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1.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 44-47, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507079

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of miR?126, miR?355 and exportin?5 in lung cancer. Methods The cancer tissue and the tissue adjacent to carcinoma of 47 cases of patients with lung cancer was used to detect the expression of miR?126, miR?355 and Exportin?5 by the real?time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Results Significant difference of the expression of miR?126 (t=2.02,P=0.03) and exportin?5 (t=4.62,P<0.01) was observed in lung cancer tissue and tissue adjacent to carcinoma. Mature miR?126 and pri?miR?126 (R=0.309 , P = 0.044) had a negative correlation in the tissue adjacent to carcinoma. In the cancer tissue,miR?126 and MRP (R=0.432, P=0.019), miR?335 and k167 (R=0.410, P=0.033) were positively correlated, however, exportin?5 and TOPO (R=0.357, P=0.045), the pri?miR?126 and drinking (R=0.340, P=0.024), the pri?miR?126 and MRP (R=0.427, P=0.027) had a negative correlation relationship. Conclusion Expression of miR?126 and exportin?5 was decreased in lung cancer tissue, which may contribute to the occurrence and development of lung cancer.

2.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1280-1283, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492101

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of EBUS-TBNA (endobronchial ultrasound-guided trans-bronchial needle aspiration) in diagnosis of lung cancer and analyze its complications. Methods A retrospective study was carried out in our hospitalfrom March 2013 to March 2015. A total of 171patients received C-TBNA (Con-ventional transbronchial needle aspiration) first and got negative results. Therefore, they received EBUS-TBNA next. Weanalyzedthe sensitivity, specificity, accuracy of malignancy with EBUS-TBNA and positive (malignant) lymph node sites biopsied with EBUS-TBNAand the incidence of its complications. Results Lung cancer was proven in 107 patients who had received EBUS-TBNA, while 16 were benign cases. Thirty-onenegative patients received CT guided needle biopsy or surgeryfor finally pathology. Based on above statistical data , we calculated EBUS-TBNA′s sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in 88.42%, 100.00%and 94.21%respectively. A totalof 818 lymph nodes were punctured by EBUS-TBNA, 408 were malignancy. The rate of diagnosis for malignancy was 49.88%. The complica-tioncontained 1 in hemorrhage, 1 in infectionand no life-threatening conditionandno death. Conclusion The value ofdiagnosis in lung cancerisrelatively high with EBUS-TBNAin safety and efficient.

3.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1205-1208,1209, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600041

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship of plasma homocysteine with the genotype distribution of MTHFR and MTRR among Chinese Han women in Xiangtan. Methods MTHFR C677T, A1298C and MTRR A66G geno?typing was analyzed to detect the distribution of gene polymorphisms among 1 701 women from Xiangtan city then the data were compared with the rest of the Han women in Zibo, Zhengzhou, Yantai, Zhenjiang, Songzi, Huizhou, Qionghai. Plasma Hcy levels from 110 patients were measured and analyzed the correlation with gene polymorphisms. Results The frequency of MTHFR C677T genotype and allele frequencies in Xiangtan is 12.6%which is higher than Huizhou (10.9%) and Qionghai (6.1%) but lower than Zibo (43.6%), Zhengzhou (36.8%), Yantai (32.2%), Zhenjiang (21.8%) with statistically significant dif?ference (P<0.05). There is no significant different in MTHFR C677T between Xiangtan and Songzi. The frequency of MTH?FR A1298C genotype and allele frequencies in Xiangtan is 4.8%which is lower than Qionghai(7.1%)but higher than Zibo (1.4%),Zhengzhou(2.4%), Yantai(1.8%), Zhenjiang(3.5%)and Songzi(2.6%)with statistically significant difference. The frenquency of MTRR A66G genotype and allele frequencies in Xiangtan is 6.8%which is higher than Zibo (4.8%) but lower than Qionghai (9.3%) with statistically signifcant difference. Plasma Hcy concentration correlate with MTHFR C677T, Hcy concentration in TT population is higher than that in CT and CC population(μmol/L:8.52±2.01 vs 5.94±1.47 vs 5.71± 0.18);Plasma Hcy concentration also correlate with MTHFR A1298C and Hcy concentration in CC population is higher than AA and AC population(μmol/L:9.83 ± 2.26 vs 6.35 ± 2.13 vs 5.55 ± 1.75);Plasma Hcy concentration does not correlate with MTRR A66G. Conclusion The gene polymorphism of MTHFR C677T, A1298C and MTRR A66G among the Han women in Xiangtan was statistically different from other selected regions of China. Mutation in MTHFR C 677T and A1298C were associated with elevated plasma levels of Hcy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 324-326, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430513

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of micro-screw on the intrusion of lower incisors and the leveling of curve of Spee in the process of orthotherapy.Methods Fifteen patients (5 males,10 females) with deep-bite were selected,aged from 11.3 to 28.8 years,with average of 17.2 years.All of them were Angle Class Ⅱ Classification 1 malocclusion and had a curve of Spee larger than 3 mm.Orthotherapy of extraction was adopted for the first premolars of two upper mandible and second premolars of two lower mandible.All these patients had micro-screws implanted at root apex area between lower lateral incisor and canine bilaterally,and when the 0.457 mm× 0.635 mm (0.018 in ×0.025 in) Ni-Tisquare wire was internalized,the strength of intrusion from micro-screws was used.Lateral cephalometric radiographs were taken before loading the micro-screw and immediately when the curve of Spee was leveled.Two linear and two angular measurements were selected for cephalometric analysis.Results The following results were noted: the lower incisors were significantly intruded for a mean of (4.10±0.98) mm; the mandibular molars were not significantly extruded for a mean of (0.91±0.69) mm; some lower incisors proclined and some lower incisors retroclined for a mean of (-0.09±4.12)°.After bite opening,the mandibular plane angle was minimally altered for a mean of (0.25±0.70)°; the ratio of lower incisor intrusioin to lower molar extrusion was 4.5: 1.0.Conclusions The combined use of micro screw with Ni-Ti wire is capable of enhancing the intrusion of lower incisors and leveling the curve of Spee,and it has minimal side effects on the posterior teeth.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 179-183, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424597

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the expressions of p75NTR,Bax and Bcl-2 and cell apoptosis in rat cortical neurons following mechanical injury and discuss the mechanism and mutual action way during the apoptosis of rat neurons after mechanical injury.Methods Cortical neuron cultures were prepared from the brain tissues of day 17 rat embryos and were exposed to mechanical injury seven days after seeding.After the traumatic neuron injury models were created,the apoptosis ratio of neurons was tested at several time points.The models were divided into the minor,moderate,severe injury groups according to the injury severity and the control group.The expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 in each group were detected by immunohistochemistry method and that of p75NTR by Western-blot.Combining with cellular apoptosis ratio in each group shown after FCM analysis,the correlation between the expressions of p75NTR,Bax and Bcl-2 and the apoptosis in rat neurons after mechanical injury could be analyzed.ResultsThe apoptosis ratio of the neurons in all the injury groups was obviously higher than that in the control group,with significantly higher apoptosis ratio of the neurons in the severe injury group than the minor and moderate injury groups (P <0.05).P75NTR,Bax and Bcl-2 were all expressed in all the injury groups,with statistical differences between groups.The expression of Bax in the severe injury group was significantly higher than that in the minor and moderate injury groups(P < 0.05 ). Conclusions p75NTR expression and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio are closely correlated with neuron apoptosis.The early expression of p75NTR may be one of mechnisms for neuronal apoptosis after neuron injury,when Bax and Bcl-2 may be involved.

6.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 8907-8910, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423843

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Permanent or transient implantation of biomaterials can result in biomaterials-centered infections (BCI) in lung cancer patients.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between BCI and peripheral blood transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) in patients with lung cancer.METHODS: A total of 248 lung cancer patients undergoing in vivo intravascular catheter indwelling > 7 days were included.Quantitative method was used for intubation, bacteriological culture and paired blood culture, and API Staph strips were adopted for positive patients. While enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect TGF-β1 levels in the peripheral blood of patients with lung cancer and 75 healthy volunteers as normal controls.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Among the 248 patients, there were 82 BCI-positive cases, and 166 BCI-negative cases.Thirteen patients were confirmed to have catheter-related bloodstream infection. There were 48 Gram-positive bacteria, 24Gram-negative bacilli, and 10 fungal. The levels of TGF-β1 were higher in BCI-positive patients than BCI-negative patients (P < 0.05); the levels of TGF-β1 in the BCI-negative group were higher than those in the normal control group (P < 0.05). For lung cancer patients with nosocomial infection induced BCI, there are various species of pathogenic bacteria, and Gram-positive bacteria are more common. To detect TGF-β1 levels in patients with lung cancer is of significance for early prevention of BCI.

7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 517-521, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323840

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>The coal-fired pollution in Xuanwei area has been considered to be local main reason for high incidence of female lung cancer. The aim of this study is to explore the expression of PAH-DNA adducts in lung tissues of Xuanwei female lung cancer patients and to explore the relationship between the large number of coal-fired pollution PAHs materials and the high incidence of Xuanwei female lung cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We totally collected each 20 cases of Xuanwei female lung cancer patients, Xuanwei male lung cancer patients, Non-Xuanwei female lung cancer patients and collect each 10 cases of Xuanwei, Non-Xuanwei female patients with benign lung lesions. The cancer tissues, adjacent cancer tissues and normal lung tissues were collected in lung cancer patients and only the normal tissues were collected in benign lung lesion patients. There were total 80 cases and 200 tissues. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of PAH-DNA adducts in each group. Image pro-plus 6.0 software was used to analyze the images and part quantified analysis. SPSS 13.0 statistical software was used to analyze the data.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive expression of PAH-DNA adducts in lung cancer tissues, adjacent cancer tissues and normal lung tissues of Xuanwei female lung cancer patients were 90%, 80% and 65%. They were higher than the positive expression of PAH-DNA adducts in Xuanwei male lung cancer patients (35%, 30%, 30%) and Non-Xuanwei female lung cancer patients (20%, 15%, 10%) (P < 0.01). The expressions in lung tissues ofXuanwei female benign lung lesion patients (positive expression is 70%) were higher than it in Non-Xuanwei female benign lung lesion patients (positive expression is 10%). With the direction changing from cancer tissues, adjacent cancer tissues to normal lung tissues, the expressions of PAH-DNA adducts were decreased but had no statistical difference (P > 0.05S).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expressions of PAH-DNA adducts in lung tissues of Xuanwei female were higher than which in Xuanwei male and Non-Xuanwei female.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Air Pollution, Indoor , Coal , DNA Adducts , Lung , Chemistry , Lung Neoplasms , Chemistry , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 102-106, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294851

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>Fast track surgery (FTS) is a systematical method to accelerate the recovery of surgical patients by reducing the physical and mental trauma stress of them. The research is to investigate the feasibility of FTS application in lung cancer surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 80 cases of lung cancer patients with single leaf lobotomy resection were randomized into two groups. While the experimental group was treated with the conception of FTS, and the control group was treated with the traditional methods. The incident rate of post-operation pain degrees, telecasts, pleural effusion, the post-operation time stay in hospital time and the total cost during hospitalization in two groups were compared respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In FTS group: the VAS score of post-operation pain at 1 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h and 48 h all significantly decreased compared to the traditional therapy group. The incidence rate of telecast was 10.53%. The incidence rate of pleural effusion was 26.31%. The length of stay after operation was (4 +/- 1) d and the total cost was RMB 15 600 +/- 7 600. In the control group, the above values were 77.78%, 33.33%, 22.22%, (9 +/- 1) d, RMB 23 600 +/- 5 400, respectively. The post operation pain (VAS method) of FTS group was remarkablely below the control group. There has significant difference of the incident rate of telecasts, stay time in hospital and the total cast in two groups (P < 0.05). No significant difference was observed in the incident rate ofpleural effusion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new methods of FTS can apparently accelerates recovery after lung cancer resection, reduces complications, shorten timestay in hospital and cut down the total cost.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lung Neoplasms , General Surgery , Pulmonary Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 7777-7780, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406939

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Studies have demonstrated that prosthetic valve endocarditis is primarily caused by bacteria adhering on the surface of the materials.Thus,the relationship of prosthetic valve materials with bacteria adhesion and growth is an important subject.OBJECTIVE:To explore the influence of prosthetic valve materials on bacteria growth through observing the relationship of bacteria adhesion on prosthetic valve materials and bacteria growth.DESIGN,TIME AND SETTING:Repetitive measurement was performed at the Department of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgery,Third Hospital of Kunming Medical College from January to March 2001.MATERIALS:Terylene(Dacron)was purchased from Man-made Blood Vessel Laboratory of Suzhou Weaves Belt Factory;polytetrafluoroethylene was provided by Teflon-GoreTexW.L.Gore & Associates,Inc.Arizona,USA;pyrolytic carbon was provided by Department of Biological Material of Sichuan Union University;staphylococcus anreus,Escherichia coli,staphylococcus epidermidis,and Pseudomonas aerugmosa were prepared by our laboratory.METHODS:The growth curve of staphylococcus aureus,staphylococcus epidermidis,Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa on dacron,pyrolytic carbon and pelytetrafluoroethylene were quantitatively determined respectively by plate counting and gamma.ray counting of 125 Ⅰ radiolabeled bacteria in vitro.Bacteria growing normally served as control.All bacteria were cultured for 30 hours,and bacteria concentration was determined every 2 hours.In addition,the adhesive capacities of foMr kinds of bacteria on dacron,pyrolytic carbon and polytetrafluoroethylene were detected Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa on dacron,pyrolytic carbon and polytetrafluoroethytene.RESULTS:There were no significant differences in adhesive capacities of each bacterium on dacron,pyrolytic carbon and polytetrafluoroethylene at the same time point(P>0.05).The differences in growth curve of four kinds of bacteria on prosthetic valve materials were not remarkable compared to the control(P>0.05).Different bacteria showed different adhesion degree on the materials:staphylococcus aureus exhibited strongest adhesion on dacron;staphylococcus epidermidis on pyrolytic carbon;Escherichia coli on dacron.The adhesive capacity of Pseudomonas aerugmosa on dacron reached peak within 12 hours,and gradually decreased,but maintained strong adhesion on the other materials.The adhesive capacmes of four bacteria on the materials did not increase or maintain with time.CONCLUSION:The adhesive capacity of one bacterium to different artificial valve materials and different bacteria to one prosthetic valve materials is different.The materials.show little influence on bacterium growth cycle.

10.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12)1989.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528948

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the significance and curative effects of intrapericardial pneumonectomy and atria part resection in lung cancer operation.Methods Fifty eight patients of lung cancer were performed with intrapericardial pneumonectomy and atria part resection.Results The operative mortality rate was 0.The incidence rate of complications in post-operation was 36.21%,a majority of which was arrhythmia and occupied 18.97%.Conclusion The application of intrapericardial pneumonectomy and atria part resection in lung cancer operation can not only improve the resection rate but also can offer the opportunity of absolute resection and further therapy in a part of lung cancer patients.

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