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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-514941

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that HLA-identical sibling allogeneic peripheral blood hematopoietic stemcelltransplantation (allo-HSCT) provides higher disease-free and overall survival rates for patients with intermediatecytogenetic risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission (CR). But prognosis factors have not been fullydefined.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of patients with intermediate cytogenetic risk AML undergoing HLA-matchedallo-HSCT in CR, and to analyze the prognostic factors.METHODS: Fifty cases of intermediate cytogenetic risk AML in CR receiving HLA-matched allo-HSCT from January2009 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Primary outcome measures of the study included overall survival(OS), relapse rate and non-relapse mortality.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The 4-year OS of the study population reached to 64%, and the relapse rate and NRMreached to 18% and 20% respectively. Incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease was 26%. Different prognosis wasobserved between female donor/male recipient (FDMR) combination transplant and control (4-year OS: 50% vs. 71.9%,P=0.041), between patients requiring more than one course of induction chemotherapy to achieve CR and control(4-year OS: 40% vs. 70%, P=0.038), between older age (≥ 40 years) and control (4-year OS: 44.4% vs. 68.3%,P=0.056). The 4-year OS for matched sibling donor and matched unrelated donor was 63.2% and 66.7% (P=0.427),respectively. Further analysis revealed significantly high non-relapse mortality in FDMR combination transplant (P=0.024)and older age (≥ 40 years; P=0.043). Multivariate analysis revealed three negative prognostic factors: FDMRcombination (P=0.031, RR=1.38, 95% CI: 1.03-1.95), requiring more than one course of induction chemotherapy toachieve CR (P=0.016, RR=1.46, 95% CI: 1.10-1.98) and older age (≥ 40 years; P=0.024, RR=1.63, 95% CI: 1.32-2.12).To conclude, HLA-matched allo-HSCT is a choice for the intermediate cytogenetic risk AML case in CR. FDMRcombination, requiring more than one course of induction chemotherapy to achieve CR and older age (≥ 40 years) areconfirmed as risk factors of poor prognosis for HLA-matched allo-HSCT patients with intermediate cytogenetic risk AMLin CR. To these cases, the donor-recipient sex combination is more important than the donor type in donor selection.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1100-1103, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469723

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of lymphoid-associated antigens in acute myloid leukemia and its clinical significance.Methods 84 patients with de nove (untreated) AML were classified by FAB classification and immunophenotype,of which 53 cases were analyzed by karyotype according to WHO standards.Patients were divided into 2 groups according to whether lymphoid antigen (Ly) was expressed or not.After all patients were treated with a standard remission-induction regimen for 1 course,bone marrow in 63 cases were re examined.Results 49 cases (58.3%) were classified into lymphoid surface antigen-positive acute myeloid leukemia (Ly+ AML) group,35 cases (42.7%) into lymphoid surface antigen-negative acute myeloid leukemia (Ly-AML) group.The incidences of hepatosplenomegaly and lymphadenopathy had significant differences between Ly+AML and Ly AML groups [55.1% (27 cases) vs.22.9% (8 cases),t=3.412,P=0.003].There were no significant differences in other indicators between the two groups.On the basis of equal intensity of chemotherapy,complete remission (CR) had no significant difference(x2 =1.995,P=0.158),the disease-free survival (DFS) in Ly + AML group was shorter than in Ly-AML group(t=2.427,P=0.019),the recurrence rate was higher in Ly + AML group than in Ly-AML group(x2 =4.132,P=0.044).Conclusions The expression of lymphoid associated antigens in acute myeloid leukemia is complex.Patients with Ly+AML show poor response to chemotherapy,and have poor prognosis.We should explore new chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia.

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