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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e275-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001222

ABSTRACT

Background@#Fracture risks and associated factors are poorly understood in middle-aged and older Asian populations with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Therefore, we investigated fracture risk and the effects of comorbidities and lifestyle habits on the risk of developing fractures in middle-aged and older Korean patients with IBD. @*Methods@#We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study using data from the National Health Insurance Corporation Database. Patients with IBD who underwent the National Screening Program and were over 40 years of age were included in the study. We compared patients with age- and sex-matched controls. The incidence of fractures, including vertebral, hip, and other sites, was determined using claims data. @*Results@#The risk of total fractures and vertebral fractures was significantly higher in the IBD group (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.31, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16–1.48; adjusted HR, 1.59, 95% CI, 1.33–1.92, respectively). Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and lack of exercise were associated with increased fracture risk in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). In contrast, the risk increases in patients with Crohn’s disease regardless of comorbidities and lifestyle preferences. @*Conclusion@#The risk of bone fracture, especially vertebral fracture, is high in middle-aged and older Korean patients with IBD. Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and lack of exercise are all risk factors associated with bone fractures in patients with UC. These findings are helpful for clinicians to educate patients with IBD on bone health and raise awareness of bone fractures in patients with UC who have specific risk factors.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 430-440, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000378

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The clinical efficacy and safety of CT-P13 are comparable to originator infliximab for Crohn’s disease in CT-P13 3.4 study (NCT02096861). We performed a multivariate logistic analysis to demonstrate the association between early infliximab trough levels and treatment outcomes of CT-P13 and originator infliximab. @*Methods@#Early serum infliximab trough levels and anti-drug antibody (ADA) levels were compared between CT-P13 (n=100) and originator infliximab (n=98) groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis and multivariate logistic analysis were conducted to identify optimal cutoffs of serum infliximab trough levels and predictive factors for clinical outcomes. @*Results@#The median infliximab trough levels were not different between CT-P13 and originator infliximab groups at week 6, week 14, and in median ADA levels at week 14, respectively. ROC analysis found an infliximab concentration threshold of 4.5 μg/mL at week 6 and 4.0 μg/mL at week 14 as the cutoff value with the highest accuracy for the prediction of clinical outcomes. Serum infliximab trough levels at weeks 6 and 14 predicted clinical remission at weeks 30 and 54, and endoscopic remission at week 54. The combinations of clinical remission or C-reactive protein normalization with an early infliximab trough level improved the prediction of long-term clinical or endoscopic remission. @*Conclusions@#A threshold in serum infliximab trough level at week 6 and week 14 was highly predictive for long-term clinical outcomes. There were no statistical differences in serum infliximab trough levels and ADA levels between CT-P13 and originator infliximab.

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 591-599, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000369

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Low-volume preparations for colonoscopy are gaining attention for their higher acceptability. However, the efficacy and safety of oral sulfate solution (OSS) preparations in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) has not been well known. Therefore, we aimed to compare OSS and 2-L polyethylene glycol with ascorbic acid (PEG+Asc) for bowel preparation in inactive UC. @*Methods@#A multicenter, randomized, single-blind study was conducted at six tertiary referral hospitals in Korea. Outpatients with UC who had stable disease activity were randomly allocated to the OSS group or the 2-L PEG+Asc group for bowel preparation before colonoscopy. The study outcomes included treatment efficacy, safety, tolerability, and acceptability. Bowel cleansing was assessed using the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale and rated as successful cleansing if the score was ≥6. Patient acceptance and tolerability were assessed using a 4-point ordinal scale. Additionally, disease activity and laboratory data before and after colonoscopy were evaluated to check for safety. @*Results@#The OSS and 2-L PEG+Asc groups included 92 and 93 participants, respectively. No significant between-group difference was noted in successful cleansing (OSS [96.7%] vs 2-L PEG+Asc [97.8%], p=0.64). Moreover, the safety, acceptance, and tolerability were not significantly different (all p>0.05). Furthermore, no significant changes were found in serum electrolytes or disease activity in either group. @*Conclusions@#OSS is effective for colonoscopy cleansing, has acceptable tolerability, and does not affect disease activity; thus, it can be used safely for bowel preparation in patients with inactive UC.

4.
Intestinal Research ; : 148-160, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967008

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The fecal microbiota of Korean patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) was investigated with respect to disease phenotypes and taxonomic biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis of IBD. @*Methods@#Fecal samples from 70 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, 39 Crohn’s disease (CD) patients, and 100 healthy control individuals (HC) were collected. The fecal samples were amplified via polymerase chain reaction and sequenced using Illumina MiSeq. The relationships between fecal bacteria and clinical phenotypes were analyzed using the EzBioCloud database and 16S microbiome pipeline. @*Results@#The alpha-diversity of fecal bacteria was significantly lower in UC and CD (P<0.05) compared to that in HC. Bacterial community compositions in UC and CD were significantly different from that of HC according to Bray-Curtis dissimilarities, and there was also a difference between community composition in UC and CD (P=0.01). In UC, alpha-diversity was further decreased when the disease was more severe and the extent of disease was greater, and community composition significantly differed depending on the extent of the disease. We identified 9 biomarkers of severity and 6 biomarkers of the extent of UC. We also identified 5 biomarkers of active disease and 3 biomarkers of ileocolonic involvement in CD. Lachnospiraceae and Ruminococcus gnavus were biomarkers for better prognosis in CD. @*Conclusions@#The fecal microbiota profiles of IBD patients were different from those of HC, and several bacterial taxa may be used as biomarkers to determine disease phenotypes and prognosis. These data may also help discover new therapeutic targets for IBD.

5.
Intestinal Research ; : 350-360, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937722

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This study assessed the efficacy and safety of adalimumab (ADA) and explored predictors of response in Korean patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). @*Methods@#A prospective, observational, multicenter study was conducted over 56 weeks in adult patients with moderately to severely active UC who received ADA. Clinical response, remission, and mucosal healing were assessed using the Mayo score. @*Results@#A total of 146 patients were enrolled from 17 academic hospitals. Clinical response rates were 52.1% and 37.7% and clinical remission rates were 24.0% and 22.0% at weeks 8 and 56, respectively. Mucosal healing rates were 39.0% and 30.1% at weeks 8 and 56, respectively. Prior use of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (anti-TNF-α) did not affect clinical and endoscopic responses. The ADA drug level was significantly higher in patients with better outcomes at week 8 (P<0.05). In patients with lower endoscopic activity, higher body mass index, and higher serum albumin levels at baseline, the clinical response rate was higher at week 8. In patients with lower Mayo scores and C-reactive protein levels, clinical responses, and mucosal healing at week 8, the clinical response rate was higher at week 56. Serious adverse drug reactions were identified in 2.8% of patients. @*Conclusions@#ADA is effective and safe for induction and maintenance in Korean patients with UC, regardless of prior anti-TNF-α therapy. The ADA drug level is associated with the efficacy of induction therapy. Patients with better short-term outcomes were predictive of those with an improved long-term response.

6.
Gut and Liver ; : 384-395, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925033

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Improving quality of life has been gaining importance in ulcerative colitis (UC) management. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in health-related quality of life (HRQL) and related factors in patients with moderate-to-severe UC. @*Methods@#A multicenter, hospital-based, prospective study was performed using a Moderateto-Severe Ulcerative Colitis Cohort in Korea (the MOSAIK). Changes in HRQL, evaluated using the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ), were analyzed at the time of diagnosis and 1 year later. @*Results@#In a sample of 276 patients, the mean age was 38.4 years, and the majority of patients were male (59.8%). HRQL tended to increase in both the IBDQ and SF-12 1 year after diagnosis. A higher partial Mayo score was significantly related to poorer HRQL on the IBDQ and SF-12 in a linear mixed model (p<0.01). Inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) or erythrocyte sedimentation rate also showed a negative correlation on HRQL (p<0.05). Patients whose IBDQ score improved by 16 or more (71.2%) in 1 year were younger, tended to be nonsmokers, and had a lower partial Mayo score and CRP than those whose IBDQ score did not. There was no significant association between HRQL and disease extent, treatments at diagnosis, or the highest treatment step during the 1-year period. @*Conclusions@#Optimally controlled disease status improves HRQL in patients with moderate-tosevere UC. The partial Mayo score and inflammatory markers may be potential indicators reflecting the influence of UC on patient`s daily lives.

7.
Gut and Liver ; : 396-403, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925029

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Little is known about the clinical course of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients undergoing anti-tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) therapy for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to investigate the clinical course of HBV infection and IBD and to analyze liver dysfunction risks in patients undergoing anti-TNF-α therapy. @*Methods@#This retrospective multinational study involved multiple centers in Korea, China, Tai-wan, and Japan. We enrolled IBD patients with chronic or resolved HBV infection, who received anti-TNF-α therapy. The patients’ medical records were reviewed, and data were collected using a web-based case report form. @*Results@#Overall, 191 patients (77 ulcerative colitis and 114 Crohn’s disease) were included, 28.3% of whom received prophylactic antivirals. During a median follow-up duration of 32.4 months, 7.3% of patients experienced liver dysfunction due to HBV reactivation. Among patients with chronic HBV infection, the proportion experiencing liver dysfunction was significantly higher in the non-prophylaxis group (26% vs 8%, p=0.02). Liver dysfunction occurred in one patient with resolved HBV infection. Antiviral prophylaxis was independently associated with an 84% reduction in liver dysfunction risk in patients with chronic HBV infection (odds ratio, 0.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.04 to 0.66; p=0.01). The clinical course of IBD was not associated with liver dysfunction or the administration of antiviral prophylaxis. @*Conclusions@#Liver dysfunction due to HBV reactivation can occur in HBV-infected IBD patients treated with anti-TNF-α agents. Careful monitoring is needed in these patients, and antivirals should be administered, especially to those with chronic HBV infection.

8.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 579-587, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893178

ABSTRACT

Over the past three decades, inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have been rapidly increasing in the African, South American, and Asian countries, including Korea. However, in Korea, the public awareness of IBD remains low, and diagnostic delay is not uncommon due to the physicians' lack of clinical experience. It is essential to understand the trends and regional differences in the epidemiology of IBD for proper diagnosis and treatment.Current Concepts: Although lower than those of the West, the prevalence and incidence of IBD in Korea rank among the highest in Asia and are steadily increasing. In the past 10 years, the prevalence of IBD has almost doubled, while its incidence has decreased gradually. As compared to Western IBD patients, Korean patients have higher proportion of proctitis in ulcerative colitis, male predominance, more ileocolonic involvement, and higher incidence of perianal fistula in Crohn disease. There is no single gold standard for the diagnosis of IBD. Thus, diagnosis can be made by clinical evaluation, including a detailed history taking, physical examination, and a combination of endoscopic, radiologic, laboratory, and histologic findings.Discussion and Conclusion: Population-based studies have revealed the current trends and characteristics of the epidemiology of IBD in Korea. Continued education and development of diagnostic tools will help clinicians to diagnose IBD accurately and differentiate it from other diseases such as intestinal tuberculosis.

9.
Intestinal Research ; : 323-331, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891121

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Infliximab (IFX) has proven effective as rescue therapy in steroid-refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC), however, the long-term real-world data are scarce. Our study aimed to assess the long-term treatment outcomes of IFX in a real-life cohort. @*Methods@#We established a multicenter retrospective cohort of hospitalized patients with ASUC, who met Truelove and Witt’s criteria and received intravenous corticosteroid (IVCS) or IFX during index hospitalization between 2006 and 2016 in 5 university hospitals in Korea. The cohort was systematically followed up until colectomy, death or last follow-up visit. @*Results@#A total of 296 patients were followed up for a mean of 68.9 ± 44.0 months. During index hospitalization, 49 patients were treated with IFX; as rescue therapy for IVCS failure in 37 and as first-line medical therapy for ASUC in 12. All patients treated with IFX avoided colectomy during index hospitalization. The cumulative rates of rehospitalization and colectomy were 20.4% and 6.1% at 3 months and 39.6% and 18.8% at the end of follow-up, respectively. Patients treated with IFX presented with significantly shorter colectomy-free survival than IVCS responders (P= 0.04, log-rank test). Both cytomegalovirus colitis and Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) were the significant predictors of colectomy in the overall study cohort (hazard ratios of 6.57 and 4.61, respectively). There were no fatalities. @*Conclusions@#Our real-world cohort study demonstrated that IFX is an effective therapeutic option in Korean patients with ASUC, irrespective of IFX indication. Aggressive vigilance for cytomegalovirus colitis and CDI is warranted for hospitalized patients with ASUC.

10.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 579-587, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900882

ABSTRACT

Over the past three decades, inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) have been rapidly increasing in the African, South American, and Asian countries, including Korea. However, in Korea, the public awareness of IBD remains low, and diagnostic delay is not uncommon due to the physicians' lack of clinical experience. It is essential to understand the trends and regional differences in the epidemiology of IBD for proper diagnosis and treatment.Current Concepts: Although lower than those of the West, the prevalence and incidence of IBD in Korea rank among the highest in Asia and are steadily increasing. In the past 10 years, the prevalence of IBD has almost doubled, while its incidence has decreased gradually. As compared to Western IBD patients, Korean patients have higher proportion of proctitis in ulcerative colitis, male predominance, more ileocolonic involvement, and higher incidence of perianal fistula in Crohn disease. There is no single gold standard for the diagnosis of IBD. Thus, diagnosis can be made by clinical evaluation, including a detailed history taking, physical examination, and a combination of endoscopic, radiologic, laboratory, and histologic findings.Discussion and Conclusion: Population-based studies have revealed the current trends and characteristics of the epidemiology of IBD in Korea. Continued education and development of diagnostic tools will help clinicians to diagnose IBD accurately and differentiate it from other diseases such as intestinal tuberculosis.

11.
Intestinal Research ; : 323-331, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898825

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Infliximab (IFX) has proven effective as rescue therapy in steroid-refractory acute severe ulcerative colitis (ASUC), however, the long-term real-world data are scarce. Our study aimed to assess the long-term treatment outcomes of IFX in a real-life cohort. @*Methods@#We established a multicenter retrospective cohort of hospitalized patients with ASUC, who met Truelove and Witt’s criteria and received intravenous corticosteroid (IVCS) or IFX during index hospitalization between 2006 and 2016 in 5 university hospitals in Korea. The cohort was systematically followed up until colectomy, death or last follow-up visit. @*Results@#A total of 296 patients were followed up for a mean of 68.9 ± 44.0 months. During index hospitalization, 49 patients were treated with IFX; as rescue therapy for IVCS failure in 37 and as first-line medical therapy for ASUC in 12. All patients treated with IFX avoided colectomy during index hospitalization. The cumulative rates of rehospitalization and colectomy were 20.4% and 6.1% at 3 months and 39.6% and 18.8% at the end of follow-up, respectively. Patients treated with IFX presented with significantly shorter colectomy-free survival than IVCS responders (P= 0.04, log-rank test). Both cytomegalovirus colitis and Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI) were the significant predictors of colectomy in the overall study cohort (hazard ratios of 6.57 and 4.61, respectively). There were no fatalities. @*Conclusions@#Our real-world cohort study demonstrated that IFX is an effective therapeutic option in Korean patients with ASUC, irrespective of IFX indication. Aggressive vigilance for cytomegalovirus colitis and CDI is warranted for hospitalized patients with ASUC.

12.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 29-38, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787236

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) therapy is used widely for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the present study, the characteristics and outcomes of tuberculosis (TB) in IBD patients treated with anti-TNF therapy were compared with those of non-IBD TB patients.METHODS: Twenty-five IBD patients who initially developed TB during anti-TNF therapy were enrolled in this study. Seventy-five age- and gender-matched non-IBD TB patients were selected as controls in a 1:3 ratio.RESULTS: The proportion of non-respiratory symptoms was higher in the IBD patients than in the non-IBD patients (12 [48.0%] in the IBD patients vs. 15 [20.0%] in the non-IBD patients; p=0.009). Eight (32.0%) IBD patients and 19 (25.3%) non-IBD patients had extra-pulmonary lesions (p=0.516). The frequency of positive smear results for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) was significantly higher in the non-IBD patients than in the IBD patients (three [12.0%] IBD patients vs. 27 [36.0%] non-IBD patients; p=0.023). Active TB was cured in 24 (96.0%) patients in the IBD group and in 70 (93.3%) patients in the non-IBD group (p=0.409). The TB-related mortality rates were 4.0% and 1.3% in the IBD patients and non-IBD patients, respectively (p=0.439).CONCLUSIONS: The rate of extrapulmonary involvement, side effects of anti-TB medications, and clinical outcomes did not differ between the IBD patients who initially developed TB during anti-TNF therapy and non-IBD patients with TB. On the other hand, the IBD patients had a lower rate of AFB smear positivity and a higher proportion of non-respiratory symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hand , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mortality , Necrosis , Tuberculosis
13.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 251-255, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834096

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization classified rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) as malignant in 2010 owing to their distant metastasis potential. On the other hand, in cases of small rectal NETs (<10 mm), which have a low risk of metastasis, endoscopic removal is the first-line therapeutic option, and regular surveillance is not recommended. The authors report a case of a small, well-differentiated rectal NET, which recurred as multiple hepatic metastases 5 years after apparent complete removal using endoscopic methods.

14.
Gut and Liver ; : 459-467, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833126

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Limited data are available regarding psychosocial distress at the time of diagnosis of ulcerative colitis (UC). We investigated the psychosocial burden and factors related to poor health-related quality of life (HRQL) among patients newly diagnosed with moderate-to-severe UC who were affiliated with the nationwide prospective cohort study. @*Methods@#Within the first 4 weeks of UC diagnosis, all patients were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ), and 12-Item Short Form (SF-12) health survey. A multiple linear regression model was used to identify factors associated with HRQL. @*Results@#Between August 2014 and February 2017, 355 patients completed questionnaires. Significant mood disorders requiring psychological interventions, defined by a HADS score ≥11, were identified in 16.7% (anxiety) and 20.6% (depression) of patients. Patients with severe disease were more likely to have presenteeism, loss of work productivity, and activity loss than those with moderate disease (all p<0.05). Significant mood disorders had the strongest negative relationship with total IBDQ score, which indicates disease-specific HRQL (β coefficient: –22.1 for depression and –40.0 for anxiety, p<0.001). The scores of all SF-12 dimensions, which indicate general HRQL, were remarkably decreased in the study population compared indirectly with previously reported scores in the general population. The Mayo score, C-reactive protein level, and white blood cell count showed significant negative associations with the IBDQ score (p<0.05). @*Conclusions@#Psychosocial screening and timely interventions should be incorporated into the initial care of patients newly diagnosed with UC.

15.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 881-888, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831807

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We evaluated the miss rates of polyps, adenomas, and advanced neoplasia of polypectomy-referring hospitals and risk factors for missed adenomas. @*Methods@#We compared medical records and electronic images of initial colonoscopies from polypectomy-referring hospitals with those of corresponding therapeutic colonoscopies from Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital obtained from May 2014 to February 2016. @*Results@#A total of 147 patients (56.6 ± 12.1 years, 37 females) were included. The mean number of polyps and adenomas detected on initial colonoscopy was 2.4 ± 1.7 and 1.7 ± 1.4, respectively. The mean number of additionally detected polyps and adenomas per patient during therapeutic colonoscopy was 1.4 ± 1.8 and 1.0 ± 1.5, respectively. Pooled miss rate for polyps, adenomas, and advanced neoplasia was 36%, 37%, and 11%, respectively. Pooled miss rate for adenomas was significantly higher for right-sided, non-pedunculated, and small (< 1 cm) adenomas (p = 0.031, p = 0.000, and p = 0.000, respectively). The miss rate of polyps, adenomas, and advanced neoplasia per patient was 60%, 49%, and 7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed age and number of adenoma on initial colonoscopy were significantly related with risk for adenoma-missing (p = 0.005 and p = 0.023, respectively). @*Conclusions@#Among patients referred for polypectomy, adenoma is missed in one of two patients and advanced neoplasm is missed in one of 13. Patients with advanced age or multiple adenoma on initial colonoscopy have a higher possibility of missed adenoma. Total colon exploration should be performed carefully during therapeutic colonoscopy.

16.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 72-80, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719283

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Fecal calprotectin (FC) is known to correlate with disease activity and can be used as a predictor for relapse or treatment response in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We evaluated the usefulness of FC as a biomarker for disease activity in patients with IBD using both enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and a quantitative point-of-care test (QPOCT). METHODS: Fecal samples and medical records were collected from consecutive patients with IBD. FC levels were measured by both ELISA and QPOCT and patient medical records were reviewed for clinical, laboratory, and endoscopic data. RESULTS: Ninety-three patients with IBD were enrolled, 55 with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 38 with Crohn's disease (CD). The mean FC-ELISA levels were 906.3 ± 1,484.9 μg/g in UC and 1,054.1 ± 1,252.5 μg/g in CD. There was a strong correlation between FC-ELISA level and clinical activity indices (p < 0.05). FC-ELISA level was significantly lower in patients with mucosal healing (MH) compared to those without MH in UC (85.5 ± 55.6 μg/g vs. 1,503.7 ± 2,129.9 μg/g, p = 0.005). The results from the QPOCT corresponded well to those from ELISA. A cutoff value of 201.3 μg/g for FC-ELISA and 150.5 μg/g for FC-QPOCT predicted endoscopic inflammation (Mayo endoscopic subscore ≥ 1) in UC with a sensitivity of 81.8% and 85.8%, respectively, and a specificity of 100% for both. CONCLUSIONS: FC was strongly associated with disease activity indices, serologic markers, and endoscopic activity in patients with IBD. QPOCT can be used more conveniently than ELISA to assess FC in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Inflammation , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , Medical Records , Point-of-Care Systems , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity
17.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 69-73, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742129

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic, idiopathic inflammatory disease of gastrointestinal tract with waxing and waning clinical course, which may lead to irreversible bowel damage and a loss of bowel function. Cumulative intestinal damage results in complications such as stricture or fistulae, and eventually a large number of IBD patients undergo surgery. Notably, even during remission period (no clinical symptoms), subclinical inflammation often persists and the disease continues to progress. Therefore, the therapeutic target of IBD has been evolving from symptomatic control to mucosal healing to prevent structural intestinal damage. To achieve therapeutic goals in IBD, it is important to optimize therapy according to disease severity and response to treatment. Therefore, monitoring disease activity is recommended throughout the disease course of IBD. Especially strategies to monitor disease beyond symptoms through endoscopy, laboratory markers, and imaging is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Colitis, Ulcerative , Constriction, Pathologic , Crohn Disease , Endoscopy , Fistula , Gastrointestinal Tract , Inflammation , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
18.
Intestinal Research ; : 267-272, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714184

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) has been reported to be a cause of flare-ups in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). We evaluated the prevalence and clinical outcomes of CDI in patients with UC hospitalized for flare-ups. METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter study including 7 academic teaching hospitals in Korea. All consecutive patients with UC admitted for disease flare-up were enrolled. We detected the presence of CDI by using enzyme immunoassay, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for toxin genes, and sigmoidoscopy. RESULTS: Eighty-one consecutive patients with UC were enrolled from January 2014 to December 2015. Among 81 patients, 8 (9.9%) were diagnosed with CDI. Most of the cases were identified by RT-PCR. Enzyme immunoassay was positive in 3 of 8 patients, and only 1 had typical endoscopic findings of pseudomembranous colitis. There were no differences in demographic data, length of hospital stay, or colectomy rate between patients with and without CDI. CONCLUSIONS: CDI was not a rare cause of flare-up in patients with UC in Korea. However, CDI did not appear to affect the course of UC flare-up in Korean patients. RT-PCR was sensitive in detecting CDI and can be considered a diagnostic tool in patients with UC flare-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clostridioides difficile , Clostridium Infections , Clostridium , Colectomy , Colitis, Ulcerative , Enterocolitis, Pseudomembranous , Hospitals, Teaching , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Korea , Length of Stay , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sigmoidoscopy , Ulcer
19.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 319-323, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715370

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We aimed to investigate the efficacy of peracetic acid (EndoPA®; Firson Co., Ltd., Cheonan, Korea) in disinfecting endoscopes. METHODS: We prospectively investigated the gastroscopes (Part I) utilized in 100 gastroscopic examinations and colonoscopes (Part II) utilized in 30 colonoscopic examinations after disinfecting them with 0.2% peracetic acid (EndoPA®; Firson Co., Ltd.). These instruments had been collected consecutively throughout the study period. We reprocessed and disinfected the endoscopes according to the guidelines for cleaning and disinfecting gastrointestinal endoscopes laid down by the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in 2017. Three culture samples were obtained from each examination, based on different sampling methods. The primary outcome was a positive culture rate. RESULTS: In Part I of our study, two of 300 samples were positive. The culture positive rate after disinfection was 0.7% (2/300). The culture positive rate was not significantly different based on the exposure time to EndoPA® or the age of the scopes (p=0.7 or 0.2, respectively). In Part II of our study, all samples (n=90) were negative. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that 0.2% peracetic acid (EndoPA®) appears to be a good disinfectant for both gastroscopes and colonoscopes.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopes , Disinfection , Endoscopes , Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Gastroscopes , Peracetic Acid , Prospective Studies
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 29-54, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49966

ABSTRACT

Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, progressive, and disabling inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with an uncertain etiopathogenesis. CD can involve any site of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus, and is associated with serious complications, such as bowel strictures, perforations, and fistula formation. The incidence and prevalence rates of CD in Korea are still lower compared with those in Western countries, but they have been rapidly increasing during the recent decades. Although there are no definitive curative modalities for CD, various medical and surgical therapies have been applied for the treatment of this disease. Concerning CD management, there have been substantial discrepancies among clinicians according to their personal experience and preference. To suggest recommendable approaches to the diverse problems of CD and to minimize the variations in treatment among physicians, guidelines for the management of CD were first published in 2012 by the IBD Study Group of the Korean Association for the Study of the Intestinal Diseases. These are the revised guidelines based on updated evidence, accumulated since 2012. These guidelines were developed by using mainly adaptation methods, and encompass induction and maintenance treatment of CD, treatment based on disease location, treatment of CD complications, including stricture and fistula, surgical treatment, and prevention of postoperative recurrence. These are the second Korean guidelines for the management of CD and will be continuously revised as new evidence is collected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anal Canal , Constriction, Pathologic , Crohn Disease , Fistula , Gastrointestinal Tract , Incidence , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Intestinal Diseases , Korea , Mouth , Prevalence , Recurrence
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