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1.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168312

ABSTRACT

Background: Side branch occlusion is a well known complication of percutaneous coronary intervention. Although occlusion of small side branches is well tolerated, occlusion of larger side branches may cause more serious complications. After PCI the incidence of complications in patients with compromised side branches smaller than 2 mm is small. Compromising side branches larger than 2 mm can be accompanied by clinical outcomes as non Q-wave MI. This study was undertaken to assess the in-hospital outcomes of compromised small (<2mm) side branch after percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: This cross sectional analytical study was carried out in the department of cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka during the period of September 2011 to June 2012. A total of 100 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease who underwent elective PCI were included in the study. Study patients were divided into two groups on the basis of presence of compromised small (< 2 mm) side branch. In Group- I, small (< 2 mm) side branch were compromised after PCI and in Group- II, side branches were patent after PCI, with 50 patients in each group. In-hospital outcome were evaluated in both groups. Result: There were no significant differences of the baseline clinical demographics between two groups. Post PCI angina was higher in group I than group II (10.0% vs. 9.0%). Non ST elevation myocardial infarction and significant arrhythmia was identical in both groups (2.0% vs. 2.0%) but hypotension was more in group II than group I (4.0% vs. 2.0%). The findings were statistically insignificant between the study groups. There was no mortality, emergency CABG within 24 hours, ST elevation myocardial infarction, cardiogenic shock or acute left ventricular failure during their hospital course in either group. Conclusion: The present study concluded that compromised small (<2mm) side branch after percutaneous coronary intervention was not associated with adverse in-hospital outcome.

2.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168270

ABSTRACT

Background: Contrast-Induced Nephropathy (CIN) is an iatrogenic disorder, resulting from exposure to contrast media. The association between pre-procedural blood glucose levels and CI-AKI risk (regardless of pre-existing diabetes) is unknown. The present study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of CI-AKI in patients with admission hyperglycemia in non-diabetic ACS patients. Methods: This is Prospective, observational study done in the department of Cardiology, National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka. Considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, 50 patients were non diabetic with ACS with normal blood glucose (d”7.8 mmol/l or d”140 mg/dl) in (Group I) and 50 patients were non diabetic with ACS with high blood glucose (>7.8 mmol/l or >140 mg/dl) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in (Group II). On admission random blood glucose was measured. Non- ionic low osmolar contrast agents (lopamidol) was used in all patients. Serum creatinine, serum electrolytes was measured and creatinine clearance rate was determined within 24 hours before PCI and day 1 and 2 after PCI. Results: The incidence of CIN was 24% in high blood glucose group and 4% in normal blood glucose group (p=0.004). It was also observed that gradual incremental increase in risk of CIN associated with higher admission blood glucose level. There was positive correlation between s. creatinine and admission blood glucose but it showed negative correlation between CCr and admission blood glucose after PCI in ACS patients not known to be diabetic. Conclusion: The present study reveals that index admission high blood glucose in acute coronary syndrome patients not known to be diabetic is associated with increased incidence of contrast induced nephropathy after percutaneous coronary intervention.

3.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168053

ABSTRACT

Background: Besides conventional classic risk factors of ischaemic heart disease other variables that have come under scrutiny for their potential contribution include estrogen deficiency, lipoprotein (a), plasma fibrinogen, plasminogen-activator inhibitor type I, endogenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), C-reactive protein and homocysteine. A number of studies have been undertaken worldwide shows strong correlation of raised fasting plasma homocysteine level with the development of atherosclerotic vascular diseases, myocardial infarction or increasing severity of coronary artery diseases. Objective: To find out the correlation of fasting plama homocysteine level with the severity of coronary artery disease in our population. Method: We undertook a study involving 100 patients of ischaemic heart disease (determined clinically & by non-invasive tests) in National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Dhaka, Bangladesh, over the period of one year from January 2003 to December 2003. Out of 100 patients, 50 patients having normal homocysteine level were considered as control and another 50 patients having raised plasma homocysteine level were taken as cases. Result: Out of 50 patients, 20% had single vessel disease, 48% had double vessel disease and 32% had 3 vessel diseases. On the other hand in control group 10% patients had normal coronary artery disease, 40% had single vessel disease, 32% had double vessel disease and 18% had triple vessel disease. Conclusion: The study showed significant increase in number of coronary artery involvement by atherosclerotic lesions with increasing levels of plasma homocysteine level.

4.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-168025

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with angina pectoris or myocardial infarction are more likely to experience stroke. Ischaemic stroke has been found to develop in approximately 2-5% of patients in the first 1- 2 weeks after myocardial infarction Methods: Fifty patients with coronary artery disease admitted to the National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases (NICVD), Dhaka, were screened for presence of carotid atherosclerosis by duplex ultrasound study during the period of July 98 to August 98. Results: Carotid lesion were found in 34 patients (68%) and normal carotids found in 16 patients (32%). Age range of patients with and without carotid lesions was 56±5.39 yrs and 47±7.91 yrs respectively. Out of 34 patients, 30 were male (88.2%) and 4 were female (11.7%). 29 patients (85.3%) were smokers, 22 patients (64.7%) were hypertensive and 9 patients (26.4%) were diabetic. Dyslipidaemia was found in 16 patients (47%) and a history of transient ischaemic attack (TIA) was found in 10 patients (29.4%). A coexistent CAD on coronary (CAG) was found in 31 patients (91.1%). Conclusion: Cortaid duplex ultrasound study findings of atherosclerotic lesions in Carotid arteries are good predictors of CAD.

5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36277

ABSTRACT

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been recognized as a nosocomial pathogen in Europe and North America for almost 3 decades. More recently it has emerged as a problem in long-term care facilities. However, It has been less frequently considered a pathogen in community-acquired infections, where it is most often seen in intravenous drug users. Consequently there has been very few studies, particularly in Bangladesh, documenting incidence of ciprofloxacin-resistance among MRSA in community patients. We tested clinical isolates from outdoor patients for ciprofloxacin resistance among MRSA strains, using in vitro susceptibility tests by standard disk diffusion technique. Results show significantly high incidence of ciprofloxacin resistance among MRSA isolates in these patients.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Bangladesh/epidemiology , Ciprofloxacin/pharmacology , Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Humans , Methicillin Resistance , Retrospective Studies , Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects
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