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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy between vesselplasty and percutanous kyphoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of Kümmell disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with Kümmell disease from July 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different therapeutic methods, the patients were divided into vesselplasty group and PKP group. There were 20 patients in vesselplasty group, including 2 males and 18 females, aged from 54 to 83 years with an average of (67.40±7.44)years, 1 case of T10 fracture, 3 cases of T12 fracture, 9 cases of L1 fractures, 5 cases of L2 fractures and 2 cases of L3 fractures. There were 20 patients in PKP group, including 3 males and 17 females, aged from 56 to 81 with an average of(67.20±7.01) years, 2 cases of T10 fracture, 1 case of T11 fracture, 6 cases of T12 fracture, 10 cases of L1 fracture and 1 case of L3 fracture. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Cobb angle, anterior vertebral height were recorded before operation, 1 day after operation and 1 year after operation. Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) was recorded before operation, 1 month after operation and 1 year after operation. And bone cement leakage rate was compared between two groups after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patient were followed up for more than 1 year. In vesselplasty group, VAS score was 1.20±0.41, ODI was(13.50±3.10)%, Cobb angle was(17.20±3.12)° and anterior vertebral height was(20.20±1.35) mm at 1 year after operation. In PKP group, VAS score was 1.15±0.40, ODI was (13.20±3.00)%, Cobb angle was (17.10±3.19)° and anterior vertebral height was (20.10±1.37) mm at 1 year after operation. These index was significantly better than pre-operation through intra-group comparison(P<0.05), and there was no statistically difference between the two groups(P>0.05). There were 20 cases (20 vertebrae) in vesselplasty group, of which 1 case had bone cement leakage at the upper endplate, with a leakage rate of 5%(1/20). In PKP group, there were 20 cases (20 vertebrae), 3 cases of upward endplate leakage(3/7), 1 case of downward endplate leakage(1/7), 1 case of leakage to the front of the vertebral body(1/7), 2 cases of leakage to the side of the vertebral body(2/7), with a leakage rate of 35% (7/20). The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Vesselplasty in the treatment of Kümmell disease can better reduce leakage rate of bone cement and reduce complications.


Subject(s)
Bone Cements , Female , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Humans , Kyphoplasty/methods , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Spondylosis , Treatment Outcome , Vertebroplasty
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and accuracy of Renaissance robot navigation system in minimally invasive surgery for thoracolumbar fracture.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with thoracolumbar fracture who underwent posterior minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation from July 2016 to July 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. And the patients were divided into robot group and artificial group. Robot navigation assisted screw placement was used in robot group, and traditional unarmed screw placement was used in artificial group. There were 20 patients in robot group, including 13 males and 7 females, aged from 23 to 69 years old with an average of(45.05±11.81)years old, one case was T11 fracture, 2 cases were T12, 10 cases were L1, 6 cases were L2 and 1 case was L3. There were 20 patients in artificial group, including 11 males and 9 females, aged from 26 to 65 years old with an average of(43.40±11.22)years old, 2 cases were T11 fractures, 7 cases were T12, 10 cases were L1, and 1 case was L3. The numbers of fluoroscopy, operation time and intraoperative blood loss were observed. The screw position was evaluated by Neo method.@*RESULTS@#A total of 126 screws were implanted in robot group and 124 screws were implanted in artificial group. The operation time, fluoroscopy times, intraoperative blood loss were(115.75±14.26) min, (7.95±0.89) times and (132.50±29.36) ml in robot group and (129.50±10.50) min, (14.40±2.56) times and(182.50±23.14) ml in artificial group, respectively, there was significant difference between the groups(P<0.05). According to Neo classification method, there were 122 screws at grade 0, 4 screws at grade 1 in robot group, and there were 108 screws at grade 0, 9 screws at grade 1 and 7 screws at grade 2 in artificial group. The accuracy of the robot group was better than that of artificial group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with free hand screw placement, Renaissance robot navigation system can effectively improve the accuracy of pedicle screw placement, reduce the number of fluoroscopy times and intraoperative blood loss, thereby improving the safety of operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Robotics , Spinal Fusion , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927360

ABSTRACT

Based on the theory of "brain-gut communication" and "heart-stomach disease simultaneously", the thinking and method of treating chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) from yangming meridian were discussed. CFS is related to brain and heart. Based on the analysis of meridian circulation, zang-fu function and the indication characteristics of yangming meridian, the indications of yangming meridian are closely related to brain and heart, so it is proposed to start from yangming meridian and use Chinese herbs combined with acupuncture to treat CFS, including the four methods of clearing away heat and moisturizing dryness, cooling blood and removing blood stasis, promoting qi to clear the organs, and strengthening and replenishing deficiency. It has certain guiding and reference significance for clinical treatment of CFS.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Humans , Meridians
4.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 553-561, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913450

ABSTRACT

Background@#Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) leads to thinning of scalp hair and affects 60%~70% of the adult population worldwide. Developing more effective treatments and studying its mechanism are of great significance. Previous clinical studies have revealed that hair growth is stimulated by 650-nm red light. @*Objective@#This study aimed to explore the effect and mechanism of 650-nm red light on the treatment of AGA by using ex vivo hair follicle culture. @*Methods@#Human hair follicles were obtained from hair transplant patients with AGA. Hair follicles were cultured in Williams E medium and treated with or without 650-nm red light.Real-time RT-PCR and immunofluorescence staining were used to detect the expression level of genes and proteins in hair follicles, respectively. RNA-sequencing analysis was carried out to reveal the distinct gene signatures upon 650 nm treatment. @*Results@#Low-level 650 nm red light promoted the proliferation of human hair follicles in the experimental cultured-tissue model. Consistently, 650 nm red light significantly delayed the transition of hair cycle from anagen to catagen in vitro. RNA-seq analysis and gene clustering for the differentially expressed genes suggests that leukocyte transendothelial migration, metabolism, adherens junction and other biological process maybe involved in stimulation of hair follicles by 650-nm red light treatment. @*Conclusion@#The effect of 650-nm red light on ex vivo hair follicles and the transcriptome set which implicates the role of red light in promoting hair growth and reversing of miniaturization process of AGA were identified.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 835-840, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910244

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of strains based on feature tracking in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) after surgical myectomy and the potential factors that influenced post-myectomy global strains.Methods:A total of 27 patients with HOCM who underwent septal myectomy in Fuwai Hospital from June 2014 to July 2017 were retrospectively collected. They all received cardiac MR (CMR) cine acquisitions before and after surgery. Their preoperative and postoperative strain parameters, including radial strain (RS), circumferential strain (CS), and longitudinal strain (LS) of the global left ventricle, septum, and lateral wall, were assessed by feature tracking. Comparisons of pre-myectomy and post-myectomy imaging parameters were performed using paired-samples t-test or Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test. Pearson or Spearman correlation analysis and linear regression analysis were utilized to find the correlated factors of postoperative global strains. Results:Compared with preoperative strains, postoperative global LS, septal LS, lateral RS, lateral CS, and lateral LS increased statistically (all P<0.05); postoperative global RS, global CS, and septal CS decreased (all P<0.05); no statistically significant difference was observed in septal RS ( P=0.165). Age at surgery ( r=0.428, P=0.026) and preoperative myocardial maximum ventricular wall thickness ( r=-0.587, P=0.001) were both linearly related to postoperative global RS; the further multivariate stepwise linear regressions showed that only preoperative myocardial maximum ventricular wall thickness might be correlated with postoperative global RS (adjusted R 2=0.287, P=0.002). Only myocardial maximum ventricular wall thickness was linearly related to global CS ( r=0.679, P<0.001) and global LS ( r=0.588, P=0.001), respectively; univariate linear regression revealed that preoperative myocardial maximum ventricular wall thickness might be correlated postoperative global CS (adjusted R 2=0.337, P=0.001) and postoperative global LS (adjusted R 2=0.281, P=0.003), respectively. Conclusions:Cardiac surgery definitely relieves left ventricular outflow tract obstruction and generally improves longitudinal and lateral strains, but a negative impact may occur in global and septal CS and RS. Preoperative maximum ventricular wall thickness may affect postoperative global strains.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910078

ABSTRACT

The process of bone healing is absolutely complicated and affected by a wide variety of factors. The quality of bone healing directly determines management approaches. Therefore, it is crucial to evaluate accurately outcomes of bone healing. The assessments of bone healing mostly used in current clinical practice are a combination of clinical manifestations and X-ray examination while computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound may be applied alternatively for particular parts and populations. As understanding of bone healing process and bone biomechanical structure is deepening in recent years, both traditional and novel assessments of bone healing have been well refined. This review will expound on the advantages, disadvantages and clinical indications of various assessments, as well as their future development trends, to provide useful information for clinicians.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887872

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the incidence of surgical site infection(SSI)following conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy and to analyze the related risk factors. Methods The clinical data of 179 patients who had experienced conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the associations between clinical variables and SSI. Results The incidence of SSI was 19.0%(34/179)after conversion from laparoscopic to open cholecystectomy.The multivariable analysis demonstrated that preoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)(


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surgical Wound Infection/etiology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885950

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the reconstuctive strategy of the defect of anterior rectus fascia and rectus abdominus muscle in the clinical practice.Methods:Between November 2009 and Janurary 2020, clinical data of 24 female patients that underwent 29 anterior rectus fascia and rectus abdominus muscle reconstructions of defect were reviewed retrospectively. The median age was 42.5 years (range, 35-60 years), including 20 breast reconstructions, 2 pelvic reconstructions, 1 thoracic defect after tumor resection and 1 abdominal defect after tumor resection. According to the location and size of the anterior rectus fascia and rectus abdominus muscle defect, three reconstructive methods were applied: 6 direct clousres were applied if the width of defect was less than half of the anterior rectus fascia, 21 polypropylene mesh onlay reconstructions were applied for which the width of defect was or more than half of the anterior rectus fascia, and 2 direct suture closure were applied for the simple rectus abdominus muscle defect.Results:All the patients healed eventfully without abdominal wound complications, such as infection, hematoma, dehiscence. The patients were followed up for a median period of 30 months (range, 5-126 months). 1 patient died of breast cancer recurrence and matastasis at 36 months postoperatively. No patient developed a mesh infection or required mesh removal secondary to infection or foreign body reaction. There was no abdominal wall hernia, 1 patient developed abdominal bulge without further treatment because of no abdominal wall discomfort.Conclusions:The key of successful operation is different reconstructive methods applied to reconstruct the integrity and stability of abdominal wall, based on the location and size of the anterior rectus fascia and rectus abdominus muscle defect.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 269-275, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of T 1 mapping/indexed extracellular volume fraction (iECV) quantified with cardiac MR (CMR) parameters, and its correlation with traditional indicators of myocardial dysfunction in aortic insufficiency (AI) patients. Methods:A total of 36 patients clinically and radiologically diagnosed with chronic AI in our hospital between May 2012 and February 2016 were retrospectively selected. All AI patients underwent conventional CMR protocol, native and post T 1 mapping. CMR parameters, such as aortic regurgitant fraction (RF), late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) mass fraction, myocardial extracellular volume fraction (ECV) and iECV. Based on the values of aortic RF, AI patients were divided into mild AI group (9 cases), moderate AI group (14 cases) and severe AI group (13 cases). The clinical characteristics were teased from the patients′ electronic medical records. Univariate analysis of variance was used to compare the measurement data of native T 1 mapping, post-contrast T 1 mapping, ECV, and iECV. LSD test was used for pair wise comparison between the mild AI, moderate AI and severe AI groups. Data about cardiovascular history, New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart function classification, and LGE were compared by chi-square test or Fisher exact test. The correlation between left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and iECV was evaluated by Spearman correlation analysis. Results:There was no difference in age, sex, cardiovascular history among the three groups. Comparison of patients with different severity of AI in the three groups: (1) There was statistically significant difference in the LGE positive rate among the three groups ( P=0.023), while the myocardial replacement of fibrosis increased with the grade of aortic regurgitation. (2) There was no statistically significant difference in the measurement data of native T 1 mapping, post-contrast T 1 mapping, ECV among the three groups ( H=1.815, 0.929, 2.496, all P values>0.05), while the diffuse myocardial fibrosis tended to increase with the degree of aortic regurgitation. There was statistically significant difference in iECV among the three groups ( H=16.725, P<0.001). The measurement data of iECV in the severe AI group was significantly higher than those in the other two groups ( P<0.05). LVEF value was inversely correlated with iECV ( r=-0.649, P<0.001). Conclusions:Quantitative T 1 mapping/iECV can serve as a parameter to noninvasively identify diffuse myocardial fibrosis in AI patients of different severities. It changes with LVEF and can manifest the reversible stage of left ventricular decompensation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883514

ABSTRACT

Mining of plant-derived antimicrobials is the major focus at current to counter antibiotic resistance.This study was conducted to characterize the antimicrobial activity and mode of action of linalyl anthranilate(LNA)against carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae(KPC-KP).LNA alone exhibited bacteri-cidal activity at 2.5%(V/V),and in combination with meropenem(MPM)at 1.25%(V/V).Comparative proteomic analysis showed a significant reduction in the number of cytoplasmic and membrane proteins,indicating membrane damage in LNA-treated KPC-KP cells.Up-regulation of oxidative stress regulator proteins and down-regulation of oxidative stress-sensitive proteins indicated oxidative stress.Zeta po-tential measurement and outer membrane permeability assay revealed that LNA increases both bacterial surface charge and membrane permeability.Ethidium bromide influx/efflux assay showed increased uptake of ethidium bromide in LNA-treated cells,inferring membrane damage.Furthermore,intracel-lular leakage of nucleic acid and proteins was detected upon LNA treatment.Scanning and transmission electron microscopies again revealed the breakage of bacterial membrane and loss of intracellular ma-terials.LNA was found to induce oxidative stress by generating reactive oxygen species(ROS)that initiate lipid peroxidation and damage the bacterial membrane.In conclusion,LNA generates ROS,initiates lipid peroxidation,and damages the bacterial membrane,resulting in intracellular leakage and eventually killing the KPC-KP cells.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862589

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the status of iodine nutrition and its related influencing factors of school-age children in Wuhan, so as to provide the basis for adjusting the strategies of IDD prevention and control.@*Methods@#In 5 districts of Wuhan (Hongshan, Hanyang, Hannan, Jiangxia, Dongxihu), non-boarding students aged 8-10 years old were selected from each of the five sample areas in the east, west, south, north and middle. Samples of urine and the cooking salt from their home were randornly colleted among children. Height, weight measurement and a self-administered questionnaire were conducted at the same time. A total of 942 valid questionnaires were collected, including 484 boys and 458 girls.@*Results@#The median of iodine content of children s household salt was 23.20 mg/kg, the median of urinary iodine of children in the city was 251.00 μg/L. Children s random urine iodine concentration was related to gender, whether kelp was consumed the day before the survey, the frequency of consuming milk, and whether they received radiological examinations(P<0.05). Male (OR=1.38, 95%CI=1.04-1.82), consumption of kelp the day before the survey (OR=1.67,95%CI=1.13-2.47) and radiological examination (OR=1.26,95%CI=1.05-1.52) were risk factors for children with urinary iodine concentration higher than the upper limit of the appropriate value(P<0.05). The awareness rate of children s iodine deficiency disease prevention knowledge in Wuhan was 69.64%.@*Conclusion@#The iodine nutritional status of children aged 8-10 years in Wuhan was higher than the appropriate level recommended by international organizations. The random urine iodine concentration of children was affected by many factors and the awareness rate of children s iodine deficiency disease knowledge in Wuhan was low. Therefore, health education for children and residents on iodine deficiency disorders should be strengthened, and they should be properly guided and intervened to ensure that iodine deficiency is prevented while iodine excess is avoided.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922035

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic analysis and parental tracing for a fetus with an inconclusive chromosomal karyotype.@*METHODS@#The fetus and its parents were subjected to combined chromosomal karyotyping, chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and multiplex PCR testing for Y chromosome microdeletions.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to have a karyotype of 45,X[18]/46,X,+mar[72]. CMA revealed that the fetus has carried a 2.6 Mb duplication at Yp11.32p11.31 and a 44.5 Mb deletion at Yq11.21q12. Interphase FISH of amniocytes confirmed the chromosomal mosaicism in the fetus, which has derived from Y chromosome. Multiplex PCR revealed deletion of AZFb and AZFc regions on the Y chromosome. No karyotypic abnormality was found with either parent at 400-band level.@*CONCLUSION@#Combined genetic analysis has delineated the aberrant karyotype in the fetus, which has facilitated prediction of its clinical phenotype and genetic counseling.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics , Female , Fetus , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotype , Mosaicism , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2685-2691, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921223

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nitinol-containing devices are widely used in clinical practice. However, there are concerns about nickel release after nitinol-containing device implantation. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of a parylene-coated occluder vs. a traditional nitinol-containing device for atrial septal defect (ASD).@*METHODS@#One-hundred-and-eight patients with ASD were prospectively enrolled and randomly assigned to either the trial group to receive a parylene-coated occluder (n = 54) or the control group to receive a traditional occluder (n = 54). The plugging success rate at 6 months after device implantation and the pre- and post-implantation serum nickel levels were compared between the two groups. A non-inferiority design was used to prove that the therapeutic effect of the parylene-coated device was non-inferior to that of the traditional device. The Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel chi-squared test with adjustment for central effects was used for the comparison between groups.@*RESULTS@#At 6 months after implantation, successful ASD closure was achieved in 52 of 53 patients (98.11%) in both the trial and control groups (95% confidence interval (CI): [-4.90, 5.16]) based on per-protocol set analysis. The absolute value of the lower limit of the 95% CI was 4.90%, which was less than the specified non-inferiority margin of 8%. No deaths or severe complications occurred during 6 months of follow-up. The serum nickel levels were significantly increased at 2 weeks and reached the maximum value at 1 month after implantation in the control group (P  0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of a parylene-coated ASD occluder is non-inferior to that of a traditional uncoated ASD occluder. The parylene-coated occluder prevents nickel release after device implantation and may be an alternative for ASD, especially in patients with a nickel allergy.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Catheterization , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Humans , Polymers , Prospective Studies , Prosthesis Design , Septal Occluder Device/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Xylenes
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878719

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of self-made carriers on the cryopreservation of ovarian tissue of sheep. Methods Thirty-two ovaries were randomly assigned to fresh group,programmed freezing group,self-made carrier I vitrification group,and self-made carrier Ⅱ vitrification group.The morphology,proliferation,apoptosis,and estrogen level of the ovarian tissue in each group were observed. Results After cryopreservation,the morphology normal rate of the primordial follicles in programmed freezing group,self-made carrier I vitrification group,and self-made carrier Ⅱ vitrification group were 74.2%,72.8%,and 72.3%,respectively,lower than that(83.7%)in the fresh group(χ


Subject(s)
Animals , Cryopreservation , Female , Freezing , Ovarian Follicle , Ovary , Sheep , Vitrification
15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 203-207, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923238

ABSTRACT

Kidney is the main target organ of uranium after acute and chronic ingestion. Due to the lack of reliable biomarkers in the study of uranium-induced renal injury, the epidemiological data are not enough to quantify the effects of uranium on human health, and it leads to the inconclusive and inconsistent research results. This paper is focused on the analysis on research progression of domestic and foreign biomarkers of renal injury in uranium drinking water residents, uranium occupational exposure population and Gulf War veterans. The indicators including small molecular proteins and enzymes that reflect the damage of proximal and distal tubules and glomerular, such as β_2-microglobulin, α-microglobulin, retinol binding protein, micro albumin, kidney injury molecule-1, neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin, alkaline phosphatase, N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminase, γ-glutamyltransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase, etc. It is suggested that molecular epidemiology should be applied to long-term cohort studies, and molecular biological detection and analytic techniques should be combined with cohort data information to clarify the dose-effect relationship of biological indicators.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922763

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a severe pathophysiological condition characterized by pulmonary artery remodeling and continuous increases in pulmonary artery pressure, which may eventually develop to right heart failure and death. Although newly discovered and incredible treatment strategies in recent years have improved the prognosis of PH, limited types of effective and economical drugs for PH still makes it as a life-threatening disease. Some drugs from Chinese materia medica (CMM) have been traditionally applied in the treatment of lung diseases. Accumulating evidence suggests active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) derived from those medicines brings promising future for the prevention and treatment of PH. In this review, we summarized the pharmacological effects of APIs derived from CMM which are potent in treating PH, so as to provide new thoughts for initial drug discovery and identification of potential therapeutic strategies in alternative medicine for PH.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869849

ABSTRACT

After the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019, the number of severe cases in Wuhan increased dramatically, which was far beyond the load of intensive care unit.As a result, the isolation ward became the place for the treatment of severe cases.Because the important role of anesthesiologists, more than 20 anesthesiologists from Union Hospital affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology have been sent to eight isolation wards of severe patients.They have participated in the treatment of more than 800 severe coronavirus disease 2019 patients, including more than 300 critical cases with more than 120 cases getting better recovery.Their work included endotracheal intubation, central venous catheterization, artery cannulation and blood gas analysis, and bedside cardiopulmonary ultrasound examination, and more importantly they have played an important role in respiratory management after endotracheal intubation, the treatment of cardiovascular events and precise fluid therapy.During these works, anesthesiologists improved their own professional skills through the cooperation with other specialists, including the standard writing skills of medical records and prescription, appropriate protection against infectious diseases, standard medication and oxygen therapy for respiratory diseases, and the capability of continuously management of critical cases.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869289

ABSTRACT

In December 2019, the endemic of COVID-19 broke out in Wuhan, China. The disease is highly contagious and quickly spreads at home and abroad, causing great concern. However, there are no definite effective antiviral drugs in clinical use. Given the urgency of the COVID-19 outbreak, based on the diagnosis and treatment recommendation and relavant researches, this article describes the optional antiviral drugs such as remdesivir, oseltamivir, arbidol, lopinavir/ritonavir, ribavirin, and interferon-α to provide a reference for treatment of COVID-19.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869286

ABSTRACT

In December 2019, COVID-19 broke out in Wuhan, China. The disease is highly contagious and quickly spreads at home and abroad, causing great concern. However, there are no definite effective antiviral drugs in clinic. Given the urgency of the COVID-19 outbreak, based on the diagnosis and treatment recommendation and previous researches, this review describes the optional antiviral drugs such as remdesivir, oseltamivir, Arbidol, lopinavir/ritonavir, ribavirin, and interferon-α to provide a reference for the infection therapy.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868454

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and protection level of radiological treatment in the CT modules in the makeshift hosptials in Wuhan during the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 cases.Methods:The layout of the CT modules in makeshift hospitals, radiological protection facilities and personal protective equipment were investigated. Based on the national standards, the CT dose index was estimated and the radiological protection level at the CT modules were measured.Results:The layout of the CT modules in makeshift hospitals is reasonable, with well-equipped radiological protection facilities. Of 23 CT modules, 20 were up to standards with acceptability of 87.0%. The other three were unqualified each with 1 detection points having values in excess of the national standards. Which, after being modified immediately reached the national standards. In addition, CT dose index for 7 CT modules were estimated, with CTDI W within ±7.5%. Conclusions:The CT modules in Wuhan meet the requirements of radiological safety and protection during the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 cases.

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