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National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 297-303, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689761


<p><b>Objective</b>To study the protective effect of lipoic acid (LA) on the spermatogenic function of the male rats with oligoasthenozoospermia induced by ornidazole (ORN).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy male SD rats were equally randomized into groups A (solvent control: 1 ml 0.5% CMC-Na + 1 ml olive oil), B (low-dose ORN model: 400 mg/kg ORN suspension + 1 ml olive oil), C (low-dose ORN + low-dose LA treatment: 400 mg/kg ORN + 50 mg/kg LA), D (low-dose ORN + high-dose LA treatment: 400 mg/kg ORN + 100 mg/kg LA), E (high-dose ORN model: 800 mg/kg ORN suspension + 1 ml olive oil), F (high-dose ORN + low-dose LA treatment: 800 mg/kg ORN + 50 mg/kg LA), and G (high-dose ORN + high-dose LA treatment: 800 mg/kg ORN + 100 mg/kg LA), and treated respectively for 20 successive days. Then all the rats were sacrificed and the weights of the body, testis, epididymis and seminal vesicle obtained, followed by calculation of the organ index, determination of epididymal sperm concentration and motility, and observation of the histomorphological changes in the testis and epididymis by HE staining.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with group A, group E showed significantly decreased body weight ([117.67 ± 11.53] vs [88.11 ± 12.65] g, P < 0.01) and indexes of the testis ([1.06 ± 0.12] vs [0.65 ± 0.13] %, P < 0.01) and epididymis ([0.21 ± 0.03] vs [0.17 ± 0.01] %, P < 0.01). In comparison with group E, group F exhibited remarkable increases in the epididymal index ([0.17 ± 0.01] vs [0.20 ± 0.02] %, P < 0.01), and so did group G in the body weight ([88.11 ± 12.65] vs [102.70 ± 16.10] g, P < 0.05) and the indexes of the testis ([0.65 ± 0.13] vs [0.95 ± 0.06] %, P < 0.01) and epididymis ([0.17 ± 0.01] vs [0.19 ± 0.02] %, P < 0.05), but no obvious difference was observed in the index of seminal vesicle among different groups. Compared with group A, group B manifested significant decreases in sperm motility ([74.12 ± 8.73] vs [40.25 ± 6.08] %, P < 0.01), and so did group E in sperm count ([38.59 ± 6.40] vs [18.67 ± 4.59] ×105/100 mg, P < 0.01) and sperm motility ([74.12 ± 8.73] vs [27.58 ± 8.43] %, P < 0.01). Sperm motility was significantly lower in group B than in C and D ([40.25 ± 6.08] vs [58.13 ± 7.62] and [76.04 ± 8.44]%, P < 0.01), and so were sperm count and motility in group E than in F and G ([18.67 ± 4.59] vs [25.63 ± 9.66] and [29.92 ± 4.15] ×105/100 mg, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01; [27.58 ± 8.43] vs [36.56 ± 11.08] and [45.05 ± 9.59] %, P < 0.05 and P < 0.01). There were no obvious changes in the histomorphology of the testis and epididymis in groups A, B, C and D. Compared with group A, group E showed necrotic and exfoliated spermatogenic cells with unclear layers and disorderly arrangement in the seminiferous tubules and remarkably reduced sperm count with lots of noncellular components in the epididymal cavity, while groups F and G exhibited increased sperm count in the seminiferous tubules and epididymis lumen, also with exfoliation, unclear layers and disorderly arrangement of spermatogenic cells, but significantly better than in group E.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LA can reduce ORN-induced damage to the spermatogenetic function of rats, improve sperm quality, and protect the reproductive system.</p>

Animals , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Asthenozoospermia , Drug Therapy , Body Weight , Epididymis , Male , Oligospermia , Drug Therapy , Ornidazole , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Seminal Vesicles , Seminiferous Tubules , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa , Testis , Thioctic Acid , Pharmacology
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 717-721, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812889


Objective@#To investigate the value of real-time RNA simultaneous amplification and testing (SAT) in the detection of Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) in the semen of infertile males and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#We collected semen samples from 542 infertility patients and 120 normal fertile men as controls in the Andrology Clinic of Nanjing General Hospital from March to September 2015. We detected UU infection in the samples using the culture method and SAT technology, respectively.@*RESULTS@#All the UU positive cases (except 4 false positive cases) detected by the culture method were also shown to be positive in SAT. The UU detection rate of SAT was significantly higher than that of the culture method both in the infertility patients (54.1 vs 19.7%, P<0.05) and in the normal controls (42.5 vs 12.5%, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SAT is a rapid and accurate method for detecting UU infection in semen samples, with a higher sensitivity and accuracy than the culture method, and it can also be used to evaluate the therapeutic effects. However, the culture method has its own advantages, such as low requirement of technical equipment, easy operation, and possibility of drug sensitivity test at the same time. Therefore, SAT and the culture method can be used alternatively according to the clinical need.

Andrology , Humans , Infertility, Male , Microbiology , Male , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , RNA, Bacterial , Semen , Chemistry , Microbiology , Semen Analysis , Ureaplasma Infections , Diagnosis , Ureaplasma urealyticum , Genetics
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 206-211, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812785


Objective@#To investigate the improving effect of astaxanthin (AST) on the sperm quality of rats with ornidazole (ORN)-induced oligoasthenozoospermiaand its action mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty adult male SD rats were equally randomized into groups A (solvent control), B (low-dose ORN [400 mg/(kg·d)]), C (high-dose ORN [800 mg/(kg·d)]), D (low-dose ORN [400 mg/(kg·d)] + AST [20 mg/(kg·d)]), and E (high-dose ORN [800 mg/(kg·d)] + AST [20 mg/(kg·d)]), all treated intragastrically for3 weeks.After treatment, the epididymal tails ononeside was taken for determination of sperm concentration and activity, and the epididymideson the other side harvested for measurement of the activities of GSH-Px, GR, CAT and SOD and the MDA contentin the homogenate.@*RESULTS@#Compared with group A, sperm motilityin the epididymal tail andGSH-Px and SOD activities in theepididymiswere markedly decreased while the MDAcontent significantlyincreased in group B (P<0.05), spermmotility and concentrationin the epididymal tail, testisindex, and the activities of GSH-Px, GR, CAT and SOD in the epididymis were remarkably reduced while theMDA contentsignificantly increased in group C(P<0.05). In comparison with group B, group D showed markedly increased sperm motility ([45.3±8.7]% vs [66.3±8.9]%, P<0.05) in the epididymal tail and SOD activity in the epididymis ([116.7±25.3] U/mg prot vs [146.1±23.8] U/mg prot, P<0.05), decreased MDA content([1.68±0.45] nmol/mg prot vs [1.19±0.42] nmol/mg prot, P<0.05).Compared with group C, group Eexhibited significant increases in the weight gained ([89.0±9.5] vs [99.9±4.1] %, P<0.05) and sperm motility ([17.9±3.5]% vs [27.3±5.3] %, P<0.05) but a decrease in the content of MDA ([2.03±0.30] nmol/mg prot vs [1.52±0.41] nmol/mg prot, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#AST can improve spermquality in rats with ORN-inducedoligoasthenozoospermia, which may be associated with its enhancing effect on the antioxidant capacity of the epididymis.

Animals , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Asthenozoospermia , Epididymis , Metabolism , Male , Oligospermia , Ornidazole , Oxidative Stress , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Radiation-Sensitizing Agents , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa , Metabolism , Xanthophylls , Pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812540


Marsdeniae tenacissimae extract (MTE), commonly known as Xiao-Ai-Ping in China, is a traditional Chinese herb medicine capable of inhibiting proliferation and metastasis and boosting apoptosis in various cancer cells. However, little is known about the contribution of MTE towards tumor angiogenesis and the underlying mechanism. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of MTE on the proliferation and apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and the molecular mechanism. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfopheny)-2H-tetrazolium, inner salt (MTS) and PI-stained flow cytometry assays revealed that MTE dose-dependently reduced the proliferation of HUVECs by arresting cell cycle at S phase (P < 0.05). Annexin V-FITC/PI-stained flow cytometry confirmed that MTE (160 μL·L) enhanced the apoptosis of HUVECs significantly (P < 0.001). Real-time quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analyses showed an increase in Bax expression and a sharply decline in Bcl-2 expression; caspase-3 was activated simultaneously in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05). Further study observed the dose-dependent down-regulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2 (VEGFR-2), P2Y6 receptor (P2Y6R), and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL-2), along with the activation of PKC Δ and up-regulation of p53 in a dose-dependent manner in MTE-treated selected cells (P < 0.05). Collectively, the results from the present study suggested that MTE suppressed the proliferation by attenuating CCL-2-mediated VEGF/VEGFR2 interactions and promoted the apoptosis through PKCΔ-induced p53-dependent mitochondrial pathway in HUVECs, supporting that MTE may be developed as a potent anti-cancer medicine.

Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Marsdenia , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Protein Kinase C , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Genetics , Metabolism
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-252166


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the physiologic indexes, yield and the contents of alkaloids of Fritillaria cirrhosa D. Don under different temperature.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The growth temperatures (15, 20, 25, 30 degrees C) of F. cirrhosa were controlled by using artificial climate, the growth was observed, the contents of chlorophyll a and b, soluble sugar, MAD, proline of the leaves of F. cirrhosa were tested, and the yield and the alkaloids content of the bulbs were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The growth period of F. cirrhosa under 15, 20 degrees C were appropriately extended. The difference of the content of leaves chlorophyll b under four temperatures and the contents of total chlorophyll and chlorophyll a under 15, 20, 30 degrees C were not significant. The contents of soluble sugar, MAD and proline of leaves and the growth ratio, dry weight and content of alkaloids of bulb increased with the temperature decrease.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Higher temperature is not suitable for the growth of F. cirrhosa. Under the relatively lower temperature, the growth period of F. cirrhosa extended, the bulb can grow properly, and the content of alkaloid increased. F. cirrhosa can improve its cold tolerance by increasing the content of proline and soluble sugar, and it also can maintain the normal content of chlorophyll under the lower temperature.</p>

Alkaloids , Metabolism , Fritillaria , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Temperature