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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943050

ABSTRACT

Gut microbiota have been validated to play a pivotal role in metabolic regulation. As the most effective treatment for obesity and related comorbidities, bariatric surgery has been shown to result in significant alterations to the gut microbiota. Literature have recently suggested temporal and spatial features of alterations to the intestinal bacteria following bariatric surgery, which is possibly attributed to the gut adaptation to the surgical modification on the gastrointestinal tract. More importantly, the gut microbiota have been appreciated as a critical contributor to the metabolic improvements following bariatric surgery. Although not fully elucidated, the underlying mechanisms are associated with the molecular pathways mediating the crosstalk between gut microbiota and host . On the other hand, change of the gut microbiota has been found to be related to the prognosis of patients receiving bariatric surgery. Some studies even point out negative effects of the gut microbiota on certain surgical complications . In this review, we summarize the characteristics of alterations to the gut microbiota following bariatric surgery as well as its relevant impacts to better understand the role of gut microbiota in bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Bariatric Surgery , Gastrointestinal Microbiome/physiology , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Obesity/surgery , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 480-484, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911475

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of antinuclear antibody (ANA) status with clinical features and malignancy risk in adult patients with dermatomyositis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed to analyze clinical data from 101 inpatients with dermatomyositis in Department of Dermatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from April 2008 to April 2018. These patients were divided into ANA-positive group and ANA-negative group, and differences in myopathy and malignancy risks as well as other clinical features were analyzed between the 2 groups. A 2-year follow-up was undertaken among 92 patients. Chi-square test was used to analyze and compare clinical features between the 2 groups, and a multivariate regression model was used to analyze the relationship of ANA status with amyopathic dermatomyositis and malignancies.Results:Among the 101 patients with dermatomyositis, there were 42 males and 59 females, aged 55.13 ± 14.63 years; 14 patients had amyopathic dermatomyositis, 6 patients had hypomyopathic dermatomyositis, and 81 patients had myopathic dermatomyositis; 42 (41.58%) cases were positive for ANA, and 59 (58.41%) were negative for ANA. Compared with the ANA-negative group, the ANA-positive group showed significantly decreased incidence of cervical erythema (33.33% vs. 59.32%, P=0.010) and shawl sign (14.28% vs. 35.59%, P=0.017) . Twenty-eight (27.72%) patients with dermatomyositis were complicated by malignancies. Malignancies were found in 5 (11.9%) of ANA-positive patients, and in 23 (38.98%) of ANA-negative patients. Univariate analysis showed that ANA-negative patients with dermatomyositis had a higher risk of malignancies compared with ANA-positive patients with dermatomyositis, with an odds ratio of 7.52 (95% CI: 1.62-13.78, P=0.003) . In the multivariate regression model, the absence of ANA ( OR=4.34, 95% CI: 1.37-13.72, P=0.012) and cervical erythema ( OR=3.27, 95% CI: 1.20-8.91, P=0.020) were associated with high incidence of malignancies, while the absence of ANA was not significantly correlated with the occurrence of amyopathic dermatomyositis ( OR=0.99, 95% CI: 0.32-2.99, P=0.980) . Conclusions:ANA-negative adult dermatomyositis patients with cervical erythema had an increased risk of malignancies. Thus, close follow-up and regular tumor screening are necessary in these patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799589

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To develop the environment scale of unintentional injury in the home for children aged 0-6 years living in urban area of China, and test its validity and reliability.@*Methods@#The content of the environment scale was established through the literature review, expert consultation and pilot study. A total of 1 104 children aged 0-6 years in urban area of Changsha were enrolled in this study by using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. The questionnaire was used to collect the basic information of children, the incidence of unintentional injury and the status of home environment. The reliability of the scale was tested by using Cronbach′s α coefficient and split-half reliability coefficient. The content validity and construct validity were tested by using Pearson correlation analysis and factor analysis. All children were divided into two groups according to the incidence of unintentional injury in the home and the discrimination validity of the scale was tested by using t-test.@*Results@#The scale had 54 items in 6 dimensions. The number of eligible questionnaires was 1 074, including 554 (51.6%) from boys and 519 (48.3%) from children under 3 years old. The incidence rate of unintentional injury and in-home injury was 18.34% (197 children) and 10.71% (115 children). The internal consistency reliability (Cronbach′s α) coefficient for the scale was 0.87 and the split-efficacy reliability coefficient was 0.82, both meeting the standard of reliability above 0.70. The Pearson correlation coefficient between each dimension and the whole scale ranged from 0.53 to 0.84 (all P values <0.001). The common factor cumulative variance contribution rate of the scale was 58.34%. There were 54 items with factor loadings greater than 0.30. The root mean square error of approximation, comparative fit index and goodness-of-fit index were 0.07, 0.61 and 0.71, respectively. The score of scale in children with injury was significantly higher than that in children without injury (P=0.022).@*Conclusion@#The validity and reliability of the environment scale for unintentional injury in the home for children aged 0-6 years old in the urban area of China are good.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787759

ABSTRACT

To develop the environment scale of unintentional injury in the home for children aged 0-6 years living in urban area of China, and test its validity and reliability. The content of the environment scale was established through the literature review, expert consultation and pilot study. A total of 1 104 children aged 0-6 years in urban area of Changsha were enrolled in this study by using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method. The questionnaire was used to collect the basic information of children, the incidence of unintentional injury and the status of home environment. The reliability of the scale was tested by using Cronbach's α coefficient and split-half reliability coefficient. The content validity and construct validity were tested by using Pearson correlation analysis and factor analysis. All children were divided into two groups according to the incidence of unintentional injury in the home and the discrimination validity of the scale was tested by using -test. The scale had 54 items in 6 dimensions. The number of eligible questionnaires was 1 074, including 554 (51.6%) from boys and 519 (48.3%) from children under 3 years old. The incidence rate of unintentional injury and in-home injury was 18.34% (197 children) and 10.71% (115 children). The internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α) coefficient for the scale was 0.87 and the split-efficacy reliability coefficient was 0.82, both meeting the standard of reliability above 0.70. The Pearson correlation coefficient between each dimension and the whole scale ranged from 0.53 to 0.84 (all values <0.001). The common factor cumulative variance contribution rate of the scale was 58.34%. There were 54 items with factor loadings greater than 0.30. The root mean square error of approximation, comparative fit index and goodness-of-fit index were 0.07, 0.61 and 0.71, respectively. The score of scale in children with injury was significantly higher than that in children without injury (0.022). The validity and reliability of the environment scale for unintentional injury in the home for children aged 0-6 years old in the urban area of China are good.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of selective lumbosacral posterior rhizotomy(SPR) on lower limb spasticity and gross motor function in patients with cerebral palsy.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to October 2018, 47 patients with cerebral palsy were treated with rehabilitation alone and SPR combined with rehabilitation. According to whether SPR was performed, the patients were divided into group A and group B. Group A was treated with rehabilitation combined with SPR at lumbosacral level, and group B was treated with rehabilitation alone. There were 23 cases in group A, including 15 males and 8 females, with an average age of (7.30±3.25) years old; 24 cases in group B, 13 males and 11 females, with an average age of (7.00±3.09) years old. Forty-seven patients were assessed with modified Ashworth(MAS) and Gross Motor Function Scale(GMFM-88 items) before and after treatment. The changes of MAS and GMFM-88 scores before and after treatment were compared to evaluate the degree of spasm and the improvement of gross motor function in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All 47 patients were followed up. At 6 months after treatment, the MAS classification of the two groups was significantly improved(<0.05), and the improvement of group A was more obvious than that of group B(<0.05). Six months after treatment, the D, E and total scores of GMFM-88 between two groups were significantly improved compared with those before operation(<0.05). The improvement of D and total scores in group A was more obvious than that in group B. There was no significant difference in the improvement of area E between two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Selective posterior rhizotomy combined with rehabilitation can significantly improve the spastic state and gross motor function of lower limbs in children with cerebral palsy, and can effectively promote the reconstruction and recovery of motor function of lower limbs in children with cerebral palsy.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Palsy , General Surgery , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Movement , Muscle Spasticity , Rhizotomy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816388

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD) is pronouncedly increased among obese population due to the incompetence of anti-reflux barrier resulting from adiposity.While lifestyle changes, medications and anti-reflux surgery have limited effects, bariatric surgery is the best treatment for GERD in patients with obesity. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass is an ideal procedure and sleeve gastrectomy can also be accepted as an option despite its controversy over GERD.Besides, some combination surgeries have emerged to be worth attempts. In case of the postoperative reflux, causes for that should be found and treated. Revisional surgery can be performed when it is necessary.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707058

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of acupuncture on the level of inflammatory cytokines and toll-like receptor 4 in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of SHR; To investigate the mechanisms of acupuncture in reduction of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) in SHR. Methods Thirty 10-week old SHR were randomly divided into SHR group, acupuncture group and non-acupoint group, with 10 rats in each group. 10 WKY rats were set as control group. Acupuncture group received bilateral acupuncture in "Taichong" acupoint, and twisting and diarrhea method was used to stimulate; non-acupoint group received acupuncture at the back of feet, and soothing and diarrhea with twisting method was used to stimulate. Materials were taken two weeks later. The mean arterial pressure of rats was detected every day; the expression of TLR4 mRNA in PVN was detected by RT-PCR; The expression of TLR4 protein in PVN was detected by Western blot; The levels of TNF-αa nd IL-6 were detected. Results Compared with control group, the mean arterial pressure of SHR group increased; TLR4 mRNA and protein expression in PVN increased significantly; the level of TNF-α and IL-6 increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with SHR group, the mean arterial pressure of acupuncture group decreased significantly;TLR4 mRNA and protein expression in PVN decreased significantly; the level of TNF-α and IL-6 decreased significantly (P<0.05). There was no significant change in non-acupoint group. Conclusion Acupuncture in"Taichong" acupoint can attenuate blood pressure of SHR by inhibiting expression of TLR4 in PVN and reducing the levels of TNF-α and IL-6.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289890

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the roles of microRNA-21 (miR-21) in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance (IR) and diabetes mellitus (DM) mice model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eight-week-old C57BL/6 mice were allocated into control group, IR group, and DM group. Body mass was recorded. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test was performed to determine any abnormal glucose metabolism. The liver pathological changes were detected by biopsy. Changes in free blood glucose, free serum insulin, blood fat and tumor necrosis factor Α level were measured. Differences in miR-21 expression and peroxidase proliferator-activated receptor subtypes (PPAR-Γ and PPAR-Α) and adipocyte fatty acid binding protein (aP2) in the liver were detected both at the mRNA and protein levels.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After one 8-week high-fat diet, the body mass, free serum insulin, and homeostasis model IR index significantly increased in the IR group (P<0.01, P<0.05, compared with control group), while the free blood glucose increased and the free serum insulin decreased in DM group (P<0.05). Free serum insulin level were significantly increased in IR group (P<0.05). Serum tumor necrosis factor-Α levels exhibited an upward trend in control group, IR group, and DM group (P<0.05, P<0.01). With exacerbation in NAFLD, liver miR-21 expression level went further down in both IR and DM groups (P<0.05). The downregulated miR-21 expression level showed negative correlation with upregulated PPAR-Α, ΑP2, and PPAR-Γ genetic expression (r=-0.696, r=-0.664, and r=-0.766, respectively; P<0.05) in IR group and with upregulated PPAR-Α and PPAR-Γ genetic expression in DM group (r=-0.676 and r=-0.550, respectively; P<0.05). In terms of the changes in protein expression level,only on the protein expressions of aP2 and PPAR-Γ in IR group showed significant change (P<0.05, P<0.01, compared with control group).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The miR-21 expression is downregulated in both IR and DM-induced NAFLD mice. It may be involved in the pathogenesis of NAFLD by regulating the expressions of PPAR subtypes.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diet, High-Fat , Disease Models, Animal , Insulin , Blood , Insulin Resistance , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , PPAR alpha , Metabolism , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 41-43, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498888

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the solid phase extraction (SPE) with GC/MS technology for fish poi-soning cases to determine five pesticides in fishpond. Methods By three solid phase extraction column including Oasis HLB cartridge, Bond Elut C18 and SampliQ C18, the recovery rate was compared to ex-tract and purify five pesticides in fishpond. The effects of different kinds and dosages of eluents on ex-tract rate were also reviewed. Results Using Bond Elut C18 as solid phase extraction column and 3 mL benzene as eluent, the linear range of mass concentration of five pesticides in fishpond was 1-50 μg/mL, and the correlation coefficient was 0.996 2-0.999 6. The limit of detection was 3.4-26 μg/L and the re-covery was 61.49%-102.48%. The relative standard deviations was less than or equal to 3.01%. Conclu-sion With high sensitivity, good accuracy and precision, SPE -GC/MS has simple and quick operation and less solvent. It can be applied to determination of five pesticides in fishpond.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854040

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate limonoids in the seeds of an Indian mangrove, Xylocarpus moluccensis. Methods: Compounds were isolated and purified by silica gel, ODS gel column chromatographies, and HPLC. The structures of the obtained limonoids were identified by NMR spectra and ESI-MS. Results: Eighteen limonoids, such as fissinolide (1), 3-propanoylproceranolide (2), 3β- hydroxyangustidienolide (3), 3β-acetoxy-6-deoxy-swietenine (4), febrifugin (5), granatumin I (6), 3-de(2-methylbutanoyl)-3- propanoylcipadesin (7), granatumin H (8), tigloylseneganolide A (9), ruageanin A (10), swietemahonolide (11), khayasin T (12), andhraxylocarpin D (13), granatumin D (14), 7-oxo-7-deacetoxygenunin (15), gedunin (16), methyl angolensate (17), and 20,21,22,23- tetrahydro-23-oxoazadirone (18), were isolated and identified. Conclusion: 3-propanoylproceranolide (2) is a new compound, and compound 3 is a new natural product.

11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 131-134, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257540

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the safety and efficacy of RevoLix 120 W 2 µm continuous-wave (cw) laser enucleation of the prostate with transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) in patients with symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). And to evaluate clinical value of 120 W 2 µm cw laser enucleation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All 168 patients with BPH underwent 2 µm cw laser enucleation (n = 88) or TURP (n = 80) between January 2010 and January 2011. The operative time, drop in hemoglobin, drop in serum sodium, indwelling catheterization time and operative complications were recorded. International prostate symptom score (IPSS), quality of life (QOL), urinary peak flow rate (Qmax) and post-voiding residual urine (PVR) were also compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean operative time was slightly longer in the 2 µm laser group ((63.2 ± 21.6) min) than the TURP group ((59.4 ± 18.6) min) (P > 0.05). Transfusions were not necessary in 2 µm laser group. Catheter indwelling time were (1.8 ± 0.6) days vs. (3.5 ± 2.6) days in 2 µm laser group than in TURP group (t = 3.912, P < 0.05). All cases were followed up for 3 - 12 months, the IPSS, QOL, Qmax and PVR were 6.1 ± 2.0, 4.4 ± 1.6, (18.8 ± 4.8) ml/s and (21.6 ± 16.5) ml in the 2 µm laser group, and were 6.3 ± 2.4, 1.9 ± 1.1, (18.4 ± 4.2) ml/s, (23.2 ± 14.6) ml in TURP group respectively. All the markers were improved significantly compared with that of preoperative in both groups (t = 12.453 - 26.213, P < 0.01), but no statistical differences could be found between the two groups. Perioperative complications were less in the 2 µm laser group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The 120 W 2 µm cw laser enucleation is an novel excellent treatment for BPH as well as TURP, and has the advantage of significantly less blood loss, shorter hospitalization, shorter catheter indwelling time and rapid recovery after surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Electrosurgery , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Laser Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Methods , Treatment Outcome
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