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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935295

ABSTRACT

To explore the protective immune effect induced by mucosal delivery heparin-binding hemagglutinin (HBHA)-a candidate vaccine antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Female C57BL/6 mice were between 6 and 8 weeks of age before experimental use. Thirty mice received different immunization strategies and were randomly divided into the control group, the early secreting antigen target-6 (ESAT-6) intranasal immunization group, the HBHA intranasal immunization group, the BCG priming PBS control group, or BCG priming HBHA boost group, 6 mice in each group. In order to analyzed the immune effect, the concentrations of plasma Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and other cytokines were measured by ELISA. Quantitative real-time PCR analyses were performed to detect the relative quantity (RQ) mRNA of IL-17A in the lung. The lung tissue sections were stained to detect the formation of the tertiary lymphoid structures. The chemokines contributed to formation of the tertiary lymphoid structures were also measured. Flow cytometry was used to detect the frequency of Th1 and Th17 cells in the system. Sixty mice in the BCG priming PBS control group and the BCG priming HBHA boost group were sacrificed at different time points after infection to count the lung bacterial burden. The concentrations of plasma IL-17A and relative quantity of lung IL-17A mRNA were highest in the BCG priming HBHA boost group [(14.76±4.73) pg/mL,RQ (12.27±6.71)], which was significantly higher than the control group [(5.57±2.95) pg/mL,RQ (1.30±0.97)] (t=4.213, P<0.001; t=5.984, P<0.001), and also significantly higher than the BCG priming PBS control group [(6.81±2.18) pg/mL,RQ (1.44±1.16)] (t=3.646 P=0.001; t=6.185 P<0.001). Compared with the BCG priming PBS control group (0.38±0.38)% the frequency of spleen Th17 cells were also significantly increased (t=-0.280 , P=0.048) in the BCG-primary HBHA boost group (1.02±0.34)%. In addition, HBHA boosting could promote better formation of the tertiary lymphoid structures in the lung, and decrease the bacterial load on the early stage after BCG challenge. Collectively, mucosal delivery of HBHA can effectively enhance the protective effect after BCG vaccination, and it is a potential candidate vaccine component.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Bacterial , Bacterial Proteins , Female , Humans , Immunization, Secondary , Interleukin-17 , Lectins , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Tuberculosis/prevention & control , Tuberculosis Vaccines
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide insight into the diagnosis for clinicians, the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment history of 3 patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) and testicular adrenal rest tumors (TART) were analyzed.Methods:The clinical, laboratory and imaging data of 3 male patients with 21-OHD and TART, confirmed with CYP21 gene sequencing, from May 2010 to May 2021 in the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital were analyzed retrospectively. The treatment strategy and clinical outcome were followed up.Results:All the 3 patients were first diagnosed with bilateral adrenal mass at the age of 27-42 years old. They were 145-162 cm tall. The levels of progesterone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) of the 3 patients were relatively high, and that of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) of the 3 patients were low. Testosterone level of 1 patient was significantly elevated, and that of the other 2 patients was below the lower limit of normal range. Testicular ultrasound showed heterogeneous hyperechoic masses in both testes. CT of the adrenal glands showed bilateral adrenal enlargement with mass. All 3 patients were treated with dexamethasone. After 4-96 months of follow-up, 17-hydroxyprogesterone level was kept above the median normal level. One of the patients got married and had a baby after treatment. The sizes of adrenal hyperplasia and testicular masses reduced to various degrees with the change of the testicular masses being proportional to that of adrenal hyperplasia.Conclusions:Patients with 21-OHD are prone to have TART, leading to the impaired testicular function. Early glucocorticold therapy is beneficial to the reduction of TART and restoration of testicular function.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyzed clinical characteristics of pituitary growth hormone(GH) adenomas patients with different responses to oral glucose inhibitory GH test.Methods:The clinical data of 50 patients with pituitary GH adenomas newly diagnosed with complete test data and case data in the Department of Endocrinology of Chinese PLA General Hospital was retrospectively analyzed from 2016 to 2021. The cases were divided into two groups according to the cutoff point of GH elevating to 50% of basaline during oral glucose test: abnormal elevation group(A group, n=16) and non-elevation group(B group, n=34). The clinical features, biochemistry, iconography, and immunohistochemistry of the two groups were analyzed. Results:The serum total cholesterol(TC)[(3.9±0.8) vs (4.6±0.9)mmol/L], 120 minutes insulin after glucose loading [11.2(4.4, 25.0) vs 92.0(10.8, 311.8)mU/L], long [1.0(0.4, 2.1) vs 1.5(0.5, 7.3) cm] and short[0.6(0.3, 1.3) vs 1.0(0.5, 5.8)cm] diameters of adenomas in A group were less than those in B group(all P<0.05) while insulin-like growth factor Ⅰ(IGF-Ⅰ) level was higher [(908.2±233.7) vs (743.1±273.1) ng/mL, P<0.05]. There were no significant differences in sex, age, disease course, clinical features, random GH, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR), pituitary adenoma site, and invasive properties between the two groups. The immunohistochemical positive rates of ACTH(33% vs 0%) and prolactin(100% vs 28.6%)in A group were higher than those in B group( P<0.05). Conclusion:Pituitary GH adenomas patients with a paradoxical GH response pattern display lower serum TC and 120 minutes insulin levels as well as higher IGF-Ⅰ concentration and proportion of pituitary microadenomas. " Pure" growth hormone tumors may represent entities of a particular class of diseases in acromegaly.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of preoperative serum HBV DNA levels on prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients undergoing hepatectomy with curative intent.Methods:The clinical data of patients with HCC treated by hepatectomy with curative intent at the Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the preoperative serum HBV DNA levels, patients were divided into three groups: the control group (HBV DNA negative), the low load group (<10 4 copy/ml) and the high load group (≥10 4 copy/ml). The clinical data of these patients were collected and long-term survival outcomes of these patients were followed-up. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to compare the overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates among the three groups. Using the Barcelona clinic liver cancer classification (BCLC), patients with different serum HBV DNA levels were further divided into three subgroups: stage 0/A, stage B and stage C. The OS and RFS rates of patients in each of these subgroups were compared. Results:Of 1 180 patients who were enrolled in the study, there were 1 024 males and 156 females, aged (48.6±10.8) years. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates for patients in the control group ( n=258) were 91.5%, 79.3% and 74.9%, respectively; while those in the low load group ( n=289) were 87.2%, 68.6% and 61.6%, respectively; and those in the high load group ( n=633) were 85.4%, 68.9% and 60.7%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates in the control group were significantly better than those in the low load group and the high load group ( P<0.05). The 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates in the control group were significantly higher than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). Subgroup analysis showed that in the BCLC 0/A subgroup ( n=786) the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS rates in the control group were significantly better than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). In the BCLC B subgroup ( n=181), the 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates in the control group were significantly higher than those in the high load group ( P<0.05). In the BCLC C subgroup ( n=214), there were no significant differences in the 1-, 3- and 5-year OS and 1-, 2- and 3-year RFS rates among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For HCC patients undergoing hepatectomy with curative intent, the higher the preoperative serum HBV-DNA level, the worse the long-term survival outcomes.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906162

ABSTRACT

The Leguminosae perennial vines of Callerya and Millettia have many species and wide distribution, not only can be used for medicines, but also they have ornamental and insecticidal effects. With increasing demand for Spatholobi Caulis, and the reserves of wild medicinal materials are on the verge of exhaustion, resulting in the increasing number of mixtures and substitutes in the market, which makes it urgent to study the origin of Spatholobi Caulis. By referring to related literature, there are three major origins of Spatholobi Caulis, including Callerya, Millettia and Spatholobus. Callerya is separated from Millettia, they are divided and united for many times, now the official website of Flora of China has accepted the revision of them as two genera. This paper intends to compare the chemical components and pharmacodynamic effects of Callerya and Millettia, aiming to explore the similarities and differences between the two genera, so as to determine the rationality and necessity of separating Callerya from Millettia. After comparing, it was found that the chemical composition and pharmacodynamic effects of the two genera were different, which supported the separation of Callerya from Millettia, and it was not recommended to mix use of them.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888777

ABSTRACT

Six new oligomeric neolignans including two trimeric neolignans (1 and 2) and four dimeric neolignans (3-6) were isolated from the leaves of Magnolia officinalis var. biloba. Their structures were determined based on HR-ESIMS and NMR data, as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compound 1 is formed from two obovatol moieties directly linked to an aromatic ring of the remaining obovatol moiety, which is an unprecedented type of linkage between monomers. All isolates were assessed for their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells. Compounds 1 and 3 showed significantly inhibitory activities with IC


Subject(s)
Animals , Lignans/pharmacology , Magnolia/chemistry , Mice , Molecular Structure , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves/chemistry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885161

ABSTRACT

Diabetes is the most important comorbidity of cardiovascular disease, and cardiovascular disease is the main cause of mortality and disability of patients with type 2 diabetes. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the National Health Commission Capacity Building and Continuing Education Center organized the experts from the field of cardiology and endocrinology systematically reviewing the research progresses and expert experiences of relevant disciplines from home and abroad, and formulated this consensus. This consensus covers the diagnosis, drug treatment, and risk factor management for patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease (including atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and heart failure) from the perspective of cardiovascular disease and diabetes management aiming to strengthen the comprehensive management of patients and ultimately to improve the prognosis of patients. The management of cardiovascular diseases mainly includes the management of blood pressure, blood lipids, anti-thrombosis, anti-myocardial ischemia, anti-ventricular remodeling and so on. Diabetes management mainly includes lifestyle intervention (including diet, exercise, weight loss, etc.), anti-hyperglycemia therapy (including drugs and insulin), blood glucose monitoring, and hypoglycemic prevention. In addition, specific clinical recommendations are given to patients with special health care needs such as diabetic nephropathy, elderly (>75 years), and cardiovascular critical illness.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of fulminant type 1 diabetes (FT1DM) in China.Methods:Clinical data of 279 cases related to FT1DM in Chinese Database from January 2005 to December 2018 were collected, and other 20 patients from our hospital were included in the present study.Results:(1) There has been a progressive increasing in the number of reported cases every year in China, and the number in the southern region were significantly more than that in the northern region. (2) The median age of the onset of FT1DM patients in China was 32.5 years old, without significant gender difference. Moreover, 36.5% (54/148) of the female patients caught the disease during their prenatal period, most of them were onset in the second or third trimesters of pregnancy and 2 weeks after delivery (37/40), and the prognosis of the fetus was extremely poor. (3) Compared with new-onset type 1 diabetes, FT1DM patients were younger, and with higher blood glucose [(39.7±15.3) vs (21.2 ± 9.9) mmol/L], higher serum creatinine [(188.4±115.9) vs (51.8 ±23.1) μmol/L], and higher amylase levels [245.5 (26.0-5 137.0) vs 54.7 (14.0-404.9) U/L]. FT1DM patients were with more severe acidosis, and lower HbA 1C level [(6.6 ±0.8)% vs (12.9 ± 2.5)%, P<0.01]. (4) FT1DM patients may combine with multiple organ dysfunction or severe metabolic disorders, electrolyte disorders, as well as liver and kidney dysfunctions, and elevation of amylase and muscle enzymes. Conclusion:FT1DM are with some clinical characteristics different from classic new-onset type 1 diabetes, including adult-onset, frequent in the southern China. Pregnancy may be a predisposing factor for female patients. Significant metabolic disorders and multiple organ involvements are common in the patients with FT1DM.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921939

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes and complications of hip arthroscopic treatment for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) performed with either Inside-out or Outside-in approach.@*METHODS@#The clinical date of 48 patients with FAI treated by hip arthroscopy surgery and follow-up from June 2016 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different operative methods, the patients were divided into two groups. Inside-out group, from central compartment to peripheral compartment;Outside-in group, from peripheral compartment to central compartment. There were 14 males and 10 females in Inside-out group with an averageage of (39.8±7.6)years old, 13 males and 11 females in Inside-out group with an average age of (39.5±9.1)years old in Outside-in group. There was no significant difference in age, gender, body mass index, side, impingement type, medical history and follow-up time between the two groups. The complication occurrence rate, modified Harris hip score (mHHS)and nonarthritic hip score (NAHS) were compared between these two groups.@*RESULTS@#The mHHs and NAHS scores of the two groups were significantly higher than those before operation, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Both hip arthroscopic surgery methods can obtain satisfactory clinical efficacy in the treatment of FAI, but the incidence of postoperative complications of Outside-in surgical method is lower. The out-side in method can be preferentially selected for the patients with the indications of operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Joint/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878947

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the molecular mechanism of Spatholobi Caulis in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) was studied through network pharmacology and molecular docking analysis. With traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) Spatholobi Caulis as the study object, active ingredients of Spatholobi Caulis and corresponding potential drug targets were obtained from Traditio-nal Chinese Medicine Pharmacology Platform(TCMSP) database; GeneCards database was used to collect cancer-related genes; Cytoscape software was used to build Spatholobi Caulis active ingredient-target-pathway relationship network. DAVID database was used for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of targets, KEGG signaling pathway was visualized, and compounds were screened out for molecular docking. Finally, in vitro experiments on human lung cancer cells, A549 treated with luteolin and licochalcone A were used to preliminarily verify the core targets and pathways, cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 method, and expressions of caspase-3 and Bax protein were detected by Western blot. A total of 23 active components and 170 potential drug targets were selected from Spatholobi Caulis, involving 127 pathways in total. Molecular docking results showed that licochalcone A,(Z)-3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-N-[2-(4-hydroxy-phenyl) ethyl] acrylamide, consumeclose grain successfully docked with the key target EGFR, and binding energy of the three compounds was less than-5 kcal·mol~(-1). CCK-8 results showed that luteolin, licochalcone A, and Spatholobi Caulis extract had the inhibitory effect on human lung cancer A549 cells. Western blot showed that luteolin, licochalcone A and Spatholobi Caulis extract could induce cell apoptosis by increasing the expressions of pro-apoptotic factors caspase-3 and Bax. In this study, the anti-lung cancer effect of Spatholobi Caulis was studied through network pharmacology and molecular docking, in order to provide ideas for the molecular mechanism of Spatholobi Caulis in the treatment of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 829-839, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878056

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#MicroRNAs are closely associated with the progression and outcomes of multiple human diseases, including sepsis. In this study, we examined the role of miR-23a in septic injury.@*METHODS@#Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to induce sepsis in a rat model and H9C2 and HK-2 cells. miR-23a expression was evaluated in rat myocardial and kidney tissues, as well as H9C2 and HK-2 cells. A miR-23a mimic was introduced into cells to identify the role of miR-23a in cell viability, apoptosis, and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, the effect of Rho-associated kinase 1 (ROCK1), a miR-23a target, on cell damage was evaluated, and molecules involved in the underlying mechanism were identified.@*RESULTS@#In the rat model, miR-23a was poorly expressed in myocardial (sham vs. sepsis 1.00 ± 0.06 vs. 0.27 ± 0.03, P < 0.01) and kidney tissues (sham vs. sepsis 0.27 ± 0.03 vs. 1.00 ± 0.06, P < 0.01). Artificial overexpression of miR-23a resulted in increased proliferative activity (DNA replication rate: Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 34.13 ± 3.12 vs. 12.94 ± 1.21 vs. 13.31 ± 1.43 vs. 22.94 ± 2.26, P < 0.05; HK-2 cells: 15.17 ± 1.43 vs. 34.52 ± 3.46 vs. 35.19 ± 3.12 vs. 19.87 ± 1.52, P < 0.05), decreased cell apoptosis (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 11.39 ± 1.04 vs. 32.57 ± 2.29 vs. 33.08 ± 3.12 vs. 21.63 ± 2.35, P < 0.05; HK-2 cells: 15.17 ± 1.43 vs. 34.52 ± 3.46 vs. 35.19 ± 3.12 vs. 19.87 ± 1.52, P < 0.05), and decreased production of inflammatory cytokines, including interleukin-6 (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 59.61 ± 5.14 vs. 113.54 ± 12.30 vs. 116.51 ± 10.69 vs. 87.69 ± 2.97 ng/mL; P < 0.05, F = 12.67, HK-2 cells: 68.12 ± 6.44 vs. 139.65 ± 16.62 vs. 143.51 ± 13.64 vs. 100.82 ± 9.74 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 9.83) and tumor necrosis factor-α (Control vs. LPS vs. LPS + Mock vs. LPS + miR-23a: H9C2 cells: 103.20 ± 10.31 vs. 169.67 ± 18.84 vs. 173.61 ± 15.91 vs. 133.36 ± 12.32 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 12.67, HK-2 cells: 132.51 ± 13.37 vs. 187.47 ± 16.74 vs. 143.51 ± 13.64 vs. 155.79 ± 15.31 ng/mL, P < 0.05, F = 9.83) in cells. However, ROCK1 was identified as a miR-23a target, and further up-regulation of ROCK1 mitigated the protective function of miR-23a in LPS-treated H9C2 and HK-2 cells. Moreover, ROCK1 suppressed sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) expression to promote the phosphorylation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) p65, indicating the possible involvement of this signaling pathway in miR-23a-mediated events.@*CONCLUSION@#Our results indicate that miR-23a could suppress LPS-induced cell damage and inflammatory cytokine secretion by binding to ROCK1, mediated through the potential participation of the SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line , Cytokines , Inflammation/genetics , Lipopolysaccharides , MicroRNAs/genetics , NF-kappa B , Rats , Sirtuin 1 , rho-Associated Kinases/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877554

ABSTRACT

The employment situation and advantages of interdisciplinary talents of English and acupuncture-moxibustion and


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Employment , Language , Moxibustion
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 314-318, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879762

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the trend in semen quality of infertile male patients in Wenzhou, China, based on the data obtained from 38 905 patients during 2008-2016 in The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University (Wenzhou, China). The results showed that only 24.9% of the patients had normal semen quality. For the semen quality of infertile male patients, that of the workers and 40-year-olds was significantly worse than the other occupational and age groups. For all the infertile patients, low semen volume, asthenozoospermia, and teratozoospermia accounted for 8.4%, 50.5%, and 54.1%, respectively. During 2008-2016, the annual mean percentage of fast forward motile spermatozoa, percentage of total forward motile spermatozoa, and percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology decreased linearly with slopes of -2.11, -2.59, and -0.70, respectively. The proportion of patients with asthenozoospermia and multi-abnormal spermatozoa increased during 2008-2016 with slopes of 4.70 and 4.87, respectively, while for low semen volume, it decreased with a slope of -0.47 in the same time period. The proportion of patients with teratozoospermia increased from 2008 to 2011 and from 2011 to 2016 with slopes of 17.10 and 2.09, respectively. In general, the deteriorating trend of semen quality of infertile male patients in Wenzhou was obvious. Future efforts should be made to reveal the adverse influences on semen quality, such as occupational exposure, environmental quality, and living habits. Furthermore, more pervasive reproduction health education is necessary.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the reproducibility of ultrasound measurements of children′s anterior, middle and posterior diaphragm motions.Methods:Thirty children admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit were positioned supine and a 5MHz ultrasound probe was placed over the intersection of their right midclavicular line with the costal margin. M-mode ultrasound was used to record the excursion and contraction velocity of the anterior, middle and posterior diaphragm during respiration. The observations were duplicated so the repeatability of the measurements could be evaluated using intra-group correlation coefficients calculated for the diaphragm excursions and the contraction velocities. Analysis of variance was used to explore the differences in excursion and contraction velocity among different parts of the diaphragm.Results:The intra-group correlation coefficients calculated for the anterior, middle and posterior diaphragm were 0.89, 0.95 and 0.90 respectively. The corresponding values for the contraction velocities were 0.90, 0.94 and 0.95 respectively. Both variables measured by ultrasound showed high repeatability. The average anterior, middle and posterior diaphragm excursion values (in mm) were 8.1±3.1, 7.4±3.0 and 5.5±2.3, and the corresponding average contraction velocities (in mm/s) were 12.5±4.8, 11.5±6.3 and 8.9±4.0.Conclusions:Measurements of children′s diaphragm motions using ultrasound show high repeatability. The excursions and contraction velocities of the anterior, middle and posterior diaphragm differ in children. The motion of one part of the diaphragm cannot represent the functioning of the entire diaphragm.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870048

ABSTRACT

This article reported a case of malignant pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma with cranial metastasis. The patient was a 25-year-old man. At the age of 10, he was diagnosed with retroperitoneal paraganglioma. He received radiotherapy after partial resection of the tumor. At the age of 15, when he consulted for headache and hypertension, a space occupying lesion was found on the right adrenal without further diagnosis and treatment. His headache and hypertension were aggravated at the age of 25. Then he visited our medical center and diagnosed with right adrenal pheochromocytoma. He undertook an operation to remove the right adrenal lesion, and his blood pressured could be controlled in the normal range with oral antihypertensive medication. One year after the surgery, a cranial lesion with positive 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine imaging was found following the increase of norepinephrine and dopamine in both blood and urine. The diagnosis of malignant pheochromocytoma with cranial metastasis was confirmed. The cranial lesion was treated with cyberknife therapy for 4 times, and the lesion was slightly reduced. Four year after the removal of right adrenal tumor, he developed multiple bone metastasis in the right ribs and left ilium, and then he received 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine radiotherapy. Additionally, the results of gene test indicated a pathogenic mutation of SDHB. During the follow-up period of one year after the treatment, his blood pressure fluctuated to about 140/90mmHg with 10mg of phenoxybenzamine once a day. The case is a malignant pheochromocytoma with multiple bone metastasis characterized by a long course with an ideal prognosis in a way. Consequently, we suggested the diagnostic pathway with genetic testing based on clinical phenotype to approach more timely diagnosis and reasonable evaluation of the prognosis in pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma. Furthermore, clinicians should pay more attention to the long-term surveillance.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870011

ABSTRACT

Cushing′s syndrome during pregnancy is a very rare clinical condition, but can be seriously detrimental to mothers and fetuses. The gestation could lead to an increase of endogenous adrenal cortisol which could mimick the symptoms of Cushing′s syndrome and also cause difficulty in biochemical diagnosis. Moreover, the therapy of Cushing′s syndrome need to be optimized based on the classification of the pathogenesis, the timing of terminating pregnancy should be considered prudently and comprehensively in this condition. This article mainly reviews the diagnosis and therapies of Cushing′s syndrome concomitant with pregnancy and provides possible suggestions for the management of this condition.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868816

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the impact of gender on prognosis in patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy.Methods:The data of 1 796 patients with HCC who underwent liver resection at the Guangxi Medical University Cancer Hospital from January 2010 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 1 548 males and 248 females, the average age were 49.6 years. Patients were followed up for recurrence and survival. After propensity score matching, the postoperative survival rates of male and female patients were compared. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression was used to analyze independent factors affecting prognosis of patients with HCC after hepatectomy. The age and menopause were analyzed by subgroup analyses.Results:The 1-, 3- and 5-years cumulative overall and recurrence-free survival rates of male patients were significantly lower than that of female patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that female was an independent protective factor affecting postoperative recurrence ( HR=0.777, 95% CI: 0.615-0.982) and overall survival ( HR=0.669, 95% CI: 0.520-0.856). Using a cut-off value of 50 years old, the patients were divided into <50 years old ( n=915) and ≥50 years old ( n=881). In patients who were less than 50 years old, the 1-, 3- and 5-years cumulative overall and recurrence-free survival rates of male patients were significantly lower than those of female patients (all P<0.05). In patients ≥50 years old, there were no significant difference in the cumulative overall and recurrence-free survival rates between male and female patients (all P>0.05). Female patients were then divided into the postmenopausal group ( n=152) and the premenopausal group ( n=96). There were no significant differences in the cumulative overall and cumulative recurrence-free survival rates between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The prognosis of female patients with HCC after hepatectomy was significantly better than that of male patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799346

ABSTRACT

Cushing′s syndrome during pregnancy is a very rare clinical condition, but can be seriously detrimental to mothers and fetuses. The gestation could lead to an increase of endogenous adrenal cortisol which could mimick the symptoms of Cushing′s syndrome and also cause difficulty in biochemical diagnosis. Moreover, the therapy of Cushing′s syndrome need to be optimized based on the classification of the pathogenesis, the timing of terminating pregnancy should be considered prudently and comprehensively in this condition. This article mainly reviews the diagnosis and therapies of Cushing′s syndrome concomitant with pregnancy and provides possible suggestions for the management of this condition.

19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 938-943, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880296

ABSTRACT

With the continuous improvement of living conditions, increasing attention is being drawn to the genitourinary health of males, which has boomed the development of uroandrology in recent years. Refractory hemospermia, infertility, and perineal pain are commonly seen in some male patients, and mainly relied on medical imaging for diagnosis in the past, which, however, has a high pseudopositive rate and cannot give an etiological explanation. Patients with these diseases often adopt conservative treatments such as medication and physiotherapy, often with poor prognosis, and those suffering frequent recurrence used to be treated by transurethral resection, laparoscopic surgery or open surgery, which are now rarely employed due to their high rate of postoperative complications, slow recovery, and easy recurrence. In recent years, transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy has gained a wide application in the diagnosis and treatment of the above-mentioned uroandrological diseases and shown its advantages of high clinical effectiveness and low incidence of complications. The review updates on the indications, methods, skills and clinical application of transurethral seminal vesiculoscopy.


Subject(s)
Andrology/trends , Hemospermia , Humans , Male , Postoperative Complications , Recurrence , Seminal Vesicles/surgery , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 927-940, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880214

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have good efficacy on most advanced tumors, which brings new hope to patients with advanced tumors. However, the immune system activated by ICIs may attack human normal tissues and organs, resulting in corresponding immunotoxicity, such as checkpoint inhibitor pneumonitis. This article carried out a meta-analysis on the incidence and risk of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death protein ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor-associated pneumonia in advanced tumors patients.@*METHODS@#The computer retrieval of PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMbase and CNKI was performed, and the studies on the occurrence rate of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor-associated pneumonia in terminal cancer patients were collected, with the retrieval time limit of January 2000 to January 2020. Statistical analysis was conducted by using Revman 5.3 and R 3.6.2 software to compare the occurrence rate of pneumonia under different circumstances.@*RESULTS@#15 studies were included, involving 8,642 patients, of which those with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor were treatment group, and those with chemotherapy were control group. The odds radio of all grades of immune pneumonia was 6.63, and that of high grade was 4.87. The occurrence rate of all grades of pneumonia in the ICI group with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was 1.658 times than other tumors, and that of high grade was 2.299 times. The occurrence rate of all grades of pneumonia in second-line or more treatment with ICI was 0.489 times than that in first-line, and that of high grade was 0.449 times than that in first-line or more treatment with ICI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with chemotherapy, the risk of immune-associated pneumonia is higher in PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors, and its occurrence risk is high in the ICI group with NSCLC and the first-line treatment with ICI. This paper provides guidance for clinic treatment of terminal cancers and prevention of complications.

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