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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 564-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore a surgical method for the reconstruction of volar soft tissue defect and sensory and vascular repair in middle and far phalangeal digits.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2020, a total of 14 patients , 9 males and 5 females, ages ranging from 22 to 69 years old, and with volar soft tissue defects in the middle and distal digits 2 to 4, underwent surgical reconstruction using the V-Y shaped flap with digital artery and nerve at the metacarpophalangeal joint. The defect area was (2.0~2.5) cm×(1.5 ~2.0) cm. The procedure involved the harvest of a V-Y shaped flap with the digital artery and nerve from the metacarpophalangeal joint. Flap design, dissection of blood vessels and nerves, and anastomosis with the digital artery and nerve were performed according to a standardized protocol., Functional exercise of affected finger was initiated 3 weeks postoperatively. Subsequent assessments were conducted to evaluate finger pulp sensation, shape and other relevant parameters. According to the upper extremity functional evaluation standard set up by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, the surgical outcomes were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#All 14 cases demonstrated successful tissue transplantation, , with immediate recovery of sensation observed in 10 cases with distal finger pulp defects. Four patients with middle phalangeal defects experienced gradual sensory recovery within 2 to 3 months postoperatively. Thirteen patients were followed up for a mean duration of (8.8 ± 4.49) months, during which satisfactory outcomes were observed. The average two-point resolution of the finger pulp was 4-6mm, and sensory function evaluation yielded a score of S3 or above. Patients exhibited realistic finger shape, normal skin color and temperature, good wear resistance, and cold resistance. Furthermore, finger joint function was essentially normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The V-Y shaped flap with digital artery and nerve at the metacarpophalangeal joint offers a suitable solution for repairing the defect of the middle or distal phalangeal finger. This technique is characterized by its simplicity, low risk, and favorable outcomes, including restored finger shape, blood supply and sensation. Moreover, high patient satisfaction was achieved.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Finger Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Fingers/surgery , Ulnar Artery/surgery , Metacarpophalangeal Joint/surgery
3.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 260-266, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935788

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the dynamic changes of brainstem locus coeruleus (LC) damage in Parkinson' s disease (PD) -like mice by paraquat (PQ) . Methods: In October 2019, 36 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into the exposure group and the control group, with 18 mice in each group. The mice in the exposure group were given intraperitoneal injection of 15 mg/kg PQ, and the mice in the control group were given intraperitoneal injection of 0.9% saline, twice a week for 8 weeks. Neurobehavioral changes (pole climbing test, swimming test, open field test, tail hanging test, high plus maze test and water maze test) were observed at 4 weeks, 6 weeks and 8 weeks, respectively, and the changes of motor ability, emotion and cognitive function were evaluated. The brain tissue of mice were taken and stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) to observe the pathological changes of LC. Nissl staining was used to detect the changes of neuronal Nissl bodies in LC. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining was used to detect the expression of neuron nuclear antigen (NeuN) , dopamine (DA) neurons and norepinephrine (NE) neuron markers tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) , α-synuclein (α-syn) in substantia nigra (SN) and LC. The expression levels of NeuN, TH and α-syn in the midbrain and brainstem were detected by Western blotting. TUNEL staining was used to detect neuronal apoptosis in LC. Results: Compared with the 4th week of PQ exposure group, the time of pole climbing and swimming immobility were gradually increased, the ratio of open arm residence time of high plus maze test and the number of times of the platform and the residence time of platform quadrant in water maze test were gradually decreased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. The results of HE and Nissl staining showed that the neurons in LC gradually arranged loosely, the nucleus were deeply stained, the cytoplasm was pyknosis, and the number of Nissl bodies gradually decreased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. IHC results showed that the number of NeuN and TH positive cells in SN and LC of mice were gradually decreased, and the positive expression of α-syn was gradually increased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. Western blotting results showed that the expression levels of NeuN and TH in the midbrain and brainstem were gradually decreased, and the expression level of α-syn was gradually increased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. TUNEL staining showed that the apoptosis rates of neurons in LC were gradually increased (P<0.05) in the exposure group with the progress of exposure time. Conclusion: PQ induces progressive damage in the LC area of PD-like mice, which may be caused by the abnormal accumulation of pathological α-syn in the LC area.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Dopaminergic Neurons , Locus Coeruleus/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Paraquat/toxicity , Parkinson Disease/metabolism , Substantia Nigra , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 161-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935768

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the intestinal time-dependent changes in Parkinson's disease (PD) mouse model constructed by intraperitoneal injection of paraquat (PQ) and to establish the brain-gut axis connection initially. Methods: In October 2019, 48 mice were randomly divided into treated group and control groups: treated 4-week (P-4) group, treated 6-week (P-6) group, treated 8-week (P-8) group, control 4-week (C-4) group, control 6-week (C-6) group, and control 8-week (C-8) group. The treated group was injected with 15 mg/kg PQ solution and the control group was injected with 0.9% saline (0.2 ml/20 g) by intraperitoneal injection twice a week. After the initial state (0 weeks) and the treatment at the end of 4, 6 and 8 weeks, the mood changes and motor functions of mice were assessed by neurobehavioral tests (open field test, pole climbing test, tail suspension test and elevated plus maze test) . And the number of fecal pellets for 1 h and water content were calculated to assess the functional status of the gastrointestinal tract. Western blotting experiments were performed to detect the expression levels of α-synuclein (α-syn) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in the nigrostriatal region of the mouse brain, the tight junction markers zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) and Occludin, the inflammatory markers of integrin αM subunit (CD11b) , inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) , high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) , interleukin-1β (IL-1β) , and the neuronal markers βⅢ-tubulin and α-syn protein in the colon.Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect the expression levels of colonic tight junction proteins ZO-1 and Occludin. Immunofluorescence staining was performed to detect the expression levels of TH in the substantia nigra region of the midbrain, and the co-localization of colonic intestine neuronal marker (βⅢ-tubulin) and Ser129 α-syn in the colonic. Results: Compared with the initial state (0 weeks) and C-8 group, mice in the P-8 group had significantly higher pole climbing test scores and resting time, and significantly lower total active distance, mean active speed, percentage of open arm entry and 1 h fecal instances (P<0.05) . After poisoning, the 1 h fecal water content of model mice first increased and then decreased, the P-4 and P-6 groups were significantly higher than the simultaneous point control group, and the P-8 groups were significantly lower than the initial state (P<0.05) . Compared with control, P-4 and P-6 groups, the expression levels of ZO-1 and Occludin in the P-8 group were significantly decreased (P<0.05) . Compared with control group, the expression levels of CD11b and IL-1β in the P-4 group were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with control and P-4 group, the expression levels of CD11b, iNOS, HMGB1 and IL-1β in the P-6 and P-8 groups were significantly increased (P<0.05) . Compared with the control and P-4 groups, the expression levels of βⅢ-tubulin in the colon of mice in the P-8 group were significantly decreased, and the expression levels of α-syn and Ser129 α-syn were significantly increased (P<0.05) . The expression level of Ser129 α-syn in the colon of model mice was negatively correlated with the expression level of βⅢ-tubulin (r(s)=-0.9149, 95%CI: -0.9771--0.7085, P<0.001) . Ser129 α-syn and βⅢ-tubulin co-localization in the colonic intermuscular plexus region increased gradually with the time of exposure. Compared with the control, P-4 and P-6 groups, the expression level of TH in the nigrostriatal region of the brain was significantly decreased, and the expression levels of α-syn and Ser129 α-syn were significantly increased in the P-8 group (P<0.05) . Correlation analysis showed that the relative expression level of Ser129 α-syn in the nigrostriatal region of the brain was negatively correlated with the expression level of TH in the model mice (r(s)=-0.9716, 95% CI: -0.9925--0.8953, P<0.001) . Conclusion: The PD mouse model is successfully established by PQ, and the intestinal function of the model mice is reduced in a time-dependent manner. And on this basis, it is preliminary determined that the abnormal aggregation of α-syn may be an important substance connecting the brain-gut axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Brain-Gut Axis , Disease Models, Animal , HMGB1 Protein , Intestines , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Occludin , Paraquat/toxicity , Parkinson Disease , Tubulin , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/metabolism , Water
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2845-2858, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939935

ABSTRACT

PD-1 and PD-L1 antibodies have brought about extraordinary clinical benefits for cancer patients, and their indications are expanding incessantly. Currently, most PD-1/PD-L1 agents are administered intravenously, which may be uncomfortable for some cancer patients. Herein, we develop a novel oral-delivered small molecular, YPD-29B, which specifically targets human PD-L1. Our data suggested that YPD-29B could potently and selectively block the interaction between PD-L1 and PD-1, but did not inhibit any other immune checkpoints. Mechanistically, YPD-29B induced human PD-L1 dimerization and internalization, which subsequently activated T lymphocytes and therefore overcomes immunity tolerance in vitro. YDP-29B was modified as the YPD-30 prodrug to improve druggability. Using humanized mice with human PD-1 xenografts of human PD-L1 knock-in mouse MC38 cancer cells, we demonstrated that YPD-30 exhibited significant antitumor activity and was well tolerated in vivo. Taken together, our results indicate that YPD-30 serves as a promising therapeutic candidate for anti-human PD-L1 cancer immunotherapy.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 358-363, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873406

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo screen out the mRNAs involved in the resistance of hepatoma cells to anlotinib using ceRNA microarray. MethodsHigh-dose shock combined with low-dose induction was used to culture hepatoma cells resistant to anlotinib, and CCK8 assay was used to verify the difference in the proliferation of drug-resistant hepatoma cells treated by anlotinib. The ceRNA microarray was used to screen out the differentially expressed genes between drug-resistant hepatoma cells and normal hepatoma cells, and real-time PCR was used to verify the differentially expressed genes detected by some microarrays. the independent samples t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the overall survival of hepatoma cells samples, and the log-rank test was used to compare survival rates. Fisher’s exact test was used for chip screening. ResultsThere was a significant difference in gene expression between drug-resistant hepatoma cells and normal hepatoma cells, and 10 genes with the greatest difference were screened out for analysis by reducing the range. There were 4 genes associated with drug resistance and tumor growth, i.e., BIRC2, BIRC7, ABCC2, and MAPK8. There were significant reductions in the expression levels of BIRC2, ABCC2, and MAPK8 (P=0001 4, 0001 2, and 0.011 8), and there was a significant increase in the expression of BIRC7 (P<0.001). The results of real-time PCR were consistent with those of microarray (t=10.74,32.65,18.34, and 2.80; P=0.000 4, 0.000 1, 0.000 1, and 0.044 8). The high expression of BIRC7 and the low expression of MAPK8 were associated with the significant reduction in survival time (P=0.022 0 and 0.005 6). ConclusionBIRC2, BIRC7, ABCC2, and MAPK8 are differentially expressed between anlotinib-resistant hepatoma cells and normal hepatoma cells and may be involved in the resistance of hepatoma cells to anlotinib.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 61-67, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781607

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) offers a new approach for adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). The study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of tACS treating MDD.@*METHODS@#This is an 8-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Ninety-two drug-naive patients with MDD aged 18 to 65 years will receive 20 daily 40-min, 77.5-Hz, 15-mA sessions of active or sham tACS targeting the forehead and both mastoid areas on weekdays for 4 consecutive weeks (week 4), following a 4-week observation period (week 8). The primary outcome is the remission rate defined as the 17-item Hamilton depression rating scale (HDRS-17) score ≤7 at week 8. Secondary outcomes are the rates of response at weeks 4 and 8 and rate of remission at week 4 based on HDRS-17, the proportion of participants having improvement in the clinical global impression-improvement, the change in HDRS-17 score (range, 0-52, with higher scores indicating more depression) over the study, and variations of brain imaging and neurocognition from baseline to week 4. Safety will be assessed by vital signs at weeks 4 and 8, and adverse events will be collected during the entire study.@*DISCUSSION@#The tACS applied in this trial may have treatment effects on MDD with minimal side effects.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800016479; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=22048.

8.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1263-1268, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742660

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the safe movement angle of a 23-gauge(G)cannula in double-channel silicone oil(SO)removal surgery.<p>METHODS: From March 2017 to September 2017, 15 patients with SO filled eyes were enrolled in this retrospective analysis. Based on ultrasound biomicroscopy(UBM), the distance from the front surface of the sclera at the 2 o'clock and the 10 o'clock positions to the SO bubble at 4 mm behind the corneal limbus was measured and defined as “A”. The length of the 23G cannula(4 mm)was defined as “C”. The width of the scleral inner wall at the maximum operating angle of the scleral trocar was defined as “B”. The safe movement angle of the 23G cannula was determined according to the trigonometric function table. Using the self-made SO removal device connected to the 23G puncture cannula, the SO was successfully removed from all patients.<p>RESULTS: The average SO removal time for all patients was 4.78±0.13min. The trigonometric function was used to work out the distance from the scleral front surface to the SO bubble, which was 0.82-2.81(1.62±0.41)mm at the 2 o'clock position, and 0.98-2.19(1.71±0.34)mm at the 10 o'clock position. Finally, the verification analysis using geometric model calculation showed that the optimal movement angle of the cannula was 52°.<p>CONCLUSION:Combining the trigonometric function and UBM measurement to calculate the safe movement angle of a 23G cannula can effectively guide the moving range of the trocar during SO removal. A movement angle of the cannula larger than 50° may avoid the occurrence of a retinal tear.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1035-1049, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774924

ABSTRACT

Managing the dysregulated host response to infection remains a major challenge in sepsis care. Chinese treatment guideline recommends adding XueBiJing, a five-herb medicine, to antibiotic-based sepsis care. Although adding XueBiJing further reduced 28-day mortality modulating the host response, pharmacokinetic herb-drug interaction is a widely recognized issue that needs to be studied. Building on our earlier systematic chemical and human pharmacokinetic investigations of XueBiJing, we evaluated the degree of pharmacokinetic compatibility for XueBiJing/antibiotic combination based on mechanistic evidence of interaction risk. Considering both XueBiJing‒antibiotic and antibiotic‒XueBiJing interaction potential, we integrated informatics-based approach with experimental approach and developed a compound pair-based method for data processing. To reflect clinical reality, we selected for study XueBiJing compounds bioavailable for drug interactions and 45 antibiotics commonly used in sepsis care in China. Based on the data of interacting with drug metabolizing enzymes and transporters, no XueBiJing compound could pair, as perpetrator, with the antibiotics. Although some antibiotics could, due to their inhibition of uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronosyltransferase 2B15, organic anion transporters 1/2 and/or organic anion-transporting polypeptide 1B3, pair with senkyunolide I, tanshinol and salvianolic acid B, the potential interactions (resulting in increased exposure) are likely desirable due to these XueBiJing compounds' low baseline exposure levels. Inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase by 7 antibiotics probably results in undesirable reduction of exposure to protocatechuic acid from XueBiJing. Collectively, XueBiJing/antibiotic combination exhibited a high degree of pharmacokinetic compatibility at clinically relevant doses. The methodology developed can be applied to investigate other drug combinations.

10.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 984-988, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703914

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate whether remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) applied to patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) could affect circulating miR-208b level or not. Methods:Patients diagnosed with STEMI undergoing PCI from January 2016 to July 2017 were enrolled from the Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University.The patients were randomly allocated to two groups: (1) control group (n=25), PCI alone; (2) RIC group (n=50), PCI combined with RIC (three cycles of 5 min inflation and 5 min deflation of the right lower limb with blood pressure cuff performed before reperfusion). Serum miR-208b was measured before and immediately, at 24 h, and 48 h after PCI with real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: The expression of miR-208b was significantly higher immediately post PCI than that before operation in the control group (84.1±9.0 vs 77.8±9.4; P=0.032), while it was significantly lower immediately post PCI than that before operationin RIC group (71.0±9.3 vs 77.4±8.8; P=0.028).miR-208b level was similar before PCI between the control and RIC groups (P=0.874), which was significantly reduced immediately post PCI in RIC group as compared with the control group (P=0.021).The peak value of creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) in the limb RIC group was significantly lower than that in the control group ([135.2±18.6] U/L vs [167.7±17.2] U/L; P=0.038).The area under the CK-MB curve of the RIC group was significantly smaller than that of the control group ([3 060.7±17.1] U/L vs [3 635.9±15.1] U/L); P=0.047]. The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in RIC group was significantly higher than that in the control group ([57.8±7.8]% vs [51.9±7.9]%; P=0.003) post PCI. The expression level of serum miR-208b was positively correlated with CK-MB AUC in RIC group (r=0.498, P<0.001). Conclusions: RIC of the lower limb prior to PCI could reduce miR-208b level and improve cardiac functionin STEMI patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 485-489, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658700

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the nature of the suprachoroidal fluid by detecting the concentration of total protein (TP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (CHOL), total bilirubin (TBIL) in suprachoroidal liquid of patients who have rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with choroid detachment (RRDCD). Methods Eighteen RRDCD patients (18 eyes) who underwent vitrectomy were enrolled in this study. There were 10 males (10 eyes) and 8 females (8 eyes), 8 right eyes and 10 left eyes. There were 8 patients with age of ≤55 years, 10 patients with age of >55 years. There were 7 patients with duration of≤30 days, 11 patients with duration of >30 days. There were 7 eyes with diopters of ≥-6.0 D, 11 eyes with diopters of <-6.0 D. There were 11 eyes with class C proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), 7 eyes with class D PVR. Suprachoroidal fluid samples were collected from all the patients, and took preoperative serum samples as RRDCD group. Ten serum samples of normal people were set as control group. The concentration of TP, LDH, ALB, CHOL, TBIL in all the subjects were measured. The properties of the suprachoroidal fluid were identified by Light standard and concentration standard of ALB, CHOL, TBIL. Results There was no difference on the concentration of TP, LDH, ALB, CHOL, TBIL from suprachoroidal fluid samples in the patients with different age, sex, eyes, diopter, PVR grade (P>0.05). There was no difference on the concentration of TP, LDH, ALB, CHOL, TBIL from preoperative serum samples in the patients between RRDCD group and control group (P>0.05). There was no difference on the concentration of ALB and CHOL from suprachoroidal fluid samples and preoperative serum samples in the RRDCD patients (P>0.05), but there were significant differences on the concentration of TP, LDH, TBIL (P<0.05). According to the Light standard, there were 17 cases of exudates and 1 case of transudate. According to the concentration standard of ALB, CHOL and TBIL, there were 14, 18, and 16 cases of exudates, and 4, 0, and 2 cases of transudate, respectively. There was no difference on the identification result of Light standard and concentration standard of ALB, CHOL, TBIL (χ2=2.090, 1.029, 0.364;P>0.05). Conclusion The suprachoroidal fluid of RRDCD patients composed of TP, LDH, CHOL and TBIL. The suprachoroidal fluid is more likely to be exudate.

12.
Journal of Medical Informatics ; (12): 84-87, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669145

ABSTRACT

The paper analyzes the difficulties in reading promotion of libraries of medical colleges,states the countermeasures,and indicates that libraries of medical colleges shall perfect the reading promotion system,improve the reading promotion mechanism,set up the reading promotion department,innovate the reading promotion activity mode,enrich featured medical reading promotion activities,and construct the reading culture for medical students.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 485-489, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661619

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the nature of the suprachoroidal fluid by detecting the concentration of total protein (TP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), albumin (ALB), total cholesterol (CHOL), total bilirubin (TBIL) in suprachoroidal liquid of patients who have rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with choroid detachment (RRDCD). Methods Eighteen RRDCD patients (18 eyes) who underwent vitrectomy were enrolled in this study. There were 10 males (10 eyes) and 8 females (8 eyes), 8 right eyes and 10 left eyes. There were 8 patients with age of ≤55 years, 10 patients with age of >55 years. There were 7 patients with duration of≤30 days, 11 patients with duration of >30 days. There were 7 eyes with diopters of ≥-6.0 D, 11 eyes with diopters of <-6.0 D. There were 11 eyes with class C proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR), 7 eyes with class D PVR. Suprachoroidal fluid samples were collected from all the patients, and took preoperative serum samples as RRDCD group. Ten serum samples of normal people were set as control group. The concentration of TP, LDH, ALB, CHOL, TBIL in all the subjects were measured. The properties of the suprachoroidal fluid were identified by Light standard and concentration standard of ALB, CHOL, TBIL. Results There was no difference on the concentration of TP, LDH, ALB, CHOL, TBIL from suprachoroidal fluid samples in the patients with different age, sex, eyes, diopter, PVR grade (P>0.05). There was no difference on the concentration of TP, LDH, ALB, CHOL, TBIL from preoperative serum samples in the patients between RRDCD group and control group (P>0.05). There was no difference on the concentration of ALB and CHOL from suprachoroidal fluid samples and preoperative serum samples in the RRDCD patients (P>0.05), but there were significant differences on the concentration of TP, LDH, TBIL (P<0.05). According to the Light standard, there were 17 cases of exudates and 1 case of transudate. According to the concentration standard of ALB, CHOL and TBIL, there were 14, 18, and 16 cases of exudates, and 4, 0, and 2 cases of transudate, respectively. There was no difference on the identification result of Light standard and concentration standard of ALB, CHOL, TBIL (χ2=2.090, 1.029, 0.364;P>0.05). Conclusion The suprachoroidal fluid of RRDCD patients composed of TP, LDH, CHOL and TBIL. The suprachoroidal fluid is more likely to be exudate.

14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 48-52, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807953

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of platelet-rich fibrin extract (PRFe) on the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells cultured on the titanium discs.@*Methods@#Samples were divided into experimental group (P) and control group (D). Group P used the α-minimal essential medium (α-MEM) containing PRFe (0.5%), while group D used only the α-MEM. Cell adhesion and cytoskeleton were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay to detect the number of the osteoblasts at 1, 3, 5, 7 d; the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to detect the differentiation of osteoblast at 1, 3, 5, 7 d; the level of osteogenetic biomarkers core-binding factorα1 (cbfα1) and osteocalcin (OCN) were quantified by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) at 3 and 7 d.@*Results@#SEM and LSCM showed that the adhesion and filaments of group P were higher than those of group D at each time point. MTT assay showed that the absorbance were significantly increased in group P (1 d: 0.299±0.002, 3 d: 0.517±0.004, 5 d: 0.810±0.002, 7 d: 1.203±0.011) compared with group D (1 d: 0.198±0.003, 3 d: 0.399±0.002, 5 d: 0.588±0.002, 7 d: 0.897±0.005) at each time points (P<0.05). Furthermore, the ALP activity of group P (1 d: 0.162±0.004, 3 d: 0.289±0.001, 5 d: 0.491±0.006, 7 d: 0.647±0.005) was significantly higher than that of group D (1 d: 0.121±0.003, 3 d: 0.191± 0.006, 5 d: 0.252±0.004, 7 d: 0.365±0.012), (P<0.05). Moreover, the qRT-PCR showed that the Cbfα1 and OCN gene expression in group P (Cfbα1, 3 d: 1.50±0.04, 7 d: 1.94±0.06; OCN, 3 d: 3.37±0.17, 7 d: 3.92± 0.04) were significantly higher than that in group D(Cfbα1, 3 d: 1, 7 d: 1.18±0.13; OCN, 3 d: 1, 7 d: 2.34± 0.09) (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#PRFe promoted the adhension, proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells on the titanium discs.

15.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 437-440, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492495

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical effects on prevention of alveolar bone absorption by site preservation after tooth extraction due to periodontitis.Methods The experimental group consisted of 40 patients with 45 extracted teeth due to periodontitis.The fresh sockets were immediately grafted and filled with Bio-oss collagen and Bio-Gide after minimally invasive tooth extraction,while 40 teeth of control group were only treated with cotton balls bitten tightly over the socket for half an hour.Two groups were observed for changes in alveolar bone density by X-ray and cone beam CT (CBCT)after 6 months.Results There were the wound healing and no infection in extraction site of all patients with or without site preservation operation.The gingiva of extraction site was pink and tough in all groups.The alveolar bone loss in regular extraction patients significantly increased in horizontal and vertical aspects by X-ray and CBCT,while site preservation improved the alveolar bone defects (P<0.05).After site preservation for 6 months,CBCT analysis showed that the density of new alveolar bone markedly enhanced compared with regular extraction group.Conclusion The technique of site preservation after tooth extraction due to periodontitis is a method which can prevent and reduce disuse atrophy absorption of the alveolar ridge so that the height and width of the alveolar bone can meet aesthetic requirements.

16.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 140-143, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-489491

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) on the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2),vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF) in epiretinal membrane of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR).Methods A total of 35 patients (35 eyes) with PDR and underwent plana vitrectomy were enrolled in this study.The patients were divided into non-PRP group (19 patients,19 eyes) and PRP group (16 patients,16 eyes) depends on if they had received PRP before surgery.The epiretinal membranes stripped during operation were collected for pathological examination.The histopathological features was observed by haematoxylin and eosin stain.The expression of CD34,COX-2 and VEGF,and microvessel density (MVD) were measured by immunohistochemistry method.Results Many new dispersed capillary blood vessels were found in the thick epiretinal membranes of nonPRP group,while scattered small blood vessels were found in the relatively thin epiretinal membranes of PRP group.MVD value was (7.42± 1.39) in the non-PRP group and (4.56± 1.22) in the PRP group,which was lower than the non-PRP group (t=6.41,P<0.01).The expression of CD34,COX-2 and VEGF in the tissues of epiretinal membrane in PRP group were obviously lower than the non-PRP group (t=6.147,5.944,7.445;P<0.01).Conclusion PRP can effectively inhibit the expression of COX-2 and VEGF in epiretinal membrane of PRP patients.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3181-3185, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307179

ABSTRACT

The application of ArcGIS and Maxent modelto analyze the ecological suitability of Gardenia jasminoides.Taking 85 batches of Gardenia as the basis of analysis, the selection of ecological factors for the growth of Gardenia. The results showed that the average precipitation in April, the average precipitation in November and the average precipitation in August were the most important factors affecting the growth of Gardenia. The relative concentration of Gardenia suitable growth region,north to the south of Shaanxi province, south of Henan, central Anhui, south to the north of Hainan province, west to central Sichuan province, east of Zhejiang coastal area, northeast of Taiwan.

18.
Chinese Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 353-355,392, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604308

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the incidence and the influencing factors of kidney insufficiency in acute cerebral infarction patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Methods From January 2013 to January 2015,266 consecutive acute cerebral infarction patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation admitted to the Department of Neurology,Xuanwu Hospital,Capital Medical University were enrolled retrospectively. Renal function was assessed by the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR),eGFR 0. 05). (2)Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that the age (≥65 years)was an independent risk factor for the occurrence of renal insufficiency in acute cerebral infarction patients with atrial fibrillation (OR,1. 147,95% CI 1. 087 -1. 209;P < 0. 01),and the histories of hypertension (OR,0. 870,95% CI 0. 362-2. 089;P = 0. 755),diabetes mellitus (OR,1. 078,95% CI 0. 403 -2. 883;P = 0. 882 ), and hyperlipidemia (OR,1. 666,95% CI 0. 645 - 4. 302;P = 0. 292 )were not associated with renal insufficiency in cerebral infarction patients with atrial fibrillation. Conclusions The incidence of renal insufficiency in cerebral infarction patients with atrial fibrillation is higher. Age (≥65 years)is an independent risk factor for renal insufficiency in this type of patients.

19.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 184-187, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of p38MAPK inhibitor SB203580 on osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells under high glu-cose concentration.Methods:MC3T3-E1 cells were exposed to glucose at 5.5 mmol/L,25.5 mmol/L and 25.5 mmol/L combined with SB203580 respectively.Cell proliferation was analysed by MTT assay,calcified nodules were quantitated by Alizarin Red S stai-ning.Osteogenesis gene(OCN,Runx2)mRNA level was examined by realtime PCR.Results:High glucose decreased cell prolifera-tion(P<0.05),ALP activity(P<0.05),calcified nodule formation and osteogenesis gene expression of MC3T3-E1 cells.SB203580 reversed the down-regulation of osteogenic markers under high glucose,increased the ALP expression but decreased cell proliferation. Conclusion:SB203580 is antagonistic to P38MAPK in the regulation of preliferation and differetiation of MC3T3-E1 cells.

20.
Journal of Practical Stomatology ; (6): 309-312, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of concentrate growth factor extract(CGFe)on the proliferation and differentiation of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts.Methods:MC3T3-1 cells were cultured with and without CGFe respectively.At 1 ,3,5 d of culture the pro-liferation of the cells was detected by MTT assay,the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP)of the cells was examined by ALP kit;at 1 4,21 d of culture the calcium nodus formation was observed by Alizarin red staining;RUNX2 and OSX expression was quantified by real-time PCR.Results:With the extension of culture time,the proliferation,ALP activity,the calcium nodus and the level of RUNX2 and OSX mRNA of the experimental group were increased more than those of the control group.Conclusion:CGFe may pro-mote the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts.

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