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1.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 937-943, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the barriers and facilitators to parental involvement in emotionally disturbed adolescents′ emotion management and to provide a basis for healthcare professionals to develop interventions for parental involvement in emotionally disturbed adolescents′ emotion management.Methods:Use of purposive sampling method from July to December 2021, 16 face-to-face semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with fathers or mothers of adolescents with affective disorders from the Third Hospital of Daqing City, and the data were analyzed using the Colaizzi 7-step analysis method.Results:Refining the theme from two aspects, one was the hindering factors: parents′ own factors including lack of knowledge about the disease, little time for companionship, poor emotional control, inappropriate communication style, and poor couple relationship; the child′s own factors including pathological factors, personality; environmental factors including academic stress, interpersonal relationships; economic factors including high cost of treatment, life stress. The other was the facilitating factors: support from others including family support, professional help; positive coping including finding coping strategies, change of mindset.Conclusions:Healthcare professionals should pay attention to these influencing factors and construct a program for parental involvement in emotionally disturbed adolescents′ emotion management from various aspects, so that parents can actively participate in their children′s emotion management and promote the rehabilitation of emotionally disturbed adolescents.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 5-10, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933023

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and the risk of major adverse cardiac events within 1 year of middle-aged and elderly in-patients with acute decompensated and mid-range ejection fraction heart failure(HF)in the medical alliance setting.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted among a total of 180 in-patients with acute decompensated heart failure in Cardiovascular Hexi Hospital Consulting Area of Tianjin Chest Hospital.According to ejection fraction measured by echocardiogram, the in-patients were classified into three groups: heart failure with reduced ejection fraction(HFrEF)group(n=70, 38.9%), HFmEF group(n=50, 27.8%), and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF)group(n=60, 33.3%). Clinical feature and 1-year prognosis between different groups were compared.Results:Univariate Cox regression analysis of 1-year all-cause death and cardiovascular death showed that there was no significant difference between HFrEF group and HFmEF group, HFpEF group and HFmEF group(all P>0.05); 1-year readmission analysis of heart failure showed that 47.1%(33 cases)of HFrEF group was higher than 24.0%(12 cases)of HFmEF group, 48.3%(29 cases)of HFpEF group was higher than HFmEF group( HR=2.307, 2.368, 95% CI: 0.187-4.480, 1.207-4.644, respectively, all P<0.05); The major 1-year cardiovascular events were 57.1%(40 cases)higher in the HFrEF group than 34.0%(17 cases)in the HFmEF group( HR=2.053, 95% CI: 0.187-4.408, P< 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the 1-year risk of major cardiovascular events was significantly different between HFmEF group and HFpEF group( HR=0.477, 95% CI: 0.241-0.941, P< 0.05). Pulmonary heart disease( P< 0.05), atrial flutter and/or atrial fibrillation( P< 0.01), New York Cardiology class Ⅳ( P< 0.01)were risk factors for death.Hypertension and cor pulmonale were the risk factors for readmission in patients with heart failure(all P< 0.01). Conclusions:The clinical characteristics of inpatients with HFmEF in the medical alliance setting tended to be consistent with those with HFrEF, while the feature of ischemic heart disease was more prominent in HFmEF.The 1-year risk of heart failure readmission in HFmEF group was significantly lower than that in HFpEF and HFrEF group, and the risk of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality at 1 year was not significantly different among the three groups.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 891-896, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate whether whole brain radiation therapy(WBRT) could benefit small cell lung cancer (SCLC) patients with brain metastases.Methods:Clinical data of 245 patients who were diagnosed with extensive stage SCLC with brain metastases admitted to our hospital from 2010 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 168 patients received WRBT (WBRT group, radiation dose: 30Gy in 10 fractions), and 77 patients did not receive WBRT (non-WBRT group). All patients received 4-6 cycles of chemotherapy, and the chemotherapy regimen included cisplatin (or carboplatin) plus etoposide. One hundred and fifteen patients received thoracic radiotherapy. The endpoint was overall survival after brain metastases(BM-OS). Chi-square test was used to compare categorical data, and stabilized inverse probability of treatment weighting(sIPTW) was used to match the factors between WBRT and no-WBRT groups. Survival analysis was estimated by Kaplan-Meier method, and the log-rank test was used to compare survival curves between two groups. Results:The median BM-OS for the whole group of patients was 9.1 months, and 10.6 months and 6.7 months in the WBRT and non-WBRT groups, respectively( P=0.003). After balanced influencing factors with stabilized sIPTW, significant difference still existed in BM-OS between two groups( P=0.02). In 118 patients with synchronous brain metastases, the median BM-OS in two groups were 13.0 months and 9.6 months( P=0.007); and in 127 patients with metachronous brain metastases, the median BM-OS were 8.0 months and 4.1 months( P=0.003). In 50 patients without extracranial metastases, the median BM-OS were 13.3 months and 10.9 months( P=0.259)in two groups; while in 195 patients with extracranial metastases, the median BM-OS were 9.5 months and 5.9 months( P=0.009)in two groups. Conclusions:WBRT could prolong the OS in extensive stage SCLC patients with brain metastases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 1111-1116, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and explore the common radiomics features of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients with lung cancer and esophageal cancer, and then establish a prediction model that can predict the occurrence of RP in two types of cancer after radiotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 100 patients with stage Ⅲ lung cancer and 100 patients with stage Ⅲ esophageal cancer who received radical radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. The RP was graded by imaging data and clinical information during follow-up, and the planning CT images were collected. The whole lung was used as the volume of interest to extract radiomics features. The radiomics features, clinical and dosimetric parameters related to RP were analyzed, and the model was constructed by machine learning.Results:A total of 1691 radiomics features were extracted from CT images. After ANOVA and LASSO dimensionality reduction in lung cancer and esophageal cancer patients, 8 and 6 radiomics features associated with RP were identified, and 5 of them were the same. Using the random forest to construct the prediction model, lung cancer and esophageal cancer were alternately used as the training and validation sets. The AUC values of esophageal cancer and lung cancer as the independent validation set were 0.662 and 0.645.Conclusions:It is feasible to construct a common prediction model of RP in patients with lung cancer and esophageal cancer. Nevertheless, it is necessary to further expand the sample size and include clinical and dosimetric parameters to increase its accuracy, stability and generalization ability.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 556-562, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the incidence of radiation pneumonitis (RP) between lung cancer patients from the European, American and Asian regions.Methods:The studies related to lung cancer and RP were searched from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library. According to the different places where the studies were conducted, the searched studies were divided into two types: Asian studies and European, American and Australian studies. The incidence of RP between two regions was summarized. Studies related to dosimetry parameters were searched from PubMed database.Results:A total of 3, 190 patients from 14studies were included. Meta-analysis results showed that the incidence of ≥ grade 3 RP was similar in patients from Asia and Europe, America and Australia (4.9% vs. 4.6%, P=0.895), whereas the incidence of grade 5 RP in Asia was significantly higher than that in Europe, America and Australia (1.5% vs. 0.2%, P=0.002). Moreover, the lung irradiation dose received by the patients in the Asian group was relatively low. Lung V 20Gy dose limitation standard was reported in 21studies. Further analysis found no statistical significance in lung V 20Gy dose limitation standard between two regions ( P=0.440), and the standard in Asian studies is likely to be even stricter. Conclusions:The incidence of RP after chemoradiotherapy in lung cancer patients in Asia is relatively higher compared with those in Europe, America and Australia. The differences in dose limitation standard should be noted when the thoracic radiation regimen based solely on the data from foreign studies is applied to the patients in Asia.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 927-934, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878141

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) and acute type A intramural hematoma (ATAIMH) are life-threatening diseases with high mortality. To better understand their clinical features in the Chinese population, we analyzed the data from the first Registry of Aortic Dissection in China (Sino-RAD) to promote the understanding and management of the diseases.@*METHODS@#All patients with ATAAD and ATAIMH enrolled in Sino-RAD from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016 were involved. The data of patients' selection, history, symptoms, management, outcomes, and postoperation complications were analyzed in the study. The continuous variables were compared using the Student's t test for normal distributions and the Mann-Whitney U test for non-normal distributions. Categorical variables were compared using the Chi-square test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1582 patients with ATAAD and 130 patients with ATAIMH were included. The mean age of all patients was 48.4 years. Patients with ATAAD were significantly younger than patients with ATAIMH (48.9 years vs. 55.6 years, P < 0.001). For the total cohort, males were dominant, but the male ratio of patients with ATAAD was significantly higher compared to those with ATAIMH (P = 0.01). The time range from the onset of symptom to hospitalization was 2.0 days. More patients of ATAIMH had hypertension than that of ATAAD (82.3% vs. 67.6%, P < 0.05). Chest and back pain were the most common clinical symptoms. Computerized tomography (CT) was the most common initial diagnostic imaging modality. 84.7% received surgical treatment and in-hospital mortality was 5.3%. Patients with ATAAD mainly received surgical treatment (89.6%), while most patients with ATAIMH received medical treatment (39.2%) or endovascular repair (35.4%).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study suggests that doctors should comprehensively use clinical examination and genetic background screening for patients with ATAAD and ATAIMH and further shorten the time range from symptoms onset to intervention, achieving early diagnosis and treatment, thereby reducing the mortality rate of patients with aortic dissection in China. We should standardize the procedures of aortic dissection treatment and improve people's understanding. Meanwhile, the curing and transferring efficiency should also be improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Aortic Dissection/diagnosis , China , Hematoma , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 229-240, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880499

ABSTRACT

Radix Astragali (RA), a traditional Chinese medicine from the dried root of Astragalus species, is widely distributed throughout the temperate regions of the world. The major bioactive constituents of RA are triterpene glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, and alkaloids, and these compounds mostly exert pharmacological activities on the cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, and hepatic systems. This review summarizes the recent studies on RA and provides a comprehensive summary regarding the status of resources, ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, pharmacology, toxicology, clinical application, and patent release of RA. We hope this review can provide a guidance for further development of therapeutic agents from RA.

8.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 169-173, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818396

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe mechanism that affects the infiltration of immune cells in pancreatic cancer has not yet been clarified. This study aims to investigate the lncRNA mRNA regulatory pathways that affect immune infiltration in pancreatic cancer.MethodsTCGA and GEO gene expression data were used to screen common differential lncRNAs. We perform survival analysis, target gene prediction, GO, KEGG enrichment analysis, immune infiltration analysis, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) on the selected differential lncRNAs to identify the relevant pathways of immune infiltration.ResultsThe pancreatic cancer patients with high expression of ADAMTS9 AS1 have a higher survival rate when compared to patients with low expression (P=0.010). The combined analysis of TCGA and GSE86436 revealed the difference and survival-related ADAMTS9 AS1. The functional prediction of ADAMTS9 AS1 was related to immunity. Using the TIMER database, the lncRNA affected the infiltration of immune cells in pancreatic cancer tissues. The clinical analysis was demonstrated that the ADAMTS9 AS1 was related to pathological grade. The target gene SEMA3G was screened by co-expression analysis using the IMMPORT database and TIMER database. Lastly, GSEA analysis of ADAMTS9-AS1 showed that the lncRNA was also related to tumor metabolism.ConclusionThese results indicate that ADAMTS9-AS1-SEMA3G is associated with the prognosis and immune invasion level of pancreatic cancer, which can provide a theoretical basis for subsequent genetic verification experiments and immune research.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 213-217, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study on the association between vasoactive-inotropic score(VIS) and mortality of total arch replacement in Stanford type A aortic dissection(TAAD) patients.Methods:Data of TAAD patients admitted from January 2018 to November 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 187 patients were finally included in the analysis. 30-day mortality was calculated and the patients were divided into death group(18 cases) and non-death group(169 cases). The VIS at each time point and perioperative indexes of the two groups were compared. The value of VIS in predicting mortality was analyzed.Results:The 30-day mortality was 9.63%(18/187). The operation time, cardiopulmonary bypass time, ventilator assistance time, the incidence of tracheotomy and major postoperative complications in the death group were significantly higher than those in the non-death group( P<0.05). VIS of death group was significantly higher than that of non-death group( P<0.05). At each time point, the area under ROC curve(AUC) of VIS was greater than 0.500( P<0.05), among which AUC of ICU 48 h VIS was the largest(0.817), and the best cut-off point of ICU 48 h VIS was determined to be 9, sensitivity 61.1%, specificity 92.3%. Logistic regression analysis showed that ICU 48 h VIS was an independent risk factor for predicting the death of total arch replacement in TAAD patients( OR=1.465, 95% CI: 1.194-1.796, P<0.001). Conclusion:When ICU 48 h VIS≥9, the risk of death was increased in patients with total arch replacement of TAAD. VIS may be a useful reference index for predicting the mortality of total arch replacement in TAAD patients in the early postoperative period.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 715-719, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818310

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to analyze the differences in the molecular characteristics of transcriptome between esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). Methods We obtained transcriptomic data on ESCC and EAC from the TCGA database, screened differentially expressed mRNAs, lncRNAs and miRNAs in cancer and the adjacent tissues, and constructed a network of ESCC- and EAC-related competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA). We predicted the target genes and performed gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analyses on important miRNAs, and compared the molecular features of the transcriptomes between ESCC and EAC. Results The ceRNA network analysis showed that PVT1, LINC00524, miR-204, miR-383, HOXC8 and NTRK2 played important regulatory roles in both ESCC and EAC. Totally, 13 227 regulatory target genes were predicted with miR-204-5p via miRWalk and 232 target genes screened from the miRDB database. GO analysis revealed 38 enrichments, mainly involved in the regulation of cell-matrix adhesion, morphogenesis of cell membrane projection, and β-catenin combination, KEGG analysis showed 4 relevant pathways: the hedgehog, life-regulating, estrogen and relaxin signaling pathways, and survival analysis manifested LINC00261, MLIP-IT1 and LINC00504 as survival-related differentially expressed lncRNAs, hsa-mir-338 as differentially expressed miRNA, but no mRNA in ESCC. Survival-related differentially expressed lncRNAs in EAC included CYP1B1-AS1 and HOTAIR, and differentially expressed mRNAs included IL11, NTRK2, ANGPT2 and PBK. Of the differentially expressed lncRNAs in both ESCC and EAC, 150 (15.4%) were up-regulated and 158 (26.8%) down-regulated; of the miRNAs, 22 (24.2%) up-regulated and 8 (27.6%) down-regulated; and of the mRNAs, 234 (20.5%) up-regulated and 418 (23.7%) down-regulated. Conclusion There are significant molecular differences between ESCC and EAC, and the differentially expressed lncRNA, miRNA and mRNA may provide some new targets and molecular markers for the treatment and prognosis of esophageal carcinoma.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1037-1042, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818136

ABSTRACT

Objective Differentially-expressed lncRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among different races remain unclarified at present time. This study aimed to analyze the shared and specific differential expression profiles of lncRNAs in HCC patients of the yellow, white and black races in the TCGA database and predict their functions and regulatory mechanisms. Methods We screened differentially expressed lncRNAs in the cancer and paracancer tissues of the HCC patients of the yellow, white and black races, compared differential expression profiles of lncRNAs and identified the common differentially expressed lncRNAs among the three races. We performed COX regression survival analysis on the differentially expressed lncRNAs, constructed a ceRNA network, and predicted the target genes and their regulatory mechanisms by GO and KEGG enrichment analyses and prediction of the transcription factors. Results Totally 49 HCC-related lncRNAs were found in all the three races, with 21.5% overlapped in the white and black races, 7.8% in the white and yellow and 5.8% in the black and Asians. GO enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of LINC01224 in the all three races were related to DNA replication and transposition, gene expression regulation, epigenetics, silencing of miRNAs, and gene silencing after RNA transcription, while KEGG analysis revealed a correlation of LINC01224 with the cell cycle and DNA replication. Target genes were not predicted in the 11 survival-related lncRNAs in the patients of the white race. Of the 6 survival-related lncRNAs in the yellow patients, the target gene of AC093609.1 was shown to be involved in the activity of the ionic channel, regulation of cardiomyopathy- and cardiomyocyte adrenalin-related signaling pathways, various metabolic functions, fat degradation, ABC protein transportation, and amino acid metabolism. Conclusion HCC-related expression profiles of lncRNAs have a great similarity between the white and black races, but a high differentiality between the yellow and the white or black. LINC01224 may be involved in the relation of tumor growth in all the three races, while AC093609.1 and AC126118.1 specific of the yellow race play an important role in tumor metabolism.

12.
Chinese Herbal Medicines ; (4): 119-131, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842085

ABSTRACT

Non-Camellia Tea, as an integral part of Chinese tea culture for several centuries, is important to prevent chronic metabolic diseases. However, it was not systematically studied until academician Pei-gen Xiao defined it. Hereby, Non-Camellia Tea was reviewed systematically in definition, classification, traditional functions, chemical compositions, and pharmacology.

13.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 338-340,344, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792733

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the prevalence of depressive symptoms and influencing factors among adolescents. Methods A total of 635 students aged 13 to 18 years were selected in March 2017 and were investigated with general information questionnaire, CES-D and CTQ-SF. Results 630 questionnaires are effective and the positive rate of depression was 29.84%(188/630) . The average score of CTQ was 32.15±2.98; 38.73% of the students were disregarded and only 2.22% of that were abused during their childhood. 40.00% of the students had no CTQ, 1 kinds of CTQ accounted for 31.43% , 2 kinds of CTQ accounted for 18.25%, and more than 3 CTQ accounted for 10.32%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis show that gender (OR=1.034, 95% CI: 1.012-1.056) , parents' marital status (OR=1.124, 95% CI: 1.087-1.162) , family atmosphere (OR=1.025, 95% CI: 1.024-1.158) , CTQ cumulative number (ORCTQ=1=1.528, 95% CI: 1.214-1.923; ORCTQ=2=3.067, 95% CI: 1.325-7.102; ORCTQ≥3=10.361, 95% CI: 3.059-35.093) were the risk factors for depression. Conclusion Gender, parents' marital status, family atmosphere and CTQ cumulative number were risk factors for depression in adolescents.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 21-27, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809798

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinical significance of NS1-BP expression in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and to study the roles of NS1-BP in proliferation and apoptosis of ESCC cells.@*Methods@#A total of 98 tumor tissues and 30 adjacent normal tissues from 98 ESCC patients were used as study group and control group, and these samples were collected in Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center between 2002 and 2008. In addition, 46 ESCC tissues which were collected in Cancer Institute and Hospital of Tianjin Medical University were used as validation group. Expression of mucosal NS1-BP was detected by immunohistochemistry. Kaplan-Meier curve and log-rank test were used to analyze the survival rate. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the prognostic factors. Furthermore, NS1-BP was over expressed or knocked down in ESCC cells by transient transfection. Protein levels of c-Myc were detected by western blot. Cell viability and apoptosis was analyzed by MTT assay and flow cytometry.@*Results@#Among all of tested samples, NS1-BP were down-regulated in 9 out of 30 non-tumorous normal esophageal tissues (30.0%) and 85 out of 144 ESCC tissues (59.0%), respectively, showing a statistically significant difference (P=0.012). In the study group, three-year disease-free survival rate of NS1-BP high expression group (53.2%) was significantly higher than that of NS1-BP low expression group (27.6%; P=0.009). In the validation group, the three-year disease-free survival rates were 57.8% and 25.5% in NS1-BP high and low levels groups, respectively, showing a similar results (P=0.016). Importantly, multivariate analyses showed that low expression of NS1-BP was an independent predictor for chemoradiotherapy sensitivity and shorter disease-free survival time in ESCC patients(P<0.05 for all). Furthermore, overexpressed NS1-BP in TE-1 cells repressed c-Myc expression, inhibited cell proliferation and promoted apoptosis. In contrast, knockdown NS1-BP in KYSE510 cells induced c-Myc expression, increased cell proliferation and repressed apoptosis.@*Conclusions@#NS1-BP is an independent favorable prognostic factor in ESCC. It inhibits cell proliferation and enhances cell apoptosis via repressing c-Myc. Targeting NS1-BP may be a new therapeutic strategy for ESCC patients.

15.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E500-E505, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803836

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a three-dimensional (3D) solid model of the cortical bone including osteons, verify the stress concentration effect of osteons, simulate and predict the stress concentration location under fatigue using finite element analysis (FEA). Methods The 3D solid model of the cortical bone including osteons was constructed in Pro/E wildfire 5.0, and local stress and strain distributions in the cortical bone under different axial compression were calculated and analyzed in ANSYS 12.0. Fatigue simulation on the selected locations was conducted to evaluate fatigue status of the model subjected to different fatigue loading intensities. Results Obvious stress concentration at the junction of osteon and the interstitical bone appeared under axial compressive loads, and the percentage of pathological local strain in the cortical bone increased with the axial compression increasing. Fatigue simulation on the selected locations demonstrated that bone fatigue risk during physiological or daily activities was very low, while a high fatigue or fracture risk might occur during high-intensity exercises or training. Conclusions The 3D solid model of the cortical bone including osteons is successfully established, the stress concentration effect of osteons is verified, and the location of bone fatigue damage under strenuous exercise and its risk are predicted. These experimental results can provide references for training management and athletic fatigue damage prevention in military recruits and long distance running athletes.

16.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): 500-505, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701044

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a three-dimensional (3D) solid model of the cortical bone including osteons,verify the stress concentration effect of osteons,simulate and predict the stress concentration location under fatigue using finite element analysis (FEA).Methods The 3D solid model of the cortical bone including osteons was constructed in Pro/E wildfire 5.0,and local stress and strain distributions in the cortical bone under different axial compression were calculated and analyzed in ANSYS 12.0.Fatigue simulation on the selected locations was conducted to evaluate fatigue status of the model subjected to different fatigue loading intensities.Results Obvious stress concentration at the junction of osteon and the interstitical bone appeared under axial compressive loads,and the percentage of pathological local strain in the cortical bone increased with the axial compression increasing.Fatigue simulation on the selected locations demonstrated that bone fatigue risk during physiological or daily activities was very low,while a high fatigue or fracture risk might occur during high-intensity exercises or training.Conclusions The 3 D solid model of the cortical bone including osteons is successfully established,the stress concentration effect of osteons is verified,and the location of bone fatigue damage under strenuous exercise and its risk are predicted.These experimental results can provide references for training management and athletic fatigue damage prevention in military recruits and long distance running athletes.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4486-4492, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668439

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Generally,orthognathic surgery is used for skeletal mandibular retrusion.As the fulcrum of the masticatory loads on the temporomandibular joint,the mandible connects orthognathic surgery on itself with temporomandibular joint closely.However,the influence of orthognathic surgery on temporomandibular joint has not yet been fully unified.Finite element method has been widely used in the research concerning stomatology in recent years.OBJECTIVE:To establish a finite element model of temporomandibular joint and mandible with masticatory muscles before and after orthognathic surgery on the mandible and to investigate the long-term influence of orthognathic surgery on the biomechanics of temporomandibular joint.METHODS:The data of CT scan and three-dimensional reconstruction of a patient with skeletal mandibular retrusion were used to simulate surgical mandibular advancement with sagittal split ramus osteotomy,and the distance of advancement was 4,8 and 10 mm,respectively.The Von Mises stress of the condyles and articular fossae were obtained based on finite element method.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The finite element models of temporomandibular joint and mandible with masticatory muscles before and after orthognathic surgery of the patient with skeletal mandibular retrusion were established successfully,the stress nephograms and maximum Von Mises stress in each region of the condyles and articular fossae were obtained.To conclude,the finite element models are successfully established by Mimics,Geomagic Studio,Unigraphics NX and Workbench synthetically.The standard orthognathic surgery generally does not affect the condyle and glenoid fossa of the patient with skeletal mandibular retrusion negatively in the long-term.

18.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 898-904, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-814946

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of LCL161, a Smac mimetic, on the proliferation and apoptosis in hepatocellular carcinoma cells and the underlying mechanisms. 
@*METHODS@#The effect of LCL161 on the cell viability of HepG2 and SMMC7721 cells was measured by MTT assay. The effect of LCL161 at lower concentrations on the proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells was detected by colony formation assay. Apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry with PI staining. The mitochondrial membrane potential was measured by JC-1 staining. The expression of PARP, p-Akt, cIAP1 and XIAP protein was analyzed by Western blot.
@*RESULTS@#LCL161 displayed notable antiproliferative activity on HCC cells at the concentrations of 1-16 μmol/L (P<0.01), with IC50 values of 4.3 and 4.9 μmol/L for HepG2 and SMMC7721 cells, respectively, after treatment for 48 h. LCL161 at lower concentrations obviously inhibited the colony formation of HCC cells. LCL161 induced significant apoptosis in HCC cells (P<0.01), and resulted in the apoptotic rate at (1.5±0.8)% or (1.8±0.6)% , (15.2±2.8)% or (12.2±2.4)%, (28.7±3.0)% or (22.4±2.7)%, (34.6±2.3)% or (30.2±2.4)% for HepG2 cells or SMMC7721 cells at the concentration of 0, 2, 4 or 8 μmol/L, respectively. The result of JC-1 staining indicated that the mitochondrial membrane potential of HCC cells was reduced by LCL161. In addition, LCL161 promoted the cleavage of PARP, down-regulated the protein expression of p-Akt, and degraded cIAP1.
@*CONCLUSION@#LCL161 possesses significant anti-proliferative activity and pro-apoptotic action in HepG2 and SMMC7721 cells, which might be correlated with reduction in mitochondrial membrane potential, down-regulation of p-Akt and degradation of cIAP1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Down-Regulation , Hep G2 Cells , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Metabolism , Liver Neoplasms , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Genetics , Thiazoles , Pharmacology , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Metabolism , X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein
19.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 975-979, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340584

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of virtual reality (VR) training on the gross motor function of the lower limb and the fine motor function of the upper limb in children with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five children with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy were randomly assigned to VR training group (n=19) and conventional training group (n=16). The conventional training group received conventional physical therapy and occupational therapy for three months. The VR training group received VR training and occupational therapy for three months. Grip and visual-motor integration subtests in Peabody Developmental Motor Scales-2 were used to evaluate the fine movement in patients before and after treatment. The D and E domains of the 88-item version of the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-88), Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) were used to evaluate the gross movement in patients before and after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before treatment, there were no significant differences in grip, visual-motor integration, fine motor development quotient, scores of D and E domains of GMFM-88, MAS score, or BBS score between the two groups (P>0.05). After treatment, all the indices were significantly improved in the VR training group compared with the conventional training group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>VR training can effectively improve the gross motor function of the lower limb and the fine motor function of the upper limb in children with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Cerebral Palsy , Therapeutics , Extremities , Movement , Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 785-792, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330232

ABSTRACT

The distribution information of Cistanche deserticola was collected by interview investigation and field survey, and 55 related environmental factors were collected, the habitat suitability study was conducted based on geographic information system (GIS) and Maximum entropy model. The AUCs of ROC curve were both above 0.9, indicating that the predictive results with the maxent model were highly precise. The results showed that 14 major environmental factors have obvious influence on ecology suitability distributions of C. deserticola, including vegetation type et al, the suitable distribution areas are mainly concentrated in the central of Alxa Youqi, the north of Alxa Zouqi and the south-east of Ejin Banner, including Tamusu towns, Alateng towns et al, The zoning results basically coincide with the genuine producing areas, and further afford new suitable distribution areas, which can provide reference for the siting of introduction and cultivation of C. deserticola.


Subject(s)
China , Cistanche , Ecosystem , Environment , Geographic Information Systems , Rain , Soil , Chemistry , Temperature
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