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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 429-436, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of postoperative internal fixation failures of femoral intertrochanteric fractures and analyze the related reasons using the leverage-balance-reconstruction theory.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed for 40 patients suffering from implant failure after internal fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures admitted to Peking University People's Hospital from January 1999 to December 2019. There were 20 males and 20 females, aged from 43 to 92 years [(74.1±11.5)years]. The patients were assigned to extramedullary fixation (extramedullary fixation group, 17 patients) and intramedullary fixation (intramedullary fixation group, 23 patients). Complications associated with internal fixation were recorded, including internal fixation cutout, coxa vara deformity of hip joint, internal fixation withdrawal, femoral heck shortening and internal fixation breakage. Based on the lever-balance-reconstruction theory, the failure reasons of internal fixation were analyzed in combination with the change of arm length and outward shift of fulcrum measured before operation, after internal fixation and after fixation failure.Results:Among 40 patients, internal fixation cutout occurred in 18 patients, coxa vara deformity of hip joint in 37, internal fixation withdrawal in 29, femoral neck shortening in 37 and internal fixation breakage in 3. In extramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (8.0±1.0)mm and (59.4±10.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (72.7±21.7)mm and (8.9±7.4)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (50.3±14.9)mm and (33.6±17.6)mm. In intramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (6.7±0.6)mm and (49.8±9.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (51.5±7.0)mm and (19.8±5.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (41.6±9.6)mm and (32.4±7.7)mm. In each group, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after internal fixation showed significant differences from that of normal ones and from that after fixation failure ( P<0.05). The length of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group ( P<0.05). The shortening of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group after fixation failure ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The extramedullary and intramedullary fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures result in the displacement of reconstruction fulcrum. The shortening of power arm is observed after fixation failure. The leverage-balance-reconstruction theory is helpful to analyze the cause of complications. The power arm after extramedullary fixation is longer than that after intramedullary fixation and is therefore more prone to fixation failure. The primary cause of postoperative internal fixation complications is to achieve a new balance of leverage.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908711

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of pressure ulcer score and fall score and NIHSS scale for discharge outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).Methods:From January 2014 and November 2018, 4 468 patients with AIS who were treated in Hebei Province Renqiu Kangjixintu Hospital were selected as the research object. According to the modified Rankin scale (mRS) score standard discharge, mRS score in 0 to 2 scores was defined as good discharge outcome, and mRS score ≥3 scores defined as bad discharge outcome. Predictive value of pressure ulcer score, fall score and NIHSS score for the discharge outcome of AIS was analyzed.Results:The score of pressure ulcer in the group with bad discharge outcome was significantly lower than that in the group with good discharge outcome: (16.96 ± 2.89) scores vs. (19.91 ± 1.71) scores, the score of fall and NIHSS in the group with bad discharge outcome were higher than that in the group with good discharge outcome, with statistical significance: (6.66 ± 1.77) scores vs. (5.21 ± 1.64) scores, (7.34 ± 5.08) scores vs. (3.15 ± 2.21) scores ( P<0.01). The cutoff values of pressure sore score, fall score and NIHSS score for predicting adverse discharge outcome were 18.5, 5.5 and 3.5 scores, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.809, 0.731 and 0.863, respectively. The sensitivity was 86.00%, 76.200% and 78.30%, and the specificity was 64.00%, 59.50% and 80.60%. The pressure ulcer score, fall score and NIHSS score had statistical difference in predicting the adverse outcome of discharge ( P<0.01). Conclusions:The pressure ulcer score, fall score and NIHSS score have good predictive value for the discharge outcome of AIS. The lower the pressure ulcer score and the higher fall score and NIHSS score are, the higher the risk of poor discharge outcome of AIS is. Actively controlling the occurrence of pressure ulcers and falls can effectively reduce the risk of poor discharge outcome of AIS.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study whether Tanreqing injection (TRQ) can alleviate the body injury in the process of infection by inhibiting the production and release of <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin of <italic>Staphylococcus aureus</italic> under sub-minimal inhibitory concentration, and to provide experimental basis for better guidance of clinical medication. Method:The effects of TRQ on the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and bacterial growth of <italic>S.aureus</italic> were determined firstly by microplate method and time-growth curve. The different sub-minimal inhibitory concentrations of TRQ were co-cultured with bacteria or bacterial supernatants, and then co-incubated with defibrillated rabbit blood to detect the inhibitory and neutralizing effects of TRQ on <italic>S.aureus</italic> <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) cell viability assay was used to detect the protective effect of TRQ on <italic>S. aureus</italic>-mediated damage to human alveolar epithelial cells (A549). Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the effect of sub-minimal inhibitory concentration of TRQ on the mRNA expression of <italic>S.aureus</italic> <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin regulatory genes hla and agrA. Result:The MIC of TRQ to <italic>S.aureus </italic>was 1/8 of the stock solution, and the sub-minimal inhibitory concentration (1/64MIC-1/16MIC) TRQ used in this study did not affect the growth of bacteria. 1/64MIC-1/16 MIC TRQ had the effect of inhibiting and neutralizing the hemolytic activity of <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin, with a protective effect on <italic>S.aureus</italic> supernatant-mediated A549 cell damage, and its inhibitory effect on <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin was closely related to the inhibition of hla and agrA mRNA expression. Conclusion:The sub-minimal inhibitory concentration TRQ can inhibit and neutralize the hemolytic activity of <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin of <italic>S.aureus</italic>, with a protective effect on A549 cell damage mediated by <italic>S.aureus</italic> infection, and its mechanism of inhibiting <italic>α</italic>-hemolysin is closely related to the interference with agr regulatory system.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922760

ABSTRACT

Danshen-Chuanxiongqin Injection (DCI) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cerebral ischemic stroke in China. However, its underlying mechanisms remain completely understood. The current study was designed to explore the protective mechanisms of DCI against cerebral ischemic stroke through integrating whole-transcriptome sequencing coupled with network pharmacology analysis. First, using a mouse model of cerebral ischemic stroke by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO), we found that DCI (4.10 mL·kg


Subject(s)
Brain Ischemia/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/genetics , Ischemic Stroke , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Stroke/genetics , Toll-Like Receptor 2 , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1795-1802, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the biomechanical properties of traditional surface hip prosthesis and bionic surface hip prosthesis.Methods:The Sawbone digital model (#3908, Left, Medium) was selected as the research object. Mimics 21.0 software was used to reconstruct the physical model of femur. Solidworks 16.0 software was used to build the model of prostheses, including the traditional and bionic (type 1-4) protheses and their assembly. The distances from the screw cross position to the top of pressure screw of type 1 to type 4 protheses were 20.22 mm, 30.12 mm, 32.17 mm and 37.76 mm, respectively. The mechanical distribution characteristics of the whole model were measured and the stress distribution cloud map was obtained.Results:The peak stresses at bone-stem junction of traditional prosthesis and type 1-4 hip prostheses were 32.18 MPa, 13.80 MPa, 15.01 MPa, 23.46 MPa and 34.51 MPa, respectively. With the fulcrums away from the top of the femur, the peak stresses at the fulcrums of type 1-4 hip protheses were 37.98 MPa, 48.60 MPa, 54.80 MPa, and 53.87 MPa, respectively. The maximum stress above femoral neck of traditional prosthesis and type 1-4 hip prostheses were 8.00 MPa, 7.80 MPa, 7.04 MPa, 7.03 MPa and 7.51 MPa, respectively. The maximum stresses under femoral neck was 15.38 MPa, 14.20 MPa, 11.11 MPa, 13.10 MPa and 12.18 MPa, respectively. The maximum stresses in the greater trochanter region of femur were 13.08 MPa, 11.61 MPa, 13.09 MPa, 11.02 MPa and 39.51 MPa, respectively.Conclusion:Compared with the traditional surface hip prosthesis, the type I bionic surface hip prosthesis is designed based on the lever balance reconstruction theory. With the bionic reconstruction of the tension trabeculae and compression trabeculae through reasonable screw placement angles and the inward movement of the fulcrum closer to the center of the femoral head, the new type prothesis make up for the design defects of the traditional surface hip prosthesis, optimize the stress distribution in the proximal femur, and improve the stability of the prosthesis after replacement, which help reduce the risk of femoral neck fracture and prosthesis loosening, and extend the service life of the prosthesis.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2086-2092, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887055

ABSTRACT

Extracellular vesicle-like nanoparticles (EVNs) isolated from edible plants have been shown to have multiple activities, while EVNs from medicinal plants have rarely been reported. In this paper, medicinal parts of medicinal and edible homologous fresh Curcumae Longae Rhizoma (CLR), Lilii Bulbus (LB), Polygonati Rhizoma (PR), and Gastrodiae Rhizoma (GR) are used to squeeze juice to collect EVNs. The physical and chemical properties, antioxidant capacity, and cellular uptake behavior of EVNs are determined. The results show that the particle size of EVNs from different sources ranges from 150 nm to 200 nm, and the polydispersity index (PDI) values of four EVNs are less than 0.2. Different EVNs all contain lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates, but their contents are different. The stability of EVNs is different at 4 ℃ and -80 ℃, among which the CLR-derived EVNs are most stable. Antioxidant experiments confirm that the four EVNs have different antioxidant activities while structural damage of EVNs leads to the reduced antioxidant capacity. Cellular uptake studies prove that four EVNs differ in the uptake capacity by RAW264.7 cells, which is associated with the structural interference of EVNs. The available evidence implies that the specific structure of EVNs may be necessary to their pharmacological activity and transport property.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the causes and risk factors for failure of internal fixation with proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in the treatment of femoral intertrochanteric fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 568 patients with femoral intertrochanteric fracture who had been treated with PFNA fixation at Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Fifth Central Hospital of Tianjin from March 2013 to March 2018. They were 348 males and 220 females, aged from 44 to 93 years (average, 74.6 years). According to the fracture stability classification, the patients were divided into a stable group of 424 cases and an unstable group of 144 cases. According to the AO classification, the stable group had type 31-A1 and type 31-A2.1 while the unstable group type 31-A2.2, type 31-A2.3 and type 31-A3. The 2 groups were compared in terms of reduction quality, rate of internal fixation failure, and function of the affected hip. Single factor and multi-factor binary logistic regression analyses were conducted to determine the risk factors responsible for failure of PFNA fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Results:There were no significant differences in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing comparability between groups ( P> 0.05). Internal fixation failure occurred in 19 cases, which was caused by spiral blade withdrawal in 13 cases, femoral neck shortening in 17 cases, hip varus in 14 cases, and spiral blade cut-out in 14 cases. The failure rate for the stable group was 1.2% (5/424), significantly lower than that for the unstable group [9.7%,(14/144)] ( P<0.05). The Harris hip score at the last follow-up for the stable group [98(95,100)] was significantly higher than that for the unstable group [84 (82, 87)] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in reduction quality between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The multivariate analysis showed that osteoporosis ( OR=7.283, 95% CI: 1.626 to 32.623, P=0.009) and unstable fracture ( OR=11.607, 95% CI: 4.039 to 33.355, P<0.001) were risk factors responsible for the failure of PFNA fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fracture. Conclusions:PFNA fixation for unstable intertrochanteric fracture can lead to a high failure rate. It forms a lever like structure so that the main stress is shifted to the internal fixation. Its lever fulcrum is located at the angle of intramedullary fixation so that a long arm forms at the load-bearing side, leading to a high failure rate. The weight-free time should be longer for patients with osteoporosis and unstable fracture after operation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878931

ABSTRACT

This paper was to investigate the effect of Huanglian Jiedu Decoction(HLJD) on ulcerative colitis(UC) in mice, and determine the effective components in plasma, and virtually screen its therapeutic target, and predict its mechanism. Sixty Balb/c mice were randomly divided into blank group, model group, mesalazine treatment group(0.3 g·kg~(-1)), and HLJD treatment groups(24.66, 12.33, 6.17 g·kg~(-1)). Excepted for the blank group, all the mice in HLJD and mesalazine treatment groups were gavage administration. All mice freely drank 2.5% DSS solution for seven days to induce UC. The disease activity index(DAI) was detected each day. At the end of the experiment, HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes in colon. The content of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in colon were determined by ELISA. The effective components in plasma were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The reverse docking in PharmMapper was used to screen the component targets. The disease targets of UC were collected by searching TTD, OMIM and GeneCards databases. The intersection of the component targets and disease targets was selected as the therapeutic targets. Then the therapeutic targets were imported into the STRING for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis. Discovery Studio was used to simulate the docking between the components and the targets. RESULTS:: showed that the DAI in the model group increased significantly(P<0.05), and the number of inflammatory cells and infiltration degree increased significantly compared with the blank group. The DAI in HLJD treatment group was significantly reduced(P<0.05), and the number and infiltration degree of inflammatory cells were reduced compared with the model group. The ELISA results showed that the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were increased significantly in the model group(P<0.01) compared with the blank group, and significantly down regulated in the HLJD treatment group(P<0.05) compared with the model group. After UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analyse, ten components were identified. The network pharmacology analysis showed that the action targets were significantly enriched in 129 of biological processes, such as response to organic substance, chemical and oxygen-containing compound, etc., as well as 16 of signal pathways, such as IL-17, TNF and hepatitis B signal pathways, were enriched too. The results of molecular docking showed that limonin, palmatine and berberine could bind to CASP3 and MMP9 by hydrogen bond. In conclusion, HLJD could alleviate the colonic mucosal inflammatory infiltration and mucosal damage in UC mice. The mechanism may be related to the anti-inflammatory effect on UC mice by reducing the levels of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in colon through limonin, palmatine and berberine regulating IL-17 signal pathway and TNF signal pathway via CASP3 and MMP9 meditated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Colon , Dextran Sulfate/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Plasma
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878369

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Nutrition is closely related to the health of the elderly population. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive picture of the nutrition status of elderly Chinese and its related dietary, geographical, and socioeconomic factors.@*Methods@#A total of 13,987 ≥ 60-year-old persons from the 2010-2013 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey were included to evaluate various aspects of malnutrition, including underweight, overweight or obesity, and micronutrient inadequacy.@*Results@#Overall, the prevalence of obesity, overweight, and underweight was 12.4%, 34.8%, and 5.7%, respectively, with disparities both geographically and socioeconomically. The prevalence of underweight was higher among the older old (≥ 75 years), rural residents and those with low income, with low education status, and residing in undeveloped West areas. More than 75% of the elderly do not meet the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamins A, B @*Conclusions@#Obesity epidemic, inadequacy of micronutrient intake, and high prevalence of underweight and anemia in susceptible older people are the major nutrition challenges for the rapidly aging population in China.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/etiology , Micronutrients/deficiency , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Overweight/etiology , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Thinness/etiology
10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 647-651, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867762

ABSTRACT

Intertrochanteric femoral fractures are common in clinical practice and the key to treatment is timely stable fixation and early rehabilitation to prevent bedridden complications. At present, the failure of common internal fixation system in the treatment of unstable intertrochanteric femoral fractures is not rare. The authors think that for the normal anatomical type of leverage structure of human proximal femur, pivot can bear weight and complete multidirectional activities because its pivot is close to the center of the body. The intertrochanteric femoral fractures destroyed the trabecular structure on the tension side and pressure side. At the same time, the physiological lever of the proximal femur was destroyed. The cause for the failure of the existing internal fixation is the inability to reconstruct the physiological pivot. Based on the anatomical and biomechanical characteristics of the proximal femur, the author reviewed the previous literatures and analyzed the problems in the treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures, and for the first time raised the " lever-pivot balance" theory for the treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures. This theory opens a new way for solving the problems in treatment of intertrochanteric femoral fractures.

11.
Journal of Stroke ; : 47-63, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834644

ABSTRACT

Electrical stimulation has been extensively applied in post-stroke motor restoration, but its treatment mechanisms are not fully understood. Stimulation of neuromotor control system at multiple levels manipulates the corresponding neuronal circuits and results in neuroplasticity changes of stroke survivors. This rewires the lesioned brain and advances functional improvement. This review addresses the therapeutic mechanisms of different stimulation modalities, such as noninvasive brain stimulation, peripheral electrical stimulation, and other emerging techniques. The existing applications, the latest progress, and future directions are discussed. The use of electrical stimulation to facilitate post-stroke motor recovery presents great opportunities in terms of targeted intervention and easy applicability. Further technical improvements and clinical studies are required to reveal the neuromodulatory mechanisms and to enhance rehabilitation therapy efficiency in stroke survivors and people with other movement disorders.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828989

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Long-term seroprotection the hepatitis A vaccine is essential for the prevention of disease from the hepatitis A virus (HAV). Due to documented difficulties during decade-long follow-ups after receiving vaccines, statistical-modeling approaches have been applied to predict the duration of immune protection.@*Methods@#Based on five-year follow-up data from a randomized positive-controlled trial among Chinese children (1-8 years old) following a 0, 6 months vaccination schedule, a power-law model accounting for the kinetics of B-cell turnover, as well as a modified power-law model considering a memory-B-cell subpopulation, were fitted to predict the long-term immune responses induced by HAV vaccination (Healive or Havrix). Anti-HAV levels of each individual and seroconversion rates up to 30 years after vaccination were predicted.@*Results@#A total of 375 participants who completed the two-dose vaccination were included in the analysis. Both models predicted that, over a life-long period, participants vaccinated with Healive would have close but slightly higher antibody titers than those of participants vaccinated with Havrix. Additionally, consistent with previous studies, more than 90% of participants were predicted to maintain seroconversion for at least 30 years. Moreover, the modified power-law model predicted that the antibody titers would reach a plateau level after nearly 15 years post-vaccination.@*Conclusions@#Based on the results of our modeling, Healive may adequately induce long-term immune responses following a 0, 6 months vaccination schedule in children induction of memory B cells to provide stable and durable immune protection.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Hepatitis A , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis A Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis A Vaccines , Humans , Immunity, Active , Infant , Male , Models, Statistical , Vaccination
13.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 1101-1107, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880229

ABSTRACT

Extrachromosomal DNA (ecDNA) is a small segment of circular DNA located outside the chromosome, which has the function of self-replication. Recently, amplification of oncogenes on ecDNA has been proved to be a common phenomenon in tumor cells, and has some characteristics worth studying, such as correlation with patients' poor prognosis. Multiple chromosomal events are involved in the formation of ecDNA, and its amplification can directly increase the number of DNA copies of extra-chromosomal oncogenes and accelerate the generation and development of tumors. Moreover, the segregation pattern of unequal transmission of parental ecDNA cells to offspring not only increases tumor heterogeneity, but also enhances tumor adaptation to environment and response to therapy. This article reviews the current status and potential significance of ecDNA in tumor cells.
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14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879911

ABSTRACT

The electronic stethoscope combined with artificial intelligence (AI) technology has realized the digital acquisition of heart sounds and intelligent identification of congenital heart disease, which provides objective basis for heart sound auscultation and improves the accuracy of congenital heart disease diagnosis. At the present stage, the AI based cardiac auscultation technique mainly focuses on the research of AI algorithms, and the researchers have designed and summarized a variety of effective algorithms based on the characteristics of cardiac audio data, among which the mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) is the most effective one, and widely used in the cardiac auscultation. However, the current cardiac sound analysis techniques are based on specific data sets, and have not been validated in clinic, so the performance of algorithms need to be further verified. The lack of heart sound data, especially the high-quality, standardized, publicly available heart sound database with disease labeling, further restricts the development of heart sound diagnostic analysis and its application in screening. Therefore, expert consensus is necessary in establishing an authoritative heart sound database and standardizing the heart sound auscultation screening process for congenital heart disease. This paper provides an overview of the research and application status of auscultation algorithm and hardware equipment based on AI in auscultation screening of congenital heart disease, and puts forward the problems to be solved in clinical application of AI auscultation screening technology.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Artificial Intelligence , Heart Auscultation/trends , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Humans , Mass Screening/methods
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756005

ABSTRACT

From October 2017 to March 2018,398 patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted in Department of Neurology,First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University were enrolled in the study,including 59 cases with elevated troponin (cTn) and 339 cases with normal cTn level.Patients were assessed with National institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS),Chinese Ischemic Stroke Subclassification (CISS),Island cortical lesions and related non-neurological diseases.The short-term prognosis was assessed by NIHSS score during 10-15 days in hospital and compared between the two groups.Multivariate regression analysis showed that elevated serum cTn was independently associated with insular cortex damage (OR=2.87,95%CI:1.26-6.53),NIHSS score at admission (OR=1.08,95% CI:1.01-1.14),hemorrhagic transformation (OR=6.71,95% CI:2.21-20.38),cancer (OR=5.04,95% CI:1.43-17.77),and the level of serum creatinine (OR=1.02,95%CI:1.01-1.03).Increased serum cTn in acute ischemic stroke is associated with severe neurological deficits,insular cortex damage and non-neurological diseases.Aacute ischemic stroke patients with increased serum troponin have a more severe prognosis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753935

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in risk factors for cerebral hemorrhage between urban and rural areas in northern China to provide accurate prevention for cerebral hemorrhage in both urban and rural areas. Methods Data was collected from patients over 40 years old in different provinces in northern China, which was further divided into urban and rural groups. Condition matching method was used to analyze the risk factors and to compare these risk factors between urban and rural cerebral hemorrhage and. Results Data from 191,625 people were collected. Among 559 patients with cerebral hemorrhage, there were 251 and 308 patients in urban and rural areas, respectively Hypertension and lack of exercise had a stronger effect on cerebral hemorrhage in rural area [OR 95%CI (9.07,6.25~13.16)vs. (7.67,5.20~11.32)]、 [OR 95% CI (2.18,1.59~2.98)vs. (1.89,1.36~2.62)]. Family history of stroke, diabetes, and excessive overweight had bigger impacts on urban cerebral hemorrhage [OR 95%CI(5.40,3.48~8.36)vs.(5.09,3.37~7.68)]、[OR 95%CI(2.41,1.55~3.75)vs.(1.98,1.21~3.23)]、[OR 95%CI(2.38,1.69~3.35)vs.(1.71,1.26~2.32)]. Conclusions A more precise preventive measures can be developed based on the impact of different risk factors on urban and rural areas

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2326-2334, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780337

ABSTRACT

Based on the ITS2 and psbA-trnHsequences, molecular biological identification and genetic relationship of Fritillaria cirrhosa with its relative species were carried out. In this paper, the PCR-RFLP method specified by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia was performed on all samples at first. Secondly, the ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences of all samples were amplified. Then, the amplified products were used to analyze the genetic distance, construct the phylogenetic tree, assess the identification efficiency, and evaluate the genetic relationship as well. The result showed that all the samples were divided into two groups by PCR-RFLP method. The samples in the first group, including Fritillaria ussuriensis, Fritillaria thunbergii and Fritillaria pallidiflora, could not be digested by SmaI, while the other samples in the second group, including Fritillaria mellea, Fritillaria sinica, Fritillaria cirrhosa var. ecirrhosa Franch, Fritillaria unibracteata var. longinectarea and Fritillaria cirrhosa, could be digested by SmaI. Then, ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences of all samples were obtained. The length of various ITS2 sequences were distributed from 235 to 239 bp, and the average intra- and inter-specific genetic distance were 0.001 and 0.022, respectively. NJ tree showed that all samples were separated into "Northern Fritillaria" group (Fritillaria ussuriensis and Fritillaria pallidiflora) and "Southern Fritillaria" group (Fritillaria thunbergii, Fritillaria mellea, Fritillaria sinica, Fritillaria cirrhosa var. ecirrhosa Franch, Fritillaria unibracteata var. longinectarea and Fritillaria cirrhosa). The latter group could be further divided into Fritillaria thunbergii and Fritillaria cirrhosa subgroup, and the species in Fritillaria cirrhosa subgroup had close phylogenetic relationships. The length of psbA-trnH sequences was distributed from 337 to 373 bp, and the intra- and inter-specific genetic distance were 0.263 and 0.329, respectively. The samples in this paper could not be clustered effectively by NJ tree. This indicated that the ITS2 sequences were not only able to identify Fritillaria cirrhosa with its partial relative species quickly and accurately, but also clarify the relationship between different Fritillaria species. Therefore, it provided an important theoretical foundation for the development of molecular markers, effective protection, and rational development and utilization of Fritillaria resources.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775890

ABSTRACT

The National Certification Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (NCCAOM) is the only national institution for the accreditation of clinical practice of acupuncture and Oriental (Chinese) Medicine in the United States. Its qualification certificate or examination certificate is a mandatory document for 47 states and Washington, D.C. to issue the practice license. According to the latest information of the NCCAOM official website, this paper introduced the preceptor qualifications of the apprenticeship, studying hours, quality control, and the evaluation at the end of apprenticeship. The paper also discussed the enlightening and referential effects of the American system to apprenticeship policy in China.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Certification , China , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Moxibustion , United States
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772795

ABSTRACT

Objectives Medical knowledge extraction (MKE) plays a key role in natural language processing (NLP) research in electronic medical records (EMR), which are the important digital carriers for recording medical activities of patients. Named entity recognition (NER) and medical relation extraction (MRE) are two basic tasks of MKE. This study aims to improve the recognition accuracy of these two tasks by exploring deep learning methods. Methods This study discussed and built two application scenes of bidirectional long short-term memory combined conditional random field (BiLSTM-CRF) model for NER and MRE tasks. In the data preprocessing of both tasks, a GloVe word embedding model was used to vectorize words. In the NER task, a sequence labeling strategy was used to classify each word tag by the joint probability distribution through the CRF layer. In the MRE task, the medical entity relation category was predicted by transforming the classification problem of a single entity into a sequence classification problem and linking the feature combinations between entities also through the CRF layer. Results Through the validation on the I2B2 2010 public dataset, the BiLSTM-CRF models built in this study got much better results than the baseline methods in the two tasks, where the F1-measure was up to 0.88 in NER task and 0.78 in MRE task. Moreover, the model converged faster and avoided problems such as overfitting. Conclusion This study proved the good performance of deep learning on medical knowledge extraction. It also verified the feasibility of the BiLSTM-CRF model in different application scenarios, laying the foundation for the subsequent work in the EMR field.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2080-2088, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773923

ABSTRACT

Background@#Valproic acid (VPA) exposure during pregnancy has been proven to contribute to congenital heart disease (CHD). Our previous findings implied that disruption of planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling pathway in cardiomyocytes might be a factor for the cardiac teratogenesis of VPA. In addition, the teratogenic ability of VPA is positively correlated to its histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition activity. This study aimed to investigate the effect of the VPA on cardiac morphogenesis, HDAC1/2/3, and PCP key genes (Vangl2/Scrib/Rac1), subsequently screening out the specific HDACs regulating PCP pathway.@*Methods@#VPA was administered to pregnant C57BL mice at 700 mg/kg intraperitoneally on embryonic day 10.5. Dams were sacrificed on E15.5, and death/absorption rates of embryos were evaluated. Embryonic hearts were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining to identify cardiac abnormalities. H9C2 cells (undifferentiated rat cardiomyoblasts) were transfected with Hdac1/2/3 specific small interfering RNA (siRNA). Based on the results of siRNA transfection, cells were transfected with Hdac3 expression plasmid and subsequently mock-treated or treated with 8.0 mmol/L VPA. Hdac1/2/3 as well as Vangl2/Scrib/Rac1 mRNA and protein levels were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. Total HDAC activity was detected by colorimetric assay.@*Results@#VPA could induce CHD (P 0.05); VPA exposure dramatically decreased the expression of Vanlg2/Scrib together with Hdac activity (P 0.05).@*Conclusion@#VPA could inhibit Hdac1/2/3, Vangl2/Scrib, or total Hdac activity both in vitro and in vivo and Hdac3 might participate in the process of VPA-induced cardiac developmental anomalies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Polarity , Enzyme Inhibitors , Female , Fetal Heart , Embryology , Heart Defects, Congenital , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors , Histone Deacetylases , Physiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Pregnancy , Rats , Transfection , Valproic Acid
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