phagocytosis, induced cell death and increased ROS production, and these effects were restored by pre-treating with indirubin. This result suggested that indirubin blockade the effects of ATP on macrophages, because extracellular ATP-induced effects are dependent on P2 receptors, in particular P2X7 receptors. Furthermore, the effects of indirubin on the activation of P2 receptors were tested, in particular P2X7 receptors. The data showed that indirubin significantly decreased ATP-induced, P2 receptors mediated intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) rise and inhibited P2X7 receptor-based ethidium bromide (EB) dye uptake. These results suggested the inhibitory effects of indirubin on the activation of P2X7 receptors, which may underlying the effects on ATP induced ROS production, phagocytosis attenuation and cell death of macrophages.

14.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 189-194, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499709

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the inhibitory mechanism of emodin on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced nitric oxide(NO)generation in rat peritoneal macrophages.Methods NO production and iNOS expression were measured through nitrite assay and Western blotting assay,respectively.NF-kB activity and nuclei P65 expression were estimated by dual-luciferase and Western blotting assay,respectively.Intracellular free Ca2+([Ca2+]i)was detected using the ratiometric fluorescent calcium indicator dye,Fura-2,and a microspectrofluorometer.PLC-γphosporylation was analyzed by Western blotting assay.Results First,emodin was found playing active roles in suppressing LPS-induced NF-kB activation in rat peritoneal macrophages.Second,emodin down-regulated transient[Ca2*]i and could increase in NF-kB upstream signal.Finally,emodin suppressed phosphorylation of PLC-γ by LPS stimulation in the upstream of[Ca2+]i.Conclusion Suppression of PLC-γ phosphorylation is involved in emodin inhibiting NO generation by LPS stimulation in rat peritoneal macrophages.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394340

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) relat-ed infections, study the types of pathogens and their drug sensitivities in order to supply evidence for clini-cal medication. Methods 110 cancer patients were analyzed for PICC related infections and blood sam-pies underwent bacterial culture. Results Of 110 cases of cancer patients, catheter-related infections were found in 11 patients (10.00%), including 9 cases of local infection (8.18%), and 2 cases of hemato-ge-nous infection (1.82%). Catheter-related infections were not associated with gender, age, types of catheter, venous selection, and the inserted length of intravenous catheter. Catheter- related infections were likely to be associated with the indwelling time of catheters. Conclusions To avoid the infections related to long-term PICC, strict aseptic operation and standardized maintaining procedures are required.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-582609

ABSTRACT

Objective Summarize the lesion characters, procedure results and clinical follow up results of the elderly patients with coronary heart disease who underwent coronary angioplasty Methods 53 cases of coronary heart disease patients undergoing PTCA and stenting were ≥65 years old 35 were male, 18 were female 33 patients were diagnosed acute Q wave myocardial infarction, 2 patients acute non Q wave myocardial infarction, 14 patients unstable angina pectoris, and 4 patients coronary heart disease with severe heart failure PTCA and stenting were performed with conventional method, and temporary pacemakers were used if necessary Heparin was used if target vessel were involved in small vessels or the patients had multivessel diffuse lesions or PTCA was performed in more than one vessel Results Multivessel diffuse severe atherosclerosis was common in elderly patients The lesions were complex, and the procedures were difficult The success rate was 98% and the mortality was 11% during hospitalization 30 patients were follow up in 8 7?5 4 months, during which 11 (36%) patients had angina, 1 (3 5%) patients suffered acute myocardium infarction, 1 (3 5%) patient died of cerebral infarction, and the other 17 patients were asymptomatic Conclusion PTCA for the elderly patients is feasible The lesions in elderly patients with coronary heart disease are complex, the procedures are difficult and the mortality in hospitalization and the recurrent of ischemic chest pain are higher However, if we sufficiently estimate the lesion′s characters, PTCA can be safely performed in the elderly patients, and PTCA is the better method for elderly patients than medicine treatment

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-591373

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare a kind of one-off self-heating material for physical therapy and health care. Methods Polymer in salt solid electrolyte(SPE)was prepared with urea, thiourea and polyethelene glycol(PEG). The SPE was chosen to prepare a self-heating material through mixing with reduced iron powder and activated carbon powder. Results The self-heating material was in solid state and performed satisfactory. It released heat when contacted with air and was in dormancy when isolated from air. Conclusion SPE can be used for solid self-heating material through mixing with metal powder and activated carbon powder. The self-heating material can be used for mount of ointment and for other heat-wanted one-off medical use.

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