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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 8-12, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994944

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the etiological diagnostic value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis.Methods:The study was a retrospective cohort study. The clinical data of patients with PD-related peritonitis who were treated and underwent microbial cultivation and mNGS test at the same time from June 2020 to July 2021 in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were analyzed. The positive rate, detection time and consistency between mNGS test and traditional microbial culture were compared.Results:A total of 18 patients with age of (50.4±15.4) years old and median dialysis time of 34.0 (12.4, 62.0) months were enrolled in the study, including 11 males and 7 females. Pathogenic microorganisms were isolated in 17 patients by mNGS test, with a positive rate of 17/18, which was higher than 13/18 of microbial culture, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P=0.219). Both mNGS test and microbial culture isolated positive pathogenic bacteria in 12 patients, and mNGS test isolated the same types of pathogenic bacteria as microbial cultivation did in 11 patients. In five patients with negative microbial culture, mNGS test also isolated pathogenic microorganisms, including 3 cases of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 1 case of Ureaplasma urealyticum. In 1 patient, microbial culture isolated pathogenic bacteria ( Escherichia coli) whereas mNGS test did not. The detection time of mNGS was 25.0 (24.0, 27.0) h, which was significantly shorter than 89.0 (72.8, 122.0) h of microbial culture ( Z=3.726, P<0.001). Conclusions:mNGS test can improve the detection rate of pathogenic microorganisms in PD-related peritonitis and greatly shorten the detection time, and has good consistency with microbial culture. mNGS may provide a new approach for pathogen identification of PD-related peritonitis, especially refractory peritonitis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 8-12, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970938

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the etiological diagnostic value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. Methods: The study was a retrospective cohort study. The clinical data of patients with PD-related peritonitis who were treated and underwent microbial cultivation and mNGS test at the same time from June 2020 to July 2021 in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University were analyzed. The positive rate, detection time and consistency between mNGS test and traditional microbial culture were compared. Results: A total of 18 patients with age of (50.4±15.4) years old and median dialysis time of 34.0 (12.4, 62.0) months were enrolled in the study, including 11 males and 7 females. Pathogenic microorganisms were isolated in 17 patients by mNGS test, with a positive rate of 17/18, which was higher than 13/18 of microbial culture, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.219). Both mNGS test and microbial culture isolated positive pathogenic bacteria in 12 patients, and mNGS test isolated the same types of pathogenic bacteria as microbial cultivation did in 11 patients. In five patients with negative microbial culture, mNGS test also isolated pathogenic microorganisms, including 3 cases of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 1 case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and 1 case of Ureaplasma urealyticum. In 1 patient, microbial culture isolated pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli) whereas mNGS test did not. The detection time of mNGS was 25.0 (24.0, 27.0) h, which was significantly shorter than 89.0 (72.8, 122.0) h of microbial culture (Z=3.726, P<0.001). Conclusions: mNGS test can improve the detection rate of pathogenic microorganisms in PD-related peritonitis and greatly shorten the detection time, and has good consistency with microbial culture. mNGS may provide a new approach for pathogen identification of PD-related peritonitis, especially refractory peritonitis.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Peritoneal Dialysis/adverse effects , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Peritonitis/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2108-2125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981193

ABSTRACT

γ-aminobutyric acid can be produced by a one-step enzymatic reaction catalyzed by glutamic acid decarboxylase. The reaction system is simple and environmentally friendly. However, the majority of GAD enzymes catalyze the reaction under acidic pH at a relatively narrow range. Thus, inorganic salts are usually needed to maintain the optimal catalytic environment, which adds additional components to the reaction system. In addition, the pH of solution will gradually rise along with the production of γ-aminobutyric acid, which is not conducive for GAD to function continuously. In this study, we cloned the glutamate decarboxylase LpGAD from a Lactobacillus plantarum capable of efficiently producing γ-aminobutyric acid, and rationally engineered the catalytic pH range of LpGAD based on surface charge. A triple point mutant LpGADS24R/D88R/Y309K was obtained from different combinations of 9 point mutations. The enzyme activity at pH 6.0 was 1.68 times of that of the wild type, suggesting the catalytic pH range of the mutant was widened, and the possible mechanism underpinning this increase was discussed through kinetic simulation. Furthermore, we overexpressed the Lpgad and LpgadS24R/D88R/Y309K genes in Corynebacterium glutamicum E01 and optimized the transformation conditions. An optimized whole cell transformation process was conducted under 40 ℃, cell mass (OD600) 20, 100 g/L l-glutamic acid substrate and 100 μmol/L pyridoxal 5-phosphate. The γ-aminobutyric acid titer of the recombinant strain reached 402.8 g/L in a fed-batch reaction carried out in a 5 L fermenter without adjusting pH, which was 1.63 times higher than that of the control. This study expanded the catalytic pH range of and increased the enzyme activity of LpGAD. The improved production efficiency of γ-aminobutyric acid may facilitate its large-scale production.


Subject(s)
Glutamate Decarboxylase/genetics , Lactobacillus plantarum/genetics , Catalysis , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Glutamic Acid
4.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 375-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical significance of multigene assay in papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods:Patients who underwent thyroidectomy in a tertiary hospital from August 2021 to May 2022 were enrolled. The eight-gene panel was used to detect the tumor tissue of patients, and the correlation between gene mutations and clinical features was analyzed. Results:Among 161 patients, mutation rate of BRAF V600E, RET/PTC1 and TERT promotor were 82.0%, 6.8% and 4.3%, respectively. BRAF V600E mutation was more common in male patients(P=0.023). TERT promotor-mutated tumors had a large diameter(P=0.019), a high proportion of multifocal lesions(P=0.050), and a large number of lymph node metastases(P=0.031). Among 89 patients who completed preoperative BRAF detection, there was a strong consistency between the preoperative aspiration test and postoperative panel(Cohen κ=0.694, 95%CI: 0.482-0.906, P<0.01). In the hematoxylin-eosin sections obtained from 80 patients, BRAF V600E was still the main type of gene mutation, and the classical/follicular type was more distributed. TERT promotor and RET/PTC1 mutation were the main genetic events for tall-cell/columnar/hobnail type and diffuse sclerosing type, respectively. One-way ANOVA showed that there were differences in diagnosis age(P=0.029) and tumor size(P<0.01) among different pathological types. Conclusion:As a simple and feasible clinical detection method for PTC, the multigene assay can supplement the identification of important genetic events other than BRAF V600E, and provide more prognostic information and follow-up hints for postoperative patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Clinical Relevance , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Mutation
5.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 17-26, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970004

ABSTRACT

Poliomyelitis, or polio, is a highly infectious disease and can result in permanent flaccid paralysis of the limbs. Singapore was certified polio-free by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 29 October 2000, together with 36 other countries in the Western Pacific Region. The last imported case of polio in Singapore was in 2006. Fortunately, polio is vaccine-preventable-the world saw the global eradication of wild poliovirus types 2 and 3 achieved in 2015 and 2019, respectively. However, in late 2022, a resurgence of paralytic polio cases from vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) was detected in countries like Israel and the US (specifically, New York); VDPV was also detected during routine sewage water surveillance with no paralysis cases in London, UK. Without global eradication, there is a risk of re-infection from importation and spread of wild poliovirus or VDPV, or new emergence and circulation of VDPV. During the COVID-19 pandemic, worldwide routine childhood vaccination coverage fell by 5% to 81% in 2020-2021. Fortunately, Singapore has maintained a constantly high vaccination coverage of 96% among 1-year-old children as recorded in 2021. All countries must ensure high poliovirus vaccination coverage in their population to eradicate poliovirus globally, and appropriate interventions must be taken to rectify this if the coverage falters. In 2020, WHO approved the emergency use listing of a novel oral polio vaccine type 2 for countries experiencing circulating VDPV type 2 outbreaks. Environmental and wastewater surveillance should be implemented to allow early detection of "silent" poliovirus transmission in the population, instead of relying on clinical surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis based on case definition alone.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Public Health Surveillance , Pandemics , Wastewater , Wastewater-Based Epidemiological Monitoring , COVID-19/epidemiology , Poliomyelitis/prevention & control , Poliovirus , Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral , Vaccination , Global Health
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 63-71, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906082

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the mechanism of Duanteng Yimu decoction (DTYM) in the inhibition of pannus formation in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice. Method:Twenty-four SPF-grade DBA/1 male mice were randomly divided into the following four groups: a blank group (NC group), a model group (CIA group), a methotrexate group (MTX group), and a DTYM group, with six mice in each group. The mice, except for those in the NC group, were modeled. From the second immunization, the medium, MTX (1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and DTYM (15.4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) were administered at an equal volume by gavage for 35 days. Mice were observed for general condition and the arthritis index. The knee and ankle joints were scanned by microcomputed tomography (micro CT). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and safranin O/fast green staining were performed to observe pathological changes. Immunohistochemistry was performed to detect the expression of platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (CD31), vascular endothelial growth factor-<italic>α</italic> (VEGF-<italic>α</italic>), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), and phosphorylated(p)-VEGFR2. Result:Compared with the NC group, the CIA group showed red and swollen ankle joints, increased arthritis index scores (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), manifest injury in the knee and ankle joints, reduced cartilage thickness, elevated Micro CT bone destruction scores of knee and ankle joints (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated absorbance values of synovial CD31, VEGF-<italic>α</italic>, VEGFR2, and p-VEGFR2 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the CIA group, the DTYM group showed relieved ankle joint redness and swelling, reduced arthritis index scores of mice three weeks after administration (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), intact joint surfaces of the knee and ankle joints, thickened cartilage, declining Micro CT bone destruction scores in both the knee and ankle joints (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and lowered absorbance values of CD31, VEGF-<italic>α</italic>, VEGFR2, and p-VEGFR2 in the synovium (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:DTYM can inhibit the pannus formation in CIA mice presumedly by regulating the VEGF pathway.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 36-45, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Duanteng Yimu decoction (DTYM) on the activation of the human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) model and the effect on related activated proteins and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway. Method:After DTYM (200, 400 g·mL<sup>-1</sup>) treatment of HUVEC induced by VEGF and tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), cell proliferation, migration, and tubulogenesis were detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assay, transwell migration assay, phalloidin staining, and matrix gel card method. The mRNA expression of adhesion factors, including E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expression of von Willebrand factor (VWF), platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-31 (CD31), angiogenic factor cysteine-rich-61 (CYR61), angiopoietin-1 (ANG-1), VEGF, and VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2) was detected by Western blot. Immunofluorescence was used to determine CD31 expression. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed potentiated proliferation, migration, and tubulogenesis of HUVEC (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated mRNA expression of E-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated protein expression of VWF, CD31, ANG-1, CYR61, VEGF-<italic>α</italic>, and phospho (p)-VEGFR2 (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), and increased CD31 immunofluorescence intensity (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the DTYM groups displayed blunted proliferation, migration, and tubulogenesis of HUVEC (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), decreased mRNA expression of E-selectin, ICAM-1, and VCAM-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), down-regulated protein expression of VWF, CD31, ANG-1, CYR61, VEGF-<italic>α</italic>, and p-VEGFR2 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and weakened CD31 immunofluorescence intensity (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:DTYM inhibits HUVEC proliferation, migration, adhesion, and tubulogenesis, which is associated with the regulation of CD31, VWF, CYR61, and ANG-1 expression in HUVEC and the VEGF signaling pathway.

8.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 203-211, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877761

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Frontline healthcare workers (HCWs) exposed to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are at risk of psychological distress. This study evaluates the psychological impact of COVID-19 pandemic on HCWs in a national paediatric referral centre.@*METHODS@#This was a survey-based study that collected demographic, work environment and mental health data from paediatric HCWs in the emergency, intensive care and infectious disease units. Psychological impact was measured using the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale-21. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors associated with psychological distress.@*RESULTS@#The survey achieved a response rate of 93.9% (430 of 458). Of the 430 respondents, symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress were reported in 168 (39.1%), 205 (47.7%) and 106 (24.7%), respectively. Depression was reported in the mild (47, 10.9%), moderate (76, 17.7%), severe (23, 5.3%) and extremely severe (22, 5.1%) categories. Anxiety (205, 47.7%) and stress (106, 24.7%) were reported in the mild category only. Collectively, regression analysis identified female sex, a perceived lack of choice in work scope/environment, lack of protection from COVID-19, lack of access to physical activities and rest, the need to perform additional tasks, and the experience of stigma from the community as risk factors for poor psychological outcome.@*CONCLUSION@#A high prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress was reported among frontline paediatric HCWs during the COVID-19 pandemic. Personal psychoneuroimmunity and organisational prevention measures can be implemented to lessen psychiatric symptoms. At the national level, involving mental health professionals to plan and coordinate psychological intervention for the country should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anxiety/etiology , COVID-19/psychology , Depression/etiology , Health Surveys , Hospitals, Pediatric , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Occupational Diseases/etiology , Pandemics , Personnel, Hospital/psychology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Self Report , Severity of Illness Index , Singapore/epidemiology , Stress, Psychological/etiology
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 170-181, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801915

ABSTRACT

Objective:Computer network pharmacology technology was used to screen the main active ingredients of Tripterygium hypoglaucum radix-Leonurus japonicus herba for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA), predict the targets of the active ingredients, establish a pharmaceutical ingredient-active ingredient-target network, and further explore the potential mechanism of Tripterygium hypoglaucum radix-Leonurus japonicus herba for the treatment of RA. Method:RA disease targets were collected through DisGeNET, TTD, and Drugbank databases, the potential active components of Tripterygium hypoglaucum radix and Leonurus japonicus herba and their corresponding targets were obtained from the Chinese Medicine System Pharmacology Analysis Platform (TCMSP); common targets for drugs and diseases were screened by using the ImageGP platform; a common target interaction (PPI) network model was constructed by using the String database, a "drug-active ingredient-key target" network was constructed by using Cytoscape software, a protein interaction network was constructed by using the String database, gene function (GO) analysis and pathway enrichment analysis based on the Kyoto Gene and Genomic Encyclopedia (KEGG) were performed by using the ClueGO plug-in. Result:Through screening, 9 active pharmaceutical ingredients were obtained, involving a total of 235 targets, and 7 active ingredients were related to the disease targets. 24 common targets for Tripterygium hypoglaucum radix Leonurus japonicus herba-disease were obtained. The common targets were mainly enriched in 278 biological processes and 141 signaling pathways to play a role in the treatment of RA. Conclusion:The therapeutic effect of Tripterygium hypoglaucum radix Leonurus japonicus herba on RA reflects the characteristics of multi-component-multi-target-multi-channel of traditional Chinese medicine, and provides a scientific basis for explaining its mechanism and clinical application of RA.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 138-146, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801911

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the mechanism of Wulingsan (WLS) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by network pharmacology. Method:The active components of WLS were screened on traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology(TCMSP) platform, and the targets were predicted in DragBank database. The "component-target" network was constructed by Cytoscape 3.2.1 software. Disease targets were searched in TTD, DrugBank and DisGenet databases. The Venn diagram was built to extract the target of WLS in the treatment of RA, and the gene oesthetics(GO) function annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedin of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) signal pathway enrichment analysis were performed by cluego plugin. The TCM-component-target-pathway network of WLS was constructed, and the network feature analysis was made by Network Analyzer. Result:Totally 52 components and 297 potential targets in WLS and 1 845 targets relating to RA were excavated, and 49 common targets of WLS-RA were obtained. The common targets were mainly enriched in 322 biological processes and 31 signaling pathways. Conclusion:WLS may regulate targets, such as prostaglandin epoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), cysteine aspartate protein-3 (Caspase-3), transcription factor p65 (RELA), progesterone receptor (PGR), and adjust cancer-related pathways, tumor necrosis factor(TNF) signaling pathways, interleukin-17(IL-17) signaling pathways, nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) signaling pathways, Th17 cell differentiation, so as to inhibit the inflammatory response, regulate immune function and adjust apoptosis to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2639-2644, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817495

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanism of couplet medicine of Tripterygium hypoglaucum-Spatholobus suberectus in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: The RA targets were retrieved and obtained by therapeutic target database (TTD), DrugBank and DisGeNET databases, and the protein protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed to screen its key targets. Using oral bioavailability(OB)≥30%, drug like(DL)≥0.18 and drug half-life (HL) ≥4 h as index, active components were obtained from couplet medicine of T. hypoglaucum-S. suberectus by using TCM systematic pharmacological analysis platform (TCMSP) and TCM integrated database (TCMID), and the targets were predicted. The active component-target network of couplet medicine of T. hypoglaucum-S. suberectus was constructed. Systems Dock Web Site online platform and Genomics platform were used to screen the active component and common targets of RA of couplet medicine of T. hypoglaucum-S. suberectus; KEGG signaling pathways of common targets were analyzed by using Cluego plug-in unit of Cytoscape 3.2.1 software. RESULTS: Totally 1 956 RA targets were retrieved, involving 11 key targets [such as IL-6, TNF, VEGFA]. The couplet medicine contained 30 active components (including luteolin, erythroxanthin, β-sitosterol and triptolide) and 229 targets. There were 37 common targets for couplet medicine of T. hypoglaucum-S. suberectus and RA (including MMP2, TNF, VEGFA). KEGG signaling way involved cell apoptosis, IL-17 signaling pathway, Th17 cell differentiation pathway and TNF signaling pathway. CONCLUSIONS: The couplet medicine of T. hypoglaucum-S. suberectus may play a role in the treatment of RA by acting on cell apoptosis, IL-17 signaling pathway and other signaling pathways through MMP2, TNF, and VEGFA target. The results of this study can provide a reference for further study on the mechanism of the effects of couplet medicine of T. hypoglaucum-S. suberectus on RA.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 380-385, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780118

ABSTRACT

Hypophosphatemia is a common metabolism disease in humans. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) inhibits phosphate reabsorption by targeting on the renal tubules. FGF23C-tail contains 73 amino acids from C-terminus of FGF23, serves as an inhibitor of FGF23, and can increase phosphate reabsorption. Therefore, FGF23C-tail is an important drug for hypophosphatemia. In this paper, we constructed a fusion protein of FGF23C-tail with HSA, and investigated the expression of the fusion protein in the Pichia pastoris system. The recombinant gene was constructed by fusion PCR. A high-yield strain was selected by G418 resistance and fermentation yield, and the expression yield was 43.7 mg·L-1 in flask. In 5 L fermenters, the highest expression yield could reach 265.6 mg·L-1. FGF23C-tail-HSA could be used as an inhibitor for FGF23, and could significantly increase blood phosphorus levels in rats. The procedures for care and use of animals were approved by the Ethics Committee of YiChun University. This paper provided a basis research for further studying physiological activity of FGF23C-tail-HSA.

13.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 15-19, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772337

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy (ENB) has become the latest minimally invasive diagnostic and therapeutic technique due to its characteristics, e.g., non-invasion, accuracy, real-time positioning. In this study, we investigated the application of ENB biopsy combined with Massage staining in the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 PPL patients undergoing ENB biopsy plus Massage staining between August 2017 and January 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Among them, there were 12 male and 3 female, and the mean age was (51.3±2.1) years old.@*RESULTS@#The diameter of PPLs ranged from 6 mm to 36 mm (mean: 14.0 mm). The successful biopsy rate was 66.7%. All patients successfully underwent Massage staining. The distance between the centers of staining and lesion was (1.0±0.4) cm, and the diameter of staining was (2.8±0.6) cm. The mean operation time was (26.7±5.3 ) min, and the mean blood loss during surgery was (3.3±1.5) mL. There was no pneumothorax, hemothorax and pulmonary vascular injury during the procedure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ENB biopsy plus Massage staining technique caused very few complications, and provided high precision, which warrants further application.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bronchoscopy , Methods , Electromagnetic Fields , Lung Diseases , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Staining and Labeling , Methods
14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 163-166, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746164

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical significance regarding monitoring circulating tumor cells in early stage lung adenocarcinoma.Methods From November 2015 to January 2018,48 patients with stage Ⅰ lung adenocarcinoma were included in the study.BCAR1 expression in CTCs in peripheral blood were detected by using CanPatrolTM and RNA in situ hybridization detection.Results Among the 48 cases,CTCs and BCAR1 (+)-CTCs were detected in 41 cases(85.4%) and 30 cases(62.5%),respectively.Number of BCAR1 (+)-CTCs seemed to be significantly positively related to that of CTCs.BCAR1 (+)-CTCs were more likely to appear in the M-CTCS and E&M-CTCS.BCAR1 (+)-CTCs remarkably increased in three relapsed cases.Furthermore,there were 19 stable cases who had postoperative CTCs data:(1) in 12 patients,either CTCs or BCAR1 (+)-CTCs were significantly reduced or remained stable;(2) in 7 cases,CTCs increased,but BCAR1 (+)-CTCs remained stable in 2 cases,reduced in 1 case,and the other 4 cases underwent close follow-up.Conclusion Evaluation of BCAR1 (+)-CTCs possibly can be contributive to prediction of early lung adenocarcinoma recurrence or metastasis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 430-434, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808874

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the rationality of management of active surveillance for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) and the main indications for active surveillance for PTMC.@*Methods@#In this study, two criteria were used to evaluate patients with PTMC: low-risk PTMC conditions defined by Kuma hospital and Chinese Association of Thyroid Oncology (CATO) consensus on PTMC management of active surveillance. The patients had received surgical treatment. Clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis of the patients in different groups were compared.@*Results@#A total of 778 patients were enrolled in the study, 565 (72.6%) of them met Kuma screening criteria and only 112 (14.4%) met CATO screening criteria. Kuma low-risk subgroup had lower incidence of cervical lymph node metastasis than Kuma high-risk PTMC subgroup(30.6% vs 47.9%, P<0.05). There were significant differences in multifocal lesions(6.3% vs 16.4%), extrathyroidal extension (1.8% vs 7.5%) and cervical lymph node metastasis(19.6% vs 38.0%) between low-risk and high-risk CATO PTMC subgroups. Patients in the CATO low-risk PTMC subgroup had lower recurrence and longer disease-free survival (DFS) than those in the CATO high-risk PTMC subgroup. But there was no significant difference in recurrence or DFS between Kuma low-risk and high-risk Kuma PTMC subgroups.The Chi-square test of Fisher′s exact probabilities test was used to compare clinicopathological characteristics of patients between different groups.Rates of disease-free survival were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method.@*Conclusion@#CATO screening criteria is relatively strict and may be more suitable for Chinese patients with active surveillance for PTMC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 160-163, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608376

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the clinical and demographical features that may impact the duration of mechanical ventilation(DMV) in the patients with post-thymectomy myasthenic crisis(PTMC).Methods Reviewed the patients who had PTMC from June 2008 to November 2015.Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to identify potential prognostic factors that may impact DMV and long-term survival,respectively.One-way ANOVA analysis was used to compare the four groups with continuous variates.Statistical powers were calculated by using XLSTAT.Results In total,seventy patients with PTMC were enrolled.Alcoholic abuse,high MGFA classification and Clavien-Dindo classification were the critical factors that remarkably delayed early extubation.Postoperative lung infection(PLI) as sole complication did not prolong DMV as compared to those without any complication,however,PLI with other more severe complications requiring at least pharmacological treatment seemed to remarkably prolong DMV,as compared to those without any complication.Conclusion Preoperative abstinence,proper treatment of MG and postoperative complications can decrease the incidence of PTMC,shorten the use of ventilator time and improve the prognosis of patients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 129-132, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608284

ABSTRACT

Myasthenic crisis (MC) is a severe comorbidity or complication which may be critical to the patients during the treatment or onset of myasthenia gravis.We conduct the review and comment regarding prevention and treatment of MC.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 543-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779202

ABSTRACT

Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT), one of the endogenous phase II metabolizing enzymes, expressed by chromosome 22. COMT catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from common methyl donor S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet or SAM) to one of the catechol hydroxyls. COMT participates in the metabolism of many catechols in vivo, e.g. dopamine, epinephrine, noradrenaline, estradiol. Furthermore COMT also plays important roles in the metabolism of xenobiotic catechols from food and drug. COMT play a critical role in the management of catechols. Metabolism disorders of COMT can cause many diseases or an increased risk of diseases, e.g. Pakinson diseases, schizophrenia, and breast cancer. In this review, we explains the relationship of COMT and related-diseases through expounding disease caused by the COMT metabolic disorders. Finally, we hope that there will be more effective treatments for the COMT metabolism related diseases.

19.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 314-316, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500118

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the perioperative clinical characteristics of non-small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC ) complicated with dermatomyositis ( DM) . Methods Six cases of NSCLC complicated with DM received lobectomy and lymph node dissection by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The same kind of operations were carried out in another six NSCLC cases without DM in the same period. The twelve cases in two groups were 1 ∶ 1 matched study. The operation time, operative blood loss, postoperative pneumonia or atelectasis rate, postop-erative wound recovery, thoracic drainage in postoperative three days, incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation, perioperative hospital stay were compared between the two groups. Results In operative time, blood loss and thoracic drainage volume in postoperative three days, there was no significant difference in two groups (P>0. 05). In paients with and without DM, the occurrence rate of atrial fibrillation was respectively 50. 00% (3/6) and 16. 66% (1/6), the occurrence rate of postoperative pneumonia or atelectasis was respectively 50. 00%(3/6) and 16. 66% (1/6), and postoperative hospital stay was respectively (16. 28 ± 3. 61) d and (11. 11 ± 2. 92) d. It was of significant differences (P<0. 05). Conclusion Compared with NSCLC patients without DM, postoperative atrial fibrillation and pneumonia or atelec-tasis occured more often in the DM cases. And patients with DM have longer hospital stays.

20.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1177-1179,1183, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600439

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether EGFR gene mutations are correlated with the gene expression of ERCC1 and TYMS in non-small-cell lung cancer .Methods Collected February to December 2013 of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) pa-tients eligible for enrolled 97 patients ,tumor tissue specimens obtained by intraoperative cut or puncture ,Gene expression of ERCC1 and TYMS were determined by branched-DNA liquid chip ,while somatic mutations in EGFR(E18 ,E19 ,E20 ,E21) gene were detec-ted by xTAG-liquid chip;And analysis of EGFR gene mutation associated with ERCC1 ,TYMS mRNA expression .Results Totally 29 cases of EGFR mutation were detected in all 97 specimens ,with a mutation rate of 30% (29/97) ,and a relatively high detection rate was observed in female ,adenocarcinoma and non-smoking patients(P0 .05) .Conclusion In NSCLC tissues ,EGFR mutation is relevant to the expression of ERCC1 but irrelevant to the expression of TYMS .

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