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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882379

ABSTRACT

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a type of endogenous non-coding RNAs discovered recently, which are produced by models such as circularization driven by intron pairing and are regulated by related regulatory factors. An important biological function of circRNAs is to act as a molecular sponge to make the level of microRNAs significantly change in a short period of time. A number of studies have shown that circRNAs are closely associated with ischemic stroke. Therefore, a better understanding of the function of circRNAs and its regulatory mechanism will help to explore the expression of circRNAs in early ischemic stroke and its molecular mechanism in the occurrence and development of ischemic stroke, so as to establish an early warning model to realize the early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment of ischemic stroke. This article reviews the definition, biological characteristics, and expression changes and roles of circRNAs after ischemic stroke.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879105

ABSTRACT

Weeds is one of the important parts of agricultural ecosystem of Chinese materia medica. Weeds is a double-edged sword with advantages and disadvantages for the cultivated medicinal plants. In this study, we firstly analyzed the positive and negative effects of weeds on the yield and quality of Chinese materia medica. We then explored the possible mechanisms for the weeds' positive effects from the aspects of interspecific relationship, soil microecological environment, light environment, natural control of pests and so on. We also summarized three basic principles of weed control, that is, "making medicinal plants and weeds coexist harmoniously, achieving the overall optimum growth of medicinal plants", "prevention first, integrated control" and "preserving beneficial weeds and increasing their beneficial effects, removing harmful weeds and control their adverse effects". Finally, we introduced several common weed ecological control technology in field of the cultivated medicinal plants in China, including technology of controlling weeds by no-tillage, stral mulch, rotation, alternative herbs, competitive crops, and allelopathy. This study is aimed to apply the ecology theory to guide weed management and control, so as to achieve the goal of advantages promotion and disadvantages elimination of weeds to cultivated medicinal plants, making weeds into treasure and to promote the sustainable and healthy development of Chinese medicinal materials production and the protection of weed diversity.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Ecosystem , Materia Medica , Plants, Medicinal
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879104

ABSTRACT

Ecological agriculture is a crucial way for agriculture of Chinese materia medica, which emphasizes the application of ecological principles in the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine. While long-term intensive farming and modern chemical agriculture have threatened soil health, the sustainable development of ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica is constrained. No-til-lage can reduce both frequency and intensity of tillage. Compared with conventional agriculture, no-tillage can reduce soil disturbance, maintain no-tillage for a long or permanent period and keep mulching. The application of no-tillage has a long history. More and more studies have shown that no-tillage has many advantages over conventional tillage, and the ecological and economic benefits of no-tillage are particularly outstandingin long-term. The cultivation of Chinese medicinal materials adheres to the principle of not grabbing land from farmland, making full use of the soil resources under forests, mountains and wasteland. Reducing the risk of soil loss and sustai-nable utilization are the core issues in the process of new land cultivation. No-tillage application, which not only inherits the traditional Chinese concept of natural farming, but also integrates the laws of ecological agriculture, will become the core strategies of sustainable development of Chinese materia medica ecological agriculture. This study will introduce the basic concepts and development process of no-tillage, analyze their ecological benefits in ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica, and put forward their application strategies.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sustainable Development
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782359

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The influence of surgical delay on mortality and morbidity has been studied extensively among elderly hip fracture patients. However, most studies only focus on the timing of surgery when patients have already been hospitalized, without considering pre-admission waiting time. Therefore, the present study aims to explore the influence of admission delay on surgical outcomes.@*METHODS@#In this retrospective study, we recorded admission timing and interval from admission to surgery for included patient. Other covariates were also collected to control confounding. The primary outcome was 1-year mortality. The secondary outcomes were 1-month mortality, 3-month mortality, ICU admission and postoperative pneumonia. We mainly used multivariate logistic regression to determine the effect of admission timing on postoperative outcomes. An additional survival analysis was also performed to assess the impact of admission delay on survival status in the first year after operation.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of patients hospitalized on day 0, day 1, day 2 after injury was 25.4%, 54.7% and 66.3%, respectively. And 12.6% patients visited hospital one week later after injury. Mean time from admission to surgery was 5.2 days (standard deviation 2.8 days). Hospitalization at one week after injury was a risk factor for 1-year mortality (OR 1.762, 95% CI 1.026–3.379, P=0.041).@*CONCLUSION@#Admission delay of more than one week is significantly associated with higher 1-year mortality. As a supplement to the current guidelines which emphasizes early surgery after admission, we also advocate early admission once patients get injured.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 186-192, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868962

ABSTRACT

Due to its advantages of low wear,high stability and flexibility,the new generation metal-on-metal hip prosthesis is favored by many patients with hip diseases,especially young patients.However,in recent years,several studies have indicated that adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) caused the formation of inflammatory pseudotumor,which ultimately led to a higher revision rate after metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty.This aroused the widespread concern from doctors and patients.Moreover,revision surgery for metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty in the setting of inflammatory pseudotumor is faced with a great risk of failure because of the large defects of bone and surrounding soft tissue and difficulty in removing the original prosthesis and the fixing of the modified prosthesis.Therefore,the use of such products is restricted with caution in their choice.We summarized the recent developments in the research in the risk factors,diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory pseudotumor after metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty.The risk factors for the formation of inflammatory pseudotumor around the hip prosthesis mainly include the increase of metal ion concentration,the position of prosthesis implantation and the patient's own factors.The diagnosis mainly depends on physical examination,imaging examination,laboratory examination,arthroscopy and histological examination.The treatment strategies for clinical symptomatic and asymptomatic patients are also varies.Through the detailed analysis,evaluation and summary of the above contents,we may provide guidance for the selection of hip prosthesis,and lay the foundation for further exploration of the mechanism of inflammatory pseudotumor caused by ARMD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 58-62, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867671

ABSTRACT

Hip fracture is a common type of fracture in the elderly.Complications such as pulmonary infection,pressure sore,deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism often occurred after hip fracture,which may threaten the lives of patients.At present,surgery is the main measure for hip fracture,including joint replacement and internal fixation.The impact of surgical timing on postoperative mortality is the focus of attention of many scholars.However,there is still no consistent conclusion,and clinicians are often confused.The authors review the definition of surgical timing,the impact of surgical timing on mortality and process improvement in surgical timing in order to better guide clinical practice and provide new ideas for clinical research.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 288-290, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862838

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the therapeutic efficacy of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) for treatment of relapsed patients with double expression lymphoma after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT).Methods:The treatment process of one patient with double expression diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who received CAR-T immunotherapy after the recurrence of auto-HSCT in Henan Provincial People's Hospital in August, 2017 was retrospectively analyzed, and the related literature was reviewed.Results:A 50-year-old female double expression diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patient received the standard treatment regimen, and then had auto-HSCT based on the BEAM preconditioning regimen. The patient relapsed after 5 months, and finally got sustained remission after chemotherapy regimen containing cladribine for 2 courses of treatment combined with CAR-T therapy. CD20 +-CAR-T cells were detected in this patient for 8 mouths sustainably. Conclusion:For relapsed patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma after auto-HSCT, reduction remission of the treatment regimen containing cladribine followed by CAR-T sequential regimen may be a better treatment option.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relevance ratio of osteoporosis and bone mass of middle aged and elderly people in Beijing communities, in order to understand occurrence and development trend of abnormality of bone mass in high-risk population from community.@*METHODS@#Based on the method of cross-sectional investigation, the information data of 1 540 middle-aged and elderly people from 10 communities were collected, including 415 males and 1 125 females, aged from 45 to 80 years old with the average of (63.02±7.15) years old; the height was (161.34±7.24) cm, the weight was (65.90±10.19) kg, body mass index was (25.29±3.32) kg /m2. Bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar vertebrae (L@*RESULTS@#The level of β-CTX was(0.27±0.12) ng /ml, procollanen type 1 N-terminal propeptide(P1NP) was(51.03± 22.36) ng /ml, 25(OH) D3 was (16.68±6.24) ng /ml, serum calcium was(2.34±0.09) mmol / L, blood phosphorus was (1.43± 0.37) mmol / L, and blood magnesium was (0.94±0.07) mmol / L, alkaline phosphatase was (79.28±20.48) U/ L, parathyroid hormone was (3.09±1.60) pmol / L, osteocalcin was (13.29±6.65) ng /ml. Except for blood magnesium, the other indexes had significant differences between different sex groups(@*CONCLUSION@#There are obvious differences in relevance ratio of osteoporosis and low bone mass among different sites. It is suggested that the clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis should be combined with bone mineral density and bone metabolic markers. With the increasing prevalence of osteoporosis among middle aged and elderly people in Beijing community, continuous follow-up research based on community primary health care units could promote early examination, early diagnosis, and early treatment of middle aged and elderly people at high risk of osteoporosis in community.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Beijing/epidemiology , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoporosis/epidemiology
9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 186-192, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799744

ABSTRACT

Due to its advantages of low wear, high stability and flexibility, the new generation metal-on-metal hip prosthesis is favored by many patients with hip diseases, especially young patients. However, in recent years, several studies have indicated that adverse reactions to metal debris (ARMD) caused the formation of inflammatory pseudotumor, which ultimately led to a higher revision rate after metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty. This aroused the widespread concern from doctors and patients. Moreover, revision surgery for metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty in the setting of inflammatory pseudotumor is faced with a great risk of failure because of the large defects of bone and surrounding soft tissue and difficulty in removing the original prosthesis and the fixing of the modified prosthesis. Therefore, the use of such products is restricted with caution in their choice. We summarized the recent developments in the research in the risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory pseudotumor after metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty. The risk factors for the formation of inflammatory pseudotumor around the hip prosthesis mainly include the increase of metal ion concentration, the position of prosthesis implantation and the patient's own factors. The diagnosis mainly depends on physical examination, imaging examination, laboratory examination, arthroscopy and histological examination. The treatment strategies for clinical symptomatic and asymptomatic patients are also varies. Through the detailed analysis, evaluation and summary of the above contents, we may provide guidance for the selection of hip prosthesis, and lay the foundation for further exploration of the mechanism of inflammatory pseudotumor caused by ARMD.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 58-62, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798622

ABSTRACT

Hip fracture is a common type of fracture in the elderly. Complications such as pulmonary infection, pressure sore, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism often occurred after hip fracture, which may threaten the lives of patients. At present, surgery is the main measure for hip fracture, including joint replacement and internal fixation. The impact of surgical timing on postoperative mortality is the focus of attention of many scholars. However, there is still no consistent conclusion, and clinicians are often confused. The authors review the definition of surgical timing, the impact of surgical timing on mortality and process improvement in surgical timing in order to better guide clinical practice and provide new ideas for clinical research.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847738

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament injury, with an increasing incidence in recent years, will seriously impact the motor function of the knee joint. Rehabilitation exercise after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is directly related to whether the patient can obtain ideal joint function. It is of important clinical significance to introduce the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) into the perioperative management of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical effect of ERAS in the perioperative period of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS: Sixty patients with anterior cruciate ligament injury, who were treated in the Department of Orthopedics, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from July 2016 to July 2018, were randomly divided into ERAS group (n=30) and traditional treatment group (n=30). Postoperative Visual Analogue Scale score, recovery time of knee range of motion, Lysholm knee scoring scale score, hospitalization duration, patients’ satisfaction rating were compared between the two groups. The implementation of the study complied with the Declaration of Helsinki and the relevant ethical requirements of Wuhan University Renmin Hospital, and all the enrolled patients were fully informed of the trial process. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The Visual Analogue Scale scores in the ERAS group were significantly lower than those in the traditional treatment group at 1, 24 hours, 2, 3, and 7 days after surgery (P < 0.05). The time that the range of motion returned to 30°, 60°, 90° and 120° after surgery in the ERAS group was significantly less than that in the traditional treatment group (P < 0.05). The Lysholm knee scoring scale scores in 3 months and 6 months after surgery in the ERAS group were significantly higher than those in the traditional treatment group (P < 0.05). The length of hospitalization in the ERAS group was significantly lower than that in the traditional treatment group (P < 0.05). The patients’ satisfaction rating in the ERAS group was significantly higher than that in the traditional treatment group (P < 0.05). To conclude, the introduction of ERAS concept into the perioperative management of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has obvious merits in reducing anxiety, relieving postoperative pain, reducing postoperative complications, promoting early recovery of patients and accelerating the recovery of knee joint function.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1476-1491, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828795

ABSTRACT

Ubiquitin specific peptidase 28 (USP28) is closely associated to the occurrence and development of various malignancies, and thus has been validated as a promising therapeutic target for cancer therapy. To date, only few USP28 inhibitors with moderate inhibitory activity have been reported, highly potent and selective USP28 inhibitors with new chemotypes remain to be discovered for pathologically investigating the roles of deubiquitinase. In this current study, we reported the synthesis and biological evaluation of new [1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-]pyrimidine derivatives as potent USP28 inhibitors. Especially, compound potently inhibited USP28 (IC = 1.10 ± 0.02 μmol/L,  = 40 nmol/L), showing selectivity over USP7 and LSD1 (IC > 100 μmol/L). Compound was cellularly engaged to USP28 in gastric cancer cells. Compound reversibly bound to USP28 and directly affected its protein levels, thus inhibiting the proliferation, cell cycle at S phase, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) progression in gastric cancer cell lines. Docking studies were performed to rationalize the potency of compound . Collectively, compound could serve as a new tool compound for the development of new USP28 inhibitors for exploring the roles of deubiquitinase in cancers.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827986

ABSTRACT

Intercropping farming system is one of the essence of traditional agriculture in China and one of the most common and basic patterns of modern ecological planting. Intercropping system uses the principle of species diversity to create reasonable interspecific interaction conditions with obvious productivity advantages. In this paper, the interspecies interaction is divided into aboveground and underground parts from the space view, and its influence and mechanism on the yield and secondary metabolites of medicinal plants are elaborated.The interspecific interaction in the aboveground part mainly introduces the distribution and utilization of space resources among plants. The interspecific interaction in the underground part mainly introduces the soil rhizosphere effect and related mediating factors, root exudates, soil microorganisms, root space structure and soil environmental factors. On the basis of understanding the mechanism of interspecific interaction, this paper further discusses the application of intercropping in traditional Chinese medicine ecological agriculture, taking the effective control of diseases and insect pests, the increase of medicinal material yield and the improvement of medicinal material quality as the benefit index, so as to seek better advantages of intercropping and provide ideas for the utilization of intercropping production mode in traditional Chinese medicine ecological agriculture.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Plants, Medicinal , Rhizosphere , Soil
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776710

ABSTRACT

Anthraquinone dyes, which contain anthraquinone chromophore groups, are the second largest class of dyes after azo dyes and are used extensively in textile industries. The majority of these dyes are resistant to degradation because of their complex and stable structures; consequently, a large number of anthraquinone dyes find their way into the environment causing serious pollution. At present, the microbiological approach to treating printing and dyeing wastewater is considered to be an economical and feasible method, and reports regarding the bacterial degradation of anthraquinone dyes are increasing. This paper reviews the classification and structures of anthraquinone dyes, summarizes the types of degradative bacteria, and explores the possible mechanisms and influencing factors of bacterial anthraquinone dye degradation. Present research progress and existing problems are further discussed. Finally, future research directions and key points are presented.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Anthraquinones , Chemistry , Classification , Metabolism , Bacteria , Metabolism , Biodegradation, Environmental , Coloring Agents , Chemistry , Classification , Metabolism , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Temperature
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773398

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Identification of new risk factors is needed to improve prediction of adverse outcomes in patients with three-vessel disease (TVD). The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic values of serum chloride and sodium levels in patients with TVD.@*METHODS@#We used data from a prospective cohort of consecutive patients with angiographically confirmed TVD. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to analyze the relationship of serum chloride and sodium levels with long-term outcomes of TVD patients.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8,318 participants with available serum chloride and sodium data were included in this analysis. At baseline, patients in the low tertiles group of serum chloride level (⪕ 102.0 mmol/L) or serum sodium level (⪕ 139.0 mmol/L) had more severe disease conditions. During a median follow-up of 7.5-year, both low serum chloride level and low serum sodium level were found to be associated with an increased risk for mortality in univariate analysis. However, when both parameters were incorporated into a multivariate model, only low serum sodium level remained to be an independent predictor of all-cause death (hazard ratio: 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.34, P = 0.041). Modest but significant improvement of discrimination was observed after incorporating serum sodium level into the Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum sodium level is more strongly associated with long-term outcomes of TVD patients compared with serum chloride level. Low serum sodium level is an independent risk factor for mortality, but only provides modest prognostic information beyond an established risk model.


Subject(s)
Aged , China , Epidemiology , Chlorides , Blood , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Diagnosis , Mortality , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Sodium , Blood
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773199

ABSTRACT

The study aims to investigate spatial distribution pattern and age structure of wild Angelica sinensis in Gansu province.Ten plots each with an area of 100 m2 were set and the spatial coordinates of all wild A. sinensis individuals were measured within each plot. Based on plant individual mapping data,we explored the spatial distribution pattern and its differences between different life history stages of wild A. sinensis in Gansu province by using nearest neighbor distance statistics. Correlation analysis were carried out to explore the relationship between spatial aggregation degree and topographic factors. We also distinguished individuals to three life history stages( i.e. seedlings,adults and boltings) and then test the differences among/between them using nonparametric test.(1)We found that the dominant spatial distribution pattern of wild A. sinensis population in Gansu was aggregated distribution. There was no significant correlation between spatial aggregation degree of wild A. sinensis and altitude,slope and aspect. There was no significant difference between the average distance from seedlings to their nearest bolting individuals; the average distance from adult individuals to their nearest seedlings was significantly larger than the average distance from adult individuals to their nearest adult individuals; and the average distance from bolting individuals to their nearest adult individuals was significantly smaller than the average distance from bolting individuals to their nearest bolting individuals.(2)The age structure was showed as a declining population,characterized by less seedlings and bolting individuals,while more adult individuals within population. The population characteristics of wild A. sinensis,characterized by aggregated distribution pattern and senescent type of age structure,are disadvantage to its population development. The factors,such as habitat specialization,human activities and intraspecific competition,which shapes the current population characteristics,may increase the threatened status of wild A. sinensis. We suggest to strengthen the protection of wild A. sinensis.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Angelica sinensis , China , Conservation of Natural Resources , Ecosystem , Seedlings , Spatial Analysis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774523

ABSTRACT

Rhizosphere bacteria play a vital role in plant nutrition absorption,growth and disease resistance. In this study,high-throughput sequencing technology was used to analyze the rhizosphere bacterial communities of Salvia miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba. Moreover,the function of dominant rhizosphere bacterial communities was analyzed. We found that Sphingobacteriales,Sphingomonadales and Nitrosomonadaceae were both dominant and specific bacteria in the rhizosphere of S. miltiorrhiza. The main functions of dominant rhizosphere bacteria communities in both species include promoting transformation of soil nutrients,improving plant immunity and ability of stress tolerance. This study was the first to compare rhizobacterial communities structure and function of S. miltiorrhiza and S. miltiorrhiza f. alba,which provided a new theoretical reference for studing the rhizosphere mechanism of healthy S. miltiorrhiza planting in the future.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Classification , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Rhizosphere , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Microbiology , Soil Microbiology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745663

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) on spinal adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-P2X4-NLRP3 signaling pathway in rats with neuropathic pain.Methods Forty healthy clean-grade adult male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 2-3 months,weighing 220-260 g,were divided into 4 groups (n =10 each) using a random number table method:sham operation group (group S),neuropathic pain group (group NP),sham PRF group (group SPRF) and PRF group.Neuropathic pain was induced by chronic constriction injury to the left sciatic nerve of anesthetized rats.Rats received PRF treatment on 7th day after establishing the model in group PRF.The mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured before establishing the model (T0) and at 3,7,10,14,21 and 28 days after establishing the model (T1-6).The rats were then sacrificed and the spinal cord was removed for determination of P2X4 and NLRP3 expression (by Western blot) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1β),IL-2,IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) contents (by enzymelinked immunosorbent assay).Results Compared with group S,the MWT and TWL were significantly decreased at T1-6,the expression of P2X4 and NLRP3 was up-regulated,and the contents of IL-1β,IL-2,IL-6 and TNF-α were increased in NP,SPRF and PRF groups (P<0.05).Compared with group NP and group SPRF,the MWT and MWT were significantly increased at T3-6,the expression of P2X4 and NLRP3 was down-regulated,and the contents of IL-1 β,IL-2,IL-6 and TNF-α were decreased in group PRF (P<0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which PRF alleviates neuropathic pain is related to inhibiting ATP-P2X4-NLRP3 signaling pathway in rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800151

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the relationship between the status of collateral circulation provided by multiphase CT angiography and the benefit and risk of vascular recanalization in patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion.@*Methods@#This retrospective study included 49 patients diagnosed with acute MCA occlusion and treated with rt-PA in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from October 2017 to September 2018. According to the ASPECTS collateral circulation score, the patients were divided into two groups: good collateral group (n=31) and poor collateral group (n=18). The benefits and risks after thrombolysis in the two groups were compared, including 24-h NIHSS score, 30-day mortality, 90-day modified rankin scale (mRS) score, and the incidence of symptomatic cerebral hemorrhage. Statistical analysis was performed using t test, corrected χ2 test, or Fisher's exact test.@*Results@#The 24-h NIHSS score and 90-day mRS score in the good collateral group were significantly lower than those in the poor collateral group (4.6±5.6 vs 12.5±8.4, P=0.00; 1.7±1.7 vs 3.1±1.5, P<0.05). The incidence of NIHSS score improved by ≥50% and the incidence of 90-day mRS 0-2 was significantly higher in the good collateral group after 24 h of thrombolysis (77.4% vs 27.8%, P<0.05; 80.6% vs 27.8%, P=0.00); The incidence of symptomatic cerebral hemorrhage was significantly lower in the good collateral group than in the poor group (9.7% vs 50.0%, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mortality between the two groups after 30 days of thrombolysis (P>0.05), but the 30-day mortality of the poor collateral group was still greater than that of the good collateral group (11.1% vs 0%).@*Conclusion@#For patients with acute MCA infarction and receiving vascular recanalization therapy, patients with good collateral circulation can achieve good clinical outcomes, restore better recent neurological function, and obtain lower incidence of symptomatic cerebral hemorrhage and lower disability and mortality rate.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 744-749, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797984

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the expression of CD45 in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) and its relationship with clinical efficacy and prognosis.@*Methods@#This study retrospectively analyzed expression and distribution of CD45 in 130 cases of newly diagnosed MM, comparing clinical efficacy and prognosis in CD45+/CD45- groups.@*Results@#①The CD45+ group was 33 cases (25.38%) , and CD45- group was 97 cases (74.62%) . ②The objective remission rate (ORR) of CD45+ and CD45-group was 33.33% and 64.95%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P=0.002) . For patients in Bortezomib regimen, the ORR of CD45+ and CD45- group was 35.71% and 66.25%, respectively. The difference was statistically significant (P=0.005) . ③The median progress free survival (PFS) of CD45+ group and CD45- group was 29.8 (95%CI 10.0-59.0) months vs 34.5 (95%CI 6.0-69.0) months (χ2=14.59, P<0.001) and the median overall survival (OS) was 32.5 (95%CI 10.0-68.0) months vs 37.6 (95%CI 6.0-78.0) months (χ2=11.42, P=0.001) , respectively. Among the patients in bortezomib regimen, The median PFS and median OS of CD45 + group and CD45- group were 30.3 (95%CI 10.0-59.0) months vs 36.3 (95%CI 6.0-69.0) months (χ2=14.75, P=0.001) and 34.0 (95%CI 10.0-68.0) months vs 39.5 (95%CI 6.0-78.0) months (χ2=10.62, P=0.001) . ④Cox risk regression model analysis showed that serum creatinine≥176.8 μmol/L (HR=5.078, 95%CI 1.744-14.723, P=0.001) , CD45 positive (HR=14.504, 95%CI 0.168-0.42, P=0.001) , LDH≥220 IU/L (HR=1.308, 95%CI 1.16-2.417, P=0.015) were independent risk prognostic factors.@*Conclusion@#CD45 expression is a risk prognostic factor of MM patients. Bortezomib did not improve the poor prognosis of CD45+ MM patients.

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