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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 15-21, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of the combined anteversion angle technique in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for treating ankylosing spondylitis (AS) affecting the hip joint.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 73 patients with AS affecting the hip joint who underwent THA between August 2018 and August 2021. According to whether the combined anteversion angle technique was used in THA, the patients were divided into study group (37 cases, combined anteversion angle technique was used in THA) and control group (36 cases, traditional THA). There was no significant difference in baseline data such as gender, age, body mass index, disease duration, preoperative Harris score, range of motion (ROM), acetabular anteversion angle, acetabular abduction angle, femoral anteversion angle, and combined anteversion angle between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time, hospital stay, and complications of the two groups were recorded and compared. The Harris score and hip ROM were compared between the two groups before operation, at 1, 3, 6, 12 months after operation, and at last follow-up. The acetabular component anteversion angle, femoral component anteversion angle, acetabular component abduction angle, and component combined anteversion angle were measured postoperatively.@*RESULTS@#The operation time in the study group was significantly shorter than that in the control group ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in hospital stay between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no intraoperative complication such as acetabular and proximal femoral fractures, neurovascular injuries in both groups, and the incisions healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 2-3 years, with an average of 2.4 years; there was no significant difference in the follow-up time between the two groups ( P>0.05). During the follow-up period, there was no complication such as hip dislocation, wound infection, delayed wound healing, deep venous thrombosis, and hip dislocation in both groups. The hip Harris score and ROM of the two groups gradually increased with time after operation, and the differences were significant when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05); the above two indicators of the study group were significantly better than those of the control group at each time point after operation ( P<0.05). Extensive bone ingrowth on the surface of the components could be observed in the anteroposterior X-ray films of the hip joint of the two groups at 12 months after operation, and the acetabular components was stable without femoral stem subsidence, osteolysis around the components, and heterotopic ossification. At last follow-up, the acetabular component anteversion angle, femoral component anteversion angle, and component combined anteversion angle in the study group were significantly superior to those in the control group ( P<0.05), except that there was no significant difference in the acetabular component abduction angle between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with AS affecting the hip joint, the use of the combined anteversion angle technique during THA effectively promotes the recovery of hip joint function and enhances the postoperative quality of life of patients when compared to traditional THA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Dislocation/surgery , Spondylitis, Ankylosing/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome , Hip Joint/surgery , Hip Prosthesis
2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1215-1221, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803032

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of acetabular coverage on the initial stability of the cup during total hip arthroplasty in developmental dysplasia of hip.@*Methods@#There were 50 fourth-generation synthetic hemi-pelvises. The different cup coverage rate (100% group, 70% group, 60% group, 50% group, 40% group) was created in pelvis with 10 specimens per group. The synthetic hemi-pelvis was fixed rigidly to a customized fixture which was placed on the testing table of the material testing machine. Pull-out and torque test were conducted by computer-control in torsion testing machine.@*Results@#In the acetabular cup pull-out test, the average pull-out force for mode of failure in 100%, 70%, 60%, 50%, and 40% group was 1 560.4±438.7, 1 467.2±349.8, 1 137.8±427.4, 737.4±134.8, 506.6±119.0 N, respectively. The pull-out force was reduced gradually. The pull-out force in 100% group was significantly higher than that in 50% (P=0.004) and 40% (P=0.001) group. The pull-out force in 70% group was significantly higher than that in 50% group (P=0.002) and 40% group (P=0.000). The force in 40% group was significantly lower than that in 60% group (P=0.013) and 50% group (P=0.021). In the acetabular cup torque test, the average torque for mode of failure in 100%, 70%, 60%, 50%, and 40% group was 28.0±3.7, 17.0±2.2, 9.4±1.1, 7.6±1.1, 6.4±1.1 N·m, respectively. The torque was reduced gradually. The torque in 100% group was significantly higher than that in other groups (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between 50% and 40% group (P>0.05). The torque in other groups were similar (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#The present biomechanical study showed that different acetabular cup coverage rate affected the initial stability of the cup. The highest initial stability was observed in the cup with a 100% of cup coverage rate. The cup could not obtain 100% coverage when with acetabular rim defect. We should try our best to make the cup coverage reach to 70%. The 70% coverage rate has sufficient initial stability to meet daily activities without increasing the cup loosening rate.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 641-649, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708582

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of periprosthetic acetabular fracture in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to discuss the prevention and management.Methods A total of 1 023 patients (1 168 hips) undergoing THA were retrospectively analyzed between January 2012 and June 2015.There were 421 males (507 hips) and 602 females (661 hips),aged from 23 to 96 years with mean age of 64.2± 15.0 years.Primary total hip arthroplasty was conducted in 1 053 hips,while revision surgery was conducted in 115 hips.The reasons of periprosthetic acetabular fracture were summarized.Age,gender,BMI,primary disease,left or right sides,surgical approach,osteoporosis,prosthetic type,the coverage rate of acetabulum-bone,and the amount of surgical operation annually were compared between non-fracture and fracture.Risk factors associated with the fracture were analyzed using chi square test followed by a multivariate logistic regression.Furthermore,revision surgery was compared with primary THA using chi square test.Results The incidence of intraoperative periprosthetic acetabular fractures was 2.8% (33/1 168).The incidence of fracture was higher in revision surgery than that in primary THA (6.1% vs.2.5%).Multivariate logistic regression showed that primary disease (developmental dysplasia of the hip and rheumatoid arthritis),osteoporosis,uncemented acetabular cup,the high-er coverage rate of acetabulum-bone,and the less amount of surgical operation annually were prone to appear periprosthetic acetabular fracture in primary THA.Among the 33 patients with acetabular fractures,13 cases (39.4%,13/33) were found intraoperatively and 20 cases (60.6%,20/33) postoperatively.Acetabular wall fractures were in 26 (78.8%,26/33),column fractures in 2 (6.1%,2/33),transverse fractures in 2 (6.1%,2/33) and quadrilateral surface fractures with prosthetic central dislocation in 3 (9.1%,3/33).Seven cases of 26 stable fractures and 6 cases of 7 unstable fractures were found intraoperatively.Acetabular wall fractures were fixed by additional augmentation screws or accepted no special treatment,and column fractures were fixed with plate.One quadrilateral surface fracture was accepted revision surgery using Jumbo cup,2 quadrilateral surface fractures and 2 transverse fractures with reconstruction cage.The patients were followed up for 42.3±13.7 months (range 29-60 months).The Harris hip score was 83.3±6.6 (range 72-94) at last follow-up.No complication,such as hip dislocation,osteolysis,and prosthetic loosening was reported.Conclusion Most of periprosthetic acetabular fiactures are wall fractures which could not endanger the periprosthetic stability.The detection rate of acetabular stable fracture is lower than that of unstable fracture in operation.Primary disease (developmental dysplasia of the hip and rheumatoid arthritis),osteoporosis,uncemented acetabular cup,the higher coverage rate of aeetabulum-bone,the less amount of surgical operation annually are the intraoperative risk factors which closely related to acetabular fractures of primary THA.The risk of intraoperative periprosthetic acetabular fractures in revision THA is higher than that in primary THA.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 921-928, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611996

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the technique and clinical results of the modular fluted tapered stems for treating periprosthetic femoral fractures in revision hip arthroplasty.Methods From August 2007 to February 2014,fourteen patients (14hips) with periprosthetic femoral fractures underwent revision hip arthroplasty with modular fluted tapered stem.A retrospective analysis was performed involving all patients who were followed-up more than 2 years.The subjects consisted of 4 males and 10 females with mean age of 73.4±6.6 years (range,62-82 years) at the time of revision.All patients were unilateral with 8 left hips and 6 right hips.The status of primary arthroplasty was bipolar hemiarthroplasty in 3 patients and total hip arthroplasty in 11 patients.Nine cases were with cemented stems,5 cases with uncemented stems.The interval from primary hip arthroplasty to revision surgery ranged from 40 to 163 months,with an average of 120.9±31.9 months.Eight cases with Vancouver type B3 periprosthetic femoral fracture were found preoperatively,6 cases with aseptic loosening and bone deficiency occurred periprosthetic femoral fracture during the operation.Based on the Paprosky classification system for femoral bone deficiency:type ⅢA in 8 hips,type ⅢB in 5 hips,type Ⅳ in 1 hip.Both the femoral and the acetabular components were revised in 9 patients.All femoral fractures were treated with cable fixation,and the cortical allograft struts were used to augment femoral bone stock in 7 patients.The patients were followed up at 6 weeks,3 months,6 months,9 months,12 months and annually thereafter.Harris Hip Score System and radiographic examination was used to evaluate the clinical results,including fracture union,implant stability,bone stock,hip joint function and postoperative complications.Results The mean duration of follow-up was 62.1 ±22.2 months (range,30-96 months).The mean times of fracture union were 6.2±2.5 months (range,3-12 months).The Harris Hip Score improved from 29.6± 10.3 preoperatively to 86.3±4.2 postoperatively (t=-21.6,P=0.00).Thirteen cases (93%,13/14) had the stem subsidence of 4.9±2.5 mm (range,0-9 mm).Thirteen cases (93%,13/14) were presented with femoral bony restoration.Two cases showed incorporation of the allograft in 7 patients.One patient developed deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs,and one suffered from subcutaneous hematomas after surgery.There was no infection,aseptic loosening,dislocation or periprosthetic fracture complications at the followup.Conclusion The short-medium term results of the modular fluted tapered prosthesis applied in periprosthetic femoral fractures are encouraging in revision hip arthroplasty.The present technology can provide reliable primary stability and can tolerate minimal subsidence postoperatively.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1449-1457, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664559

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the mid-or long-term clinical outcomes of the structural bone graft of superolateral acetabulum in total hip arthroplasty (THA) for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).Methods Thirty-three patients with DDH (33 hips) were treated by THA with the structural bone graft of superolateral acetabulum technique between April 2002 and December 2011.There were 28 females and 5 males with the mean age at surgery 54.0±14.5 years (21-76 years).The degree of dislocation was graded preoperatively as Crowe Ⅱ in 12 patients,Crowe Ⅲ in 8 patients,and Crowe Ⅳ in 13 patients.The following outcomes were assessed,Harris hip score (HHS),the leg-length discrepancy,the height and horizontal distance of center of hip rotation,rate of cup coverage,the coverage ratio of bone graft,periprosthetic osteolysis,bone ingrowth,and cup loosening.Results The average follow-up was 9.3±3.3 years (5-15 years).The HHS improved from 40.9±13.7 preoperatively to 93.6±7.8 at the final follow-up (t=21.483,P=0.000).The leg-length discrepancy decreased from 24.2± 17.1 mm pre-operatively to 3.7±3.5 mm at postoperative 3 months (t=6.747,P=0.000).The height and horizontal distance of center of hip rotation decreased from preoperative 45.9±16.0 mm and 42.9±8.7 mm to postoperative 23.8±5.8 mm and 23.6±2.9 mm (t=7.460,P=0.000;t=12.090,P=0.000) at postoperative 3 days,respectively.The cup coverage and coverage ratio of bone graft was 100% and 27.1%±6.9%,respectively.All grafts appeared to be incorporated without evidence of resorption and collapse.The mean time of incorporation was 7.6 ± 2.8 months.The coverage ratio of bone graft >25% have a significantly long time of incorporation than that <25% (9.4±2.3 months versus 6.3±2.4 months,t=5.357,P=0.000).At the final follow-up,all hips showed bone ingrowth fixation of the acetabular cup and stem.Five hips showed osteolysis,two hips in acetabular zone Ⅱ,three hips in femur zone Ⅰ and five hips in femur zone Ⅶ.The main complications were intraoperative femoral fractures (61%) without neurological damage,nonunion and dislocation.Conclusion The structural bone graft of superolateral acetabulum in THA for DDH can achieve satisfactory mid-or long-term outcomes.The superolateral acetabular deficiency can be reconstructed by bone graft.The bone graft coverage less than 25% is conducive to fusion of bone graft and acetabular bone.However,intraoperative femoral fracture is common complication.

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3072-3079, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616900

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: With the rapid development of surgical techniques, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty has become an issue of concern in the treatment of osteoarthritis, which has achieved significant progress inreducing trauma and rapid rehabilitation.OBJECTIVE: To summarize the development history, curative effect of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, and the research progress of lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty aided with computer navigation or robot system, thus providing reference for further study on unicompartmental knee arthroplasty.METHODS: Web of Science, and PubMed databases were searched for the literatures published from January 1955 to April 2017 with the keywords of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, osteoarthritis, unilateral compartment, lateral knee arthroplasty.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A total of 562 articles were retrieved, and finally 75 English literatures were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. With the continuous improvement of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty, it can retain the cruciate ligament and more bone mass. Notably, strict indications and reasonable postoperative functional exercise are essential for obtaining optimal effectiveness. At the same time, the development of computer navigation and robot-assisted technology has opened up a new horizon for the treatment of osteoarthritis,which makes the operation more accurate and minimally invasive. But the application still needs to be studied in depth.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 3622-3627, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615007

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:The use of cemented or uncemented hemiarthroplasty for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly remains controversial.Therefore,it is necessary to conduct a comparative study on the effectiveness and safety of these two methods.OBJECTIVE:To compare the clinical efficacy of cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty for unstable intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly.METHODS:Clinical data of 93 elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures in Department of Orthopedics,Shandong Energy Zaozhuang Mining Group General Hospital from May 2009 to May 2014 were analyzed retrospectively.All patients were divided into cemented (cemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty for fractures,n=54) and uncemented (uncemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty for fractures,n=39) groups.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) The amounts of postoperative drainage and blood transfusion in the cemented group were significantly less than those in the uncemented group (P < 0.05),but the operation time was significantly longer (P < 0.05).(2) There were no significant differences in the intraoperative blood loss,ambulation time,hospitalization time,postoperative complications,hip function,and mortality at 3 and 12 months postoperatively between two groups (P > 0.05).(3) Postoperative X-ray showed that all patients had good prosthesis position.There were 10 patients (3 cases in the cemented group,7 cases in the uncemented group) with postoperative prosthesis subsidence,but all of them were less than 3 mm.(4) None of patients had heterotopic ossification,osteolysis around the prosthesis and acetabular cartilage wear during follow-up.Additionally,25 patients (16 cases in the cement group,9 cases in the uncement group) died during follow-up,without prosthesis loosening,and the remaining 68 patients were followed up for 2-7 years,(4.5±2.3) years on average,and none needed revision because of prosthesis loosening.(5) These results indicate that for senile unstable intertrochanteric fractures,both cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty can achieve satisfactory curative effectiveness and exhibits good safety.Notably,the cemented prosthesis has advantages in reducing postoperative drainage volume and blood transfusion.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7836-7843, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508708

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Ethyl linoleate has been proved to attenuate the inflammatory-cytokines release induced by lipopolysaccharide, but whether it can inhibit titanium-induced osteolysis and the underlying mechanism remain unclear. OBJECTIVE:To observe the effect of ethyl linoleate on the expression of inflammatory-related factors induced by titanium particles and explore its mechanism. METHODS:Forty-eight Kunming mice were randomly divided into blank control, titanium, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and experimental groups. The back air pouch Inflammatory models were established in the mice of the titanium, DMSO and experimental groups, in which the 200 μL menstruum of DMSO (0.5%) and 200 μL ethyl linoleate (0.5%) were respectively administered into the pouch of the mice at 12 hours. Mice in the blank control group received no intervention. Fourteen days later, the inflammatory cel infiltration in the skin was examined through hematoxylin-eosin staining;the expression levels of inhibitorκB-α, nuclear factor-κB, inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-αand interleukin-6 as wel as ERK, p-ERK, JNK, p-JNK, p38 and p-p38 in MAPK signaling pathways were evaluated by western blot assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:In the titanium group and DMSO group, there were numerous inflammatory cel s and vacuole-like necrotic tissues in the hair fol icle lacuna of dermis and loose connective tissues of hypodermis. The experiment group showed significant reduction in inflammatory cel infiltration and vacuole-like necrosis. Compared with the blank control group, the expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, nuclear factor-κB, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, ERK, JNK and p38 in the DMSO and titanium groups were significantly increased, while inhibitorκB-αsignificantly decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the DMSO and titanium groups, there were significantly down-regulated levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, nuclear factor-κB, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, ERK, JNK and p38, and up-regulated inhibitorκB-αlevel in the experimental group (P<0.05). In conclusion, ethyl linoleate can remarkably suppress the expressions of titanium-induced inflammatory factors associated with the inhibition of nuclear factor-κB and MAPK signaling pathway activation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1175-1184, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502026

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiology,mechanisms of injury,type of fracture,clinical and radiological feature of acetabular fractures in patients aged 60 years and older.Methods Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with acetabular fractures between Janurary 1990 and December 2013 in Orthopaedic Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University.According to certain inclusion and exclusion criteria,a total of 637 patients (637 hips) with acetabular fractures were included in the study.The patients were divided into 2 group acetabular fractures in elderly (≥60 years) and acetabular fractures in younger patients (< 60 years).Analysis of mechanism of injury,fracture pattern,the annual incidence of fracture,radiological features,associated injuries.Results 133 patients were ≥60 years and the remaining 504 were < 60 years.We identified a significant increase in the incidence of elderly with acetabular fractures between 1990 and 2013 (6.7% in 1990 vs.40.0% in 2013).The incidence of associated injuries were significant lower in the elderly than younger (27.1% vs.48.8%).The most common mechanism of injury in the elderly was a fall (36.1%),but this accounted for only 0.2% of the younger with fractures.The incidence of anterior wall,anterior column,anterior and posterior hemitransverse were significant higher in the elderly than younger.The incidence of radiological features were significant higher in the elderly than younger,including quadrilateral plate fracture,Gull sign,anterior dislocation of hip,femoral head injury,comminuted posterior wall fracture and posterior wall marginal impaction,except posterior dislocation of hip which was significant lower in the elderly than younger.Conclusion There was an increasing trend of the proportion of elderly in acetabular fractures and the mean age of patients with fractures during the period of study.The older had a different incidence of associated injuries,mechanism of injury,fracture pattern,and radiological features compared with the younger.

10.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1081-1088, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487337

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The main reason for the postoperative loosening of cemented prosthesis is interfacial debonding and bone cement internal damage. Most studies have suggested that both of them occur in the process of fatigue damage, however, little is reported on primary loading that results in the initial damage to the bone cement-stem interface and inside of bone cement. OBJECTIVE: To study the mechanical properties of bone cement-stem interface, and the effect of crack formation in bone cement on interfacial loosening. METHODS: The cement-titanium al oy handle implant components were prepared. The maximum adhesive force of bone cement-stem interface was measured using push-in experiment. The cement damage and crack in the process of bone cement-handle interfacial debonding were monitored online using acoustic emission tester. The non-destructive testing on the metal surface and the inner layer of bone cement cylinder was conducted using three-dimensional surface profiler, ultrasonic microscopy and X-ray detector. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The online monitoring results of debonding experiment and acoustic emission tester demonstrated that the initial damage of bone cement initiated in the primary loading of patients after operation, rather than at fatigue damage stage. Bone cement coffin caused cracks initiation mainly due to the combination effect of radial and axial stress. The bone cement-stem interfacial shear lag effect could not prevent the gradual extension of interface and inner coffin crack from top to bottom. The bone cement defects formed in solidification process was likely to affect the mechanical properties of the material, and eventual y induced the crystal face and macromolecular chain fractures, forming silver striated cracks and leading component failure.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 1759-1765, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485615

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Currently, there are few researches on the effect of punicalagin on the formation and differentiation of osteoclasts, and fewer researches on the mechanism of bone resorption diseases induced by wear particles. OBJECTIVE: To establish a model of titanium particles induced mouse monocyte/macrophage cel line (RAW264.7) differentiating into osteoclasts and to observe the effect of different concentrations of punicalagins on osteoclast proliferation and differentiation. METHODS: Mouse monocyte/macrophage cel lines (RAW264.7) were divided into five groups, cultured in the culture medium of common (blank group), 0.1 g/L titanium particle suspension, 0.1 g/L titanium particle suspension with 25 μmol/L punicalagins, 0.1 g/L titanium particle suspension with 50 μmol/L punicalagins, 0.1 g/L titanium particle suspension with 100 μmol/L punicalagins, respectively. The cel proliferative activity was detected by cel counting kit-8 assay at 1, 3 and 5 days. At 5 days after culture, number of osteoclasts was measured by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining, the phosphorylation of IκBα and NF-κB p65 was detected by western blot assay, the mRNA expressions of nuclear factor of activated Tc1, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and matrix metaloproteinase-9 were measured by reverse transcription-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Compared with control group, titanium particles and different concentrations of punicalagin had no effect on the proliferation of RAW264.7 cels (P > 0.05). The number of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining -positive cels, the phosphorylation of IκBα and NF-κB p65 as wel as the mRNA expressions of nuclear factor of activated Tc1, tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and matrix metaloproteinase-9 were significantly increased compared with those of control group (P < 0.05,P < 0.01). And punicalagins in a concentration-dependent manner decreased the expression of the above indicators. These results indicate that punicalagin can inhibit osteoclast formation and differentiation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 5852-5858, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503487

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has been successful y used in the field of joint replacement, fracture fixation and spinal implant, but the potential of 3D printing technology in the field of surgery for ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament of cervical spine remains to be discussed. OBJECTIVE:To determine the application value of a 3D printing model in the selection of anterior and posterior surgical decompression for cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. METHODS:A retrospective analysis was carried out involving 15 patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament col ected by computed tomography (CT) and printed by a 3D model pre-operatively between October 2014 and October 2015 in Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University. There were isolated type (n=2), segmental type (n=6), continuous type (n=4), and combined type (n=3). The application value of a 3D printer model in patients with ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament was evaluated by Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, Visual Analog Scale scores, symptoms, and imaging data 1 month pre-operatively, 1 month post-operatively, and at the final fol ow-up. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Al 15 patients underwent successful treatment of cervical spine decompression surgery and were fol owed up for 4-16 months. The post-operative symptoms were relieved more significantly than the pre-operative symptoms. Using the posterior approach for cervical spinal surgery, 1 patient had incision fat necrosis and healed after negative pressure drainage. (2) Japanese Orthopedic Association scores 1 month pre-operatively, 1 month post-operatively, and at the final fol ow-up were 9.0±1.6, 11.7±1.8, and 15.5±1.4, respectively;the differences were statistical y significant (P<0.05). Visual Analog Scale scores 1 month pre-operatively, 1 month post-operatively, and at the final fol ow-up were 6.7±2.5, 2.13±1.4, and 1.4±0.5, respectively;the difference was statistical y significant (P<0.05). (3) The imaging results at fol ow-up showed that the anterior interbodies were fused, and the pivot of the posterior operation was healed wel without a re-closing phenomenon. (4) A 3D printer model was shown to be beneficial in observing the characteristics of cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament, performing the pre-operative evaluation, and simulating the surgical procedure. There was value for the choice of operative approach.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 362-368, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418688

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of diphosphonate on expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9) and cathepsin K(CK) in subchondral bone of unstable rabbit knee joints.Methods Fifty male New Zealand white rabbits were divided randomly into three groups according to random digits table:the control group (n=10),the model group (n=20).the diphosphonate group (n=20).Hulth model of unstable rabbit knee joint was achieved in the right knee joint.Ten rabbits from the diphosphonate group and 5 rabbits from the control group were sacrificed by aeroembolism at the second and tenth week postoperatively,respectively.Then the medial femoral condyles of the right knee were harvested.Specimens were processed for immunohistochemical analysis of MMP-9 and CK.Results Cells with expression of MMP-9 and CK could be found in the three groups at the second and tenth week after operation.Compared with the control group,there was a significant increase in the number of cells with expression of MMP-9 and CK in model group at the second and tenth week after operation.Diphosphonate could inhibit expression of MMP-9 and CK in cells.Compared with the model group,the number of cells with expression of MMP-9 and CK in diphosphonate group was fewer; there was a statistical significance between them.Conclusion Diphosphonate can inhibit the expression of MMP-9 and CK in subchondral bone of unstable rabbit knee joints,which can resist the bone resorption and protect articular cartilage.

14.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-545257

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To study the effect of femoral offset and hip joint center on joint function after total hip replacement,radiographic measurements were taken postoperation.[Method]A series of 92 hip joints(87 patients)were followed up.The average follow up priod was 25 monthes.The femoral offset and the position of the prothesis head center were measured in the orthophoric hip joint X-ray photograph and were compared with anatomic Fo and HJC.H arris evaluation system was used to evaluate joint function in four groups.The results were statistically analyzed,with Fisher' exact probability and P value less than 0.05 indicating significant difference.[Result]The coincidence rate of group A(both FO and HJC,27 hips)was 29.35%,group B(only Fo,23 hips)25.00%,group C(only HJC,31 hips)33.70%,group D(neither FO nor HJC,11 hips)11.96%.93.0% patients got the Harris score more than 80 for group A,73.19%(group B),74.19%(group C),27.27%(group D).The difference of Harris evaluation between A and B,A and C,A and D was significant statistically.[Conclusion]Based on the results of the study,the recovery of femoral offset and hip joint center should be considered to contribute to the healing effect after total hip replacement directly.

15.
Orthopedic Journal of China ; (24)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543810

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To explore the effect of hip joint center on the stability of hip joint,the radiographic measurements were compared between preoperation and postoperation.[Method]A total of 155 hips from 120 patients with primary total hip replacement from resent years were studied,the hip joint center difference through radiographic measurements between preoperation and postoperation were compared.[Result]The coincident rate and the incoincident rate were 63.23%(group A,98 hips) and 36.77%(group B,57 hips) respectively.For loose,dislocation or low back pain,the rate of revision in group A and group B were 6.12% and 29.82% respectively.[Conclusion]The comeback of hip joint center was essential for stability of hip joint.

16.
Chinese Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; (12)2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-590479

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis(MIPPO) for the treatment of tibial fracture. Methods From August 2005 to January 2007,a total of 26 patients with tibial fracture were treated with MIPPO in our hospital.Among the patients,the facture was located at the proximal tibia in 8,the distal tibia in 7,and the shaft in 11.Results The incision size was 4.0-8.5 cm with a mean of 6.6 cm;the intraoperative blood loss ranged from 80 to 400 ml(mean,180 ml);and the operation lasted 40-120 minutes(mean,87 minutes).The swelling subsided 1-6 days after the operation(mean,2.5 days).All the incisions healed primarily.The patients were followed up for 6 month on average(3 to 15 months).The fractures healed in 3-13 months(mean,4.2) after the operation.No complications,including delayed incision healing,incision infection,parenchymal necrosis,bone exposure,delayed union,and non-union,occurred in the series.According to the Johner-Wruhs criteria,the knee and ankle functions were excellent in 19 patients,good in 4,fair in 2,and poor in 1.Conclusions The MIPPO provides biological fixation and results in minimal parenchymal injury in patients with tibial fracture.By using the technique,the patients recover quickly with few complications and mild reaction to the trauma.The method is an optimal approach that is worth being promoted.

17.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 220-222, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409954

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The proper placement of the prosthesis during total knee arthroplasty(TKA) is a key factor that will affect the restored function of the knee.OBJECTIVE: To probe into the position and axial alignment of the tibial prosthesis in order to improve knee function and stability after TKA.DESIGN: A self-control study.SETTING: Orthopaedic department in the affiliated hospital of a university.PARTICIPANTS: A total of 12 patients(4 males and 8 females) received TKA due to severe osteoarthropathy or rheumatic arthritis in the Orthopaedic Departnent of the Affiliated Hospital, Xuzhou Medical College, from May 1999 to September 2004. One received bilateral TKA and 11 received unilateral TKA(4 in the left knee and 9 in the right knee).METHODS: TKA was performed in standard procedure and special attention was paid to the proper placement of the tibial prosthesis. Evaluation on lateral genual stability and HSS knee function was made before and after operation.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Lateral genual stability before and after TKA. ② Genual function scale ( concerning pain, function, range of motion, muscle strength, flexion deformity and stability).③X-ray observation.RESULTS: Knee-Society-Scores were evaluated in the 12 patients. Before TKA, 3 knees had mild lateral instability, 7 moderates and 2 severe instabilitys. After TKA, only one knee was mildly unstable and no knee had moderate or severe instability. The mean scores of HSS scale increased from 41 before operation to 89 after operation with the effective rate of 91.7% (11/12).CONCLUSION: The precise placement of tibial prosthesis can increase stability of the knee and relieve pain as well as improve knee function and motion.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684486

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of external fixators in the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures( Tile B and Tile C ). Methods The different results of 78 patients who had been treated with or without external fixator were compared. Results In 38 cases who were treated without external fixator, the cure rate for hemorrhagic shock was 76%, the mortality 10.6%, and the average ISS score 11.6. In 40 cases who were treated with external fixator, the cure rate for hemorrhagic shock was 90%, the mortality 2.5%, and the average ISS score 9.8. Conclusion The treatment of unstable pelvic fracture with external fixator is simple and reliable, and can reduce the mortality significantly.

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