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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between fragment size of ulnar coronoid process fracture and patient prognosis.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 34 patients who had been treated at Department of Orthopaedics, The Second Hospital Affiliated to Lanzhou University for fracture of ulnar coronoid process combined with elbow dislocation from July 2016 to December 2020. They were assigned into 2 groups according to their different treatments. In the surgery (internal fixation) group of 23 cases, there were 15 males and 8 females, aged from 22 to 71 years; in the conservative treatment group of 11 cases, there were 8 males and 3 females, aged from 38 to 78 years. Preoperatively, the sizes of coronoid process and fracture fragments were measured by elbow CT scan and 3D reconstruction, and a size-weighted ratio Z (%) corresponding to the fragment of coronoid process fracture was calculated. At the last follow-up, American Hospital for Special Surgery total elbow scoring system (HSS2) score was used to assess their therapeutic efficacy, the correlation between the ratio Z and HSS2 score for elbow function was calculated, and complications were recorded.Results:There were no significant differences between the surgery and conservative treatment groups in gender or age ( P>0.05). All the 34 patients were followed up for 18 to 54 months (average, 36.7 months). At the last follow-up, the HSS2 score was 93.77±0.84 (from 82 to 98) for the surgery group and 86.00±1.42 (from 78 to 90) for the conservative treatment group; the complications rate was 13.04% (3/23) for the former and 63.64% (7/11) for the latter. There was a linear relationship between the size-weighted ratio Z of the coronoid fracture fragment and the HSS2 elbow function score in the surgery group ( P<0.01). The linear regression equation between them was: y=99.44-0.121x ( r2=0.86, P<0.01). There was a linear relationship between the size-weighted ratio Z of the coronoid fracture fragment and the HSS2 elbow function score in the conservative treatment group ( P<0.01). The linear regression equation between them was: y=89.46-0.144x ( r2=-0.91, P<0.01). When a HSS2 elbow joint function score 90 was substituted into both linear regression equations, the results were x=78.02 for the surgery group and x=3.75 for the conservative treatment group. Conclusions:Conservative treatment may not lead to a satisfactory prognosis for the patients with coronoid process fracture whose size-weighted ratio of fracture fragment is larger than 3.75. Open reduction and internal fixation usually leads to a satisfactory prognosis for those whose size-weighted ratio of fracture fragment is smaller than 78.02.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2611-2618, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921137

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nucleolar protein 6 (NOL6) is a nucleolar RNA-associated protein that is highly conserved between species. It has been proved to be associated with the prognosis of liver cancer. However, the underlying mechanism has not been fully established. This study aimed to assess the relationship between NOL6 and liver cancer prognosis.@*METHODS@#We constructed an NOL6-short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-expressing lentivirus. Through viral transfection, cell growth assay and fluorescence-activated cell sorting, we evaluated the effect of shRNA-mediated NOL6 knockdown on the proliferation, colony formation, and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The relationship between NOL6 expression and HCC patient survival has been established through bioinformatics analysis. We also explored the downstream molecular regulatory network of NOL6 in HCC by performing an Ingenuity Pathway Analysis in the database.@*RESULTS@#Increased NOL6 expression was detected in HCC cells compared to normal controls; HCC patients with high NOL6 expression had poorer prognoses than those with low expression. NOL6 knockdown inhibited HCC cell proliferation, apoptosis, and colony formation. Also, MAPK8, CEBPA, and FOSL1 were selected as potential downstream genes of NOL6.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NOL6 up-regulates HCC cell proliferation and affects downstream expression of related genes. Moreover, NOL6 is considered to be associated with poor prognosis in HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , Prognosis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882063

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 posed a huge threat to human health and social stability. With the rapid spread of the virus around the world, the drug development and related research of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) have become an urgent issue in the medical field. COVID-19 fails into the category of epidemics in the theory of TCM. LHQW capsule has repeatedly played an important role in many major epidemics. Previous studies have shown that LHQW capsule can inhibit the biological activity of varied viruses including MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV. The paper summarizes the relevant research data and achievements of LHQW capsule in the past few years, reviews the chemical constituents, clinical efficacy and pharmacological effects of LHQW capsule, and provides scientific basis for the anti-virus mechanism of LHQW capsule and clinical treatment of COVID-19.

4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 274-281, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The clinical symptoms of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) can be effectively improved by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) treatment, based on the usage of specific therapies for different TCM syndromes. However, in the stage of diagnosis, the standard criteria for the classification of TCM syndrome were still deficient. Through serum metabolic profiling, this study aimed to explore potential biomarkers in IBS-D patients with different TCM syndromes, which can assist in diagnosis of the disease.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from healthy controls (30 cases), IBS-D patients with Liver-Stagnation and Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (LSSD, 30 cases), Yang Deficiency of Spleen and Kidney syndrome (YDSK, 11 cases) and Damp Abundance due to Spleen-Deficiency syndrome (DASD, 22 cases). Serum metabolic profiling was conducted by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The potential biomarkers were screened by orthogonal partial least square-discriminate analysis, while metabolic pathways undergoing alterations were identified by pathway enrichment analysis in MetaboAnalyst 4.0.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 34 potential biomarkers were identified in LSSD group, 36 in YDSK group and 31 in DASD group. And the 13 metabolites shared by three groups were determined as the potential biomarkers of IBS-D. Glycerophospholipid metabolism was disturbed significantly in IBS-D patients, which may play a role in IBS-D through inflammation. What's more, three TCM syndromes have the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism.@*CONCLUSION@#The serum metabolomics revealed that different TCM syndrome types in IBS-D may have different metabolic patterns during disease progression and glycerophospholipid metabolism was one of the pathways, whose metabolism was disturbed differently among three TCM syndromes in IBS-D. Therefore, the specific potential biomarkers in glycerophospholipid metabolism of three TCM syndromes in IBS-D can serve as the objective indicators, which can facilitate the TCM-syndrome objective classification of IBS-D.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878733

ABSTRACT

Median arcuate ligament syndrome(MALS)is compression of the celiac trunk by the median arcuate ligament.Median arcuate ligament release is the corner stone for the surgical treatment of MALS.Open surgery,laparoscopic surgery,and robot-assisted surgery have been developed,among which laparoscopic surgery has been proposed as the preferred approach in view of its minimal trauma and short hospital stay.Auxiliary celiac plexus neurolysis could further alleviate the patient's discomfort.Moreover,vascular reconstitution is of vital importance in the case of persistent stenosis in the celiac artery despite of median arcuate ligament decompression.Vascular reconstruction has satisfactory long-term patency rate,while endovascular treatment is less invasive.This article aims to summarize the consensuses and advances and shed light on the surgical treatment of MALS.


Subject(s)
Celiac Artery/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Humans , Laparoscopy , Ligaments/surgery , Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome/surgery
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888703

ABSTRACT

Methyltransferase like 13 (METTL13), a kind of methyltransferase, is implicated in protein binding and synthesis. The upregulation of METTL13 has been reported in a variety of tumors. However, little was known about its potential function in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) so far. In this study, we found that METTL13 was significantly upregulated in HNSCC at both mRNA and protein level. Increased METTL13 was negatively associated with clinical prognosis. And METTL13 markedly affected HNSCC cellular phenotypes in vivo and vitro. Further mechanism study revealed that METTL13 could regulate EMT signaling pathway by mediating enhancing translation efficiency of Snail, the key transcription factor in EMT, hence regulating the progression of EMT. Furthermore, Snail was verified to mediate METTL13-induced HNSCC cell malignant phenotypes. Altogether, our study had revealed the oncogenic role of METTL13 in HNSCC, and provided a potential therapeutic strategy.


Subject(s)
Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/genetics
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 881-887, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880286

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram parameters based on the whole tumor and the pathological grade and lymph node metastasis (LNM) of PCa.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included 82 cases of PCa confirmed pathologically and subjected to MRI preoperatively. We obtained a series of ADC histogram parameters, such as ADCmean, ADCmedian, ADC25%, ADC75%, entropy, and histogram width, by processing the ADC images via the Firevoxel Post-Processing and the SPSS24 software. We compared the parameters between the high-risk and low- or moderate-risk groups as well as between the LNM-positive and LNM-negative groups of the patients, and analyzed the diagnostic performance of the parameters with statistically significant differences.@*RESULTS@#The high-risk group, compared with the low- or moderate-risk one, showed a significantly lower ADCmean ([590 ± 120] vs [837 ± 142] ×10-6 mm2/s, P < 0.01), ADCmedian ([560 ± 117] vs [804 ± 139] ×10-6 mm2/s, P < 0.01), ADC25% ([446.5 ± 98] vs [717 ± 118] ×10-6 mm2/, P < 0.01) and ADC75% ([667 ± 132] vs [931 ± 167] ×10-6 mm2/s, P < 0.01). The ADCmean manifested the highest diagnostic performance, with an AUC of 0.907, a sensitivity of 0.933 and a specificity of 0.796. No statistically significant difference was found between the high-risk and the low- or moderate-risk one in entropy (3.58 ± 0.39 vs 3.63 ± 0.42, P = 0.238) or the histogram width ([540 ± 73] vs [520 ± 65] ×10-6 mm2/s, P = 0.086). Both entropy and the histogram width were remarkably higher in the LNM-positive than in the LNM-negative group (3.95 ± 0.41 vs 3.12 ± 0.45, P < 0.01; [578 ± 59] vs [455 ± 68] ×10-6 mm2/s, P < 0.01), and the former had an even higher diagnostic performance, with an AUC of 0.836, a sensitivity of 0.887 and a specificity of 0.781. There were no statistically significant differences between the LNM-positive and LNM-negative groups in the ADCmean ([768 ± 135] vs [790±128] ×10-6 mm2/s, P = 0.402), ADCmedian ([759 ± 110] vs [775 ± 121] ×10-6 mm2/s, P = 0.225), ADC25% ([643 ± 91] vs [657 ± 89] ×10-6 mm2/s, P = 0.654) or ADC75% ([895 ± 127] vs [872 ± 129] ×10-6 mm2/s, P = 0.926).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ADC histogram parameters are related to pathological grade and LNM of PCa, and the analysis of the ADC histogram based on the whole tumor has an important value for preoperative evaluation and prognostic estimation of the malignancy.


Subject(s)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Prognosis , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1848-1850, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862213

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the mutual prediction relationship between peer relationship and internalizing problem.@*Methods@#One-year follow up survey was conducted with a sample of 220 preschool children from 4 kindergartens in Shandong province. The quality of peer relationship and degree of internalizing problem were evaluated with the Peer Relationship Scale and the Child Behavior Checklist Cross-lagged panel analysis was used for mutual prediction among variables.@*Results@#The quality of preschool children’s peer relationship showed an increasing trend with grade(F=6.40, 4.81, P<0.01), while the degree of internalizing problem showed a downward trend(F=7.65, 5.46, P<0.01). The predictive effect of pre-test peer relationship and internalizing problem on post-test corresponding behaviors were all statistically significant (β=0.56, 0.49, P<0.01). The predictive effect of pre-test peer relationship on post-test internalizing problem was statistically significant(β=-0.19, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Both peer relationship and internalizing problem has a certain stability across time, and early peer relationship and internalizing problem could predict later corresponding behaviors. Early peer relationship can predict later internalizing problem, while early internalizing problem cannot predict later peer relationship.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843089

ABSTRACT

Objective : To study the ability of aptamer sgc8 to recognize different bone marrow cells and evaluate its diagnostic value for acute leukemia (AL). Methods : 5-Carboxyfluorescein-labeled aptamer sgc8 and its control random library chain (Lib) were used to examine 83 clinical bone marrow samples by flow cytometry, and the difference between sgc8 and Lib of the positive percentages of each cell population was analyzed. Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical analysis. Results : In AL samples, sgc8 has a specific ability to recognize tumor cells in most of the acute T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples, and the ability of sgc8 to recognize tumor cells of various AML subtypes is different while there is no difference for the ability to recognize tumor cells of T-ALL subtypes. But sgc8 doesn't show obvious recognition ability in acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) samples. In normal bone marrow samples, sgc8 can specifically recognize the myeloid blast cellsbut not early B cells and other mature cell populations. Conclusion : The aptamer sgc8 has specific recognition ability in AML, T-ALL and normal bone marrow samples, and may have different diagnostic values for various AML subtypes, but it does not significantly recognize cells of B-ALL samples.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828405

ABSTRACT

The tirucallane-type triterpenoids, composed of six isoprene units, belong to a group of tetracyclic triterpenoids. Although the naturally-derived tirucallane-type triterpenoids were found in a small amount, the kind of compounds showed various structures, which consist of apo-type, linear said-chain-type and cyclolike said-chain-type and broad bioactivities, such as cytotoxicity, anti-inflammation, antioxidation and anti-plasmin, etc. This paper summarized origins, structures and bioactivities of tirucallane-type triterpenoids in recent ten years. The future research and exploration of tirucallane-type triterpenoids were discussed and prospected.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Molecular Structure , Triterpenes
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827810

ABSTRACT

To investigate the inflammatory mechanism of nasal instillation of fine particulate matter (PM)on hippocampal tissue injury in mice. Thirty C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into 3 groups(n=10):control group, low-dose group, high-dose group. The nasal instillation doses of PM in the low-dose group and the high-dose group were 1.5 mg/kg BW and 7.5 mg/kg BW, respectively, and the control group was given saline with an equal volume. Saline was sprayed once every other time for 12 times. The serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were determined by ELISA method. HE staining and electron microscopy were used to observe the pathological changes and ultrastructure of lung tissue and hippocampus. The inflammatory cytokine levels in hippocampus were detected by antibody chip technique. There was no significant effect of PM nasal instillation on serum TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 levels (P>0.05), and there was no obvious pathological changes in lung tissue structure. In hippocampus, low-dose and high-dose PM exposure could lead to disordered neuronal arrangement in the hippocampal CA3 region, and there were neurological changes around the neuron cells and ultrastructural changes such as edema around small blood vessels. Compared with the control group, the levels of inflammatory cytokines such as CX3CL1, CSF2 and TECK in the low-dose group were increased significantly (P <0.05), while sTNFR1 was decreased significantly (P<0.05); the inflammatory factors CX3CL1, CSF2, and TCA-3 were significantly increased in the high-dose group (P<0.05), while leptin, MIG, and FASLG were significantly decreased (P<0.05). Nasal instillation of PM can induce tissue damage in the hippocampus of mice, and its mechanism of action may be the olfactory brain pathway. The increasing of TNF-α and IL-6 and the decreasing of sTNFR1 and FASLG may be involved in inflammatory mechanisms.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with lifestyle control on hepatic fat status, hepatic enzymology, glycolipid metabolism and anthropological parameters in patients with obese nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD).@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with obese NAFLD were randomized into an observation group (45 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a control group (45 cases, 1 case dropped off). Lifestyle control was implemented in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, acupuncture was applied at Zhongwan (CV 12), Quchi (LI 11), Shuifen (CV 9), Huaroumen (ST 24), Daheng (SP 15), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), etc. EA was provided at Huaroumen (ST 24) and Daheng (SP 15) with dilatational wave, 2 Hz/100 Hz in frequency, 30 min each time, once every other day, 3 times a week. The treatment for 12 weeks was required in both of the two groups. Hepatic fat status [controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and liver stiffness measurement (LSM)], hepatic enzymology [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT)], glycolipid metabolism and insulin sensitivity [fasting plasma glucose (FPG), fasting serum lisulin (FINS), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)] and anthropological parameters [body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), fat percentage (FP), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)] in the two groups were observed before and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#①Compared before treatment, hepatic CAP, LSM, serum ALT, AST and GGT after treatment were obviously reduced in the two groups (<0.05, <0.01). After treatment, CAP and ALT in the observation group were lower than the control group (<0.05). ②Compared before treatment, FINS, HOMA-IR, LDL-C, TC and TG after treatment were obviously reduced in the two groups (<0.05, <0.01),while the levels of HDL-C were increased (<0.05). Compared before treatment, FPG after treatment in the observation group was reduced (<0.05). Compared with the control group, FINS, HOMA-IR, TC and TG in the observation group were lower than those in the control group after treatment (<0.05). ③Compared before treatment, BW BMI, FP, WC, HC, WHR after treatment were obviously reduced in the two groups (<0.01). After treatment, WC and WHR in the observation group were lower than the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture combined with lifestyle control can effectively treat obese nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and present better therapeutic effect on hepatic fat status, glycolipid metabolism, insulin resistance, WC and WHR.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829065

ABSTRACT

The theory of "--" of Zhuang medicine was explored and the academic achievements and experience of professor - were summarized to explain the theory and clinical characteristics of -- acupuncture, an acupuncture school of 's Zhuang medicine of Guangxi. This acupuncture method is guided by the theory of "three- synchronization" and "--" of Zhuang medicine, based on the theory of "three channels and two paths", with regulating as the method and regulating spirit as the basis. After the patient is calmed and resting, the micro needle shallow needling technique is adopted, mainly at the umbilical ring point, so as to achieve the purpose of regulating the mind and treating the root cause.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773666

ABSTRACT

Sesquiterpenes are a class of terpenoids composed of three isoprene units( 15 carbons). Sesquiterpenoids possess a variety of different structures,including acyclic sesquiterpenes,monocyclic sesquiterpenoids,bicyclic sesquiterpenoids,tricyclic sesquiterpenoids,tetracyclic sesquiterpenoids and macrocyclic sesquiterpenoids. Among them,a large number of monocyclic sesquiterpenoids were isolated and display extensive bioactivities,such as cytotoxic,antioxidant,anti-inflammatory,antibacterial and other activities. In this review,we summarized the progress about the phytochemistry and biological activities of monocyclic sesquiterpenoids( a total of161 compounds) reported from 2014 to 2018( 5 years),including megastigmanes,monocyclofarnesol-type,bisabolane-type,germacrane-type,and other types of monocyclic sesquiterpenoids. Furthermore,several future research perspectives and development of sesquiterpenoids as potential therapeutic agents were discussed as well.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Molecular Structure , Sesquiterpenes , Pharmacology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802334

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of modified Sijunzi Tang on protein and mRNA expressions of Occludin, Claudin-1 and zonula occludens-1(ZO-1) in cerebral ischemia rats. Method:Totally 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, edaravone group, small-dose modified Sijunzi Tang group, middle-dose modified Sijunzi Tang group and high-dose modified Sijunzi Tang group. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was prepared by suture method. After 7 days of treatment, the modeling group was put to death. Western blot was used to detect the contents of Occludin, Claudin-1 and ZO-1 in the ischemic cerebral cortex of rats. Detection of Occludin, ZO-1, Claudin-1 mRNA expression in the ischemic cortex of rats by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result:Compared with the sham operation group, protein expressions of Occludin, Claudin-1, and ZO-1 in the model group were significantly down-regulated (PPPPConclusion:Modified Sijunzi Tang may protect the blood-brain barrier and reduce brain edema in ischemic stroke rats by increasing the expression of tight junction proteins Occludin, ZO-1 and Claudin-1.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 978-982, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754093

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of overexpression of microRNA-21-5p (miR-21-5p) on early apoptosis of type Ⅱalveolar epithelial cells (AECⅡ) in rats with hyperoxic acute lung injury (HALI). Methods The Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups: control group (CON group), hyperoxia group (H group), overexpression group (OE group) and empty vector group (EV group), with 20 rats in each group. HALI animal model was made by inhaling high concentration oxygen (oxygen concentration ≥90%); CON group was arranged to inhale room air. The miR-21-5p adeno-associated virus-6 (AAV-6) overexpression vectors or empty vectors were dripped into the lungs of OE group and EV group through tracheal tube, respectively. The hyperoxia model was prepared after 3 weeks of feeding. At 0, 24, 48 and 60 hours after making model, 5 rats were selected to detect lung injury parameters:oxygenation index (OI), respiratory index (RI), wet/dry ratio (W/D), pathological injury score of lung tissue; real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression of miR-21-5p in AECⅡ, and flow cytometry was used to detect the early apoptotic rate of AECⅡ. Results ① The lung injury parameters: in H group, the OI gradually decreased with time, but the RI, lung W/D ratio and pathological score increased gradually with time, the difference between CON group was statistically significant at 24 hours [OI (mmHg, 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa):336.04±5.79 vs. 400.22±19.70, RI: 0.20±0.02 vs. 0.10±0.06, lung W/D ratio: 5.04±0.09 vs. 4.85±0.09, lung tissue pathological score: 0.13±0.01 vs. 0.07±0.01, all P < 0.05]. It indicated that HALI model could be successfully established by inhaling high concentration oxygen continuously. ② The expression of miR-21-5p: the miR-21-5p was gradually increased in H, OE and EV groups, and the expression of miR-21-5p was significantly higher than that in CON group at 24, 48 and 60 hours. Compared with H group, the expression of miR-21-5p was significantly increased further in OE group at 0, 24, 48 and 60 hours (2-ΔΔCt: 3.75±0.11 vs. 0.98±0.14, 3.98±0.12 vs. 1.18±0.13, 4.28±0.18 vs. 1.49±0.06, 4.66±0.12 vs. 1.80±0.12, all P < 0.05). ③ The early apoptosis of AECⅡ: the early apoptosis rate gradually increased with time in H, OE and EV groups, and the early apoptosis of AECⅡ was significantly higher than that in CON group at 24, 48 and 60 hours. Compared with H group, the early apoptosis rate was significantly decreased in OE group at 24, 48 and 60 hours [(1.22±0.63)% vs. (2.84±0.59)%, (5.76±0.18)% vs. (13.10±2.01)%, (29.48±0.48)% vs. (49.04±1.36)%, all P < 0.05]. ④ There was no significant difference in the expression of miR-21-5p and the early apoptosis of AECⅡ cells between EV group and H group at each time point. Conclusion Overexpression of miR-21-5p could inhibit the early apoptosis of AECⅡ in rats with HALI.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tongxiening Granules (, TXNG) in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with predominant diarrhea (IBS-D).@*METHODS@#A randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, and positive parallel controlled clinical trial was conducted from October 2014 to March 2016. Totally 342 patients from 13 clinical centers were enrolled and randomly assigned (at the ratio of 1:1) to a treatment group (171 cases) and a control group (171 cases) by a random coding table. The patients in the treatment group were administered orally with TXNG (5 g per time) combined with pinaverium bromide Tablet simulator (50 mg per time), 3 times per day. The patients in the control group were given TXNG simulator (5 g per time) combined with pinaverium bromide Tablets (50 mg per time), 3 times per day. The treatment course lasted for 6 weeks. The improvement of Irritable Bowel Syndrome Symptom Severity Score (IBS-SSS) was used to evaluate the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes included adequate relief (AR) rate, Irritable Bowel Syndrome-Quality of Life Questionnaire (IBS-QOL), Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD), and the recurrence rate at follow-ups. Safety indices including the adverse events (AEs) and related laboratory tests were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Primary outcome: IBS-SSS at baseline, weeks 2, 4, 6 showed no statistical significance in both full analysis set (FAS) and per protocol set (PPS, P>0.05). After 6 weeks of treatment, the total effective rate of IBS-SSS scores in the treatment group (147/171,86.0%) was higher than the control group (143/171, 83.6%) by FAS (P>0.05). In regard to secondary outcomes, after 6-week treatment, there was no significant difference in AR rate, total score of IBS-QOL, improvement of HAMD and HAMA total scores between the two groups (P>0.05). The recurrence rate at 8-week follow-up was 12.35% (10/18) in treatment group and 15.79% (12/76) in control group, respectively (P>0.05). A total of 21 AEs occurred in 15 cases, of which 11 occurred in 8 cases in the treatment group and 10 AEs in 7 cases in the control group. The incidence of AEs had no statistical significance between the two goups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tongxiening Granules could relieve the symptoms of patients with IBS-D and the treatment effect was comparable to pinaverium bromide. (No. ChiCTR-IPR-15006415).

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772247

ABSTRACT

We studied the disinfection effect of a new ultraviolet (UV) sterilizer and its utilization on ultrasound probe surfaces. Carrier quantitative germicidal tests, simulated on-the-spot trials, and organic substance influence tests were used to carry out experimental observation. Artificially infected probes were disinfected using the sterilizer or a germicidal lamp for comparison. The total number and types of bacteria were determined and identified. Our results demonstrated the sterilizer had the best disinfection effect among three different disinfection methods in hospital. The sterilizer has been used in a hospital setting for 2 years with no notable damage to the ultrasound probe instrument. It has the advantages of fast disinfection, high disinfection effect, and good compatibility with the ultrasound instrument, worthy of being a promoted application in medical institutions.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Infections , Microbiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Cross Infection , Microbiology , Disinfection , Methods , Equipment Contamination , Sterilization , Surface Properties , Ultrasonography , Ultraviolet Rays
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807571

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The serotype screening of Shigella flexneri from 1934 to 1965 preserved by the National Center for Medical Culture Collections was carried out, and the molecular characteristics of the serotype conversion strains were studied.@*Methods@#Serotyping of Shigella flexneri in this study was conducted by slide agglutination and multiplex PCR, respectively. The gtrⅡ gene sequence alignment and pulsed field gel electrophoresis typing were performed on the serotype conversion strains.@*Results@#Among the 255 strains of Shigella flexneri preserved in CMCC (B) from 1934 to 1965, 79 were carrying gtrⅡ gene, of which 19 strains and 1 strain were agglutinated with the Y serotype and X serotype, respectively, and furthermore, the multiplex PCR assays results showed serotypes 2a and 2b, respectively, and the strains were considered to have serotype conversion. The 20 strains carrying the gtrⅡ gene showed multiple nucleotide mutations. Besides 3 strains of 3 amino acid mutations, the amino acid sequences of the other 17 strains showed a stop codon in advance, resulting in functional inactivation of gtrⅡ. PFGE analysis revealed that the similarity between the serotype Y strain carrying the gtrⅡ gene and the serotype 2a strain was 75.8%-100%, and the similarity between the serotype X strain carrying the gtrⅡ gene and the serotype 2b strain was 81.6%-100%.@*Conclusion@#Mutations in the gtrⅡ gene are more complicated in serotype-transforming Shigella flexneri serotype Y or X strains. Molecular typing suggests that the serotype-transforming Shigella flexneri serotype Y or X strains may be derived from the Shigella flexneri serotype 2a or 2b, and advance the serotype conversion to 1949.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703524

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application of auto regressive time varying models in network building of time se-ries microarray data.Methods We used actual data to carry out a preliminary discussion about the properties of auto regressive time varying models.Results Analysis results of actual data suggested that auto regressive time varying models can perform well whether the number of timepoint is large or small,and it can recognize the network’s dynamic variation rule.Conclusion Auto regressive time varying models is applicable to network building of time series microarray data.

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