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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate awareness of digestive system injury caused by corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in gastroenterologists.@*Methods@#From February 21 to 23 in 2020, the electronic questionnaire was sent out to explore the condition of the basic knowledge of COVID-19 and knowledge of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 grasped by gastroenterologists. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#A total of 2 216 gastroenterologists from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities nationwide completed the survey. 99.7% (2 209/2 216) of gastroenterologists stated that they had read the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The percentage of physicians who well knew the diagnostic criteria of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 34.9% (774/2 216) and 39.4% (874/2 216), respectively. The percentage of physician who gave the right answer of COVID-19 detectable methods and lung imaging was 68.4% (1 516/2 216) and 71.6% (1 586/2 216), respectively. The percentage of correct answer of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 in residents, attending physicians, associate chief physicians and chief physicians was 30.9% (134/433), 33.9% (234/691), 32.4% (213/657) and 34.9% (152/435), respectively, however there were no statistically significant differences among physicians of different level (χ2=6.60, P> 0.05). 95.6% (2 119/2 216) of gastroenterologists believed that probiotics could effectively improve bowel function, and 94.0% (2 082/2 216) of gastroenterologists considered that enteral nutrition support could improve patients’ prognosis.@*Conclusions@#The knowledge and dynamic progress of the digestive system injury caused of COVID-19 are still insufficiently grasped by gastroenterologists in China. So it is necessary to carry out systematic and pertinent training for them.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 162-166, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the awareness of digestive system injury caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in gastroenterologists.Methods:From February 21 to 23 in 2020, the electronic questionnaire was used to learn about the condition of the basic knowledge of COVID-19 and awareness of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 among the gastroenterologists across the country. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 2 216 gastroenterologists from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities nationwide completed the survey. 99.7% (2 209/2 216) of gastroenterologists stated that they had read the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The percentages of physicians who knew clearly about the diagnostic criteria of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 34.9% (774/2 216) and 39.4% (874/2 216), respectively. The percentages of physician who gave the right answers of COVID-19 detectable methods and pulmonary imaging was 68.4% (1 516/2 216) and 71.6% (1 586/2 216), respectively. The percentages of correct answers of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 were physicians and chief physicians was 30.9% (134/433) in residents, 33.9% (234/691) attending physicians, 32.4% (213/657) associated chief physicians and 34.9% (152/435) chief physicians, respectively, however there were no statistically significant differences among physicians with different professional titles ( χ2=6.60, P> 0.05). 95.6% (2 119/2 216) of gastroenterologists believed that probiotics could effectively improve bowel function, and 94.0% (2 082/2 216) of gastroenterologists considered that enteral nutrition support could improve patients’ prognosis. Conclusions:The knowledge and dynamic progress of the digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 are still insufficiently grasped by gastroenterologists in China. So it is necessary to carry out systematic and pertinent training programmes for them.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) patients in China from 2009 to 2018.Methods:Studies published from January 2009 to December 2018 were searched in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases by using " autoimmune pancreatitis" , " immune pancreatitis" and " IgG related pancreatitis" as search items, respectively. One hundred and ten articles were finally included, and a total of 2 364 AIP patients were involved. The gender, age, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, radiological examination, treatment and prognosis of these AIP patients were analyzed and summarized.Results:Among the 2 364 AIP patients, there were 1 777 males and 587 females, with an average age of 58 years. The main clinical manifestations were jaundice(61.31%), abdominal pain(52.45%), abdominal discomfort(34.78%) and body weight loss(22.62%). 50.13% of the patients suffered from extrapancreatic manifestations. Serological examination detected significantly increased levels of IgG4 (74.14%), CRP (73.68%), IgG (71.41%), erythrocyte sedimentation (67.34%), total bilirubin (62.44%), ALT/AST(50.83%), CA19-9(43.85%) and positive rheumatoid factor (42.04%). Pancreatic diffuse (46.87%) and regional enlargement (21.87%) was found in AIP patients by imaging examination. The pancreatic pathological manifestations mainly included lymphoplasmic cell infiltration, pancreatic acinar destruction and atrophy, fibrous tissue proliferation, and positive IgG4 deposition by immunohistochemistry. 282 patients (11.92%) were misdiagnosed, while 70.12% of AIP patients were attenuated by hormones therapies.Conclusions:AIP, which is more common in male in China, is often accompanied by extrapancreatic manifestations. Although imaging examinations were helpful for diagnosis, the misdiagnosis rate remains high. Clinicians need to raise awareness, enhance the ability to diagnose and treat AIP, thus reducing misdiagnosis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700335

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare effect between thyroid imaging reporting and data system (TI-RADS) and the Bethesda system for reporting thyroid cytopathology (TBSRTC) in the qualitative diagnosis of thyroid nodule. Methods The clinical data of 665 patients with thyroid nodule (1 598 nodules) from April 2013 to October 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. TBSRTC and TI-RADS were used for qualitative diagnosis of thyroid nodule before operation. Pathological diagnosis was performed after the operation. The diagnostic effect of TI-RADS and TBSRTC were assessed, and the factors leading to the diagnostic errors were analyzed. Results Of 1 598 thyroid nodules, the pathological diagnosis showed that benign nodules were in 202, and malignant thyroid nodules were in 1 396. The diagnostic sensitivity and 85.64%(173/202) vs. 74.75%(151/202) and specificity of malignant nodules by TBSRTC were significantly higher than that by TI-RADS: 91.76% (1 281/1 396) vs. 87.11% (1 216/1 396), and there was statistical difference (P<0.01). The diagnosis positive rate of malignant nodules with diameter<1 cm by TBSRTC was significantly higher than that by TI-RADS: 77.63% (59/76) vs. 47.37% (36/76), and there was statistical difference (P<0.01); there was no statistical difference in diagnosis positive rate of malignant nodules with diameter ≥ 1 cm between 2 methods (P>0.05). Univariate analysis result showed that the diameter of thyroid nodules in patients with TI-RADS false negative was significantly smaller than that in patients with benign thyroid nodules: (1.01 ± 0.48) cm vs. (1.51 ± 0.45) cm, the incidence of malignant thyroid nodules combined with other thyroid diseases was significantly higher than that in patients with benign thyroid nodules: 41.18% (21/51) vs. 11.32% (158/1 396), and there were statistical differences (P<0.05); the rate of thyroid dysfunction in patients with TBSRTC false positive was significantly higher than that in patients with malignant thyroid nodules: 18.26% (21/115) vs. 6.93% (14/202), and there was statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusions The qualitative diagnosis of thyroid nodule requires the cross-reference of TI-RADS and TBSRTC, and the combination of other clinical indicators of patients can improve the detection rate of malignant thyroid nodules.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 111-114, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808213

ABSTRACT

Liver cancer is a common malignant tumor. Although the overall incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer has been decreasing in recent years, the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-associated liver cancer tends to increase. The health and social issues brought by NAFLD-associated liver cancer have attracted more and more attention, and its epidemiology, pathogenesis, and diagnosis and treatment await further research. This article summarizes the current epidemiology and pathogenesis of NAFLD-associated liver cancer.

6.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 37-40, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To predict and analyze the secondary structure and B cell epitopes of Izumo protein.Methods: The secondary structure and flexible regions of Izumo protein were predicted by the methods of Chou-Fasman,Gamier-Robson and Karplus-Schulz.Moreover,hydrophilicity plot,surface probability plot and antigenic index of Izumo protein were predicted by the methods of Kyte-Doolitde,Emini and Jameson-Wolf,respectively.Results: Izumo protein contained moreαhelix regions.There were several centers ofαhelix in the regions of 6-17,30-40,88-99,103-120,153-160,173-188,249-260,283-297,334-338 and 339-346 of Izumo protein,and several centers of βsheet in the regions of 21-25,198-200,245-248 and 320-323.Moreover,many distinct B cell epitopes in Izumo protein possibly localized in the regions of 3642,62-66,94-99,118-122,129-132,151-154,161-164,173-177,205-208,212-216,256-265,271-276,283-288,314-318 and 336-350.Conclusion:These results are helpful for identification of the dominant B cell epitopes and the functional domains of Izumo protein.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-556405

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the achievements of technique of tissue engineered tendon transplant on the basis of recent development of materials of tendon transplant at home and aboard.DATA SOURCES: A computer-based online search of Medline database was undertaken to identify articles about materials of tendon transplant and technique of tissue engineered tendon transplant published in English from January 1980 to January 2005, and the keywords were "tendon transplant, tissue engineer, progress". Meanwhile, Chinese relevant articles published between January 1990 and January 2005 were reviewed in CBM database with the keywords of "tendon transplant, tissue engineer, summarization" in Chinese.STUDY SELECTION: Relevant literatures about materials of tendon transplant and technique of tissue engineered tendon transplant were retrieved firstly, and the full-tests were further searched. Those about the materials of tendon transplant and technique of tissue engineered tendon transplant were selected; however, the reviews, repetitive studies and Meta analytic ones were excluded.DATA EXTRACTION: Among 45 articles, 30 ones about materials of tendon transplant and technique of tissue engineered tendon transplant met the required criteria.DATA SYNTHESIS: Main materials of tendon transplant are as follows: autologous tendon, allogeneic tendon, artificial tendon and tissue engineered tendon. Recently, studies on allogeneic tendon are more and more favorable. In late 1980s, establishment and development of tissue engineering bring a new way for repairing deficiency of tendon tissue.Studies on tissue engineered tendon are designed to transplant made-up tendon in vitro to deficient site of tendon in vitro in order to recover articular function. At present, we devote ourselves to study cytoskeleton which is characterized by virtues of both two materials. Combination with tendon cells in vitro can produce a nonvolatile and active tissue engineered tendon.CONCLUSION: Main materials of tendon transplant are as follows: autologous tendon, allogeneic tendon, artificial tendon and tissue engineered tendon. Further application of seed cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) will develop the research in tissue engineered tendon.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330869

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the correlation between traumatic servity and blood cAMP and cGMP levels in the patients with acute trauma and its clinical significance, 120 cases of trauma were randomly selected and divided into 4 groups (n = 30 in each group): mildly traumatic group (ISS < or = 9), moderately traumatic group (ISS = 10-16), severely traumatic group (ISS = 17-25) and dangerously traumatic group (> 25). The cAMP and cGMP levels were assayed in sera, leucocytes and platelets respectively in 6 h and 24 h after trauma. The results showed that cAMP and cGMP levels were elevated significantly in sera and platelets (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), meanwhile cGMP levels in leucocytes (P < 0.05). It was concluded that cAMP and cGMP might play an important role in traumatic stress, participate in the cellular signal transducation and promote the immune function of leucocytes and the coagulation founction of platelets. Serum cAMP and cGMP levels were upregulated correspondingly as ISS increased, and positively correlated to the traumatic severity.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Blood Platelets , Metabolism , Cyclic AMP , Blood , Cyclic GMP , Blood , Female , Humans , Injury Severity Score , Leukocytes , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Wounds and Injuries , Blood
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634206

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the correlation between traumatic servity and blood cAMP and cGMP levels in the patients with acute trauma and its clinical significance, 120 cases of trauma were randomly selected and divided into 4 groups (n = 30 in each group): mildly traumatic group (ISS 25). The cAMP and cGMP levels were assayed in sera, leucocytes and platelets respectively in 6 h and 24 h after trauma. The results showed that cAMP and cGMP levels were elevated significantly in sera and platelets (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01), meanwhile cGMP levels in leucocytes (P < 0.05). It was concluded that cAMP and cGMP might play an important role in traumatic stress, participate in the cellular signal transducation and promote the immune function of leucocytes and the coagulation founction of platelets. Serum cAMP and cGMP levels were upregulated correspondingly as ISS increased, and positively correlated to the traumatic severity.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets/metabolism , Cyclic AMP/blood , Cyclic GMP/blood , Injury Severity Score , Leukocytes/metabolism , Wounds and Injuries/blood
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-567839

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of thymosin ?1 (T?1) on cellular immune function in gastric cancer patients through observing its treatment on the differentiation of T-lymphocyte subsets from screened peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Methods PBMCs were obtained by centrifugation of blood samples from 18 healthy subjects and 32 patients with gastric cancer,and then cultured in the presence of culture medium with addition of T?1 at 50,10 and 1 ?g/ml for 2 d. T lymphocyte subsets (such as CD4+,CD8+ and CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ T cells) and Th1/Th2 multiplex cytokines were detected by flow cytometry (FCM). Results After PBMCs isolated from healthy people and patients were incubated with or without T?1,there was no significant change in percentage of CD4+,CD8+ peripheral lymphocyte subsets and ratio of CD4+/CD8+. There was no obvious change in the percentage of CD4+ CD25+ Foxp3+ T lymphocyte subsets in the normal control,but a significant increase was observed in the cells from patients with gastric cancer after treatment (P

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565043

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the correlation between rotavirus nonstructural protein 1(NSP1) and species restriction of the virus and explore the role of NSP1 in the species restriction.Methods NSP1 C-terminal sequences,its whole amino acid sequences from UniProt Database,and its 3' noncoding sequences from GenBank were collected,and intraspecies and interspecies sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree analysis were performed by DNAStar(Lasergene)7.1.Results The diversity of NSP1 between species and rotavirus species restriction hosted a high degree of consistency.NSP1 C-terminal sequence,NSP1 gene 3' noncoding sequence and NSP1 whole sequence shared a high intraspecies identity,which was higher than the identity between species(P

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