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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Functional constipation (FC) is one of the most prevalent functional gastrointestinal disorders. Dissatisfaction with medications prescribed to treat FC may lead patients to seek alternative treatments. Numerous systematic reviews (SRs) examining the use of acupuncture to treat FC have reported inconsistent results, and the quality of these studies has not been fully evaluated.@*OBJECTIVE@#In this overview, we evaluated and summarized clinical evidence on the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for treating FC and evaluated the quality and bias of the SRs we reviewed.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#The search strategy was structured by medical subject headings and search terms such as "acupuncture therapy" and "functional constipation." Electronic searches were conducted in eight databases from their inception to September 2020.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#SRs that investigated the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for managing FC were included.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Two authors independently extracted information and appraised the methodology, reporting accuracy, quality of evidence, and risk of bias using the following critical appraisal tools: (1) A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2); (2) Risk of Bias in Systematic Reviews (ROBIS); (3) Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses for Acupuncture (PRISMA-A); and (4) the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). A κ index was used to score the level of agreement between the 2 reviewers.@*RESULTS@#Thirteen SRs that examined the clinical utility of acupuncture for treating FC were identified. Using the AMSTAR 2 tool, we rated 92.3% (12/13) of the SRs as "critically low" confidence and one study as "low" confidence. Using the ROBIS criteria, 38.5% (5/13) of the SRs were considered to have "low risk" of bias. Based on PRISMA-A, 76.9% (10/13) of the SRs had over 70% compliance with reporting standards. The inter-rater agreement was good for AMSTAR 2, ROBIS, and PRISMA-A. Using the GRADE tool, we classified 22.5% (9/40) of the measured outcomes as "moderate" quality, 57.5% (23/40) as "low" quality, and 20.0% (8/40) as "very low" quality. The inter-rater agreement was moderate when using GRADE. Descriptive analyses indicated that acupuncture was more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving weekly complete spontaneous bowel movements (CSBMs) and for raising the Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSFS) score. Acupuncture appeared to be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving weekly spontaneous bowel movements, the total effective rate, and the Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life score. Although ten SRs mentioned the occurrence of adverse events, serious adverse events were not associated with acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture may be more efficacious than sham acupuncture for improving CSBMs and BSFS scores and may be superior to anti-constipation drugs for improving bowel movement frequency, as well as quality of life. Limitations to current studies and inconsistent evidence suggest a need for more rigorous and methodologically sound SRs to draw definitive conclusions.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#PROSPERO CRD42020189173.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Constipation/therapy , Humans , Quality of Life , Systematic Reviews as Topic
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884547

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the population who can obtain clinical benefit from concurrent chemoradiotherapy through the survival analysis during concurrent chemoradiotherapy in different subgroups.Methods:All data from a phase Ⅲ randomized controlled clinical trial were collected to compare the efficacy between preoperative concurrent chemoradiotherapy and preoperative radiotherapy from 2002 to 2012 in Cancer Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. A total of 222 patients received radiation therapy with a median dose of 69.96 Gy (27.56-76.00 Gy). The cisplatin chemotherapy regimen was adopted and the median dose was 250 mg (100-570 mg). In total, 98 patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). The survival analysis was conducted with Kaplan- Meier method and univariate analysis was performed with log-rank test. The multivariate prognostic analysis was conducted with Cox’s regression model. Results:The median follow-up time was 59 months (7-139 months). Among them, 104 patients were assigned in the chemoradiotherapy group and 118 patients in the radiotherapy alone group. The local and regional recurrence rates did not significantly differ between two groups (both P>0.05), while chemoradiotherapy tended to decrease the distant metastasis rate compared with the radiotherapy alone (14.4% vs. 24.6, P=0.058). Univariate analysis showed that concurrent chemoradiotherapy significantly increased the local recurrence-free survival in the early N stage subgroup ( P=0.009), and there was an increasing trend in patients aged≤55 years and female patients ( P=0.052, 0.066). The distant metastasis-free survival was significantly improved in T 4( P=0.048), N 3( P=0.005), non-IMRT treatment ( P=0.001) and hypopharyngeal carcinoma ( P=0.004) subgroups, there was an increasing trend in male ( P=0.064), high-and moderate-grade squamous cell carcinoma ( P=0.076) and non-surgical treatment subgroups ( P=0.063). Multivariate analyses showed that concurrent chemoradiotherapy significantly prolonged the progression-free survival and overall survival in patients aged≤55 years ( P=0.017 and 0.039), women ( P=0.041 and 0.039), high-and moderate-grade squamous cell carcinoma ( P=0.006 and 0.022), N 3 stage ( P=0.001 and 0.017), non-surgical treatment ( P=0.007 and 0.033) and non-IMRT treatment subgroups ( P=0.030 and 0.024), and it significantly increased the progression-free survival in patients with hypopharyngeal carcinoma ( P=0.022). Conclusion:Concurrent chemoradiotherapy can be actively delivered for young age, female, high-and moderate-grade squamous cell carcinoma, N 3 stage, non-surgical treatment and non-IMRT treatment patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884526

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the psychological pain of patients with head and neck cancer aged ≥60 years old before and after intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT).Methods:Distress Thermometer (DT)(Chinese version) was used to investigate the degree and problems of psychological pain before and after IMRT for 85 elderly patients with head and neck cancer. The results before and after IMRT were compared by paired t-test. Relevant factors were identified by Logistic regression analysis. Results:The median age in the cohort was 66 years old (60-85 years old). The incidence rates of psychological pain were 73% and 87% before and after IMRT ( P<0.001). The corresponding incidence rates of severe distress were 6% and 34%( P<0.001). The main distress problems before IMRT were memory loss/attention deficit, worry, oral pain, economic problems, stress, sleep problems, and dry nose. The significantly-increased distress problems after IMRT were oral pain, constipation, eating, nausea, and dry nose. Logistic regression analysis showed gender ( OR=5.520, 95% CI 1.437-21.212, P=0.013), pre-treatment PG-SGA score ( OR=1.220, 95% CI 1.048-1.421, P=0.010) and medical insurance ( OR=0.230, 95% CI 0.053-0.995, P=0.049) were the relevant factors of the severe psychological distress before IMRT. Occupation ( OR=2.286, 95% CI 1.291-4.050, P=0.005) and medical insurance ( OR=0.089, 95% CI 0.029-0.276, P<0.001) were the relevant factors of severe psychological distress after IMRT. Conclusion:The incidence rate of distress is high in elderly patients with head and neck cancer before IMRT, which can be aggravated after IMRT, primarily the treatment-related physical pain problems.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 269-275, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of T 1 mapping/indexed extracellular volume fraction (iECV) quantified with cardiac MR (CMR) parameters, and its correlation with traditional indicators of myocardial dysfunction in aortic insufficiency (AI) patients. Methods:A total of 36 patients clinically and radiologically diagnosed with chronic AI in our hospital between May 2012 and February 2016 were retrospectively selected. All AI patients underwent conventional CMR protocol, native and post T 1 mapping. CMR parameters, such as aortic regurgitant fraction (RF), late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) mass fraction, myocardial extracellular volume fraction (ECV) and iECV. Based on the values of aortic RF, AI patients were divided into mild AI group (9 cases), moderate AI group (14 cases) and severe AI group (13 cases). The clinical characteristics were teased from the patients′ electronic medical records. Univariate analysis of variance was used to compare the measurement data of native T 1 mapping, post-contrast T 1 mapping, ECV, and iECV. LSD test was used for pair wise comparison between the mild AI, moderate AI and severe AI groups. Data about cardiovascular history, New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart function classification, and LGE were compared by chi-square test or Fisher exact test. The correlation between left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and iECV was evaluated by Spearman correlation analysis. Results:There was no difference in age, sex, cardiovascular history among the three groups. Comparison of patients with different severity of AI in the three groups: (1) There was statistically significant difference in the LGE positive rate among the three groups ( P=0.023), while the myocardial replacement of fibrosis increased with the grade of aortic regurgitation. (2) There was no statistically significant difference in the measurement data of native T 1 mapping, post-contrast T 1 mapping, ECV among the three groups ( H=1.815, 0.929, 2.496, all P values>0.05), while the diffuse myocardial fibrosis tended to increase with the degree of aortic regurgitation. There was statistically significant difference in iECV among the three groups ( H=16.725, P<0.001). The measurement data of iECV in the severe AI group was significantly higher than those in the other two groups ( P<0.05). LVEF value was inversely correlated with iECV ( r=-0.649, P<0.001). Conclusions:Quantitative T 1 mapping/iECV can serve as a parameter to noninvasively identify diffuse myocardial fibrosis in AI patients of different severities. It changes with LVEF and can manifest the reversible stage of left ventricular decompensation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884330

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of accuracy between magnetic induction Freehand-3D ultrasound and two-dimensional ultrasound in measuring the volume of thyroid model.Methods:Forty thyroid models were established using porcine liver, and the Archimedes procedure was set as gold standard in the measurement of the volume of each model. The accuracy of measurement of the porcine thyroid model volume between two-dimensional ultrasound and magnetic induction Freehand-3D ultrasound were compared.Results:There were no significant differences in the accuracy of measurements of thyroid model volume among two-dimensional ultrasound, magnetic induction Freehand-3D ultrasound and Archimedes procedure (all P>0.05). Compared with the Archimedes procedure, magnetic induction Freehand-3D ultrasonic method showed higher correlation coefficient of the measurement of thyroid model volume ( r=0.998). Bland-Altman analysis showed the lower measure error with a relative error of 3.42% and range of -9.57% to 12.07%. And the limits of agreement were (-1.253, 0.999) in the magnetic induction Freehand-3D ultrasonic measurement. Conclusions:Compared with two-dimensional ultrasound, the magnetic induction Freehand-3D ultrasound show higher accuracy in the measurement of the volume of the thyroid model.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883937

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate frailty status of the elderly patients with leukoaraiosis (LA) and to analyze the correlation between white matter hyperintensities and their frailty status.Methods:From June 2019 to September 2020, a total of 162 patients with leukoaraiosis over 65 years old were screened by cranial MRI.The Fried frailty phenotype was used to evaluate their frailty status.The Fazekas scale scoring method was used to independently assess the periventricular white matter hyperintense (PVH) and deep white matter hyperintense (DWMH) by the cranial MRI images.SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.ANOVA test was used to compare normal distribution data between groups, and Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare non-normal distribution data between groups.Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between PVH and DWMH scores and Fried frailty phenotype score. Results:Among 162 elderly patients with leukoaraiosis, 46 patients (28.40%) were non-frailty, 76 patients (46.91%)were pre-frailty and 40 patients (24.69%) were frailty.There were statistically significant differences in age( F=9.382, P<0.01), number of chronic diseases( H=10.736, P<0.01), number of medication ( H=15.927, P<0.01) and mini-nutritional assessment short form (MNA-SF) scores( F=5.263, P<0.01) among older LA patients with different frailty phenotype.There was statistical difference in PVH scores in elderly LA patients with different frailty phenotype (χ 2=108.537, P<0.01), but no significant difference in DWMH scores (χ 2=4.239, P>0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed significant positive correlation between PVH score and frailty phenotype score in elderly LA patients ( r=0.718, P<0.001). Conclusion:Elderly LA patients have a high incidence of frailty, which may be related to aging, multi-disease coexistence, multiple medication, nutritional risk and other factors.The occurrence of weakness in elderly LA patients is related to periventricular white matter lesions, and the more serious the white matter damage, the more obvious the degree of frailty.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883464

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between human papilloma virus (HPV)-DNA and cytomegalovirus (CMV)-DNA virus content and the risk factors of endometrial cancer (EC) and their prediction models.Methods:Fifty-eight patients with EC from January 2017 to June 2020 in Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University were selected as the observation group, and 58 patients with endometrial hyperplasia (EH) during the same period were selected as the control group according to the 1∶1 matching case control principle. The clinical data, HPV-DNA, CMV-DNA positive rate and virus content of the two groups were compared, and the independent variables with P<0.05 were included in the Logistic regression model through single factor analysis. The risk factors of EC were analyzed, and the correlation between HPV-DNA, CMV-DNA and EC risk factors were evaluated. Logistic regression model was evaluated using the likelihood ratio chi-square and goodness-of-fit test, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of the model to EC. Results:The proportion of patients with age ≥ 55 years old, body mass index (BMI)≥ 24 kg/m 2, a history of hypertension and diabetes, malignant tumor family history and hormone replacement therapy history in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: 72.41%(42/58) vs. 39.66%(23/58),70.69% (41/58) vs. 43.10%(25/58), 36.21%(21/58) vs. 10.34%(6/58), 31.03%(18/58) vs. 8.62%(5/58),29.31%(17/58) vs. 5.17%(3/58), 27.93%(17/58) vs. 8.62%(5/58), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The positive rates of HPV and CMV, the contents of HPV-DNA and CMV-DNA in the observation group were higher than those in the control group: 62.07%(36/58) vs. 29.31%(17/58),81.03%(47/58) vs. 41.38%(24/58), (471.16 ± 33.58) copies/ml vs. (240.08 ± 17.41) copies/ml, (256.19 ± 24.77) copies/ml vs. (132.27 ± 13.20) copies/ml, the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). Age ≥ 55 years, BMI ≥ 24 kg/m 2, history of hypertension and diabetes, family history of malignant tumors, history of hormone replacement therapy, HPV positive, CMV positive were risk factors for EC ( P<0.05). HPV-DNA virus content was positively correlated with the age of EC patients, family history of malignant tumors, and history of diabetes ( P<0.05), the viral content of CMV-DNA was positively correlated with age, family history of malignant tumors, and history of hypertension ( P<0.05). According to the ROC curve drawn by the predicted value and the true value of the Logistic regression model, the area under the curve was 0.930 (95% CI 0.885 - 0.976), when the predictive probability of individual nosocomial infection>0.528, the prediction sensitivity was 84.48%, and the specificity was 89.66%. Conclusions:The occurrence of EC is related to many factors, and the content of HPV-DNA and CMV-DNA viruses are the risk factors of its occurrence. The overall predictive value of a Logistic regression model constructed based on EC pathological characteristics and the virus content of HPV-DNA and CMV-DNA is high, and it has clinical application prospects.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883413

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and invasive mechanical ventilation time in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD).Methods:Medical records of 72 patients with AECOPD admitted to Zhejiang Xin′an International Hospital from June 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to BMI, they were divided into the low body mass group (BMI<18.5 kg/m 2), the normal body mass group (18.5 kg/ m 2 ≤ BMI < 24.0 kg/m 2), and the obesity and overweight group (BMI ≥ 24.0 kg/m 2). According to the time of invasive mechanical ventilation of patients, they were divided into invasive mechanical ventilation time>7 d group and ≤ 7 d group. The changes of baseline data in each group were compared, and the risk factors of invasive mechanical ventilation time of patients with AECOPD were analyzed. Results:The incidence of hypertension and diabetes in the obesity and overweight group were higher than those in the low body mass group: 11/15 vs. 31.8(7/22), 8/15 vs. 13.6%(3/22), P<0.05. Before intubation, the level of ALB in the obesity and overweight group was higher than that in the normal body mass group and the low body mass group: (34.77 ± 5.11) g/L vs.(33.02 ± 4.86), (29.13 ± 3.64) g/L, the level of ALB in the normal body mass group was higher than those in the low body mass group , and there were significant differences ( P<0.05). The time of invasive mechanical ventilation in the obesity and overweight group was shorter than that in the normal body mass group and the low body mass group:(9.51 ± 1.38) d vs. (11.03 ± 1.91), (14.11 ± 2.36) d, the time of invasive mechanical ventilation in the normal body mass group was shorter than that in the in the low body mass group, and there were significant differences ( P<0.05). But there were no statistically significant differences in gender, age, smoking, complicated gastrointestinal bleeding, abdominal distension, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ(APACHEⅡ) score, exudation, ventilator modes, pH values, arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) before intubation and arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) before intubation of patients in the three groups ( P>0.05). Complicated diabetes mellitus, gastrointestinal bleeding, abdominal distension, BMI<18.5 kg/m 2, the rate of exudation and APACHEⅡscore in the invasive mechanical ventilation time ≤ 7 d group were lower than those in the invasive mechanical ventilation time>7 d group. Before intubation, ALB levels in the invasive mechanical ventilation time ≤ 7 d group were higher than those in the invasive mechanical ventilation time >7 d group ( P<0.05). The Logistic regression analysis results showed that complicated gastrointestinal bleeding, abdominal distension, BMI<18.5 kg/m 2, APACHEⅡscore > 10 points, before intubation, ALB< 30 g/L were independent risk factors of invasive mechanical ventilation time of patients with AECOPD ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In addition to the mechanical ventilation related complications and high APACHEⅡscore, malnutrition is an important risk factor affecting invasive mechanical ventilation time of patients with AECOPD before intubation.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 818-824, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875814

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To improve the quality standard of Taraxaci Herba ,and to evaluate the quality of T. officinale from different origins. METHODS :Based on the provisions of the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (part Ⅰ)under the item “Taraxaci Herba ”,the method of content determination was added for the detection of water-soluble extracts (hot extraction method)and alcohol-soluble extracts (hot extraction method ),total flavonoids ,chlorogenic acid ,caffeic acid ,cichoric acid and isochlorogenic acid A. HPLC fingerprint was established by using 42 batches of T. officinale from 8 producing areas as object ,and principal component analysis was performed on the basis of above results. RESULTS :The contents of alcohol-soluble extracts in 42 batches of T. officinale were 15.30%-30.40%,and those of water-soluble extracts were 27.59%-38.96%. The concentration of total flavonoids(UV spectrophotometry ),chlorogenic acid ,caffeic acid ,cichoric acid and isochlorogenic acid A (HPLC method )were 0.016-0.096,0.003-0.196,0.004-0.117,0.025-1.578,0.002-0.152 mg/mL,respectively (all R2>0.999);RSDs of precision , stability and repeatability tests were all lower than 2.00%(n=6);average sample recovery were 98.97%-103.53%,and RSDs were 1.19%-1.58%. The contents of total flavonoids ,chlorogenic acid ,caffeic acid ,cichoric acid and isochlorogenic acid A were 0.734% -3.700% ,0.004% -0.123% ,0.006% - 0.087% ,0.073% -1.499% ,0.005% -0.109% respectively in 42 batches of T. officinale. For 42 batches of T. officinale samples in HPLC fingerprint ,RSDs of the relative retention time of the common peak were 0-0.94%,and RSDs of the relative peak area were 0-125.57%. Among them ,the similarity of 39 batches of samples was all higher than 0.900. Results of principal component analysis showed that the quality of T. officinale from Shaanxi province was better,followed by medicinal materials from Hebei province. CONCLUSIONS :Tentatively,the contents of alcohol-soluble extract,water-soluble extract ,total flavonoids ,chlorogenic acid ,caffeic acid ,cichoric acid and isochlorogenic acid A shall not be less than 17.0%,27.0%,1.383%,0.024%,0.021%,0.450%,0.021% for Taraxaci Herba. In addition to the low content of caffeic acid in T. officinale from Shaanxi province ,the other indexes were better ;the content of caffeic acid in T. officinale from Hebei province was higher than that from Shaanxi province ,and other indicators were slightly lower than that from Shaanxi province. The quality of comprehensive evaluation of T. officinale from other origins was relatively poor ,and the quality of different batches of medicinal materials from the same origin was unstable.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890520

ABSTRACT

Background@#The occurrence of Graves’ disease and Hashimoto thyroiditis after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) raised concerns that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may trigger thyroid autoimmunity. We aimed to address the current uncertainties regarding incident thyroid dysfunction and autoimmunity among COVID-19 survivors. @*Methods@#We included consecutive adult COVID-19 patients without known thyroid disorders, who were admitted to Queen Mary Hospital from July 21 to September 21, 2020 and had serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine (fT3), and anti-thyroid antibodies measured both on admission and at 3 months. @*Results@#In total, 122 patients were included. Among 20 patients with abnormal thyroid function tests (TFTs) on admission (mostly low fT3), 15 recovered. Among 102 patients with initial normal TFTs, two had new-onset abnormalities that could represent different phases of thyroiditis. Among 104 patients whose anti-thyroid antibody titers were reassessed, we observed increases in anti-thyroid peroxidase (TPO) (P12 U, and four became anti-TPO-positive. Worse baseline clinical severity (P=0.018), elevated C-reactive protein during hospitalization (P=0.033), and higher baseline anti-TPO titer (P=0.005) were associated with a significant increase in anti-TPO titer. @*Conclusion@#Most patients with thyroid dysfunction on admission recovered during convalescence. Abnormal TFTs suggestive of thyroiditis occurred during convalescence, but infrequently. Importantly, our novel observation of an increase in anti-thyroid antibody titers post-COVID-19 warrants further follow-up for incident thyroid dysfunction among COVID-19 survivors.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890394

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSkeletal muscle is the largest tissue in the human body, and it plays a major role in exerting force and maintaining metabolism homeostasis. The role of muscle transcription factors in the regulation of metabolism is not fully understood. MondoA is a glucose-sensing transcription factor that is highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Previous studies suggest that MondoA can influence systemic metabolism homeostasis. However, the function of MondoA in the skeletal muscle remains unclear.MethodsWe generated muscle-specific MondoA knockout (MAKO) mice and analyzed the skeletal muscle morphology and glycogen content. Along with skeletal muscle from MAKO mice, C2C12 myocytes transfected with small interfering RNA against MondoA were also used to investigate the role and potential mechanism of MondoA in the development and glycogen metabolism of skeletal muscle.ResultsMAKO caused muscle fiber atrophy, reduced the proportion of type II fibers compared to type I fibers, and increased the muscle glycogen level. MondoA knockdown inhibited myoblast proliferation, migration, and differentiation by inhibiting the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)/phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway. Further mechanistic experiments revealed that the increased muscle glycogen in MAKO mice was caused by thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP) downregulation, which led to upregulation of glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4), potentially increasing glucose uptake.ConclusionMondoA appears to mediate mouse myofiber development, and MondoA decreases the muscle glycogen level. The findings indicate the potential function of MondoA in skeletal muscle, linking the glucose-related transcription factor to myogenesis and skeletal myofiber glycogen metabolism.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risks and benefits of endoscopic ligation and tissue adhesive injection for tortuous gastric varices.Methods:A total of 193 patients with esophagogastric varices, who underwent endoscopic variceal ligation or endoscopic tissue adhesive injection in Department of Gastroenterology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from June 2015 to June 2020, were included in the retrospective analysis. These cases were connected vessels (type Le and gf based on LDRf standard) of tortuous gastric varices (F1 in Hashizume standard). According to the treatment, the patients were divided into three groups: gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group (endoscopic ligation of gastric fundus and esophageal varices, 32 cases), tissue adhesive group (endoscopic tissue adhesive injection of gastric varices, endoscopic ligation of esophageal varices, 71 cases) and esophageal ligation group (endoscopic ligation of esophageal varices, 90 cases). The re-bleeding rate, the effectiveness rate, the significant effectiveness rate and complications of the three groups were compared.Results:The rates of re-bleeding in gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group, tissue adhesive group and esophageal ligation group were 18.75% (6/32), 12.68% (9/71) and 3.33% (3/90), respectively.There was significant difference only between gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group and esophageal ligation group ( χ2=6.110, P<0.016). The effectiveness rates of the three groups were all 100.00%. The significant effectiveness rates in gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group, tissue adhesive group and esophageal ligation group were 37.50% (12/32), 25.35% (18/71) and 14.44% (13/90), respectively. There was significant difference only between gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group and esophageal ligation group ( χ2=7.702, P<0.016). No pulmonary infection, hepatic encephalopathy, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis or perforation occurred in the three groups.The incidences of chest pain or abdominal pain in gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group, tissue adhesive group and esophageal ligation group were 18.75% (6/32), 11.27% (8/71) and 2.22% (2/90), respectively.There was significant difference only between gastric fundus and esophageal ligation group and esophageal ligation group ( χ2=10.524, P<0.016). There was no significant difference in the incidence of fever, nausea or vomiting among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Simultaneous endoscopic ligation of gastric fundus and esophageal varices, and endoscopic tissue adhesive injection of gastric varices combined with endoscopic ligation of esophageal varices is of no benefit for patients with tortuous gastric varices, but endoscopic ligation of esophageal varices alone may yield more benefit.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 1155-1161, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911850

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics and influencing factors of pain symptoms in patients with idiopathic Parkinson′s disease.Methods:The King′s Parkinson′s Disease Pain Scale (KPPS) was used to evaluate pain of 106 patients with Parkinson′s disease. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Fatigue Scale-14 (FS-14), the Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale Ⅲ, Hoehn-Yahr scale (H-Y), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) were used to assess the sleep status of patients, the degree of fatigue, motor function, severity of symptoms, cognitive function, anxiety and depression. Fifty-eight patients were followed up for three to six months.Results:The incidence of pain in Parkinson′s disease patients was 50.0% (53/106), of which skeletal muscle pain was the most common. Parkinson′s disease patients with a longer course of disease were more likely to have pain [course of disease in Parkinson′s disease with pain was 3.0 (1.5, 5.0) years, in Parkinson′s disease without pain was 2.0 (1.5, 2.5) years, Z=-2.0, P=0.046]. Male patients had more severe pain than female patients [KPPS scores in males were 14.5 (8.0, 21.5), in females were 10.0(4.0, 15.3), Z=-2.81, P=0.005]. In the first evaluation, the H-Y grading and the FS-14 scores of Parkinson′s disease patients with pain were significantly higher than those without pain [H-Y grading in Parkinson′s disease patients with pain was 2.0 (1.5, 2.5), in Parkinson′s disease patients without pain was 2.0 (1.5, 2.0), Z=-2.02, P=0.043; FS-14 scores in patients with pain were 10.0 (8.0, 11.0), in patients without pain was 8.0 (5.0, 10.0), Z=-3.32, P=0.001]. The KPPS scores were positively correlated with the scores of HAMA and HAMD ( r=0.39, P=0.005; r=0.38, P=0.007). Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that Parkinson′s disease patients with higher scores of FS-14 had an increased risk of developing pain ( OR=1.27, 95% CI: 1.09-1.48, P=0.002). The changes of KPPS scores were associated with the changes of PSQI and FS-14 scores ( r=0.54, P=0.002; r=0.50, P=0.003). The decrease of KPPS scores was only positively correlated with the decrease of FS-14 scores when the drug and medication status remained unchanged ( r=0.421, P=0.045). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the decrease of FS-14 scores was associated with the decrease of the KPPS scores ( OR=2.02, P=0.033). Conclusions:Parkinson′s disease patients have a high incidence of pain, and fatigue is a factor for predicting the occurrence and outcome of pain in Parkinson′s disease. The severity and change of pain in Parkinson′s disease patients are related to anxiety, depression, sleep and fatigue, suggesting that there may be a common pathogenesis of pain, emotion, sleep and fatigue in Parkinson′s disease patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911696

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of reduced left lateral segment graft during pediatric living donor liver transplantation.Methods:From January 2014 to December 2019, 67 children aged under 1 year underwent living donor liver transplantation with reduced left lateral segment graft (RLLS group). Clinical data were analyzed retrospectively and compared with those of left lateral segmentgraft living donor liver transplantation (LLS group). The differences in basic profiles, postoperative complications and postoperative patient/graft survival rate were compared.They were divided into two groups according to whether graft/recipient weight ratio (GRWR) was more than 4%.And major postoperative complications and graft/recipient survival rates were compared.Results:Age, height and weight of recipients were significantly lower in RLLS group than those in control group ( P<0.05). However, donor weight, donor body mass index (BMI), estimated graft volume and proportion of fatty liver from donor were significantly higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). Operative duration, intraoperative blood loss and erythrocyte transfusion were significantly higher than those in control group ( P<0.05). No significant inter-group differences existed in average postoperative hospital stay, intensive care unit (ICU) stay duration or postoperative ventilator use time ( P>0.05); no significant inter-group difference existed in the incidence of such major surgical complications as hepatic artery thrombosis, portal vein stenosis and bile duct complications ( P>0.05). The 1/3-year cumulative survival rates of postoperative patients and grafts were 92.5%, 91.2% and 92.5%, 91.2% in RLLS group and 96.3%, 95.3% and 95.9%, 95.1% in LLS group respectively.There was no significant inter-group difference ( P<0.05). The rate of postoperative hepatic vein stenosis was significantly higher in GRWR>4% group than that in control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Due to a rapid progress of technology, living donor liver transplantation has achieved satisfactory outcomes in children with reduced left lateral segment graft.Whether or not performing reduction surgery should be judged comprehensively according to the matching of donors and recipients and blood flow of liver during operations.And GRWR>4% is not an implementation criterion.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the incidence of lymphatic leakage after pediatric liver transplantation and explore the diagnosis and treatment of lymphatic leakage.Methods:From January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019, clinical data were analyzed retrospectively for 805 pediatric liver transplant recipients. Based upon the diagnosis of lymphatic leakage, they were divided into two groups of lymphatic leakage ( n=271) and lymphatic non-leakage ( n=534). Analyzing the incidence of lymphatic leakage after liver transplantation in children, evaluating the treatment plan, comparing survival rate and the incidence of postoperative complications between two groups. Results:The incidence of lymphatic leakage was 33.7%(271/805); the proportion of partial liver donors was 14.8% in lymphatic leakage group and 25.8% in lymphatic non-leakage group ( P<0.001). Other basic profiles of two groups were not statistically different. The median follow-up period was 32 months in lymphatic leakage group and 30.6 months in lymphatic non-leakage group. No significant inter-group difference existed in cumulative survival rate, vascular complications, bile leakage, acute cell rejection or intestinal obstruction. The area-under-curve (AUC) of ascites to serum triglyceride (TG) ratio for predicting lymphatic leakage was 0.741, optimal cut-off value 0.54, sensitivity 59.2% and specificity 80.1%. Conclusions:Lymphatic leakage is a common complication after liver transplantation in children. With no significant correlation with the morbidity or mortality, it prolongs postoperative hospital stay. The ratio of ascites to serum TG may be utilized as an effective reference index for diagnosing lymphatic leakage. And lymphatic leakage can be improved by taking a low-fat diet.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911682

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical characteristics of de novo non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD)in pediatric recipients in early stage post liver transplantation(LT)to enhance our understanding of this rare complication.Methods:The clinical data of 8 recipients who underwent liver transplantation in the children's organ transplantation Department of Tianjin first central hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 and developed NAFLD within 3 months after operation were retrospectively analyzed. Taking liver biopsy as the standard for the diagnosis of NAFLD, the clinical and histological characteristics of early NAFLD after transplantation were summarized and analyzed.The median time from LT to NAFLD was 1.55(0.63, 2.93)months and the median follow-up period 23.60(8.74, 32.58)months.Results:NAFLD was all pathologically confirmed by liver biopsy. Seven cases had abnormal liver function and 1 case of steatosis was detected by ultrasound pre-biopsy. There were acute cellular rejection(2 cases)and drug-induced graft injury(1 case). The median period of recovery for graft function was 32.0(12.0, 34.0)days. Macrovesicular graft steatosis predominated.Conclusions:Occurring earlier in children after LT, NAFLD is frequently accompanied by abnormal graft function. Liver biopsy is required for making a definite diagnosis. Abnormal graft function persists a long time. However, prognosis is generally decent.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911630

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Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of basiliximab plus single steroid induced immunotherapy during donor-recipient ABO-compatible pediatric liver transplantation(LT).Methods:From January 1, 2019 to January 19, 2020, a total of 150 children of donor-recipient ABO-compatible LT were randomly divided into basiliximab group(basiliximab plus single steroid induction and postoperative immunosuppression with tacrolimus alone)and steroid group(conventional dose of steroid induction plus postoperative immunosuppression with tacrolimus and steroid). Clinical characteristics, survival rate of recipients and liver allografts, rejection rate and infection rate were observed.Results:The median follow-up time was 9.2(0.7~15.5)months.No significant inter-group differences existed in survival rate of recipients/grafts or the incidence of acute rejection, early postoperative pulmonary infection, cytomegalovirus and Epstein Barr virus infection. However, in 56 living donor LT, acute rejection(6cases, 10.7%)occurred in basiliximab group versus(12cases, 25.5%)in steroid group. During living donor LT, the incidence of acute rejection declined markedly in bsiliximab group as compared with steroid group( P=0.043). Conclusions:Both safe and effective for donor-recipient ABO-compatible pediatric LT, basiliximab plus single steroid induced immunotherapy can significantly lower the occurrences of acute rejection during living donor LT.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911598

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate clinical characteristics and treatment of postoperative anastomotic stricture in pediatric congenital biliary dilatation patients.Methods:The clinical data of 24 children with postoperative anastomotic stricture from Apr 2012 to Oct 2019 in Beijing Children's Hospital was retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were 6 males and 18 females. Patients were divided into bile- leak group (BL, n=6) and non bile-leak group (NBL, n=18) based on whether there was anastomotic leakage after primary surgery. The main symptoms in BL group was persistent obstructive jaundice, and recurrent cholangitis in NBL group. Postoperative symptoms were first shown in an average of 7.0 months in BL group, compared to 59.0 months in NBL group, P<0.05. In BL group, 4 underwent redoing hepaticojejunostomy, 2 underwent anastomosis plasty. In NBL group, 3 underwent redoing hepaticojejunostomy, 15 did anastomosis plasty with multiple biliary stones found necessitating extraction. After reoperation, one patient had bile leakage, 2 patients had recurrent cholangitis within one-month, 21 patients had uneventful recovery. Five were found to have biliary stones in long-term follow-up. Conclusions:Biliary-enteric anastomotic leakage can cause stricture in postoperative patients of congenital biliary dilatation ,reoperation is necessary in symptomatic patients.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1744-1752, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of joint line alteration on the mid-term clinical effects of primary medial pivot total knee arthroplasty (MP-TKA).Methods:Data of a total 189 patients (233 knees) with 30 males (30 knees) and 159 females (203 knees) with age 66.42±6.12, diagnosed as knee osteoarthritis and underwent primary MP-TKA from January to December 2015, were retrospectively analyzed. All cases were followed up for at least 4 years. The patients were divided into four groups according to the extent of alteration, namely <-4 mm, -4- mm, 0- mm and >4 mm. Range of motion (ROM), Knee Society's Knee Scoring System (KSS), the Western Ontario and McMaster University (WOMAC) osteoarthritis index score were compared preoperatively and at 4 years postoperatively.Results:The postoperative follow-up duration was 52.20± 2.94 months (48-59 months). A total of 133 knee (57%) had joint line raised and 100 cases (43%) joint line distal shifted. The overall height of joint line before surgery was 16.56±3.54 mm (7.33-25.32 mm) and 17.34±2.92 mm (7.25-25.43 mm) postoperatively. The average alteration was 0.78±3.17 mm (-6.00-9.91 mm) with statistically significant difference ( t=-2.596, P=0.010). There was no statistical difference among the four groups in terms of gender, body mass index, pre-operative tibia slope and post condylar offset. The overall preoperative ROM of the all groups was 90.45°±20.44°, which increased from baseline to 108.95°±12.55° at 4 years postoperatively ( t=-22.381, P<0.001). There was statistical difference in term of ROM among each group ( F=7.101, P<0.001). The ROM in group 0- mm and >4 mm was significantly higher than that in group <-4 mm and -4- mm ( P<0.05). The KSS function score and clinic score at 4 years postoperatively were significantly higher that those before surgery, the WOMAC score was statistically lower at 4 years postoperatively ( F=0.723, P<0.001; F=1.138, P<0.001; F=2.502, P<0.001). There was no significant difference among the four groups in terms of KSS score and WOMAC ( P>0.05). One case in >4 mm group had gasket prolapse at 6 month after surgery and 3 cases with immediate anterior knee pain occurred in <-4 mm group. Conclusion:MP-TKA can lead to significant joint line alteration. The overall ROM after surgery is positively correlated with the quantity of joint line alteration. However, there was no correlation between quantity of joint line alteration and the joint function scores. Thus, MP-TKA can achieve good mid-term clinical effects.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1561-1568, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term effect of structured patient education and exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis (KOA).Methods:Prospective cohort study, 162 patients with KOA were consecutively recruited from May 2016 to December 2019 to receive structured patient education and exercise therapy and were followed up 3 years after the recruitment. All the patients received two 1-hour educational courses and exercise therapy twice per week for six weeks under the supervision of physicians or physical therapists. Knee injury and osteoarthritis score (KOOS), visual analog score of pain (VAS), intermittent and constant OA pain (ICOAP), self-efficacy for arthritis were queried at 3-month and 36-month follow-up visit. We fitted linear mixed-effects models to examine the difference in scores between baseline and 3-month and 36-month visits.Results:109(67.3%) patients finished both 3-month and 36-month follow-up visits. The KOOS pain score increased from 70.8±1.7 at baseline to 79.7±1.8 at 36 months ( P<0.05). The KOOS symptom score increased from 66.8±2.0 at baseline to 74.9±2.1 at 36 months ( P<0.05). The KOOS daily function score increased from 81.7±1.4 at baseline to 87.0±1.5 at 36 months ( P<0.05). KOOS motor function score increased from 47.4±2.8 at baseline to 55.0±2.9 at 36 months ( P<0.05). The quality of life score of KOOS increased from 46.6±2.1 at baseline to 63.5±2.2 at 36 months ( P<0.05). Compared with the baseline data, there were statistically significant improvements in all subscales of KOOS in 36 months after exercise therapy intervention ( F=14.548, 8.102, 11.394, 5.687 and25.942, P<0.05). VAS pain score of left knee, VAS pain score of right knee, ICOAP score, self-efficacy pain score and other symptoms were also significantly improved ( F=17.643, 26.791, 8.290, 4.052 and 3.654, P<0.05). Conclusion:Structured patient education and exercise therapy are effective in improving knee pain and function as well as self-efficacy until as long as 36 months.

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