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1.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 728-739, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922506

ABSTRACT

Relapse is the main problem after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The outcome of a second allo-HSCT (HSCT2) for relapse post-HSCT has shown promising results in some previous studies. However, little is known about the efficacy of HSCT2 in patients with relapsed/refractory acute leukemia (AL) post-chemotherapy plus modified donor lymphocyte infusion (post-Chemo + m-DLI) after the first allo-HSCT (HSCT1). Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed the efficacy of HSCT2 in 28 patients with relapsed/refractory AL post-Chemo + m-DLI in our center. With a median follow-up of 918 (457-1732) days, 26 patients (92.9%) achieved complete remission, and 2 patients exhibited persistent disease. The probabilities of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) 1 year after HSCT2 were 25.0% and 21.4%, respectively. The cumulative incidences of nonrelapse mortality on day 100 and at 1 year post-HSCT2 were 7.1% ± 4.9% and 25.0% ± 8.4%. The cumulative incidences of relapse were 50.0% ± 9.8% and 53.5% ± 9.9% at 1 and 2 years post-HSCT2, respectively. Risk stratification prior to HSCT1 and percentage of blasts before HSCT2 were independent risk factors for OS post-HSCT2, and relapse within 6 months post-HSCT1 was an independent risk factor for DFS and relapse post-HSCT2. Our findings suggest that HSCT2 could be a salvage option for patients with relapsed AL post-Chemo + m-DLI.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Lymphocytes , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912532

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of minimal residual disease (MRD) in prediction of prognosis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients with or above complete remission 2 (CR2) underwent.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 201 ALL patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) and pretransplant disease status ≥CR2 in Peking University People′s Hospital from January 2009 to December 2018. MRD was measured by multi-parameter flow cytometry at 1 month before transplantation and 1 month, 2 months, 3 months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months or 12 months after transplantation. To investigate the influence of dynamic changes of MRD before and after transplantation on prognosis.Results:201 ALL patients, including 126 males and 75 females, with a median age of 18 years. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) of all cases were 34%, 16%, 50%, and 56%, respectively. Positive pre-SCT MRD patients with higher 3-year CIR (47% vs 26%, P=0.003), lower 3-year LFS (40% vs 55%, P=0.047) and OS (42% vs 60%, P=0.065) than those with negative one. Subjects with positive post-MRD had higher 3-year CIR (73% vs 22%, P<0.001) and lower 3-year LFS (28% vs 56%, P=0.005) and OS (32% vs 60%, P=0.040) compared with those with negative one. Multivariate analysis showed that both pre-MRD and post-MRD were associated with higher CIR ( HR=1.823, P=0.018; HR=3.474, P<0.001), lower LFS ( HR=1.779, P=0.007; HR=2.185, P=0.001) and OS ( HR=1.609, P=0.034; HR=1.970, P=0.001). Negative pre-and post-SCT MRD group had lower 3-year CIR (17%, 42%, 82%; P<0.001) and higher 3-year LFS (61%, 44%, 18%; P<0.001) and OS (63%, 47%, 27%; P<0.001) compared with those unrisen post-SCT MRD group, and increased post-SCT MRD group. Multivariate analysis showed that pre-and post-SCT MRD dynamics were associated with CIR, LFS and OS ( P<0.01 for all) independently. The pre-and post-SCT MRD dynamics could better distinguish CIR (C=0.669) from that of pre-SCT MRD (C=0.587) and post-SCT MRD (C=0.629). Conclusion:Our data suggest that pre-SCT MRD, post-SCT MRD and the dynamic peri-SCT MRD could be used to predict transplant outcome of ALLpatients with or above CR2 who underwent allo-SCT.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911442

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of short-term use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in EB viral infection and acute graft-versus host disease (GVHD) in patients receiving haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .Method:Adult patients (≥14 years) who were diagnosed with hematological malignancies received haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from May 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The median age was 30 (14-60) years old. A total of 498 patients including 277 males and 221 females were enrolled. Donors' median age was 38 (8-66) years old. All patients were classified into long-term use of MMF ( n=199), which was defined as 500 mg every 12 hours from day 9 pre-transplant to 250 mg every 12 hours from day 30 after transplant then withdrawal on day 45 to 60 after transplant, and short-term use of MMF ( n=299), which was defined as 500 mg every 12 hour from day 9 pre-transplant then withdrawal till neutrophil engraftment. Kaplan-Meier model was used to analyze the cumulative incidence of EBV infection, and the Cox proportional regression model for multivariate analysis. Result:Characteristics including sex, age, disease types, mismatched HLA loci, donor-recipient relationship, donor-recipient blood type, donor age, and donor sex were comparable between two groups (all P>0.05). According to once, the incidence of EBV viremia, defined as EBV>10 3 copies/ml at least once, in short-term group and long-term group was 19.4% (58/299) and 27.6% (55/199) respectively ( P=0.046).Donor age and the duration of MMF prophylaxis (short-term group as reference) were associated with EBV viremia according to multivariate analysis [ HR=1.022(95% CI 1.006-1.038),1.600(95% CI 1.059-2.418); P=0.006 and 0.026, respectively]. The incidence of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ acute GVHD in long-term and short-term group was 32.2% (64/199) versus 20.7% (62/299)( P=0.005) and 10.1% (20/199) versus 8.0% (24/299) ( P=0.427), respectively. Donor sex (female as reference) and duration of MMF prophylaxis (short-term group as reference) were associated with grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ acute GVHD [ HR=1.908(95% CI 1.079-3.373),1.752(95% CI 1.161-2.643); P=0.026 and 0.008, respectively].There were no statistical differences in the incidence of CMV viremia, refractory CMV viremia and hemorrhagic cystitis (all P>0.05) between the two groups. Conclusion:Short-term use of MMF can reduce EBV viremia without increasing the development of acute GVHD in haplo-HSCT patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidences and risk factors of poor hematopoietic reconstitution (PHR) in patients with hematological diseases who underwent haploidentical allograft and were treated with rituximab for desensitization.Methods:Eight-three donor specific anti-HLA antibody (DSA, 2000 ≤MFI<10 000) positive patients who underwent haploidentical allograft were prospectively enrolled. Rituximab (375 mg/m 2) was used for desensitization day-3 of conditioning regimen. Incidence and factors associated with PHR, including primary poor graft function and prolonged thrombocytopenia, were investigated. Results:There were 22 males and 61 females with a median age of 39(range: 1-65) years. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 100 day cumulative incidences of neutrophil and platelet engraftment were 93.0% and 90.7%, respectively. The incidences of PHR were 14.7%. The 3-year relapse rate, non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate, event-free survival (EFS), leukemia-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were 6.5%, 15.1%, 70.8%, 79.4% and 79.4%, respectively. Patients with DSA MFI<5 000 (group A, n=46) experienced lower PHR (4.4% vs. 27.5%, P=0.003), and higher 3-year EFS (79.5% vs. 59.8%, P=0.020) compared to those with DSA MFI≥5 000 (group B, n=37). Multivariate analysis showed that DSA MFI≥5 000 was correlated with PHR ( HR=6.101, P=0.021). PHR was associated with higher NRM ( HR=4.110, P=0.026), lower DFS ( HR=3.656, P=0.019) and OS ( HR=3.656, P=0.019). Conclusion:Our data suggest that high pre-transplant DSA level is a risk factor for PHR in patients with hematological diseases receiving haploidentical allograft and rituximab for desensitization.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885165

ABSTRACT

Objective:Donor cytomegalovirus (CMV) serological negative status may have an adverse effect on the outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), while there is inadequate data for Chinese people. This study is to explore the impact of donor CMV serological status on the outcome of CMV seropositive patients receiving allo-HSCT.Methods:Our study retrospectively analyzed 16 CMV seropositive patients with hematological malignancies receiving allogeneic grafts from CMV seronegative donors (antibody IgG negative) at Peking University People′s Hospital from March 2013 to March 2020, which was defined as D -/R + group. The other 64 CMV seropositive patients receiving grafts from CMV seropositive donors at the same period of time were selected as matched controls through a propensity score with 1∶4 depending on age, disease state and donor-recipient relationship (D +/R + group). Results:Patients in D -/R + group developed CMV DNAemia later than patients in the D +/R + group (+37 days vs. +31 days after allo-HSCT, P=0.011), but the duration of CMV DNAemia in D -/R + group was longer than that of D +/R + group (99 days vs. 34 days, P=0.012). The rate of CMV reactivation 4 times or more in D -/R + group was 4/16, significantly higher than that of D +/R + group (4.7%, 3/64, P=0.01). The incidences of refractory CMV DNAemia (14/16 vs. 56.3%, P=0.021) and CMV disease (4/16 vs. 4.7%, P=0.01) in D -/R + group were both higher than those in D +/R + group. In addition, the application of CMV-CTL as the second-line antiviral treatment in D -/R + group was more than that in D +/R + group. Univariate analysis and multivariate analysis suggested that CMV serological negativity is an independent risk factor for refractory CMV DNAemia and the duration of CMV infection. The cumulative incidence of aGVHDⅡ-Ⅳ, cGVHD, 3-year probability of NRM, overall survival, and the cumulative incidence of relapse were all comparable in two groups. Conclusions:Although there is no significant effect on OS and NRM, the incidence of refractory CMV DNAemia, the frequency of virus reactivation, and the development of CMV disease in D -/R + group are higher than those in controls. Therefore, CMV seropositive donors are preferred for CMV seropositive patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 106-111, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799576

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the risk factors of steroid resistant acute graft- versus-host disease (aGVHD) after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#The clinical data of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) /Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who developed aGVHD after haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from January 1st, 2010 to December 31st, 2012 were retrospectively reviewed.@*Results@#A total of 85 patients were enrolled in the study, including 55 males and 30 females, with a median age of 30 (19-67) years. After steroid therapy, there were 53 (62.4%) , 6 (7.1%) and 26 (30.6%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) , partial remission (PR) and non-remission (NR) , respectively. The CR rates of the grade Ⅰ/Ⅱ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD by steroid therapy were 66.2% (51/77) vs 25.0% (2/8) (χ2=3.639, P=0.048) , respectively. The CR rates of the patients with aGVHD involving 1 target organ and 2 target organs were 77.4% (48/62) vs 21.7% (5/23) (χ2=22.157, P<0.001) . The CR rates of patients with standard risk (SR) and high risk (HR) Minnesota risk score was 67.5% (52/77) vs 12.5% (1/8) (χ2=7.153, P=0.004) . The mononuclear cells≥8.33×108/kg and the HR Minnesota risk score were independent risk factors for steroid-resistant aGVHD in multivariate analysis. Between Minnesota risk score SR (77 cases) and HR (8 cases) groups, the OS rates at 22 months after transplantation were (90.3±3.8) %vs (75.0±15.3) % (χ2=2.831, P=0.092) . After steroid treatment for aGVHD, the OS rates at 22 months in the CR group (53 cases) and non-CR group (32 cases) were (95.2±3.4) %vs (78.6±7.9) % (χ2=5.287, P=0.021) respectively.@*Conclusion@#The Minnesota risk score and mononuclear cells count are effective tool for predicting steroid-resistant aGVHD after haplo-HSCT.

7.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 453-457, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862870

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies and transplant outcomes in patients with hematological diseases who underwent matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted in 168 patients with hematological diseases who received MSDT in Peking University People's Hospital from March 2015 to November 2017. All patients received detection of anti-HLA antibodies before transplantation, and the correlation between anti-HLA antibodies and transplant outcomes such as hematopoietic cells implantation, blood product transfusion and prognosis after transplantation were analyzed.Results:Among the 168 patients, 28 (16.7%) were positive for anti-HLA class Ⅰ or class Ⅱ antibodies, and 14 (8.3%) were positive for both anti-HLA class Ⅰ and class Ⅱ antibodies. All patients received neutrophil engraftment, 164 patients (97.9%) received platelet engraftment. Univariate analysis showed that there were no effects of anti-HLA antibodies on neutrophil engraftment and engraftment time, platelet engraftment and engraftment time, the volume of red cell transfusion, the volume of platelet transfusion, overall survival (OS) rate, disease free survival (DFS) rate and transplant-related mortality (TRM) in patients with hematological diseases underwent MSDT (all P > 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that platelet engraftment was associated with better OS ( HR=0.065, 95% CI 0.017-0.252, P < 0.01), better DFS ( HR=0.083, 95% CI 0.024-0.289, P < 0.01) and lower TRM ( HR=0.094, 95% CI 0.014-0.626, P=0.015). Conclusion:Anti-HLA antibodies have no effect on transplant outcomes of patients with hematological diseases who have received MSDT.

8.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 354-364, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771263

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of minimal residual disease (MRD)-directed immunotherapy, including interferon-α (IFN- α) treatment and chemotherapy plus granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-primed donor leukocyte infusion (chemo-DLI), was investigated in patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) who were MRD-positive after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). High-risk MDS patients who received non-T-cell-depleted allo-HSCT at the Peking University Institute of Hematology and were MRD-positive after allo-HSCT were studied (n = 47). The MRD-positive status was considered if leukemia-associated aberrant immune phenotypes or Wilms' tumor gene 1 expression is present in a single bone marrow sample. The cumulative incidence of the relapse and non-relapse mortality 2 years after immunotherapy were 14.5% and 21.4% (P = 0.377) and 9.1% and 0.0% (P = 0.985) for patients in the IFN-α and chemo-DLI groups, respectively. The probability of disease-free and overall survival 2 years after immunotherapy were 76.4% and 78.6% (P = 0.891) and 84.3% and 84.6% (P = 0.972) for patients in the IFN-α and chemo-DLI groups, respectively. Persistent MRD after immunotherapy was associated with poor survival. Thus, the MRD-directed immunotherapy was effective for patients with high-risk MDS who were MRD-positive after allo-HSCT, and the efficacy was comparable between chemo-DLI and IFN-α treatment.

9.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 492-503, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771252

ABSTRACT

We aimed to identify the effect of positive stool cultures (PSCs) on the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) (n = 332). PSCs were observed in 61 patients (PSC group, 18.4%). Enterobacteriaceae in stool specimens was associated with a higher risk of bloodstream infection, and Candida in stool specimens was related to a higher risk of platelet engraftment failure. The cumulative incidence of infection-related mortality 1 year after haplo-HSCT in the PSC group was higher than that of the patients who showed persistently negative stool cultures (NSC group; 19.2% vs. 8.9%, P = 0.017). The probabilities of overall survival (71.4% vs. 83.8%, P = 0.031) and disease-free survival (69.6% vs. 81.0%, P = 0.048) 1 year after haplo-HSCT for the PSC group were significantly lower than those for the NSC group, particularly for patients who had Candida in their stool specimens. In multivariate analysis, Candida in stool specimens significantly increased the risk of mortality and was associated with poorer survival. Our results showed that PSC influenced the clinical outcomes after haplo-HSCT, particularly those who had Candida in their stool specimens.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 713-719, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797979

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore clinical features and severity of chronic graft- versus- host disease (cGVHD) after chemotherapy plus donor lymphocyte infusion (Chemo-DLI) in a consecutive cohort of acute leukemia patients who were minimal residual disease (MRD) positive after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#The global scoring system proposed by National Institutes of Health (NIH) Consensus Conference was used to identify the characteristics and severity of cGVHD in patients who MRD positive after Chemo-DLI.@*Results@#54 (59.3%) patients were diagnosed with cGVHD after Chemo-DLI, with the median time of onset of 70 (13-504) days. There were 6 cases (6.6%) of mild cGVHD, 21 cases (23.1%) of moderate cGVHD and 27 cases (29.7%) of severe cGVHD.The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse after Chemo-DLI was 61.9% (95%CI 45.3%-78.5%) , 15.1% (95%CI 1.1%-29.1%) , and 26.6% (95%CI 9.2%-44.0%) (χ2=18.901, P<0.001) in non-cGVHD, mild to moderate cGVHD, and severe cGVHD groups, respectively. The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse after Chemo-DLI was 61.9% (95%CI 45.3%-78.5%) , 19.9% (95%CI 8.1%-31.7%) , and 28.6% (95%CI 0.0%-65.0%) (χ2=18.307, P<0.001) in non-cGVHD, classical cGVHD, and overlap syndrome groups, respectively. cGVHD was not associated with non-relapse morality after Chemo-DLI. Probabilities of 5-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) after Chemo-DLI were 24.0% (95%CI 9.1%-38.9%) , 77.2% (95%CI 60.8%-93.6%) , and 64.9% (95%CI 45.7%-84.1%) (χ2=24.447, P<0.001) in non-cGVHD, mild to moderate cGVHD, and severe cGVHD groups, respectively. Probabilities of 5-year LFS after Chemo-DLI were 24.0% (95%CI 9.1%-38.9%) , 75.5% (95%CI 62.7%-88.3%) , and 42.9% (95%CI 1.8%-84.0%) (χ2=25.665, P<0.001) in non-cGVHD, classical cGVHD, and overlap syndrome groups, respectively. Probabilities of 5-year overall survival (OS) after Chemo-DLI were 50.0% (95%CI 31.1%-68.9%) , 87.9% (95%CI 74.7%-100.0%) , and 71.0% (95%CI 52.0%-90.0%) (χ2=9.517, P=0.009) in non-cGVHD, mild to moderate cGVHD, and severe cGVHD groups, respectively. Probabilities of 5-year OS after Chemo-DLI were 50.0% (95%CI 31.1%-68.9%) , 83.9% (95%CI 72.8%-95.0%) , and 51.4% (95%CI 6.2%-96.6%) (χ2=10.673, P=0.005) in non-cGVHD, classical cGVHD, and overlap syndrome groups, respectively. In multivariate analysis, patients receiving allo-HSCT in first complete remission stage and classical cGVHD after Chemo-DLI were associated with lower relapse risk and better survival.@*Conclusions@#These findings highlight the close relation between cGVHD and the graft-versus-leukemia effect in patients who were MRD positive and received Chemo-DLI after allo-HSCT. However, overlap syndrome could not improve the clinical outcomes of these patients.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 182-186, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804913

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the impact of pre-transplant course on transplant outcomes in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) .@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted in 107 patients with AML who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (allo-HSCT) in the first complete remission stage (CR1) from January 2012 to June 2014.@*Results@#①46 cases received allo-HSCT within 6 months upon diagnosis, including 25 males and 21 females, with a median age of 26 (12-60) y. 61 cases received allo-HSCT after 6 months upon diagnosis, including 34 males and 27 females, with a median age of 31 (14-58) years. There is no statistical significance in patients’ age, gender, NCCN risk stratification, courses for induction, minimal residual disease (MRD) status, transplantation type and infection rates prior to transplantation. Total courses of chemotherapy before allo-HSCT were 4 (3-5) and 5 (4-10) for the two groups, respectively. ②Incidences of Grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD were 26.09% (12/46) for the <6-month group and 24.59% (15/61) for the ≥6 months group (P=0.860) . Incidences of Grade Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD were 2.17% (1/46) for the <6-month group and 14.75% (9/61) for the ≥6 months group (P=0.027) . ③ Probabilities of 2-year overall survival (OS) were (90.3±4.6) % for the <6 months group and (75.7±5.7) % for the ≥6 months group (P=0.042) . Probabilities of 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) were (90.7±4.4) % for the <6 months group and (76.3±5.5) % for the ≥6 months group (P=0.038) . ④ During the median follow-up of 863 (26-2 026) days, cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality were (4.4±3.1) % for the <6 months group and (18.2±5.0) % for the ≥6 months group (P=0.047) . ⑤ Univariate analysis showed that age, NCCN risk stratification, MRD status before transplantation and rates of infection was not related to transplantation outcomes. Chemotherapy courses before allo-HSCT (≤4 or >4) was related to OS and DFS (P=0.044, P=0.039) , but not to NRM (P=0.079) .@*Conclusion@#AML patients who obtained CR1 could achieve better long-term survival by receiving allo-HSCT within 6 months after diagnosis.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821786

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the association of hematological complete remssion (HCR) status on the outcomes of the patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) who were undergoing haploidentical stem cell transplantation (Haplo-SCT). @*Methods@#Retrospective analysis was performed on 317 patients with B-ALL who received Haplo-SCT with HCR before transplantation in the Institute of Hematology, Peking University from September 2012 to June 2016. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the effects of HCR status before transplantation on the outcomes of Haplo-SCT. @*Results@#The 3-year cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality (NRM) and cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) were 15% and 15%, respectively. The 3-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 71% and 74%, respectively. There was no statistical difference for 3-year NRM, CIR and LFS among the HCR patients with recovery of absolute neutrophil count (ANC) and platelet (CR) group, without recovery of ANC and with or without recovery of platelet (CRi) group and those in HCR with recovery of ANC but without recovery of platelet (CRp) group (P value >0.05 for all). The probability of OS in cases of CR group was significantly higher than that of CRi group (76% vs 59%,P=0.049). Multivariate analysis showed that factors associated with CIR included pre-transplantation minimal residual disease (P=0.006) and chronic GVHD (P=0.020). Platelet engraftment was associated with NRM, LFS, and OS (P<0.001 for all). Grades Ⅲ-Ⅳ GVHD was associated with NRM (P<0.001) and OS (P=0.035). Chronic GVHD was correlated with LFS (P<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Our results indicate that no effect of HCR status before transplant on the outcomes was observed in patients with B-ALL who underwent Haplo-SCT.

13.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 238-249, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772707

ABSTRACT

The efficacy of salvage interferon-α (IFN-α) treatment was investigated in patients with unsatisfactory response to minimal residual disease (MRD)-directed donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) (n = 24). Patients who did not become MRD-negative at 1 month after DLI were those with unsatisfactory response and were eligible to receive salvage IFN-α treatment within 3 months of DLI. Recombinant human IFN-α-2b injections were subcutaneously administered 2-3 times a week for 6 months. Nine (37.5%), 6 (25.0%), and 3 (12.5%) patients became MRD-negative at 1, 2, and > 2 months after the salvage IFN-α treatment, respectively. Two-year cumulative incidences of relapse and non-relapse mortality were 35.9% and 8.3%, respectively. Two-year probabilities of event-free survival, disease-free survival, and overall survival were 51.6%, 54.3%, and 68.0%, respectively. Outcomes of patients subjected to salvage IFN-α treatment after DLI were significantly better than those with persistent MRD without IFN-α treatment. Moreover, clinical outcomes were comparable between the salvage DLI and IFN-α treatment groups. Thus, salvage IFN-α treatment may help improve the outcome of patients with unsatisfactory responses to MRD-directed DLI and could be a potential salvage treatment for these patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Beijing , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Graft Survival , Graft vs Host Disease , Mortality , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Therapeutic Uses , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mortality , Therapeutics , Lymphocyte Transfusion , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Mortality , Therapeutics , Neoplasm, Residual , Recurrence , Salvage Therapy , Survival Analysis , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous , Young Adult
14.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 153-163, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772754

ABSTRACT

To establish optimal reference values for recovered immune cell subsets, we prospectively investigated post-transplant immune reconstitution (IR) in 144 patients who received allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo- SCT) and without showing any of the following events: poor graft function, grades II‒IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), serious chronic GVHD, serious bacterial infection, invasive fungal infection, or relapse or death in the first year after transplantation. IR was rapid in monocytes, intermediate in lymphocytes, CD3 Tcells, CD8 T cells, and CD19 B cells, and very slow in CD4 T cells in the entire patient cohort. Immune recovery was generally faster under HLA-matched sibling donor transplantation than under haploidentical transplantation. Results suggest that patients with an IR comparable to the reference values display superior survival, and the levels of recovery in immune cells need not reach those in healthy donor in the first year after transplantation.We suggest that data from this recipient cohort should be used as reference values for post-transplant immune cell counts in patients receiving HSCT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Allergy and Immunology , Mortality , HLA Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immune Reconstitution , Male , Middle Aged , Reference Values , Siblings , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Tissue Donors , Transplantation, Homologous , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 833-838, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810231

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the incidence and clinical features to probe the risk factors of hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in children and adolescents with hematological diseases post haplo-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) .@*Methods@#Medical records of 62 children and 27 adolescents with hematological diseases treated with haplo-HSCT between 2015 and 2016 were analyzed.@*Results@#Of 89 cases (56 boys and 33 girls) , 44 patients were diagnosed with ALL, 33 AML, 3 AHL and 9 MDS. HC occurred in 32 of the 89 patients with an incidence of 36%, including 6 with grade Ⅰ, 16 with grade Ⅱ, 8 with grade Ⅲ, 2 with grade Ⅳ HC, respectively. The median time of HC onset was 25 days (range 2-55 days) after haplo-HSCT with the median duration as 19 days (range 3-95 days) , all of them were cured. The incidence of HC was lower in the group of children than that in the group of adolescents (27.4% vs 55.6%, χ2=6.466, P<0.05) , and the incidence of HC was higher in the group of patients who were ≥5 years old than that in the group of patients who were <5 years old (0 vs 34%, χ2=4.043, P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#HC is one of common complications in children and adolescents with hematological diseases post haplo-HSCT, older age was associated with increased mortality.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 398-403, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809975

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the influence of donor-recipient sex matching on outcome of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) for acute leukemia in the setting of T-cell-replete transplants.@*Methods@#The retrospective study is based on 1 160 consecutive patients who received their first haplo-HSCT for acute leukemia between April 2002 and December 2014 at Peking University Institute of Hematology. The patients were divided into the sex-matched group and sex-mismatched group in terms of the recipient and donor sex. Then we conducted an analysis in four subgroups, male patients with male donors (M→M), male patients with female donors (F→M), female patients with female donors (F→F), and female patients with male donors (M→F). Transplant outcomes were measured in terms of hematopoietic recovery, acute graft versus host disease (aGVHD), relapse, nonrelapse mortality (NRM), disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) in the above four subgroups. Then univariate and multivariate analysis were conducted.@*Results@#There was a higher 3-year and 5-year NRM but no difference in other transplant outcomes in sex-mismatched group when compared with the sex-matched group. F→M was compared with M→M, and the former group had higher 3-year and 5-year cumulative incidences of NRM (25.5% vs 16.1%, P=0.002; 27.1% vs 17.3%, P=0.002), decreased 5-year DFS (56.9% vs 64.4%, P=0.044), decreased 3-year OS (62.6% vs 69.8%, P=0.045). There was no significant difference in 3-year DFS and 5-year OS. There was no significant difference in grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD and cGVHD incidence. When F→F group was compared with M→F group, only a higher grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ aGVHD incidence (43.9% vs 34.6%, P=0.047) existed. F→M was proved to be the independent risk factor influencing NRM and OS in multivariate analysis.@*Conclusion@#In haplo-HSCT for acute leukemia, the donor-recipient sex combination of male patients with female donors was of a poorer prognosis, so a male donor was a better choice for a male patient.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 969-976, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore age-related clinical characteristics, early responses and outcomes in non-senile adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*Methods@#Data of consecutive cases of 18-65 years adults with de novo AML (non-acute promyelocytic leukemia) were reviewed retrospectively. Clinical characteristics at diagnosis, early responses and outcomes across different age groups of patients were analyzed.@*Results@#1 097 patients were enrolled. 591 (53.9%) were male. Median age was 42 years. Increasing age was significantly associated with decreasing WBC count (P=0.003), increasing PLT count (P=0.034), lower blast proportions in bone marrow (P=0.021). The incidence of NPM1+/FLT3-ITD- increased with age (P<0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that increasing age was associated with low probabilities of achieving morphologic leukemia free state (MLFS) (P=0.053) and complete remission (CR) (P=0.004) and poor overall survival (OS) (P=0.070) in the whole patients population. However, increasing age was not associated with low MLFS rate and poor OS, except low CR rate (P=0.075) in those receiving standard induction regimen instead of low-intensity regimen.@*Conclusions@#There were significant differences on clinical characteristics, cytogenetics and molecular genetics across different age groups in non-senile adults with de novo AML. In the patients receiving standard induction regimen, age was not associated with MLFS rate and OS.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 617-623, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807232

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To assess the prognostic significance of immunophenotype complete remission (ICR) and hematological complete remission (HCR) before human-leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor transplantation (MSDT) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*Methods@#A cohort of 182 AML (non-APL) patients undergoing MSDT in HCR was retrospectively studied [including complete remission with ANC and PLT recovery (CR), CR with incomplete PLT recovery (CRp), CR with inconplete ANC and PLT recovery (CRi)]; ICR was determined as undetective minimal resudial disease (MRD) by multi-parameter flow cytometer.@*Results@#①Of the 182 patients, 97 were male, 85 female, and the median age was 41(4-62) years. ②The CR and CRi+CRp rates were 80.8% (147/182) and 19.2%(35/182), respectively; The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse[CIR, (11.0±4.3)% vs (16.0±7.1)%, χ2=0.274, P=0.600], non-relapse mortality[NRM, (14.0±4.3)% vs (9.0±6.3)%, χ2=0.913, P=0.339], leukemia-free survival[LFS, (75.0±5.1)% vs (75.0±8.3)%, χ2=0.256, P=0.613], and overall survial [OS, (77.0±5.2)% vs (80.0±8.1)%, χ2=0.140, P=0.708] were comparable between the CRp+CRi and CR groups. ③Compared with the non-ICR group (n=35), the ICR group (n=147) showed lower 4-year CIR [(11.3±3.4) % vs (55.2±8.8) %, χ2=32.687, P<0.001], better 4-year LFS [(76.2±4.7)% vs (32.8±8.7)%, χ2=26.234, P<0.001] and OS[(79.0±4.7)% vs (39.0±9.1)%, χ2=25.253, P<0.001], and comparable NRM[(12.5±4.1)% vs (12.0±7.1)%, χ2=1.002, P=0.656]. ④Mulitvariate analysis confirmed the independent prognostic value of ICR in lower CIR [HR=11.026(95%CI 4.685-25.949), P<0.001], higher LFS [HR=5.785 (95% CI 2.974-11.254), P<0.001] and OS[HR=5.578 (95% CI 2.575-27.565), P<0.001].@*Conclusion@#The results indicated that ICR instead of HCR pre-transplantation had a significant prognostic value in AML patients undergoing MSDT.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 546-551, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806949

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the prognosis of haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC).@*Method@#The data of 102 patients with high-risk AML in the first complete remission phase (CR1) who received haplo-HSCT from January 2009 to July 2015 in Peking University People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.@*Results@#These 102 cases included 17 AML-MRC cases (AML-MRC group) and 85 other types of AML cases (control group). There were 8 males and 9 females in the AML-MRC group, and the median age was 35 (17-61) years. There were 52 males and 33 females in other high-risk AML group, and the median age was 31 (11-60) years. No difference was observed between the two groups after haploidentical stem cell transplantation in the rates of cytomegalovirus, EBV (Epstein-Barr virus), blood flow infection rate and hematopoietic reconstitution (P>0.05). The overall 2-year survival rate after transplantation was 80.8% (95%CI 51.6%-93.4%) and 72.5% (95%CI 62.8%-80.1%) (P=0.650), the disease-free survival rate was 79.4% (95%CI 48.8%-92.9%) and 65.9% (95%CI 54.3%-75.2%) (P=0.573), cumulative recurrence rate was 13.0%(95%CI 1.9%-34.7%) and 13.3%(95%CI 7.0%-21.5%) (P=0.623), and non-relapse mortality was 6.7% (95%CI 0.3%-27.0%) and 20.0% (95%CI 12.0%-29.4%) (P=0.436).@*Conclusion@#The prognosis of haplo-HSCT in patients with AML-MRC in CR1 is similar to that of other types of high-risk AML patients. Haplo-HSCT is an ideal choice for patients with AML-MRC in CR1.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 286-291, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806437

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the impact of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) prophylaxis duration on acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after haploidentical stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) using 'Beijing Protocol’.@*Methods@#Adult patients (≥14 years) received haplo-HSCT in Peking University Institute of Hematology from Sep, 2016 to Mar, 2017 were retrospectively reviewed if they fulfilled the criterias: ①diagnosed with hematological maligancies; ②standard-risk status at haplo-HSCT. A total of 237 patients [including 102 patients with long MMF duration (defined as started on day -9 with 100 mg/d, adjusted to 500 mg/d from day +30 and discontinued on day +45 to +60 or occurrence of CMV/EBV reactivation or late-onset hemorrhagic cytitis), and 135 patients with short MMF duration (defined as started on day -9 with 500 mg/d and discontinued on the day achieved neutrophil engraftment)] were reviewed. The incidence of aGVHD, virus infection and overall survival (OS) were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#The median durations of MMF prophylaxis of long and short duration groups were 27(7-71) and 15(9-24) days, respectively after haplo-HSCT. There were no differences of baseline characteristics (including sex, patient age, disease, mismatched HLA loci, donor-recipient relation, donor-recipient sex and donor age) between the two groups. The incidences of the grade Ⅱ-Ⅳ and Ⅲ/Ⅳ aGVHD in long and short duration groups were 31.1% versus 17.6% (P=0.018) and 7.4% verus 7.8% (P=0.900), respectively. The duration of MMF prophylaxis was not found to be associated with gradeⅡ-Ⅳ aGVHD by the multivariate analysis. There were no significant differences in terms of CMV viremia, EBV viremia, hemorrhagic cytitis and OS between the two groups.@*Conclusion@#Prophylaxis with short duration MMF in the setting of 'Beijing protocol’ haplo-SCT was not associated with increased acute GVHD with no impact on OS, which indicated that short duration MMF might be a feasible GVHD prophylaxis regimen.

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